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Holdenrieder Stefan - - 2012
Circulating nucleosomes are elevated in the blood of patients with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Here, we investigated the nature and the dynamics of their release in functional cell studies. Leukemia blasts were exposed to the intrinsic inducers of apoptotic cell death, cytosine arabinoside (AraC; 10 μg/ml) and etoposide (50 μg/ml), ...
Nakajima Shingo - - 2012
Dietary peptides are potent stimulators of cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion, but the sensing mechanism in CCK-producing cells is poorly understood. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) mediates CCK secretion induced by amino acids. We investigated the role of CaSR in CCK secretions induced by various protein hydrolysates ...
Asada Ryoko - - 2012
In this study, using human tongue squamous carcinoma cells (HSC-4) carcinostatic activity was compared for diverse L-ascorbic acid (Asc) derivatives, including the 'straight-C(16)-chain types', 6-O-palmitoyl-Asc (A6-P) and Asc-2-phosphate-6-O-palmitate sodium salt (APPS), as well as the 'branched-C(16)-chain types', Asc-2-phosphate-6-O-(2'-hexyl)decanoate (APHD), an isomer of APPS, and Asc-2,3,5,6-O-tetra-(2'-hexyl)decanoate (VCIP). The order of magnitude ...
Fang Caiyun - - 2012
Hepatitis B can progress into hepatocellular carcinoma. Body irons may interfere with the clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and contribute to genesis of tumor. To investigate the role of iron played in HBV-related pathogenesis, here we studied the effect of iron with different concentrations and valence states on growth ...
Phutdhawong Weerachai - - 2012
A series of naphthoquinones fused benzazepines, 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]-benzazepine-8,13-diones, were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against four cell lines; human breast carcinoma cell line, human cervix carcinoma cell line, human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and human keratinocyte cell line. The results showed that 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-2,3,4,9-tetramethoxy-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]benzazepine-8,13-dione 4g and 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-2,3,9-trimethoxy-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]benzazepine-8,13-dione 4h have significant ...
Rato Luís - - 2012
Male factor infertility is increasing in developed countries, and several factors linked to lifestyle have been shown to negatively affect spermatogenesis. Sertoli cells are pivotal to spermatogenesis, providing nutritional support to germ cells throughout their development. Sertoli cells display atypical features in their cellular metabolism; they can metabolize various substrates, ...
Yiang Giou-Teng - - 2012
Phagocytic clearance of dying cells is found in many phagocytes. It has been shown that dying cells can be phagocytosed by other phagocytic cells through autophagic or apoptotic cellular death. To date, whether cancer cells have such phagocytic activity has not been studied. In this study, our data shows that ...
Sreenivasan Seethalakshmi - - 2012
Purpose: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common intraocular malignancy in children. Deregulation of several miRNAs has been identified in RB, suggesting a potential role in tumorigenesis. Recent evidence suggests that many dietary components like folate, retinoids and curcumin act as potential anticancer/antiproliferative agents by regulating the expression of miRNA. In ...
Zhu Jiang - - 2012
Biologic drugs, such as monoclonal antibodies, are commonly made using mammalian cells in culture. The cell lines used for manufacturing should ideally be clonal, meaning derived from a single cell, which represents a technically challenging process. Fetal bovine serum is often used to support low cell density cultures, however, from ...
Liu Shuai - - 2012
The CCN3/nephroblastoma overexpressed gene belongs to the CCN family of genes that encode secreted proteins involved in a variety of processes including tumorigenesis. Altered expression of CCN3 has been observed in human nephroblastoma and renal cell carcinoma (RCC), suggesting that CCN3 plays a role in kidney tumorigenesis. The aim of ...
Jeon D S - - 2012
Some of the airway complications relate to the use of cyclosporine (CsA), a potent agent widely used after organ transplantations. Several recent studies have demonstrated CsA treatment to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study was undertaken to investigate effects of CsA on production of ROS and antoxidant defense ...
Zhang Ji-Zhen - - 2012
The objective of our study was to investigate changes in cell morphology and viability after sonoporation. Sonoportion was achieved by ultrasound (21 kHz) exposure on adherent human prostate cancer DU145 cells in the cell culture dishes with the presence of microbubble contrast agents and calcein (a cell impermeant dye). We ...
Lin Guohe - - 2012
The presence of regulatory T cells in patients who received therapeutic cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells may inhibit host immunity, leading to failed immunotherapy. In this study, we investigated the impact of using interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the phenotype alteration, proliferation, and cytotoxic activity of CIK cells generated from the peripheral blood ...
Danhier P - - 2012
MRI cell tracking is a promising technique to track various cell types (stem cells, tumor cells, etc.) in living animals. Usually, cells are incubated with iron oxides (T(2) contrast agent) in order to take up the particles before being injected in vivo. Iron oxide quantification is important in such studies ...
Kataoka Ken - - 2012
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant tumor of bone in childhood and adolescence. Despite intensive research for new therapies, the outcome in patients with metastasis remains extremely poor. S100 proteins are involved in the proliferation, cell cycle progression and metastasis of numerous malignant tumors, including osteosarcoma. In the present study, ...
Shatos Marie A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of progenitor cells in the uninjured, adult rat lacrimal gland (LG). The presence of progenitor cells was examined in LG sections from male rats using antibodies against selected stem cell markers and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA), which marks myoepithelial cells ...
Barlow A D - - 2012
Rapamycin (sirolimus) is one of the primary immunosuppressants for islet transplantation. Yet there is evidence that the long-term treatment of islet-transplant patients with rapamycin may be responsible for subsequent loss of islet graft function and viability. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanism of ...
Villasenor Alethia - - 2012
Understanding the process by which pancreatic beta-cells acquire their "fate" is critical to the development of in vitro directed differentiation protocols for cell replacement therapies for diabetics. To date, these efforts are hampered by a paucity of markers that distinguish pancreatic endocrine cells at different stages of differentiation. Here, we ...
Hosoya Masaki - - 2012
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells obtained from patients are expected to be a useful source for cell transplantation therapy, because many patients (including those with type 1 diabetes and severe type 2 diabetes) are on waiting lists for transplantation for a long time due to the shortage of donors. ...
Taniuchi Keisuke - - 2012
We report that Binder of Arl Two (BART) plays a role in inhibiting cell invasion by regulating the activity of the Rho small guanosine triphosphatase protein Rac1 in pancreatic cancer cells. BART was originally identified as a binding partner of ADP-ribosylation factor-like 2, a small G protein implicated as a ...
Gray Joshua P - - 2012
NADPH is an important component of the antioxidant defense system and a proposed mediator in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) from pancreatic β-cells. An increase in the NADPH/NADP(+) ratio has been reported to occur within minutes following the rise in glucose concentration in β-cells. However, 30 min following the increase in ...
Zheng Xiaofeng - - 2012
Embryonic stem cell (ESC) identity and self-renewal is maintained by extrinsic signaling pathways and intrinsic gene regulatory networks. Here, we show that three members of the Ccr4-Not complex, Cnot1, Cnot2, and Cnot3, play critical roles in maintaining mouse and human ESC identity as a protein complex and inhibit differentiation into ...
Henson Sian M SM Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, 5 University Street, London, WC1E 6JF, UK. - - 2012
Persistent viral infections, inflammatory syndromes and ageing all induce the accumulation of highly differentiated CD45RA re-expressing memory T cells. These cells increase during ageing, especially in individuals who are infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV). These cells have decreased proliferative capacity, increased activation of senescence signalling pathways and greater susceptibility to apoptosis ...
Gong Xiao-Mei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Artemisinin has been shown to inhibit the growth of some human cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of artemisinin on cervical cancer cells and normal human fibroblast cells and also assessed some possible mechanisms for these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cervical cancer cell lines, ...
Korbee Nathalie - - 2012
The combined effect of high solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and nutrient supply in a phytoplankton community of a high mountain lake is analyzed in a in situ experiment for 6 days with 2 × 2 factorial design. Interactive UVR × nutrient effects on structural and functional variables (algal biomass, chlorophyll ...
Liu Zhiping - - 2012
The objective of this study was to explore the potential role of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in extending the proliferative lifespan of human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs) under long-term cultivation. A primary culture was initiated with a pure population of HCECs in DMEM/F12 media containing 10% fetal bovine serum ...
Newsholme Philip - - 2012
Growing evidence indicates that the regulation of intracellular ROS and RNS levels is essential for maintaining normal beta-cell glucose responsiveness. While long-term exposure to high glucose induces oxidative stress in beta cells, conflicting results have been published regarding the impact of ROS on acute glucose exposure and their role in ...
Bambang I F - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) correlates with disruption of cell-cell adhesion, loss of cell polarity and development of epithelial cell malignancy. Identifying novel molecules that inhibit EMT has profound potential for developing mechanism-based therapeutics. We previously demonstrated that the endoplasmic reticulum protein 29 (ERp29) is a novel factor that can drive ...
Solár Peter - - 2012
Erythropoietin (Epo) is a critical regulator of erythroid cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the form of a recombinant protein, it is widely used to treat various forms of anemia, including that associated with cancer and with the myelosuppressive effects of chemotherapy. Studies of ovarian cancer cell lines have demonstrated ...
Zhang X - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the function and mechanism of CYR61 on the migration and invasion of the trophoblast cell line, HTR-8/SVneo cells. STUDY DESIGN: The mRNA and protein levels of NUR77 in the placentas of normal and preeclampsia (PE) women were evaluated using real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Paraffin-embedded tissues ...
Gündüz Volkan - - 2012
The retinoblastoma gene, RB1, is frequently inactivated in a subset of tumors, including retinoblastoma and osteosarcoma (OS). One characteristic of OS, as well as other tumors in which RB1 is frequently inactivated, is the lack of N-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesions. The frequent inactivation of RB1 and parallel loss of N-cadherin expression ...
Yuan Yuan Y Chemical Biology Program, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of histones alter chromatin structure and play key roles in gene expression and specification of cell states. Small molecules that target chromatin-modifying enzymes selectively are useful as probes and have promise as therapeutics, although very few are currently available. G9a (also named euchromatin histone methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2)) catalyzes ...
Hoja-Łukowicz Dorota - - 2012
Dramatic changes in glycan biosynthesis during oncogenic transformation result in the emergence of marker glycans on the cell surface. We analysed the N-linked glycans of L1CAM from different stages of melanoma progression, using high-performance liquid chromatography combined with exoglycosidase sequencing, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and lectin probes. L1CAM ...
Moon Dora - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ability of a breast cancer cell to evade apoptosis has a key role in tumor progression and sensitivity to treatment. High levels of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in tumor cells have been found to promote apoptosis and sensitize cells to anti-cancer therapies. Bcl-2-associated X protein redistribution to the ...
Cheng Zhiqiang - - 2012
Caco-2 cell metallothionein (MT) formation was studied to determine if MT could be used as a proxy for zinc (Zn) absorption in a cell culture model. The MT intracellular concentration was determined using a cadmium/hemoglobin affinity assay. The cellular Zn uptake was determined by acid digests (5% HNO(3)) using inductively-coupled ...
Lim Shiang Y - - 2012
Pluripotent stem cells are a potential source of autologous cells for cell and tissue regenerative therapies. They have the ability to renew indefinitely while retaining the capacity to differentiate into all cell types in the body. With developments in cell therapy and tissue engineering these cells may provide an option ...
Ribot E J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the ability of balanced steady state free precession (b-SSFP) magnetic resonance imaging sequence to distinguish between live and lysed iron-labelled cells. METHODS: Human breast cancer cells were labelled with iron oxide nanoparticles. Cells were lysed using sonication. Imaging was performed at ...
Wilson H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Tolfenamic acid (TA) is an NSAID currently under investigation as an anticancer agent in humans. TA induces proteosome-dependent degradation of transcription factors Sp 1, 3, and 4. These proteins are known to be overexpressed in many human cancers. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the protein expression of Sps in canine tissue, ...
Jóskowiak A - - 2012
Two-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy (2D FS) provides a non-invasive means to assess cell condition without the introduction of changes to the cell environment. The method relies on the measurement of the excitation-emission fluorescence intensity matrix of key intrinsic fluorophores, like aromatic amino acids, enzyme cofactors, and vitamins. Commonly used detection systems ...
Li Lin - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer is difficult to detect early and responds poorly to chemotherapy. A breakthrough in the development of new therapeutic agents is urgently needed. Eriocalyxin B (EriB), isolated from the Isodon eriocalyx plant, is an ent-kaurane diterpenoid with promise as a broad-spectrum anti-cancer agent. The anti-leukemic activity of EriB, including ...
Hah Young-Sool - - 2012
Melanogenesis is one of the characteristic parameters of differentiation in melanocytes and melanoma cells. Specific inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), such as wortmannin and LY294002, stimulate melanin production in mouse and in human melanoma cells, suggesting that PI3K and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) might be involved in the regulation ...
Jin Xiaoxia - - 2012
Cell motion in a magnetic field reveals the presence of intracellular paramagnetic elements, such as iron or manganese. Under controlled field and liquid media composition, such motion previously allowed us to compare the paramagnetic contribution to cell magnetic susceptibility in erythrocytes differing in the spin state of heme associated with ...
Yates Katherine R - - 2012
Duramycin is a polypeptide that binds specifically to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) on cell surfaces with high affinity, and has been shown to disrupt tumour cell surface-based coagulation and exhibit weak antimicrobial activity. The aim of the present study was to characterize the effect of duramycin on tumour cell proliferation and viability. ...
Solatycka Alicja - - 2012
A good correlation between expression of MUC1 and T antigen was found in breast cancer tumors and breast cancer cell lines, especially after treatment with neuraminidase. The association between the appearance of T antigen and overexpression of MUC1 was further confirmed by transfecting MDA-MB-231 cells and murine 4T1 mammary carcinoma ...
Prosperini A - - 2012
Beauvericin (BEA) is a cyclohexadepsipeptide mycotoxin which has insecticidal properties and produces cytotoxic effects in mammalian cells. Fusaproliferin (FUS) is a mycotoxin that has toxic activity against brine shrimp, insect cells, and teratogenic effects on chicken embryos. The aim of this study was to determine the cytotoxicity of BEA and ...
Bergman Zane J - - 2012
The organization of microtubules is determined in most cells by a microtubule-organizing center, which nucleates microtubule assembly and anchors their minus ends. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking She1, cytoplasmic microtubules detach from the spindle pole body at high rates. Increased rates of detachment depend on dynein activity, supporting previous evidence ...
Knapp Anna A Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. - - 2012
In obesity, the cells are exposed to excessive amounts of nutrients, especially free fatty acids (FFAs) that induce a variety of metabolic changes. We investigated the effect of FFAs on the mitochondrial function in different cell populations under stress conditions. Human adipose tissue progenitor cells (SVF) or endothelial cells (HUVECs) ...
Vignjević Sanja - - 2012
The pancreas appears to be a major source of ghrelin during fetal development, but the ontogeny of ghrelin cells in the human pancreas and their developmental relationship with α- and β-cells remain largely unknown. In the present study, we examined the dynamics of ghrelin cell growth, colocalization of ghrelin with ...
Swarnkar Supriya - - 2012
Rotenone causes cytotoxicity in astrocytic cell culture by glial activation, which is linked to free radical generation. The present study is an investigation to explore whether rotenone could also cause cellular toxicity in mouse neuroblastoma cells (Neuro-2a) under treatment similar to astroglial cells. The effect of rotenone (0.1, 1, and ...
Chan Leong-Perng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Apigenin, a natural plant flavone, may have chemopreventive and therapeutic potentials for anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer. Nevertheless, the anti-tumor effect of apigenin on human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is not fully understood. METHODS: The antioxidant capacity and protective effects of apigenin against oxidative stress in murine ...
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