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Sinclair Warren K - - 2012
Various radiation responses in mammalian cells depend on the position of the cell within its generation cycle (that is, its age) at the time of irradiation. Studies have most often been made by irradiating synchronized populations of cells in vitro. Results in different cell lines are not easy to compare, ...
Matsushita Koki - - 2012
The relationship between pancreatic fibrosis and apoptosis of pancreatic acinar cells has not been fully elucidated. We reported that taurine had an anti-fibrotic effect in a dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC)-chronic pancreatitis model. However, the effect of taurine on apoptosis of pancreatic acinar cells is still unclear. Therefore, we examined apoptosis in ...
Baffet Alexandre D - - 2012
Microtubules (MTs) are essential for cell division, shape, intracellular transport, and polarity. MT stability is regulated by many factors, including MT-associated proteins and proteins controlling the amount of free tubulin heterodimers available for polymerization. Tubulin-binding cofactors are potential key regulators of free tubulin concentration, since they are required for α-β-tubulin ...
Barrero María J MJ Center for Regenerative Medicine in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2012
The efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming to pluripotency using defined factors is dramatically affected by the cell type of origin. Here, we show that human keratinocytes, which can be reprogrammed at a higher efficiency than fibroblast [Nat Biotechnol 2008;26:1276-1284], share more genes hypermethylated at CpGs with human embryonic stem cells ...
Swarnkar Supriya - - 2012
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells, which provide metabolic support for neurons. Rotenone is a botanical pesticide of natural origin, known to exhibit neurotoxic potential via inhibition of mitochondrial complex-I. This study was carried out to explore the effect of rotenone on C6 cells. The cell line C6 derived ...
Uchida Daisuke - - 2012
Salivary gland cancers (SGCs) frequently metastasize to cervical lymph nodes and distant organs. Currently, the mechanisms responsible for the metastatic behavior of SGC cells are not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; also known as CXCL12)/CXCR4 system is involved in the establishment of metastasis in ...
Tsai Shih-Chang - - 2012
Bufalin is the major component of Chan-Su (a traditional Chinese medicine, TCM) extracts from the venom of Bufo bufo gargarizan. In the present study, we investigated the pharmacological mechanisms of cell cycle arrest and autophagic cell death induced by bufalin in SK-HEP-1 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Bufalin inhibited cell ...
Mosesso Pasquale - - 2012
In this work we have examined the genotoxic potential of the bioinsecticide Azadirachtin A (AZA) and its influence on cell proliferation on human lymphocytes and Chinese Hamster ovary (CHO) cells. AZA genotoxicity was assessed by the analysis of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in the absence and presence ...
Zhang Bin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify the proteins involved in radioresistance in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) cells. METHODS: Sublethal ionizing radiation was applied to establish a radioresistant NPC cell line from its parental NPC cell line CNE1. Clonogenic survival assay, cell growth assay and flow cytometry analysis were used to examine the difference of ...
Ni Chien-Hang - - 2012
Chrysophanol (1,8-dihydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone) is one of the anthraquinone compounds, and it has been shown to induce cell death in different types of cancer cells. The effects of chrysophanol on human lung cancer cell death have not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to examine chrysophanol-induced cytotoxic effects and ...
Hughes M A - - 2012
This article describes high resolution patterning of HEK 293 cells on a construct of micropatterned parylene-C and silicon dioxide. Photolithographic patterning of parylene-C on silicon dioxide is an established and consistent process. Activation of patterns by immersion in serum has previously enabled patterning of murine hippocampal neurons and glia, as ...
Miyazaki Satsuki - - 2012
Several reports have suggested that Foxo1, a key regulator in differentiation, growth and metabolism, is involved in pancreatic β-cell function. However, detailed analyses have been hampered by a lack of Foxo1-deficient β cells. To elucidate Foxo1's function in β cells, we produced a β-cell line with inducible Foxo1 deletion. We ...
Su Wen-Pin - - 2012
Growing evidence suggests that Stat3 contributes to chemoresistance. However, the impact of chemotherapy on Stat3 activity is unclear. We found that paclitaxel activated Stat3 in the human lung cancer cell lines PC14PE6AS2 (AS2) and H157, whereas it reduced Stat3 activation in A549 and H460 cells. Pretreatment of AS2 and H157 ...
Komura Kenta - - 2012
The cytoskeleton protein vimentin is dramatically altered following pathological events such as fibrosis and tumorigenesis. Vimentin binds to multivalent N-acetylglucosamine molecules at the cell surface and interacts with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine-proteins. Moreover, dying cells can be engulfed by neighboring cells through surface interactions between vimentin and many O-N-acetylglucosamine-proteins in cell debris. ...
Boscher Cécile - - 2012
Galectin-3 binding to cell surface glycoproteins, including branched N-glycans generated by N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (Mgat5) activity, forms a multivalent, heterogeneous, and dynamic lattice. This lattice has been shown to regulate integrin and receptor tyrosine kinase signaling promoting tumor cell migration. N-cadherin is a homotypic cell-cell adhesion receptor commonly overexpressed in tumor ...
Usaj Marko - - 2012
The fusogenic state of the cell membrane can be induced by external electric field. When two fusogenic membranes are in close contact, cell fusion takes place. An appropriate hypotonic treatment of cells before the application of electric pulses significantly improves electrofusion efficiency. How hypotonic treatment improves electrofusion is still not ...
Zhu Yu-Fen YF Department of Oncology, Shanghai Xuhui District Center Hospital, Shanghai 200031, - - 2012
To assess the significance of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in colorectal cancer (CRC) and toxicity of LY294002 in CRC cells with different metastatic abilities. Sixty formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded CRC tumor specimens were investigated. Adjacent normal colonic mucosa specimens from 10 of these cases were selected as controls. PI3K protein was detected ...
Kaambre Tuuli - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze quantitatively cellular respiration in intraoperational tissue samples taken from human breast cancer (BC) patients. We used oxygraphy and the permeabilized cell techniques in combination with Metabolic Control Analysis (MCA) to measure a corresponding flux control coefficient (FCC). The activity of all components ...
Guo Huichen - - 2012
We introduced eukaryotic expression plasmid pEGFP-N1 encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes into cells with different biological features through electroporation. The effects of conditions, including voltage, capacitor flow, pulse cycle, DNA dosage and buffer, on transfection efficiency were investigated based on fluorescent microscopy and posttransfection survival rate of cells by ...
Le Hégarat Ludovic - - 2012
Here, we assessed a co-culture system of intestinal Caco-2 cells and lymphoblastoid TK6 cells for modelling the role of intestinal first-pass effects, i.e. absorption and metabolism, in the genotoxicity of oral drugs and food contaminants. Caco-2 cells were seeded onto semipermeable culture inserts for 21 days until differentiation, and then ...
Muenthaisong Suchitra - - 2012
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technology involves reprogramming somatic cells to a pluripotent state. The original technology used to produce these cells requires viral gene transduction and results in the permanent integration of exogenous genes into the genome. This can lead to the development of abnormalities in the derived iPS ...
French Kristin M KM Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2012
Myocardial infarction (MI) produces a collagen scar, altering the local microenvironment and impeding cardiac function. Cell therapy is a promising therapeutic option to replace the billions of myocytes lost following MI. Despite early successes, chronic function remains impaired and is likely a result of poor cellular retention, proliferation, and differentiation/maturation. ...
Ge Lisheng L Diagnostic and Molecular Health Care Group, Long Beach, CA 90822, - - 2012
Big potassium (BK) ion channels have several spliced variants. One spliced variant initially described within human glioma cells is the glioma BK (gBK) channel. This isoform consists of 34 aa inserted into the intracellular region of the basic BK ion channel. PCR primers specific for this inserted region confirmed that ...
Sato Yoko - - 2012
We tested a one batch reaction method for the transcription and the insect cell-free translation from undigested plasmids without any centrifugation steps. The efficiency of protein synthesis reached 74-112% of that achieved using the conventional procedure. This simplified method will help expedite the high throughput insect cell-free protein production.
Cheng Huang Cheng - - 2012
Metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) to serous effusion (SE) is extremely rare and its cytomorphological features have only been described in case reports. In this study, we searched the pathology database at University of Michigan for SEs due to metastatic UC in the last 20 years. A total of 25 cases ...
Yamane Keitaro - - 2012
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common skin cancers. Because its potential to recur and metastasize leads to a poor prognosis and significant mortality, it is necessary to develop new early diagnostic tools and new therapeutic approaches. In this study, we found protein levels of ERK1 and ...
Odenthal Julia - - 2012
Curcumin, quercetin, and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are 3 natural compounds with the capacity to reduce adenoma burden in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The mechanistic basis of this anticarcinogenic capacity is largely unknown, but it was suggested that induction of detoxification enzymes is involved. Therefore, the effects of low-dose ...
Giessrigl Benedikt - - 2012
Pancreas cancer cells escape most treatment options. Heat shock protein (Hsp)90 is frequently over-expressed in pancreas carcinomas and protects a number of cell-cycle regulators such as the proto-oncogene Cdc25A. We show that inhibition of Hsp90 with geldanamycin (GD) destabilizes Cdc25A independent of Chk1/2, whereas the standard drug for pancreas carcinoma ...
Ghosh Amiya K - - 2012
Ciliopathies are a heterogeneous group of diseases that exhibit broad clinical phenotypes, including renal cysts, retinal degeneration, and cerebellar vermis aplasia. Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a renal ciliopathy that causes chronic kidney disease and is characterized by kidney cysts at the cortico-medullary border. Among the 10 different disease-causing genes (NPHP1-NPHP10), mutations ...
Mueller Daniel D Biochemical Engineering Institute, Saarland University, Geb. A1 5, 66123, Saarbruecken, - - 2013
Three-dimensional cultivation of human cells is promising especially for long-term maintenance of specific functions and mimicking the in vivo tissue environment. However, direct viability assessment is very difficult in such systems. Commonly applied indirect methods such as glucose consumption, albumin or urea production are greatly affected by culture conditions, stress ...
Ryu Hyang-Hwa - - 2012
Metallothionein 1E (MT1E) has been found to be highly expressed in motile cell lines. We investigated whether MT1E actually modulates the migration and invasion of human glioma cell lines and the types of factors that have an effect on MT1E. RNA differential display was performed using Genefishing™ technology in the ...
Chae Jung-Il - - 2012
Quercetin (Qu) is found in plants, including red onions and in the skins of red apples, and induces the apoptosis of certain malignant cells. However, no report has been issued on the apoptotic effect of Qu on human malignant pleural mesothelioma. In the present study, it was found that MSTO‑211H ...
Mignolet Emmanuel - - 2012
The relative contributions of the PSII-dependent and Nda2-dependent pathways for H(2) photoproduction were investigated in the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii after suphur-deprivation. For this purpose, H(2) gas production was compared for wild-type and Nda2-deficient cells with or without DCMU (a PSII-inhibitor) in the same experimental conditions. Nda2-deficiency caused a 30% ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
Perineural invasion (PNI) is common in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). The aim of the present study was to explore the association of the Schwann-like cell differentiation with PNI in SACC. Twenty-eight cases of SACC and 10 cases of acinic cell carcinoma (ACA) were examined for the expression of the Schwann ...
Zanini Marjorie - - 2012
Biodentine (Septodont, Saint Maur des Faussés, France), a new tricalcium silicate-based cement, has recently been commercialized and advertised as a bioactive material. Its clinical application and physical properties have been widely described, but, so far, its bioactivity and biological effect on pulp cells have not been clearly shown. Thus, the ...
Kim Hee Jung - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in A549 cells-an alveolar epithelial cell line. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A549 cells or normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells were stimulated with LPS. ROS generation was measured in A549 cells or NHBE ...
Arif Basil - - 2012
Insect cell lines have been initiated since the 1930s and were used to replicate insect baculoviruses as well as arboviruses. Since the latter group of viruses cause serious diseased in man and equines, efforts were expended to characterize the viruses in the new cell lines in attempts to understand the ...
Breimer Michael E - - 2012
A 6 cm fresh proximal ileum surgical specimen from a blood group A(1)Le(a-b+) secretor individual was used for stepwise isolation of epithelial cells from villus tip to crypt bottom by gentle washing with EDTA-containing buffer. Acid and non-acid sphingolipids were prepared from the epithelial cell fractions and the non-epithelial intestinal ...
Figeac Florence - - 2012
Endocrine and exocrine insufficiencies are associated with serious diseases such as diabetes and pancreatitis, respectively. Pancreatic cells retain the capacity to regenerate in the context of cell deficiency. The remnant pancreas after pancreatectomy (Px) is a valuable target for testing the efficiency of pharmacological interventions to stimulate cell regeneration. Here, ...
Lee Myung-Shik - - 2012
Pancreatic β-cell death of various types has diverse and important roles in the pathogenesis of both type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes. The most widely recognized types of β-cell death in diabetes are apoptosis (type 1 programmed cell death) and necrosis. Apoptosis of β-cells is the key and ...
Vázquez-Iglesias Lorena - - 2012
A comparative analysis of the intracellular distribution of avian reovirus (ARV) core protein sigmaA in cells of avian and mammalian origin revealed that, whereas the viral protein accumulates in the cytoplasm and nucleolus of avian cells, most sigmaA concentrates in the nucleoplasm of mammalian cells in tight association with the ...
Cano Carla E - - 2012
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an extremely deadly disease for which all treatments available have failed to improve life expectancy significantly. This may be explained by the high metastatic potential of PDAC cells, which results from their dedifferentiation towards a mesenchymal phenotype. Some PDAC present cell-in-cell structures whose origin and significance ...
Oh-Hashi Kentaro - - 2012
Transmembrane protein 132A (TMEM132A, KIAA1583) was first isolated as a novel gene that is enriched during the embryonic and postnatal stages of rat brain development and interacts with GRP78. However, the biological functions of TMEM132A are scarcely characterized because the protein does not contain any known structural domains. Using a ...
Rakić Gordana M - - 2012
Platinum(IV) complexes with general formulas [Pt(L(1-2))(2)Cl(4)], where L(1-2) are 3-acetylpyridine (1) and 4-acetylpyridine (2) respectively, and [Pt(HL(3-5))(2)Cl(2)], where H(2)L(3-5) are 2,3-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (3), 2,4-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (4) and 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (5) respectively, were prepared by the reaction of K(2)[PtCl(6)] with the corresponding ligand in 1:2 M ratio in water. The complexes were ...
Basu Gaurav - - 2012
We investigated the effects of nanosecond pulse electric fields (nsPEFs) on Jurkat and PANC1 cells, which are human carcinoma cell lines, in the presence of Tween 80 (T80) at a concentration of 0.18 % and demonstarted an enhanced killing effect. We used two biological assays to determine cell viability after exposing ...
Liang Yan - - 2012
Deficiencies in maternal diet, such as inadequate intake of folate, can inhibit normal development and lead to developmental defects. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may play a role in mediating the effects of folate deficiency in the growing mammalian embryo, although conclusive evidences to support that possibility are not yet available. The goal ...
Zhang Yanling Y Faculty of Life Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, 710072, - - 2013
Chronic hyperlipidemia causes β-cell apoptosis and dysfunction, thereby contributing to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, searching for agents to promote pancreatic β-cell survival and improve its function could be a promising strategy to prevent and treat T2D. We investigated the effects of kaempferol, a small molecule isolated ...
Mok Wei Chuen WC Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 138673, - - 2012
To investigate the role of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) as a therapeutic target for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PLK1 gene expression was evaluated in HCC tissue and HCC cell lines. Gene knockdown with short-interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to study PLK1 gene and protein expression using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain ...
Shebaby Wassim Nasri - - 2012
Daucus carota L. ssp. carota (Apiacea) is used in traditional medicine in Lebanon and in different regions throughout the world. The present study investigates the in vitro anticancer activities of Daucus carota oil extract (DCOE) on four human cancer cell lines as well as its in vitro antioxidant activity. DCOE ...
Liu Jianhui - - 2012
β-Cell apoptosis is considered to be a major cause of loss of β cells in diabetes. Geniposide could prevent oxidative stress-induced neuron apoptosis, and improved glucose stimulated insulin secretion by activating glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) in INS-1 cells. Here we have investigated whether geniposide can exert a direct effect ...
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