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Agliari Elena E Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di - - 2014
Scope of the present work is to infer the migratory ability of leukocytes by stochastic processes in order to distinguish the spontaneous organization of immune cells against an insult (namely cancer). For this purpose, spleen cells from immunodeficient mice, selectively lacking the transcription factor IRF-8 (IRF-8 knockout; IRF-8 KO), or ...
Singla Arvind K AK Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Caerulomycin A (CaeA) is a known antifungal and antibiotic agent. Further, CaeA is reported to induce the expansion of regulatory T cell and prolongs the survival of skin allografts in mouse model of transplantation. In the current study, CaeA was purified and characterized from a novel species of actinomycetes, Actinoalloteichus ...
Steers Nicholas J NJ United States Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland; Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, - - 2014
Proteasomes play an important role in cell homeostasis and in orchestrating the immune response by systematically degrading foreign proteins and misfolded or damaged host cell proteins. We describe a protocol to purify functionally active proteasomes from human CD4(+) T cells and dendritic cells derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The ...
Jain Reema R Molecular Genetics of Cancer Division and Immunology Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
The epithelial cells of the thymus govern the differentiation of hematopoietic precursors into T cells, which are critical for acquired immunity. Thymic epithelial cells (TEC) provide molecular cues that direct precursor recruitment, commitment to the T cell lineage, thymocyte proliferation, and the processes of positive and negative selection. Despite the ...
Makino Yoshinori Y Laboratory of Pathology and Development, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo Tokyo, Japan ; Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Scientists, Center for the Promotion of Interdisciplinary Education and Research, Kyoto University Kyoto, - - 2014
In vivo fluorescent imaging technique is a strong tool to visualize the various cellular events such as the proliferation, differentiation, migration, and a lineage tracing in living cells requiring no further experimental procedure such as immunostaining. During spermatogenesis, unique and dynamic histone exchanges occur. Since the timing and types of ...
Zhang Bin B Exosome and Secreted Nano-vesicle Group, ASTAR Institute of Medical Biology , - - 2014
Extracellular vesicle or EV is a term that encompasses all classes of secreted lipid membrane vesicles. Despite being scientific novelties, EVs are gaining importance as a mediator of important physiological and pathological intercellular activities possibly through the transfer of their cargo of protein and RNA between cells. In particular, exosomes, ...
Mori Yuki Y 1] Biofunctional Imaging, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center (WPI IFReC), Osaka University, 3-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan [2] Center for Information and Neural Networks (CiNet), National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) and Osaka University, 1-4 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2014
Recent studies have demonstrated that immune cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of many neurological conditions. Immune cells constantly survey the brain microvasculature for irregularities in levels of factors that signal homeostasis. Immune responses are initiated when necessary, resulting in mobilisation of the microglial cells resident in the ...
Asano Krisana K Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, - - 2014
Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), a superantigen produced from Staphylococcus aureus, has been reported to bind directly to unknown receptor(s) and penetrate into non-immune cells but its function is unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that recombinant TSST-1 suppresses autophagosomal accumulation in the autophagic-induced HeLa 229 cells. This suppression is ...
Scheper Wouter W Laboratory of Translational Immunology, Department of Hematology, University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , - - 2014
The broad and potent tumor-reactivity of innate-like γδT cells makes them valuable additions to current cancer immunotherapeutic concepts based on adaptive immunity, such as monoclonal antibodies and αβT cells. However, clinical success using γδT cells to treat cancer has so far fallen short. Efforts of recent years have revealed a ...
Harder Thomas T Institute for Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Leipziger Straße 44, Magdeburg, D 39120, Germany. - - 2014
TGFβ1 (Transforming Growth Factor-beta1) is a versatile regulator of T cell immune responses. Depending on its context in the immunological environment, TGFβ1 guides T cells toward specific activation programs including TH17 and regulatory T cell activities. Moreover, TGFβ signals function in immune homeostasis by directly attenuating T cell effector activities. ...
Maganti Aarthi A a Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology; Indiana University School of Medicine; Indianapolis, IN - - 2014
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is characterized by the immune mediated destruction of β cells. Clinical studies have focused on drug therapies to modulate autoimmunity, yet none of these interventions has resulted in durable preservation of β-cell function. These findings raise the possibility that initiating or propagating events outside of the ...
Morgan Richard A RA NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF - - 2013
In this issue of Blood, Casucci et al present an elegant study that describes a potential new target for adoptive cell transfer (ACT), in this case CD44 splice variant 6 (CD44v6), and detail why it may be a good target for ACT and how to manage expected off-tumor/on-target toxicities.
Park Ki E KE University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Rd. Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2013
The cardiovascular cell therapy network was developed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to design and conduct clinical trials to advance the field of cardiovascular (CV) cell-based therapy. The Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Network successfully completed three clinical trials involving approximately 300 subjects across five centers and six satellites. ...
Huang Chenyu - - 2013
It has long been thought that the effectiveness and efficiency of physical therapy would improve if our understanding of the cell biology/biochemistry that participates in mechanics could be improved. Traditional physical therapy focuses primarily on rehabilitation, but recent developments in mechanobiology that illuminated the effects of physical forces on cells ...
Jacob M M Wistar Institute, 3601 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Tissue remodeling is critical during development and wound healing. It also characterizes a number of pathologic conditions, including chronic inflammation, fibrosis and cancer. It is well appreciated that reactive stromal cells play critical roles in these settings. However, understanding of the mechanisms involved in the differentiation of reactive stromal cells ...
Spence Heather J HJ The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Rd., Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, - - 2012
The Scar (suppressor of cAMP receptor)/WAVE [WASP (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein) verprolin homologous] complex plays a major role in the motility of cells by activating the Arp2/3 complex, which initiates actin branching and drives protrusions. Mammals have three Scar/WAVE isoforms, which show some tissue-specific expression, but their functions have not been ...
Pajoohesh-Ganji Ahdeah - - 2012
Goblet cells are terminally differentiated cells secreting mucins and antibacterial peptides that play an important role in maintaining the health of the cornea. In corneal stem cell deficiency, the progenitor cells giving rise to goblet cells on the cornea are presumed to arise from differentiation of cells that migrate onto ...
Wang Lei-Lei - - 2012
Inflammation plays important roles in the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR). How Müller cells contribute to DR-related inflammation remains unclear. We hypothesized that under diabetic conditions, elevated histone acetylations in Müller cells contribute to the inflammatory response. In this study, significantly increased histone acetylations, elevated histone acetyltranferases levels, and decreased ...
Nedosekin Dmitry A - - 2012
In vivo photoacoustic (PA) and fluorescence flow cytometry were previously applied separately using pulsed and continuous wave lasers respectively, and positive contrast detection mode only. This paper introduces a real-time integration of both techniques with positive and negative contrast modes using only pulsed lasers. Various applications of this new tool ...
Hu Wenqi - - 2012
A novel hydrogel microrobot made of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) is reported. This disk-shaped microrobot is optothermally actuated by laser-induced bubbles. A pulsed laser is used to smoothly actuate an 80-μm-diameter bubble microrobot at up to 320 μm s(-1). A single microrobot or a pair of microrobots working in cooperation ...
Witherden Deborah A - - 2012
γδ T cells respond rapidly to keratinocyte damage, providing essential contributions to the skin wound healing process. The molecular interactions regulating their response are unknown. Here, we identify a role for interaction of plexin B2 with the CD100 receptor in epithelial repair. In vitro blocking of plexin B2 or CD100 inhibited γδ ...
Pakhomova Olga N - - 2012
Nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) is a novel modality for permeabilization of membranous structures and intracellular delivery of xenobiotics. We hypothesized that oxidative effects of nsPEF could be a separate primary mechanism responsible for bioeffects. ROS production in cultured cells and media exposed to 300-ns PEF (1-13 kV/cm) was assessed ...
Turner William S - - 2012
The packaging and delivery of cells for cardiac regeneration has been explored using a variety biomaterials and delivery methods, but these studies often ignore one or more important design factors critical for rebuilding cardiac tissue. These include the biomaterial architecture, strength and stiffness, cell alignment, and/or incorporation of multiple cell ...
Schlie Sabrina - - 2012
Topographical cues have a significant impact on cell responses and by this means, on the fabrication of innovative implant materials. However, analysis of cell-topography interactions in dependence of the surface feature dimensions is still challenging due to limitations in the fabrication technology. Here, we introduce surface structuring via picosecond laser ...
Karnas Diana - - 2012
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGCs) types can be distinguished by their dendritic tree stratification and intensity of melanopsin staining. We identified heavily stained melanopsin positive M1 cells branching in the outermost part of the inner plexiform layer (IPL) and weakly melanopsin positive M2 cells branching in the innermost layer ...
Cruz de Carvalho Ricardo - - 2012
Background and AimsThe aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica requires a slow rate of dehydration to survive a desiccation event. The present work examined whether differences in the dehydration rate resulted in corresponding differences in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and therefore in the amount of cell damage.MethodsIntracellular ROS production ...
Bragheri F - - 2012
The main trend in optofluidics is currently towards full integration of the devices, thus improving automation, compactness and portability. In this respect femtosecond laser microfabrication is a very powerful technology given its capability of producing both optical waveguides and microfluidic channels. The current challenge in biology is the possibility to ...
Emes Yusuf - - 2012
To compare the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on osteoblast cells in a cell culture model. Fifty thousand neonatal rat calvarial osteoblast-like cells per milliliter were seeded and 0.06 mT PEMF, 0.2 mT PEMF, and LLLT at 808 nm were applied for 24 and 96 h on the ...
Joshi Sagar D - - 2012
Sheets of embryonic epithelial cells coordinate their efforts to create diverse tissue structures such as pits, grooves, tubes, and capsules that lead to organ formation. Such cells can use a number of cell behaviors including contractility, proliferation, and directed movement to create these structures. By contrast, tissue engineers and researchers ...
Leopold Philip L - - 2012
Wound healing and cancer metastasis share a common starting point, namely, a change in the phenotype of some cells from stationary to motile. The term, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes the changes in molecular biology and cellular physiology that allow a cell to transition from a sedentary cell to a motile ...
Lin Hsin-Yu - - 2012
Small molecule BODIPY dyes incorporating conjugated substituents at the β sites have been synthesized. Solution processed inverted bulk heterojunction cells were fabricated from the blends of the dyes and PC(71)BM. The cells exhibited very high open-circuit voltages (>0.9 V) and a high conversion efficiency of 3.22% has been achieved.
Schlingmann Barbara - - 2012
Connexin46 (Cx46), together with Cx50, forms gap junction channels between lens fibers and participates in the lens pump-leak system, which is essential for the homeostasis of this avascular organ. Mutations in Cx50 and Cx46 correlate with cataracts, but the functional relationship between the mutations and cataract formation is not always ...
Kopsachilis Nikolaos - - 2012
To investigate if human anterior lens capsule is a suitable substrate for the culture of primary human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. Trabecular meshwork cells derived from four human donors were seeded on anterior lens capsules that were prepared from the lenses of donor eyes. Cell morphology and viability were examined ...
Zhu Wei - - 2012
The capacity for tissue and organ regeneration in humans is dwarfed by comparison to that of salamanders. Emerging evidence suggests that mechanisms learned from the early phase of salamander limb regeneration-wound healing, cellular dedifferentiation and blastemal formation-will reveal therapeutic approaches for tissue regeneration in humans. Here we describe a unique ...
Doughty Michael J - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to assess the morphological features of cells stained with rose Bengal along the human eyelid marginal zone (Marx's line). METHODS: Impression cytology (IC) specimens were taken using a Millicell-CM filter unit placed across Marx's line of the lower eyelid of 10 healthy male ...
Shan Zhanhai - - 2012
Gadd45a, the first well-defined p53 downstream gene, can be induced by multiple DNA-damaging agents, which plays important roles in the control of cell cycle checkpoint, DNA repair process and signaling transduction. Our previous findings suggested that Gadd45a maintains cell-cell adhesion and cell contact inhibition. However, little is known about how ...
Whitney Jon R - - 2012
Aim: Nanoparticle-enhanced photothermal therapy is a promising alternative to tumor resection. However, quantitative measurements of cellular response to these treatments are limited. This article introduces a Bimodal Enhanced Analysis of Spatiotemporal Temperature (BEAST) algorithm to rapidly determine the viability of cancer cells in vitro following photothermal therapy alone or in ...
Hasirci Vasif - - 2012
Aim: This article reports on studies conducted in the same laboratory on interactions between patterned substrates with different pattern dimensions and chemistries, and various types of cells. Materials & methods: In order to compare the influence of various parameters, bone marrow stromal cells, retinal pigment epithelial cells, human corneal stromal ...
Wikström Jonna - - 2012
Encapsulated human retinal pigment epithelial cell line ARPE-19 has been successfully used in experimental cell therapy of retinal degenerations and Parkinson's disease, but the long-term storage of encapsulated cells is still an unresolved question. Reconstitution of viable encapsulated cells from dry form would benefit the development of cell therapy products. ...
Lee Se-Jung - - 2012
Although interleukin-28A (IL-28A) is believed to have an antiviral effect, its role in tumor migration requires further examination. The present study was intended to verify the effect of IL-28A on the migration of UMUC-3 bladder cancer cells. IL-28A and its receptor IL-28AR1 mRNA were detected in UMUC-3 cells. Although exogenous ...
Doyle Wayne - - 2012
The popularity and prevalence of the energy beverages make it essential to examine the interactions between the ingredients and their effects on safety of these beverages. In this study, we used in vitro assays to examine the effects of two energy beverages on mesenchymal, epithelial and neuronal cells. Our results ...
Dumas Virginie - - 2012
The femtosecond laser processing enabled the structuring of six types of surfaces on titanium-6aluminium-4vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) plates. The obtained hierarchical features consisted of a combination of microgrooves and oriented nanostructures. By adjusting beam properties such as laser polarization, the width of the microgrooves (20 or 60 μm) and the orientation of ...
Akram K M - - 2012
Clara cells participate in bronchiolar wound repair and regeneration. Located in the bronchioles they become activated during alveolar injury in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and migrate into the affected alveoli - a process called alveolar bronchiolisation. The purpose of this migration and their role in alveolar wound repair is controversial. ...
Takagi Ryo - - 2012
Mouse 3T3 feeder layer has been utilized for epidermal and corneal epithelial cell culture to promote tissue-like cell stratification. However, the molecular mechanism underlying epithelial-feeder layer interactions remains poorly understood. Here, the feeder layer activity of six different mouse cell lines were examined in terms of the colony forming efficiency ...
Kuo Chien-Neng - - 2012
Bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody, binds vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibits its interaction with receptors found on endothelial cells. Bevacizumab has been increasingly used as an off-label treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Whether or not bevacizumab is capable of arresting the growth of human retinal ...
Campetelli Alexis A Institut Curie, UMR 144 CNRS/IC, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris Cedex 05, - - 2012
Cell polarity plays a key role in regulating cell-cell communication, tissue architecture, and development. Both internal and external cues participate in directing polarity and feedback onto each other for robust polarization. One poorly appreciated layer of polarity regulation comes from electrochemical signals spatially organized at the level of the cell ...
Chen Peng - - 2012
PURPOSE: This paper aimed to determine the involvement of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) in experimental murine corneal neovascularization (NV), and to study the effect of NHERF1 on the biological properties of HUVEC and related mechanisms. METHODS: Using loss- and gain-function, we investigated the biological effects of NHERF1 on ...
Yoo Jae-Keun - - 2012
We demonstrate a measurement apparatus to inspect spatial uniformity of quantum efficiency of solar cells using a beam projector. Deviation of irradiance from the used beam projector over the area of 1.5×0.8  m on the cell plane was flattened within ±2.6% through gray scale adjustment, which was originally about 200%. Scanning ...
Freire Vanesa - - 2012
Purpose: To compare the effects of three blood derivatives (Autologous Serum, AS; Platelet-Rich Plasma, PRP and serum derived from Plasma Rich in Growth Factors, PRGF) on a human corneal epithelial (HCE) cell line, in order to evaluate their potential as an effective treatment for corneal epithelial disorders.Methods: The concentrations of ...
Liu Wenjia - - 2012
Purpose: The photosensitive polyimide film, Durimide, is a common component of retinal prostheses; however, retinal cell response to Durimide has not been effectively studied This work assessed the in vitro biocompatibility of a retinal prosthesis containing platinum-electrode embedded Durimide film. Materials and methods: Biocompatibility evaluation assessed cytotoxicity, attachment, and proliferation ...
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