Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2895
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Andres-Hernando Ana - - 2010
Chronic analgesic abuse has been shown to induce severe renal injury characterized by renal papillary necrosis (RPN), an injury detectable at late stage. While direct toxicity of the drug may exist, the molecular mechanisms underlying analgesics induction of RPN remain unknown. A major limitation to study the pathogenesis of RPN ...
Rudolf R - - 2012
The aim of this work was to study the cytotoxicity of different fractions of gold nanoparticles prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis from gold scrap. The target cells were rat thymocytes, as a type of nonproliferating cells, and L929 mouse fibroblasts, as a type of continuous proliferating cells. Fractions 1 and ...
Zhang Ting - - 2010
Two new eudesmane-type sesquiterpene lactones were isolated from the roots of Inula racemosa and their structures were elucidated as 3β-hydroxy-11α,13-dihydroalantolactone (1) and 11α-hydroxy-eudesm-5-en-8β,12-olide (2). Their cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines had been tested and compound 2 exhibited weak cytotoxic activity against BEL-7402 and HCT-8 cell lines. The ...
Aranha Andreza Maria Fábio - - 2010
This in vitro study evaluated the cytotoxicity of an experimental restorative composite resin subjected to different light-curing regimens. Forty round-shaped specimens were prepared and randomly assigned to four experimental groups (n=10), as follows: in Group 1, no light-curing; in Groups 2, 3 and 4, the composite resin specimens were light-cured ...
Male Keith B - - 2010
In an effort to develop a noninvasive method for assessment of cyanobacterial toxins in drinking water, plausible cytotoxicity/inhibition of microcystin-LR and cylindrospermopsin was evaluated by cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) using three different cell lines. Sf9 insect cells were attached to concanavalin A coated gold electrodes, whereas Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) ...
Van der Heggen Maarten - - 2010
The effect of Pb on Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell structure and function was examined. Membrane integrity was assessed by the release of UV-absorbing compounds and by the intracellular K(+) efflux. No leakage of UV(260)-absorbing compounds or loss of K(+) were observed in Pb (until 1,000 μmol/l) treated cells up to 30 ...
Pedrini Fernanda Spezia - - 2010
New compounds with biological targets and less cytotoxicity to normal cells are necessary for cancer therapy. In this work ten synthetic chalcones derived from 2-naphtaldehyde were evaluated for their cytotoxic effect in murine acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells L-1210. A series of ten chalcones derived from 2-naphtaldehyde and corresponding acetophenones were ...
Liu Wei - - 2010
This work investigated the cytotoxicities of three silver nanoparticles (SNPs) SNP-5, SNP-20 and SNP-50 with different sizes ( approximately 5 nm, approximately 20 nm and approximately 50 nm) using four human cell models (A549, SGC-7901, HepG2 and MCF-7). Endpoints included cell morphology, cell viability, cellular membrane integrity, oxidative stress and ...
Rabolli Virginie - - 2010
Identifying the physico-chemical characteristics of nanoparticles (NPs) that drive their toxic activity is the key to conducting hazard assessment and guiding the design of safer nanomaterials. Here we used a set of 17 stable suspensions of monodisperse amorphous silica nanoparticles (SNPs) with selected variations in size (diameter, 2-335 nm), surface ...
Pati Hari N - - 2010
A series of 1,3-diaryl-2-propenones 2a-j and analogous 2-benzylidene-1,3-indandiones 3a-j were evaluated against various neoplasms and normal cells. In general, greater cytotoxic potencies and selective toxicity to human malignant cells were observed by the compounds in series 2 rather than 3. In particular, 2i emerged as a lead molecule having an ...
Shin Hye Kyung - - 2010
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the commonest malignant disorders and frequently associated with high expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), resulting in advanced disease and a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of the selective EGFR inhibitor cetuximab in human CRC cell lines. Four ...
Cvikl B - - 2011
To investigate whether zoledronate (ZOL) can cause a cytotoxic response in dental pulp-derived cells (DPCs) in vitro. Cell activity was assessed utilizing MTT tests, (3) [H]thymidine, and (3) [H]leucine incorporation assays in human DPCs in response to ZOL. Cell activity assays were also preformed on calcium phosphate-coated plates. Cell death ...
Toyama Takashi - - 2010
We examined the contribution of carbon monoxide (CO), an enzymatic product of heme oxygenase (HO), to methylmercury (MeHg) cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells, because this gas molecule is reported to activate Nrf2, which plays a protective role against MeHg-mediated cell damage. Exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to CO gas resulted in protection ...
Gehring Sonja - - 2011
Statins are inhibitors of the cholesterol synthesis pathway with pleiotropic effects, while thiazolidinediones (TDZ) are peroxisomal proliferator activator receptor γ (PPAR-γ) agonists with potent proapoptotic activity. For both groups of substances a cytotoxic effect against several human tumors is presumed. Direct comparison of several statins and TDZ has not been ...
Hirano Seishiro - - 2010
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are cytotoxic to several cell types. However, the mechanism of CNT toxicity has not been fully studied, and dosimetric analyses of CNT in the cell culture system are lacking. Here, we describe a novel, high throughput method to measure cellular uptake of CNT using turbimetry. BEAS-2B, a ...
Hashimoto Kiyohiro - - 2011
In the OECD Guideline 487, a total of four extended exposure treatment conditions are proposed for the in vitro micronucleus (MNvit) assay in the presence and absence of a cytokinesis block and with or without a recovery period. This guideline also states that rodent cell lines and human lymphocytes can ...
Yang Su Hui - - 2010
Various substituted 3-aryl-1-isoquinolinamines were designed and synthesized based on the previously constructed CoMFA model. Most of the synthesized compounds showed excellent potency in eight different human tumor cell lines as expected. In order to find the exact cytotoxic mechanism of these 3-aryl-1-isoquinolinamines, we analyzed the cell cycle dynamics by flow ...
da Silva Bruna Polacchine - - 2010
Leishmaniasis is one of the major infectious diseases affecting the poorest regions of the world. The present study evaluated the antileishmanial activity of a guaianolide purified from the hydroalcoholic extract of aerial parts of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz Bip. The isolated compound showed activity against the promastigote form of Leishmania ...
Hasima Noor - - 2010
Medicinal plants containing active natural compounds have been used as an alternative treatment for cancer patients in many parts of the world especially in Asia (Itharat et al. 2004). In this report, we describe the cytotoxic and apoptotic properties of 1'S-1'-acetoxyeugenol acetate (AEA), an analogue of 1'S-1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA), isolated ...
Zeng Xiu-Xiu - - 2010
Novel thienopyridine derivatives 1b-1r were synthesized, based on a hit compound 1a that was found in a previous cell-based screening of anticancer drugs. Compounds 1a-1r have the following features: (1) their anticancer activity in vitro was first reported by our group. (2) The most potent analog 1g possesses hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Gerashchenko Bogdan I - - 2010
Radiosensitization of mammalian cells by heat is believed to involve the inhibition of repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The Mre11 complex (composed of Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1) is involved in DSB repair and forms foci at sites of radiation-induced DSBs. Heat induces the translocation of a significant amount of ...
Lam Rosanna Y Y - - 2010
To investigate the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of hyperpigmentation problems, extracts of herbs selected based on traditional Chinese medical literature were screened. Forty extracts were extracted from 10 selected herbs using hexane, dichloromethane, methanol and water. They were then screened using melan-a cells, an immortalized ...
Richter Patricia A - - 2010
Cytotoxic properties of tobacco smoke are associated with chronic tobacco-related diseases. The cytotoxicity of tobacco smoke can be tested with short-term predictive assays. In this study, we compare eight mainstream cigarette smoke condensates (CSCs) from commercial and experimental cigarettes in three different cytotoxicity assays with unique and overlapping endpoints. The ...
Yan Ye - - 2011
The aims of this study were to isolate sesquiterpene compounds from the largehead atractylodes rhizome (LAR) and to investigate their effects on B16 cancer cells. A total of 8 sesquiterpenes from LAR were identified, of which eudesm-4 (15), 7-diene-9α, 11-diol (7) was isolated for the first time. All 8 compounds ...
Nestor Marika - - 2011
The monoclonal antibody cetuximab, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is a promising molecular targeting agent to be used in combination with radiation for anticancer therapy. In this study, effects of cetuximab in combination with alpha-emitting radioimmunotherapy (RIT) in a panel of cultured human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) were ...
Wada Koji - - 2011
The cytotoxicity of three alkaloids from the roots of Aconitum yesoense var. macroyesoense as well as 36 semi-synthetic C(20)-diterpenoid atisine-type alkaloid derivatives against A549 human lung carcinoma cells was examined. Ten acylated alkaloid derivatives, pseudokobusine 11-veratroate (9), 11-anisoate (12), 6,11-dianisoate (14), 11-p-nitrobenzoate (18), 11,15-di-p-nitrobenzoate (22), 11-cinnamate (25) and 11-m-trifluoromethylbenzoate (27), ...
Bae Won-Jung - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the cellular effects of newly developed calcium phosphate-based sealers (CAPSEAL I and II) using cultured human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs) compared with epoxy resin sealer (AH26; Dentsply, DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany), zinc oxide eugenol [ZOE] sealer (extended working time [EWT]; Kerr Corporation, Orange, ...
Feliu Lidia - - 2010
Antimicrobial peptides have been considered as potential candidates for cancer therapy. We report here the cytotoxicity of a library of 66 antibacterial cyclodecapeptides on human carcinoma cell lines, and their effects on apoptosis [as assessed by cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)] and cell signaling proteins (p53 and ERK1/2) in cultured ...
Yoon Il Sang - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease featured by selective loss of substantia nigra neurons. Rotenone administration in animals induces neurodegeneration accompanied by α-synuclein-positive Lewy body-like inclusions, recapturing typical histopathological features of PD. In an effort to screen for small-molecule agents to reverse rotenone-induced cytotoxicity, we developed and validated a ...
Zhao Yu - - 2012
A novel series of 4β-[(4-substituted) aroylthiourea] derivatives of podophyllotoxin were synthesized and their abilities to inhibit the growth of cancer cells were investigated by MTT assay. Compound 4a possessed the highest cytotoxicity on HepG2, A549 and HCT-116 cancer cell lines with the IC(50) values of 0.1 μM. Apoptosis in HCT-116 cells ...
Xiong Xiang Yuan - - 2012
In order to prepare targeted drug carriers, previously a biotin group has been attached by our group to the end of Pluronic F87/poly(lactic acid) and Pluronic P85/poly(lactic acid) block co-polymers to obtain B-F87-PLA and B-P85-PLA, respectively. In this paper, the active targeting properties of B-F87-PLA and B-P85-PLA nanoparticles in vitro ...
Makiyama Tomohiko - - 2010
Ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) regulates cellular functions including arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and modulates cell fate. The mechanism by which C1P is taken up is unclear, and the development of lipophilic analogs may be useful for regulating C1P's actions. We synthesized new mono- and di-methyl-ester (MM and DM, respectively) analogs of C1P ...
Pérez Martín José Manuel JM Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, - - 2010
Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate, commonly referred to as propylparaben, is the most frequently used preservative to inhibit microbial growth and extend shelf life of a range of consumer products. The objective of this study was to provide further insight into the toxicological profile of this compound, because of the current discrepancy in ...
Wang Tao T Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Nanomedicine, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
Polymeric micelles are used as pharmaceutical carriers to increase solubility and bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs. Different ligands are used to prepare targeted polymeric micelles. Earlier, we developed the method for use of specific landscape phage fusion coat proteins as targeted delivery ligands and demonstrated the efficiency of this approach ...
Metwally Kamel - - 2010
As part of our ongoing research effort to develop new antimitotic agents based on the recently reported pyrimido[4,5-c]quinoline-1(2H)-one ring skeleton, we were interested in identifying structural elements that contribute to the cytotoxicity of this class of compounds. The effect of several quinoline-ring substituents was examined and the new compounds were ...
MacDonald Chris - - 2010
The aim of this study was to use different toxicity indices to investigate the effect of N, N-Dimethylacetamide (DMA), Polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400), Methyl-Pyrrolidone/aromatic hydrocarbon (MPH), Cremophor((R)) EL, and Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) on Calu-3 cells. Membrane perturbation and cytotoxicity were investigated using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), 3-[4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolinium bromide ...
Gasparri Fabio - - 2010
Informa Life Sciences' Fifth Annual Conference on Cell-Based Assays, held in Cologne, Germany, included topics covering new technical developments in the field of cell-based assays. This conference report highlights selected presentations on cell-based assays for compound screening and 3D cell-based assays.
Barbosa Luiz Cláudio Almeida - - 2010
A series of twelve 2,5-bis(alkylamino)-1,4-benzoquinones were prepared in yields ranging from 9-58% via the reaction between p-benzoquinone and various amines. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR and MS analyses. The phytotoxicity of the 2,5-bis(alkylamino)-1,4-benzoquinones was evaluated against two crop species, Cucumis sativus and ...
Zandi K - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antitumor drug resistance and side effects of antitumor compounds are the most common problems in medicine. Therefore, finding new antitumor agents with low side effects could be interesting. This study was designed to assay antitumor activity of the extract from brown alga Sargassum oligocystum, gathered from Persian ...
Vorster Chris - - 2010
In the search for new and improved anticancer therapies, researchers have identified several potentially useful compounds. One of these agents is 2-methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate (2ME-BM), a sulphamoylated derivative of 2-methoxyestradiol. The objective of this study was to evaluate 2ME-BM's in vitro efficacy as antiproliferative agent in the MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cell line. ...
Zhang Weipeng - - 2010
The biomedical properties of novel biodegradable copoly(amino acid)s based on 6-aminocaproic acid and L-proline were analyzed in this article. The cytotoxicity of the copolymer films was tested in vitro using human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. The cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell apoptosis, and hemolysis of the polymers were also ...
Han Haiyong - - 2010
Safe and effective chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of pancreatic cancer remain elusive. We found that chalcone epoxides (1,3-diaryl-2,3-epoxypropanones) inhibited growth in two pancreatic cancer cell lines, BxPC-3 and MIA PaCa-2. Three compounds were active, with GI(50) values of 5.6 to 15.8 microM. Compound 4a, 1,3-bis-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2,3-epoxypropanone, had an average GI(50) ...
Morishige T - - 2010
Recent studies have indicated that amorphous silica particles (SPs) show cytotoxicity against various types of cells, including macrophages. However, the mechanism of cell death has not been determined, and systematic investigations of the relationship between particle characteristics and cytotoxicity are still quite limited. Here, we compared the cytotoxicity of SPs ...
Shaker Kamel H - - 2010
The new cembrane diterpene (3E,11E)-cembra-3,8(19),11,15-tetraene-7alpha-ol (1), nephthenol (2), and all-trans-peridinin (3) have been isolated from the soft coral Litophyton arboreum. The tetraterpene 3, (+)-7,8-epoxy-7,8-dihydrocembrene C (4), emblide (5), sarcophytoxide (6), sarcoglaucol-16-one (7), guajacophine (8), and 1,4-peroxymuurol-5-ene (9) have been obtained from the soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi. The compounds were characterized ...
Le Hegarat Ludovic - - 2010
Many chemical carcinogens require metabolic activation to form genotoxic compounds in human. Standard in vitro genotoxicity assays performed with activation systems, such as rat liver S9, are recognised to lead to a high number of false positives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of differentiated human ...
Gülden Michael - - 2010
Using C6 glioma cells in this study we investigated in detail how exposure time and cell concentration affect the cytotoxic potency of H(2)O(2) in vitro. Median cytotoxic concentrations (EC(50)) decreased from 500 to 30 μM with increasing incubation time from 1 to 24h. Twenty-four hours proved to be sufficient to ...
Scholz Anne-Kathrin - - 2010
Large-scale screens in mammalian cells demand for flexible high-throughput screening platforms that allow to analyze cellular traits on a genome-wide level or to identify small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) from complex compound libraries. In this study we developed and tested high-density cell arrays made out of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) that support cell growth ...
Majumder Anurima - - 2010
Somatic mutations in the Jak2 protein, such as V617F, cause aberrant Jak/STAT signaling and can lead to the development of myeloproliferative neoplasms. This discovery has led to the search for small molecule inhibitors that target Jak2. Using structure-based virtual screening, our group recently identified a novel small molecule inhibitor of ...
Viola Giampietro - - 2010
In this paper, we have investigated the mechanism of phototoxicity of fluvastatin, an 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, in human keratinocytes cell line NCTC-2544. Fluvastatin underwent rapid photodegradation upon Ultraviolet-A (UVA) irradiation in buffered aqueous solution as shown by the changes in absorption spectra. Interestingly, no isosbestic points were observed ...
Bharate Sandip B SB Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, - - 2010
The stability, hydrolysis, and uptake of the organophosphates methyl parathion and methyl paraoxon were investigated in SH-SY5Y cells. The stabilities of ((14)CH(3)O)(2)-methyl parathion ((14)C-MPS) and ((14)CH(3)O)(2)-methyl paraoxon ((14)C-MPO) at 1 microM in culture media had similar half-lives of 91.7 and 101.9 h, respectively. However, 100 microM MPO caused >95% cytotoxicity ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >