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Results 251 - 300 of 2838
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Wang Jing - - 2012
Sirtuins (SIRTs), NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylases (HDACs), play an important role in the regulation of cell division, survival and senescence. Although a number of effective SIRT inhibitors have been developed, little is known about the specific mechanisms of their anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the anticancer effects ...
Qureshi N - - 2012
Five reactor systems (free cell batch, free cell continuous, entrapped cell immobilized, adsorbed cell packed bed, and cell recycle membrane reactors) were compared for ethanol production from xylose employing Escherichia coli FBR5. In the free cell batch and free cell continuous reactors (continuous stirred tank reactor - CSTR) productivities of ...
Cleveland Megan H - - 2012
This review summarizes our current understanding of exocrine pancreas development, including the formation of acinar, ductal and centroacinar cells. We discuss the transcription factors associated with various stages of exocrine differentiation, from multipotent progenitor cells to fully differentiated acinar and ductal cells. Within the branching epithelial tree of the embryonic ...
Tripathi Pratima - - 2012
A better understanding of molecular pathways involved in malignant transformation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is essential for the development of novel and efficient anti-cancer drugs. To delineate the global metabolism of HNSCC, we report (1)H NMR-based metabolic profiling of HNSCC cells from five different patients that ...
Surichan Somchaiya - - 2012
Recent studies have demonstrated cytochrome P450 CYP1-mediated metabolism and CYP1-enzyme induction by naturally occurring flavonoids in cancer cell line models. The arising metabolites often exhibit higher activity than the parent compound. In the present study we investigated the CYP1-mediated metabolism of the citrus polymethoxyflavone nobiletin by recombinant CYP1 enzymes and ...
Utispan Kusumawadee - - 2012
Periostin (PN) is mainly produced from stromal fibroblasts in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and shows strong impact in cancer promotion. This work aimed to investigate the mechanism that PN uses to drive CCA invasion. It was found that ITGα5β1 and α6β4 showed high expression in non-tumorigenic biliary epithelial cells and in almost ...
Lyng F M - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of serum serotonin levels in the measurement of bystander cell death. The study was undertaken as part of an intercomparison exercise involving seven European laboratories funded under the European Union Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) Non-Targeted Effects (NOTE) integrated ...
McLenachan Samuel - - 2012
The proper differentiation and threat of cancer rising from the application of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are major bottlenecks in the field and are thought to be inherently linked to the pluripotent nature of iPS cells. To address this question, we have compared iPS cells to embryonic stem cells ...
Xu Zhong-Ye - - 2012
We aimed to investigate the role of the ABCG2 transporter in the efficacy of sonodynamic therapy (SDT) with Photofrin in the glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) isolated and cultured from U251 glioma cells. Immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry analyses showed that ABCG2 was overexpressed in GSCs, and the percentage of ABCG2-positive GSCs ...
Nlend Rachel Nlend - - 2012
The insulin-producing β cells of pancreatic islets are coupled by connexin36 (Cx36) channels. To investigate what controls the expression of this connexin, we have investigated its pattern during mouse pancreas development, and the influence of three transcription factors that are critical for β-cell development and differentiation. We show that (1) ...
Li Xu-Yuan - - 2012
We investigated the apoptosis-inducing effect of zoledronic acid in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell HNE-1 and explore the potential mechanism. Human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell HNE-1 was exposed to various concentrations (0-40 μmol/L) of zoledronic acid. Cell proliferation was studied by an MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry and TdT-mediated ...
Liu Zuojia - - 2012
Background: Gallic acid (GA) is a plant phenol isolated from water caltrop which is reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. In this study, the antiproliferative effect of GA on human pancreatic cancer cell lines CFPAC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 as well as hepatocytes HL-7702 as normal cells was examined. Particularly, the ...
Jhurry Nema D - - 2012
The speciation of iron in intact human Jurkat leukemic cells and their isolated mitochondria was assessed using biophysical methods. Large-scale cultures were grown in medium enriched with (57)Fe citrate. Mitochondria were isolated anaerobically to prevent oxidation of iron centers. 5 K Mössbauer spectra of cells were dominated by a sextet ...
Wen Du D National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2012
Although bulk endocytosis has been found in a number of neuronal and endocrine cells, the molecular mechanism and physiological function of bulk endocytosis remain elusive. In pancreatic beta cells, we have observed bulk-like endocytosis evoked both by flash photolysis and trains of depolarization. Bulk-like endocytosis is a clathrin-independent process that ...
Thakur Basant Kumar - - 2012
Inactivation of p53 protein by endogenous and exogenous carcinogens is involved in the pathogenesis of different human malignancies. In cancer associated with SV-40 DNA tumor virus, p53 is considered to be non-functional mainly due to its interaction with the large T-antigen. Using the 293T cell line (HEK293 cells transformed with ...
Moghadasali Reza - - 2012
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the capacity to regenerate renal tubule epithelia and repair renal function without fusing with resident tubular cells. The goal of the present project was to investigate the role of MSCs secreted cytokines on tubule cell viability and regeneration after a toxic insult, using ...
Uppala Padma T - - 2012
Lycopene, a red pigmented carotenoid present in many fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, has been associated with the reduced risk of breast cancer. This study sought to identify proteins modulated by lycopene during cell proliferation of the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 to gain an understanding into its mechanism ...
Kim Jung - - 2012
Cell lysis is an essential task for the detection of intracellular components. In this work, we introduce novel microfluidic devices integrated with patterned one-dimensional nanostructure arrays for facile and high-throughput mechanical cell lysis. The geometry of the hydrothermally grown ZnO nanowires, characterised by sharp tips and high aspect ratios, aids ...
Lesniak Anna - - 2012
Nanoparticles enter the cells through active processes, thanks to their capability of interacting with the cellular machinery. The protein layer (corona) which forms on their surface once nanoparticles are in contact with biologic fluids, such as the cell serum, mediates the interactions with cells in situ. As a consequence of ...
Inal Murat - - 2012
In this study, immobilization conditions and bioethanol production characteristics of immobilized Saccharomyces bayanus were investigated into sodium alginate-graft-poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone; NaAlg-g-PVP) matrix. The matrix that crosslinked with calcium clorid was used for immobilization of S. bayanus. Bioethanol productivity of the NaAlg-g-PVP matrix was found to increase from 4.21 to 4.84 gL(-1) h(-1) when compared ...
Yehudai Dana - - 2012
We aim to investigate the additive value of BAFF when added to ODN- activated B cells with respect to TLR-9, CD69, MHC-II expression, IL-6 and IL-10 secretion, and B cell cycling. Therefore, B cells from healthy individuals were incubated under the following conditions: 1) B cells with medium, 2) B ...
Lee Jae Man - - 2012
Baculoviral expression systems, including those of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), are used for recombinant protein production. Four B. mori-derived (BmN4, Bm5, Bmc140, and Bme21) cell lines were infected with recombinant BmNPV viruses expressing firefly luciferase or EGFP as reporters under the control of a viral polyhedrin ...
Hayashi Keitaro - - 2012
Tumor cells take up a massive amount of nutrition compared to normal cells for increased metabolism. Therefore, special transporters for organic materials are required to satisfy the powerful consumption of nutrition in tumor cells. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) incorporates large neutral amino acids, most of which are also ...
Li Yingmin - - 2012
Nurr1 is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, and is involved in regulating the differentiation, migration and maturation of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. The present study was designed to observe Nurr1 protein expression patterns during rat retina development. Immunohistochemical double staining, fluorescence double staining and western blotting were used. The ...
Mrklic Ivana - - 2012
The ability of the peritoneum to undergo metaplasia, especially to Müllerian-type epithelium has been recognized for a long time. The ability of mesothelial cells to modulate cytoskeletal filaments and shape is provided through the distinct form of subserosal cells, called multipotential subserosal cells, that have the function of replicative cells ...
Robin Tyler P - - 2012
Ewing sarcoma is an aggressive pediatric cancer of the bone and soft tissue, in which patients whose tumors have a poor histologic response to initial chemotherapy have a poor overall prognosis. Therefore, it is important to identify molecules involved in resistance to chemotherapy. Herein, we show that the DNA repair ...
Kim Ji Eun - - 2012
Schisandra chinensis (S. chinensis) plants are extensively used because of their anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antihepatic activities. However, their active compounds remain to be clearly determined. In this study, we investigated the antitumor functions of α-iso-cubebenol (αIC) isolated from S. chinensis using HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. HepG2 cells were exposed ...
Santos-Silva Junia Carolina - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the cellular distribution of junctional proteins and the dependence on cell-cell contacts of pancreatic beta cells during animal development. Fetus and newborn rat islets, which display a relatively poor insulin secretory response to glucose, present an immature morphology and cytoarchitecture when compared with young and ...
Lupescu Adrian - - 2012
The pesticide rotenone stimulates apoptosis and rotenone intoxication has been considered a cause of Parkinsońs disease. Rotenone further sensitizes tumour cells to cytotoxic drugs. The apoptotic effect of rotenone is at least partially due to mitochondrial injury. Even though lacking mitochondria and nuclei, erythrocytes may undergo eryptosis, an apoptosis-like suicidal ...
Horváthy Dénes Balázs - - 2012
Cell therapy holds the promise for a novel modality in the surgical toolkit; however, delivery of cells into damaged soft tissues constitutes a challenge. The authors hypothesized that growing stem cells on the surface of absorbable sutures in vitro and then implanting them via stitching would be a suitable delivery ...
John Stanislav - - 2012
The roles of autophagic cell death and apoptosis induced by topoisomerase inhibitor irinotecan in colon cancer cells with deleted p53 were investigated during 48 h. We report that irinotecan-dependent cytotoxicity and proapoptotic activity were reduced in the present model while autophagy levels significantly increased. Upon p53 transfection, cell demise rates ...
Bersani Sara - - 2012
A novel non-peptide, multi-armed oligo-arginyl derivative was engineered as a cell-penetration enhancer for the delivery of bioactive macromolecules and colloidal drug systems. Hepta-arginyl-maltotriosylamido-N-acetyl-dodecanoyl acid (Arg7-Malt-NAcC12 acid) was synthesized through a carefully designed multi-step chemical protocol, as follows: 1. maltotriose derivatization with 12-amino-dodecanoic acid and acetylation of the free amino group; ...
Baba Masaya - - 2012
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cutaneous fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts, and kidney malignancies. Affected individuals carry germ line mutations in folliculin (FLCN), a tumor suppressor gene that becomes biallelically inactivated in kidney tumors by second-hit mutations. Similar to other factors implicated in kidney cancer, FLCN has ...
Kanaya Takashi - - 2012
Intestinal microfold cells (M cells) are an enigmatic lineage of intestinal epithelial cells that initiate mucosal immune responses through the uptake and transcytosis of luminal antigens. The mechanisms of M-cell differentiation are poorly understood, as the rarity of these cells has hampered analysis. Exogenous administration of the cytokine RANKL can ...
Delie Florence - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to target ovarian cancer cells by coupling paclitaxel (Tx)-loaded nanoparticles (NPs-Tx) to antibodies against KDEL sequence, able to recognize GRP94 and GRP78 that are located at cell surface in cancer cells whereas they are in the endoplasmic reticulum in healthy cells. Tx-loaded poly (DL-lactic ...
Muñoz Christian - - 2012
In this work, evidence for a critical role of Trichomonas vaginalis protein phosphatase 1 γ (TvPP1 γ) in proliferation and attachment of the parasite to the mammalian cell is provided. Firstly, proliferation and attachment of T. vaginalis parasites to HeLa cells was blocked by calyculin A (CA), a potent PP1 ...
Broeders Jessica - - 2012
The intestinal transport of compounds can be measured in vitro with Caco-2 cell monolayers. We took a closer look at the exposure and fate of a chemical in the Caco-2 cell assay, includ-ing the effect of protein binding. Transport of chlorpromazine (CPZ) was measured in the absorptive and secretory di-rection, ...
Kalbacova Marie - - 2012
The influence of single-layer graphene produced by chemical vapor deposition on human osteoblast cells under different conditions was studied. Measurements probed the ability of cells to adhere and proliferate on graphene compared with SiO(2) /Si substrates and standard tissue culture plastic when cells were incubated for the first 2 h ...
Hu Jia-Biao - - 2012
Glycoproteins have been implicated in a wide variety of important biochemical and biological functions, including protein stability, immune function, enzymatic function, cellular adhesion and others. Unfortunately, there is no therapeutic protein produced in insect system to date, due to the expressed glycoproteins are paucimannosidic N-glycans, rather than the complex, terminally ...
Gonzalez Pardo Verónica - - 2012
The hormonally active form of vitamin D(3), 1α,25(OH)(2)-vitamin D(3), acts in intestine, its major target tissue, where its actions are of regulatory and developmental importance: regulation of intracellular calcium through modulation of second messengers and activation of mitogenic cascades leading to cell proliferation. Several causes have been postulated to modify ...
Guo Haiying - - 2012
Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells responsible for coloration of skin and hair. Although the importance of Wnt3a in melanocyte development has been well recognized, the role of Wnt3a in mature melanocytes has not been elucidated. This study was conducted to further explore the effects of Wnt3a on melanocyte proliferation and melanogenesis, ...
Hawkins Kate - - 2012
We have recently shown that loss of E-cadherin in mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells results in significant alterations to both the transcriptome and hierarchy of pluripotency-associated signalling pathways. Here we show that E-cadherin promotes Klf4 and Nanog transcript and protein expression in mES cells via STAT3 phosphorylation and that β-catenin, ...
Paňková Daniela - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the potential role of NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan in amoeboid morphology and invasiveness of cancer cells. In the highly metastatic amoeboid cell lines A3 and A375M2, siRNA-mediated down-regulation of NG2 induced an amoeboid-mesenchymal transition associated with decreased invasiveness in 3D collagen and ...
Gagliano Nicoletta - - 2012
The aim of this study is to characterize the phenotype of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells in relation to the expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and determine whether ukrain, an anticancer drug based on the alkaloids extracted from greater celandine, modulates in vitro the malignant behavior of PDAC cells ...
Goudarzi Mehdi - - 2012
Single-cell migration is a key process in development, homeostasis, and disease. Nevertheless, the control over basic cellular mechanisms directing cells into motile behavior in vivo is largely unknown. Here, we report on the identification of a minimal set of parameters the regulation of which confers proper morphology and cell motility. Zebrafish ...
Pratt Jonathan - - 2012
Pre-clinical trials for cancer therapeutics support the anti-neoplastic properties of the lectin from Canavalia ensiformis (Concanavalin-A, ConA) in targeting apoptosis and autophagy in a variety of cancer cells. Given that MT1-MMP, a plasma membrane-anchored matrix metalloproteinase is a glycoprotein strongly expressed in radioresistant and chemoresistant glioblastoma, mediates pro-apoptotic signalling in ...
Kedar Rotem - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A wide range of hematologic malignancies arises from numerous cell types. In an attempt to offer a new target for treating B-cell malignancies, in this study, the authors tested the possibility of using the CD40/CD40L system as a common targeting system for the various malignancies in this group. METHODS: ...
Calderón Rafael A - - 2012
The behavioral activity of Varroa destructor was observed using transparent cells. Mite oviposition started at 45.0 ± 25.0 h post capping, followed by the next eggs laid at regular 27.3 ± 2.0 h intervals. On the prepupa, mites were found to feed often and there was no preference for a specific segment as a feeding site. ...
Shin Dong Yeok - - 2012
The DNA methyltransferase inhibitor decitabine, 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine, possesses anti-metabolic and anticancer activities in various cancer cells. However, the biochemical mechanisms underlying decitabine-induced inhibition of invasiveness and metastasis have not been thoroughly studied. In this study, we investigated the effect of decitabine on the correlation between tightening of tight junctions (TJs) and ...
Losfeld Marie-Estelle - - 2012
N-glycosylation mediates many biological functions. Genetic defects in the N-glycosylation pathway cause >35 inherited human disorders called congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs). As a result, some N-glycosylation sites are unoccupied. Serum transferrin is a diagnostic marker for these patients, but there are no corresponding cellular markers to assess glycosylation competence. ...
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