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Peng Kang-Wei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Wharton's Jelly cells (WJCs) can be differentiated into adipocytes by cytoskeletal reorganisation in association with changes in the mechanical properties of cells. METHODS: WJCs subjected to adipocyte induction were observed changes in the cell morphology and alterations in actin filament formation. Transfection with either small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against ...
Gelis Samuel - - 2012
The fungal cell wall is an essential organelle required for maintaining cell integrity and also plays an important role in the primary interactions between pathogenic fungi and their hosts. PGA13 encodes a GPI protein in the human pathogen Candida albicans, which is highly up-regulated during cell wall regeneration in protoplasts. ...
Mu Li-Hua - - 2012
Three new triterpenoid saponins, 1- 3, together with two known saponins, 4 and 5, were isolated from the rhizome of ARDISIA GIGANTIFOLIA. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic studies. Saponins 1, 2, 4, and 5 exhibited significant cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines, namely, Hela human ...
Wang Kan - - 2012
We report that protein adsorption, cell attachment, and cell proliferation were enhanced on spherulites-roughened polymer surfaces. Banded spherulites with concentric alternating succession of ridges and valleys were observed on spin-coated thin films of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and two series of PCL binary homo-blends composed of high- and low-molecular-weight components when they ...
Salazar Yepes Mauricio - - 2012
A new genus of rust fungi (Basidiomycota, Pucciniales), with species type Caetea itatiaiaensis, was collected on Piptadenia (Fabaceae) at the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia in the Serra da Mantiqueira, States of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, Brazil. This genus is delimited as follows: 1) three-celled teliospores borne on a ...
Jimenez-Nuñez Maria D - - 2012
In hematology there has recently been increasing interest in inorganic polyphosphate. This polymer accumulates in platelet granules and its functions include modulating various stages of blood coagulation, inducing angiogenesis, and provoking apoptosis of plasma cells. In this study we evaluated the characteristics of intracellular polyphosphate in myeloma cell lines, in ...
Zhang Ye - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been linked to induction of a stem-cell like phenotype, characterized by altered cell surface marker expression and increased tumor formation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EMT correlates with CD24+CD44+ and CD133+ cells in pancreatic cancer. The morphology of untreated and gemcitabine-treated ...
Schmidt Eva-Maria - - 2012
The serum- and glucocorticoid-dependent kinases-1-3 (SGK1-3) are downstream effectors of PI3 kinases, implicated in various cell responses including colon cancer tumorigenesis in mice. Here we investigated the role of SGK1 in the regulation of cell motility. Using Caco-2 colon tumor and Hek 293 embryonic kidney cells we report that transfection ...
Corea Oliver R A - - 2012
How carbon flux differentially occurs in vascular plants following photosynthesis for protein formation, phenylpropanoid metabolism (i.e. lignins), and other metabolic processes is not well understood. Our previous discovery/deduction that a six-membered arogenate dehydratase (ADT1-6) gene family encodes the final step in Phe biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana raised the fascinating question ...
Masgras Ionica - - 2012
p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that mediates cell cycle arrest. Prolonged p21 up-regulation induces a senescent phenotype in normal and cancer cells, accompanied by an increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, it has been shown recently that p21 expression can also lead to cell death in certain ...
Sato Rikiya - - 2012
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked immunodeficiency disease affecting cell morphology and signal transduction in hematopoietic cells. The function of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) and its partners in protein interaction have been studied intensively in mice; however, detailed biochemical characterization of its signal transduction and assessment of its functional consequence ...
Rioux James A - - 2012
This work proposes the use of TurboSPI, a multi-echo single point imaging sequence, for the quantification of labeled cells containing moderate to high concentrations of iron oxide contrast agent. At each k-space location, TurboSPI acquires several hundred time points during a spin echo, permitting reliable relaxation rate mapping of large-R(2)(∗) ...
Zou Bo - - 2012
Accumulating data reveal that aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity is a cancer stem cell marker in several types of human cancers. Whether ALDH also defines cancer stem cells of tongue squamous cell carcinoma is unknown. In the present study, we performed the Aldefluor assay to detect ALDH enzymatic activity, and used ...
Jwala Jwala J Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, - - 2012
The overall objective of this study was to investigate the differential expression of folate receptor-alpha (FR-α), sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT), and amino acid transporter [B ((0, +))] in retinoblastoma (Y-79) and retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was performed to confirm the existence of FR-α, SMVT, ...
Li Songchao - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore the functional role and mechanism of miR-155 in the development of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). miR-155 expression was quantified in renal cancers, matched adjacent non‑tumor tissues and renal cell lines using quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Cell proliferation, apoptosis and migratory activity were ...
Koltsova Svetlana V - - 2012
In the present work, we compared the outcome of hyperosmotic and isosmotic shrinkage on ion transport and protein phosphorylation in C11-MDCK cells resembling intercalated cells from collecting ducts and in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from the rat aorta. Hyperosmotic shrinkage was triggered by cell exposure to hypertonic medium, whereas ...
Despaigne Angel A R - - 2012
2-Acetylpyridine-phenylhydrazone (H2AcPh), its para-chlorophenylhydrazone (H2AcpClPh) and para-nitrophenylhydrazone (H2AcpNO(2)Ph) analogues, the corresponding 2-benzoylpyridine-derived hydrazones (H2BzPh, H2BzpClPh and H2BzpNO(2)Ph) and their gallium(III) complexes were assayed for their cytotoxic activity against U87 (expressing wild-type p53 protein) and T98 (expressing mutant p53 protein) glioma cells. IC(50) values against both glioma cells and against the ...
Omelchenko Tatiana T Cell Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2012
Epithelial tissues undergo extensive collective movements during morphogenesis, repair, and renewal. Collective epithelial cell migration requires the intercellular coordination of cell-cell adhesions and the establishment of anterior-posterior polarity, while maintaining apical-basal polarity, but how this is achieved at the molecular level is not well understood. Using an RNA interference-based screen ...
Ritter Cynthia S - - 2012
Parathyroid glands express the 25-hydroxyvitamin d-1α-hydroxylase (1αOHase). 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (calcitriol) synthesized by extrarenal tissues generally does not enter the circulation, but plays an autocrine/paracrine role specific to the cell type, and is regulated by the needs of that particular cell. While the role of calcitriol produced in the parathyroid glands ...
Zhao Yun - - 2012
The mechanism by which inclusion bodies form is still not well understood, partly because the dynamic processes of the inclusion body formation and its solubilization have hardly been investigated at an individual cell level, and so the important detailed information has not been acquired for the mechanism. In this study, ...
Zhu Han-Yu - - 2012
Cisplatin (DDP) is one of most effective and most commonly used therapeutic agent in treating tumors, it can accumulate in the kidney and lead to acute renal failure. MicroRNA-181a can induce cell apoptosis by suppressing the expression of Bcl-2 family. In the present study, we investigated the role of microRNA-181a ...
Sun Haipeng H Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of National Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2012
Cell death is regulated by a myriad of intracellular molecular pathways, with many involving protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. In this review, we will focus on Ser/Thr phosphatases-mediated regulation in cell apoptosis as well as on their potential roles in cell necrosis. The emerging functional importance of Ser/Thr protein phosphatases in ...
Gao Hong Xia - - 2012
Nucleostemin (NS) is a GTP-conjugated protein located in the nucleoli of stem cells and some cancer cells, and maintains cell self-renewal. We aimed to evaluate NS as a potential target for lung carcinoma gene therapy by investigating NS gene expression and its effect on A549 cell proliferation. NS mRNA and ...
Li Qingning - - 2012
In this report, we have fabricated a novel nanomaterial, titanium dioxide whiskers (TiO2Whs), and evaluate its photodynamic characters on Rhodamine B, where TiO2Whs exhibit better photocatalytic activity than titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs). After testing the biocompatibility, we further investigated the effects of TiO2Whs on human hepatocarcinoma cells (SMMC-7721 cells) under ...
Kang Bo Ram - - 2012
Our previous study demonstrated that CopA3, a disulfide dimer of the coprisin peptide analogue (LLCIALRKK), has antibacterial activity. In this study, we assessed whether CopA3 caused cellular toxicity in various mammalian cell lines. CopA3 selectively caused a marked decrease in cell viability in Jurkat T, U937, and AML-2 cells (human ...
Simhadri Venkateswara R - - 2012
CD300a is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) containing molecule that belongs to the CD300 family of paired activating/inhibitory receptors. It has been shown that its ligation inhibits activation signals on cells of both myeloid and lymphoid lineages. The ligands for CD300a have not been identified. Here, we show that ...
Mihmanli A - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS), on cell viability, cytotoxicity, and erythrocyte numbers in in vitro cultured human blood cells. We studied the cytotoxic effects of the ABS using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell proliferation (WST-1) assay and hemolytic assay. ...
Yang Xiurong - - 2012
Objectives: To analyze the protective effects against complement-mediated cytolysis of the MCP, DAF, and CD59 human complement regulatory proteins, alone and in combination, on NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. Materials and Methods: We constructed 3 double and 3 single-human complement regulatory protein plasmids (pIRES-hMCP-hDAF, pIRES-hMCP-hCD59, pIRES-hDAF-hCD59, pIRES-A-hMCP, pIRES-B-hDAF, and pIRES-B-hCD59). ...
Stoller Meryl D - - 2012
Chemically activated graphene ('activated microwave expanded graphite oxide', a-MEGO) was used as a cathode material for Li-ion hybrid supercapacitors. The performance of a-MEGO was first verified with Li-ion electrolyte in a symmetrical supercapacitor cell. Hybrid supercapacitors were then constructed with a-MEGO as the cathode and with either graphite or Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) ...
Kohga Keisuke - - 2012
The production of soluble major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain A (MICA) is thought to antagonize NKG2D-mediated immunosurveillance. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is elevated in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CH), and this might contribute to the escape of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells from innate immunity. In this study, we investigated the ...
Bondarenko Nina A - - 2012
Biological entities and gradients of selected chemicals within the seemingly barren ice layers covering Lake Baikal were investigated. Ice cores 40-68 cm long were obtained from inshore and offshore sites of Southern Lake Baikal during the cold period of a year (March-April) in 2007 and 2008. In microscopic observations of ...
Li Guangshan - - 2012
A high-throughput label-free cell assay for modulating cell-cell communication is demonstrated with the Epic® system, a resonant waveguide grating sensor platform. Natural killer (NK) cells are known to be able to recognize abnormal cells (e.g., cancer cells and cells presenting intercellular adhesion molecule 1 [ICAM1] through cell surface receptors) and ...
Pyarokhil Asadullah Hamid - - 2012
Peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are produced in endocrine cells that show distal distribution in each of small and large intestine. They are colocalized in the same endocrine cells at different ratios depending on the animal species. The present study examined the possibility of plasticity in the colocalization ...
Nakanishi Momo O - - 2012
The first cell differentiation in the mammalian development separates the trophoblast and embryonic cell lineages, resulting in the formation of the trophectoderm (TE) and inner cell mass (ICM) in blastocysts. Although a lower level of global DNA methylation in the genome of the TE compared with ICM has been suggested, ...
Icard Philippe - - 2012
Over many years we have taken advantage of the special metabolism of cancer cells involving an increased consumption of glucose associated with lactic acid production even in the presence of oxygen, a phenomenon referred to as the "Warburg effect", to counteract cancer cell growth. We have tested 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA), an ...
Reimer Andreas - - 2012
Efficiencies of the generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from either mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) or from mouse fetal liver (FL) derived preB cells and their hematogenic potencies were compared. In 10 days approximately 2% of the MEFs transduced with Sox-2, Oct-4 and Klf-4 developed to iPS cells, while ...
Abdolahad Mohammad - - 2012
A novel vertically aligned carbon nanotube based electrical cell impedance sensing biosensor (CNT-ECIS) was demonstrated for the first time as a more rapid, sensitive and specific device for the detection of cancer cells. This biosensor is based on the fast entrapment of cancer cells on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto K - - 2012
Objectives:  Tetraploid cells are strictly biologically inhibited from composition of embryos; by the same token, only diploid cells compose embryos. However, the distinction between diploid and tetraploid cells in development has not been well explained. To examine pluripotency of polyploid ES cells, a polyploid embryonic stem (ES)-cell system was prepared. ...
Allen Jessica L JL Division of Molecular Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2012
Mechanistic understanding of RP105 has been confounded by the fact that this TLR homolog has appeared to have opposing, cell type-specific effects on TLR4 signaling. Although RP105 inhibits TLR4-driven signaling in cell lines and myeloid cells, impaired LPS-driven proliferation by B cells from RP105(-/-) mice has suggested that RP105 facilitates ...
Zhang Wen - - 2012
2-Oxobutyrate (2-OBA) is an important intermediate with many applications in the drug and chemical industries. l-Threonine, an industrial fermentation product, could be used as a suitable starting material for the 2-OBA production. In this study, whole cells of Pseudomonas stutzeri SDM were confirmed to possess a good ability to convert ...
Mishra Satish S Michael Heidelberger Division of Immunology, Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA. - - 2012
Plasmodium sporozoites are deposited in the skin of the mammalian host by Anopheles mosquitoes. To continue the life cycle, the sporozoites have to invade the host's hepatocytes, where they transform into exoerythrocytic forms (EEFs) inside a parasitophorous vacuole. During their route from the skin to the liver, the parasites traverse ...
Hur Jin - - 2012
Strategy to differentiate stem cells into insulin producing cells (IPCs) in vitro has been a promising one to get cell source of β-cell replacement therapy for diabetes. It has been suggested that islets and neurons share features and nestin-positive cells could differentiate into IPCs. We have recently developed a three-dimensional ...
Teerapornpuntakit Jarinthorn - - 2012
During pregnancy and lactation, prolactin (PRL) enhances intestinal absorption of calcium and other minerals for fetal development and milk production. Although an enhanced absorptive efficiency is believed to mainly result from the upregulation of mineral transporters in the absorptive villous cells, some other possibilities, such as PRL-enhanced crypt cell proliferation ...
Qin Han H Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, and Diabetes Center, South San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
Pluripotent stem cells are derived from culture of early embryos or the germline and can be induced by reprogramming of somatic cells. Barriers to reprogramming that stabilize the differentiated state and have tumor suppression functions are expected to exist. However, we have a limited understanding of what such barriers might ...
Juszczak Kajetan - - 2012
Highly concentrated urine may induce a harmful effect on the urinary bladder. Therefore, we considered osmolarity of the urine as a basic pathomechanism of mucosal damage. The influence of both cyclophosphamide (CYP) and hyperosmolar stimuli (HS) on the urothelium are not well described. The purpose was to evaluate the effect ...
Choi Eun Mi - - 2012
Antimycin A treatment of cells blocks the mitochondrial electron transport chain and leads to elevated ROS generation. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of magnolol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound isolated from Magnolia officinalis, on antimycin A-induced toxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with ...
Philpott Caroline C - - 2012
Eukaryotic cells contain dozens, perhaps hundreds, of iron-dependent proteins, which perform critical functions in nearly every major cellular process. Nutritional iron is frequently available to cells in only limited amounts; thus, unicellular and higher eukaryotes have evolved mechanisms to cope with iron scarcity. These mechanisms have been studied at the ...
Gürbay Aylin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible time- and dose-dependent cytotoxic effects of cobalt chloride on Vero cells. The cultured cells were incubated with different concentrations of cobalt chloride ranging from 0.5 to 1,000 μM, and cytotoxicity was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and resazurin assays. ...
Pavani Christiane - - 2012
A series of meso-substituted tetra-cationic porphyrins, which have methyl and octyl substituents, was studied in order to understand the effect of zinc chelation and photosensitizer subcellular localization in the mechanism of cell death. Zinc chelation does not change the photophysical properties of the photosensitizers (all molecules studied are type II ...
Trillo María Angeles - - 2012
In vitro exposure to power frequency magnetic fields (MF) has been reported to influence cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the nature of the response of different human cancer cell types to these fields has not been sufficiently characterized. The present work investigates the response of two proliferating human cell lines ...
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