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Results 201 - 250 of 2895
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Seelinger Mareike - - 2012
Introduction. Several studies demonstrated that anti-inflammatory remedies exhibit excellent anti-neoplastic properties. An extract of Pluchea odorata (Asteraceae), which is used for wound healing and against inflammatory conditions, was fractionated and properties correlating to anti-neoplastic and wound healing effects were separated. Methods. Up to six fractionation steps using silica gel, Sephadex ...
Kanemaki Nobuyuki - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a lens epithelial cell (LEC) line originated from a cataract of a dog. An anterior capsulorhexis specimen from a dog naturally developing mature cataracts was obtained prior to routine phacoemulsification cataract extraction. The primary lens epithelial cells were transfected with expression plasmid ...
Young Mark - - 2012
Tendon injuries are a common cause of morbidity and a significant health burden on society. Tendons are structural tissues connecting muscle to bone and are prone to tearing and tendinopathy, an overuse or degenerative condition that is characterized by failed healing and cellular depletion. Current treatments, for tendon tear are ...
Moody Sally A - - 2012
The lineages of individual cells of the Xenopus cleavage-stage embryo have been fate-mapped to reveal the subset of blastomeres that are the major and minor precursors of the retina. Using this retina fate map, one can test the commitment of each of these cells to various retinal cell fates by ...
Ozawa Hironobu - - 2012
The first example of a ruthenium sensitizer (TUS-22) having a natural dye, bisdemethoxycurcumin, as a ligand has been synthesized. The dye-sensitized solar cell based on this novel dye showed 5.8% conversion efficiency under AM 1.5 (100 mW/cm(2)) irradiation.
Heo Jang Won - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e33456 in vol. 7.].
Okuno Tsutomu - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine ultraviolet (UV) action spectra for cell killing of primary porcine lens epithelial cells (LECs) that can be used to establish guidelines for evaluation of the hazard of cataract due to UV exposure in the workplace. Methods: Primary porcine LECs were exposed ...
Sindt Christine W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess whether differences in central corneal dendritic immune cell densities associated with combinations of soft contact lenses and lens care solutions could be detected by in vivo confocal microscopy. Participants were adults naïve to contact lens wear (n = 10) or who wore ...
Xu Yi-Ting - - 2012
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease and a prevalent cause of visual impairment in developed countries. Many studies suggest that age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) is a second major susceptibility gene for AMD. At present, there is no functional information on this gene. Therefore, the purpose of the ...
Wang Hsiao-Wei - - 2012
One of the persistent challenges confronting tissue engineering is the lack of intrinsic microvessels for the transportation of nutrients and metabolites. An artificial microvascular system could be a feasible solution to this problem. In this study, the femtosecond laser ablation technique was implemented for the fabrication of pillared microvessel scaffolds ...
Paimela Tuomas - - 2012
In numerous clinical and experimental studies, preservatives present in eye drops have had detrimental effects on ocular epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic and inflammatory effects of the preservative polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1) containing Travatan (travoprost 0.004%) and Systane Ultra eye drops with benzalkonium chloride (BAK) ...
Fernandez Cabada Tamara - - 2012
Metallic nanorods are promising agents for a wide range of biomedical applications. In this study, we developed an optical hyperthermia method capable of inducing in vitro death of glioblastoma cells. The procedure used was based on irradiation of gold nanorods with a continuous wave laser. This kind of nanoparticle converts ...
Shi Nian-Qiu - - 2012
The use of activable cell-penetrating peptides (ACPPs) as molecular imaging probes is a promising new approach for the visualization of enzymes. The cell-penetrating function of a polycationic cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) is efficiently blocked by intramolecular electrostatic interactions with a polyanionic peptide. Proteolysis of a proteinase-sensitive substrate present between the CPP ...
Brun Paola - - 2012
Low temperature plasmas have been proposed in medicine as agents for tissue disinfection and have received increasing attention due to the frequency of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This study explored whether atmospheric-pressure cold plasma (APCP) generated by a new portable device that ionizes a flow of helium gas can inactivate ...
Song Nang-Hee - - 2012
To investigate cadmium chloride cytotoxicity in human lens epithelial cells as well as the mode of cell death and its mechanism. Cultured human lens epithelial cells were challenged with cadmium chloride. Morphological changes of human lens epithelial cells caused by cadmium chloride exposure were evaluated by microscope. Cell viability was ...
Hostanska Katarina - - 2012
Drugs of plant origin such as Arnica montana, Calendula officinalis or Hypericum perforatum have been frequently used to promote wound healing. While their effect on wound healing using preparations at pharmacological concentrations was supported by several in vitro and clinical studies, investigations of herbal homeopathic remedies on wound healing process ...
Kudo Lili C - - 2012
We developed a novel, highly accurate, capillary based vacuum-assisted microdissection device CTAS-Cell and Tissue Acquisition System, for efficient isolation of enriched cell populations from live and freshly frozen tissues, which can be successfully used in a variety of molecular studies, including genomics and proteomics. Specific diameter of the disposable capillary ...
Ju Chengqun - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of inducing rat neural crest cells (NCC) to differentiate to functional corneal endothelial cell (CEC)-like cells in vitro. Rat NCC were induced with adult CEC-derived conditioned medium. Immunofluorescence, flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR assay were used to detect expression ...
Miyamoto Kazuhisa - - 2012
To study the roles played by stem cell factor (SCF) and SCF receptor c-kit in wound healing of corneal epithelial cells. A 2 mm corneal epithelial wound was made in control (WBB6F1(+/+)), SCF (Sl/Sl(d))-, and c-kit (W/W(v)) mutant mice, and the speed of wound healing, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, and scanning ...
Tsui Leo - - 2012
The survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is a hallmark of many optic neurodegenerative diseases such as glaucoma. YC-1, a potential anticancer drug, is known to be able to decrease the stability and protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α that is triggered by hypoxia and related to RGC survival. We ...
Kawamori Akihito - - 2012
Endoreplication is a variant type of DNA replication, consisting only of alternating G1 and S phases. Many types of Drosophila tissues undergo endoreplication. However, the timing and the extent to which a single endocycling macrochaete undergoes temporally programmed endoreplication during development are unclear. Here, we focused on the dynamics of ...
Togo Tatsuru - - 2012
Resealing of a disrupted plasma membrane at the micron-diameter range requires Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis. Repeated membrane disruptions reseal more quickly than the initial wound, and this potentiation of membrane resealing persists for at least 24 hours after the initial wound. Long-term potentiation of membrane resealing requires CREB-dependent gene expression, which is ...
Rosen Richard B - - 2012
Recently, we reported finding that circulating melatonin levels in age-related macular degeneration patients were significantly lower than those in age-matched controls. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that melatonin deficiency may play a role in the oxidative damage of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) by testing ...
Xu Wen-Hong - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of composite doxorubicinloaded micelles for enhancing doxorubicin radiosensitivity in multicellular spheroids from a non-small cell lung cancer cell line. A novel composite doxorubicin-loaded micelle consisting of polyethylene glycolpolycaprolactone/Pluronic P105 was developed, and carrier-mediated doxorubicin accumulation and release from multicellular spheroids ...
Ellenbroek Saskia I J - - 2012
Polarized cell migration is a crucial process in the development and repair of tissues, as well as in pathological conditions, including cancer. Recent studies have elucidated important roles for Rho GTPases in the establishment and maintenance of polarity prior to and during cell migration. Here, we show that Tiam1, a ...
Liu Ting - - 2012
Severe chemical burns can cause necrosis of ocular surface tissues following the infiltration of inflammatory cells. It has been shown that amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) is an effective treatment for severe chemical burns, but the phenotypes of cells that infiltrate the amniotic membrane and the clinical significance of these cellular ...
Kong Zhiying - - 2012
Images from cultured lens cells do not convey enough spatial information, and imaging of fixed lens specimens cannot reveal dynamic changes in the cells. As such, a real-time, convenient approach for monitoring label-free imaging of dynamic processes of living cells within the whole lens is urgently needed. Female Wistar rat ...
Bao Xiu-li - - 2012
Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is caused mainly by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation, and migration of human lens epithelial (HLE) cells. wingless (Wnt) signaling has been implicated in the fibrotic process by inducing EMT and increasing the proliferation of epithelial cells. This study investigated the role of Wnt3a in PCO ...
Lovy Alenka A Department of Neuroscience, Center for Neuroscience Research, Tufts School of - - 2012
Mitochondrial fusion plays an essential role in mitochondrial calcium homeostasis, bioenergetics, autophagy and quality control. Fusion is quantified in living cells by photo-conversion of matrix targeted photoactivatable GFP (mtPAGFP) in a subset of mitochondria. The rate at which the photoconverted molecules equilibrate across the entire mitochondrial population is used as ...
Park Un Chul - - 2011
To differentiate the human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in the defined culture condition and determine its therapeutic potential for the treatment of retinal degenerative diseases. The embryoid bodies were formed from hESCs and attached on the matrigel coated culture dishes. The neural structures consisting ...
Pogorelova M A - - 2011
Osmolarity of Dulbecco's medium at which the volume of two-cell mouse embryo remained similar to that of intact embryo was determined. The method is based on comparison of kinetic curves describing the volume of embryonic cell in solutions of different osmolarity. The blastomere volume was measured by quantitative laser microtomography ...
Sharma Krishna V - - 2012
Melanoma is the main cause of death in skin cancers. Despite combating with early detection, resection and post-operative therapy, melanoma treatment remains unsuccessful and investigations into other forms of adjuvant therapy such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) are prudent. This study proposes that depigmentation i.e. the removal of the free radical ...
Lim M N - - 2011
Transplantation of cultivated limbal epithelium on substrates such as amniotic membrane is an established treatment for severe ocular surface disease with limbal stem cell deficiency. In this study, we adapted an established method to generate sheets of limbal epithelium on amniotic membrane and characterized the cells contained in these sheets ...
Velho-Pereira Reelma - - 2011
TQ (thymoquinone), the bioactive constituent of black seed (Nigella sativa), has been shown to inhibit the growth of various human cancers both in vitro and in vivo. This study reports the radiosensitizing effect of TQ on human breast carcinoma cells (MCF7 and T47D). TQ in combination with single dose of ...
Maduray K - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy is a medical treatment that uses an inactive dye/drug and lasers as a light source to activate the dye/drug to produce a toxic form of oxygen that destroys the cancer cells. This study aimed at investigating the cytotoxic effects of different concentrations of aluminum tetrasulfophthalocyanines in its inactive ...
van Zutphen Tim - - 2011
Evidence is accumulating that damaged components of eukaryotic cells are removed by autophagic degradation (e.g., mitophagy). Here we show that peroxisomes that are damaged by the abrupt removal of the membrane protein Pex3 are massively and rapidly degraded even when the cells are placed at peroxisome-inducing conditions and hence need ...
Hamada Nobuyuki - - 2011
For nearly a century, ionizing radiation has been indispensable to medical diagnosis. Furthermore, various types of electromagnetic and particulate radiation have also been used in cancer therapy. However, the biological mechanism of radiation action remains incompletely understood. In this regard, a rapidly growing body of experimental evidence indicates that radiation ...
Mosconi Marita - - 2011
An improved assessment of the biological effects and related risks of low doses of ionizing radiation is currently an important issue in radiation biology. Irradiations using microbeams are particularly well suited for precise and localized dose depositions, whereas recombinant cell lines with fluorescent proteins allow the live observation of radiation-induced ...
Sannino Anna - - 2011
Purpose: To investigate the influence of cell cycle on the adaptive response (AR) induced by the exposure of human blood lymphocytes to radiofrequency fields (RF). Materials and methods: Human peripheral blood lymphocytes in G(0)-, G(1)- or S-phase of the cell cycle were exposed for 20 hours to an adaptive dose (AD) of ...
Martin Olga A - - 2011
The importance of bystander effects is becoming more appreciated, as studies show they may affect the course of cancer and other chronic diseases. The term "bystander effects" refers to changes in naïve cells sharing the same milieu with cells that have been damaged. Bystander cells may be in contact with, ...
Czakai Kristin - - 2011
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most potent rodent renal carcinogens studied to date. Although controversial results regarding OTA genotoxicity have been published, it is now widely accepted that OTA is not a mutagenic, DNA-reactive carcinogen. Instead, increasing evidence from both in vivo and in vitro studies suggests that ...
Zhang Jie - - 2011
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is widely used in industry; it is nonbiodegradable and persistent in the human body and in the environment. Although reports have indicated that young people might have higher PFOS levels in serum or blood than do older people, its adverse effects on neonatal testicular cells had not ...
Edwards Falicia L - - 2013
Methyl parathion (C₈H₁₀NO₅PS) and parathion (C₁₀H14 NO₅PS) are both organophosphate insecticides (OPI) widely used for household and agricultural applications. They are known for their ability to irreversibly inhibit acetylcholinesterase which often leads to a profound effect on the nervous system of exposed organisms. Many recently published studies have indicated that ...
Murayama Hideyuki - - 2011
It has been reported that low-power laser irradiation (LLI) can modulate various biological processes including cell proliferation. Some reports suggest that LLI interferes with the cell cycle and inhibits cell proliferation, while others suggest that LLI has a stimulatory effect. Mechanisms underlying the effects of LLI remain unclear. Since the ...
Huang Yun - - 2011
Micronuclei are closely related to DNA damage. The presence of micronuclei in mammalian cells is a common phenomenon post ionizing radiation. The level of micronucleation in tumor cells has been used to predict prognosis after radiotherapy in many cancers. In order to understand how irradiation-induced micronuclei affect cell fate, we ...
Choi Dae-Kyoung - - 2011
A new sunscreen ingredient, methoxycinnamidopropyl polysilsesquioxane (MCP-PSQ), which contains an ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing p-methoxycinnamoyl group, has been developed synthetically and evaluated using in vitro and in vivo approaches. Previous studies revealed that MCP-PSQ has a raising or boosting effect on the sun protection factor (SPF) of other sunscreen agents. In this ...
Lossaint G - - 2011
In the presence of sustained DNA damage occurring in S-phase or G2, normal cells arrest before mitosis and eventually become senescent. The checkpoint kinases Chk1/Chk2 and the CDK inhibitor p21 are known to have important complementary roles in this process, in G2 arrest and cell cycle exit, respectively. However, additional ...
Corbin Audrey - - 2011
The penetration and overall efficacy of six mouthrinse actives was evaluated by using an in vitro flow cell oral biofilm model. The technique involved preloading biofilm cells with a green fluorescent dye that leaked out as the cells were permeabilized by a treatment. The loss of green color, and of ...
Kim Jung-Sik JS Department of Oncology, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 3970 Reservoir Road, N.W., Washington, DC 20057, - - 2011
Following DNA damage, human cells undergo arrests in the G(1) and G(2) phases of the cell cycle and a simultaneous arrest in cell size. We previously demonstrated that the cell size arrest can be uncoupled from the cell cycle arrest by mutational inactivation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene. Here ...
He Jinpeng - - 2011
Cell cycle checkpoint is a self-protective mechanism for cells to monitor genome integrity and ensure the high-fidelity transmission of genetic information to daughter cells. Insufficient function of cell cycle checkpoints has been demonstrated to partially account for tumor initiation, promotion and progression. In the ten melanoma cell lines that we ...
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