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Arrambide G - - 2009
The potassium salt of the carbonato oxodiperoxovanadate(V) complex, obtained by a known synthetic procedure, was thoroughly characterized by infrared, Raman, and electronic spectroscopy. The bioactivity of the complex on the cell proliferation was tested on osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3E1 osteoblastic mouse calvaria-derived cells and UMR106 rat osteosarcoma-derived cells) in culture. At ...
Chu Qing - - 2009
Gefitinib is an orally active, selective epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The present study was aimed at evaluating the antitumor activity of gefitinib alone or in combination with other antitumor agents. Gefitinib showed higher cytotoxicity against five human tumor cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, T98G and U87MG) than against ...
Zhang Dong D Geriatric Respiratory Department,PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853,P. R. China. - - 2009
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can inhibit cell signal network function through decreasing expression of multiple genes and proteins, thus affect cell proliferation, survival and chemosensitivity. HDAC inhibitors combined with paclitaxel may enhance the inhibitory effect of drugs on lung cancer cells. This study was to observe the synergistic anti-proliferative effect ...
Lim Seung-Ho - - 2010
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a crucial role in the invasion and growth of malignant gliomas, their increased activity in tumor environment can be used as a specific target for chemotherapy. We investigated whether polymer-drug conjugates formed via MMP-cleavable peptide linkages could provide MMP-responsive tumor targeting and cytotoxicity for malignant ...
Fedorov Sergey S Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. 100 let Vladivostoku, 159, Vladivostok 690022, Russia. - - 2010
Four isoforms of actinoporins were isolated in 2002-2004 from the tropical sea anemone Heteractis crispa (=Radianthus macrodactylus). Their potent hemolytic activities and effects on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing mice were also studied. In this study, the individual actinoporin (RTX-A) demonstrated potential cancer-preventive activity at extremely low and non-cytotoxic concentrations. The ...
Sullivan C Blake - - 2010
Levuglandins and their stereo- and regio-isomers (termed isolevuglandins or isoketals) are gamma-ketoaldehydes (IsoK) that rapidly react with lysines to form stable protein adducts. IsoK protein adduct levels increase in several pathological conditions including cardiovascular disease. IsoKs can induce ion channel dysfunction and cell death, potentially by adducting to cellular proteins. ...
Rabensteiner Dieter Franz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To analyse the influence of hyaluronate (HA) on the cell vitality of human conjunctival cells after chemical injuries from NaOH or alkali-containing household cleaners. METHODS: Human conjunctival cells (Chang cells) were incubated either with NaOH solutions or dilutions of household cleaners. HA (0.025%) was added to the cell culture ...
Penthala Narsimha Reddy - - 2010
The synthesis of several novel substituted (Z)-2-amino-5-(1-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4(5H)-ones structurally related to aplysinopsin have been carried out under microwave irradiation and conventional heating methods. The analogs 3a, 3b, 3d-3g,3k and 3l were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against an NCI 60 human tumor cell line panel. Compound 3f exhibited good ...
Camm Kenneth D - - 2009
A number of new ruthenium compounds have been synthesised, isolated and characterised, which exhibit excellent cytotoxicity against a number of different human tumour cell lines including a defined cisplatin resistant cell line and colon cancer cell lines. Addition of hydrophobic groups to the ruthenium molecules has a positive effect on ...
Asp Vendela - - 2010
The DDT metabolite 3-methylsulfonyl-DDE (3-MeSO(2)-DDE) has been proposed as a lead compound for an improved adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) treatment. ACC is a rare malignant disorder with poor prognosis, and the current pharmacological therapy o,p'-DDD (mitotane) has limited efficacy and causes severe adverse effects. 3-MeSO(2)-DDE is bioactivated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) ...
Wu De-Qun - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the targeting and photodynamic therapy efficiency of porphyrin and galactosyl conjugated micelles based on amphiphilic copolymer galactosyl and mono-aminoporphyrin (APP) incoporated poly(2-aminoethyl methacrylate)-polycaprolactone (Gal-APP-PAEMA-PCL). METHODS: Poly(2-aminoethyl methacrylate)-polycaprolactone (PAEMA-PCL) was synthesized by the combination of ring opening polymerization and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, and then Gal-APP-PAEMA-PCL ...
Yang Yu-Liang - - 2009
Six photosensitive polyketides, malbranpyrroles A-F, were discovered from the thermophilic fungus Malbranchea sulfurea by using intact-cell desorption/ionization on silicon mass (ICD-MS) and LC-SPE-NMR. These two strategies facilitate the searching and structural determination of unstable natural products. The ICD-MS indicated that only brown hyphae of M. sulfurea can produce malbranpyrroles. The ...
Kim Ki Hyun - - 2009
Three new biphenyls, berbekorin A (1), 2'-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxybiphenyl (2), and 4,5-dihydroxy-3-methoxybiphenyl (3), together with 11 known biphenyls (4-14), were isolated from the n-hexane-soluble fraction of the MeOH extract of the trunk of Berberis koreana. The structures of 1-3 were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR analysis. Compound 1 ...
Tao Zhimin - - 2009
We report different mesoporosity-dependent and functional group-dependent cytotoxicity and endocytosis of various silica nanomaterials on suspended and adherent cells. This dependency further varied with incubation time and particle dosage, and appeared to be associated with the particles' endocytotic efficiency and their chemical and physical properties. We studied two common mesoporous ...
Su??rez Al??rica I - - 2009
In the course of searching for bioactive compounds from Croton species from Venezuela, two seco-entkaurenes isolated from flowers of Croton caracasana were evaluated in vitro for their effect on cell viability by the standard MTT assay in nine human cancer cell lines of different origins and one primary culture. Both ...
Kaminska Bozena - - 2009
Malignant gliomas are highly resistant to current therapeutic approaches due to genetic alterations rendering them resistant to cell death. CK2, a ubiquitous and constitutively active serine/threonine kinase, frequently elevated in tumors, contributes to enhanced cell proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. Inhibition of CK2 expression or treatment with inhibitors of CK2 ...
Fujie Michio - - 2009
A novel phospha sugar analogue, 2,3-dibromo-3-methyl-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide (DBMPP), was prepared from 1-phenyl-3-methyl-2- phospholene 1-oxide and evaluated by in vitro MTT method forleukemia cells and microscopic observations forsolid tumor cells, e.g., stomach cancer cells. The evaluation revealed clearly that the synthesized phospha sugar analogue DBMPP has competent potentials and excellent anti-cancer ...
Vannini Ivan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate, at preclinical level, efflux pump modulation induced by lapatinib, a small-molecule dual inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), in HER2-negative or HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines (SkBr3 and BRC230). We also evaluated the cytotoxic activity and modulation of biomolecular cellular ...
Kuroda Minpei - - 2010
Five new pregnane tetraglycosides, amurensiosides A-E (1-5), two new pregnane hexaglycosides, amurensiosides F (6) and I (9), two new 18-norpregnane hexaglycosides, amurensiosides G (7) and H (8), and two new pregnane octaglycosides, amurensiosides J (10) and K (11), were isolated from the MeOH extract of the roots of Adonis amurensis. ...
Singh Rakesh K - - 2011
Coumarin derivative RKS262 belongs to a new class of potential anti-tumor agents. RKS262 was identified by structural optimization of Nifurtimox which is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials to treat high-risk neuroblastoma. In a NCI(60) cell-line assay RKS262 exhibited significant cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer cells and a variety of other ...
Nguyen Huu Tung - - 2010
Six dammarane-type saponins, including three new compounds, floralginsenosides Ta-Tc (1-3), and three known, floralginsenoside Td (4), ginsenoside F(1) (5), and ginsenoside F(5) (6), were isolated from the flower buds of Panax ginseng. Floralginsenoside Td (4) was first isolated from natural plant sources. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of ...
Di Grandi Martin J - - 2009
A novel series of pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines bearing a 3-hydroxyphenyl group at C(3) and substituted tropanes at C(7) have been identified as potent B-Raf inhibitors. Exploration of alternative functional groups as a replacement for the C(3) phenol demonstrated indazole to be an effective isostere. Several compounds possessing substituted indazole residues, such as ...
Rao Yerra Koteswara - - 2009
A series of 23 3',4',5'-trimethoxychalcone analogues was synthesized and their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS/IFN-gamma-treated macrophages, and tumor cell proliferation has been investigated. 4-Hydroxy-3,3',4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (7), 3,4-dihydroxy-3',4',5'-trimethoxychalcone (11), 3-hydroxy-3',4,4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (14), and 3,3',4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (15) were the most potent growth inhibitory agents on NO production, with an IC(50) value ...
Wang Yanyan - - 2010
Many processes in living cells have electrochemical characteristics that are suitable for measurement by potentiometric biosensors. Potentiometric biosensors allow non-invasive, real time monitoring of the extracellular environment changes by measuring the potential at cell/sensor interface. This can be used as an indicator for overall cell cytotoxicity. The present work employs ...
Martín-Navarro Carmen M - - 2010
Three different cell lines (murine macrophages, HeLa and osteosarcoma cells) were assayed in order to check for the manifestation of the cytopathic effects of three strains of Acanthamoeba recently isolated in our laboratory from contact lens cases: CLC-16, CLC-41.r and CLC-51-l. Adhesion and cytotoxicity assays were carried out with these ...
Priestley Catherine C - - 2010
Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is a well-established rodent kidney carcinogen and its oxidising activity is considered to be a significant factor in its mechanism of action. Although it has also been shown to be clearly genotoxic in a range of in vivo and in vitro test systems, surprisingly, it is not ...
Geys Jorina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reliable in vitro studies that generate consistent toxicity data on nanomaterials on a high-throughput scale will be of invaluable significance in the next few years. AIM: In this study, we checked the influence of several steps of the experimental design on the outcome: we investigated the role of cell ...
Chicca Andrea - - 2010
In the present study, a further investigation of the cytotoxic activity of an acetylenic constituent of Echinacea pallida roots, namely, pentadeca-(8 Z,13 Z)-dien-11-yn-2-one, was performed, revealing a concentration-dependent cytotoxicity on several human cancer cell lines, including leukemia (Jurkat and HL-60), breast carcinoma (MCF-7), and melanoma (MeWo) cells. As part of ...
Szurko Agnieszka - - 2009
Photosensitizers with desirable combinations of chemical, photophysical and biological properties are essential for improving the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) against various cancers. Chlorins seem to be promising candidates for photodynamic therapy (PDT) owing to their photophysical properties. This paper reports spectroscopic and biological properties of a novel synthetic chlorin ...
Hui Ivan Chun-Fai IC Liver Cancer and Hepatitis Research Laboratory, Department of Pathology, LKS Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, - - 2010
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which phosphorylates p70S6K and 4EBP1 and activates the protein translation process, is upregulated in cancers and its activation may be involved in cancer development. In this study, we investigated the tumour-suppressive effects of rapamycin and its new analogue CCI-779 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Rapamycin ...
Huang Dorothy Yu - - 2009
Microcystins are bioactive metabolites produced by cyanobacteria in water. These cyclic heptapeptides have caused public health concern worldwide. By interfering with cellular phosphorylation and signaling, microcystins can cause acute and chronic liver diseases. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set the provisional drinking water guideline value at 1.0 microg/L ...
Chen Lixia - - 2010
Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound, is the active component of Curcuma longa and has been extensively investigated as an anticancer drug that modulates multiple pathways. Eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs) have been known to play important roles in translation initiation, which controls cell growth and proliferation. Little is known about the effects ...
Zakharova Ol'ga A - - 2010
Four new n-butylamino and two sulfur-containing derivatives of polyfluoro-1,4-naphthoquinone were synthesized and their mutagenic and antioxidant properties in Salmonella cells, as well as the cytotoxicity in human myeloma (RPMI 8226), human mammary adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), mouse fibroblasts (LMTK) and primary mouse fibroblast cells (PMF) were studied. 2-n-Butylamino-3,5,6,7,8-pentafluoro-1,4-naphthoquinone (1) showed efficient inhibition ...
Hao Gangping - - 2010
Treatment of suspension cells of Ginkgo biloba with fungal endophytes resulted in accumulation of flavonoids, increased abscisic acid (ABA) production and activation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL). Fluridone, an inhibitor of ABA biosynthesis, was effective in inhibiting fungal endophytes-induced ABA biosynthesis, increase of PAL activity and flavonoids accumulation. Moreover, exogenous application ...
Costea Daniela Elena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The high incidence of oral cancer in Sudan has been associated with the use of toombak, the local type of smokeless tobacco. However, its specific effects on human oral cells are not known. We aimed to investigate the effects of toombak on primary normal human oral keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and ...
Umeyama Akemi - - 2010
A screening of 30 crude extracts of marine sponges against human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) yielded an EtOAc extract of the sponge Callyspongia sp. (Callyspongiidae) with significant activity. Further bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOAc extract led to the isolation of three polyacetylene metabolites: a new polyacetylene diol, callyspongidiol (1), along ...
Wielgus Albert R - - 2010
The water-soluble nanoparticle hydroxylated fullerene [fullerol, nano-C60(OH)(22-26)] has several clinical applications including use as a drug carrier to bypass the blood ocular barriers. We have previously found that fullerol is both cytotoxic and phototoxic to human lens epithelial cells (HLE B-3) and that the endogenous antioxidant lutein blocked some of ...
Zhou Yaping - - 2010
We use quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), 3-(4,5-dimethylthizaol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and fluorescence/optical microscopic inspections to investigate the cytotoxicity of paramagnetic selenium-ferroferric oxide (Se-Fe(3)O(4)) nanocomposites on human osteoblast-like MG-63 cells. The nearly spherical Se-Fe(3)O(4) nanocomposites of 40-50nm diameter, as characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), are synthesized through reduction of selenious ...
Draux Florence - - 2009
Identifying early cellular events in response to a chemotherapy drug treatment, in particular at low doses that will destroy the highest possible number of cancer cells, is an important issue in patient management. In this study, we employed Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy as a potential tool to access such information. ...
Feyerabend Frank - - 2010
Degradable magnesium alloys for biomedical application are on the verge of being used clinically. Rare earth elements (REEs) are used to improve the mechanical properties of the alloys, but in more or less undefined mixtures. For some elements of this group, data on toxicity and influence on cells are sparse. ...
Koulaouzidou Elisabeth A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To comparatively evaluate the effects of three dual activated adhesive resin cements on cell proliferation of rat pulp cells (RPC-C2A) and human lung fibroblasts (MRC5). METHODS: The cements tested were RelyX ARC, RelyX Unicem and Panavia F. The cements were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions and placed in contact ...
Feng Tao - - 2009
Eight new monoterpenoid indole alkaloids, alstoyunines A-H (1-8), along with 17 known analogues, were isolated from Alstonia yunnanensis. The structures of the new alkaloids were established by means of extensive spectroscopic methods. Alstoyunines C (3), E (5), and F (6) showed selective inhibition of Cox-2 (>75%). Alstoyunine F (6) showed ...
Lin Rong-Jyh - - 2009
Three new butanolides, tenuifolide A (1), isotenuifolide A (2), and tenuifolide B (3), a new secobutanolide, secotenuifolide A (4), and one new sesquiterpenoid, tenuifolin (5), along with 16 known compounds were isolated from the stems of Cinnamomum tenuifolium. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. Compound 4 was found to ...
Kmetic Ivana - - 2009
Lindane, a toxic insecticide from the persistent organic pollutants (POP's) group, may act as an endocrine disrupter affecting crucial tissues of reproductive system. In this study a Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line (CHO-K1) was applied to assess the potential of lindane cytotoxicity at the cellular level. The methods of Trypan ...
Ishihara Mariko - - 2009
We recently demonstrated that the cytotoxicity of nineteen 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives depends on the molecular size (surface area, volume, width measured at 3-dimensional configuration), but not on most of the other electronic factors (Ishihara et al., Anticancer Res 29: 2265-2272, 2009). However, the information regarding cytotoxicity and molecular size in these ...
Ning Xuanxuan - - 2009
Discovery and development of new pharmaceuticals from marine organisms are attracting increasing interest. Several agents derived from marine organisms are under preclinical and clinical evaluation as potential anti-cancer drugs. We extracted and purified a novel anti-tumor protein from the coelomic fluid of Meretrix meretrix Linnaeus by ammonium sulphate fractionation, ion ...
Lu Zhenyu - - 2009
Eight drimane sesquiterpenes (1-8), six isochromane derivatives (9-14), and three known compounds, daldinin B (15), 9alpha-hydroxy-6beta-[(2E,4E,6E)-octa-2,4,6-trienoyloxy]-5alpha-drim-7-en-11,12-olide (16), and pergillin (17), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus ustus 094102. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. The cytotoxic effects ...
Lawnicka H - - 2009
The resorcylic acid lactone L-783,277, isolated from a Phoma sp. (ATCC 74403), is a potent and specific inhibitor of MEK (Map kinase kinase) that exerts very interesting pharmacological activities including anti-neoplastic properties. However, the role of this compound in the regulation of endocrine-related cancer cell growth and tumor progression remains ...
Misiek Mathias - - 2009
We report on the structure elucidation of arnamial, a new Delta(2,4)-protoilludane everninate ester from the fungus Armillaria mellea, and on the apoptotic activity of arnamial as well as the cytotoxic activity of structurally related compounds on selected human cancer cells. Arnamial showed cytotoxicity against Jurkat T cells, MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma, ...
Nobre H?lio Vitoriano HV - - 2010
In this study, the cytoprotective effects of caffeine (CAF) and 8-(3-chlorostyryl)-caffeine (CSC), A(2A) receptor antagonists, were tested against 6-OHDA-induced cytotoxicity, in rat mesencephalic cells. Both drugs significantly increased the number of viable cells, after their exposure to 6-OHDA, as measured by the MTT assay. While nitrite levels in the cells ...
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