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Martucciello Stefania - - 2010
Betulinic acid (BA) is a naturally occurring lupane-type triterpene which exhibits a variety of biological activities including potent cytotoxic properties. On the basis of the structural similarity to BA, two lupane derivatives namely lup-20(29)-ene-3beta,30-diol (1) and lup-20(29)-ene-3beta,28-diol (2), along with two friedelane derivatives, namely friedelan-3-one (3) and friedelan-3beta-ol (4), isolated ...
Patlolla Anita - - 2010
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are an example of a carbon-based nanomaterial that has won enormous popularity in nanotechnology. Due to their unusual one-dimensional hollow nanostructure and unique physicochemical properties, they are highly desirable for use within the commercial, environmental, and medical sectors. Despite their wide application, there is a lack ...
Hirasawa Yusuke - - 2009
A novel tetrakis monoterpene indole alkaloid, alasmontamine A (1) consisting of bis-vobtusine-type skeletons, was isolated from the leaves of Tabernaemontana elegans. The structure including the relative stereochemistry was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Alasmontamine A (1) exhibited moderate cell growth inhibitory activity against HL-60 cells.
Wang Ping - - 2010
Hypocrellin B, a natural pigment from a traditional Chinese herb, has been attracting extensive attention. The present study aims to investigate whether hypocrellin B can enhance cell death induced by ultrasound sonification on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro. The sonodynamic action of hypocrellin B was investigated on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell ...
Kojima Chikara - - 2009
Inorganic arsenic is an environmental carcinogen that may act through multiple mechanisms including formation of methylated derivatives in vivo. Sodium arsenite (up to 5.0 microM) renders arsenic methylation-competent TRL1215 rat liver epithelial cells tumorigenic in nude mice at 18 weeks of exposure and arsenic methylation-deficient RWPE-1 human prostate epithelial cells ...
Abdel Bar Fatma M - - 2010
Cell invasion and migration are required for the parent solid tumor cells to metastasize to distant organs. Microtubules form a polarized network, enabling organelle and protein movement throughout the cell. Cytoskeletal elements coordinately regulate cell's motility, adhesion, migration, exocytosis, endocytosis, and division. Thus, microtubule disruption can be a useful target ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2010
A series of novel quinazolinone linked pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) conjugates were synthesized. These compounds 4a-f and 5a-f were prepared in good yields by linking C-8 of DC-81 with quinazolinone moiety through different alkane spacers. These conjugates were tested for anticancer activity against 11 human cancer cell lines and found to be ...
Libério Michelle S - - 2011
Nowadays, the emergence of resistance to the current available chemotherapeutic drugs by cancer cells makes the development of new agents imperative. The skin secretion of amphibians is a natural rich source of antimicrobial peptides (AMP), and researchers have shown that some of these wide spectrum molecules are also toxic to ...
Martínez-Urbina Miguel Angel - - 2010
A series of 6-substituted 2-(N-trifluoroacetylamino)imidazopyridines have been synthesized and their bioactivities were evaluated. Compounds 6a, 6c, and 11a were the most active compounds with modest cytotoxic activity against six human cancer cell lines U251 (glioma), PC-3 (prostate), K-562 (leukemia), HCT-15 (colon), MCF7 (breast) and SK-LU-1 (lung). The cell cycle analysis ...
La Regina Giuseppe - - 2009
New arylthioindoles along with the corresponding ketone and methylene compounds were potent tubulin assembly inhibitors. As growth inhibitors of MCF-7 cells, sulfur derivatives were superior or sometimes equivalent to the ketones, while methylene derivatives were substantially less effective. Esters 24, 27-29, 36, 39, and 41 showed approximately 50% of inhibition ...
Yin Zhaobao - - 2010
Although manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for human development and growth, chronic exposure to excessive Mn levels can result in psychiatric and motor disturbances, referred to as manganism. However, there are no known mechanism(s) for efflux of excess Mn from mammalian cells. Here, we test the hypothesis that ...
Park Eun-Jung - - 2010
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely applied in many household products and medical uses. However, studies on the effects of AgNPs on human health and environmental implications are in the beginning stage. Furthermore, most data on the toxicity of AgNPs have been generated using nanoparticles modified with detergents to prevent agglomeration, ...
Chen Dan - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Gekko swinhonis Guenther has been used as an anti-cancer drug in traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. Here we investigated the structural characterization and anti-cancer effects of sulfated polysaccharide-protein complex (GSPP) isolated from Gekko swinhonis Guenther. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The structure of GSPP was characterized ...
Lee Sang Kyu - - 2010
Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) is a bioactive compound of Anthriscus sylvestris (Apiaceae). In the present study, the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) by DPT was evaluated in human liver microsomes (HLM) and the baculovirus-insect cell-expressed human CYPs using a cocktail probe assay. When a mixture of specific CYP substrates was incubated with ...
Camargo Carlos Henrique Ribeiro - - 2009
Toxicologic aspects of the root canal sealers Acroseal, Epiphany, AH Plus, and castor oil polymer (COP) were analyzed using cell culture techniques. Set materials were extracted in culture medium, and cytotoxicity and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined in human pulp cells. The formation of micronuclei (MN), ...
Tabata Keiichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have previously screened many natural products for their cytotoxic effects on neuroblastoma cell lines, and two diarylheptanoids derived from Alpinia officinarum, 7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-4E-hepten-3-one (Compound 1) and (5R)-5-methoxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone (Compound 2), were shown to have potent cytotoxicity. On this basis, a detailed study of the antitumor activities of these two diarylheptanoids ...
Frungillo Lucas - - 2009
Tumoral cells are known to have a higher ascorbic acid uptake than normal cells. Therefore, the aim of this study was to obtain polymeric nanoparticles containing the antitumoral compound trans-dehydrocrotonin (DHC) functionalized with L-ascorbic acid 6-stearate (AAS) to specifically target this system tumoral cells. Nanoparticle suspensions (NP-AAS-DHC) were prepared by ...
Zhang Dong - - 2009
Background and Objective: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can inhibit cell signal network function through decreasing expression of multiple genes and proteins, thus affect cell proliferation, survival and chemosensitivity. HDAC inhibitors combined with paclitaxel may enhance the inhibitory effect of drugs on lung cancer cells. This study was to observe the ...
Umehara Kaoru - - 2009
From the heartwood of Dalbergia parviflora, eight new compounds, khrinones A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5), isodarparvinol B (6), dalparvin (7), and (3S)-sativanone (22), along with 32 known compounds, have been isolated and characterized as 17 isoflavones, nine isoflavanones, five flavanones, six isoflavans, and three ...
Saitoh Yasukazu - - 2009
alpha-tocopheryl phosphate (TocP) has been elucidated for diverse effectiveness through unequivocal mechanisms independent of its conversion to alpha-tocopherol (Toc). The present study showed that TocP, in a dose-dependent manner, repressed invasion of human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells through the basement membrane, more markedly than Toc and several other Toc derivatives, although ...
Arrambide G - - 2009
The potassium salt of the carbonato oxodiperoxovanadate(V) complex, obtained by a known synthetic procedure, was thoroughly characterized by infrared, Raman, and electronic spectroscopy. The bioactivity of the complex on the cell proliferation was tested on osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3E1 osteoblastic mouse calvaria-derived cells and UMR106 rat osteosarcoma-derived cells) in culture. At ...
Chu Qing - - 2009
Gefitinib is an orally active, selective epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The present study was aimed at evaluating the antitumor activity of gefitinib alone or in combination with other antitumor agents. Gefitinib showed higher cytotoxicity against five human tumor cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, T98G and U87MG) than against ...
Lim Seung-Ho - - 2010
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a crucial role in the invasion and growth of malignant gliomas, their increased activity in tumor environment can be used as a specific target for chemotherapy. We investigated whether polymer-drug conjugates formed via MMP-cleavable peptide linkages could provide MMP-responsive tumor targeting and cytotoxicity for malignant ...
Fedorov Sergey - - 2010
Four isoforms of actinoporins were isolated in 2002-2004 from the tropical sea anemone Heteractis crispa (=Radianthus macrodactylus). Their potent hemolytic activities and effects on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing mice were also studied. In this study, the individual actinoporin (RTX-A) demonstrated potential cancer-preventive activity at extremely low and non-cytotoxic concentrations. The ...
Sullivan C Blake - - 2010
Levuglandins and their stereo- and regio-isomers (termed isolevuglandins or isoketals) are gamma-ketoaldehydes (IsoK) that rapidly react with lysines to form stable protein adducts. IsoK protein adduct levels increase in several pathological conditions including cardiovascular disease. IsoKs can induce ion channel dysfunction and cell death, potentially by adducting to cellular proteins. ...
Rabensteiner Dieter Franz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To analyse the influence of hyaluronate (HA) on the cell vitality of human conjunctival cells after chemical injuries from NaOH or alkali-containing household cleaners. METHODS: Human conjunctival cells (Chang cells) were incubated either with NaOH solutions or dilutions of household cleaners. HA (0.025%) was added to the cell culture ...
Penthala Narsimha Reddy - - 2010
The synthesis of several novel substituted (Z)-2-amino-5-(1-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4(5H)-ones structurally related to aplysinopsin have been carried out under microwave irradiation and conventional heating methods. The analogs 3a, 3b, 3d-3g,3k and 3l were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against an NCI 60 human tumor cell line panel. Compound 3f exhibited good ...
Camm Kenneth D - - 2009
A number of new ruthenium compounds have been synthesised, isolated and characterised, which exhibit excellent cytotoxicity against a number of different human tumour cell lines including a defined cisplatin resistant cell line and colon cancer cell lines. Addition of hydrophobic groups to the ruthenium molecules has a positive effect on ...
Asp Vendela - - 2010
The DDT metabolite 3-methylsulfonyl-DDE (3-MeSO(2)-DDE) has been proposed as a lead compound for an improved adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) treatment. ACC is a rare malignant disorder with poor prognosis, and the current pharmacological therapy o,p'-DDD (mitotane) has limited efficacy and causes severe adverse effects. 3-MeSO(2)-DDE is bioactivated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) ...
Wu De-Qun - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the targeting and photodynamic therapy efficiency of porphyrin and galactosyl conjugated micelles based on amphiphilic copolymer galactosyl and mono-aminoporphyrin (APP) incoporated poly(2-aminoethyl methacrylate)-polycaprolactone (Gal-APP-PAEMA-PCL). METHODS: Poly(2-aminoethyl methacrylate)-polycaprolactone (PAEMA-PCL) was synthesized by the combination of ring opening polymerization and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, and then Gal-APP-PAEMA-PCL ...
Yang Yu-Liang - - 2009
Six photosensitive polyketides, malbranpyrroles A-F, were discovered from the thermophilic fungus Malbranchea sulfurea by using intact-cell desorption/ionization on silicon mass (ICD-MS) and LC-SPE-NMR. These two strategies facilitate the searching and structural determination of unstable natural products. The ICD-MS indicated that only brown hyphae of M. sulfurea can produce malbranpyrroles. The ...
Kim Ki Hyun - - 2009
Three new biphenyls, berbekorin A (1), 2'-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxybiphenyl (2), and 4,5-dihydroxy-3-methoxybiphenyl (3), together with 11 known biphenyls (4-14), were isolated from the n-hexane-soluble fraction of the MeOH extract of the trunk of Berberis koreana. The structures of 1-3 were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR analysis. Compound 1 ...
Tao Zhimin - - 2009
We report different mesoporosity-dependent and functional group-dependent cytotoxicity and endocytosis of various silica nanomaterials on suspended and adherent cells. This dependency further varied with incubation time and particle dosage, and appeared to be associated with the particles' endocytotic efficiency and their chemical and physical properties. We studied two common mesoporous ...
Su??rez Al??rica I - - 2009
In the course of searching for bioactive compounds from Croton species from Venezuela, two seco-entkaurenes isolated from flowers of Croton caracasana were evaluated in vitro for their effect on cell viability by the standard MTT assay in nine human cancer cell lines of different origins and one primary culture. Both ...
Kaminska Bozena - - 2009
Malignant gliomas are highly resistant to current therapeutic approaches due to genetic alterations rendering them resistant to cell death. CK2, a ubiquitous and constitutively active serine/threonine kinase, frequently elevated in tumors, contributes to enhanced cell proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. Inhibition of CK2 expression or treatment with inhibitors of CK2 ...
Fujie Michio - - 2009
A novel phospha sugar analogue, 2,3-dibromo-3-methyl-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide (DBMPP), was prepared from 1-phenyl-3-methyl-2- phospholene 1-oxide and evaluated by in vitro MTT method forleukemia cells and microscopic observations forsolid tumor cells, e.g., stomach cancer cells. The evaluation revealed clearly that the synthesized phospha sugar analogue DBMPP has competent potentials and excellent anti-cancer ...
Vannini Ivan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate, at preclinical level, efflux pump modulation induced by lapatinib, a small-molecule dual inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), in HER2-negative or HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines (SkBr3 and BRC230). We also evaluated the cytotoxic activity and modulation of biomolecular cellular ...
Kuroda Minpei - - 2010
Five new pregnane tetraglycosides, amurensiosides A-E (1-5), two new pregnane hexaglycosides, amurensiosides F (6) and I (9), two new 18-norpregnane hexaglycosides, amurensiosides G (7) and H (8), and two new pregnane octaglycosides, amurensiosides J (10) and K (11), were isolated from the MeOH extract of the roots of Adonis amurensis. ...
Singh Rakesh K - - 2011
Coumarin derivative RKS262 belongs to a new class of potential anti-tumor agents. RKS262 was identified by structural optimization of Nifurtimox which is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials to treat high-risk neuroblastoma. In a NCI(60) cell-line assay RKS262 exhibited significant cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer cells and a variety of other ...
Nguyen Huu Tung - - 2010
Six dammarane-type saponins, including three new compounds, floralginsenosides Ta-Tc (1-3), and three known, floralginsenoside Td (4), ginsenoside F(1) (5), and ginsenoside F(5) (6), were isolated from the flower buds of Panax ginseng. Floralginsenoside Td (4) was first isolated from natural plant sources. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of ...
Di Grandi Martin J - - 2009
A novel series of pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines bearing a 3-hydroxyphenyl group at C(3) and substituted tropanes at C(7) have been identified as potent B-Raf inhibitors. Exploration of alternative functional groups as a replacement for the C(3) phenol demonstrated indazole to be an effective isostere. Several compounds possessing substituted indazole residues, such as ...
Rao Yerra Koteswara - - 2009
A series of 23 3',4',5'-trimethoxychalcone analogues was synthesized and their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS/IFN-gamma-treated macrophages, and tumor cell proliferation has been investigated. 4-Hydroxy-3,3',4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (7), 3,4-dihydroxy-3',4',5'-trimethoxychalcone (11), 3-hydroxy-3',4,4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (14), and 3,3',4',5'-tetramethoxychalcone (15) were the most potent growth inhibitory agents on NO production, with an IC(50) value ...
Wang Yanyan - - 2010
Many processes in living cells have electrochemical characteristics that are suitable for measurement by potentiometric biosensors. Potentiometric biosensors allow non-invasive, real time monitoring of the extracellular environment changes by measuring the potential at cell/sensor interface. This can be used as an indicator for overall cell cytotoxicity. The present work employs ...
Martín-Navarro Carmen M - - 2010
Three different cell lines (murine macrophages, HeLa and osteosarcoma cells) were assayed in order to check for the manifestation of the cytopathic effects of three strains of Acanthamoeba recently isolated in our laboratory from contact lens cases: CLC-16, CLC-41.r and CLC-51-l. Adhesion and cytotoxicity assays were carried out with these ...
Priestley Catherine C - - 2010
Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is a well-established rodent kidney carcinogen and its oxidising activity is considered to be a significant factor in its mechanism of action. Although it has also been shown to be clearly genotoxic in a range of in vivo and in vitro test systems, surprisingly, it is not ...
Geys Jorina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reliable in vitro studies that generate consistent toxicity data on nanomaterials on a high-throughput scale will be of invaluable significance in the next few years. AIM: In this study, we checked the influence of several steps of the experimental design on the outcome: we investigated the role of cell ...
Chicca Andrea - - 2010
In the present study, a further investigation of the cytotoxic activity of an acetylenic constituent of Echinacea pallida roots, namely, pentadeca-(8 Z,13 Z)-dien-11-yn-2-one, was performed, revealing a concentration-dependent cytotoxicity on several human cancer cell lines, including leukemia (Jurkat and HL-60), breast carcinoma (MCF-7), and melanoma (MeWo) cells. As part of ...
Szurko Agnieszka - - 2009
Photosensitizers with desirable combinations of chemical, photophysical and biological properties are essential for improving the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) against various cancers. Chlorins seem to be promising candidates for photodynamic therapy (PDT) owing to their photophysical properties. This paper reports spectroscopic and biological properties of a novel synthetic chlorin ...
Hui Ivan Chun-Fai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which phosphorylates p70S6K and 4EBP1 and activates the protein translation process, is upregulated in cancers and its activation may be involved in cancer development. Aims: In this study, we investigated the tumour-suppressive effects of rapamycin and its new analogue CCI-779 on hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Huang Dorothy Yu - - 2009
Microcystins are bioactive metabolites produced by cyanobacteria in water. These cyclic heptapeptides have caused public health concern worldwide. By interfering with cellular phosphorylation and signaling, microcystins can cause acute and chronic liver diseases. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set the provisional drinking water guideline value at 1.0 microg/L ...
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