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Zhao Changli - - 2011
Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was used to fabricate nanocrystalline surface layers on the commercial purity titanium. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results indicate that the top layer contained nanograins. Enhanced strength and microhardness were achieved due to the surface nanostructure. Cell culture tests have shown a greater adhered ...
Cappelli Enrico - - 2011
In response to DNA damage, cells need robust repair mechanisms to complete the cell cycle successfully. Severe forms of DNA damage are repaired by homologous recombination (HR), in which the XRCC2 protein plays a vital role. Cells deficient in XRCC2 also show disruption of the centrosome, a key component of ...
Butterworth Karl T - - 2011
To determine the in-field and out-of-field cell survival of cells irradiated with either primary field or scattered radiation in the presence and absence of intercellular communication. Cell survival was determined by clonogenic assay in human prostate cancer (DU145) and primary fibroblast (AGO1552) cells following exposure to different field configurations delivered ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2011
Human exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents can be complicated by nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). Demonstration of significant quantities of insoluble gadolinium in the skin of NSF patients suggested transmetallation as a mechanism of toxicity of this injury. An alternative pathway for the biological effect of gadolinium is a disruption of ...
Chang Hao-Yen - - 2011
Human hPuf-A/KIAA0020 was first identified as a new minor histocompatibility antigen in 2001. Its zebrafish orthologue contains six Pumilio-homology RNA-binding domains and has been shown to participate in the development of eyes and primordial germ cells, but the cellular function of hPuf-A remains unclear. In this report, we showed that ...
Weekley Claire Marie - - 2011
Selenium compounds exhibit chemopreventative properties at supranutritional doses, but the efficacy of selenium supplementation in cancer prevention is dependent on the chemical speciation of the selenium supplement and its metabolites. The uptake, speciation and distribution of the common selenoamino acid supplements, selenomethionine (SeMet) and Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), in A549 human lung ...
Manseki Kazuhiro - - 2011
A PEDOT-based dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is successfully improved by coupling photoelectrochemically deposited PEDOT layer with an Ag paste-paint on the cathode. With a 9.3 μm thick mesoscopic nanocrystalline TiO(2) film, a maximum cell performance of 3.2% with relatively high V(oc) of around 780 mV is achieved.
Meller Birgit - - 2011
PURPOSE: : To date, no valid imaging modality exists for early response prediction to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy in carcinoembryonic-antigen-(CEA)-expressing rectal cancers (UICC stages II and III). It is hypothesized that the uptake of an anti-CEA antibody is directly related to the number of viable tumor cells and may be quantified by ...
Sangster-Guity N - - 2011
The protein kinase encoded by the ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) gene is activated by DNA-damaging agents that are frequently used as anticancer therapeutics. Inhibition of ATR expression in cultured cancer cells has been demonstrated to increase sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs, including the DNA-crosslinking agent cisplatin. Cisplatin is a widely ...
Tokalov S V - - 2011
Radiation-induced progression delay in G(1)/S, S and G(2)/M phases of p53 wild-type Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells growing in vivo was investigated by DNA flow cytometry. Different behavior patterns of EAC cells at the time after irradiation with low (2, 4, 6, 8 Gy) and high (10, 15, 20 Gy) doses were ...
Di Giambattista Lucia - - 2011
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection can be used to discriminate the necrotic from the apoptotic cell death in a tumoral T cell line irradiated by a UV source able to induce both apoptosis and necrosis. Using Jurkat cells as the model system, significant spectral differences in the ...
Kosar A - - 2011
The paper presents a study investigating the destructive energy output resulting from hydrodynamic bubbly cavitation in microchannels and its potential use in biomedical applications. The research performed in this study includes results from bubbly cavitation experiments and findings showing the destructive effects of bubbly cavitating flow on selected solid specimens ...
Petroni Daniel - - 2011
Acute neurotoxic effects of high-dose methylmercury (MeHg) in humans have been well documented in the scientific literature. However, low-dose effects are less well described. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of low-dose MeHg (<100 nM) on human brain cells in a tissue culture model. Neuroblastoma (NB) cells (SH-SY5Y) ...
Barbero J L - - 2011
Apart from a personal tragedy, could Down syndrome, cancer and infertility possibly have something in common? Are there links between a syndrome with physical and mental problems, a tumor growing out of control and the incapability to reproduce? These questions can be answered if we look at the biological functions ...
Kurz Christian M - - 2011
There is a lack of methods suitable for generation of data about the dynamics of effects on cell membranes with a high sensitivity. Such methods are urgently needed to support the optimisation of interaction of substances, particles or materials with cell. The goal of this article is to use an ...
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2011
The radiosensitizing activity of celastrol, a quinone methide triterpene was examined. We found that celastrol treatment of the NCI-H460 lung cancer cell line increased radiation-induced cell killing. The increased radiosensitivity was correlated with decreased levels of Hsp90 clients, such as EGFR, ErbB2 and survivin as well as with increased p53 ...
Grosicka-MaciÄ…g Emilia - - 2011
The role of antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) in protection against cellular changes triggered by maneb during in vitro exposure was investigated in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. We observed high apoptotic activity and high oxidative stress induced by exposure to maneb evidenced by a statistically significant increase in lipid peroxidation (measured ...
Kundrát P - - 2011
The removal of transformed cells via induction of apoptosis through intercellular signalling by surrounding cells is supposed to represent an important control mechanism limiting carcinogenesis. Low doses of radiation influence the efficiency of this anti-carcinogenesis process, indicating possible beneficial effects of low doses of radiation mediated by intercellular communication ('non-targeted ...
Hercbergs Aleck H - - 2011
We describe the steady-state levels and molecular and cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac)-treated human U87MG glioblastoma cells after x-irradiation in vitro. This study was conducted to provide a basis for our previous observation of radiosensitization and inhibition of cellular recovery after irradiation of tetrac-exposed ...
Conrad Sandro - - 2011
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are arguably the most important lesions induced by ionizing radiation (IR) since unrepaired or mis-repaired DSBs can lead to chromosomal aberrations and cell death. The two major pathways to repair IR-induced DSBs are non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). Perhaps surprisingly, NHEJ represents the predominant ...
Lee Sung Hoon - - 2011
In order to match the controllability of traditional pipetting with the advantages of microfluidics, we introduce the concept of polymer based chemical delivery to multichannel capillary patterned cells. Here we demonstrate that UV polymerized hydrogel can be used as a miniature pipet to deliver picolitre chemical quantities to multichannel capillary ...
Singh Kamaleshwar P - - 2011
Arsenic is a known carcinogen, and its exposure is associated with cancers in multiple target organs including the prostate. Whether arsenic causes cancer by increased cell proliferation or cell survival is not clear. Additionally, mitochondria have been shown to play important roles in arsenic-induced DNA damage and carcinogenesis. However, the ...
Konopacka M - - 2011
In this study, the dose distribution of photon (6MV) and electron (22MeV) radiation in a water-phantom was compared with the frequency of apoptotic and micronucleated cells of two human cell lines (BEAS-2B normal bronchial epithelial cells and A549 lung cancer epithelial cells). Formation of micronuclei and apoptotic-like bodies was evaluated ...
Myers Judith M - - 2011
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds (e.g. chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells where they are reduced to reactive Cr intermediates that can directly oxidize some cell components and can promote the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Inhalation is a major route of exposure which directly exposes the ...
Niermann Kenneth J - - 2011
Aurora kinase B (AURKB) is critical to the process of mitosis, aiding in chromosome condensation by phosphorylating histone H3. We investigated the effects of AZD1152, an AURKB inhibitor, on radiosensitivity of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells. The goal of this study was to test whether AZD1152 increases the susceptibility of hormone-refractory ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing cell ...
Jørgensen Stine - - 2011
The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by multiple ubiquitin-mediated events, such as the timely destruction of cyclins and replication licensing factors. The histone H4 methyltransferase SET8 (Pr-Set7) is required for chromosome compaction in mitosis and for maintenance of genome integrity. In this study, we show that SET8 is targeted for ...
Tu Szu-wei - - 2011
WNK [with no lysine (K)] protein kinases are found in all sequenced multicellular and many unicellular organisms. WNKs influence ion balance. Two WNK family members are associated with a single gene form of hypertension. RNA interference screens have implicated WNKs in survival and growth, and WNK1 is essential for viability ...
Gupta Seema - - 2011
Purpose: In this study, the role of hyper-radiation sensitivity (HRS) in potentiating the effects of cisplatin by low dose fractionated radiation (LDFRT) was evaluated in four human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. Experimental Design: Presence of HRS and cisplatin enhancement ratio (CER) by LDFRT/2Gy was assessed using colony-forming and ...
Ukpebor Justina - - 2011
Organophosphorus pesticide (OPP) toxicity is believed to be mediated through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Given their widespread distribution in aquatic systems and their ability to undergo chemical transformation, their environmental impacts at sublethal concentrations in nontarget organisms have become an important question. We conducted a number of mammalian-cell genotoxic and ...
Wang Chengrun - - 2011
Effects of lanthanum (La) on mineral nutrients, cell cycles, and root lengthening have been little reported. The present work investigated these physiological responses in roots of Vicia faba seedlings cultivated in La(3+)-contained solutions for 15 days. The results showed that the increasing contents of La in the roots and leaves contributed ...
Marangoni Roberto - - 2011
Fabrea salina is a hypersaline ciliate that is known to be among the strongest ultraviolet (UV)-resistant microorganisms; however, the molecular mechanisms of this resistance are almost unknown. By means of in vivo NMR spectroscopy, we determined the metabolic profile of living F. salina cells exposed to visible light and to polychromatic ...
Wang Shu-Chi - - 2011
To investigate the effects of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death pathways on the response of U87MG glioma cells to ionising radiation (IR) and oxidative stress. ATM expression was blocked in U87MG glioma cells using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Cell survival, sub-lethal damage ...
Hjalmarsson Lars - - 2011
The responses of cell types in peri-implant tissues to cobalt-chrome and titanium were studied in vitro. Cylinders were made from both a cobalt-chrome alloy and commercially pure titanium (length 6 mm, diameter 7.9 mm). Plastic tubes were placed over the cylinders to create cell culture wells, in which human epithelial ...
Hirt-Burri Nathalie - - 2011
Few biopharmaceutical preparations developed from biologicals are available for tissue regeneration and scar management. When developing biological treatments with cellular therapy, selection of cell types and establishment of consistent cell banks are crucial steps in whole-cell bioprocessing. Various cell types have been used in treatment of wounds to reduce scar ...
Coelho Miguel - - 2011
Comment on: Knorre DA, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4501-5.
Shinozaki Koji - - 2011
This study was conducted to examine the utility of the combined use of ascorbic acid (AsA) and radiation in clinical applications. We investigated cell survival, DNA fragmentation, and caspase activation after X-ray irradiation and AsA treatment of human leukemia HL60 cells. The number of living cells decreased after combined X-ray ...
Powell Heather M - - 2011
Quantification of cell viability and distribution within engineered tissues currently relies on representative histology, phenotypic assays, and destructive assays of viability. To evaluate uniformity of cell density throughout 3D collagen scaffolds prior to in vivo use, a nondestructive, field assessment of cell viability is advantageous. Here, we describe a field ...
Liao Feng - - 2011
Fullerene [C60] included in polyethylene glycol (PEG) at a composing ratio of 1:350 w/w was examined for anticancer effects upon photodynamic therapy (PDT). Human connective tissue-derived fibrosarcoma cells HT1080 were decreased for a viability of 50% or 30%, by 3-h administration with PEG-fullerene [C60] at 50 or 100 ppm fullerene ...
Koto Masashi - - 2011
Lymphomas growing in the central nervous system exhibit resistance to radiotherapy compared to lymphomas of the lymph nodes. Because astrocytes have been shown to reduce radiation-induced neuronal toxicity, this study hypothesized that astrocytes might protect lymphoma cells from radiation-induced cell killing. A human lymphoma cell line, H9, and normal human ...
Kim Dong-Ju - - 2011
Sulfur electrode was prepared using sulfur-CNT composite powder. The sulfur electrode showed homogenous mixture of sulfur and the CNTs with a network structure. We investigated on the discharge behavior and cycling property of lithium/sulfur cell using sulfur electrodes with CNTs as unique conducting agents. The discharge capacity of the Li/TEGDME/S ...
Ishii Kelly S - - 2011
A novel 3D cell culture system was developed and tested. The cell culture device consists of a microfluidic chamber on an optically absorbing substrate. Cells are suspended in a thermoresponsive hydrogel solution, and optical patterns are utilized to heat the solution, producing localized hydrogel formation around cells of interest. The ...
Shimizu Noriaki - - 2011
In addition to micronuclei that are formed from chromosomal material (the chromosome-type micronuclei), there are also micronuclei formed from extrachromosomal elements [the double minute (DM)-type micronuclei]. These two types of micronuclei are distinct entities, which exist and arise independently in a cell. A DM is a large extrachromosomal element that ...
Jensen Hanne - - 2011
Nephrotoxicity, associated with the administration of iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM), continues to be a major side effect in a significant number of vulnerable patients undergoing diagnostic X-ray imaging procedures. The molecular mechanisms underlying these adverse effects on the kidneys are unclear despite several decades of investigation. Side effects are ...
Jin Xiaodong - - 2011
In this study, whether survivin plays a direct role in mediating high-LET radiation resistance in human hepatoma cells was investigated. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting survivin mRNA was designed and transfected into human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Real-time PCR and western blotting analyses revealed that survivin expression in HepG2 cells decreased ...
Tayarani-Najaran Zahra - - 2011
The Scutellaria species (Lamiaceae) is used as a source of flavonoids to treat a variety of diseases in traditional medicine. In spite of many reports about the cytotoxic and antitumor effects of some species of this genus, anticancer researches on one of the Iranian species S. litwinowii have not yet ...
Stuart David - - 2011
Comment on: Szwarcwort-Cohen M, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4711-19.
Menghini L - - 2011
Plants of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) furnish edible fruits and derivates that have been used for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. In the present work we compare two commercial extracts that contain proanthocyanins (PACs) at 4 percent and 20 percent for antimicrobial, antiproliferative, antiradical and protective properties against ...
Lordan Sinéad - - 2011
The term 'nanoclay' generically refers to the natural clay mineral, montmorillonite, with silica and alumina as the dominant constituents. The incorporation of nanoclays into polymeric systems dramatically enhances their barrier properties as well as their thermal and mechanical resistance. Consequently, nanoclays are employed in a wide range of industrial applications ...
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