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Results 401 - 450 of 2849
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Fierro-Castro C - - 2012
We have tested the elicitation of innate defence-related responses in two stromal cell lines derived from the spleen (trout splenic stroma, TSS) and the pronephros (trout pronephric stroma-2, TPS-2) of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after they were exposed to different concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), levamisole, or polyinosinic polycytidylic acid (poly-I:C). ...
Tichy Elisia D - - 2012
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in embryonic stem (ES) cells are repaired primarily by homologous recombination (HR). The mechanism by which HR is regulated in these cells, however, remains enigmatic. To gain insight into such regulatory mechanisms, we have asked how protein levels of Rad51, a key component of HR, are ...
Simons Joanne L - - 2012
  Currently, there is no accurate method to differentiate vaginal epithelial cells from buccal epithelial cells in biological samples typically encountered in forensic casework. This study tested the expression of a selection of candidate proteins in buccal and vaginal epithelial cells. We investigated six candidate biomarkers, such as loricrin, vimentin, ...
Gadhia Sanket R - - 2012
Exposure to metals alters gene expression, changes transcription rates or interferes with DNA repair mechanisms. We tested a hypothesis to determine whether in vitro acute metal exposure, with or without recovery, alters epigenetic pathways in mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. We measured cell viability, total and histone protein production, changes ...
Falé P L - - 2012
This work aimed to study the inhibition on acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE), the antioxidant activity and the toxicity towards Caco-2 and HeLa cells of aqueous extracts of Peumus Boldus. An IC(50) value of 0.93 mg/mL, for AChE inhibition, and EC(50) of 18.7 μg/mL, for the antioxidant activity, was determined. This activity ...
Liu Dongwu - - 2012
Norcantharidin (NCTD), a chemically modified form of cantharidin, is a potential anticancer drug. In this study, the effects of NCTD on the cellular viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and DNA damage in the human breast cancer cell line Bcap-37 were investigated with confocal and fluorescence microscopy. ...
Fan Simiao - - 2012
Silibinin is an active constituent extracted from the blessed milk thistle (Silybum marianum). In a previous study, we demonstrated that silibinin treatment induced the generation of reactive nitrogen species (RNS), which were associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS), and caused apoptosis and autophagy in HeLa cells. Another study reported that ...
Lyles S E - - 2012
This study evaluated the in vitro activity of masitinib mesylate against canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA) cell lines after treatment with increasing concentrations of masitinib mesylate (0.01-100 µM) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Results indicated that masitinib mesylate caused a dose- and time-dependent decrease in HSA cell proliferation. The 50% inhibitory concentration ...
Tsukada Tomoya - - 2012
Peritoneal dissemination is the most frequent metastatic pattern of scirrhous gastric cancer. However, despite extensive research effort, disease outcomes have not improved sufficiently. Tumor progression and metastasis result from interactions between cancer and various cells in the stroma, including endothelial cells, immune cells and fibroblasts. Fibroblasts have been particularly well ...
Suresh Challa C Department of Natural Sciences, Savannah State University, Savannah, GA 31404, - - 2012
Aggregated amyloid peptides (AP), major components of senile plaques, have been considered to play a very important and crucial role in the development and neuro-pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present in vitro, study the synergistic effects of Pb(2+), a heavy metal, and AP on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y ...
Breus Natalia A - - 2012
The search for new phosphate accumulating microorganisms is of interest in connection with the problem of excess phosphate in environment. The ability of some yeast species belonging to ascomycetes and basidiomycetes for phosphate (P(i) ) accumulation in nitrogen deficient medium was studied. The ascomycetous Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kuraishia capsulata and ...
Aureli Massimo - - 2012
We detected significant levels of β-glucosidase, β-galactosidase, sialidase Neu3 and sphingomyelinase activities associated with the plasma membrane of fibroblasts from normal and Niemann-Pick subjects and of cells from breast, ovary, colon and neuroblastoma tumors in culture. All of the cells subjected to ionizing radiations showed an increase of the activity ...
Buoro Sabrina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate analytical performance of Sysmex UF-1000i for peritoneal fluid analysis. METHODS: Functional sensitivity, imprecision, linearity and comparison studies were performed on peritoneal fluids. RESULTS: Total Imprecision was 1.6-4.7%, functional sensitivity 27/μL for white blood cell (WBC) and 32/μL for total nucleated cell (TNC) count. Linearity was excellent up ...
Onishi Hideya - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest types of cancer. Previously, we showed that hypoxia increases invasiveness through upregulation of Smoothened (Smo) transcription in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. Here, we first evaluated whether hypoxia-induced increase in Smo contributes to the proliferation of PDAC cells. We showed that Smo, but ...
Sarkar Shubhashish - - 2012
We recently reported that overexpression of progastrin (PG) in embryonic epithelial cells (HEKmGAS cells) increased proliferation of the cells compared to that of control HEKC cells. Here, we report the novel finding that tumorigenic and metastatic potential of HEKmGAS cells is also increased significantly compared to that of HEKC cells. ...
Pan Zheng-Hong - - 2012
Three new norditerpenoids, castanol A-C (1-3), along with eighteen known diterpenoids, were isolated from Salvia castanea Diels f. pubescens. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic acitivities against five human cancer cell lines. The known compounds neo-tanshinlactone (12) and methyltanshinoate (17) exhibited ...
Zohni Khaled - - 2012
Human spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) play critical roles in life-long maintenance of male fertility and regeneration of spermatogenesis. These cells are expected to provide an important resource for male fertility preservation and restoration. A basic strategy has been proposed to involve harvesting testis biopsy specimens from a cancer patient prior ...
Akudugu John M JM Division of Radiation Research, Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center, University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA. - - 2012
This study uses a three-dimensional cell culture model to investigate lethal bystander effects in human breast cancer cell cultures (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231) treated with (125)I-labeled 5-iodo-2 -deoxyuridine ((125)IdU). These breast cancer cell lines respectively form metastatic xenografts in nude mice in an estrogen-dependent and independent manner. In the present study, these ...
Feng Su Y - - 2012
Glioma is a highly fatal malignant disease and its treatment options are limited. microRNAs represent a novel target for the treatment of cancer. In the present study, we used a lentiviral vector to stably express anti-microRNAs targeting the oncogenic miR-27a in U87 glioma cells. The stable expression of anti-miR-27a significantly ...
Linford Andrea A Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, - - 2012
Rab GTPases define the vesicle trafficking pathways underpinning cell polarization and migration. Here, we find that Rab4, Rab11, and Rab14 and the candidate Rab GDP-GTP exchange factors (GEFs) FAM116A and AVL9 are required for cell migration. Rab14 and its GEF FAM116A localize to and act on an intermediate compartment of ...
Oliver Carrie H CH Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United - - 2012
Lineage commitment studies in mammary glands have focused on identifying cell populations that display stem or progenitor properties. However, the mechanisms that control cell fate have been incompletely explored. Herein we show that zinc finger protein 157 (Zfp157) is required to establish the balance between luminal alveolar pStat5- and Gata-3-expressing ...
Baldwin Thomas J - - 2012
In juvenile cattle, vitamin A deficiency is reported most commonly as a neurological condition; only rarely are there dermatologic manifestations. In the current study, alopecia, severe epidermal and follicular orthokeratosis, and acanthosis due to hypovitaminosis A are reported in 2 of 32 Angus calves, with a third animal suspected. Affected ...
Yang Xia - - 2012
A functional ionic liquid (IL) (IL=4-acetyl-N-butyl pyridinium hexafluorophosphate) was synthesized and conjugated with low toxicity of nanospheres (RBITC@SiO(2)), forming a new kind of fluorescent core-shell ellipsoidal RBITC@SiO(2)-IL nanoparticle. In vitro assay results indicate that particle shape plays an important role in cellular interactions with NPs. Furthermore, the positively charged ellipsoidal ...
Oikawa Tsukasa - - 2012
Osteoclasts fuse to form multinucleated cells during osteoclastogenesis. This process is mediated by dynamic rearrangement of the plasma membrane and cytoskeleton, and it requires numerous factors, many of which have been identified. The underlying mechanism remains obscure, however. In this paper, we show that Tks5, a master regulator of invadopodia ...
Durand Aurélie - - 2012
Intestinal epithelium has the capacity to self-renew and generate differentiated cells through the existence of two types of epithelial stem cells: active crypt base columnar cells (CBCs) and quiescent +4 cells. The behaviors of these cells are regulated both by intrinsic programs and by extrinsic signals sent by neighboring cells, ...
McClendon Mark T - - 2012
There is a great clinical need for tissue engineered blood vessels that could be used to replace or bypass damaged arteries. The success of such grafts will depend strongly on their ability to mimic the cellular and matrix organization found in native arteries, but currently available cell scaffolds such as ...
Ritter Cynthia S - - 2012
Parathyroid oxyphil cells, whose function is unknown, are thought to be derived from chief cells. Oxyphil cells increase in number in parathyroid glands of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are even more abundant in patients receiving treatment for hyperparathyroidism with calcitriol and/or the calcimimetic cinacalcet. We examined oxyphil ...
Metukuri Mallikarjuna R MR Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Glucose stimulates rodent and human β-cell replication, but the intracellular signaling mechanisms are poorly understood. Carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) is a lipogenic glucose-sensing transcription factor with unknown functions in pancreatic β-cells. We tested the hypothesis that ChREBP is required for glucose-stimulated β-cell proliferation. The relative expression of ChREBP was ...
Hammami Ines - - 2012
Major advances in dissecting mechanisms of NO-induced down-regulation of the anti-tumour specific T-cell function have been accomplished during the last decade. In this work, we studied the effects of a NO donor (AT38) on leukaemic Jurkat cell bioenergetics. Culturing Jurkat cells in the presence of AT38 triggered irreversible inhibition of ...
Müller S A - - 2012
Earlier studies indicated that hamster pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma not only derives from ductal/ductular structures but also from cells within the islet. So far unidentified cells within the islet are responsive to the carcinogenic effect of N-nitrosobis (2-oxopropyl) amine (BOP) forming poorly differentiated ductal adenocarcinoma. However, studies indicated a major role ...
Cui Zhihua - - 2012
To study the cytotoxic effects and related signaling pathways of butein on human uveal melanoma cells in vitro. Three human uveal melanoma cell lines (M17, SP6.5, and C918), retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and scleral fibroblasts were treated with butein at different dosages. The effects of butein on cell viability ...
Kim Mikyung M Molecular Therapy Lab, Paik Institute for Clinical Research, Inje University, Busan, Republic of - - 2012
Variations of blood glucose level have been reported to be more harmful than sustained high glucose, but the effects on pancreatic β-cells have not yet been clarified. FOXO transcription factors are important for cell fate. We tried to clarify the effect of glucose variability on INS-1 cells, and the potential ...
Wang Qiang - - 2012
Birc5 (previously known as survivin) is a cancer-specific protein. Due to the upregulation of its expression in various human malignancies and its key role in apoptosis, proliferation and angiogenesis, Birc5 has attracted attention as a target for anticancer therapies. In this study, when Birc5 was silenced in HepG2 cells, 29.7±3.3% ...
Weissmüller Sabrina - - 2012
TGN1412, a superagonistic CD28-specific antibody, was shown to require Fc-crosslinking or immobilization as a prerequisite to mediate T cell proliferation and cytokine release in vitro. We used primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to study their ability to induce activation of TGN1412-treated T cells. We confirmed that peripheral primary ...
Buchheit Cassandra L - - 2012
The metastasis of cancer cells to distant sites is responsible for the vast majority of cancer mortalities yet the molecular mechanisms underlying this extraordinarily complicated process have yet to be sufficiently elucidated. Recently, it has become clear that cancer cells need to inhibit anoikis, a cell death program induced by ...
Rao Sanjeev Shyam - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine hematological profile of sickle cell disease (SCD) from Surat, South Gujarat, India. This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics and Sickle Cell Anemia Laboratory, Faculty of Pathology, Government Medical College, Surat, India, between July 2009 and December 2010. ...
López Sambrooks Cecilia - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of proteins are important for the regulation of cell fate and functions; one of these post-translational modifications is arginylation. We have previously established that calreticulin (CRT), an endoplasmic reticulum resident, is also one of the arginylated substrates found in the cytoplasm. In the present study, we describe that ...
Pugnaloni Armanda - - 2012
Mineral fibers are potential carcinogens to humans. In order to help clarify the etiology of the pathological effects of asbestos, cellular reactions to natural and synthetic asbestos fibers were compared using a lung alveolar cancer cell line (A549 epithelial cells), considered the first target of inhaled micro-environmental contaminants. Natural asbestos ...
Yoshida Midori - - 2012
In palatogenesis, bilateral palatal shelves grow and fuse with each other to establish mesenchyme continuity across the horizontal palate. The palatal shelves are covered with the medial edge epithelium (MEE) in which most apical cells are periderm cells. We investigated localization and roles of tight junction (TJ) and adherens junction ...
Hertrampf Anke - - 2012
Triterpenoids from birch bark, like betulin, seem to have an anticancer potential which needs to be further investigated. Aim of this study was first to explore whether a cyclodextrin-solubilised triterpenoid extract (STE) from birch bark induces selective cytotoxic effects in primary liver cancer cells compared to healthy human hepatocytes. Second, ...
Metwaly Hamdy - - 2012
It is poorly understood which cell type, tumor cells, or stromal cells are responsible for the production of extracellular matrix molecules in the neoplastic stroma. We studied the expression of 4 extracellular matrix molecules at the protein and messenger RNA levels in monocellular and 2 kinds of coculture systems between ...
Brinch Marie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Different fetal cell types have been found in the maternal blood during pregnancy in the past, but fetal cells are scarce, and the proportions of the different cell types are unclear. The objective of the present study was to identify specific fetal cell markers from fetal cells found in ...
He Hongshan - - 2012
8-Hydroxylquinoline (OQ) is demonstrated for the first time as a strong alternative anchoring group porphyrin dyes to improve the long-term stability of solar cells.
Sengupta Amitabha - - 2012
The neurotransmitter dopamine is known to inhibit prolactin (PRL) secretion and the proliferation of lactotropes in the pituitary gland. Dopamine-2 (D2) receptors short (D2S) isoform is expressed in a reduced level while the D2 receptor long (D2L) isoform is expressed in an elevated level during estradiol (E2)-induced PRL production and ...
Malla Rama Rao - - 2012
Glioblastomas present as diffuse tumors with invasion into normal brain tissue and frequently recur or progress after radiation as focal masses because of glioma-initiating cells. The role of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and cathepsin B in stem-like phenotype has been extensively studied in several solid tumors. In the ...
Liu Zhonghua - - 2012
Our previous studies had revealed that the dysregulation of manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) expression was a frequent event in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and may be associated with enhanced metastatic potential. To further evaluate the mechanism of SOD2-mediated metastasis in TSCC, TSCC cell lines with different metastatic potentials (i.e., ...
Mouri Kousuke - - 2012
Planar cell polarity (PCP) refers to the coordination of global organ axes and individual cell polarity in vertebrate and invertebrate epithelia. Mechanisms of PCP have been best studied in the Drosophila wing, in which each epidermal cell produces a single wing hair at the distal cell edge, and this spatial ...
Ebina Satoko - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the influence of umbilical cord blood (CB) acid-base status and gas values on the yield of mononuclear cells and CD34(+) cells, pH, pCO(2) , pO(2) , HCO(3) (-) and base excess were measured in arterial CB samples obtained from normal full-term deliveries. The relationship of these values ...
Demmerle Justin - - 2012
Organization of the genome is critical for maintaining cell-specific gene expression, ensuring proper cell function. It is well established that the nuclear lamina preferentially associates with repressed chromatin. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying repressive chromatin formation and maintenance at the nuclear lamina remain poorly understood. Here we show that emerin ...
Lima Patrícia D A - - 2012
uNK cells differ from cNK cells, as they produce angiogenic molecules critical for normal implantation site development. We evaluated heterogeneity among DBA(+)uNK cells for Prf, Gzma, and Vegfa. Ctsd and Srgn expression was used to assign intracellular sorting of these molecules on gd7, -9, and -14. Vegfa was present in ...
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