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Montenegro Raquel Carvalho - - 2010
The cytotoxicity of nine naphthoquinones (NQ) was assayed against HL-60 (leukaemia), MDA-MB-435 (melanoma), SF-295 (brain) and HCT-8 (colon), all human cancer cell lines, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as representatives of normal cells, after 72h of incubation. 5-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone was the most active compound, showing IC(50) values in the range ...
Yang Yang - - 2010
The antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity and mechanism of induction of HepG2 cell death of essential oil from Amomum tsao-ko were determined. The essential oil was cytotoxic to HepG2, Hela, Bel-7402, SGC-7901 and PC-3 cell lines. The lowest IC(50) of 31.80+/-1.18microg/ml was measured for HepG2 carcinoma cell lines. The IC(50) for normal ...
Das Umashankar - - 2010
Various 2-benzylidene-6-(nitrobenzylidene)cyclohexanones were prepared as candidate cytotoxins in which the nitro group was located in the ortho, meta and para positions leading to series 1-3, respectively. The CC(50) values towards human HSC-2 and HSC-4 oral squamous cell carcinomas as well as human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemic cells are in the low ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2010
New phenanthrylphenol-pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PP-PBD) conjugates have been synthesized and evaluated for their biological activity. One of the compounds 4a has been evaluated for its antiproliferative activity on 57 human tumour cell lines. The growth inhibition of 4a-c has been determined by MTT viability assay on MCF-7 cell line. Among them, 4c ...
Oikawa Tsuyoshi - - 2010
The protein Survivin is selectively overexpressed in a variety of cancers, but not in normal tissues. It has been reported to be involved in cell survival and cell division. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in its function are not clear, although several binding partner proteins have been proposed to date. ...
Frenkel Moshe - - 2010
The use of ultra-diluted natural products in the management of disease and treatment of cancer has generated a lot of interest and controversy. We conducted an in vitro study to determine if products prescribed by a clinic in India have any effect on breast cancer cell lines. We studied four ...
dos Santos R L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a difference in cytotoxicity exists between latex and non-latex orthodontic separating elastics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five intra-oral separating elastics from different manufactures (four latex and one non-latex) were divided into five groups of 15 elastics each: Group MA (non-latex elastics, Masel), Group MO (natural ...
Owonikoko Taofeek K - - 2010
We observed a 53% response rate in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with vorinostat plus paclitaxel/carboplatin in a Phase I trial. Studies were undertaken to investigate the mechanism (s) underlying this activity. Growth inhibition was assessed in NSCLC cells by MTT assay after 72 hr of continuous drug ...
Wang Xiao-ying - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Periplocin is an active digitalis-like component from Cortex Periplocae, which has been widely used in the treatment of heart diseases in China for many years. According to the recommendations on the cardiovascular effect of periplocin from in vivo experiments, subsequent in vitro experiments are greatly needed for the global ...
Salah-Abbès Jalila Ben - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the antiradical and antioxidant properties of 4-(methylthio)-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MTBITC) extracted from Raphanus sativus and to assess the effects of MTBITC on tumour cell growth, cytotoxicity induced by zearalenone, an oestrogenic mycotoxin, and modulation of the expression of the genes involved in these ...
Yasuda Yoshiyuki - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of MTAD on the differentiation of osteoblast-like cells. METHODS: The cell viability assay was performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of MTAD on MC3T3-E1 and periodontal ligament cells at the various concentrations. The bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene expression was ...
Yamauchi Takahiro - - 2010
The 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosylguanine (ara-G), an active compound of nelarabine, demonstrates potent cytotoxicity specifically on T-cell malignancies. In cells, ara-G is phosphorylated to ara-G triphosphate (ara-GTP), which is subsequently incorporated into DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis. Because ara-GTP is crucial to ara-G's cytotoxicity, the determination of ara-GTP production in cancer cells is ...
Mitsuno Mayumi - - 2010
Gemcitabine (Gem) is a dFdC analogue with activity against several solid tumors. Gem is intracellularly phosphorylated by dCK, leading to the production of the metabolite dFdCDP. dFdCDP exhibits the cytotoxic effect by inactivating ribonucleotide reductase larger subunit 1 (RRM1), which is a rate limiting enzyme for de novo DNA synthesis. ...
Peng Chun-Yan - - 2010
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is an effective therapeutic agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and other hematopoietic malignancies. We found that ATO down-regulated the global DNA methylation level in HL-60 cells with high-performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE) assay. Using combination index method of Chou and Talalay, interactions between ATO and epigenetic therapeutic ...
Gotoh Yasuhiro - - 2010
The WalK/WalR (YycG/YycF) two-component system, which is essential for cell viability, is highly conserved and specific to low-GC percentage of Gram-positive bacteria, making it an attractive target for novel antimicrobial compounds. Recent work has shown that WalK/WalR exerts an effect as a master regulatory system in controlling and coordinating cell ...
Jiang Zedong - - 2010
The effects of fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides, ascophyllan and fucoidan, isolated from the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum, on the growth of various cell lines (MDCK, Vero, PtK(1), CHO, HeLa, and XC) were investigated. In a colony formation assay, ascophyllan and fucoidan showed potent cytotoxic effects on Vero and XC cells, while ...
Gao Jian-Jun - - 2011
LYP is a bestatin dimethylaminoethyl ester which inhibits aminopeptidase N (APN/CD13). Our goal in this study was to evaluate LYP as a candidate compound for cancer treatment, beginning by studying its inhibitory effects on tumors and then comparing it to bestatin. Experiments were performed on human ovarian carcinoma (OVCA) ES-2 ...
Green Benedict T - - 2010
Teratogenic alkaloids are found in many species of plants including Conium maculatum L., Nicotiana glauca, Nicotiana tabaccum, and multiple Lupinus spp. Fetal musculoskeletal defects produced by alkaloids from these plants include arthrogyropisis, scoliosis, torticollis, kyposis, lordosis, and cleft palate. A pharmacodynamic comparison of the alkaloids ammodendrine, anabasine, anabaseine, anagyrine, and ...
van Rijt Sabine H - - 2010
The cytotoxicity, hydrophobicity (log P), cellular uptake, aqueous reactivity, and extent of DNA adduct formation in the A2780 ovarian carcinoma cells for four osmium(II) arene complexes [(eta(6)-arene)Os(4-methyl-picolinate)Cl] that differ only in their arene ligands as benzene (1), p-cymene (2), biphenyl (3), or tetrahydroanthracene (4) are reported. There is a correlation ...
Biersack B - - 2010
Ru(eta6-arene) complexes of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibiting tyrphostins 1a and 1b were prepared, characterized and tested for DNA interaction and bioactivity in four human tumor cell lines. The intrinsic cytotoxicity and cell line selectivity of o-hydroxyanisol 1a was greatly enhanced in its Ru(eta6-p-cymene) complex 2a and in its ...
Zhong Miao - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, involved in diverse physiological and pathological processes. An oncogenic or tumor-suppressive miRNA may have potential as a therapeutic target to control cancers. Gefitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). H460 and A549 cells ...
Shu Xiao-Hong - - 2010
Cancer preventive reagent trans-resveratrol is intracellularly biotransformed to different metabolites. However, it is still unclear whether trans-resveratrol exerts its biological effects directly or through its metabolite(s). This issue was addressed here by identifying the metabolic pattern and the bioactive form of resveratrol in a resveratrol-sensitive human medulloblastoma cell line, UW228-3. ...
de Oliveira D M - - 2010
The exposure to benzene is a public health problem. Although the most well-known effect of benzene is hematopoietic toxicity, there is little information about the benzene and its metabolites effects on the central nervous system (CNS). This study examined the toxic effects of 1,2-dihydroxybenzene (catechol), a benzene metabolite, to human ...
Choi Soo Jeong - - 2010
Indirubin derivatives were identified as potent FLT3 tyrosine kinase inhibitors with anti-proliferative activity at acute myeloid leukemic cell lines, RS4;11 and MV4;11 which express FLT3-WT and FLT3-ITD mutation, respectively. Among several 5 and 5'-substituted indirubin derivatives, 5-fluoro analog, 13 exhibited potent inhibitory activity at FLT3 (IC(50)=15 nM) with more than ...
Fahey Karen - - 2010
Aziridinyl substituted benzimidazolequinones are more toxic than methoxy analogues towards normal human fibroblast cells (GM00637). The aziridinyl substituent is required for hypersensitive killing of Fanconi anaemia (FA) cells (PD20i) deficient in FANCD2. Despite lacking quinone functionality, 4,7-dimethoxy-N-[(aziridin-2-yl)methyl]benzimidazole also induces hypersensitivity from FA cells, similar to their response towards mitomycin C. ...
Glavas-Obrovac Ljubica - - 2010
Potent inhibitors of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) are expected to act as selective agents against T-cell tumours. Five compounds with guanine, three with hypoxanthine, and five with 9-deazaguanine, all connected by a linker with difluoromethylene phosphonic acid, were studied on their inhibitory potential against human and calf PNPs. Antiproliferative activity ...
Okeley Nicole M - - 2010
SGN-35 is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) containing the potent antimitotic drug, monomethylauristatin E (MMAE), linked to the anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody, cAC10. As previously shown, SGN-35 treatment regresses and cures established Hodgkin lymphoma and anaplastic large cell lymphoma xenografts. Recently, the ADC has been shown to possess pronounced activity in clinical ...
Silva Heveline - - 2010
This work describes the synthesis and characterization of three novel complexes derived from N-benzyl-ethylenediamine and oxalate. Precursor compounds were synthesized by reacting N-benzyl-ethylenediamine with K(2)PtCl(4). Subsequent substitution of chlorides by oxalate led to the final products. Elemental analysis and the infrared, (1)H, (13)C, and (195)Pt NMR spectra of these complexes ...
Momose Isao - - 2010
Large areas of tumor are nutrient-starved and hypoxic due to a disorganized vascular system. Therefore, we screened small molecules to identify cytotoxic agents that function preferentially in nutrient-starved conditions. We found that efrapeptin F had preferential cytotoxicity to nutrient-deprived cells compared with nutrient-sufficient cells. Because efrapeptin F acts as a ...
Quent Verena M C - - 2010
Cell proliferation is a critical and frequently studied feature of molecular biology in cancer research. Therefore, various assays are available using different strategies to measure cell proliferation. Metabolic assays such as AlamarBlue, water-soluble tetrazolium salt and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide, which were originally developed to determine cell toxicity, are used to ...
Grillo Claudia A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A high dissolution of copper from intrauterine devices (IUDs) occurs during the first days after insertion. This work is focused on the assessment of the possible cyto- and genotoxic effects of different concentrations of copper ions released from metallic copper on mammalian cells in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Colorimetric tetrazolium/Trypan ...
Jayaprakasha G K - - 2010
Epidemiological studies suggest that dietary limonoids and phytosterols offer protection from certain types of cancers. Potential cancer preventive constituents of sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) were isolated and identified from ethyl acetate extract. The structures of the compounds were identified by one-dimensional (1H or 13C) and two-dimensional (1H-H and 1H-13C) ...
Mukherjee Asama - - 2011
A series of ten chloroalkyl 1H-benz[de]isoquinoline-1,3-diones (naphthalimides) were synthesized and evaluated for antitumor activity. Amongst them, new compounds 2d and 2i carrying a 6-NO(2) substituent in the aromatic portion of the molecule possessed significant antineoplastic activity. The most active compound 2i had elicited significant cytotoxicity in 15 human tumor cell ...
Bawolak Marie-Thérèse - - 2010
PURPOSE: Local anesthetics in their therapeutic concentration range cause a vacuolar cytopathology that has been observed in vivo and in various types of mammalian cells. We examined whether active concentration ranges of drugs and the kinetics of the vacuolar response are clinically relevant and whether this phenomenon is associated with ...
Pietkiewicz Jadwiga - - 2010
We report on encapsulation of cyanine IR-768 in oil-in-water (o/w) microemulsion, i.e. fabrication of templated polymeric nanocapsules as effective nanocarriers for a new generation of photodynamic agents suitable for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Discussed here are nanocapsule imaging, their in vitro biological evaluation, cyanine encapsulation potential, and the cellular localization of ...
Phelan Martha - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of unhydrolysed/intact casein and eight different sodium casein hydrolysates (a-h) on the viability and growth of human cancer cell lines. Both human Jurkat T cells and Caco-2 cells were incubated with increasing concentrations of the test compounds (0.5-10% v/v) for ...
Netto Chaquip D - - 2010
A new pterocarpanquinone (5a) was synthesized through a palladium catalyzed oxyarylation reaction and was transformed, through electrophilic substitution reaction, into derivatives 5b-d. These compounds showed to be active against human leukemic cell lines and human lung cancer cell lines. Even multidrug resistant cells were sensitive to 5a, which presented low ...
Frimat Jean-Philippe - - 2010
We present a rapid, reproducible and sensitive neurotoxicity testing platform that combines the benefits of neurite outgrowth analysis with cell patterning. This approach involves patterning neuronal cells within a hexagonal array to standardize the distance between neighbouring cellular nodes, and thereby standardize the length of the neurite interconnections. This feature ...
Yang Hong - - 2010
The biological fate and potential toxicity of nanoparticles have become hot topics since the use of nanoparticles was extended to the biomedical and biotechnological field. In this paper, an in vitro study of silica (SiO2) nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity was presented mainly by real-time cell electronic sensing (RT-CES) system, which could be ...
Cuong Nguyen Manh - - 2010
Six indirubin derivatives have been synthesized and their inhibitory effects on the growth of HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells investigated. Cell viability was determined using the trypan blue exclusion method. Indirubin-3'-oxime (I-1) inhibited the growth of HL-60 cells with a GI50 value of 36.6 microM, whereas I-0, I-2, I-3, I-4 ...
Mu Qingxin - - 2010
Dynamic cellular responses to carbon nanotubes were monitored by a real-time cell electronic sensing assay. This approach is based on the parallel impedance measurement of attached cells using electronic sensors integrated in wells of 96-well E-plate. It measures the real-time multiparameter index of cell growth named cell index (CI), which ...
Vandersickel Veerle - - 2010
A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of DNA repair after exposure to ionizing radiation represents a research priority aimed at improving the outcome of clinical radiotherapy. Because of the close association with DNA double strand break (DSB) repair, phosphorylation of the histone H2AX protein (γH2AX), quantified by immunodetection, has ...
KrzymiƄska Sylwia - - 2010
Twenty Serratia marcescens isolates from clinical specimens were examined for their cytotoxic activity on four cell lines (HEp-2, Vero, CHO, J774). Most of the isolates were found to be cytotoxic to CHO (70%), Vero (75%) and HEp-2 cells (90%). CHO cells were the most sensitive to cell-free supernatants, followed by ...
Kawachi Satoshi - - 2010
The inhibitory action of compressed hydrocarbon gases on the growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated quantitatively by microcalorimetry. Both the 50% inhibitory pressure (IP(50)) and the minimum inhibitory pressure (MIP), which are regarded as indices of the toxicity of hydrocarbon gases, were determined from growth thermograms. Based on ...
Rodriguez Miguel - - 2010
We previously reported the antiproliferative effect of panaxadiol (PD), an active compound in steamed ginseng, on human HCT-116 colorectal cancer cells, and that antioxidants might play a role in this effect. In this study, we observed that PD's antiproliferative effect was significantly enhanced by epicatechin (EC), a strong natural antioxidant ...
Zhu Bo - - 2010
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a promising modality for cancer treatment which requires the synergistic effect of ultrasound and tumor-localized sonosensitizers. Sonodynamic efficacy can be improved through a better understanding of the accumulation and subcellular location of sonosensitizers. Here, a comparison of the accumulation, sublocation, and sonodynamic effect of hematoporphyrin (Hp) ...
Bogo Danielle - - 2010
Lichen phenolic compounds exhibit antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiproliferative, and cytotoxic activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticancer activity of lecanoric acid, a secondary metabolite of the lichen Parmotrema tinctorum, and its derivatives, orsellinates, obtained by structural modification. A cytotoxicity assay was carried out in vitro with sulforhodamine ...
Lackman-Smith Carol S - - 2010
At present, there is no effective vaccine or other approved product for the prevention of sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. It has been reported that women in resource-poor communities use vaginally applied citrus juices as topical microbicides. These easily accessible food products have historically been applied ...
Raucci Maria Grazia - - 2010
This study was performed to determine the in vitro biocompatibility of a bioactive, antibacterial silver based gel. A human osteoblast-like cell line (HOS TE85) was used to test cytocompatibility in the presence of eluants and the biological response in direct contact with Na(2)O.CaO.2SiO(2) gel (containing 0.5050 wt % Ag(2)O prepared ...
Jindal Archana - - 2010
The radioprotective effect of Rosemarinus officinalis extract (ROE) was studied in mice exposed to 3 Gy gamma radiation. Crypt survival, villus length, apoptotic cells, mitotic figures and goblet cells in intestine were studied at different autopsy intervals i.e. 12 hrs to 30 days after irradiation. Maximum changes in all the ...
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