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Results 351 - 400 of 2862
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Singh Kamaleshwar P - - 2011
Arsenic is a known carcinogen, and its exposure is associated with cancers in multiple target organs including the prostate. Whether arsenic causes cancer by increased cell proliferation or cell survival is not clear. Additionally, mitochondria have been shown to play important roles in arsenic-induced DNA damage and carcinogenesis. However, the ...
Konopacka M - - 2011
In this study, the dose distribution of photon (6MV) and electron (22MeV) radiation in a water-phantom was compared with the frequency of apoptotic and micronucleated cells of two human cell lines (BEAS-2B normal bronchial epithelial cells and A549 lung cancer epithelial cells). Formation of micronuclei and apoptotic-like bodies was evaluated ...
Myers Judith M - - 2011
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds (e.g. chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells where they are reduced to reactive Cr intermediates that can directly oxidize some cell components and can promote the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Inhalation is a major route of exposure which directly exposes the ...
Niermann Kenneth J - - 2011
Aurora kinase B (AURKB) is critical to the process of mitosis, aiding in chromosome condensation by phosphorylating histone H3. We investigated the effects of AZD1152, an AURKB inhibitor, on radiosensitivity of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells. The goal of this study was to test whether AZD1152 increases the susceptibility of hormone-refractory ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing ...
Autsavapromporn Narongchai - - 2011
We investigated the roles of gap junction communication and oxidative stress in modulating potentially lethal damage repair in human fibroblast cultures exposed to doses of α particles or γ rays that targeted all cells in the cultures. As expected, α particles were more effective than γ rays at inducing cell ...
Jørgensen Stine - - 2011
The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by multiple ubiquitin-mediated events, such as the timely destruction of cyclins and replication licensing factors. The histone H4 methyltransferase SET8 (Pr-Set7) is required for chromosome compaction in mitosis and for maintenance of genome integrity. In this study, we show that SET8 is targeted for ...
Tu Szu-wei - - 2011
WNK [with no lysine (K)] protein kinases are found in all sequenced multicellular and many unicellular organisms. WNKs influence ion balance. Two WNK family members are associated with a single gene form of hypertension. RNA interference screens have implicated WNKs in survival and growth, and WNK1 is essential for viability ...
Gupta Seema - - 2011
Purpose: In this study, the role of hyper-radiation sensitivity (HRS) in potentiating the effects of cisplatin by low dose fractionated radiation (LDFRT) was evaluated in four human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. Experimental Design: Presence of HRS and cisplatin enhancement ratio (CER) by LDFRT/2Gy was assessed using colony-forming and ...
Ukpebor Justina - - 2011
Organophosphorus pesticide (OPP) toxicity is believed to be mediated through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Given their widespread distribution in aquatic systems and their ability to undergo chemical transformation, their environmental impacts at sublethal concentrations in nontarget organisms have become an important question. We conducted a number of mammalian-cell genotoxic and ...
Wang Chengrun - - 2011
Effects of lanthanum (La) on mineral nutrients, cell cycles, and root lengthening have been little reported. The present work investigated these physiological responses in roots of Vicia faba seedlings cultivated in La(3+)-contained solutions for 15 days. The results showed that the increasing contents of La in the roots and leaves contributed ...
Marangoni Roberto - - 2011
Fabrea salina is a hypersaline ciliate that is known to be among the strongest ultraviolet (UV)-resistant microorganisms; however, the molecular mechanisms of this resistance are almost unknown. By means of in vivo NMR spectroscopy, we determined the metabolic profile of living F. salina cells exposed to visible light and to polychromatic ...
Wang Shu-Chi - - 2011
To investigate the effects of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death pathways on the response of U87MG glioma cells to ionising radiation (IR) and oxidative stress. ATM expression was blocked in U87MG glioma cells using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Cell survival, sub-lethal damage ...
Hjalmarsson Lars - - 2011
The responses of cell types in peri-implant tissues to cobalt-chrome and titanium were studied in vitro. Cylinders were made from both a cobalt-chrome alloy and commercially pure titanium (length 6 mm, diameter 7.9 mm). Plastic tubes were placed over the cylinders to create cell culture wells, in which human epithelial ...
Hirt-Burri Nathalie - - 2011
Few biopharmaceutical preparations developed from biologicals are available for tissue regeneration and scar management. When developing biological treatments with cellular therapy, selection of cell types and establishment of consistent cell banks are crucial steps in whole-cell bioprocessing. Various cell types have been used in treatment of wounds to reduce scar ...
Coelho Miguel - - 2011
Comment on: Knorre DA, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4501-5.
Shinozaki Koji - - 2011
This study was conducted to examine the utility of the combined use of ascorbic acid (AsA) and radiation in clinical applications. We investigated cell survival, DNA fragmentation, and caspase activation after X-ray irradiation and AsA treatment of human leukemia HL60 cells. The number of living cells decreased after combined X-ray ...
Powell Heather M - - 2011
Quantification of cell viability and distribution within engineered tissues currently relies on representative histology, phenotypic assays, and destructive assays of viability. To evaluate uniformity of cell density throughout 3D collagen scaffolds prior to in vivo use, a nondestructive, field assessment of cell viability is advantageous. Here, we describe a field ...
Liao Feng - - 2011
Fullerene [C60] included in polyethylene glycol (PEG) at a composing ratio of 1:350 w/w was examined for anticancer effects upon photodynamic therapy (PDT). Human connective tissue-derived fibrosarcoma cells HT1080 were decreased for a viability of 50% or 30%, by 3-h administration with PEG-fullerene [C60] at 50 or 100 ppm fullerene ...
Koto Masashi - - 2011
Lymphomas growing in the central nervous system exhibit resistance to radiotherapy compared to lymphomas of the lymph nodes. Because astrocytes have been shown to reduce radiation-induced neuronal toxicity, this study hypothesized that astrocytes might protect lymphoma cells from radiation-induced cell killing. A human lymphoma cell line, H9, and normal human ...
Kim Dong-Ju - - 2011
Sulfur electrode was prepared using sulfur-CNT composite powder. The sulfur electrode showed homogenous mixture of sulfur and the CNTs with a network structure. We investigated on the discharge behavior and cycling property of lithium/sulfur cell using sulfur electrodes with CNTs as unique conducting agents. The discharge capacity of the Li/TEGDME/S ...
Ishii Kelly S - - 2011
A novel 3D cell culture system was developed and tested. The cell culture device consists of a microfluidic chamber on an optically absorbing substrate. Cells are suspended in a thermoresponsive hydrogel solution, and optical patterns are utilized to heat the solution, producing localized hydrogel formation around cells of interest. The ...
Shimizu Noriaki - - 2011
In addition to micronuclei that are formed from chromosomal material (the chromosome-type micronuclei), there are also micronuclei formed from extrachromosomal elements [the double minute (DM)-type micronuclei]. These two types of micronuclei are distinct entities, which exist and arise independently in a cell. A DM is a large extrachromosomal element that ...
Jensen Hanne - - 2011
Nephrotoxicity, associated with the administration of iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM), continues to be a major side effect in a significant number of vulnerable patients undergoing diagnostic X-ray imaging procedures. The molecular mechanisms underlying these adverse effects on the kidneys are unclear despite several decades of investigation. Side effects are ...
Jin Xiaodong - - 2011
In this study, whether survivin plays a direct role in mediating high-LET radiation resistance in human hepatoma cells was investigated. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting survivin mRNA was designed and transfected into human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Real-time PCR and western blotting analyses revealed that survivin expression in HepG2 cells decreased ...
Tayarani-Najaran Zahra - - 2011
The Scutellaria species (Lamiaceae) is used as a source of flavonoids to treat a variety of diseases in traditional medicine. In spite of many reports about the cytotoxic and antitumor effects of some species of this genus, anticancer researches on one of the Iranian species S. litwinowii have not yet ...
Stuart David - - 2011
Comment on: Szwarcwort-Cohen M, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4711-19.
Menghini L - - 2011
Plants of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) furnish edible fruits and derivates that have been used for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. In the present work we compare two commercial extracts that contain proanthocyanins (PACs) at 4 percent and 20 percent for antimicrobial, antiproliferative, antiradical and protective properties against ...
Lordan Sinéad - - 2011
The term 'nanoclay' generically refers to the natural clay mineral, montmorillonite, with silica and alumina as the dominant constituents. The incorporation of nanoclays into polymeric systems dramatically enhances their barrier properties as well as their thermal and mechanical resistance. Consequently, nanoclays are employed in a wide range of industrial applications ...
Vandepitte Joachim - - 2011
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-hypericin is a potent photosensitizer that is used in the urological clinic to photodiagnose with high-sensitivity nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We examined the differential accumulation and therapeutic effects of PVP-hypericin using spheroids composed of a human urothelial cell carcinoma cell line (T24) and normal human urothelial (NHU) cells. ...
Okamoto Noritomo - - 2011
Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1) plays an important role as a key protein in the repair of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), and the work described here was designed to examine the effect of NBS1 on heat sensitivity for human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma 8305c cells. Cellular heat sensitivity was ...
Siqueira Germano - - 2011
Lignin and hemicelluloses are the major components limiting enzyme infiltration into cell walls. Determination of the topochemical distribution of lignin and aromatics in sugar cane might provide important data on the recalcitrance of specific cells. We used cellular ultraviolet (UV) microspectrophotometry (UMSP) to topochemically detect lignin and hydroxycinnamic acids in ...
Saccà Sergio Claudio - - 2011
To test the ability of dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate to display antioxidant effects. Antioxidant activity was tested in whole trabecular meshwork (TM) tissue as collected from corneal donors' biopsy specimens, young (third passage) and old (10th passage) human TM cells, and acellular systems composed of pure DNA and subcellular ...
Ueki Jun-Ichi - - 2011
We have previously reported a possible anti-inflammatory activity of azulene-, tropolone- and azulenequinone-related compounds. To further pursue the newly discoverd biological activity of these compounds, five compounds that inhibited nitric oxide production by activated macrophages were investigated for their possible hormetic and anti-radiation effects. Viable cell number of human oral ...
Kim Ki Cheon - - 2011
The ethylacetate fraction of Empetrum nigrum var. japonicum (ENE) was shown to reduce intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by γ-radiation and activate antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and gluthathion peroxidase (GPx). ENE protected cells against radiation-induced cellular DNA damage, membrane lipid peroxidation, and protein modification, ...
Kumar Neelima R - - 2011
The present study was carried out to find the effect of cell phone radiations on various biomolecules in the adult workers of Apis mellifera L. The results of the treated adults were analyzed and compared with the control. Radiation from the cell phone influences honey bees' behavior and physiology. There ...
Malinouski Mikalai - - 2011
Controlled generation and removal of hydrogen peroxide play important roles in cellular redox homeostasis and signaling. We used a hydrogen peroxide biosensor HyPer, targeted to different compartments, to examine these processes in mammalian cells. Reversible responses were observed to various redox perturbations and signaling events. HyPer expressed in HEK 293 ...
Boivin Anthony - - 2011
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive and recurrent malignancy owing to intrinsic radioresistance and lack of induction of apoptosis. The major focus of this work was to design a transient glutathione depleting strategy during the course of irradiation of HNSCC in order to overcome their radioresistance ...
Ren Xuefeng - - 2011
Werner syndrome (WS) results from defects in the RecQ helicase (WRN) and is characterized by premature aging and accelerated tumorigenesis. Contradictorily, WRN deficient human fibroblasts derived from WS patients show a characteristically slower cell proliferation rate, as do primary fibroblasts and human cancer cell lines with WRN depletion. Previous studies ...
Youn Hyun-Yi - - 2011
The purpose was to develop suitable in vitro methods to detect ocular epithelial cell damage when exposed to UV radiation, in an effort to evaluate UV-absorbing ophthalmic biomaterials. Human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC), lens epithelial cells (HLEC), and retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) were cultured and Ultraviolet A/Ultraviolet B (UVA/UVB) ...
Jacques Eveline - - 2011
Upon chronic UV treatment pavement cell expansion in Arabidopsis leaves is reduced, implying alterations in symplastic and apoplastic properties of the epidermal cells. In this study, the effect of UV radiation on microtubule patterning is analysed, as microtubules are thought to serve as guiding rails for the cellulose synthase complexes ...
Marquez-Lago Tatiana T - - 2011
In cell signaling terminology, adaptation refers to a system's capability of returning to its equilibrium upon a transient response. To achieve this, a network has to be both sensitive and precise. Namely, the system must display a significant output response upon stimulation, and later on return to pre-stimulation levels. If ...
Wang Gang - - 2011
Numerous engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) exist and new ENMs are being developed. A challenge to nanotoxicology and environmental health and safety is evaluating toxicity of ENMs before they become widely utilized. Cellular assays remain the predominant test platform yet these methods are limited by using discrete time endpoints and reliance on ...
Feng Jun - - 2011
To conserve laryngeal function and elevate living quality of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) patients, we designed antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) to reduce expression of ATM and to enhance the apoptosis of hep-2 (Human epidermoid laryngeal carcinoma) cells to radiation in vitro and in vivo. The expression of ATM mRNA and ...
Gil Silvia - - 2011
In the quest of a curative radiotherapy treatment for gliomas new delivery modes are being explored. At the Biomedical Beamline of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), a new spatially-fractionated technique, called Minibeam Radiation Therapy (MBRT) is under development. The aim of this work is to compare the effectiveness of ...
PosthumaDeBoer Jantine - - 2011
The use of radiotherapy in osteosarcoma (OS) is controversial due to its radioresistance. OS patients currently treated with radiotherapy generally are inoperable, have painful skeletal metastases, refuse surgery or have undergone an intralesional resection of the primary tumor. After irradiation-induced DNA damage, OS cells sustain a prolonged G(2) cell cycle ...
da Volta Soares Mariana - - 2011
In this study, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) was loaded onto poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL) nanoparticles (NPs) using a solvent emulsification-evaporation method. The process yield and encapsulation efficiency were 74.2% ± 1.2% and 67.1% ± 0.9%, respectively. The NPs had a mean diameter of 187.4 ± 2.1 nm, narrow distribution size with a polydispersity ...
Zhang Xiaomeng - - 2011
To investigate the in vitro and in vivo radiosensitization effect of an institutionally designed nanoliposome encapsulated cisplatin (NLE-CDDP). NLE-CDDP was developed by our institute. In vitro radiosensitization of NLE-CDDP was evaluated by colony forming assay in A549 cells. In vivo radiosensitization was studied with tumor growth delay (TGD) in Lewis ...
Niemoeller Olivier M - - 2011
MicroRNAs are regulators of central cellular processes and are implicated in the pathogenesis and prognosis of human cancers. MicroRNAs also modulate responses to anti-cancer therapy. In the context of radiation oncology microRNAs were found to modulate cell death and proliferation after irradiation. However, changes in microRNA expression profiles in response ...
Geisel Nico - - 2011
Bacteria spend most of their lifetime in non-growing states which allow them to survive extended periods of stress and starvation. When environments improve, they must quickly resume growth to maximize their share of limited nutrients. Cells with higher stress resistance often survive longer stress durations at the cost of needing ...
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