Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2926
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Chávez de Paz Luis E - - 2011
Nanoparticle complexes were prepared from chitosans of various molecular weights (MW) and degrees of deacetylation (DD). The antimicrobial effect was assessed by the Live/Dead BacLight technique in conjunction with confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) and image analysis. Nanocomplexes prepared from chitosans with high MW showed a low antimicrobial effect (20 ...
Roobol Anne A Centre for Molecular Processing and Protein Science Group, School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NJ, - - 2011
In vitro cultured mammalian cells respond to mild hypothermia (27-33 °C) by attenuating cellular processes and slowing and arresting the cell cycle. The slowing of the cell cycle at the upper range (31-33 °C) and its complete arrest at the lower range (27-28 °C) of mild hypothermia is effected by the activation of ...
Wyrobek A J - - 2011
We investigated the low dose dependency of the transcriptional response of human cells to characterize the shape and biological functions associated with the dose-response curve and to identify common and conserved functions of low dose expressed genes across cells and tissues. Human lymphoblastoid (HL) cells from two unrelated individuals were ...
Choi Kyu Jin - - 2011
Identification of genes that modulate radiation sensitivity provides important tools to study cellular responses to ionizing radiation. We combined DNA microarrays and viability assays to identify modulators of radiation sensitivity in A549 lung cancer cells. Up-regulated genes were selected from microarray experiments and RNA expression levels were confirmed by real-time ...
Rwigema Jean-Claude M JC Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation of acute ionizing radiation damage by mitochondrion-targeted small molecules. We evaluated the ability of nitroxide-linked alkene peptide isostere JP4-039, the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor-linked alkene peptide esostere MCF201-89, and the p53/mdm2/mdm4 protein complex inhibitor BEB55 to mitigate radiation effects by clonogenic survival curves with ...
Qi Lin - - 2011
ERp29 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-inducible protein. It was found that ERp29 was highly expressed in several cancers and associated with resistance to oxidative and radiation stress, which may serve as a novel target for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) anticancer approach. In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to detect ERp29 ...
Roa Wilson - - 2011
Intrinsic radiosensitivity of normal and tumour tissues has been shown to be an independent prognostic factor for patients' response to radiotherapy. This study compares the real-time cell-impedance sensing (RT-CES) assay with the conventional clonogenic assay in terms of in-vitro radiosensitivity. One objective in this study was to predict in-vivo response ...
Hyka-Nouspikel Nevila - - 2011
Faithful repair of DNA lesions is a crucial task that dividing cells must actively perform to maintain genome integrity. Strikingly, nucleotide excision repair (NER), the most versatile DNA repair system, is specifically down-regulated in terminally differentiated cells. This prompted us to examine whether NER attenuation might be a common feature ...
Belyaev Igor - - 2011
Extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) have previously been shown to affect conformation of chromatin and cell proliferation. Possible genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of ELF-MF have also been discussed and tested. In this study, we analysed the effect of ELF-MF on chromatin conformation in E. coli GE499 cells by the anomalous ...
Rungta Parul - - 2011
We present a general approach for the selective imaging and killing of cancer cells using protein-activated near-infrared emitting and cytotoxic oxygen generating nanoparticles. Poly(propargyl acrylate) (PA) particles were surface modified through the copper-catalyzed azide/alkyne cycloaddition of azide-terminated indocyanine green (azICG), a near-infrared emitter, and poly(ethylene glycol) (azPEG) chains of various ...
Kumari Mamta - - 2011
Increasing use of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NP) in consumer products may enhance its release into the environment. Phytotoxicity study is important to understand its possible environmental impact. Allium cepa (Onion bulb) is the best model organism to study genetic toxicology of nanoparticles. Here we have reported cytogenetic and genotoxic ...
De Bacco Francesca - - 2011
Ionizing radiation (IR) is effectively used in cancer therapy. However, in subsets of patients, a few radioresistant cancer cells survive and cause disease relapse with metastatic progression. The MET oncogene encodes the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor and is known to drive "invasive growth", a regenerative and prosurvival program unduly ...
Kunos Charles A CA Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center and Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2011
To test whether pharmacologic inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) by 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3-AP, NSC #663249) enhances radiation sensitivity during low-dose-rate ionizing radiation provided by a novel purpose-built iridium-192 cell irradiator. The cells were exposed to low-dose-rate radiation (11, 23, 37, 67 cGy/h) using a custom-fabricated cell irradiator or to high-dose-rate ...
Miller L L - - 2011
Species differences in physiological and biochemical attributes exist even among closely related species and may underlie species-specific sensitivity to toxicants. Rainbow trout (RT) are more sensitive than brook trout (BT) to the teratogenic effects of selenium (Se), but it is not known whether all tissues exhibit this pattern of vulnerability. ...
Kaida Atsushi - - 2011
Fucci (fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator) is able to visualize dynamics of cell cycle progression in live cells; G1- and S-/G2-/M-phase cells expressing Fucci emit red and green fluorescence, respectively. This system could be applied to cell kinetic analysis of tumour cells in the field of cancer therapy; however, it ...
Song Xiao-Lian - - 2011
Microwaves have other biological effects on cancer as well besides killing tumor cells by coagulation. Some studies showed that microwaves may induce apoptosis in some tumor cells. The apoptotic effect of microwaves may help in clinic to remove residual malignant cells nearby the primary lesion and avoid relapse subsequently. However, ...
Malki Ahmed - - 2011
We previously reported novel quinuclidinone analogs that showed both additive and synergistic cytotoxicity in lung cancer cells. We aimed at understanding the mechanism of these analogs and also their cytotoxic effect on normal cells. The effects of these analogs were studied in response to gamma radiation in H1299 human large ...
Yu Jingping - - 2011
Abstract To investigate the effects of thalidomide on the radiosensitivity of human esophageal cancer cells (TE1 cells) and the potential mechanism underlying these effects. The effects of thalidomide on proliferation of TE1 cells were determined by Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. The multitarget click model was used to delineate the survival ...
Tromholt Thomas - - 2011
Concentrated sunlight was used to study the performance response of inverted P3HT:PCBM organic solar cells after exposure to high intensity sunlight. Correlations of efficiency as a function of solar intensity were established in the range of 0.5-15 suns at three different stages: for a pristine cell, after 30 min exposure at 5 suns ...
Docampo Pablo - - 2011
Organic semiconductors employed in solar cells are perfectly stable to solar irradiation provided oxygen content can be kept below 1 ppm. Paradoxically, the state-of-the-art molecular hole-transporter-based solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells only operate efficiently if measured in an atmosphere containing oxygen. Without oxygen, these devices rapidly lose photovoltage and photocurrent and are ...
Rudzok Susanne - - 2011
We performed an interspecies comparison for the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 and the eukaryotic single cell organism Tetrahymena pyriformis (T. pyriformis) for 17 xenobiotics with diverse structures and four metals. The cytotoxicity was assessed by four different cell viability assays (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide reduction (MTT), neutral red uptake (NRU), ...
Zhang Zhenhua - - 2011
Etk (Epithelial and endothelial tyrosine kinase), also known as Bmx (bone marrow X kinase) plays an important role in apoptosis of cancer cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Etk/Bmx is involved in the apoptosis induced by irradiation in NPC cells and correlated with the apoptosis associated ...
Angelieri Fernanda - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether corrosion eluates obtained from commercially available orthodontic brackets are able to induce genetic damage in vitro. Genotoxicity was assessed by the single cell gel (comet) assay using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The following orthodontic metallic brackets were used: Morelli (Sorocaba, ...
de Sena-Tomás Carmen C Departamento de Biotecnología Microbiana, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 28049 Madrid, - - 2011
In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, the dikaryotic state dominates the period of growth occurring during the infectious phase. Dikaryons are cells in which two nuclei, one from each parent cell, share a single cytoplasm for a period of time without undergoing nuclear fusion. In fungal cells, maintenance of the ...
Belyaev Igor I Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2011
Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields have previously been shown to affect conformation of chromatin and cell proliferation. Possible genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of ELF have also been discussed and tested. In this study, we analyzed the effect of ELF on chromatin conformation in E. coli GE499 cells by the ...
Wessman Per - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disaccharides are, in general, the first choice as formulation compounds when freeze-drying microorganisms. Although polysaccharides and other biopolymers are considered too large to stabilise and interact with cell components in the same beneficial way as disaccharides, polymers have been reported to support cell survival. In the present study we ...
Staab Adrian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: : Hypoxia inducible factor-1 has been identified as a potential target to overcome hypoxia-induced radioresistance The aim of the present study was to investigate whether selective HIF-1 inhibition via small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) affects hypoxia-induced radioresistance in HT 1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. MATERIAL AND ...
Keinj R - - 2011
Hit and target models of tumor growth, typically assume that all surviving cells have a constant and homogeneous sensitivity during the radiotherapy period. In this study, we propose a new multinomial model based on a discrete-time Markov chain, able to take into account cell repair, cell damage heterogeneity and cell ...
On Kin Fan - - 2011
Genotoxic stress such as ionizing radiation halts entry into mitosis by activation of the G(2) DNA damage checkpoint. The CHK1 inhibitor 7-hydroxystaurosporine (UCN-01) can bypass the checkpoint and induce unscheduled mitosis in irradiated cells. Precisely, how cells behave following checkpoint abrogation remains to be defined. In this study, we tracked ...
McGarry Conor K - - 2011
A phantom was designed and implemented for the delivery of treatment plans to cells in vitro. Single beam, 3D-conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) plans, inverse planned five-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), nine-field IMRT, single-arc volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and dual-arc VMAT plans were created on a CT scan of the phantom ...
Paul Lynthia - - 2011
Inactivation of Bacteroides fragilis genes encoding putative RecQ helicases recQ1, recQ2 and recQ3 (ORFs BF638R_3282, BF638R_3781, BF638R_3932) was used to determine whether these proteins are involved in cell survival following metronidazole exposure. The effects of the mutations on growth, cellular morphology and DNA integrity were also evaluated. Mutations in the ...
Faião-Flores F - - 2011
The melanoma is a highly lethal skin tumor, with a high incidence. Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a radiotherapy which combines Boron with thermal neutrons, constituting a binary system. B16F10 melanoma and L929 fibroblasts were treated with Boronophenylalanine and irradiated with thermal neutron flux. The electric potential of mitochondrial ...
Nalla Arun Kumar AK Department of Cancer Biology and Pharmacology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, One Illini Drive, Peoria, IL 61605, - - 2011
Chemokines play a vital role in recruiting various cell types in the process of tissue repair. Radiation, a major therapeutic modality in cancer treatment, has been described to induce inflammatory response that might lead to the expression of several chemokines. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of monocyte ...
Escoubas Ludovic - - 2011
A review on the use of photonic structures enabling a better absorption of solar radiation within solar cells is proposed. Specific geometric configurations, such as folded solar cells or fiber-based architectures, are shown to be promising solutions to reach better light absorption. Electromagnetic optimization of thin-film solar cells and the ...
Simonsen Lars Ole - - 2011
The basal uptake and cytoplasmic binding of cobalt was studied in human red cells using (57)Co as tracer. The basal uptake is linear with time, at a rate of about 10μmol (l cells)(-1) h(-1) at 100μM [Co(2+)](o), and is almost irreversible, as there is hardly any efflux into excess EDTA. ...
Paula Denofrio M - - 2011
Pterins, heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in relevant biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. In the present study, we ascertained that 2-aminopteridin-4(3H)-one, or pterin (Ptr), is readily incorporated into and/or onto cervical cancer cells (HeLa) and that these cells die upon UV-A irradiation of Ptr. ...
Kuo J J Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, - - 2011
To determine the regional cell density distribution and basal oxygen consumption rates (based on tissue volume and cell number) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) discs and further examine the impact of oxygen tension on these rates. TMJ discs from pigs aged 6-8 months were divided into five regions: anterior, intermediate, posterior, ...
Salama Salama - - 2011
PURPOSE: The requirement for a well-tolerated and highly effective radiosensitizer that preferentially sensitizes tumor cells at multiple levels of radioresistance remains largely unmet. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME) has polypharmacological profiles that target multiple signaling pathways involved in the development of radioresistance. In the current study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of 2ME ...
Hintzsche H - - 2011
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the production of spindle disturbances in A(L) cells, a human-hamster hybrid cell line, by 0.106 THz radiation (continuous wave). Monolayer cultures in petri dishes were exposed for 5 h to 0.106 THz radiation with power densities ranging from 0.043 mW/cm(2) to 4.3 mW/cm(2) or ...
Athar Mohammad - - 2011
Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in cancer cells represent features that may be exploited therapeutically. We determined whether minor groove binding ligand Hoechst 33342, known to induce mitochondrial dysfunction via increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), enhances killing of human head and neck cancer (KB) cells mediated by impaired expression ...
Zanchetta Luciene M - - 2011
Purpose: To assess changes in mitochondrial morphology and mitophagy induced by simulated sunlight irradiation (SSI) and how these changes are modulated by mitochondrial activity and energy source. Materials and methods: Human malignant amelanotic melanoma A375 cells were pre-treated with either a mitochondrial activity enhancer, uncoupler or were either melanin or glutamine supplemented/starved ...
Wouters An - - 2011
Whereas radiosensitization by gemcitabine is well studied under normal oxygen conditions, little is known about its radiosensitizing potential under reduced oxygen conditions. Therefore, the present study evaluated the impact of anoxia on gemcitabine-mediated radiosensitization. The clonogenic assay was performed in three isogenic A549 cell lines differing in p53 status (24 ...
Shamis Yury - - 2011
The present study investigated the effects of microwave (MW) radiation applied under a sublethal temperature on Escherichia coli. The experiments were conducted at a frequency of 18 GHz and at a temperature below 40°C to avoid the thermal degradation of bacterial cells during exposure. The absorbed power was calculated to ...
Ubels John L - - 2011
The goal of this study was to investigate the efflux of K(+) from human corneal limbal epithelial cells (HCLE) exposed to ambient levels of UVB, which is known to cause apoptosis, and to examine the effect of K(+) channel blockers on loss of potassium induced by UVB. HCLE cells were ...
Han W - - 2011
A protective effect of exogenous carbon monoxide (CO), generated by CO releasing molecule Ticarbonyldichlororuthenium (II) dimer (CORM-2), on the bystander cells from the toxicity of radiation-induced bystander effect (RIBE) was revealed in our previous study. In the present work, a possible mechanism of this CO effect was investigated. The results ...
Chen Bing-Hung - - 2011
The anticancer effects of (-)-anonaine were investigated in this current study. (-)-Anonaine at concentration ranges of 50-200 μM exhibited significant inhibition to cell growth and migration activities on human lung cancer H1299 cells at 24 h, albeit cell cycle analyses showed that (-)-anonaine at the above concentration ranges did not ...
Landsverk Kirsti Solberg - - 2011
Cell cycle checkpoints ensure that eukaryotic cells do not enter mitosis after ionizing irradiation (IR). The G(2)-arrest after IR is the result of activation of multiple signalling pathways, the contributions of which vary with time after irradiation. We have studied the time evolution of the IR-induced G(2)-arrest in human B-lymphocyte ...
Goodsell David S - - 2011
Diverse biological data may be used to create illustrations of molecules in their cellular context. This report describes the scientific results that support an illustration of a eukaryotic cell, enlarged by one million times to show the distribution and arrangement of macromolecules. The panoramic cross section includes eight panels that ...
Thoms Kai-Martin - - 2011
Unlike other immunosuppressive drugs including everolimus, cyclosporin A causes a dramatic increase of UV-induced skin cancer, a feature that is reminiscent of xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), where defective nucleotide excision repair (NER) of UV-induced DNA damage results in cutaneous carcinogenesis. The molecular basis of the clinically important differential activities of cyclosporin ...
Short Susan C - - 2011
High grade gliomas (HGGs) are characterized by resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Targeting Rad51-dependent homologous recombination repair may be an effective target for chemo- and radiosensitization. In this study we assessed the role of Rad51-dependent repair on sensitivity to radiation and temozolomide (TMZ) as single agents or in combination. Repair ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >