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Rodrigues Deivid Decarvalho - - 2012
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were originally generated by forced ectopic expression of four transcription factors genes - OCT4, KLF4, SOX2 and c-MYC - in fibroblasts. However, the efficiency of iPSCs obtention is extremely low, and reprogramming takes about 20 days. We reasoned that adult cells showing basal expression of ...
Bourthoumieu Sylvie - - 2012
The potential effects of radiofrequency (RF) exposure on the genetic material of cells are very important to determine since genome instability of somatic cells may be linked to cancer development. In response to genetic damage, the p53 protein is activated and can induce cell cycle arrest allowing more time for ...
Bocchi Massimo - - 2012
The inverted open microwell is a novel microstructure supporting isolation and trapping of cells, analysis of cell-cell and cell-molecule interactions and functional cell sorting. This work introduces the inverted open microwell concept, demonstrating successful isolation of K562 cells in 75 μm microwells fabricated on a flexible printed circuit board substrate, ...
Soggia A - - 2012
Pancreatic cell development is a tightly controlled process. Although information is available regarding the mesodermal signals that control pancreatic development, little is known about the role of environmental factors such as nutrients, including glucose, on pancreatic development. We previously showed that glucose and its metabolism through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway ...
Kanno Kiminori - - 2012
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a cytoplasmic enzyme that regulates many important biological processes, including cell migration, viral infection and autophagy. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of HDAC6 in the invasion and metastasis activities of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Three HCC cell lines and two primary ...
Suyama Satoshi - - 2012
In adult mammalian brains, neural stem cells (NSCs) exist in the subventricular zone (SVZ), where persistent neurogenesis continues throughout life. Those NSCs produce neuroblasts that migrate into the olfactory bulb via formation of transit-amplifying cells, which are committed precursor cells of the neuronal lineage. In this SVZ niche, cell-cell communications ...
Sakai Shinji - - 2012
We report a method for wrapping tissues with a pre-established cage-like layer composed of living cells. We encapsulated multicellular aggregates of human hepatoma HepG2 cells as a model of tissues such as pancreatic islets and hepatocyte spheroids in alginate-based hydrogel microcapsules and subsequently coated the microcapsule surface with a gelatin ...
Charnley Mirren - - 2012
The apicobasal polarisation of epithelial cells within an epithelium is critical for its function as a selective barrier. Microenvironmental parameters, including cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions, contribute to the initiation and orientation of this polarity. However, it is often non-trivial to decipher the differential effects of these parameters in a controlled ...
Oue Erika - - 2012
To explore the mechanism of bone destruction associated with oral cancer, we identified factors that stimulate osteoclastic bone resorption in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Two clonal cell lines, HSC3-C13 and HSC3-C17, were isolated from the maternal oral cancer cell line, HSC3. The conditioned medium from HSC3-C13 cells showed the highest ...
Lee Sangkyu - - 2012
We present a novel phenotypic readout using inducible, biosynthetic nanoscaffolds to directly visualize dynamic molecular interactions within living cells at the single-cell level with high sensitivity and selectivity. Labeled ferritin is used to form biological nanoparticles inside cells. Specific supramolecular assembly of ferritin-derived nanoparticles induces highly clustered nanoscaffolds. These inducible ...
Yamasaki Takeshi - - 2012
Many studies have recently suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the development of various types of human cancers as well as to their invasive and metastatic capacities. Previously, our miRNA expression signature of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) revealed that microRNA‑138 (miR‑138) was significantly reduced in cancer cells. The aim of ...
Ozdemir Tulay - - 2012
Ouabain is a cardiotonic steroid and specific inhibitor of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. The relationship between ouabain treatment and the unfolded protein response (UPR) in cells is not precisely understood. Therefore, we studied the possible effects of ouabain on proliferation, apoptosis, and the UPR. HepG2 cells were cultured overnight and then treated ...
Muthukrishnan Nandhini - - 2012
Lysis of endocytic organelles is a necessary step in many cellular delivery methodologies. This is achieved efficiently in the photochemical internalization approach but the cell death that accompanies this process remains a problem. We investigate the mechanisms of cell death that accompanies photochemical internalization of the fluorescent peptide TMR-TAT. TMR-TAT ...
Jeffery Jennifer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ultrastructural characterisation of cellular components is a key element in revealing the bases for differences in nutrient bioaccessibility among fruits and vegetables and their derived products. Together, cell walls and chromoplasts constitute the two major physical barriers to carotenoid release from the food matrix (structure) during digestion. In ...
Kitabatake Masahiro - - 2012
To investigate signals that control B cell selection, we examined expression of G5PR, a regulatory subunit of the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A, which suppresses JNK phosphorylation. G5PR is upregulated in activated B cells, in Ki67-negative centrocytes at germinal centers (GCs), and in purified B220(+)Fas(+)GL7(+) mature GC B cells following Ag ...
Tan Jing - - 2012
This study sought to observe transfection of pancreatic cancer cells BxPC-3 with recombinant plasmid pSilencer4.1-cytomegalovirus neo-hTERT-siRNA and examine the combined effect of gemcitabine and siRNA inhibition of telomerase on pancreatic cancer cells. Transfected pancreatic cancer cells BxPC-3 with recombinant plasmid pSilencer4.1-cytomegalovirus neo-hTERT-siRNA were selected as target and divided into 9 ...
Cui Yunfeng Y Department of Pathology, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of death from cancer in the western world. Majority of patients present with advanced unresectable disease responding poorly to most chemotherapeutic agents. Chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer might be improved by adjusting it to individual genetic profiles. We attempt to identify genetic predictors of chemosensitivity ...
Lim Justin W E - - 2012
Mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene are common in both inherited and sporadic forms of colorectal cancer (CRC), and are associated with dysregulated Wnt signaling. Colon carcinoma SW480 cells restored with stable expression of wild-type APC (SW480APC cells) exhibit attenuated Wnt signaling, and reduced tumorigenicity, including ...
Chikamoto Hiroko - - 2012
We report here the case of a girl who developed plasma cell-rich acute rejection (PCAR), a condition characterized by the presence of mature plasma cells infiltrating a renal allograft. The patient's creatinine level increased sharply to 4.3 mg/dL from 0.9 mg/dL at 19 months post-renal transplantation. She showed no response to methylprednisolone pulse ...
Cai Chengzhong - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate if the lentiviral accessory protein Nef can down-regulate the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) in tumor cells and affect tumor cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. HeLa-(ACC) cells, which according to genotype analysis are virtually identical to the cervical cancer-derived HeLa cell line, were transfected with Nef ...
Nagaya Hisao - - 2012
Adenovirus vectors have lately been highlighted in gene therapies. We investigated the oncolytic effects of a chimeric adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) with replacement of Ad5 fiber knob with adenovirus type 35 (Ad35) fiber knob (Ad5F35) on human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The conditionally replicating Ad5F35 vector was constructed and infected ...
Hu Mingxin - - 2012
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used for thousands of years, including treatment for cancer. Use of modern technology and the scientific method to evaluate the efficacy of TCM for cancer should enable its more widespread use. In the present study, the efficacy of the TCM tubeimu, extracted from the ...
Chaotham Chatchai - - 2012
In searching for a safe and effective compound to be used as a chemoprotective agent to prevent toxicity of the anthracyclin doxorubicin to renal cells, the present study demonstrated that plaunotol, a purified acyclic diterpene from Croton stellatopilosus Ohba, showed potential protection against doxorubicin-induced cell death in human proximal tubule ...
Yang Zhili - - 2012
The use of CD133 as a marker for identifying and isolating colon cancer stem cells (CSCs) is controversial. In particular, it is not clear whether the pattern of expression is influenced by the tumor microenvironment. We analysed the expression of CD133 in the SW620 colon cancer cell line, which produces ...
Yamanegi Koji - - 2012
We investigated the effects of valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in combination with hydralazine, a DNA methylation inhibitor, on the expression of cell-surface Fas and MHC-class I-related chain molecules A and B (MICA and B), the ligands of NKG2D which is an activating receptor of NK cells, and ...
Polláková Jana - - 2012
There is an increasing need for rapid and easily interpreted in vitro assays to screen for possible cytotoxicity of pesticides. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the carbamate insecticide bendiocarb on mammalian and insect cell cultures. The cytotoxicity of this insecticide was evaluated by cell ...
Piercey Åkesson Caroline - - 2012
The oral route is considered to be the main entry site of several transmissible spongiform encephalopathies or prion diseases of animals and man. Following natural and experimental oral exposure to scrapie, sheep first accumulate disease associated prion protein (PrP (d) ) in Peyer's patch (PP) lymphoid follicles. In this study, ...
Agathocleous Michalis - - 2012
Unlike healthy adult tissues, cancers produce energy mainly by aerobic glycolysis instead of oxidative phosphorylation. This adaptation, called the Warburg effect, may be a feature of all dividing cells, both normal and cancerous, or it may be specific to cancers. It is not known whether, in a normally growing tissue ...
Yang Youfeng - - 2012
The role of energy deregulation and altered/adapted metabolism in tumor cells is an increasingly important issue in understanding cancer. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is an aggressive form of RCC characterized by germline mutation of fumarate hydratase (FH), followed by somatic loss of the remaining wild-type allele and ...
Adamcic Una - - 2012
Receptors for the angiogenic factor VEGF are expressed by tumor cancer cells including melanoma, although their functionality remains unclear. Paired human melanoma cell lines WM115 and WM239 were used to investigate differences in expression and functionality of VEGF and VEGFR2 in vitro and in vivo with the anti-VEGF antibody bevacizumab. ...
Acuña Ulyana Muñoz - - 2012
As part of an on going investigation of novel anticancer agents from natural origin, the biological and cellular effects of (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol on cancer cells were investigated. The expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), IκB kinase (IKKα), IKKβ and caspase-3 were analyzed by western blot. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) fluorescence ...
Livanos Pantelis - - 2012
Accumulated evidence indicates that ROS fluctuations play a critical role in cell division. Dividing plant cells rapidly respond to them. Experimental disturbance of ROS homeostasis affects: tubulin polymerization; PPB, mitotic spindle and phragmoplast assembly; nuclear envelope dynamics; chromosome separation and movement; cell plate formation. Dividing cells mainly accumulate at prophase ...
Musha Atsushi - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of a heat shock protein 90 inhibitor, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), in combination with X-rays or carbon-ion beams on cell killing in human oral squamous cell carcinoma LMF4 cells. Cell survival was measured by colony formation assay. Cell-cycle distribution was analyzed by ...
Nguyen Phuong Minh - - 2012
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-sensitive transcription factor which is responsible for most 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin toxicities. Without ligand, the AhR complex is cytoplasmic and contains p23. Our objective was to investigate whether the wild type p23 levels are important for the AhR function. We generated eight p23-specific knockdown stable ...
Sandvig Ioanna I MI Lab and Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2012
A crucial issue in transplant-mediated repair of the damaged central nervous system (CNS) is serial non-invasive imaging of the transplanted cells, which has led to interest in the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with designated intracellular magnetic labels for cell tracking. Micron-sized particles of iron oxide (MPIO) have ...
Richards Jennifer M J JM Centre of Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom . - - 2012
Cell therapy is an emerging and exciting novel treatment option for cardiovascular disease that relies on the delivery of functional cells to their target site. Monitoring and tracking cells to ensure tissue delivery and engraftment is a critical step in establishing clinical and therapeutic efficacy. The study aims were (1) ...
Mujoo Kalpana K Texas Therapeutics Institute, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1825 Pressler Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
Curcumin, an active ingredient of dietary spice used in curry, has been shown to exhibit anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties. Using EB directed differentiation protocol of H-9 human embryonic stem (ES) cells; we evaluated the effect of curcumin (0-20 μmol/L) in enhancing such differentiation. Our results using real time PCR, ...
Salama Samir A SA Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH 43240, - - 2012
Amino acid chloramines (AACLs) are reactive secondary products of activated neutrophils. To understand AACL damage in cell nuclei, we exploited proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) as a nuclear protein damage reporter, using western blotting and mass spectrometry. Chloramines of proline, arginine, and glycine caused significant damage to PCNA in cells. ...
Darrabie Marcus D - - 2012
Doxorubicin is commonly used to treat leukemia, lymphomas, and solid tumors such as soft-tissue sarcomas or breast cancer. A major side effect of doxorubicin therapy is dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Doxorubicin's effects on cardiac energy metabolism are emerging as key elements mediating its toxicity. We evaluated the effect of doxorubicin on (14)C-creatine ...
Ienaga Kazuharu - - 2012
HMH (5-hydroxy-1-methylhydantoin; NZ-419) is a mammalian creatinine metabolite and an intrinsic antioxidant. HMH prevents the progression of chronic kidney disease in rats when a sufficient amount is taken orally. We assessed whether intrinsic and higher levels of HMH could protect tubular epithelial cells, LLC-PK(1) cells, against known cellular damage caused ...
Gimenez Marcela - - 2012
Previously, we reported that nucleophosmin (NPM) was increased in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). NPM is a phosphoprotein related to apoptosis, ribosome biogenesis, mitosis and DNA repair, but details about its function remain unclear. We treated U87MG cells with small interference RNA (siRNA) and obtained a reduction of 80% in NPM1 expression. ...
Wang Chun Jing - - 2012
The CTLA-4 pathway is a key regulator of T cell activation and a critical failsafe against autoimmunity. Although early models postulated that CTLA-4 transduced a negative signal, in vivo evidence suggests that CTLA-4 functions in a cell-extrinsic manner. That multiple cell-intrinsic mechanisms have been attributed to CTLA-4, yet its function ...
Viana Tiago - - 2012
Intracellular pH (pH(in)) is a tightly regulated physiological parameter, which controls cell performance in all living systems. The purpose of this work was to evaluate if and how H(+) homeostasis is accomplished by an industrial wine strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae while fermenting real must under the harsh winery conditions prevalent ...
Astarci Erhan - - 2012
Intestinal epithelial differentiation entails the formation of highly specialized cells with specific absorptive, secretory, digestive and immune functions. Cell-cell and cell-microenvironment interactions appear to be crucial in determining the outcome of the differentiation process. Using the Caco-2 cell line that can undergo spontaneous re-differentiation when grown past confluency, we observed ...
Tanaka Ken-Ichi - - 2012
Objectives and methods: We have searched for low-molecular-weight compounds as potent new nonimmunosuppressive immunophilin ligands (NI-IPLs) that are stronger than existent NI-IPLs such as GPI1046 and/or V10367 from the perspective of neuroprotective efficacy. We selected six dipeptidyl compounds as new NI-IPL candidates, and first examined the effects of each of ...
Prus Eugenia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fetal hemoglobin (HbF), which is largely replaced after birth by the adult Hb, is concentrated in a few "F cells." Their number significantly increases in certain physiologic and clinical situations, including in β-thalassemia (β-thal). Their quantification is used to detect fetal-maternal hemorrhage (FMH), where fetal cells enter the maternal ...
Sato Tetsuo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Extracellular microenvironment plays crucial roles in the development of cancers and chemoresistance. Pancreatic carcinoma is resistant to almost all chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, we identified annexin II in the medium from pancreatic cancer cells as a protein released into the extracellular environment. METHODS: Medium from 5-hour cultures of ...
Palos M C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Evidence from the literature that inflammation is a systemic biological phenomenon prompted us to investigate whether inoculation of different irritants to the footpad of mice might influence the kinetics of resident peritoneal cells. METHODS: Mice were inoculated in the footpad at different time intervals with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin ...
Jia Lian-Qun - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bunge (also known as herb Danshen in Chinese) is a widely used Chinese herbal medicine. Tanshinone IIA (TSN IIA) is considered to be the most important bioactive ingredient in Danshen and exhibits an anti-atherosclerotic activity. AIM OF STUDY: To evaluate the protective effect of TSN IIA ...
Jeevitha D - - 2012
Designing novel materials for biomedical applications generally require the use of biodegradable materials. This study aims to engineer a biodegradable [chitosan (CS) and poly (lactic acid) (PLA)] as AQ carrier with nanometer dimensions and to evaluate the anticancer potency of the prepared CS/PLA-AQ NPs in human carcinoma (HepG2) cells. CS-PLA ...
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