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Rawlinson Lee-Anne B - - 2010
Poly(2-(dimethylamino ethyl)methacrylate) (pDMAEMA) is a cationic polymer with potential as an antimicrobial agent and as a non-viral gene delivery vector. The aim was to further elucidate the cytotoxicity of a selected pDMAEMA low molecular weight (MW) polymer against human U937 monocytes and Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells using a novel multi-parameter ...
Zhao Ying-Yong - - 2010
The steroids ergone (1), (22E, 24R)-ergosta-7,22-dien-3β-ol (2), 5α,8α-epidioxy-(22E,24R) -ergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol (3), ergosta-6,22-dien-3β,5α,6β-triol (4), and polyporusterone B (5) were isolated from Polyporus umbellatus by bioassay-guided approach. They showed potent anticancer activity against HepG2 cells. Ergone displayed remarkable anticancer activity against HepG2, Hep-2, and Hela cancer cells, of which HepG2 cells were the ...
Wang Qin - - 2010
Our previous study indicated that vanadium compounds can block cell cycle progression at the G1/S phase in human hepatoma HepG2 cells via a highly activated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) signal. To explore their differential action on normal cells, we investigated the response of an immortalized hepatic cell line, L02 ...
Matsuda Hisashi - - 2010
The 90% aqueous ethanol extract of an Egyptian natural medicine, the roots of Bryonia cretica L., was found to exhibit a strong inhibitory effect on the proliferation of human leukemia U937 cells. By bioassay-guided fractionation, we isolated two new cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides, bryoniaosides A and B, were isolated from the ...
Hölzel Michael - - 2010
Since its first description more than 30 years ago p53 has become a paradigm for a protein with versatile functions. P53 sensitizes a large variety of genetic alterations and has been entitled the guardian of the genome. Stabilization of p53 upon DNA damage is accompanied by a complex pattern of ...
Kim In-Sun - - 2010
The increased applications of nanoparticles in a wide range of industrial fields raise the concern about their potential toxicity to human. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the toxicity of four different oxide nanoparticles (Al2O3, CeO2, TiO2 and ZnO) to human lung epithelial cells, A549 carcinoma ...
Lee T-H - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the mechanisms of cytotoxicity of chlorhexidine (CHX) in human osteoblastic cells in vitro. METHODOLOGY: Cytotoxicity, cell proliferation and collagen synthesis assays were performed to elucidate the toxic effects of CHX on the human osteoblastic cell line U2OS. To determine whether glutathione (GSH) levels were important in the ...
Kwak Jae-Hwan - - 2010
A series of 2-alkyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-2,6-diazacyclopenta[b]anthracene-5,10-diones (4a-f) was synthesized and their in vitro cytotoxic activities were evaluated against six human cancer cell lines (HCT15, SK-OV-3, SNB19, A549, MCF7 and MCF7/ADR). They all appeared to be less potent than doxorubicin against all doxorubicin sensitive human cancer cell lines tested. However, these compounds retained ...
Hillegass Jedd M - - 2010
Nanomaterials are commonly defined as particles or fibers of less than 1 microm in diameter. For these reasons, they may be respirable in humans and have the potential, based upon their geometry, composition, size, and transport or durability in the body, to cause adverse effects on human health, especially if ...
Ponti Jessica - - 2010
In this work, we present a complete physicochemical characterization of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (mwCNTs) in order to assess their potential toxicological effects in in vitro cell models using Colony Forming Efficiency (CFE) assay. We verified that Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) was a more suitable solvent to disperse mwCNTs compared to culture ...
Kommera Harish - - 2010
In the present investigations five new derivatives of betulinic and betulonic acid were synthesized and the effect of this structural variations on anticancer activity was studied and discussed. The antiproliferative activity of betulinic and betulonic acid derivatives was studied against eight tumor cell lines of different histogenic origin. The derivatives ...
Wang Xiaobing - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in pharmacokinetics, sub-cellular localizations and sonodynamic efficacy between endogenous and exogenous protoporphyrin IX (endo-PpIX and exo-PpIX) in sarcoma 180 (S180) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-derived endo-PpIX and exo-PpIX pharmacokinetic profiles were determined by the fluorescence ...
Li Feng - - 2010
Three new flavonoids, (2R,3R)-3,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone 3-(2-methyl)butyrate (1), (7''R)-8-[1-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]chrysin (2), and (7''R)-8-[1-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]galangin (3), together with 41 known compounds (4-44) were isolated from a methanolic extract of Mexican propolis. Compounds 2 and 3 are unique natural flavones containing a 1-phenylallyl moiety. The in vitro preferential cytotoxicity of all the isolates was evaluated against ...
Papritz Mirko - - 2010
Cadmium (Cd(2+)) is a widespread environmental pollutant, which is associated with a wide variety of cytotoxic and metabolic effects. Recent studies showed that intoxication with the heavy metal most importantly targets the integrity of the epithelial barrier. In our study, the lung epithelial cell line, NCI H441, was cultured with ...
Wohlmuth Hans - - 2010
Bioactivity-guided fractionation of an ethanolic extract of the rhizome of Pleuranthodium racemigerum, a tropical Zingiberaceae species from Northeastern Australia, resulted in the isolation and structural elucidation of 1-(4''-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-(E)-hept-2-ene (1), a new diarylheptanoid related to curcumin. Compound 1 was a fairly potent inhibitor of prostaglandin E(2) production in 3T3 murine fibroblasts ...
Chokchaisiri Ratchanaporn - - 2010
Three new labdane diterpenes, curcucomosins A-C (1-3), four known labdane diterpenes, 4-7, and a known diarylheptanoid, 8, were isolated from the aerial parts of Curcuma comosa. The structures of the new diterpenes were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis. The fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) induction potency of the isolated compounds was ...
Stefely Jonathan A - - 2010
A series of N-((1-benzyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)arylamides was synthesized by copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) and afforded inhibitors of cancer cell growth. For example, compound 13e had an IC(50) of 46 nM against MCF-7 human breast tumor cells. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies demonstrated that (i) meta-phenoxy substitution of the N-1-benzyl group is important for ...
Schuler Maik - - 2010
The in vitro micronucleus assay has been extensively used as an in vitro screening tool to identify test articles that might have aneugenic or clastogenic potential. Currently, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is working towards a final version of the guideline for the conduct of the in ...
Moos Philip J - - 2010
There is ongoing concern regarding the toxicity of nanoparticles with sizes less than 100 nm as compared to larger particles of the same nominal substance. Two commercial ZnO types, one sold as a 8-10 nm powder and the other described as -325 mesh (<44 mum) powder, were evaluated in human ...
Kommera Harish - - 2010
Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of eight new derivatives of betulinic acid (1) and betulin (2) are described. The compounds were tested against fifteen tumor cell lines. The toxicity against normal human fibroblasts and the mode of cell death on lung cancer cell line induced by the most active compounds 9 ...
Lee Chongmu - - 2010
We report the photothermal properties as well as the in vitro cell test results of titanium oxide nanotubes (TiO(2) NTs) as a potential therapeutic agent for cancer thermotherapy in combination with near-infrared (NIR) light. TiO(2) NTs are found to have a higher photothermal effect upon exposure to NIR laser than ...
Hirai Hiroshi - - 2010
Abnormalities in the p16INK4a/ cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)4, 6/ Retinoblastoma (Rb) pathway frequently occur in various human cancers. Thus, Cdk4/6 is an attractive target for cancer therapy. Here we report the biological characterization of a 2-aminothiazole-derived Cdk4/6 selective inhibitor, named Compound A in vitro and in vivo. Compound A potently inhibits ...
Kicha Alla A - - 2010
New asterosaponins archasterosides A (1), B (2), and the known regularoside A (3) were isolated from the Vietnamese starfish Archaster typicus and structurally elucidated by extensive NMR techniques and chemical transformations. Compounds 1-3 showed moderate cytotoxic activities against HeLa and mouse JB6 P(+) Cl41 cell lines. The most active, 2, ...
Ky Pham Thanh - - 2010
Dammarane-type saponins, gypenosides VN1-VN7 (1-7), were isolated from the total saponin extract of Gynostemma pentaphyllum aerial parts, with their structures elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods. These compounds showed moderate cytotoxic activity against four human cancer cell lines, A549 (lung), HT-29 (colon), MCF-7 (breast), and SK-OV-3 (ovary), ...
Ding Jing - - 2010
Cytotoxicity of dextran-hybridized magnetite nanoparticles which were prepared by a novel polyol method was evaluated by incubation with four different kinds of cells, including rat liver cells BRL 3A, renal cells NRK, astrocyte and periphery blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The study was designed not only to evaluate their cytotoxicity but ...
Sgambato Alessandro - - 2010
Cement is widely used for construction and several reports have suggested a potential toxicity of cement dusts although it has never been definitively assessed. To determine the cytotoxic and bioactive effects of cement dusts, cultures of normal rat fibroblasts were exposed to different types of cements and cell growth parameters, ...
Ferguson Elaine L - - 2010
The bioresponsive conjugate dextrin-phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a novel anticancer polymer therapeutic. Dextrin conjugation decreases PLA2 bioactivity, but this can be restored following triggered degradation by alpha-amylase. The conjugate displays reduced hemolytic activity but retains, or shows enhanced, cytotoxicity in vitro that partially correlates with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ...
Liao Ting Ting - - 2010
To find a sensitive cytotoxic response to reflect the toxicity of trace organic pollutants, the sensitivity and reliability of morphological change and proliferation inhibition of Vero cells exposed to lipophilic compounds and the leachate from products related to drinking water (PRDW) were compared, and the mechanism of the morphological change ...
Cheng Ming-Jen - - 2010
The chloroform-soluble portion of the leaf extract of Litsea lii var. nunkao-tahangensis was further studied and these studies led to the isolation of a new butanolide, litsealiicolide C (1), and a new secobutanolide, secoisolitsealiicolide B (2), along with seven known compounds, linderanolide B (3), isolinderanolide C (4), secolincomolide A (5), ...
Ganapathy-Kanniappan Shanmugasundaram - - 2010
3-Bromopyruvate (3BrPA) is a pyruvate analog known for its alkylating property. Recently, several reports have documented the antiglycolytic and anticancer effects of 3BrPA and its potential for therapeutic applications. 3BrPA-mediated cytotoxicity has been evaluated in vitro by various methods including tetrazolium salt (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide)-based assays such as MTT, MTS, and ...
Kaiser Christine - - 2010
The tumor suppressor gene, SMAD4, is mutated in approximately 30% of colon cancers. To identify compounds with enhanced potency on cells with a SMAD4-negative context, we combined genomic and cheminformatic analyses of publicly available data relating to the colon cancer cell lines within the NCI60 panel. Two groups of cell ...
Matsuo Yukiko - - 2010
A new neolignan, (7R,8R)-5-O-demethylbilagrewin (1), together with four known lignans (2-5), were isolated from the heartwood of Santalum album (Santalaceae). The structure of 1 was determined by analysis of extensive spectroscopic data. The isolated compounds and derivatives were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells and ...
Svih?lkov?-Sindlerov? Lenka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: LA-12 is a new platinum (IV) drug with promising cytotoxic effects in a wide range of cancer cell lines. Its confluence-dependent effects were compared with cisplatin (CDDP) and oxaliplatin (L-OHP) in HT-29 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity was determined by MTT test, eosin exclusion assay, and cell number quantification. ...
Bazin Emmanuelle - - 2010
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN), a cyanotoxin produced by certain freshwater cyanobacteria, causes human intoxications and animal mortalities. CYN is a potent inhibitor of protein- and glutathione-synthesis. Preliminary evidence for in vivo tumor initiation has been found in mice but the mechanism remains unclear. Several in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that ...
Liu Xinrong - - 2010
We reported recently that a three-component nanoparticle, consisting of a targeting antibody, a transfecting peptide and an 111In-antiRIalpha MORF antisense oligomer, provided Auger electron-mediated, antisense-mediated, cytotoxicity of cells in culture. We have now measured the cytotoxicity of the nanoparticle in culture with the 111In replaced by 125I, another attractive Auger ...
Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the transdentinal cytotoxicity of 10% and 16% carbamide peroxide gel (CP), as well as the ability of the antioxidant, 10% sodium ascorbate (SA), to protect the odontoblasts in culture. STUDY DESIGN: Human dentin discs of 0.5-mm thickness were obtained and were ...
Hemmer Eva - - 2010
Gadolinium hydroxide, Gd(OH)(3), nanostructures were examined for their possible use in imaging and tracking of cells and tissues by investigating their cellular interactions and cytotoxic behaviors. For this purpose, Gd(OH)(3) nanorods (length, several hundred nanometers; diameter, approximately 40 nm) and spherical nanoparticles (average diameter, <10 nm) were synthesized by solvothermal ...
Das Gautom Kumar - - 2010
The present study presents a new approach for evaluating in vitro cytotoxicity of nanoparticles. The approach is based on American National Standard ISO 10993-5. Hepatoma HepG2 and fibroblast NIH3T3 cell lines were incubated with nanoparticles, and their associated extracts were derived at 70 and 121 degrees C. Nanoparticles proposed as ...
Subbarayan Pochi Ramalingam - - 2010
Identification of new agents with antitumor activity in chemoresistant tumors is urgently needed for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug is successfully being used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Several clinical trials also suggest its ineffectiveness on solid tumors. ...
Tomelleri C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: High-throughput chemical and biochemical technologies are now exploited by modern pharmacology and toxicology to synthesize a multitude of new molecules with bioactive potential, or to isolate them from living matter. Testing molecules in cell systems on a large scale, however, is a rate-limiting step in drug discovery or in ...
Xing Wu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to synthesize and characterize folate-targeted microbubbles (MB(F)) as an ultrasound contrast agent and to evaluate their affinity to the folate receptor (FR) in vitro. METHODS: Folate-targeted microbubbles were prepared by incorporating 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-folate into the lipid membrane of microbubbles. The diameter and concentration ...
Ozsv?ri B?la - - 2010
In recent years, a new cell-based high throughput paradigm has emerged, which seeks to identify novel, pharmacologically active cytoprotective compounds. The essence of this approach is to create experimental models of cell injury relevant for a particular disease by establishing in vitro cell-based models, followed by high-throughput testing of compounds ...
Pratsinis Harris - - 2010
The butanolic extract and the isolated chemical constituents, mainly diterpenes and flavonoids, from Greek propolis have been tested for their cytostatic activities against human malignant and normal cell strains. The extract and the diterpenes were found to be the most active against HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells, without affecting normal ...
Yi Min - - 2010
Aluminum (Al) exists naturally in air, water, and soil, and also in our diet. Al can be absorbed into the human body and accumulates in different tissues, which has been linked to the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease and various neurological disorders. By using Vicia cytogenetic tests, which are commonly used ...
Ashraf Hengameh - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the cytotoxicity of two root filling materials GuttaFlow (GF) and gutta-percha (GP) on mouse fibroblasts cell line L-929. In this study there were four groups: GP and GF were considered as study groups and the other two were negative control groups. GP ...
Azooz Faika A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to use survival curves data for the inactivation of V79 cells and CHO-K1 cells by protons, neutrons, C12 ions and He3 ions to study the role of direct and indirect action in cell inactivation. A large number of survival curves for the inactivation of ...
Kirchner Stephan - - 2010
This study summarises the results of four different chemicals evaluated for induction of micronuclei (MN) in L5178Y tk(+/-) cells in the absence of cytochalasin B. All four chemicals (the tubulin polymerisation inhibitor Colchicine, Diethylstilboestrol which inhibits both tubulin polymersation as well as depolymerisation, the cross-linking agent Mitomycin C and Cyclophosphamide ...
Sterz Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The ubiquitin-proteasome system emerged as a new therapeutic target in cancer treatment. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of the novel proteasome inhibitor BSc2118 on t(4;14) positive and negative multiple myeloma (MM) cells and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC). METHODS: Human MM cell lines ...
Sun Lihua - - 2011
Although the treatment outcome of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has been improved in the past decades by combination chemotherapy, toxic side-effects of chemotherapeutics remain a major problem. Therefore, new alternative agents with low toxicity are urgently needed. Natural products provide a rich source of screening potential anti-cancer drugs. 20(S)-protopanoxadiol (PPD), ...
Ribeiro Daniel A - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate DNA damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis, and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells from individuals following digital lateral radiography. A total of 30 healthy patients (15 men and 15 women) indicated to the orthodontic therapy were submitted to digital ...
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