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Huang Xiaobo - - 2012
As a type of 3D model, the technology of microencapsulation holds significant promise for tissue engineering and cell therapy due to its unique performance. The microenvironmental factors within microcapsules play an important role in influencing the behaviors of encapsulated cells. The aim of this review article is to give an ...
Zölzer F - - 2012
Lymphocytes from former uranium miners who finished work underground one or more decades ago were analysed with respect to possibly persisting genetic damage induced by their radiation exposure. A modified micronucleus-centromere test was used which determined the frequency of micronucleus-containing binucleate cells after cytochalasin B treatment and the percentage of ...
Zhao Gang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: DNA hypermethylation is proved to be involved in carcinogenesis. Because chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a consistent risk factor for pancreatic cancer, the possible alteration and tumor contribute effects of hypermethylated in cancer-1 (HIC1) promoter methylation in CP was investigated. METHODS: Methylation of HIC1 promoter HIC1 and SIRT1 expression were ...
Kostin Shannon F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It has been previously shown that the naturally occurring antioxidant (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), found in green tea, and pterostilbene, a stilbenoid derived from blueberries, inhibit pancreatic cancer in vitro when used individually. We hypothesized that the combination of EGCG and pterostilbene would reveal additive effects in vitro. METHODS: Using the pancreatic cancer ...
Rodriguez-Diaz Rayner R Diabetes Research Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, - - 2012
Neurons, sensory cells and endocrine cells secrete neurotransmitters and hormones to communicate with other cells and to coordinate organ and system function. Validation that a substance is used as an extracellular signaling molecule by a given cell requires a direct demonstration of its secretion. In this protocol we describe the ...
Qiao Bin - - 2012
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Evidence has shown that mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) are linked to stem cell properties. We currently lack a model showing how the occurrence of MET and EMT in immortalized cells influences the maintenance of stem cell properties. Thus, we established a project aiming to investigate ...
Papini Nadia - - 2012
Several factors affect the skeletal muscle differentiation process, in particular modifications of cell-cell contact, cell adhesion and plasma membrane characteristics. In order to support the role of the plasma membrane-associated sialidase NEU3 in skeletal muscle differentiation and to analyse which events of the process are mainly affected by this sialidase, ...
Macaire Héloïse - - 2012
Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). ATLL is a severe malignancy with no effective treatment. HTLV-1 regulatory proteins Tax and HTLV-1 basic leucine zipper factor (HBZ) play a major role in ATLL development, by interfering with cellular functions such as ...
Yadav Anju - - 2012
HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is characterized by proliferative phenotype in the form of collapsing glomerulopathy and microcystic dilatation of tubules. Recently, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of renal cells has been demonstrated to contribute to the pathogenesis of proliferative HIVAN phenotype. We hypothesized that sirolimus would modulate HIVAN phenotype by attenuating renal ...
Yasuda S - - 2012
To establish cheese as a dairy product with health benefits, we embarked on examining the multifunctional role of cheeses, especially in the field of cancer prevention. The current study was designed to investigate whether different types of commercial goat cheeses may possess antiproliferative activity, using an HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia ...
Holdenrieder Stefan - - 2012
Circulating nucleosomes are elevated in the blood of patients with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Here, we investigated the nature and the dynamics of their release in functional cell studies. Leukemia blasts were exposed to the intrinsic inducers of apoptotic cell death, cytosine arabinoside (AraC; 10 μg/ml) and etoposide (50 μg/ml), ...
Nakajima Shingo - - 2012
Dietary peptides are potent stimulators of cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion, but the sensing mechanism in CCK-producing cells is poorly understood. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) mediates CCK secretion induced by amino acids. We investigated the role of CaSR in CCK secretions induced by various protein hydrolysates ...
Asada Ryoko - - 2012
In this study, using human tongue squamous carcinoma cells (HSC-4) carcinostatic activity was compared for diverse L-ascorbic acid (Asc) derivatives, including the 'straight-C(16)-chain types', 6-O-palmitoyl-Asc (A6-P) and Asc-2-phosphate-6-O-palmitate sodium salt (APPS), as well as the 'branched-C(16)-chain types', Asc-2-phosphate-6-O-(2'-hexyl)decanoate (APHD), an isomer of APPS, and Asc-2,3,5,6-O-tetra-(2'-hexyl)decanoate (VCIP). The order of magnitude ...
Fang Caiyun - - 2012
Hepatitis B can progress into hepatocellular carcinoma. Body irons may interfere with the clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and contribute to genesis of tumor. To investigate the role of iron played in HBV-related pathogenesis, here we studied the effect of iron with different concentrations and valence states on growth ...
Phutdhawong Weerachai - - 2012
A series of naphthoquinones fused benzazepines, 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]-benzazepine-8,13-diones, were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against four cell lines; human breast carcinoma cell line, human cervix carcinoma cell line, human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and human keratinocyte cell line. The results showed that 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-2,3,4,9-tetramethoxy-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]benzazepine-8,13-dione 4g and 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-2,3,9-trimethoxy-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]benzazepine-8,13-dione 4h have significant ...
Rato Luís - - 2012
Male factor infertility is increasing in developed countries, and several factors linked to lifestyle have been shown to negatively affect spermatogenesis. Sertoli cells are pivotal to spermatogenesis, providing nutritional support to germ cells throughout their development. Sertoli cells display atypical features in their cellular metabolism; they can metabolize various substrates, ...
Yiang Giou-Teng - - 2012
Phagocytic clearance of dying cells is found in many phagocytes. It has been shown that dying cells can be phagocytosed by other phagocytic cells through autophagic or apoptotic cellular death. To date, whether cancer cells have such phagocytic activity has not been studied. In this study, our data shows that ...
Sreenivasan Seethalakshmi - - 2012
Purpose: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common intraocular malignancy in children. Deregulation of several miRNAs has been identified in RB, suggesting a potential role in tumorigenesis. Recent evidence suggests that many dietary components like folate, retinoids and curcumin act as potential anticancer/antiproliferative agents by regulating the expression of miRNA. In ...
Zhu Jiang - - 2012
Biologic drugs, such as monoclonal antibodies, are commonly made using mammalian cells in culture. The cell lines used for manufacturing should ideally be clonal, meaning derived from a single cell, which represents a technically challenging process. Fetal bovine serum is often used to support low cell density cultures, however, from ...
Liu Shuai - - 2012
The CCN3/nephroblastoma overexpressed gene belongs to the CCN family of genes that encode secreted proteins involved in a variety of processes including tumorigenesis. Altered expression of CCN3 has been observed in human nephroblastoma and renal cell carcinoma (RCC), suggesting that CCN3 plays a role in kidney tumorigenesis. The aim of ...
Jeon D S - - 2012
Some of the airway complications relate to the use of cyclosporine (CsA), a potent agent widely used after organ transplantations. Several recent studies have demonstrated CsA treatment to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study was undertaken to investigate effects of CsA on production of ROS and antoxidant defense ...
Zhang Ji-Zhen - - 2012
The objective of our study was to investigate changes in cell morphology and viability after sonoporation. Sonoportion was achieved by ultrasound (21 kHz) exposure on adherent human prostate cancer DU145 cells in the cell culture dishes with the presence of microbubble contrast agents and calcein (a cell impermeant dye). We ...
Lin Guohe - - 2012
The presence of regulatory T cells in patients who received therapeutic cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells may inhibit host immunity, leading to failed immunotherapy. In this study, we investigated the impact of using interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the phenotype alteration, proliferation, and cytotoxic activity of CIK cells generated from the peripheral blood ...
Danhier P - - 2012
MRI cell tracking is a promising technique to track various cell types (stem cells, tumor cells, etc.) in living animals. Usually, cells are incubated with iron oxides (T(2) contrast agent) in order to take up the particles before being injected in vivo. Iron oxide quantification is important in such studies ...
Kataoka Ken - - 2012
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant tumor of bone in childhood and adolescence. Despite intensive research for new therapies, the outcome in patients with metastasis remains extremely poor. S100 proteins are involved in the proliferation, cell cycle progression and metastasis of numerous malignant tumors, including osteosarcoma. In the present study, ...
Barlow A D - - 2012
Rapamycin (sirolimus) is one of the primary immunosuppressants for islet transplantation. Yet there is evidence that the long-term treatment of islet-transplant patients with rapamycin may be responsible for subsequent loss of islet graft function and viability. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanism of ...
Villasenor Alethia - - 2012
Understanding the process by which pancreatic beta-cells acquire their "fate" is critical to the development of in vitro directed differentiation protocols for cell replacement therapies for diabetics. To date, these efforts are hampered by a paucity of markers that distinguish pancreatic endocrine cells at different stages of differentiation. Here, we ...
Taniuchi Keisuke - - 2012
We report that Binder of Arl Two (BART) plays a role in inhibiting cell invasion by regulating the activity of the Rho small guanosine triphosphatase protein Rac1 in pancreatic cancer cells. BART was originally identified as a binding partner of ADP-ribosylation factor-like 2, a small G protein implicated as a ...
Gray Joshua P - - 2012
NADPH is an important component of the antioxidant defense system and a proposed mediator in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) from pancreatic β-cells. An increase in the NADPH/NADP(+) ratio has been reported to occur within minutes following the rise in glucose concentration in β-cells. However, 30 min following the increase in ...
Zheng Xiaofeng - - 2012
Embryonic stem cell (ESC) identity and self-renewal is maintained by extrinsic signaling pathways and intrinsic gene regulatory networks. Here, we show that three members of the Ccr4-Not complex, Cnot1, Cnot2, and Cnot3, play critical roles in maintaining mouse and human ESC identity as a protein complex and inhibit differentiation into ...
Henson Sian M SM Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, 5 University Street, London, WC1E 6JF, UK. - - 2012
Persistent viral infections, inflammatory syndromes and ageing all induce the accumulation of highly differentiated CD45RA re-expressing memory T cells. These cells increase during ageing, especially in individuals who are infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV). These cells have decreased proliferative capacity, increased activation of senescence signalling pathways and greater susceptibility to apoptosis ...
Hosoya Masaki M Advanced Science Research Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan. - - 2012
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells obtained from patients are expected to be a useful source for cell transplantation therapy, because many patients (including those with type 1 diabetes and severe type 2 diabetes) are on waiting lists for transplantation for a long time due to the shortage of donors. ...
Shatos Marie A MA Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of progenitor cells in the uninjured, adult rat lacrimal gland (LG). The presence of progenitor cells was examined in LG sections from male rats using antibodies against selected stem cell markers and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA), which marks myoepithelial cells ...
Gong Xiao-Mei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Artemisinin has been shown to inhibit the growth of some human cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of artemisinin on cervical cancer cells and normal human fibroblast cells and also assessed some possible mechanisms for these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cervical cancer cell lines, ...
Korbee Nathalie - - 2012
The combined effect of high solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and nutrient supply in a phytoplankton community of a high mountain lake is analyzed in a in situ experiment for 6 days with 2 × 2 factorial design. Interactive UVR × nutrient effects on structural and functional variables (algal biomass, chlorophyll ...
Liu Zhiping - - 2012
The objective of this study was to explore the potential role of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in extending the proliferative lifespan of human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs) under long-term cultivation. A primary culture was initiated with a pure population of HCECs in DMEM/F12 media containing 10% fetal bovine serum ...
Newsholme Philip - - 2012
Growing evidence indicates that the regulation of intracellular ROS and RNS levels is essential for maintaining normal beta-cell glucose responsiveness. While long-term exposure to high glucose induces oxidative stress in beta cells, conflicting results have been published regarding the impact of ROS on acute glucose exposure and their role in ...
Bambang I F - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) correlates with disruption of cell-cell adhesion, loss of cell polarity and development of epithelial cell malignancy. Identifying novel molecules that inhibit EMT has profound potential for developing mechanism-based therapeutics. We previously demonstrated that the endoplasmic reticulum protein 29 (ERp29) is a novel factor that can drive ...
Solár Peter - - 2012
Erythropoietin (Epo) is a critical regulator of erythroid cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the form of a recombinant protein, it is widely used to treat various forms of anemia, including that associated with cancer and with the myelosuppressive effects of chemotherapy. Studies of ovarian cancer cell lines have demonstrated ...
Zhang X - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the function and mechanism of CYR61 on the migration and invasion of the trophoblast cell line, HTR-8/SVneo cells. STUDY DESIGN: The mRNA and protein levels of NUR77 in the placentas of normal and preeclampsia (PE) women were evaluated using real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Paraffin-embedded tissues ...
Gündüz Volkan - - 2012
The retinoblastoma gene, RB1, is frequently inactivated in a subset of tumors, including retinoblastoma and osteosarcoma (OS). One characteristic of OS, as well as other tumors in which RB1 is frequently inactivated, is the lack of N-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesions. The frequent inactivation of RB1 and parallel loss of N-cadherin expression ...
Yuan Yuan Y Chemical Biology Program, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of histones alter chromatin structure and play key roles in gene expression and specification of cell states. Small molecules that target chromatin-modifying enzymes selectively are useful as probes and have promise as therapeutics, although very few are currently available. G9a (also named euchromatin histone methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2)) catalyzes ...
Hoja-Ɓukowicz Dorota - - 2012
Dramatic changes in glycan biosynthesis during oncogenic transformation result in the emergence of marker glycans on the cell surface. We analysed the N-linked glycans of L1CAM from different stages of melanoma progression, using high-performance liquid chromatography combined with exoglycosidase sequencing, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and lectin probes. L1CAM ...
Moon Dora - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ability of a breast cancer cell to evade apoptosis has a key role in tumor progression and sensitivity to treatment. High levels of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in tumor cells have been found to promote apoptosis and sensitize cells to anti-cancer therapies. Bcl-2-associated X protein redistribution to the ...
Cheng Zhiqiang - - 2012
Caco-2 cell metallothionein (MT) formation was studied to determine if MT could be used as a proxy for zinc (Zn) absorption in a cell culture model. The MT intracellular concentration was determined using a cadmium/hemoglobin affinity assay. The cellular Zn uptake was determined by acid digests (5% HNO(3)) using inductively-coupled ...
Lim Shiang Y - - 2012
Pluripotent stem cells are a potential source of autologous cells for cell and tissue regenerative therapies. They have the ability to renew indefinitely while retaining the capacity to differentiate into all cell types in the body. With developments in cell therapy and tissue engineering these cells may provide an option ...
Ribot E J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the ability of balanced steady state free precession (b-SSFP) magnetic resonance imaging sequence to distinguish between live and lysed iron-labelled cells. METHODS: Human breast cancer cells were labelled with iron oxide nanoparticles. Cells were lysed using sonication. Imaging was performed at ...
Wilson H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Tolfenamic acid (TA) is an NSAID currently under investigation as an anticancer agent in humans. TA induces proteosome-dependent degradation of transcription factors Sp 1, 3, and 4. These proteins are known to be overexpressed in many human cancers. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the protein expression of Sps in canine tissue, ...
Jóskowiak A - - 2012
Two-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy (2D FS) provides a non-invasive means to assess cell condition without the introduction of changes to the cell environment. The method relies on the measurement of the excitation-emission fluorescence intensity matrix of key intrinsic fluorophores, like aromatic amino acids, enzyme cofactors, and vitamins. Commonly used detection systems ...
Li Lin - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer is difficult to detect early and responds poorly to chemotherapy. A breakthrough in the development of new therapeutic agents is urgently needed. Eriocalyxin B (EriB), isolated from the Isodon eriocalyx plant, is an ent-kaurane diterpenoid with promise as a broad-spectrum anti-cancer agent. The anti-leukemic activity of EriB, including ...
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