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Zhang Ting - - 2012
To evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of L-glutamic acid (Glu) coated Fe2O3 nanoparticles (hereafter refer as Glu@MNPs) on Chinese Hamster Lung (CHL) cells using Trypan blue dye exclusion assay, Oxidative stress markers, Comet assay and micronucleus (MN) assay. Results showed a low cytotoxicity with an IC50 was 254.739 microg/ml 36 ...
Rosenberg Jens T - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate MRI contrast as a function of magnetic field strength for microglia labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles. A rat microglia cell line, Bv2, was incubated with SPIOs for 6 h. In two separate experiments conducted at 11.75 and 21.1 T, the impact of ...
Tamosiunas M - - 2012
Cell sonoporation enables the delivery of various exogenous molecules into the cells. To maximize the percentage of reversibly sonoporated cells and to increase cell viability we propose a model for implicit dosimetry for adjustment of ultrasound (US) exposure duration. The Chinese hamster ovary cell suspension was supplemented with microbubbles (MB) ...
Soares Paula R O - - 2012
In course of a screening for small molecules presenting potential anticancer properties, a known monoterpene indole alkaloid named vallesiachotamine was isolated from the leaves of Palicourea rigida (Rubiaceae) collected in the Brazilian Cerrado. The structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, mainly 1D- and 2D-NMR and its biological activities were investigated ...
Hermann Martin - - 2012
The setup of an islet isolation facility designed along the rules of good manufacturing practice (GMP) is a technically challenging, cost and time intensive process. ( 1) Consequently, several institutions have decided to perform transplantation of islets isolated at another center with an already standing expertise. Such a solution includes ...
Soenen Stefaan J - - 2012
Cell labeling with various types of nanomaterial, such as FDA-approved iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) has become common practice in biomedical research. The low uptake of IONPs stimulates the use of transfection agents (TA), but the effect on stability of the IONPs and their cellular interactions has received minimal attention. In ...
Shahbazfar Amir Ali - - 2012
Artemisinin is a sesquitrepenelactone with an endoperoxide bridge. It is a naturally occurring substance from Artemisia species plants. Artemisia species have been used in oriental medicine for centuries to treat malaria, gastrointestinal helminthosia, diarrhea, and as an antipyretic and sedative agent. Antileishmanial activity of the plants has been announced a ...
Naseem Shamoon - - 2012
N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) has long been known to play important roles in cell surface structure. Recent studies are now revealing new functions for GlcNAc in cell signaling. Exposure to GlcNAc regulates virulence functions in the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans and in pathogenic bacteria. These signaling pathways sense exogenous GlcNAc and ...
Hu Yizhou - - 2012
Netrin-4 is a laminin-related secreted molecule originally found to have roles in neuronal axon migration. Recent studies have indicated that netrin-4 also participates in the development of nonneural tissues and modulates tumor cell proliferation and tumor metastasis. Here we have explored the functions and molecular mechanisms of netrin-4 in glioblastoma ...
García-Santos G - - 2012
Despite recent advances in cancer therapy, the 5-year survival rate for Ewing's sarcoma is still very low, and new therapeutic approaches are necessary. It was found previously that melatonin induces cell death in the Ewing's sarcoma cell line, SK-N-MC, by activating the extrinsic apoptotic pathway. Melatonin actions were analysed by ...
Ferland Guylaine - - 2012
The role of vitamin K in the nervous system has been somewhat neglected compared with other physiological systems despite the fact that this nutrient was identified some 40 y ago as essential for the synthesis of sphingolipids. Present in high concentrations in brain cell membranes, sphingolipids are now known to ...
Stern Claudio D CD Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, GowerStreet (Anatomy Building), London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2012
When amniotes appeared during evolution, embryos freed themselves from intracellular nutrition; development slowed, the mid-blastula transition was lost and maternal components became less important for polarity. Extra-embryonic tissues emerged to provide nutrition and other innovations. One such tissue, the hypoblast (visceral endoderm in mouse), acquired a role in fixing the ...
Mallen-St Clair Jon J Department of Biochemistry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2012
Although the polycomb group protein Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (EZH2) is well recognized for its role as a key regulator of cell differentiation, its involvement in tissue regeneration is largely unknown. Here we show that EZH2 is up-regulated following cerulein-induced pancreatic injury and is required for tissue repair by ...
Zheng Fang - - 2012
Abstract Autophagy, an evolutionarily-conserved intracellular organelle and protein degradation process, may exhibit drastically different effects on cell survival depending on the particular environmental and culturing conditions. Hoechst 33342 (HO), a fluorescent dye widely used for staining DNA, has been reported to induce apoptosis in mammalian cells. Here we showed that, ...
Ozer T Baykal - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The biosorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution has been studied using free and immobilized Pediastrum boryanum cells in a batch system. The algal cells were immobilized in alginate and alginate-gelatin beads via entrapment, and their algal cell free counterparts were used as control systems during biosorption studies ...
Davey Angel M - - 2012
The acquisition of long-lived memory B cells (MBCs) is critical for the defense against many infectious diseases. Despite their importance, little is known about how Ags trigger human MBCs, even though our understanding of the molecular basis of Ag activation of B cells in model systems has advanced considerably. In ...
Anglada-Huguet Marta - - 2012
The transcription factor Elk-1 has been revealed as neuroprotective against toxic stimuli. Here, we explored the neuroprotective capacity of Elk-1 in Huntington's disease (HD). To this aim, we used two exon-1 mutant huntingtin (mhtt) mouse models (R6/1 and R6/2), and a full-length mhtt striatal cell model (STHdh(Q111/Q111) ). Analysis of ...
Johnson Charis L - - 2012
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a five-year survival rate post diagnosis less than 5%. Individuals with chronic pancreatitis (CP) are 20-fold more likely to develop PDAC, making it a significant risk factor for PDAC. While the relationship for the increased susceptibility to PDAC is unknown, loss of the acinar cell ...
Wang Xiaojing - - 2012
Two new cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides called charantagenins D (1) and E (2) and one new sterol , 7-oxo-stigmasta-5,25-diene-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3) have been isolated from the fruit of momordica charantia L. together with eight known compounds. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectral analysis. The cytotoxicity activities of the isolated ...
Poloz Yekaterina - - 2012
Previous work, verified here, showed that colchicine affects Dictyostelium pattern formation, disrupts morphogenesis, inhibits spore differentiation and induces terminal stalk cell differentiation. Here we show that colchicine specifically induces ecmB expression and enhances accumulation of ecmB-expressing cells at the posterior end of multicellular structures. Colchicine did not induce a nuclear ...
Ferrari Caroline - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are known to be a valuable cell source for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However, one of the main limiting steps in their clinical use is the amplification step. MSC expansion on microcarriers has emerged during the last few years, fulfilling the lack of classical T-flasks ...
Cromer Berman Stacey M SM Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of MR Research, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2013
MRI is used for tracking of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled neural stem cells. Studies have shown that long-term MR tracking of rapidly dividing cells underestimates their migration distance. Time-lapse microscopy of random cellular motility and cell division was performed to evaluate the effects of SPIO-labeling on neural stem cell migration. ...
Masgras Ionica I University of Padova, Padova, - - 2012
Respiratory complexes are believed to play a role in the function of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP), whose dysregulation affects the process of cell death and is involved in a variety of diseases, including cancer and degenerative disorders. We investigated here the PTP in cells devoid of mitochondrial DNA ...
Sun Wenjing - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common malignancies in the modern world. Its recurrence is mainly due to its ability to invade and metastasize. However, the precise mechanism for tumor development and metastasis is still not fully understood. To shed light on the development ...
Zeno Sivan - - 2012
By exposing cells of the U118MG glioblastoma cell line to protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) in culture, we found that the 18 kDa mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) prevents intracellular accumulation of PPIX. In particular, TSPO knockdown by stable transfection of TSPO silencing siRNA vectors into U118MG cells leads to mitochondrial PPIX accumulation. ...
Mimoun Sabria - - 2012
Aims. Sulfide is released in the large intestine lumen by the microbiota and is an inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration and a genotoxic agent in colonocytes when present in excess. Deciphering how colonocytes metabolize sulfide is an important issue. Results. In this study, using the human colonic epithelial HT-29 Glc-/+ cells, ...
Schnichels Sven - - 2012
Supplementation with Trichostatin A (TSA) has been described as the method of choice for differentiating the RGC-5 cell line into cells with neuronal properties. However, TSA is known to induce apoptosis. We therefore investigated whether TSA at the recommended concentration for differentiation (500nM) and at three additional concentrations (40, 150 ...
Mehdi Ouaïssi - - 2012
In this study, the effect of LBH589 and trichostatin (TSA), a standard histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) toward the growth of pancreatic cancer cell lines was studied. Thus, we examined for the first time, the HDAC family gene expression levels before and after drug treatment. Several human pancreatic cancer cell lines ...
Sango Kazunori - - 2012
Establishing stable coculture systems with neuronal and Schwann cell lines has been considered difficult, presumably because of their high proliferative activity and phenotypic differences from primary cultured cells. The present study is aimed at developing methods for myelin formation under coculture of the neural crest-derived pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 and ...
Guan Jing-Zhi - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hypoxia-associated changes of telomeric structure in cell cultures have been analyzed mainly in cancer cells, stem cells, or cells transduced with vectors containing the telomerase gene, but not in somatic cells. The stability of telomere structure has been reported to be associated with subtelomeric methylation status. However, ...
Filipiak Marta - - 2012
Zinc is an essential trace element in cells. However, its high level in cytoplasm promotes activation of stress signaling pathways and may lead to cell death. In the present study we used Drosophila melanogaster blood cells (haemocytes), obtained from the third instar larvae, to study the effects of high concentrations ...
Limi Saima - - 2012
Rab3D is a low molecular weight GTP-binding protein that associates with secretory granules in exocrine cells. AR42J cells are derived from rat pancreatic exocrine tumor cells and develop an acinar cell-like phenotype when treated with dexamethasone (Dex). In the present study, we examined the role of Rab3D in Dex-treated AR42J ...
Lapthanasupkul Puangwan - - 2012
Granular cell ameloblastoma is a rare, benign neoplasm of the odontogenic epithelium. A case of massive granular cell ameloblastoma in a 44-year-old Thai female is reported. Histopathological features displayed a follicular type of ameloblastoma with an accumulation of granular cells residing within the tumor follicles. After treatment by partial mandibulectomy, ...
Blum Elyse S ES Laboratory of Developmental Genetics, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2012
Death is a vital developmental cell fate. In Caenorhabditis elegans, programmed death of the linker cell, which leads gonadal elongation, proceeds independently of caspases and apoptotic effectors. To identify genes promoting linker-cell death, we performed a genome-wide RNA interference screen. We show that linker-cell death requires the gene pqn-41, encoding ...
Pescio Lucila G - - 2012
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs), which are highly concentrated at the apical membrane of polarized epithelial cells, are key components of cell membranes and are involved in a large number of processes. Here, we investigated the ability of hypertonicity (high salt medium) to induce Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell differentiation and found an ...
Horvath Eszter - - 2012
The fungal mycotoxin patulin is produced by several molds, especially by Aspergillus and Penicillium. The aim of this study was to clarify whether patulin causes alterations in plasma membrane permeability of Schizosaccharomyces pombe lead to cellular shrinkage charateristic to apoptosis or increases cell size indicating necrosis in cells. Transmission and ...
Park Jin - - 2012
We investigate the cellular uptake behaviors and efficacy of folate-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for the targeted drug delivery system in human cancer cells. Folate-conjugated AuNPs embedded with a purine analogue cancer drug of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) were assembled via a 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) coupling reaction between the amino group of ...
Delgehyr Nathalie N Cancer Research UK Cell Cycle Genetics Research Group, Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EH, - - 2012
Klp10A is a kinesin-13 of Drosophila melanogaster that depolymerizes cytoplasmic microtubules. In interphase, it promotes microtubule catastrophe; in mitosis, it contributes to anaphase chromosome movement by enabling tubulin flux. Here we show that Klp10A also acts as a microtubule depolymerase on centriolar microtubules to regulate centriole length. Thus, in both ...
Boggetti Barbara - - 2012
Numb is an adaptor protein implicated in diverse basic cellular processes. Using the yeast-two hybrid system we isolated a novel Numb interactor in zebrafish called NBP which is an ortholog of human renal tumor suppressor Kank. NBP interacts with the PTB domain of Numb through a region well conserved among ...
Kidane Theodros Z - - 2012
Plasma proteins rather than amino acid chelates are the direct sources of copper for mammalian cells. In continuing studies on the mechanisms by which albumin and transcuprein deliver copper and the potential involvement of CTR1, rates of uptake from these proteins and Cu-histidine were compared in cells with/without CTR1 knockdown ...
Eguchi Ryoji - - 2012
Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumor arising from mesothelial cells of serous membranes. Src family kinases (SFKs) have a pivotal role in cell adhesion, proliferation, survival, and apoptosis. Here we examined the effect of SFK inhibitors in NCI-H2052, ACC-MESO-4 and NCI-H28 cells, mesothelioma cell lines, and Met5A, a human non-malignant ...
Satooka Hiroki - - 2012
Aromatic monoterpene, thymol, shows several beneficial activities such as antioxidative effect. However, the mechanism of its toxicity remains to be fully defined. In preliminary studies, thymol was characterized as a melanin formation inhibitor in an enzymatic system; however, thymol showed moderate cytotoxicity but not antimelanogenic effect on B16-F10 melanoma cells. ...
Walczak Katarzyna - - 2012
Kidneys possess a complex enzyme system which plays a major role in tryptophan metabolism. Taking into account a considerably high concentration of one of the tryptophan metabolites, kynurenic acid (KYNA) in this organ and previously reported antiproliferative activity against colon cancer cells in vitro, we measured its content in human ...
Toton Ewa - - 2012
Zapotin, a tetramethoxyflavone, is a natural compound with a wide spectrum of activities in neoplastic cells. Protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε) has been shown to be oncogenic, with the ability to increase cell migration, invasion and survival of tumor cells. Here we report that zapotin inhibits cell proliferation. In wild-type ...
Du Guang-Jian GJ Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research, The Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2012
Panaxadiol is a purified sapogenin of ginseng saponins that exhibits anticancer activity. Irinotecan is a second-line anticancer drug, but clinical treatment with irinotecan is limited due to its side effects. In this study, we have investigated the possible synergistic anticancer effects of panaxadiol and irinotecan on human colorectal cancer cells ...
Ikeda Jun-Ichiro - - 2012
Tumor cells with tumorigenic potential might be limited to a small population of cells, called cancer-initiating cells (CICs). CICs efficiently form colonies in vitro, yield both CIC and non-CIC populations, maintain reactive oxygen species (ROS) at low levels, show high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, and are mostly in a quiescent ...
Zhu Li-Fang - - 2012
Local invasiveness and distant metastasis are critical factors that contribute to oral squamous cell carcinoma-related deaths. Increasing evidence has shown that the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in cancer progression and is associated with the 'stemness' of cancer cells. Snail is a transcriptional factor that can induce EMT ...
Liu Jia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Undesired cell migration after targeted cell transplantation potentially limits beneficial effects for cardiac regeneration. MicroRNAs (miRs) are known to be involved in several cellular processes, including cell migration. Here, we attempt to reduce human cardiomyocyte progenitor cell (hCMPC) migration via increasing microRNA-155 (miR-155) levels, and investigate the underlying mechanism. ...
Tang Chih-Hsin - - 2012
Chondrosarcoma is a type of highly malignant tumor with a potent capacity to invade locally and cause distant metastasis. High mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB)-1 is a widely studied, ubiquitous nuclear protein that is present in eukaryotic cells, and plays a crucial role in inflammatory response. However, the ...
Gong Jie - - 2012
Hck is the unique example among the Src PTKs to be expressed as two isoforms, which are generated by alternative translation. The two isoforms differs from each other by a 21 N-terminal amino acids sequence which supports myristoylation. Though it has been shown that these different acylation states govern the ...
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