Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2926
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Tokalov S V - - 2011
Radiation-induced progression delay in G(1)/S, S and G(2)/M phases of p53 wild-type Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells growing in vivo was investigated by DNA flow cytometry. Different behavior patterns of EAC cells at the time after irradiation with low (2, 4, 6, 8 Gy) and high (10, 15, 20 Gy) doses were ...
Kosar A - - 2011
The paper presents a study investigating the destructive energy output resulting from hydrodynamic bubbly cavitation in microchannels and its potential use in biomedical applications. The research performed in this study includes results from bubbly cavitation experiments and findings showing the destructive effects of bubbly cavitating flow on selected solid specimens ...
Di Giambattista Lucia - - 2011
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection can be used to discriminate the necrotic from the apoptotic cell death in a tumoral T cell line irradiated by a UV source able to induce both apoptosis and necrosis. Using Jurkat cells as the model system, significant spectral differences in the ...
Petroni Daniel - - 2011
Acute neurotoxic effects of high-dose methylmercury (MeHg) in humans have been well documented in the scientific literature. However, low-dose effects are less well described. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of low-dose MeHg (<100 nM) on human brain cells in a tissue culture model. Neuroblastoma (NB) cells (SH-SY5Y) ...
Barbero J L - - 2011
Apart from a personal tragedy, could Down syndrome, cancer and infertility possibly have something in common? Are there links between a syndrome with physical and mental problems, a tumor growing out of control and the incapability to reproduce? These questions can be answered if we look at the biological functions ...
Kurz Christian M - - 2011
There is a lack of methods suitable for generation of data about the dynamics of effects on cell membranes with a high sensitivity. Such methods are urgently needed to support the optimisation of interaction of substances, particles or materials with cell. The goal of this article is to use an ...
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2011
The radiosensitizing activity of celastrol, a quinone methide triterpene was examined. We found that celastrol treatment of the NCI-H460 lung cancer cell line increased radiation-induced cell killing. The increased radiosensitivity was correlated with decreased levels of Hsp90 clients, such as EGFR, ErbB2 and survivin as well as with increased p53 ...
Grosicka-Maciąg Emilia - - 2011
The role of antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) in protection against cellular changes triggered by maneb during in vitro exposure was investigated in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. We observed high apoptotic activity and high oxidative stress induced by exposure to maneb evidenced by a statistically significant increase in lipid peroxidation (measured ...
Kundrát P - - 2011
The removal of transformed cells via induction of apoptosis through intercellular signalling by surrounding cells is supposed to represent an important control mechanism limiting carcinogenesis. Low doses of radiation influence the efficiency of this anti-carcinogenesis process, indicating possible beneficial effects of low doses of radiation mediated by intercellular communication ('non-targeted ...
Conrad Sandro - - 2011
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are arguably the most important lesions induced by ionizing radiation (IR) since unrepaired or mis-repaired DSBs can lead to chromosomal aberrations and cell death. The two major pathways to repair IR-induced DSBs are non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). Perhaps surprisingly, NHEJ represents the predominant ...
Hercbergs Aleck H - - 2011
We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed ...
Lee Sung Hoon - - 2011
In order to match the controllability of traditional pipetting with the advantages of microfluidics, we introduce the concept of polymer based chemical delivery to multichannel capillary patterned cells. Here we demonstrate that UV polymerized hydrogel can be used as a miniature pipet to deliver picolitre chemical quantities to multichannel capillary ...
Singh Kamaleshwar P - - 2011
Arsenic is a known carcinogen, and its exposure is associated with cancers in multiple target organs including the prostate. Whether arsenic causes cancer by increased cell proliferation or cell survival is not clear. Additionally, mitochondria have been shown to play important roles in arsenic-induced DNA damage and carcinogenesis. However, the ...
Konopacka M - - 2011
In this study, the dose distribution of photon (6MV) and electron (22MeV) radiation in a water-phantom was compared with the frequency of apoptotic and micronucleated cells of two human cell lines (BEAS-2B normal bronchial epithelial cells and A549 lung cancer epithelial cells). Formation of micronuclei and apoptotic-like bodies was evaluated ...
Myers Judith M - - 2011
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds (e.g. chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells where they are reduced to reactive Cr intermediates that can directly oxidize some cell components and can promote the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Inhalation is a major route of exposure which directly exposes the ...
Niermann Kenneth J - - 2011
Aurora kinase B (AURKB) is critical to the process of mitosis, aiding in chromosome condensation by phosphorylating histone H3. We investigated the effects of AZD1152, an AURKB inhibitor, on radiosensitivity of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells. The goal of this study was to test whether AZD1152 increases the susceptibility of hormone-refractory ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing cell ...
Tu Szu-wei - - 2011
WNK [with no lysine (K)] protein kinases are found in all sequenced multicellular and many unicellular organisms. WNKs influence ion balance. Two WNK family members are associated with a single gene form of hypertension. RNA interference screens have implicated WNKs in survival and growth, and WNK1 is essential for viability ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing ...
Jørgensen Stine - - 2011
The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by multiple ubiquitin-mediated events, such as the timely destruction of cyclins and replication licensing factors. The histone H4 methyltransferase SET8 (Pr-Set7) is required for chromosome compaction in mitosis and for maintenance of genome integrity. In this study, we show that SET8 is targeted for ...
Ukpebor Justina - - 2011
Organophosphorus pesticide (OPP) toxicity is believed to be mediated through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Given their widespread distribution in aquatic systems and their ability to undergo chemical transformation, their environmental impacts at sublethal concentrations in nontarget organisms have become an important question. We conducted a number of mammalian-cell genotoxic and ...
Gupta Seema - - 2011
Purpose: In this study, the role of hyper-radiation sensitivity (HRS) in potentiating the effects of cisplatin by low dose fractionated radiation (LDFRT) was evaluated in four human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. Experimental Design: Presence of HRS and cisplatin enhancement ratio (CER) by LDFRT/2Gy was assessed using colony-forming and ...
Wang Chengrun - - 2011
Effects of lanthanum (La) on mineral nutrients, cell cycles, and root lengthening have been little reported. The present work investigated these physiological responses in roots of Vicia faba seedlings cultivated in La(3+)-contained solutions for 15 days. The results showed that the increasing contents of La in the roots and leaves contributed ...
Marangoni Roberto - - 2011
Fabrea salina is a hypersaline ciliate that is known to be among the strongest ultraviolet (UV)-resistant microorganisms; however, the molecular mechanisms of this resistance are almost unknown. By means of in vivo NMR spectroscopy, we determined the metabolic profile of living F. salina cells exposed to visible light and to polychromatic ...
Wang Shu-Chi - - 2011
To investigate the effects of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death pathways on the response of U87MG glioma cells to ionising radiation (IR) and oxidative stress. ATM expression was blocked in U87MG glioma cells using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Cell survival, sub-lethal damage ...
Jensen Hanne - - 2011
Nephrotoxicity, associated with the administration of iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM), continues to be a major side effect in a significant number of vulnerable patients undergoing diagnostic X-ray imaging procedures. The molecular mechanisms underlying these adverse effects on the kidneys are unclear despite several decades of investigation. Side effects are ...
Cardone John - - 2011
The intestinal epithelium not only provides a vital physical barrier between the host and environment but is also required for uptake of nutrients and the induction of tolerance against commensals. Deregulation of any of these functions leads to several disease states including chronic infection, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer. Here, ...
Shimizu Noriaki - - 2011
In addition to micronuclei that are formed from chromosomal material (the chromosome-type micronuclei), there are also micronuclei formed from extrachromosomal elements [the double minute (DM)-type micronuclei]. These two types of micronuclei are distinct entities, which exist and arise independently in a cell. A DM is a large extrachromosomal element that ...
Sultan Sébastien - - 2011
Associative olfactory learning increased survival of adult born granule interneurons in the olfactory bulb (OB) at regions which are specific to the learned odorant. However, the mechanism shaping this odor-specific distribution of newborn neurons and its temporal relationship with the learning process are unknown. In the present study, using Bromodeoxyuridine ...
Menghini L - - 2011
Plants of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) furnish edible fruits and derivates that have been used for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. In the present work we compare two commercial extracts that contain proanthocyanins (PACs) at 4 percent and 20 percent for antimicrobial, antiproliferative, antiradical and protective properties against ...
Wang Gang - - 2011
Numerous engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) exist and new ENMs are being developed. A challenge to nanotoxicology and environmental health and safety is evaluating toxicity of ENMs before they become widely utilized. Cellular assays remain the predominant test platform yet these methods are limited by using discrete time endpoints and reliance on ...
Youn Hyun-Yi - - 2011
The purpose was to develop suitable in vitro methods to detect ocular epithelial cell damage when exposed to UV radiation, in an effort to evaluate UV-absorbing ophthalmic biomaterials. Human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC), lens epithelial cells (HLEC), and retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) were cultured and Ultraviolet A/Ultraviolet B (UVA/UVB) ...
Liao Feng - - 2011
Fullerene [C60] included in polyethylene glycol (PEG) at a composing ratio of 1:350 w/w was examined for anticancer effects upon photodynamic therapy (PDT). Human connective tissue-derived fibrosarcoma cells HT1080 were decreased for a viability of 50% or 30%, by 3-h administration with PEG-fullerene [C60] at 50 or 100 ppm fullerene ...
Niemoeller Olivier M - - 2011
MicroRNAs are regulators of central cellular processes and are implicated in the pathogenesis and prognosis of human cancers. MicroRNAs also modulate responses to anti-cancer therapy. In the context of radiation oncology microRNAs were found to modulate cell death and proliferation after irradiation. However, changes in microRNA expression profiles in response ...
da Volta Soares Mariana - - 2011
In this study, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) was loaded onto poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL) nanoparticles (NPs) using a solvent emulsification-evaporation method. The process yield and encapsulation efficiency were 74.2% ± 1.2% and 67.1% ± 0.9%, respectively. The NPs had a mean diameter of 187.4 ± 2.1 nm, narrow distribution size with a polydispersity ...
Kumar Neelima R - - 2011
The present study was carried out to find the effect of cell phone radiations on various biomolecules in the adult workers of Apis mellifera L. The results of the treated adults were analyzed and compared with the control. Radiation from the cell phone influences honey bees' behavior and physiology. There ...
Hjalmarsson Lars - - 2011
The responses of cell types in peri-implant tissues to cobalt-chrome and titanium were studied in vitro. Cylinders were made from both a cobalt-chrome alloy and commercially pure titanium (length 6 mm, diameter 7.9 mm). Plastic tubes were placed over the cylinders to create cell culture wells, in which human epithelial ...
Saccà Sergio Claudio - - 2011
To test the ability of dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate to display antioxidant effects. Antioxidant activity was tested in whole trabecular meshwork (TM) tissue as collected from corneal donors' biopsy specimens, young (third passage) and old (10th passage) human TM cells, and acellular systems composed of pure DNA and subcellular ...
Ueki Jun-Ichi - - 2011
We have previously reported a possible anti-inflammatory activity of azulene-, tropolone- and azulenequinone-related compounds. To further pursue the newly discoverd biological activity of these compounds, five compounds that inhibited nitric oxide production by activated macrophages were investigated for their possible hormetic and anti-radiation effects. Viable cell number of human oral ...
Jacques Eveline - - 2011
Upon chronic UV treatment pavement cell expansion in Arabidopsis leaves is reduced, implying alterations in symplastic and apoplastic properties of the epidermal cells. In this study, the effect of UV radiation on microtubule patterning is analysed, as microtubules are thought to serve as guiding rails for the cellulose synthase complexes ...
Geisel Nico - - 2011
Bacteria spend most of their lifetime in non-growing states which allow them to survive extended periods of stress and starvation. When environments improve, they must quickly resume growth to maximize their share of limited nutrients. Cells with higher stress resistance often survive longer stress durations at the cost of needing ...
Stuart David - - 2011
Comment on: Szwarcwort-Cohen M, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4711-19.
Tayarani-Najaran Zahra - - 2011
The Scutellaria species (Lamiaceae) is used as a source of flavonoids to treat a variety of diseases in traditional medicine. In spite of many reports about the cytotoxic and antitumor effects of some species of this genus, anticancer researches on one of the Iranian species S. litwinowii have not yet ...
Vandepitte Joachim - - 2011
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-hypericin is a potent photosensitizer that is used in the urological clinic to photodiagnose with high-sensitivity nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We examined the differential accumulation and therapeutic effects of PVP-hypericin using spheroids composed of a human urothelial cell carcinoma cell line (T24) and normal human urothelial (NHU) cells. ...
Jin Xiaodong - - 2011
In this study, whether survivin plays a direct role in mediating high-LET radiation resistance in human hepatoma cells was investigated. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting survivin mRNA was designed and transfected into human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Real-time PCR and western blotting analyses revealed that survivin expression in HepG2 cells decreased ...
Feng Jun - - 2011
To conserve laryngeal function and elevate living quality of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) patients, we designed antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) to reduce expression of ATM and to enhance the apoptosis of hep-2 (Human epidermoid laryngeal carcinoma) cells to radiation in vitro and in vivo. The expression of ATM mRNA and ...
PosthumaDeBoer Jantine - - 2011
The use of radiotherapy in osteosarcoma (OS) is controversial due to its radioresistance. OS patients currently treated with radiotherapy generally are inoperable, have painful skeletal metastases, refuse surgery or have undergone an intralesional resection of the primary tumor. After irradiation-induced DNA damage, OS cells sustain a prolonged G(2) cell cycle ...
Shinozaki Koji - - 2011
This study was conducted to examine the utility of the combined use of ascorbic acid (AsA) and radiation in clinical applications. We investigated cell survival, DNA fragmentation, and caspase activation after X-ray irradiation and AsA treatment of human leukemia HL60 cells. The number of living cells decreased after combined X-ray ...
Zhang Xiaomeng - - 2011
To investigate the in vitro and in vivo radiosensitization effect of an institutionally designed nanoliposome encapsulated cisplatin (NLE-CDDP). NLE-CDDP was developed by our institute. In vitro radiosensitization of NLE-CDDP was evaluated by colony forming assay in A549 cells. In vivo radiosensitization was studied with tumor growth delay (TGD) in Lewis ...
Kim Dong-Ju - - 2011
Sulfur electrode was prepared using sulfur-CNT composite powder. The sulfur electrode showed homogenous mixture of sulfur and the CNTs with a network structure. We investigated on the discharge behavior and cycling property of lithium/sulfur cell using sulfur electrodes with CNTs as unique conducting agents. The discharge capacity of the Li/TEGDME/S ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >