Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2864
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Peeters Sara - - 2012
Laser-assisted killing of gold nanoparticle targeted macrophages was investigated. Using pressure transient detection, flash photography and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging, we studied the mechanism of single cell damage by vapor bubble formation around gold nanospheres induced by nanosecond laser pulses. The influence of the number of irradiating laser pulses ...
Urashima Hiroki - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: The effects of rebamipide on the number of periodic acid Schiff reagent (PAS)-positive cells in the conjunctiva, the mucin content in the cornea and conjunctiva of normal rabbits, and desiccation-induced corneal damage in vivo were examined. Methods: Rebamipide (0.1%-3%) was applied 6 times a day for 14 days, ...
Li Ping - - 2012
Objective: Radiation is an important cause of delayed wound healing, and there still exist many questions regarding the patterns and mechanisms of wound healing. This study investigated the characteristics of wound healing after varying doses of local radiation and explored possible causes of the delay in healing caused by radiation. ...
Riahi Reza - - 2012
Collective cell migration plays essential roles in a wide spectrum of biological processes, such as embryogenesis, tissue regeneration, and cancer metastasis. Numerous wound-healing assays based on mechanical, chemical, optical, and electrical approaches have been developed to create model "wounds" in cell monolayers to study the collective cell migration processes. These ...
Garcia Iker - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate a limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) diagnosis method based on the detection of the MUC5AC transcript by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in comparison with the standard diagnostic method based on goblet cell detection by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-hematoxylin staining, using samples obtained from corneal epithelium impression cytology ...
Koch Lothar - - 2012
For the aim of ex vivo engineering of functional tissue substitutes, Laser-assisted BioPrinting (LaBP) is under investigation for the arrangement of living cells in predefined patterns. So far three-dimensional (3D) arrangements of single or two-dimensional (2D) patterning of different cell types have been presented. It has been shown that cells ...
Peplow Philip V - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to review studies of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on wound healing and cells in vitro, to assess the effects of such therapy. Background data: PDT is used to treat tumors. When activated by light of a specific wavelength, the photosensitizer produces reactive oxygen ...
Sequeira Sharon J - - 2012
Nanofiber scaffolds have been useful for engineering tissues derived from mesenchymal cells, but few studies have investigated their applicability for epithelial cell-derived tissues. In this study, we generated nanofiber (250 nm) or microfiber (1200 nm) scaffolds via electrospinning from the polymer, poly-l-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA). Cell-scaffold contacts were visualized using fluorescent ...
Li Bin - - 2012
The aim of the study was to investigate the photodynamic effect of the novel photosensitizer chlorophyllin e4 against human bladder cancer cells. T24 and 5637 bladder cancer cell lines were incubated with chlorophyllin e4 and irradiated with a 650-nm laser light. The controls included cells treated with chlorophyllin e4 but ...
Hanson Charles - - 2012
Purpose:  The aim of this study was to investigate whether cells originating from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) could be successfully transplanted onto a partially wounded human cornea. A second aim was to study the ability of the transplanted cells to differentiate into corneal epithelial-like cells. Methods:  Spontaneously, differentiated hESCs ...
Jain Mamta - - 2012
Cell migration is a common cellular process in angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Rudhira/BCAS3 (Breast Cancer Amplified Sequence 3) is a conserved protein expressed in the embryonic vasculature and malignant tumors. Here, we show for the first time that Rudhira plays an active role in directional cell migration. Rudhira depletion in ...
Idrus Ruszymah Bt Hj - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Centella asiatica is a traditional herbal medicine that has been shown to have pharmacological effect on skin wound healing, and could be potential therapeutic agent for corneal epithelial wound healing. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was done to evaluate the effects of Centella asiatica on the proliferation ...
Chavira-Suárez Erika - - 2012
Hyperglycemia alters the tight control of intracellular calcium dynamics in retinal cells and may lead to the development of diabetic retinopathy. The potassium channel interacting protein 3 (KChIP3) also known as DREAM (Downstream Regulatory Element Antagonist Modulator) or calsenilin (KChIP3/DREAM/calsenilin), a member of the neuronal calcium sensor protein family, is ...
Greiling Teri M S - - 2012
On the basis of recent advances in molecular biology, genetics, and live-embryo imaging, direct comparisons between zebra fish and human lens development are being made. The zebra fish has numerous experimental advantages for investigation of fundamental biomedical problems that are often best studied in the lens. The physical characteristics of ...
Basso Fernanda G - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine adequate energy doses using specific parameters of LLLT to produce biostimulatory effects on human gingival fibroblast culture. Cells (3 × 10(4) cells/cm(2)) were seeded on 24-well acrylic plates using plain DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. After 48-hour incubation with 5% ...
Schulze Jens - - 2012
Recent studies have challenged the widespread view that the pattern of embryogenesis found in Caenorhabditis elegans (clade 9) is characteristic of nematodes in general. To understand this still largely unexplored landscape of developmental events, we set out to examine more distantly related nematodes in detail for temporospatial differences in pattern ...
Barcala Marta - - 2012
Laser capture microdissection (LCM) has become a powerful technique that allows analyzing gene expression in specific target cells from complex tissues. It is widely used in animal research, yet few studies on plants have been carried out. We have applied this technique to the plants-nematode interaction by isolating feeding cells ...
Grosche Antje - - 2012
To study physiologic characteristics of human Müller cells from healthy and pathologically altered eyes. Human tissue was used from organ donors and from patients affected with uveal melanoma. Several melanoma eyes also showed retinal detachment. Incubation of freshly prepared slices with a commercial vital dye preferentially stained Müller cells. The ...
Zhou Wei - - 2012
Background: High-voltage electric field pulses can make cell membrane electroporated irreversibly and eliminate malignant cells via necrosis. However, low-voltage is not efficient as that. Aims: This study determined the differential effects of high- and low-voltage electric field pulses on HeLa cells, when the power of low-voltage was enhanced by increasing ...
Liopo Anton V - - 2012
In the present work, we present the use of gold nanorods as plasmonic nanoparticles for selective photothermal therapy of human acute (HL-60) and chronicle (K-562) leukemia cells using a near-infrared laser. We improved a published methodology of gold nanorods conjugation to generate high yields of narrow band gold nanorods with ...
Zhao Shanshan - - 2012
Although the cellular endocytosis or uptake research using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and Transwell inserts was frequently reported in experimental cell research and pharmaceutical research, there is little report on cellular transport process based on the same techniques. One of main reasons is that fluorescence of most fluorescent reagents ...
Seelinger Mareike - - 2012
Introduction. Several studies demonstrated that anti-inflammatory remedies exhibit excellent anti-neoplastic properties. An extract of Pluchea odorata (Asteraceae), which is used for wound healing and against inflammatory conditions, was fractionated and properties correlating to anti-neoplastic and wound healing effects were separated. Methods. Up to six fractionation steps using silica gel, Sephadex ...
Kanemaki Nobuyuki - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a lens epithelial cell (LEC) line originated from a cataract of a dog. An anterior capsulorhexis specimen from a dog naturally developing mature cataracts was obtained prior to routine phacoemulsification cataract extraction. The primary lens epithelial cells were transfected with expression plasmid ...
Young Mark - - 2012
Tendon injuries are a common cause of morbidity and a significant health burden on society. Tendons are structural tissues connecting muscle to bone and are prone to tearing and tendinopathy, an overuse or degenerative condition that is characterized by failed healing and cellular depletion. Current treatments, for tendon tear are ...
Moody Sally A - - 2012
The lineages of individual cells of the Xenopus cleavage-stage embryo have been fate-mapped to reveal the subset of blastomeres that are the major and minor precursors of the retina. Using this retina fate map, one can test the commitment of each of these cells to various retinal cell fates by ...
Ozawa Hironobu - - 2012
The first example of a ruthenium sensitizer (TUS-22) having a natural dye, bisdemethoxycurcumin, as a ligand has been synthesized. The dye-sensitized solar cell based on this novel dye showed 5.8% conversion efficiency under AM 1.5 (100 mW/cm(2)) irradiation.
Heo Jang Won - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e33456 in vol. 7.].
Okuno Tsutomu - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine ultraviolet (UV) action spectra for cell killing of primary porcine lens epithelial cells (LECs) that can be used to establish guidelines for evaluation of the hazard of cataract due to UV exposure in the workplace. Methods: Primary porcine LECs were exposed ...
Sindt Christine W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess whether differences in central corneal dendritic immune cell densities associated with combinations of soft contact lenses and lens care solutions could be detected by in vivo confocal microscopy. Participants were adults naïve to contact lens wear (n = 10) or who wore ...
Xu Yi-Ting - - 2012
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease and a prevalent cause of visual impairment in developed countries. Many studies suggest that age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) is a second major susceptibility gene for AMD. At present, there is no functional information on this gene. Therefore, the purpose of the ...
Wang Hsiao-Wei - - 2012
One of the persistent challenges confronting tissue engineering is the lack of intrinsic microvessels for the transportation of nutrients and metabolites. An artificial microvascular system could be a feasible solution to this problem. In this study, the femtosecond laser ablation technique was implemented for the fabrication of pillared microvessel scaffolds ...
Paimela Tuomas - - 2012
In numerous clinical and experimental studies, preservatives present in eye drops have had detrimental effects on ocular epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic and inflammatory effects of the preservative polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1) containing Travatan (travoprost 0.004%) and Systane Ultra eye drops with benzalkonium chloride (BAK) ...
Fernandez Cabada Tamara - - 2012
Metallic nanorods are promising agents for a wide range of biomedical applications. In this study, we developed an optical hyperthermia method capable of inducing in vitro death of glioblastoma cells. The procedure used was based on irradiation of gold nanorods with a continuous wave laser. This kind of nanoparticle converts ...
Shi Nian-Qiu - - 2012
The use of activable cell-penetrating peptides (ACPPs) as molecular imaging probes is a promising new approach for the visualization of enzymes. The cell-penetrating function of a polycationic cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) is efficiently blocked by intramolecular electrostatic interactions with a polyanionic peptide. Proteolysis of a proteinase-sensitive substrate present between the CPP ...
Brun Paola - - 2012
Low temperature plasmas have been proposed in medicine as agents for tissue disinfection and have received increasing attention due to the frequency of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This study explored whether atmospheric-pressure cold plasma (APCP) generated by a new portable device that ionizes a flow of helium gas can inactivate ...
Song Nang-Hee - - 2012
To investigate cadmium chloride cytotoxicity in human lens epithelial cells as well as the mode of cell death and its mechanism. Cultured human lens epithelial cells were challenged with cadmium chloride. Morphological changes of human lens epithelial cells caused by cadmium chloride exposure were evaluated by microscope. Cell viability was ...
Hostanska Katarina - - 2012
Drugs of plant origin such as Arnica montana, Calendula officinalis or Hypericum perforatum have been frequently used to promote wound healing. While their effect on wound healing using preparations at pharmacological concentrations was supported by several in vitro and clinical studies, investigations of herbal homeopathic remedies on wound healing process ...
Kudo Lili C - - 2012
We developed a novel, highly accurate, capillary based vacuum-assisted microdissection device CTAS-Cell and Tissue Acquisition System, for efficient isolation of enriched cell populations from live and freshly frozen tissues, which can be successfully used in a variety of molecular studies, including genomics and proteomics. Specific diameter of the disposable capillary ...
Ju Chengqun - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of inducing rat neural crest cells (NCC) to differentiate to functional corneal endothelial cell (CEC)-like cells in vitro. Rat NCC were induced with adult CEC-derived conditioned medium. Immunofluorescence, flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR assay were used to detect expression ...
Miyamoto Kazuhisa - - 2012
To study the roles played by stem cell factor (SCF) and SCF receptor c-kit in wound healing of corneal epithelial cells. A 2 mm corneal epithelial wound was made in control (WBB6F1(+/+)), SCF (Sl/Sl(d))-, and c-kit (W/W(v)) mutant mice, and the speed of wound healing, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, and scanning ...
Tsui Leo - - 2012
The survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is a hallmark of many optic neurodegenerative diseases such as glaucoma. YC-1, a potential anticancer drug, is known to be able to decrease the stability and protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α that is triggered by hypoxia and related to RGC survival. We ...
Kawamori Akihito - - 2012
Endoreplication is a variant type of DNA replication, consisting only of alternating G1 and S phases. Many types of Drosophila tissues undergo endoreplication. However, the timing and the extent to which a single endocycling macrochaete undergoes temporally programmed endoreplication during development are unclear. Here, we focused on the dynamics of ...
Togo Tatsuru - - 2012
Resealing of a disrupted plasma membrane at the micron-diameter range requires Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis. Repeated membrane disruptions reseal more quickly than the initial wound, and this potentiation of membrane resealing persists for at least 24 hours after the initial wound. Long-term potentiation of membrane resealing requires CREB-dependent gene expression, which is ...
Rosen Richard B - - 2012
Recently, we reported finding that circulating melatonin levels in age-related macular degeneration patients were significantly lower than those in age-matched controls. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that melatonin deficiency may play a role in the oxidative damage of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) by testing ...
Xu Wen-Hong - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of composite doxorubicinloaded micelles for enhancing doxorubicin radiosensitivity in multicellular spheroids from a non-small cell lung cancer cell line. A novel composite doxorubicin-loaded micelle consisting of polyethylene glycolpolycaprolactone/Pluronic P105 was developed, and carrier-mediated doxorubicin accumulation and release from multicellular spheroids ...
Ellenbroek Saskia I J - - 2012
Polarized cell migration is a crucial process in the development and repair of tissues, as well as in pathological conditions, including cancer. Recent studies have elucidated important roles for Rho GTPases in the establishment and maintenance of polarity prior to and during cell migration. Here, we show that Tiam1, a ...
Liu Ting - - 2012
Severe chemical burns can cause necrosis of ocular surface tissues following the infiltration of inflammatory cells. It has been shown that amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) is an effective treatment for severe chemical burns, but the phenotypes of cells that infiltrate the amniotic membrane and the clinical significance of these cellular ...
Kong Zhiying - - 2012
Images from cultured lens cells do not convey enough spatial information, and imaging of fixed lens specimens cannot reveal dynamic changes in the cells. As such, a real-time, convenient approach for monitoring label-free imaging of dynamic processes of living cells within the whole lens is urgently needed. Female Wistar rat ...
Bao Xiu-li - - 2012
Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is caused mainly by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation, and migration of human lens epithelial (HLE) cells. wingless (Wnt) signaling has been implicated in the fibrotic process by inducing EMT and increasing the proliferation of epithelial cells. This study investigated the role of Wnt3a in PCO ...
Lovy Alenka A Department of Neuroscience, Center for Neuroscience Research, Tufts School of - - 2012
Mitochondrial fusion plays an essential role in mitochondrial calcium homeostasis, bioenergetics, autophagy and quality control. Fusion is quantified in living cells by photo-conversion of matrix targeted photoactivatable GFP (mtPAGFP) in a subset of mitochondria. The rate at which the photoconverted molecules equilibrate across the entire mitochondrial population is used as ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >