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Collicutt Nancy B - - 2012
Degree of polychromasia and reticulocyte counts are commonly used in veterinary medicine to evaluate response to anemia. The quantitative association between these 2 measurements has not been evaluated. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare automated reticulocyte percents and counts with those of polychromatophilic cells on blood films ...
Spina Annamaria - - 2012
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant primary bone tumor in children and adolescents. The clinical outcome for osteosarcoma remains discouraging despite aggressive surgery and intensive radiotherapy and chemotherapy regimens. Thus, novel therapeutic approaches are needed. Previously, we have shown that inorganic phosphate (Pi) inhibits proliferation and aggressiveness of human osteosarcoma ...
Miranda Moyses Dos Santos Mdos - - 2012
Abstract Cell death by apoptosis is considered to be irreversible. However, reports have indicated that its reversibility is possible if the cells have not yet reached the "point of no return." In order to add new information about this topic, we used cells at different moments of apoptotic process as ...
Perotti C - - 2012
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been implicated in the control of proliferation, tissue formation, and differentiation. BMPs regulate the biology of stem and progenitor cells and can promote cellular differentiation, depending on the cell type and context. Although the BMP pathway is known to be involved in early embryonic development ...
Benitez Cecil M CM Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5329, - - 2012
The relentless nature and increasing prevalence of human pancreatic diseases, in particular, diabetes mellitus and adenocarcinoma, has motivated further understanding of pancreas organogenesis. The pancreas is a multifunctional organ whose epithelial cells govern a diversity of physiologically vital endocrine and exocrine functions. The mechanisms governing the birth, differentiation, morphogenesis, growth, ...
Rossa Jan - - 2012
Tight junctions (TJs) regulate paracellular barriers and claudins (Cld) form the backbone of TJ strands. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of claudin polymer formation, TJs were reconstituted by claudin transfection of TJ-free HEK293 cells. Therewith, typical TJ stands can be found at cell-cell contacts. In addition, overexpression of Cld5-YFP induces ...
Kowalski Wojciech - - 2012
Cancer cells prefer anaerobic ATP synthesis, regardless of the availability of oxygen. It has been hypothesized that in these cells, glycolytic enzymes associate into a large complex, which results in an increased efficiency of glycolytic flux. However, there is no convincing in vivo evidence supporting this hypothesis. Here, we show ...
Decaris Martin - - 2012
Cells in culture deposit a complex extracellular matrix which remains intact following decellularization and possesses the capacity to modulate cell phenotype. The direct application of such decellularized matrices (DMs) to 3-D substrates is problematic, as transport issues influence the homogeneous deposition, decellularization, and modification of DM surface coatings. In an ...
Bukauskas Feliksas F - - 2012
We examined the permeability of connexin36 (Cx36) homotypic gap junction (GJ) channels, expressed in neurons and β-cells of the pancreas, to dyes differing in molecular mass and net charge. Experiments were performed in HeLa cells stably expressing Cx36 tagged with EGFP by combining a dual whole-cell voltage clamp and fluorescence ...
Long Tian - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate the in vitro degradation of electrolytically deposited calcium phosphate coatings in the presence of osteoclast-like cells. Titanium alloy plates electrolytically coated with calcium phosphate with or without chitosan were incubated with RAW264.7 cells for 14 days. The TRAP activity was measured and the cell ...
Jemaá Mohamed - - 2012
Reversine is a small synthetic molecule that inhibits multiple mitotic kinases, including MPS1 as well as Aurora kinase A and B (AURKA and AURKB). Here, we investigated the effects of reversine on p53-deficient vs p53-proficient cancer cells. We found that low doses (~0.5 µM) of reversine, which selectively inhibit MPS1 ...
Swaminathan Iyer K - - 2012
A significant change of surface features of malignant cervical epithelial cells compared to normal cells has been previously reported. Here, we are studying the question at which progressive stage leading to cervical cancer the surface alteration happens. A non-traditional method to identify malignant cervical epithelial cells in vitro, which is ...
Chen Wei-Yun - - 2012
MiR-210 is induced by hypoxia and plays different roles in the development of certain cancers. However, little is known about its role in pancreatic cancer (PC). This study aimed to explore the induction and modulation of PC by miR-210 and its potential molecular targets. PC cells were cultured under normoxic ...
Gemel Joanna - - 2012
Many tissues express multiple gap junction proteins, or connexins (Cx); for example, Cx43, Cx40, and Cx37 are coexpressed in vascular cells. This study was undertaken to elucidate the consequences of coexpression of Cx40 or Cx37 with Cx43 at different ratios. EcR-293 cells (which endogenously produce Cx43) were transfected with ecdysone-inducible ...
Guo Ruo Mi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of highly efficient and controllable stem cell labelling for cellular MRI. METHODS: A new class of cationic, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION)-loaded nanovesicles was synthesised to label rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells without secondary transfection agents. The optimal labelling conditions and controllability were assessed, ...
Pingaew Ratchanok - - 2012
Tungstosilicic acid hydrate was employed as an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of bisindolylmethanes 4 using the Friedel-Crafts reaction of N-sulfonyl tryptamine 5 with various aromatic aldehydes, except 3-formylindole. In the excluding case, tris-indolylmethane 7 was formed via a sequential addition-elimination-addition process. The bioactivity test revealed that the phenolic hydroxyl ...
Yamamoto Kazunori K Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, - - 2012
To understand molecular mechanisms underlying photobleaching of the RPE fluorophores responsible for fundus autofluorescence. ARPE-19 cells were allowed to accumulate the bisretinoid, A2E, and were irradiated at 430 nm. For some experiments, the cells were pretreated with vitamin E or sulforaphane and N-acetylcysteine; samples included A2E-free cells. The cells were ...
Yang You Bing - - 2012
The current study was conducted to evaluate the functions of μ-calpain (CAPN1), calpastatin, HSPs (heat shock proteins), and caspases during myogenesis and cell death induced by sodium azide (NaN(3)) hypoxia. The cell samples were divided into three groups: satellite cells formed at confluent monolayer (stage 1), stage 1 cells fusion ...
Alexander Lindsey S - - 2012
Satellite cell activity is necessary for postnatal skeletal muscle growth. Severe phosphate (PO(4)) deficiency can alter satellite cell activity, however the role of neonatal PO(4) nutrition on satellite cell biology remains obscure. Twenty-one piglets (1 day of age, 1.8 ± 0.2 kg BW) were pair-fed liquid diets that were either ...
Hatori Yuta - - 2012
Cells use the redox properties of copper in numerous physiologic processes, including antioxidant defense, neurotransmitter biosynthesis, and angiogenesis. Copper delivery to the secretory pathway is an essential step in copper utilization and homeostatic maintenance. We demonstrate that the glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) pair controls the copper transport pathway by regulating the ...
Calmon Marilia Freitas - - 2012
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (magnetite) (MNPs) were prepared using different organic and inorganic bases. Strong inorganic base (KOH) and organic bases (NH(4)OH and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO)) were used in the syntheses of the MNPs. The MNPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) ...
Andrew Trisha L - - 2012
P3HT/PC61BM bulk heterojunction solar cells containing varying amounts of different 6,6-dicyanofulvenes (DCFs) were fabricated and characterized. Photovoltaic cells containing ternary mixtures of P3HT, 0.5 eq PC61BM, and 0.5 eq 1,4-dimethyl-2,3-diphenyl-DCF (by weight) displayed average power conversion efficiencies of up to 4.5% under AM 1.5 irradiation, compared to 2.9% for reference ...
Yedjou Clement G - - 2012
Treatment of diseases with synthetic materials has been an aspiration of mankind since the dawn of human development. In this research, three complex compounds of azamacrocycle (TD1, TD2, and TD3) were synthesized, and experiments were conducted to determine whether their toxicity to human liver carcinoma (HepG(2) ) cells is associated ...
Hsiao Chih-Cheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Expression of toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) on tumor cells is known to mediate innate immune responses that influence tumor cell growth and migration. This study aimed to characterize TLR4 expression and elucidate its functional significance in human hepatoblastoma (HB) cells. PROCEDURE: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to determine TLR4 expression level ...
Di Shengmeng - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effects of different apparent gravities (μg, 1g and 2g) produced by large gradient high magnetic field (LGHMF) on human preosteoclast FLG29.1 cells. Materials and methods: FLG29.1 cells were cultured in Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) -1640 medium. Cells were exposed to LGHMF for ...
Yan Jidong - - 2012
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, and low Se intake in Se-deficient areas plays roles in an endemic osteochondropathy characterized by chondronecrosis in growth plate and articular cartilage. However, the biological activities of Se on cartilage are largely unknown. In this study, we examined the effects of Se on chondrogenic ...
Villegas-Comonfort Socrates - - 2012
Arachidonic acid (AA) is a common dietary n-6 cis polyunsaturated fatty acid that under physiological conditions is present in an esterified form in cell membrane phospholipids, and it might be present in the extracellular microenvironment. AA and its metabolites are implicated in FAK activation and cell migration in MDA-MB-231 breast ...
Gehring Marina Petersen - - 2012
Gliomas are the most lethal tumors of central nervous system. ATP is an important signaling molecule in CNS and it is a selective P2X7 purinergic receptor ligand at high concentrations. Herein, we investigated whether the activation of P2X7R might be implicated in death of a radiosensitive human glioma lineage. The ...
Chutipongtanate Somchai - - 2012
Hypercalciuria is associated with kidney stone formation and impaired renal function. However, responses of renal tubular cells upon exposure to high-calcium environment remain largely unknown. We thus performed a proteomic analysis of altered proteins in renal tubular cells induced by high-calcium and evaluated functional significance of these changes. MDCK cells ...
Harder Jennifer L - - 2012
During epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), cells modulate expression of proteins resulting in loss of apical-basal polarity. Effectors of this EMT switch target the polarity protein Crumbs3a, a small transmembrane protein that is essential for generation of the apical membrane and tight junctions of mammalian epithelial cells. We previously showed ...
Tsuji Toshikazu - - 2012
"Fishy aftertaste" is sometimes perceived in wine consumed with seafood. Iron in wine has been reported to be a key compound that produces fishy aftertaste. However, cost-effective methods to remove iron from wine have not been developed. Here, we describe a cost-effective and safe iron adsorbent consisting of alcohol-treated yeast ...
Zhang Xiuli - - 2012
Zinc (Zn) plays an important role in preventing many types of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-driven fibrosis in vivo. But its function in the EMT of the peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) remains unknown. Here, we studied the Zn effect on the high glucose (HG)-induced EMT in the rat PMCs (RPMCs) and the ...
Hosoya Masaki - - 2012
The beta cells of the pancreatic islets, which maintain glucose homeostasis by secreting insulin, are important cells for sustaining life. In recent years, islet transplantation has been performed as a treatment for type I diabetes. Since there are not enough donors for patients awaiting transplantation, beta cells grown in vitro ...
Ji Wen-Tsai - - 2012
Arecoline, the major alkaloid of areca nut, has been shown to cause strong genotoxicity and is considered a potential carcinogen. However, the detailed mechanism for arecoline-induced carcinogenesis remains obscure. In this study, we noticed that the levels of p21 and p27 increased in two oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines ...
Song Kyungyoung - - 2012
Cytokinesis is the process of partitioning the cytoplasm of a dividing cell, thereby completing mitosis. Cytokinesis in the plant cell is achieved by the formation of a new cell wall between daughter nuclei using components carried in Golgi-derived vesicles that accumulate at the midplane of the phragmoplast and fuse to ...
Dixon Scott J - - 2012
Nonapoptotic forms of cell death may facilitate the selective elimination of some tumor cells or be activated in specific pathological states. The oncogenic RAS-selective lethal small molecule erastin triggers a unique iron-dependent form of nonapoptotic cell death that we term ferroptosis. Ferroptosis is dependent upon intracellular iron, but not other ...
Culbreth Megan E - - 2012
There is a need to develop rapid and efficient models to screen chemicals for their potential to cause developmental neurotoxicity. Use of in vitro neuronal models, including human cells, is one approach that allows for timely, cost-effective toxicity screening. The present study compares the sensitivity of human (ReN CX) and ...
Vittorio Orazio - - 2012
PURPOSE: A polysaccharide-flavonoid conjugate was developend and proposed for the treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: The conjugate was synthesized by free radical grafting reaction between catechin and dextran. The chemical characterization of the conjugate was obtained by UV-Vis, 1H-NMR, FT-IR and GPC analyses, while the functionalization degree was ...
Gacar A - - 2012
A 2-day-old Simmental calf with arthrogryposis and astasia was subjected to necropsy examination. The calf was normoglycaemic and normoinsulinaemic. Microscopically, pancreatic tissue was hyperplastic with an irregular lobular arrangement of pancreatic islets. Newly-formed islet cells budded from intralobular or intercalated ducts (so-called ductulo-insular complexes) and there were prominent blood vessels ...
Qu Wei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studies link cadmium to human pancreatic cancer. Evidence suggests that cancer is a stem cell (SC)-based disease involving formation of cancer SCs (CSCs) potentially arising from transformation of normal SCs. OBJECTIVE: We studied cadmium-exposure of human pancreatic ductal epithelial (HPDE) cells and whether SCs may be targeted in this ...
Lee Jae Seong - - 2012
Rapamycin, a specific mTOR inhibitor, has been used as a chemical activator in autophagy research both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, autophagy has received attention as an anti-cell death engineering target in addition to apoptosis in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell engineering field. Here, the effect of rapamycin ...
Fong Vai-Hong - - 2012
Background and Objective: Misfolded and aggregated transthyretins (agTTR) contribute to neurodegenerative amyloid diseases such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy and senile systemic amyloidosis. The neurotoxicity mechanisms of agTTR, however, are not well understood. In the current study, the possible contribution of reactive nitrogen species (RNS) to such mechanisms was investigated by ...
Rathore Moeez G - - 2012
Cancer cells have elevated aerobic glycolysis that is termed the Warburg effect. But several tumor cells, including leukemic cells, also increase glutamine metabolism, which is initiated by glutaminase (GLS). The microRNA (miRNA) miR-23 targets GLS mRNA and inhibits expression of GLS protein. Here we show that in human leukemic Jurkat ...
Nardi James B - - 2012
The architectural ground plan of beetle and other insect midguts is represented by a monolayer of epithelial cells arranged in a cylindrical configuration. Proliferation and differentiation of regenerative cells maintain the integrity of this monolayer in the face of continual losses of individual cells through cytoplasmic budding and/or expulsion of ...
Bandara T M W J - - 2012
Quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells have drawn the attention of scientists and technologists as a potential candidate to supplement future energy needs. The conduction of iodide ions in quasi-solid-state polymer electrolytes and the performance of dye sensitized solar cells containing such electrolytes can be enhanced by incorporating iodides having appropriate cations. ...
Molinas Sara Maria - - 2012
Mitochondrial ammonia synthesis in proximal tubules and its urinary excretion are key components of the renal response to maintain acid-base balance during metabolic acidosis. Since aquaporin-8 (AQP8) facilitates transport of ammonia and is localized in inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) of renal proximal cells, we hypothesized that AQP8-facilitated mitochondrial ammonia transport ...
Koch Yvonne - - 2012
A nonphysiological placental oxidative environment has been implicated in many complications during human pregnancy. Oxygen tension can influence a broad spectrum of molecular changes leading to alterations in trophoblast cell lineage development. In this study we report that mouse wild type trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) react to low oxygen (3%) ...
Corbo Claudia - - 2012
The cancer stem cell (CSC) theory represents a breakthrough in cancer research. We characterized the protein pattern of CSCs to identify specific intracellular pathways in this subpopulation of tumor cells. We studied colon CSCs using two different colon cancer cell lines: CaCo-2 and HCT-116. Putative CSCs were separated from non-CSCs ...
Lin Xu-Yong - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma is a tumor derived from primitive respiratory epithelium, but its character and the differentiation status of the two cell types (polygonal and cuboidal) composing the lesion are still controversial. We hypothesize that the polygonal cells are immature compared with cuboidal cells and ...
Kim Jae Hak JH M - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIM: S100A8/A9 and myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment play an important role in cancer invasion and progression, and the effect of tumor-infiltrated myofibroblasts on myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment is relatively unknown. Accordingly, we investigated the role of myofibroblasts in the upregulation of S100A8/A9 as well as in ...
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