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Balbach Sebastian T ST Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine, Röntgenstr. 20, Münster, 48149, - - 2015
Nuclear transfer (NT) into mouse oocytes yields a transcriptionally and functionally heterogeneous population of cloned embryos. Most studies of NT embryos consider only embryos at predefined key stages (e.g., morula or blastocyst), that is, after the bulk of reprogramming has taken place. These retrospective approaches are of limited use to ...
Wolter Daniel J DJ Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2014
In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Hammer et al. (2014) show that distinct, slow-growing bacteria have better in vitro and in vivo growth and virulence when cocultured than in isolation. They provide evidence that the observed inter- and intraspecies "complementation" involves the intercellular exchange of metabolites.
Wratil Paul R PR Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, - - 2014
Due to its position at the outermost of glycans, sialic acid is involved in a myriad of physiological and pathophysiological cell functions such as host-pathogen interactions, immune regulation and tumor evasion. Inhibitors of cell surface sialylation could be a useful tool in cancer, immune, antibiotic, or antiviral therapy. In this ...
Mitxitorena Izaskun I Institut de Neurociènces, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
T cells engage with antigen-presenting cells to form immunological synapses. These intimate contacts are characterized by the complex arrangement of molecules at the intercellular interface, which has been described as the supramolecular activation cluster (SMAC). However, due to T cells functioning without SMAC formation and the difficulties of studying these ...
Pfister Sandra S Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland; Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, - - 2014
The olfactory epithelium (OE) of mice deficient in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) exhibits ion transport deficiencies reported in human CF airways, as well as progressive neuronal loss, suggesting defects in olfactory neuron homeostasis. Microvillar cells, a specialized OE cell-subtype, have been implicated in maintaining tissue homeostasis. These cells ...
Laval Kathlyn K Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Ghent University, - - 2014
Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) replicates in the epithelial cells of the upper respiratory tract and disseminates through the body via a cell-associated viremia in monocytic cells, despite the presence of neutralizing antibodies. However, the mechanism by which EHV-1 hijacks immune cells and uses them as 'Trojan horses' in order ...
Kongsbak Martin - - 2014
Background In vitro studies have shown that the active form of vitamin D3, 1¿,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), can regulate differentiation of CD4+ T cells by inhibiting Th1 and Th17 cell differentiation and promoting Th2 and Treg cell differentiation. However, the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D3 is far below the effective concentration of ...
Schmeits P C J PC RIKILT Institute of Food Safety, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 230, 6700 AE, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Transcriptomics in combination with in vitro cell systems is a powerful approach to unravel modes of action of toxicants. An important question is to which extent the modes of action as revealed by transcriptomics depend on cell type, species and study type (in vitro or in vivo). To acquire more ...
Rodriguez Saint-Jean S S Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, C/Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
In the present work, the establishment and biological characterization of a new cell line, SSP-9, derived from the pronephros of the Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, are reported. These cells grew well in Leibovitz's (L15) medium supplemented with 10% foetal calf serum at temperatures from 15 to 25° C, and they ...
Jiang Yi Y State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, PR China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou 310003, PR - - 2014
In our previous study, we found that polymorphisms of the mpt64 gene in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) may be the reason for changes in the antigen produced, which may in turn cause alterations of related functions. Based on the data, we further analyzed T/B cell epitope regions and non-epitope ...
Ovadya Yossi Y Department of Molecular Cell Biology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100, Rehovot, - - 2014
The progression of physiological ageing is driven by intracellular aberrations including telomere attrition, genomic instability, epigenetic alterations and loss of proteostasis. These in turn damage cells and compromise their functionality. Cellular senescence, a stable irreversible cell-cycle arrest, is elicited in damaged cells and prevents their propagation in the organism. Under ...
Brodowska Katarzyna K Retina Service, Angiogenesis Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Recent studies suggest that the anti‑diabetic drug metformin may reduce the risk of cancer and have anti‑proliferative effects for some but not all cancers. In this study, we examined the effects of metformin on human retinoblastoma cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Two different human retinoblastoma cell lines (Y79, WERI) were ...
Rocha-Perugini Vera V Servicio de Inmunología; Hospital Universitario de la Princesa; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de la Princesa; Madrid, Spain; Vascular Biology and Inflammation Department; Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares; Madrid, - - 2014
Nuclear lamins A/C control several critical cellular functions, e.g., chromatin organization, gene transcription, DNA replication, DNA damage responses, cell cycle progression, cell differentiation, and cell polarization during migration. However, few studies have addressed the role of lamins A/C in the control of the functions of immune cells. Recently, we have ...
Hendriks W K WK Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 114, 3584 CM Utrecht, The - - 2014
Equine embryos are cryopreserved by slow-freezing or vitrification. While small embryos (<300 μm) survive cryopreservation reasonably well, larger embryos do not. It is not clear if slow-freezing or vitrification is less damaging to horse embryos. To compare the type and extent of cellular damage suffered by small and large embryos ...
Olofinsae Samson Ayodeji SA School of Health, Sport and Bioscience, University of East London, United - - 2014
To investigate the effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) on oxygen consumption of differentiated and non-differentiated immune cell lines by retinoic acid and calcitriol treatment which might be useful in subsequent elicitation of immunological action during immunosuppressive states. PMA and FMLP were used to artificially stimulate reactive ...
Tateishi Ken K National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 2-1-2 Kan-non dai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8602, Japan, - - 2014
A new cell line, designated NIAS-SL64, was established from the fat body of the fifth instar larvae of the common cutworm Spodoptera litura. NIAS-SL64 cells grew as spindle-shaped and non-adherent cells in the insect-specific cell culture medium MGM-450 supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. Criterions for the establishment of the ...
Zhu Ha H The Sperm Laboratory, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2014
Decidualization of endometrium, which is characterized by endometrial stromal cell (ESC) decidualization, vascular reconstruction, immune cell recruitment, and plentiful molecule production, is a crucial step for uterus to become receptive for embryo. When implantation takes place, ESCs surround and directly interact with embryo. Decidualized stromal cells (DSCs) are of great ...
Cremasco Viviana V 1] Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2014
Fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) are known to inhabit T cell-rich areas of lymphoid organs, where they function to facilitate interactions between T cells and dendritic cells. However, in vivo manipulation of FRCs has been limited by a dearth of genetic tools that target this lineage. Here, using a mouse model ...
Di Mitri Diletta D 1] Institute of Oncology Research (IOR), Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona CH6500, Switzerland - - 2014
Aberrant activation of oncogenes or loss of tumour suppressor genes opposes malignant transformation by triggering a stable arrest in cell growth, which is termed cellular senescence. This process is finely tuned by both cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous mechanisms that regulate the entry of tumour cells to senescence. Whether tumour-infiltrating immune cells ...
Takahashi Toshio T Suntory Foundation for Life Sciences, Bioorganic Research Institute, Osaka, 618-8503, - - 2014
Non-neuronal acetylcholine (non-neuronal ACh) is predicted to function as a local cell signaling molecule. However, the physiological significance of the synthesis of non-neuronal ACh in the intestine remains unclear. Here, experiments using crypt-villus organoids that lack nerve and immune cells in culture led us to suggest that endogenous ACh is ...
Hassan Burhan B Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
We tested the antitumor efficacy of mTOR catalytic site inhibitor MLN0128 in models with intrinsic or acquired rapamycin-resistance. Cell lines that were intrinsically rapamycin-resistant as well as those that were intrinsically rapamycin-sensitive were sensitive to MLN0128 in vitro. MLN0128 inhibited both mTORC1 and mTORC2 signaling, with more robust inhibition of ...
Gerriets Valerie A VA Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, NC , - - 2014
Nutritional status is critically important for immune cell function. While obesity is characterized by inflammation that promotes metabolic syndrome including cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance, malnutrition can result in immune cell defects and increased risk of mortality from infectious diseases. T cells play an important role in the immune adaptation ...
Rougeot Julien J Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, 2333 CC, Leiden, The - - 2014
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is increasingly used as a model for studying infectious diseases. This nonmammalian vertebrate host, which is transparent at the early life stages, is especially attractive for live imaging of interactions between pathogens and host cells. A number of useful fluorescent reporter lines have recently been developed ...
Rodríguez-Sanz Héctor - - 2014
In Quercus suber, cork oak, a Mediterranean forest tree of economic and social interest, rapid production of isogenic lines and clonal propagation of elite genotypes have been achieved by developing in vitro embryogenesis from microspores and zygotic embryos respectively. Despite its high potential in tree breeding strategies, due to their ...
Zarrouk Marouan M Division of Cell Signalling and Immunology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United - - 2014
The anti-diabetic drug metformin regulates T-cell responses to immune activation and is proposed to function by regulating the energy-stress-sensing adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, the molecular details of how metformin controls T cell immune responses have not been studied nor is there any direct evidence that metformin acts on T ...
da Silva Priscila C A PC Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
In multicellular organisms, cell motility is central in all morphogenetic processes, tissue maintenance, wound healing and immune surveillance. Hence, failures in its regulation potentiates numerous diseases. Here, cell migration assays on plastic 2D surfaces were performed using normal (Melan A) and tumoral (B16F10) murine melanocytes in random motility conditions. The ...
Rydell-Törmänen Kristina K Dept. Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
The ECM exerts great effects on cells, and changed composition may therefore have profound impact. Small leucine-rich proteoglycans, e.g. fibromodulin, are essential in collagen assembly. Our aim was to investigate the role of fibromodulin in healthy and fibrotic lung parenchyma, theorizing that fibromodulin-deficient animals would be protected against fibrosis. Repeated ...
Ekino Shigeo S Department of Histology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Honjo, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The bursa of Fabricius is a primary lymphoid organ for B-cell development and gut-associated lymphoid tissue. After hatching, IgG-containing cells with reticular branches are found in the medulla of bursal follicles on frozen sections stained with anti-Cγ antibody, and IgM(+)IgG(+) B cells are detected in single-cell suspension of the bursa. ...
Zhao Shuang S MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
Brazilein, a natural small molecule, shows a variety of pharmacological activities, especially on nervous system and immune system. As a potential multifunctional drug, we studied the distribution and the transport behavior and metabolic behavior of brazilein in vivo and in vitro. Brazilein was found to be able to distribute in ...
Agliari Elena E Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di - - 2014
Scope of the present work is to infer the migratory ability of leukocytes by stochastic processes in order to distinguish the spontaneous organization of immune cells against an insult (namely cancer). For this purpose, spleen cells from immunodeficient mice, selectively lacking the transcription factor IRF-8 (IRF-8 knockout; IRF-8 KO), or ...
Singla Arvind K AK Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Caerulomycin A (CaeA) is a known antifungal and antibiotic agent. Further, CaeA is reported to induce the expansion of regulatory T cell and prolongs the survival of skin allografts in mouse model of transplantation. In the current study, CaeA was purified and characterized from a novel species of actinomycetes, Actinoalloteichus ...
Park Ki E KE University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Rd. Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2013
The cardiovascular cell therapy network was developed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to design and conduct clinical trials to advance the field of cardiovascular (CV) cell-based therapy. The Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Network successfully completed three clinical trials involving approximately 300 subjects across five centers and six satellites. ...
Huang Chenyu - - 2013
It has long been thought that the effectiveness and efficiency of physical therapy would improve if our understanding of the cell biology/biochemistry that participates in mechanics could be improved. Traditional physical therapy focuses primarily on rehabilitation, but recent developments in mechanobiology that illuminated the effects of physical forces on cells ...
Jacob M M Wistar Institute, 3601 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Tissue remodeling is critical during development and wound healing. It also characterizes a number of pathologic conditions, including chronic inflammation, fibrosis and cancer. It is well appreciated that reactive stromal cells play critical roles in these settings. However, understanding of the mechanisms involved in the differentiation of reactive stromal cells ...
Spence Heather J HJ The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Rd., Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, - - 2012
The Scar (suppressor of cAMP receptor)/WAVE [WASP (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein) verprolin homologous] complex plays a major role in the motility of cells by activating the Arp2/3 complex, which initiates actin branching and drives protrusions. Mammals have three Scar/WAVE isoforms, which show some tissue-specific expression, but their functions have not been ...
Pajoohesh-Ganji Ahdeah - - 2012
Goblet cells are terminally differentiated cells secreting mucins and antibacterial peptides that play an important role in maintaining the health of the cornea. In corneal stem cell deficiency, the progenitor cells giving rise to goblet cells on the cornea are presumed to arise from differentiation of cells that migrate onto ...
Wang Lei-Lei - - 2012
Inflammation plays important roles in the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR). How Müller cells contribute to DR-related inflammation remains unclear. We hypothesized that under diabetic conditions, elevated histone acetylations in Müller cells contribute to the inflammatory response. In this study, significantly increased histone acetylations, elevated histone acetyltranferases levels, and decreased ...
Nedosekin Dmitry A - - 2012
In vivo photoacoustic (PA) and fluorescence flow cytometry were previously applied separately using pulsed and continuous wave lasers respectively, and positive contrast detection mode only. This paper introduces a real-time integration of both techniques with positive and negative contrast modes using only pulsed lasers. Various applications of this new tool ...
Hu Wenqi - - 2012
A novel hydrogel microrobot made of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) is reported. This disk-shaped microrobot is optothermally actuated by laser-induced bubbles. A pulsed laser is used to smoothly actuate an 80-μm-diameter bubble microrobot at up to 320 μm s(-1). A single microrobot or a pair of microrobots working in cooperation ...
Witherden Deborah A - - 2012
γδ T cells respond rapidly to keratinocyte damage, providing essential contributions to the skin wound healing process. The molecular interactions regulating their response are unknown. Here, we identify a role for interaction of plexin B2 with the CD100 receptor in epithelial repair. In vitro blocking of plexin B2 or CD100 inhibited γδ ...
Pakhomova Olga N - - 2012
Nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) is a novel modality for permeabilization of membranous structures and intracellular delivery of xenobiotics. We hypothesized that oxidative effects of nsPEF could be a separate primary mechanism responsible for bioeffects. ROS production in cultured cells and media exposed to 300-ns PEF (1-13 kV/cm) was assessed ...
Turner William S - - 2012
The packaging and delivery of cells for cardiac regeneration has been explored using a variety biomaterials and delivery methods, but these studies often ignore one or more important design factors critical for rebuilding cardiac tissue. These include the biomaterial architecture, strength and stiffness, cell alignment, and/or incorporation of multiple cell ...
Schlie Sabrina - - 2012
Topographical cues have a significant impact on cell responses and by this means, on the fabrication of innovative implant materials. However, analysis of cell-topography interactions in dependence of the surface feature dimensions is still challenging due to limitations in the fabrication technology. Here, we introduce surface structuring via picosecond laser ...
Karnas Diana - - 2012
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGCs) types can be distinguished by their dendritic tree stratification and intensity of melanopsin staining. We identified heavily stained melanopsin positive M1 cells branching in the outermost part of the inner plexiform layer (IPL) and weakly melanopsin positive M2 cells branching in the innermost layer ...
Cruz de Carvalho Ricardo - - 2012
Background and AimsThe aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica requires a slow rate of dehydration to survive a desiccation event. The present work examined whether differences in the dehydration rate resulted in corresponding differences in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and therefore in the amount of cell damage.MethodsIntracellular ROS production ...
Bragheri F - - 2012
The main trend in optofluidics is currently towards full integration of the devices, thus improving automation, compactness and portability. In this respect femtosecond laser microfabrication is a very powerful technology given its capability of producing both optical waveguides and microfluidic channels. The current challenge in biology is the possibility to ...
Emes Yusuf - - 2012
To compare the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on osteoblast cells in a cell culture model. Fifty thousand neonatal rat calvarial osteoblast-like cells per milliliter were seeded and 0.06 mT PEMF, 0.2 mT PEMF, and LLLT at 808 nm were applied for 24 and 96 h on the ...
Joshi Sagar D - - 2012
Sheets of embryonic epithelial cells coordinate their efforts to create diverse tissue structures such as pits, grooves, tubes, and capsules that lead to organ formation. Such cells can use a number of cell behaviors including contractility, proliferation, and directed movement to create these structures. By contrast, tissue engineers and researchers ...
Leopold Philip L - - 2012
Wound healing and cancer metastasis share a common starting point, namely, a change in the phenotype of some cells from stationary to motile. The term, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes the changes in molecular biology and cellular physiology that allow a cell to transition from a sedentary cell to a motile ...
Lin Hsin-Yu - - 2012
Small molecule BODIPY dyes incorporating conjugated substituents at the β sites have been synthesized. Solution processed inverted bulk heterojunction cells were fabricated from the blends of the dyes and PC(71)BM. The cells exhibited very high open-circuit voltages (>0.9 V) and a high conversion efficiency of 3.22% has been achieved.
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