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Shokrzadeh M - - 2010
Plants are used worldwide for the treatment of diseases, and novel drugs continue to be developed through research from plants. There are more than 20,000 species of plants used in traditional medicines, and these are all potential reservoirs for new drugs. Cucurbitapepo has been used in traditional folk medicine to ...
Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2010
To evaluate the cytotoxic effects of a bleaching agent composed of 0.01% carbamide peroxide (CP; 2.21mug/ml H(2)O(2)) on the MDPC-23 odontoblastic cell line, and to determine whether sodium ascorbate (SA) is capable of reducing, or even eliminating, the toxic effects caused by this bleaching agent. The cells were seeded in ...
de Lima Aliny Pereira - - 2010
Ruthenium(III) complexes are increasingly attracting the interest of researchers due to their promising pharmacological properties. In the present study, we investigated the ability of cis-(dichloro)tetrammineruthenium(III) chloride to produce lethal effects in human chronic myelogenous leukemia K562 cells. The MTT tetrazolium reduction test and the trypan blue exclusion assay revealed that ...
Su Quan-Guan - - 2011
To explore the potential anti-tumour activities of xanthone derivatives, 26 hydroxylxanthones and benzoxanthones and their structurally modified analogues were examined for potential cytotoxic activities against eight human cancer cell lines. Most of the xanthone derivatives exhibited a higher degree of cytotoxicity on HepG2 cells than on the other seven cancer ...
Schwanke Anja - - 2010
Aiming to address new drug targets, molecular modelling is gaining increasing importance although the prediction capability of the in silico method is still under debate. For an improved treatment of actinic keratosis and squamous cell carcinoma, inhibitors of human DNA polymerase alpha (pol alpha) are developed by docking nucleoside phosphonate ...
Gianferrara Teresa - - 2010
We report here two novel "extended-arms" porphyrins, TetbpyPP and TedabpyPP, in which four peripheral bpy fragments are connected to the meso positions of the macrocycle through flexible linkers of different length and hydrophilicity. We describe also the new, water-soluble, tetracationic conjugate [TedabpyPP{Ru([9]aneS3)Cl}(4)][Cl](4) (6). Compound 6 belongs to the series of ...
Naha Pratap C - - 2010
PNIPAM nanoparticles, with and without a covalently linked fluorescent label, were prepared by a free radical polymerisation technique. The cyto- and genotoxicity of PNIPAM nanoparticles were analysed in two representative mammalian cell lines, SW480, a colon, and HaCaT, a dermal cell line. Physical characterisation in terms of particle size and ...
Vasconcellos Marne C - - 2010
Biflorin is a natural quinone isolated from Capraria biflora L. Previous studies demonstrated that biflorin inhibits in vitro and in vivo tumor cell growth and presents potent antioxidant activity. In this paper, we report concentration-dependent cytotoxic, genotoxic, antimutagenic, and protective effects of biflorin on Salmonella tiphymurium, yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and ...
Padavan Donna T - - 2011
Poly(amic acid) (PAA) derived from ethylenediaminetetracetic dianhydride shows great potential as a biomaterial suitable for biomedical applications. To evaluate this polymer class further, in vitro cell toxicity (WST-1/ECS, ELISA based) and cell compatibility (cell adhesion and cell proliferation) tests were conducted to establish structure-toxicity relationships. PAAs with a number-average molecular ...
Sun Lingmei - - 2011
The aim of this study was to demonstrate that solamargine (SM) mediates its cytotoxicity via oncosis. The cytotoxicity of SM on cancer cells was examined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2 and 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell membrane integrity was assessed by detecting the leakage of cytoplasmic content, the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and ...
Bandgar Babasaheb P - - 2010
In the present article, we have synthesized a combinatorial library of 3,5-diaryl pyrazole derivatives using 8-(2-(hydroxymethyl)-1-methylpyrrolidin-3-yl)-5,7-dimethoxy-2-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one (1) and hydrazine hydrate in absolute ethyl alcohol under the refluxed conditions. The structures of the compounds were established by IR, (1)H NMR and mass spectral analysis. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for ...
El-Azab Adel S - - 2010
Novel derivatives of quinazoline (1-27) have been synthesized and tested for their antitumor activity against three tumor cell lines among these cell lines the human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7) in which EGFR is highly expressed. All tested compounds showed potent and selective activity against breast cancer (MCF-7) with IC(50) ...
Zuo Ai-Xue - - 2010
Three new phenolic glycosides, curculigosides F-H (1-3), were isolated from rhizomes of Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Their structures were elucidated based on comprehensive spectroscopic analyses including IR, MS, 1D- and 2D NMR (HSQC, COSY, and HMBC). Curculigosides F-H (1-3) were evaluated for their anti-HBV activity in vitro using the HBV transfected ...
Kim Ki Hyun - - 2010
Chemical investigation of the tubers of Corydalis ternata resulted in the isolation and characterization of four new benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, epi-coryximine (1) and coryternatines A-C (2-4), along with 10 known alkaloids (5-14). Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analyses and comparison with spectroscopic data reported. In ...
Llanos Gabriel G - - 2010
Seven new withanolides (1-7), along with three known ones (8-10), were isolated from the leaves of Withania aristata. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including 2D NMR experiments and spectrometric techniques, and the absolute configuration of 1 and 2 was established by CD analysis. In the ...
Xiao Qin - - 2011
A cell line (FG cells) derived from a gill of the flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus were used to determine the cytotoxic effects of nonylphenol (NP). Cytotoxicity was measured by three endpoint systems: neutral red (NR) uptake assay, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and cell protein assay. The result showed that NP ...
Moretto Johnny - - 2011
Platinum(II) metallointercalators represent a new class of DNA-damaging antitumor complexes active in cisplatin- and oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines. In the first part of our work, we have screened in vitro a serie of 18 metallointercalators with the structure [Pt(A(L))(I(L))](2+) where A(L) = ethylenediamine (EN) or diaminocyclohexane in R,R- (RR) or S,S- (SS) configuration ...
Penthala Narsimha Reddy - - 2010
A series of novel 3-hydroxy-3-(2-imino-3-methyl-5-oxoimidazolidin-4-yl)indolin-2-one analogs (3) have been synthesized under microwave irradiation and conventional heating methods. These analogs were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of 57 human tumor cell lines. Compound 3o had GI(50) values of 190 nM and 750 nM against A549/ATTC non-small cell lung ...
Budman Daniel R - - 2011
Although platinum based therapy has improved short term survival of patients with metastatic ovarian cancer, the majority of patients continue to relapse and eventually die of their disease. Currently, a plethora of agents are in development, but how to combine them to enhance efficacy remains largely empiric. We have used ...
Sagardoy Aitziber A - - 2010
Benzo[b]thiophenesulfonamide 1,1-dioxide derivatives (BTS) were described as candidate antineoplastic drugs. In the hope of finding new compounds with improved antitumour activity and reduced toxicity, we have designed and synthesized a small series of benzo[b]thiophene-6-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide derivatives (BTC) structurally related with the best reported BTS. Growth inhibition of HTB-54, CCRF-CEM and ...
Debnath Anindita - - 2010
A lethal cardiotoxic-cytotoxic protein (mol. wt. 6.76 kDa) has been purified from the Indian monocellate cobra (Naja kaouthia) venom by ion-exchange chromatography and HPLC. CD spectra indicated the presence of 23% alpha helix, 19% beta sheets and 35% coil. Complete amino acid sequence was determined by MALDI, which showed similar ...
Newell Amanda M B - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Ardisia species, notably A. compressa, are used in some regions of the world as food or in traditional medicine for prevention and treatment of certain health conditions including liver disease. We investigated the chemical composition and relative anticancer potential of six Ardisia species [A. japonica (AJ), ...
Meng Ryan Q - - 2010
The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of 1,3-butadiene (BD*) are related to its bioactivation to several DNA-reactive metabolites, including 1,2-epoxy-3-butene (BDO), 1,2,3,4-diepoxybutane (BDO2), and 1,2-dihydroxy-3,4-epoxybutane (BDO-diol). Accumulated evidence indicates that stereochemical configurations of BD metabolites may play a role in the mutagenic and carcinogenic action of BD. The objective of this ...
Kim Minwoo - - 2010
2-Chloro-, 2-bromo- and 2-azido-1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-diones were synthesized from 1alpha,2alpha-epoxy-4,6-androstadiene-3,17-dione (2) using HCl, HBr and NaN(3), respectively. Compound 2 was also reacted with NaCN to give 2-cyano-1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (5) and 2beta-cyano-1alpha-hydroxy-4,6-androstadiene-3,17-dione (6). 6Alpha,7alpha-epoxy-1,4-androstadiene-3,17-dione (8) was reacted with HCl, HBr and NaN(3) to form the corresponding 7beta-chloro-, 7beta-bromo- and 7beta-azido-6alpha-hydroxy-1,4-androstadiene-3,17-diones. The cytotoxic activity of ...
Voller Jirí - - 2010
Cytokinin ribosides (N(6)-substituted adenosine derivatives) have been shown to have anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. This study presents the first systematic analysis of the relationship between the chemical structure of cytokinins and their cytotoxic effects against a panel of human cancer cell lines with diverse histopathological origins. ...
Sahin Fahri - - 2010
In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential relationship between gossypol-induced cytotoxicity of human promyelocytic leukemia cell line (HL-60) leukemic cells and intracellular serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PP) dynamics and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) activity. Gossypol was found to be cytotoxic in HL-60 cells with the IC(50) dose of ...
Liao Ting-Ting - - 2010
To find a sensitive cytotoxic response to reflect the bio-toxicity of trace organic pollutants, the sensitivity and reliability of morphological change and proliferation inhibition of Vero cells exposed to 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol (TCP) and the leachate from products related to drinking water (PRDW) were compared, and the mechanism of the ...
Moon Hyung-In - - 2010
The chloroform extracts of whole plants of Hypericum erectum were investigated for antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Five phloroglucinol derivatives, otogirin (1), otogirone (2), erectquione A (3), erectquione B (4), and erectquione C (5) were isolated from the whole plants of H. erectum. Also, five compounds were ...
Shen Kaili - - 2012
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread, persistent environmental contaminants that display a complex spectrum of toxicological properties. Exposure to PCBs has been associated with morphological anomalies in cell cultures. However, most mechanistic studies of PCBs' toxic activity have been focused on coplanar congeners. It is of importance to determine whether PCB ...
Costa Andr? N - - 2010
Certain hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are well established occupational respiratory tract carcinogens. However, despite extensive studies, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying Cr(VI)-induced lung cancer remain poorly understood. In fact, the models used were often suboptimal and yielded conflicting results that were heavily dependent upon the system and experimental conditions ...
Ourique A F - - 2010
Tretinoin-loaded conventional nanocapsules have showed a significant protection of this drug against UVC radiation. However, this formulation presents a limited stability on storage. We hypothesized that the association of tretinoin to lipid-core nanocapsules could increase the physicochemical stability of such formulations, focusing on the development of a reliable nanomedicine for ...
Li Wei - - 2010
Tea polyphenols have been shown to have anticancer activity in many studies. In the present study, we investigated effects of theaflavin-3-3'-digallate (TF(3)), one of the major theaflavin monomers in black tea, in combination with ascorbic acid (AA), a reducing agent, and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the main polyphenol presented in green tea, ...
Moore Pamela D - - 2010
Malathion is an organophosphate pesticide that is known for its high toxicity to insects and low to moderate potency to humans and other mammals. Its toxicity has been associated with the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity, leading to the interference with the transmission of nerve impulse, accumulation of acetylcholine at synaptic ...
Kinsella Paula - - 2011
The main problem in the treatment of malignant astrocytomas is their invasive behaviour. Successful resection of the main tumour mass cannot prevent recurrence due to single cells invading the surrounding brain parenchyma at the time of diagnosis. The classical combination therapy, PCV (Procarbazine, CCNU and Vincristine) used for over 30 ...
Romagnoli Romeo - - 2010
A series of 1-aryl-5-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl) derivatives and their related 1-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)-5-aryl-1,2,4-triazoles, designed as cis-restricted combretastatin analogues, were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity, inhibitory effects on tubulin polymerization, cell cycle effects, and apoptosis induction. Their activity was greater than, or comparable with, that of the reference compound CA-4. Flow cytometry studies showed ...
Heshe Dirk - - 2011
The observation that the orphan drug dichloroacetate (DCA) selectively promotes mitochondria-regulated apoptosis and inhibits tumour growth in preclinical models by shifting the glucose metabolism in cancer cells from anaerobic to aerobic glycolysis attracted not only scientists', clinicians' but also patients' interests and prompted us to further evaluate DCA effects against ...
Li Xiaoming - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bortezomib and the other proteasome inhibitors that are currently under clinical investigation bind to the catalytic sites of proteasomes and are competitive inhibitors. We hypothesized that proteasome inhibitors that act through a noncompetitive mechanism might overcome some forms of bortezomib resistance. METHODS: 5-amino-8-hydroxyquinoline (5AHQ) was identified through a screen ...
Cao Sheng-Li - - 2010
A series of N-((2-methyl-4(3H)-quinazolinon-6-yl)methyl)dithiocarbamates 5a-w were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines. We found that compound 5k inhibited proliferation of A549, MCF-7, HeLa, HT29 and HCT-116 cells with IC(50) values of 5.44, 7.15, 12.16, 10.35 and 11.44 microM, respectively. Compound 5i was the ...
Fujimoto Aya - - 2010
Many effects of sesamol, an antioxidative constituent of sesame oil, have been reported for human health benefits due to its antioxidative action. However, we recently isolated two cytotoxic products, trimer and tetramer of sesamol, from oxidation of sesamol by an assay-guided purification. In this study, we have revealed some cytotoxic ...
Chen Yu Qing - - 2010
Some cationic antibacterial peptides exhibit a broad spectrum of cytotoxic activity against cancer cells, which could provide a new class of anticancer drugs. In the present study, the anticancer activity of ABP-CM4, an antibacterial peptide from Bombyx mori, against leukemic cell lines THP-1, K562 and U937 was evaluated, and the ...
Dyhrman Sonya T - - 2010
Alexandrium catenella is widespread in western North America and produces a suite of potent neurotoxins that cause paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) in humans and have deleterious impacts on public health and economic resources. There are seasonal PSP-related closures of recreational and commercial shellfisheries in the Puget Sound, but the factors ...
Songsiang Uraiwan - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive malignancy with a very high morbidity and mortality for which an effective treatment is lacking. In this study, seventeen zerumbone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. 5 showed the most potent antiproliferative activity against KKU-100 cell line with ...
Shibata Akira - - 2010
Recent studies have demonstrated that tocotrienol (T3) is superior to tocopherol (Toc) for cancer chemoprevention. However, there is little information on whether Toc influences the anticancer property of T3. In this study, we investigated the influence of Toc on the cytotoxic effects of delta-T3 in DLD-1 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. ...
Huang Zheng-Sheng - - 2010
Investigation of a Chinese folk medicine, Artemisia dubia (syn. Artemisia subdigitata), has resulted in the isolation of eight new guaianolides (artemdubolides A-H, 1-8), and nineteen known sesquiterpene lactones. Their structures were elucidated primarily on the basis of spectroscopic methods, including extensive 2D NMR experiments. The cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-8 ...
Yang Yoon Mee - - 2010
Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor approved for anticancer therapy. However, variable sensitivity of tumor cells exists in this therapy probably due to differences in the expression of proteasome subunits. G(alpha)(12/13) serves modulators or signal transducers in diverse pathways. This study investigated whether cancer cells display differential sensitivity to bortezomib with ...
Li Jin - - 2010
Nine new isomalabaricane-derived natural products, globostelletins A-I (1-9), were isolated from the marine sponge Rhabdastrella globostellata, together with jaspolides F (10), rhabdastrellic acid-A (11), (?)-stellettin E (12), stellettins C (13) and D (14). The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses and by comparison ...
Llabjani Valon - - 2010
Target organisms are continuously and variously exposed to contaminant mixtures in the environment. We noted that treatment with brominated diphenyl ether (BDE)47 or polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)126 (toxic equivalency factor [TEF] = 0.1) induces similar alterations in MCF-7 cells when these were determined using attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy ...
Chen Jianyong - - 2010
We report herein the structure-based design of a class of conformationally constrained, potent, cell-permeable small-molecule inhibitors to target the SH2 domain in STAT3. Compound 11 (CJ-1383) binds to STAT3 with a K(i) value of 0.95 microM, dose-dependently inhibits cellular STAT3 signaling and cancer cell growth, and induces apoptosis in the ...
Forester Sarah C - - 2010
Gut microflora metabolize anthocyanins to phenolic acids and aldehydes. These metabolites may explain the relationship between anthocyanin consumption and reduced incidence of colon cancer. Here, all six major metabolites, along with a Cabernet Sauvignon anthocyanin extract, were incubated with Caco-2 cells at concentrations of 0-1000 microM over 72 h to ...
Zhang Nan - - 2010
A series of 2-(4-aminophenyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1,3-benzothiazol-7-ols have been developed as antitumor agents that showed high selectivity against aneuploid cell lines (vs diploid cell lines). Structure-activity relationship studies showed that a hydroxymethyl group at the 2-position of the phenyl ring increased potency and selectivity. A pyrrolidinyl group at the 4-position of the phenyl ...
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