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Morabito Caterina - - 2010
Background/Aims. The purpose of this study was to provide information about the in vitro neuritogenesis during cell exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) of different intensities and durations using pheochromocytoma-derived cell line (PC12 cells) as neuronal model. Methods. Proliferative rates and neuritogenesis were tested by colorimetric assay and ...
Ciofani Gianni - - 2010
The explosive growth of nanotechnology in the last years has led to dramatic innovations in pharmacology, and it is revolutioning the development of biologically active compounds. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are widely explored for biomedical applications such as intracellular transporters for (bio)molecules, and represent promising future tools for efficient and safe ...
Dushimirimana S - - 2010
Schistocera gregaria (Forsk.) (Orthoptera, Acrididae) remains a major insect pest in Africa, more particularly in the Sahelian zone. Present control methods are only partially efficient. In a previous study, we tested the potentiality of a sterile insect technique (SIT). Males of S. gregaria appeared to be much radiosensitive as already ...
Ponte-Sucre Alicia - - 2010
Naphthylisoquinoline alkaloids equipped with a N,C-hetero-'biaryl' axis, and, in particular, simplified synthetic analogues thereof, kill intracellular Leishmania major at concentrations in the low submicromolar range, while being significantly less toxic to their major host cell, the macrophage, at the same concentrations. To further investigate their mechanism of action we evaluated ...
Sato Nodoka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme involved in the production of prostaglandins and its inhibitors have been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. We reasoned that combination treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells with COX-2 inhibitors and anticancer agents may result in synergistic apoptosis. ...
Suyama Hisashi - - 2010
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is characterized by autocrine mechanisms. Stem cell factor (SCF) and its receptor c-kit can activate Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) pathways. Imatinib mesylate (STI571) can inhibit c-kit tyrosine kinase activity, but clinical trials have resulted in failure. We investigated the possibility of SCF/c-kit-targeted therapy ...
Molinari G - - 2010
Abamectin and Ivermectin are 2 closely related members of the Avermectin family of 16-membered macrocyclic lactones derived from the actinomycete Streptomyces avermectinius which exhibit extraordinary anthelmintic activity. They are used worldwide in veterinary and human medicine as well as in agriculture. In the present review we summarized the results published ...
Wiegand C - - 2010
The cationic polysaccharide chitosan possesses bioactive properties such as antimicrobial activity, antitumor effects, hemostatic assets and positive effects on wound healing. The influence of polycations like chitosan on human cells has been reported to depend on their molecular weight. However, the mechanism of cytotoxicity caused by polycations is not yet ...
Kim Jin Sik - - 2010
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) possess beneficial physicochemical and mechanical properties; however, despite these advantages there are concerns regarding the adverse effects of CNT on lung and development of diseases, such as lung cancer and mesothelioma. According to fiber characteristics of length and diameter (aspect ratio), fibers with high aspect ratio (10-15 ...
Senft Christian - - 2010
New drugs are constantly sought after to improve the survival of patients with malignant gliomas. The ideal substance would selectively target tumor cells without eliciting toxic side effects. Here, we report on the anti-proliferative, anti-migratory, and anti-invasive properties of the natural, nontoxic compound Curcumin observed in five human glioblastoma (GBM) ...
Yanagisawa Makoto - - 2010
AD (Alzheimer's disease) is a neurodegenerative disease and the most common form of dementia. One of the pathological hallmarks of AD is the aggregation of extracellular Aβs (amyloid β-peptides) in senile plaques in the brain. The process could be initiated by seeding provided by an interaction between G(M1) ganglioside and ...
Kelly Sarah E - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered a subset of the bulk tumor responsible for initiating and maintaining the disease. Several surface cellular markers have been recently used to identify CSCs. Among those is CD133, which is expressed by hematopoietic progenitor cells as well as embryonic stem cells and various cancers. ...
Patlolla Anita - - 2010
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) have won enormous popularity in nanotechnology. Due to their unusual, one dimensional, hollow nanostructure and unique physicochemical properties they are highly desirable for use within the commercial, environmental and medical sectors. Despite their wide application, little information is known concerning their impact on human health and ...
Ayaki Masahiko - - 2010
This study evaluated the cytotoxicity of five prostaglandin analog ophthalmic solutions on four ocular surface cell lines, ie, Chang (human conjunctiva), SIRC (rabbit cornea), RC-1 (rabbit cornea), and BCE C/D-1b (bovine cornea). Cell viability was measured by neutral red and MTT assays in cells treated for 10, 30, or 60 ...
Cheng Yu-Wen - - 2010
To investigate the mechanism of proliferation effect induced by (R,R)-XY-10 and (S,S)-XY-10 on retinal pigmented epithelial cells (ARPE-19). Human retinal pigmented epithelial cells (ARPE-19) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were used to investigate the effect of (R,R)-XY-10 and (S,S)-XY-10 on cell growth, and their mechanisms of proliferative action ...
Hu Kefei - - 2010
Saponin fractions of Quillaja saponaria Molina (QS) have cytotoxic activity against cancer cells in vitro, but are too toxic to be useful in the clinic. The toxic effect was abolished by converting QS fractions into stable nanoparticles through the binding of QS to cholesterol. Two fractions of QS were selected ...
Ferrandino I - - 2010
We analyzed the effect of cadmium on corticotropic (ACTH) and prolactin (PRL) cells in the pituitary gland of the Podarcis sicula lizard under chronic exposure to this metal. Adult lizards were given CdCl2 in drinking water at the dose of 10 &mu;g/10 g body mass for 120 days. Light microscopy ...
Wang Peng - - 2010
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is an alternative treatment modality for patients with glioma. The aim of this study was to determine whether induction of apoptosis contributes to the main therapeutic efficacy of BNCT and to compare the relative biological effect (RBE) of BNCT, γ-ray and reactor neutron irradiation. The ...
Zhang Xia - - 2010
We have previously reported on a gold(III) complex, namely [AuBr(2)(DMDT)] (N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate) showing potent in vitro and in vivo growth inhibitory activities toward human cancer cells and identifying the cellular proteasome as one of the major targets. However, the importance of the oxidation state of the gold center and the involved ...
das Neves Ricardo Pires RP Medical Research Council Molecular Haematology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2010
Populations of genetically identical eukaryotic cells show significant cell-to-cell variability in gene expression. However, we lack a good understanding of the origins of this variation. We have found marked cell-to-cell variability in average cellular rates of transcription. We also found marked cell-to-cell variability in the amount of cellular mitochondrial mass. ...
Rushton Erik K EK Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14624, USA. - - 2010
Engineered nanoparticles (NP) are being developed and incorporated in a number of commercial products, raising the potential of human exposure during manufacture, use, and disposal. Although data concerning the potential toxicity of some NP have been reported, validated simple assays are lacking for predicting their in vivo toxicity. The aim ...
Wakida Nicole M NM Beckman Laser Institute, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of - - 2010
Establishing and maintaining polarization is critical during cell migration. It is known that the centrosome contains numerous proteins whose roles of organizing the microtubule network range include nucleation, stabilization and severing. It is not known whether the centrosome is necessary to maintain polarization. Due to its role as the microtubule ...
Sparrow Janet R JR Departments of Ophthalmology and Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2010
Bisretinoid lipofuscin compounds that accumulate in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of some forms of macular degeneration. In the development of approaches to the amelioration of retinal disorders characterized by enhanced RPE lipofuscin formation, attention is being given to therapies that reduce the production of ...
Sohaebuddin Syed K SK Department of Bioengineering, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, - - 2010
Despite intensive research efforts, reports of cellular responses to nanomaterials are often inconsistent and even contradictory. Additionally, relationships between the responding cell type and nanomaterial properties are not well understood. Using three model cell lines representing different physiological compartments and nanomaterials of different compositions and sizes, we have systematically investigated ...
Yang Pei-Yu - - 2010
Norcantharidin exhibits cytotoxicity in many cancer cell lines, including colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Its cytotoxic potency on primary CRC cells and other normal constituent cells of the human body remains elusive. This study investigates whether norcantharidin differentially exhibits cytotoxicity on primarily isolated CRC cells and dermal fibroblasts. The in vitro ...
Nishiyama Takahito - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) plays an important role in the detoxification of menadione (2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, also known as vitamin K3). However, menadiol (2-methyl-1,4-naphthalenediol) formed from menadione by NQO1-mediated reduction continues to be an unstable substance, which undergoes the reformation of menadione with concomitant formation of reactive ...
Das Umashankar - - 2010
A number of N-4-(2-aminoethoxy)phenylcarbonyl derivatives of various 3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones 2-5 demonstrated noteworthy cytotoxic potencies towards human HL-60 leukemic cells as well as human HSC-2 and HSC-4 squamous cell carcinomas. In general, toxicity towards HGF, HPC, and HPLF normal cells was substantially lower. The highest selective toxicity was noted when the terminal ...
Kosuri K V KV The Ohio State University, James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Center Columbus, OH, - - 2010
Mesothelioma is an uncommon malignancy whose global incidence continues to rise. The therapeutic standard for advanced disease is intravenous pemetrexed and cisplatin. The anti-folate capecitabine is significantly less effective than pemetrexed. The balance between thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is critical to the efficacy of ...
Miot-Noirault Elisabeth - - 2011
Our strategy is to increase drug accumulation in target tumour cells using specific "vectors" tailored to neoplastic tissue characteristics, which ideally are not found in healthy tissues. The aim of this work was to use 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) as a drug carrier, in view of its well-known accumulation by most primary ...
Hsieh Cheng-Chih - - 2010
Microtubule is a popular target for anticancer drugs. Chamaecypanone C, is a natural occurring novel skeleton compound isolated from the heartwood of Chamaecyparis obtusa var. formosana. The present study demonstrates that chamaecypanone C induced mitotic arrest through binding to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin, thus preventing tubulin polymerization. In addition, ...
Nocca Giuseppina - - 2010
Cytotoxicity of the dental resin monomer 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and the protective effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on monomer-induced cell damage are well demonstrated. The aim of our study was to analyze the hypothesis that the protection of NAC from HEMA cytotoxicity might be due to direct NAC adduct formation. ...
Martucciello Stefania - - 2010
Betulinic acid (BA) is a naturally occurring lupane-type triterpene which exhibits a variety of biological activities including potent cytotoxic properties. On the basis of the structural similarity to BA, two lupane derivatives namely lup-20(29)-ene-3beta,30-diol (1) and lup-20(29)-ene-3beta,28-diol (2), along with two friedelane derivatives, namely friedelan-3-one (3) and friedelan-3beta-ol (4), isolated ...
Patlolla Anita - - 2010
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are an example of a carbon-based nanomaterial that has won enormous popularity in nanotechnology. Due to their unusual one-dimensional hollow nanostructure and unique physicochemical properties, they are highly desirable for use within the commercial, environmental, and medical sectors. Despite their wide application, there is a lack ...
Hirasawa Yusuke - - 2009
A novel tetrakis monoterpene indole alkaloid, alasmontamine A (1) consisting of bis-vobtusine-type skeletons, was isolated from the leaves of Tabernaemontana elegans. The structure including the relative stereochemistry was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Alasmontamine A (1) exhibited moderate cell growth inhibitory activity against HL-60 cells.
Wang Ping - - 2010
Hypocrellin B, a natural pigment from a traditional Chinese herb, has been attracting extensive attention. The present study aims to investigate whether hypocrellin B can enhance cell death induced by ultrasound sonification on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro. The sonodynamic action of hypocrellin B was investigated on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell ...
Kojima Chikara - - 2009
Inorganic arsenic is an environmental carcinogen that may act through multiple mechanisms including formation of methylated derivatives in vivo. Sodium arsenite (up to 5.0 microM) renders arsenic methylation-competent TRL1215 rat liver epithelial cells tumorigenic in nude mice at 18 weeks of exposure and arsenic methylation-deficient RWPE-1 human prostate epithelial cells ...
Abdel Bar Fatma M - - 2010
Cell invasion and migration are required for the parent solid tumor cells to metastasize to distant organs. Microtubules form a polarized network, enabling organelle and protein movement throughout the cell. Cytoskeletal elements coordinately regulate cell's motility, adhesion, migration, exocytosis, endocytosis, and division. Thus, microtubule disruption can be a useful target ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2010
A series of novel quinazolinone linked pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) conjugates were synthesized. These compounds 4a-f and 5a-f were prepared in good yields by linking C-8 of DC-81 with quinazolinone moiety through different alkane spacers. These conjugates were tested for anticancer activity against 11 human cancer cell lines and found to be ...
Libério Michelle S - - 2011
Nowadays, the emergence of resistance to the current available chemotherapeutic drugs by cancer cells makes the development of new agents imperative. The skin secretion of amphibians is a natural rich source of antimicrobial peptides (AMP), and researchers have shown that some of these wide spectrum molecules are also toxic to ...
Martínez-Urbina Miguel Angel - - 2010
A series of 6-substituted 2-(N-trifluoroacetylamino)imidazopyridines have been synthesized and their bioactivities were evaluated. Compounds 6a, 6c, and 11a were the most active compounds with modest cytotoxic activity against six human cancer cell lines U251 (glioma), PC-3 (prostate), K-562 (leukemia), HCT-15 (colon), MCF7 (breast) and SK-LU-1 (lung). The cell cycle analysis ...
La Regina Giuseppe - - 2009
New arylthioindoles along with the corresponding ketone and methylene compounds were potent tubulin assembly inhibitors. As growth inhibitors of MCF-7 cells, sulfur derivatives were superior or sometimes equivalent to the ketones, while methylene derivatives were substantially less effective. Esters 24, 27-29, 36, 39, and 41 showed approximately 50% of inhibition ...
Yin Zhaobao Z Departments of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, and Kennedy Center for Research on Human Development, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2010
Although manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for human development and growth, chronic exposure to excessive Mn levels can result in psychiatric and motor disturbances, referred to as manganism. However, there are no known mechanism(s) for efflux of excess Mn from mammalian cells. Here, we test the hypothesis that ...
Park Eun-Jung - - 2010
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely applied in many household products and medical uses. However, studies on the effects of AgNPs on human health and environmental implications are in the beginning stage. Furthermore, most data on the toxicity of AgNPs have been generated using nanoparticles modified with detergents to prevent agglomeration, ...
Chen Dan - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Gekko swinhonis Guenther has been used as an anti-cancer drug in traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. Here we investigated the structural characterization and anti-cancer effects of sulfated polysaccharide-protein complex (GSPP) isolated from Gekko swinhonis Guenther. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The structure of GSPP was characterized ...
Lee Sang Kyu - - 2010
Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) is a bioactive compound of Anthriscus sylvestris (Apiaceae). In the present study, the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) by DPT was evaluated in human liver microsomes (HLM) and the baculovirus-insect cell-expressed human CYPs using a cocktail probe assay. When a mixture of specific CYP substrates was incubated with ...
Camargo Carlos Henrique Ribeiro - - 2009
Toxicologic aspects of the root canal sealers Acroseal, Epiphany, AH Plus, and castor oil polymer (COP) were analyzed using cell culture techniques. Set materials were extracted in culture medium, and cytotoxicity and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined in human pulp cells. The formation of micronuclei (MN), ...
Tabata Keiichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have previously screened many natural products for their cytotoxic effects on neuroblastoma cell lines, and two diarylheptanoids derived from Alpinia officinarum, 7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-4E-hepten-3-one (Compound 1) and (5R)-5-methoxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone (Compound 2), were shown to have potent cytotoxicity. On this basis, a detailed study of the antitumor activities of these two diarylheptanoids ...
Frungillo Lucas - - 2009
Tumoral cells are known to have a higher ascorbic acid uptake than normal cells. Therefore, the aim of this study was to obtain polymeric nanoparticles containing the antitumoral compound trans-dehydrocrotonin (DHC) functionalized with L-ascorbic acid 6-stearate (AAS) to specifically target this system tumoral cells. Nanoparticle suspensions (NP-AAS-DHC) were prepared by ...
Umehara Kaoru - - 2009
From the heartwood of Dalbergia parviflora, eight new compounds, khrinones A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5), isodarparvinol B (6), dalparvin (7), and (3S)-sativanone (22), along with 32 known compounds, have been isolated and characterized as 17 isoflavones, nine isoflavanones, five flavanones, six isoflavans, and three ...
Saitoh Yasukazu - - 2009
alpha-tocopheryl phosphate (TocP) has been elucidated for diverse effectiveness through unequivocal mechanisms independent of its conversion to alpha-tocopherol (Toc). The present study showed that TocP, in a dose-dependent manner, repressed invasion of human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells through the basement membrane, more markedly than Toc and several other Toc derivatives, although ...
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