Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2897
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Leopold Philip L - - 2012
Wound healing and cancer metastasis share a common starting point, namely, a change in the phenotype of some cells from stationary to motile. The term, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes the changes in molecular biology and cellular physiology that allow a cell to transition from a sedentary cell to a motile ...
Lin Hsin-Yu - - 2012
Small molecule BODIPY dyes incorporating conjugated substituents at the β sites have been synthesized. Solution processed inverted bulk heterojunction cells were fabricated from the blends of the dyes and PC(71)BM. The cells exhibited very high open-circuit voltages (>0.9 V) and a high conversion efficiency of 3.22% has been achieved.
Schlingmann Barbara - - 2012
Connexin46 (Cx46), together with Cx50, forms gap junction channels between lens fibers and participates in the lens pump-leak system, which is essential for the homeostasis of this avascular organ. Mutations in Cx50 and Cx46 correlate with cataracts, but the functional relationship between the mutations and cataract formation is not always ...
Kopsachilis Nikolaos - - 2012
To investigate if human anterior lens capsule is a suitable substrate for the culture of primary human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. Trabecular meshwork cells derived from four human donors were seeded on anterior lens capsules that were prepared from the lenses of donor eyes. Cell morphology and viability were examined ...
Zhu Wei - - 2012
The capacity for tissue and organ regeneration in humans is dwarfed by comparison to that of salamanders. Emerging evidence suggests that mechanisms learned from the early phase of salamander limb regeneration-wound healing, cellular dedifferentiation and blastemal formation-will reveal therapeutic approaches for tissue regeneration in humans. Here we describe a unique ...
Doughty Michael J - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to assess the morphological features of cells stained with rose Bengal along the human eyelid marginal zone (Marx's line). METHODS: Impression cytology (IC) specimens were taken using a Millicell-CM filter unit placed across Marx's line of the lower eyelid of 10 healthy male ...
Shan Zhanhai - - 2012
Gadd45a, the first well-defined p53 downstream gene, can be induced by multiple DNA-damaging agents, which plays important roles in the control of cell cycle checkpoint, DNA repair process and signaling transduction. Our previous findings suggested that Gadd45a maintains cell-cell adhesion and cell contact inhibition. However, little is known about how ...
Whitney Jon R - - 2012
Aim: Nanoparticle-enhanced photothermal therapy is a promising alternative to tumor resection. However, quantitative measurements of cellular response to these treatments are limited. This article introduces a Bimodal Enhanced Analysis of Spatiotemporal Temperature (BEAST) algorithm to rapidly determine the viability of cancer cells in vitro following photothermal therapy alone or in ...
Hasirci Vasif - - 2012
Aim: This article reports on studies conducted in the same laboratory on interactions between patterned substrates with different pattern dimensions and chemistries, and various types of cells. Materials & methods: In order to compare the influence of various parameters, bone marrow stromal cells, retinal pigment epithelial cells, human corneal stromal ...
Wikström Jonna - - 2012
Encapsulated human retinal pigment epithelial cell line ARPE-19 has been successfully used in experimental cell therapy of retinal degenerations and Parkinson's disease, but the long-term storage of encapsulated cells is still an unresolved question. Reconstitution of viable encapsulated cells from dry form would benefit the development of cell therapy products. ...
Lee Se-Jung - - 2012
Although interleukin-28A (IL-28A) is believed to have an antiviral effect, its role in tumor migration requires further examination. The present study was intended to verify the effect of IL-28A on the migration of UMUC-3 bladder cancer cells. IL-28A and its receptor IL-28AR1 mRNA were detected in UMUC-3 cells. Although exogenous ...
Doyle Wayne - - 2012
The popularity and prevalence of the energy beverages make it essential to examine the interactions between the ingredients and their effects on safety of these beverages. In this study, we used in vitro assays to examine the effects of two energy beverages on mesenchymal, epithelial and neuronal cells. Our results ...
Dumas Virginie - - 2012
The femtosecond laser processing enabled the structuring of six types of surfaces on titanium-6aluminium-4vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) plates. The obtained hierarchical features consisted of a combination of microgrooves and oriented nanostructures. By adjusting beam properties such as laser polarization, the width of the microgrooves (20 or 60 μm) and the orientation of ...
Akram K M - - 2012
Clara cells participate in bronchiolar wound repair and regeneration. Located in the bronchioles they become activated during alveolar injury in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and migrate into the affected alveoli - a process called alveolar bronchiolisation. The purpose of this migration and their role in alveolar wound repair is controversial. ...
Takagi Ryo - - 2012
Mouse 3T3 feeder layer has been utilized for epidermal and corneal epithelial cell culture to promote tissue-like cell stratification. However, the molecular mechanism underlying epithelial-feeder layer interactions remains poorly understood. Here, the feeder layer activity of six different mouse cell lines were examined in terms of the colony forming efficiency ...
Kuo Chien-Neng - - 2012
Bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody, binds vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibits its interaction with receptors found on endothelial cells. Bevacizumab has been increasingly used as an off-label treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Whether or not bevacizumab is capable of arresting the growth of human retinal ...
Campetelli Alexis A Institut Curie, UMR 144 CNRS/IC, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris Cedex 05, - - 2012
Cell polarity plays a key role in regulating cell-cell communication, tissue architecture, and development. Both internal and external cues participate in directing polarity and feedback onto each other for robust polarization. One poorly appreciated layer of polarity regulation comes from electrochemical signals spatially organized at the level of the cell ...
Chen Peng - - 2012
PURPOSE: This paper aimed to determine the involvement of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) in experimental murine corneal neovascularization (NV), and to study the effect of NHERF1 on the biological properties of HUVEC and related mechanisms. METHODS: Using loss- and gain-function, we investigated the biological effects of NHERF1 on ...
Yoo Jae-Keun - - 2012
We demonstrate a measurement apparatus to inspect spatial uniformity of quantum efficiency of solar cells using a beam projector. Deviation of irradiance from the used beam projector over the area of 1.5×0.8  m on the cell plane was flattened within ±2.6% through gray scale adjustment, which was originally about 200%. Scanning ...
Freire Vanesa - - 2012
Purpose: To compare the effects of three blood derivatives (Autologous Serum, AS; Platelet-Rich Plasma, PRP and serum derived from Plasma Rich in Growth Factors, PRGF) on a human corneal epithelial (HCE) cell line, in order to evaluate their potential as an effective treatment for corneal epithelial disorders.Methods: The concentrations of ...
Liu Wenjia - - 2012
Purpose: The photosensitive polyimide film, Durimide, is a common component of retinal prostheses; however, retinal cell response to Durimide has not been effectively studied This work assessed the in vitro biocompatibility of a retinal prosthesis containing platinum-electrode embedded Durimide film. Materials and methods: Biocompatibility evaluation assessed cytotoxicity, attachment, and proliferation ...
Gagnon Kenneth B - - 2012
Cell motility is dependent on a coordinated reorganization of the cytoskeleton, membrane recycling, and focal adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Each of these cellular processes involves re-distribution of cell water, which is facilitated by the transport of inorganic ions (with obligatory water movement). Scratch-wound healing assays of Wistar C6 glioblastoma ...
Wang Xiaokun - - 2012
Ceramic-derived materials have shown enhanced osteogenic potential for bone tissue engineering applications. Silica is the major component of bioglass, and titania, the oxide complex of titanium, has been found to enhance osteoblast differentiation. In this study, three groups of sol-gel-derived silica-titania fibrous meshes with precursor ratios of Ti:Si = 7:3, ...
Ramaesh T - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secreted by corneal epithelial cells has a role in the remodelling of extracellular matrix and migration of epithelial cells. Elevated levels of MMP-9 activity in the ocular surface may be involved in the pathogenesis of corneal diseases. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been used to treat corneal diseases, including ...
Bertseva E - - 2012
We present the microrheological study of the two close human epithelial cell lines: non-cancerous HCV29 and cancerous T24. The optical tweezers tracking was applied to extract the several seconds long trajectories of endogenous lipid granules at time step of 1μs. They were analyzed using a recently proposed equation for mean ...
Watson Alastair J M - - 2012
Although epithelial cells are continuously shed from the surface of the intestine, the intestinal epithelium maintains the integrity of the epithelial barrier. This is achieved through a highly dynamic process involving reorganization of tight junction and adherens junction proteins. This process both ejects the cell from the epithelial monolayer and ...
Favicchio Rosy - - 2012
Detection of multiple fluorophores in conditions of low signal represents a limiting factor for the application of in vivo optical imaging techniques in immunology where fluorescent labels report for different functional characteristics. A noninvasive in vivo Multi-Spectral Normalized Epifluorescence Laser scanning (M-SNELS) method was developed for the simultaneous and quantitative ...
Julio Gemma - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To establish the main indicator of progressive corneal exposure to dry eye conditions in an animal model. METHODS.: Cell surface covered by microvilli (SCM), intercellular junctions (IJs), cell area, cell shape, and cell shade were measured in 988 epithelial corneal cells from rabbit eyes that were kept open for ...
Paszek Matthew J - - 2012
Emerging questions in cell biology necessitate nanoscale imaging in live cells. Here we present scanning angle interference microscopy, which is capable of localizing fluorescent objects with nanoscale precision along the optical axis in motile cellular structures. We use this approach to resolve nanotopographical features of the cell membrane and cytoskeleton ...
Ahn Mee Young - - 2012
J Oral Pathol Med (2012) Background:  Pheophorbide a (Pa) is a chlorine-based photosensitizer derived from an ethnopharmacological herb, and our group recently synthesized Pa by the removal of a magnesium ion and a phytyl group from chlorophyll-a. In this study, the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with synthesized Pa was ...
Sugiura Kana - - 2012
1) Fluorescence spectrum at 298 and 40 K and absorption spectrum at 298 K of each cyanobacterial cell was measured by the single-cell confocal laser spectroscopy to study differentiation of cell pigments. 2) Fluorescence spectra of vegetative ( veg) and heterocyst ( het) cells of a filamentous cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. ...
Takagi Mutsumi - - 2012
Time-lapse analysis of phase shift using phase-shifting laser microscopy (PLM) revealed that the laser phase shifts of primary normal human prostate epithelial cells (PRECs) and human prostatic carcinoma epithelial cell line (PC-3) cells during the mitotic phase were markedly higher than those in the interphase. The phase shift of PC-3 ...
Li Wen-Bo - - 2012
PURPOSE. To investigate the potential of human parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells (hPESCs) to differentiate into retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, and identify development-regulating microRNAs (miRNAs).METHODS. RPE cells were derived from hPESCs. The expression of markers and miRNA expression profiles during differentiation were studied by immunocytochemistry, real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), ...
Hovakimyan Marine - - 2012
Purpose: Trehalose has been shown to protect epithelial cells from desiccation damage in cell culture and the murine dry eye model. The present study evaluates the protective role of trehalose in reconstructed human corneal epithelium (3D-HCE) during desiccation. Material and methods: The morphology of 3D-HCE was examined using in vivo ...
Chan Leo L - - 2012
The ability to accurately measure cell viability is important for any cell-based research. Traditionally, viability measurements have been performed using trypan blue exclusion method on hemacytometer, which allowed researchers to visually distinguish viable from nonviable cells. However, the trypan blue method is often limited to only cell lines or primary ...
Daschner R - - 2012
We demonstrate the use of electrically contacted vapor cells to switch the transmission of a probe laser. The excitation scheme makes use of electromagnetically induced transparency involving a Rydberg state. The cell fabrication technique involves thin-film-based electric feedthroughs, which are well suited for scaling this concept to many addressable pixels ...
Bassett Erin A - - 2012
The vertebrate retina is a well-characterized and tractable model for studying neurogenesis. Retinal neurons and glia are generated in a conserved sequence from a pool of multipotent progenitor cells, and numerous cell fate determinants for the different classes of retinal cell types have been identified. Here, we summarize several recent ...
Ebenezer Vinitha - - 2012
Power plants employ chlorination for controlling biofouling in the cooling water system. Phytoplankton drawn into the cooling water system could be impacted by chemical stress induced by the oxidizing biocide. It is likely that microalgae, being sensitive to chlorine, could suffer damage to their cellular structure and function. In this ...
Mittal Anupama - - 2012
In the present study, porous PLGA microparticulate scaffolds (PMS_P), surface-hydrolysed scaffolds (PMS_Hyd) and cytomodulin-coupled scaffolds (PMS_CM) were prepared and characterized. After coupling the particles with cytomodulin, the size was reduced from 334 µm (span 0.53) to 278 µm due to hydrolysis, and contact angle also decreased from 70.87 ± 8.56 to 31.43 ± 7.43, indicating an ...
Lawrence Brian D - - 2012
Silk fibroin films are a promising class of biomaterials that have a number of advantages for use in ophthalmic applications due to their transparent nature, mechanical properties and minimal inflammatory response upon implantation. Freestanding silk films with parallel line and concentric ring topographies were generated for in vitro characterization of ...
Yoshiba Nagako - - 2012
Recent studies have employed two markers, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and STRO-1, to detect cells with mesenchymal stem cell properties in dental pulp. The present study aimed to explore the expression profile of α-SMA and STRO-1 in intact dental pulp as well as during wound healing in adult dental pulp ...
Feng Yun Y School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, United - - 2012
Corneal tissue engineering has improved dramatically over recent years. It is now possible to apply these technological advancements to the development of superior in vitro ocular surface models to reduce animal testing. We aim to show the effect different substrates can have on the viability of expanded corneal epithelial cells ...
Chen Y - - 2012
Purpose: To study the dose enhancement of golden nanoparticles on a voxellized cell phantom irradiated by proton beam. Methods: A Monte Carlo application was constructed with GEANT4 version 9.4 using various physics processes. A water cube of 5 mm × 5 mm × 5 mm consisting of a realistic human ...
Matthews Q - - 2012
Purpose: To use single-cell Raman spectroscopy (RS) and principal component analysis (PCA) for early treatment monitoring of radiation response. Methods: Two human tumour cell lines, one known to be radioresistant (H460, SF2 = 0.64) and one radiosensitive (LNCaP, SF2 = 0.27), were treated with daily 2 Gy fractions of 6 ...
Thorsrud Andreas - - 2012
To assess the hypothesis that during corneal crosslinking (CXL) treatment, riboflavin and ultraviolet-A (UVA) may have a toxic effect on human limbal epithelial cells. Center for Eye Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway. Experimental study. In this vitro study, limbal biopsies from corneoscleral rims collected after ...
Sweeney Sean T - - 2012
The selective removal of cells by ablation is a powerful tool in the study of eukaryotic developmental biology, providing much information about their origin, fate, or function in the developing organism. In Drosophila, three main methods have been used to ablate cells: chemical, genetic, and laser ablation. Each method has ...
Demidova Elizaveta V - - 2012
Studies of the impact of terahertz radiation on living objects present a significant interest since its use for security systems is currently considered promising. We studied the non-thermal impact of terahertz radiation on E. coli/pKatG-gfp biosensor cells. The Novosibirsk free electron laser (NovoFEL), which currently has the world's highest average ...
Ferreira Sílvia A - - 2012
Amphiphilic mannan, produced by the Michael addition of hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol to vinyl methacrylated mannan, self-assembles in aqueous medium through hydrophobic interactions among alkyl chains. Resultant nanogel is stable, spherical, polydisperse, with 50-140 nm mean hydrodynamic diameter depending on the polymer degree of substitution, and nearly neutral negative surface charge. No ...
Sweeney Sean T - - 2012
Cell ablation is a powerful tool in the study of eukaryotic developmental biology. The selective removal of cells by ablation may provide much information about their origin, fate, or function in the developing organism. Laser-based techniques have an advantage over genetic or chemical ablation methods in that the operations can ...
Liu Chin-Yi - - 2012
Solution-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells from silicon nanocrystals (Si NCs) and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) have shown promising power conversion efficiencies. Here we report on an attempt to enhance the performance of Si NC-polymer hybrid solar cells by using poly[2-methoxy-5-(3',7'-dimethyloctyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MDMO-PPV) as a hole conductor, which is expected to yield a higher ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >