Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1724
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Floriano Pierre N - - 2007
The advent of flow cytometry has considerably changed the ways in which medical testing is conducted. However, the cost of flow cytometers, their large size, and their maintenance needs make them scarce in resource-poor settings and available almost only in clinical pathology laboratories in developed countries. Because cell enumeration is ...
Hickerson D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cell populations manufactured by conventional commercial cell sorters have been safely infused into patients, but reliably sterilizing these instruments remains challenging. We are developing clinical protocols involving use of ALDH bright cells manufactured by cell sorting in patients. However, we encountered problems when we attempted to reliably sterilize the ...
Woo Michelle M M - - 2007
The most commonly used means of assessing the invasiveness of cultured cells is the Boyden chamber assay, which requires that cells lyse Matrigel, followed by migration through pores in a filter in response to a chemotactic gradient. This report describes a simple method, which greatly increases the speed and accuracy ...
Surchev Lachezar - - 2007
The cerebellum has been widely used as a paradigm to study basic mechanisms of brain development and cortical histogenesis. Its highly regular structure has always made it particularly attractive to approaches relying on, and yielding, quantitative information, which provide a cornerstone of systems-oriented integrative analyses. Astonishingly, though, a systematic quantification ...
Marchenko Steven - - 2007
Knowledge of the exact number of viable cells in a given volume of a cell suspension is required for many routine tissue culture manipulations, such as plating cells for immunocytochemistry or for cell transfections. This protocol describes a straightforward and fast method for differentiating between live and dead cells and ...
Zhang, Liren
Copies of author's previously published articles inserted
Du Meng - - 2007
Edwardsiella tarda is pathogen of fish and other animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state and virulence retention of this bacterium. Edwardsiella tarda CW7 was cultured in sterilized aged seawater at 4 degrees C. Total cell counts remained constant throughout the 28-day ...
New York State Agricultural ...
64 pages, 1 article
Rundström Gerd - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A simple point-of-care method for measuring leukocyte counts in a doctor's office or emergency room could be of great importance. We developed a protocol for measuring cell count by disrupting the cell membrane and analyzing specific proteins within the cells and used it to analyze proteins from eosinophils and ...
Stettler Matthieu - - 2006
We present a new approach for biomass assessment in cell culture using a disposable microcentrifuge tube. The specially designed tube is fitted with an upper chamber for sample loading and a lower 5 microL capillary for cell collection during centrifugation. The resulting packed cell volume (PCV) can be quantitatively expressed ...
Vernochet C - - 2007
It is now well established that cells are exchanged between mother and fetus during gestation. It has been proposed that some of these exchanges take place in the placenta, but it has never been demonstrated. Here, we made use of EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein) transgenic mice to precisely visualize ...
Taupin Vanessa - - 2006
Intracellular development of microsporidian parasites comprises a proliferative phase (merogony) followed by a differentiation phase (sporogony) leading to the release of resistant spores. Sporogony implies, successively, meront-to-sporont transformation, sporont division into sporoblasts, and sporogenesis. We report a procedure improving the separation of sporogonial stages of Encephalitozoon cuniculi, a species that ...
de los Campos G - - 2006
The relationship between milk yield and somatic cell score (log-transformed somatic cell count) in dairy goats may involve complex pathways with recursive or simultaneous effects. Structural equation models were fitted to longitudinal data on milk yield and on somatic cell scores. Data consisted of 4 repeated records of milk production ...
de los Campos G - - 2006
Relationships between production and diseases may involve recursive or simultaneous effects between traits. Four structural equation models (SEqM) for somatic cell score and milk yield, with varying specifications for the effects relating the 2 traits, were compared. Data consisted of repeated records of milk yield and somatic cell score of ...
Henriksson Eva - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate some bioassays that are different in principle: cell counting, colony forming assay, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), sulforhodamine B (SRB), crystal violet, and alamarBlue, with respect to their ability to measure cisplatin-induced cell death of in vitro-cultivated squamous cell carcinoma of the head and ...
Linas Benjamin P BP Division of General Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2006
US acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Drug Assistance programs (ADAPs) provide medications to low-income patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/AIDS. Nationally, ADAPs are in a fiscal crisis. Many states have instituted waiting lists, often serving clients on a first-come, first-served basis. We hypothesized that CD4 cell count-based ADAP eligibility would ...
Berry D P - - 2006
The objective of this study was to document temporal trends in bulk tank somatic cell count (SCC) and total bacterial counts (TBC) in Irish dairy herds during the years 1994 to 2004. Three milk processors participated in the study, providing data on 2,754,270 individual bulk tank SCC and 2,056,992 individual ...
Balasegaram Manica - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In 2002-03, the Republic of the Congo increased the threshold separating stage 1 and 2 cases of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) from a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white cell count of 5 cells/mm(3) to 10 cells/mm(3). We aimed to assess whether the increased threshold of 10 cells/mm(3) is a safe ...
Sweeney F P - - 2006
AIMS: To adapt an immunomagnetic capture (IMC) technique to concentrate and cultivate Mycobacterium bovis from environmental samples including soil, faeces and urine. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cells of Myco. bovis BCG and wild-type Myco. bovis were successfully isolated and cultured from seeded and naturally infected materials respectively. The IMC cell recovery ...
Joung Seung-Hyun - - 2006
The cell counting of colonial Microcystis spp. is a rather difficult and error-prone proposition, as this genus forms irregularly-shaped and irregularly-sized colonies, which are packed with cells. Thus, in order to facilitate a cell count, four methods of dividing the colonies into single cells were compared, including vortexing, sonication, TiO2 ...
Mayoral María Belén - - 2006
A fast and sensitive reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) method was developed for the detection of viable Kluyveromyces marxianus in yoghurt. Yeast-specific primers were used with the RT-PCR to evaluate the suitability of 18S rRNA as a target for the detection of viable yeasts in pure culture and yoghurt. The RT-PCR ...
Inatomi K-I - - 2006
AIMS: To develop a miniaturized analytical system for counting of bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: Escherichia coli cells were used throughout the experiments. The system consists of a microfluidic chamber, a fluorescence microscope with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera and syringe pumps. The chamber was made of a silicone rubber (30 ...
Said Tamer M - - 2006
Magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) using paramagnetic annexin V-conjugated microbeads eliminates spermatozoa with externalized phosphatidylserine, which is considered one of the features of apoptosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate sperm recovery following the use of MACS as a sperm preparation technique. Mature spermatozoa were separated and divided into ...
Karched Maribasappa - - 2007
Tenacious adherence and autoaggregation of wild-type Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains jeopardize reliability of determined cell concentrations, e.g. for studies on bacteria-host interactions. We first compared the efficacy of two methods, an indirect and a direct method, for homogenizing cell suspensions of a wild-type, autoaggregating (SA269) strain and of a non-autoaggregating laboratory ...
Veldhuis M J W - - 2006
A variety of methods were successfully applied to examine the efficacy of a modular ballast water system according to the standards as adopted by the International Maritime Organization. The ballast water treatment system had a capacity of 530 m3 h(-1) consisted of a pump system, a hydrocyclone, a 50 microm ...
Fujikawa Hiroshi - - 2006
A novel method for estimating viable Salmonella Enteritidis cell counts with 5'-nuclease real-time PCR was developed in this study. Our method was based on the increase kinetics of the target DNA region (invA) of the microorganism growing in a food/clinical sample in a culture medium during incubation. The index of ...
Wada Makoto - - 2006
We developed a new method for comparing immunopositive cell densities across groups of animals and creating statistical parametric maps on standardized sections. As an example, we compared Iba-1 (microglial marker) positive cell densities in rats with (n=6) and without (n=6) unilateral injection of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium salt (MPP+). Immunopositive cells were automatically ...
Fujioka Kohtaro - - 2006
The efficacy of microbial cell removal (EMR) from fabrics is a practically important indicator for the evaluation of cleansers and detergents. EMR is expressed quantitatively by the relative number of viable cells remaining on a fabric swatch after the treatment with these reagents. In order to count the viable cells ...
Sanders Christine T - - 2006
Short tandem repeat (STR) analysis is a valuable tool in identifying the source of biological stains, particularly from the investigation of sexual assault crimes. Difficulties in analysis arise primarily in the interpretation of mixed genotypes when cell separation of the sexual assailant's sperm from the victim's cells is incomplete. The ...
Sasaki Y - - 2006
Electron microscopic examinations are sometimes limited due to the small number of cells available for analysis. The purpose of this study was to determine the limit of cell concentration for a successful transmission electron microscopic preparation. Various concentrations of monocyte cell suspension were fixed in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide according ...
Jiang Hui-yong - - 2006
We invented a new method to make microarrays using nuclei extracted from paraffin-embedded tissues or cultured cells. A blank recipient paraffin block with 10 x 10 cores was constructed and sectioned to make the mold for the cell arrays. The sections of paraffin were mounted on poly-L-lysine-coated slides. Prepared nuclei ...
Jönsson Mats - - 2006
A method to quantify the density of viable biological cells in suspensions is presented. The method is implemented by low-frequency impedance spectroscopy and based on the finding that immobilized ions are released to move freely in the surrounding suspension when viable Escherichia coli cells are killed by a heat shock. ...
McColm Janet R JR Department of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina, 6135 Neuroscience Research Building, 103 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7041, USA. - - 2006
To study the effect of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on rat retinal vascular development, Sprague-Dawley rats at postnatal age 3 days (p3) were given intraperitoneal (IP) LIF and analysis performed at p6 (p3/6). p7 rats were given intravitreous (IV) LIF and analysis performed at p9 (p7/9). Control animals were PBS ...
Barrett D J - - 2006
Somatic cell count (SCC) data for 480 cows in 10 Irish dairy herds from January 2001 until June 2002 were analysed. Herds were selected on the basis of a recent or ongoing history of clinical or subclinical mastitis. An individual cow SCC of 200 000 cells per ml was used ...
Long Xi - - 2006
Detection of unstained viable cells in bright field images is an inherently difficult task due to the immense variability of cell appearance. Traditionally, it has required human observers. However, in high-throughput robotic systems, an automatic procedure is essential. In this paper, we formulate viable cell detection as a supervised, binary ...
Pujol Marta - - 2006
The colonization of apple blossoms and leaves by Pseudomonas fluorescens EPS62e was monitored in greenhouse and field trials using cultivable cell counting and real-time PCR. The real-time PCR provided a specific quantitative method for the detection of strain EPS62e. The detection level was around 10(2) cells g (fresh weight)(-1) and ...
This is a medium to large species. It is sometimes confused with Protoperidinum oceanicum, which has longer apical and antapical horns. This cell is from a sample collected from the mouth of the Solway Firth in April 2002.
Hibi Kyoko - - 2006
Listeria monocytogenes can grow at the low temperature commonly used in the storage and transportation of food, and the number of cases of food poisoning caused by L. monocytogenes has increased recently in the US and Europe. Several methods of detecting L. monocytogenes cells have been proposed; however, all existing ...
Zensaku YOSHII / George ...
Usefulness and Necessity of separation of epitheloid and fibroblastic cells in tissue sulturing were emphasized. Two methods with several techniques were examined by using mink cells from peritoneal exudates. Harvesting method of necessary cells or using mink cells from peritoneal exudates. Harvesting method of necessary cells or colonies contains three ...
Purwosunu Yuditiya - - 2006
Fetal cells circulate in maternal blood and are considered a suitable means by which to detect fetal genetic and chromosomal abnormalities. This approach has the advantage of being noninvasive. Since the early 1990s, nucleated erythrocytes (NRBCs) have been considered good target cells for a number of techniques, including fluorescence-activated cell ...
Leclere Mathilde - - 2006
Mast cells normally are present in equine bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), but usually represent <2% of all cells in healthy horses. An increased percentage of mast cells has been associated with airway hyperactivity and inflammatory airway diseases, but marked differences are reported between studies in normal and diseased horses. Because ...
Schaeffer, Blake Allen
Many laboratories have solely used the Wilson isolate to characterize the red tide dinoflagellate species Karenia brevis. Recent work has provided new isolates from different geographical locations. Prior to detailed biochemical investigations, laboratory studies were conducted on ten different isolates representing geographical locations around the coast of Florida. The investigation ...
Resino Salvador - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies of children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection have demonstrated sustained increases in CD4+ cell count, even when virological failure has occurred after receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), but these studies were of limited duration. Moreover, the CD4+ cell count threshold at which ...
Busaba Nicolas Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Study the concept of "rhinosinusitis" in patients with inflammatory paranasal sinus disease (IPSD). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective case control series in a tertiary care facility. Twenty-two consecutive patients with IPSD without polyposis were enrolled. A partial middle turbinectomy and ethmoidectomy were performed and the histopathologic findings of the ...
Chiesa María E - - 2006
Lead is a multiple-source pollutant, well known for its toxicity, of great risk both for the environment and human health. The main target organs of lead are the hematopoietic, nervous, and renal systems; there are also reports in support of its impairment effects on the reproductive and immune systems. It ...
Green M J - - 2006
Individual cow somatic cell count (SCC) patterns were explored over a one year period in 33 dairy herds to investigate the reason for a summer rise in bulk milk somatic cell counts (BMSCC). Cow test day somatic cell counts were categorised according to the magnitude of change since the previous ...
T. Vigneswaran
Full adders are important components in applications such as Digital Signal Processors (DSP) architectures and microprocessors. Demands for the low power VLSI have been pushing the development of aggressive design methodologies to reduce the power consumption drastically. To meet the growing demand, The present study propose a new low power ...
Evander, Mikael
The isolation of male and female DNA is an important step in the analysis of sexual assault evidence. A vaginal swab with female epithelial cells and male sperm cells is obtained from the female, and it is vital to separate the male and female fractions in order to obtain a ...
Simak Jan - - 2006
Cell membrane microparticles (MPs) circulate in the blood of healthy donors, and their elevated counts have been documented in various pathologies. Microparticles are phospholipid microvesicles of 0.05 to 1.5 microm in size, containing certain membrane proteins of their parental cells. Thus, different phenotypes of MPs derived from platelets, blood cells, ...
Müller Robert - - 2006
This study presents the results of performance evaluations of the Cell-Dyn Sapphire (CD-Sapphire) undertaken by 3 study sites in Europe. These studies focused on the routine blood count analyses with specific consideration of precision and imprecision, linearity, inter-instrument correlations, and white blood cell differential and flagging efficiencies. The CD-Sapphire was ...
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