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Results 301 - 350 of 2866
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Menk Ralf Hendrik - - 2011
The ability to track cells in small animal models of human disease is important because it gives the potential to improve our understanding of the processes of disease progression as well as the therapeutic effects of interventions. In this work gold nano-particles have been used as a permanent marker of ...
Forde James C - - 2011
Background: We proposed to investigate the radiosensitizing properties of PBOX-15, a novel microtubule-disrupting agent, in a panel of cancer cell lines. Results: PBOX-15 treatment was associated with significant cell kill and increased radiosensitivity in all three cell lines tested. The number of surviving cells in response to the combined treatment ...
Gavello Daniela - - 2011
Abstract We studied the effects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the electrophysiological properties of cultured mouse chromaffin cells, a model of spontaneously firing cells. The exposure of chromaffin cells to MWCNTs at increasing concentrations (30-263 μg/ml) for 24 h reduced, in a dose-dependent way, both the cell membrane input ...
Fujita Mayumi - - 2011
Tumor cells can migrate and invade tissue by two modes of motility: mesenchymal and amoeboid. X-ray or γ-ray irradiation increases the invasiveness of tumor cells with mesenchymal motility through the induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), and this increase is suppressed by MMP inhibitors (MMPI). However, the effects of X-ray or ...
Khan Atif J - - 2011
Brain metastases are a common preterminal event in patients with metastatic melanoma and require radiation therapy. Our group has previously shown that human GRM1 (hGRM1) expressing melanoma cells release excess extracellular glutamate and are growth inhibited by riluzole, an inhibitor of glutamate release. Riluzole-treated cells accumulate in G(2)/M phase of ...
Rai Ragini - - 2011
The SUMO ligase activity of Mms21/Nse2, a conserved member of the Smc5/6 complex, is required for resisting extrinsically induced genotoxic stress. We report that the Mms21 SUMO ligase activity is also required during the unchallenged mitotic cell cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. SUMO ligase-defective cells were slow growing and spontaneously incurred ...
Prat Odette - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ore workers are conventionally monitored for exposure by measuring the uranium in their urine, but specific biomarkers of kidney damage still remain to be discovered. A recent toxicogenomics study allowed us to focus on osteopontin (OSTP) normally excreted in human urine and linked to mineral metabolism. OBJECTIVES: We examined ...
Buonanno Manuela - - 2011
Widespread evidence indicates that exposure of cell populations to ionizing radiation results in significant biological changes in both the irradiated and nonirradiated bystander cells in the population. We investigated the role of radiation quality, or linear energy transfer (LET), and radiation dose in the propagation of stressful effects in the ...
Cho-Lim Jennie J JJ Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2011
Skeletal muscles are commonly exposed to radiation for diagnostic procedures and the treatment of cancers and heterotopic bone formation. Few studies have considered the impact of clinical doses of radiation on the ability of satellite cells (myogenic stem cells) to proliferate, differentiate and contribute to recovering/maintaining muscle mass. The primary ...
Purschke Martin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the active thermal bystander effect (ATBE) is cell-cycle dependent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dividing cells were directly heated for 10 minutes and co-cultured for 24 hours with different bystander cells. We compared the ATBE for dividing and non-dividing human fibroblasts, as well as for dividing human white preadipocytes (HWP) ...
Canazza Alessandra - - 2011
Radiosurgery is used increasingly upon recurrence of high-grade gliomas to deliver a high dose of focused radiation to a defined target. The purpose of our study was to compare intermittent irradiation (IIR) by using a CyberKnife (CK) with continuous irradiation (CIR) by using a conventional linear accelerator (LINAC). A significant ...
L Pez-Jornet Pia - - 2011
Abstract Objective. An in vitro study was made to evaluate the effect of curcumin and irradiation upon oral squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and method. Curcumin was administered at doses of 3, 3.75, 4.50 and 5.25 ?M in PE/CA-PJ15 oral squamous cell carcinoma cultures irradiated with different doses (1, 2.5 and ...
Kim Young-Mee - - 2011
We investigated whether ataxia telangiectasia and rad3-related (ATR) kinases regulate prolongation of ionizing radiation (IR) induced-G₂ arrest and radioresistance in ataxia telangiectasia mutated-intact cancer cells. ATR overexpressing cancer cells showed prolonged-G₂ arrest after IR exposure and were significantly resistant to DNA damaging stresses. The phosphorylation of p-Ser¹⁵-p53, p-Ser³⁴⁵-Chk1, and p-Tyr¹⁵-Cdk1 ...
Urban Pawel L - - 2011
We demonstrate a facile label-free approach for performing multidimensional chemical analysis on individual single-cell organisms by combining optical, fluorescence, and Raman microspectroscopy with matrix-free laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MS). Single unicellular algae are seeded on a bare stainless steel plate and analyzed microspectroscopically. This provides information on the content and ...
Lyng Fiona M - - 2011
Purpose:?The aim of this study was to elucidate the sequence of very early bystander signalling events and to determine the role of the different signalling molecules in both the production of the bystander signal and the response to this signal. Materials and methods:?Human keratinocytes (HaCaT cell line) were irradiated (0.005, ...
Lee Hae-June - - 2011
PURPOSE: Previous data suggest that the PKCδ catalytic V5 (PKCδ-V5) heptapeptide (HEPT) (FEQFLDI) binds HSP27 and blocks HSP27-mediated radio- or chemoresistance. Here we investigated further the in vivo function of the PKCδ-V5 HEPT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Labeling of HEPT with Cy5.5 or fluorescein isothiocyanate was performed to evaluate in vitro ...
Stojak Amber R - - 2011
Abstract Legionella pneumophila is a pathogenic bacterium that forms biofilms in natural and anthropogenic habitats. This feature not only facilitates colonization but also limits the effectiveness of biocides. L. pneumophila was exposed to three sizes of citrate-capped gold nanospheres in both planktonic and biofilm stages. TEM micrographs indicated that gold ...
Jin Cuihong - - 2011
Bystander effect(BE)can be induced by ionizing radiation and chemicals, including alkylating agents. Ionizing radiation mostly induces the bystander effect by causing double-strand DNA breakage in the exposed cells. However, the chemical-induced bystander effect is poorly studied. Here we chose actinomycin D (ACTD), a genotoxic chemotherapeutic drug, to investigate whether it ...
Sambade Maria J MJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2011
To assess the relative radiosensitivities of a large collection of melanoma cell lines and to determine whether pharmacologic inhibition of mutant B-RAF with PLX-4032 can radiosensitize B-Raf+ melanoma cells. A large collection of melanoma cell lines (n=37) were treated with 0-8Gy IR and clonogenic survival assays used to generate survival ...
Lin Hui - - 2011
Abstract The cell cluster modeling is a widely used method to estimate the small-scale dosimetry and provides the implication for a clinic. This work evaluated the effect of different regular cluster models on the radiobiological outputs for (211)At-radioimmunotherapy. The cell activity threshold was estimated using a tumor control probability of ...
Zhang Shu - - 2011
Selenium, an essential mineral, plays important roles in optimizing human health. Chitosan (CS) is an effective, naturally oriented material for synthesizing nanoparticles with preferable properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradation and resistance to certain enzymes. We have recently shown that cellular exposure to selenium compounds activates ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-dependent DNA damage ...
D'Antò Vincenzo - - 2011
The aims of this study were to evaluate the cytotoxicity of four orthodontic primers, including two hydrophilic and two hydrophobic materials, and to investigate the role of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) in induced cell damage. Moreover, the effects of the anti-oxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on primers toxicity was analyzed. ...
Liu Mike C - - 2011
We present the development of a three-dimensional (3-D) combinatorial cell culture array device featured with integrated three-input, eight-output combinatorial mixer and cell culture chambers. The device is designed for cell-based screening of multiple compounds simultaneously on a microfluidic platform. The final assembled device is composed of a porous membrane integrated ...
Nishisako Hirotaka - - 2011
Effects of a time-varying magnetic field on cell volume regulation by hyposmotic stress in cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells were examined. Through regulatory volume decrease (RVD), cell volume of chromaffin cells that were incubated in a hypotonic medium initially increased, reached a peak and finally recovered to the initial value. ...
Zhang Xiao-Ying - - 2011
AbstractAim:To investigate the effect of the growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible Gadd45a gene on the radiosensitivity of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line to ionizing radiation (IR).Methods:Short interfering ribonucleic acid (si-RNA) targeting Gadd45a or an irrelevant mRNA (nonsense si-RNA) was chemically synthesized. The constructed si-RNAs were transfected into Tca8113 ...
Park G W - - 2011
 To determine inactivation profiles of three human norovirus (NoV) surrogate viruses and coliphage MS2 by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and the protective effect of cell association on UV inactivation.   The inactivation rate for cell-free virus or intracellular echovirus 12 was determined by exposure to 254-nm UV light at fluence up ...
Bruss Matthew D MD Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California at Berkeley, 94720-3104, USA. - - 2011
Calorie restriction (CR) reduces the rate of cell proliferation in mitotic tissues. It has been suggested that this reduction in cell proliferation may mediate CR-induced increases in longevity. However, the mechanisms that lead to CR-induced reductions in cell proliferation rates remain unclear. To evaluate the CR-induced physiological adaptations that may ...
Goyal Anupama A EPFL SV ISREC UPSIM, SV2.1830, Station 19, CH 1015 Lausanne, - - 2011
Cytokinesis is the final stage of the cell cycle, and ensures completion of both genome segregation and organelle distribution to the daughter cells. Cytokinesis requires the cell to solve a spatial problem (to divide in the correct place, orthogonally to the plane of chromosome segregation) and a temporal problem (to ...
Manoto Sello Lebohang - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a photochemotherapeutic process that is used for the treatment of cancer. Photofrin is the most widely used photosensitizer, however, the chemical composition of Photofrin is unclear and it has a low absorption in the therapeutic wavelength (600-900 nm). This factor has stimulated research in synthesis and testing ...
Trillo María A - - 2011
The present study investigates the response of two human cancer cell lines to a 24-h treatment with a 2.2-GHz, pulse-modulated (5 µs pulse duration, 100 Hz repetition rate) radar-like signal at an average SAR = 0.023 W/kg, using a newly designed setup for in vitro exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields. A complete discretized model of ...
Grobe Gesa Maria - - 2011
Purpose: To improve the mechanical stability of a tissue-engineered human cornea construct, which is used as an in vitro model for drug absorption studies, the collagen matrix of this construct is to be strengthened by collagen cross-linking. A suitable method to induce photooxidative cross-linking of collagen fibrils is UVA irradiation ...
López Víctor - - 2011
Tea is a popular beverage whose consumption is associated with prevention of certain disorders. The objective of the study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of white tea extract (WTE) on hydrogen peroxide induced toxicity in PC12 cells. Cells were treated with various doses of WTE (10-250 μg/ml) before exposition ...
Groesser Torsten - - 2011
Purpose: To investigate γ-H2AX (phosphorylated histone H2AX) and 53BP1 (tumour protein 53 binding protein No. 1) foci formation and removal in proliferating and non-proliferating human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) after exposure to sparsely and densely ionising radiation under different cell culture conditions. Material and methods: HMEC cells were grown either as monolayers ...
Zhao Changli - - 2011
Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was used to fabricate nanocrystalline surface layers on the commercial purity titanium. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results indicate that the top layer contained nanograins. Enhanced strength and microhardness were achieved due to the surface nanostructure. Cell culture tests have shown a greater adhered ...
Cappelli Enrico - - 2011
In response to DNA damage, cells need robust repair mechanisms to complete the cell cycle successfully. Severe forms of DNA damage are repaired by homologous recombination (HR), in which the XRCC2 protein plays a vital role. Cells deficient in XRCC2 also show disruption of the centrosome, a key component of ...
Butterworth Karl T - - 2011
To determine the in-field and out-of-field cell survival of cells irradiated with either primary field or scattered radiation in the presence and absence of intercellular communication. Cell survival was determined by clonogenic assay in human prostate cancer (DU145) and primary fibroblast (AGO1552) cells following exposure to different field configurations delivered ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2011
Human exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents can be complicated by nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). Demonstration of significant quantities of insoluble gadolinium in the skin of NSF patients suggested transmetallation as a mechanism of toxicity of this injury. An alternative pathway for the biological effect of gadolinium is a disruption of ...
Chang Hao-Yen - - 2011
Human hPuf-A/KIAA0020 was first identified as a new minor histocompatibility antigen in 2001. Its zebrafish orthologue contains six Pumilio-homology RNA-binding domains and has been shown to participate in the development of eyes and primordial germ cells, but the cellular function of hPuf-A remains unclear. In this report, we showed that ...
Weekley Claire Marie - - 2011
Selenium compounds exhibit chemopreventative properties at supranutritional doses, but the efficacy of selenium supplementation in cancer prevention is dependent on the chemical speciation of the selenium supplement and its metabolites. The uptake, speciation and distribution of the common selenoamino acid supplements, selenomethionine (SeMet) and Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), in A549 human lung ...
Manseki Kazuhiro - - 2011
A PEDOT-based dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is successfully improved by coupling photoelectrochemically deposited PEDOT layer with an Ag paste-paint on the cathode. With a 9.3 μm thick mesoscopic nanocrystalline TiO(2) film, a maximum cell performance of 3.2% with relatively high V(oc) of around 780 mV is achieved.
Meller Birgit - - 2011
PURPOSE: : To date, no valid imaging modality exists for early response prediction to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy in carcinoembryonic-antigen-(CEA)-expressing rectal cancers (UICC stages II and III). It is hypothesized that the uptake of an anti-CEA antibody is directly related to the number of viable tumor cells and may be quantified by ...
Sangster-Guity N - - 2011
The protein kinase encoded by the ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) gene is activated by DNA-damaging agents that are frequently used as anticancer therapeutics. Inhibition of ATR expression in cultured cancer cells has been demonstrated to increase sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs, including the DNA-crosslinking agent cisplatin. Cisplatin is a widely ...
Tokalov S V - - 2011
Radiation-induced progression delay in G(1)/S, S and G(2)/M phases of p53 wild-type Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells growing in vivo was investigated by DNA flow cytometry. Different behavior patterns of EAC cells at the time after irradiation with low (2, 4, 6, 8 Gy) and high (10, 15, 20 Gy) doses were ...
Di Giambattista Lucia - - 2011
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection can be used to discriminate the necrotic from the apoptotic cell death in a tumoral T cell line irradiated by a UV source able to induce both apoptosis and necrosis. Using Jurkat cells as the model system, significant spectral differences in the ...
Kosar A - - 2011
The paper presents a study investigating the destructive energy output resulting from hydrodynamic bubbly cavitation in microchannels and its potential use in biomedical applications. The research performed in this study includes results from bubbly cavitation experiments and findings showing the destructive effects of bubbly cavitating flow on selected solid specimens ...
Petroni Daniel - - 2011
Acute neurotoxic effects of high-dose methylmercury (MeHg) in humans have been well documented in the scientific literature. However, low-dose effects are less well described. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of low-dose MeHg (<100 nM) on human brain cells in a tissue culture model. Neuroblastoma (NB) cells (SH-SY5Y) ...
Barbero J L - - 2011
Apart from a personal tragedy, could Down syndrome, cancer and infertility possibly have something in common? Are there links between a syndrome with physical and mental problems, a tumor growing out of control and the incapability to reproduce? These questions can be answered if we look at the biological functions ...
Kurz Christian M - - 2011
There is a lack of methods suitable for generation of data about the dynamics of effects on cell membranes with a high sensitivity. Such methods are urgently needed to support the optimisation of interaction of substances, particles or materials with cell. The goal of this article is to use an ...
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2011
The radiosensitizing activity of celastrol, a quinone methide triterpene was examined. We found that celastrol treatment of the NCI-H460 lung cancer cell line increased radiation-induced cell killing. The increased radiosensitivity was correlated with decreased levels of Hsp90 clients, such as EGFR, ErbB2 and survivin as well as with increased p53 ...
Grosicka-Maciąg Emilia - - 2011
The role of antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) in protection against cellular changes triggered by maneb during in vitro exposure was investigated in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. We observed high apoptotic activity and high oxidative stress induced by exposure to maneb evidenced by a statistically significant increase in lipid peroxidation (measured ...
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