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Results 551 - 600 of 2895
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Ma Yingxin - - 2011
Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) plays key roles in energy metabolism and mitochondrial functions. However, there has been little information regarding the effect of NADH on cell survival. In this study we determined the effect of NADH treatment on the survival of glioma cells. We found that treatment of C6 ...
Jedrych Elzbieta - - 2011
A hybrid PDMS/glass microfluidic system for evaluation of the efficiency of photodynamic therapy is presented. 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was used as a precursor of photosensitizer. The geometry of the microdevice presented in this paper enables to test different concentrations of the photosensitizer in a single assay. The viability of the ...
Kouidhi Bochra - - 2010
Propolis is a multifunctional substance used by bees to maintain the safety of their hives. It is worldwide used for its potential therapeutic effects. In this study, Tunisian propolis ethanol extract (EEP) was tested for their anti-cariogenic, anti-biofilms and antiproliferative effects of many cell lines. The Tunisian EEP was evaluated ...
Song Wenhua - - 2010
With large-scale production and wide application of nanoscale ZnO, its health hazard has attracted extensive worldwide attention. In this study, cytotoxicity of different sized and shaped ZnO nanoparticles in mouse macrophage Ana-1 was investigated. And contribution of dissolved Zn(2+) and ROS in toxicity of ZnO particles was analyzed. The results ...
Nawaz Haq - - 2010
The study of the interaction of anticancer drugs with mammalian cells in vitro is important to elucidate the mechanisms of action of the drug on its biological targets. In this context, Raman spectroscopy is a potential candidate for high throughput, non-invasive analysis. To explore this potential, the interaction of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) ...
Mei Xin - - 2011
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been detected in some commercial teas around the world and pose a threat to tea consumers. However, green tea polyphenols (GTP) possess remarkable antioxidant and anticancer effects. In this study, the potential of GTP to block the toxicity of the model PAH phenanthrene was examined ...
Posser Thaís - - 2011
Diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)(2) is a synthetic organoselenium compound displaying glutathione peroxidase-like activity. Protective and antioxidant potential of (PhSe)(2) have been extensively investigated in in vivo and in vitro studies. In spite of this, there is a lack of studies addressed to the investigation of potential cytotoxic effect and signaling pathways ...
Cai W W Division of Hematology-Oncology, MS#119, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, - - 2010
The combination of temozolomide (TMZ) and irinotecan is a regimen used in neuroblastoma patients with recurrent disease. O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) may have a function in resistance to TMZ. Using neuroblastoma pre-clinical models, we determined whether the inhibition of MGMT by O(6)-benzylguanine (O6-BG) could enhance the anti-tumour activity of TMZ and ...
You Jianlan - - 2010
Indinavir, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitor, inhibits the growth of tumor cells in vivo but does not show any cytotoxicity against cancer cells in vitro. To optimize the anticancer activity of indinavir, two novel analogs, CH05-0 and CH05-10, were synthesized. CH05-10 was much more cytotoxic than indinavir and ...
Streitbuerger Arne - - 2011
The wide surgical tumour resection is the only effective treatment in chondrosarcoma. However, a major problem remains the high rate of local recurrences and metastases due to the lack of adjuvant therapies. In this study the cytotoxic effect of the bisphosphonate clodronate (0.1-1000 μM) and zoledronate (0.1-1000 μM) in different ...
Cheung F W K - - 2010
Our previous studies have demonstrated the oxidative stress properties of sodium ascorbate (SAA) and its benzaldehyde derivative (SBA) on cancer cell lines, but the molecular mechanisms mediating their cytotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we treated human colon cancer HT-29 cells with SAA and SBA, and found a significant exposure ...
Mahmoud Khaled A - - 2010
Probing of cellular uptake and cytotoxicity was conducted for two fluorescent cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs): CNC-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and newly synthesized CNC-rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RBITC). The positively charged CNC-RBITC was uptaken by human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) and Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells without affecting the cell membrane integrity. The cell ...
Xu Wen - - 2010
Two new lignans (1 and 2) were isolated from the EtOH extracts of the stem of Schima superba, and elucidated as (7R,8S)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-O-(2-methoxy-4-omegahydroxypropylphenyl)propane-1,3-diol (1) and threo-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-methoxy-2-{4-[1-formyl-(E)-vinyl]-2-methoxyphenoxy}-3-propanol (2) by spectral analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed cell growth inhibitory activity against HeLa, CNE, HepG-2, and HEp-2 cell lines. Compound 1 exhibited significant ...
Dai Zhaoli - - 2010
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is known to possess anticancer activities. The effects of a standardized extract of pomegranate (PE) on a mouse mammary cancer cell line (designated WA4) derived from mouse MMTV-Wnt-1 mammary tumors were examined in this study. The WA4 cell line has been previously characterized as containing a ...
Uzunoglu Selim - - 2010
This study compared the two different commercially available in vitro viability assays: XTT and Alamar blue (AB), to detect anti-proliferative effects of AT-101, a cotton plant extract, on six different human carcinoma cell lines including: prostate (PC-3 and DU-145), breast (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231), and ovary (OVCAR-3 and MDAH 2774) in ...
Wang Kung-Liahng - - 2010
The purity and the therapeutic effectiveness of the generic paclitaxel have not yet been examined and compared to the original brand form. This study aimed to compare the in vitro purity and biological effects of original brand form (Taxol) and a generic drug of paclitaxel. Purity was determined by high-performance ...
Pichichero Elena - - 2010
Honey has long been used in medicine for different purposes. Only recently, however, its antioxidant property and preventive effects against different diseases, such as cancer, have been highlighted. Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a natural flavone commonly found in acacia honey. It has previously been shown to be an anti-tumor agent. In ...
Lin Jun - - 2010
Glioblastoma is a deadly primary brain tumor with great resistance to radiotherapy. To reverse its radioresistance is important for improving prognosis. Gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSI) have been proven to have anti-tumor effects, yet the knowledge of their influences on glioblastomas is still limited. The cytotoxic effects of GSI-I (a tripeptide GSI) ...
Kim JinPyo - - 2010
To investigate the adipogenesis inhibitory effect on lipid accumulation, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with fractions and isolated flavonoids of Spirodela polyrhiza. An ethanol extract of S. polyrhiza was fractionated into three fractions. The butanol soluble fraction (SPB) exhibited potent antiadipogenesis activity and decreased C/EBPα and PPARγ protein expression level in ...
Ho Shu-Te - - 2010
This study reports the use of single-crystalline and well-aligned ZnO nanowires as photoanode material for dye-sensitized solar cells. The ZnO nanowires are grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide coated glass substrates without catalysts by thermal evaporation. In spite of low roughness factors of around 25 for the nanowire photoanodes, the fabricated ...
Angelieri F - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate DNA damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells from individuals following radiography. Lateral and frontal cephalometric X-ray and panoramic dental X-rays were taken of a total of 18 healthy patients (6 male and 12 ...
Pavelić Sandra Kraljević - - 2010
Several published studies suggest that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are promising anticancer agents. This study examined the in vitro effect of O-alkylated NSAID hydroxamic acid derivatives 3a-i on cell survival for a panel of human tumour cell lines, their cytotoxicity on normal human fibroblasts and their antiviral activity. Established methods ...
Jaszewska E - - 2010
The purpose of the study was a comparison of Oenothera paradoxa Hudziok defatted seeds extract (EPE) effect with the activity of individual constituents of the extract: pentagalloylglucose (PGG), gallic acid, (+)-catechin and the procyanidin fraction, as well as an assessment of the combined effect of EPE and vincristine (VCR) in ...
Tibodeau Jennifer D JD Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2010
In pursuit of the anticancer effects of seeds of the rain forest plant Bixa orellana (annatto), we found that its constituent cis-bixin induced cytotoxicity in a wide variety of tumor cell lines (IC(50) values from 10 to 50 microM, 24-h exposures) and, importantly, also selectively killed freshly collected patient multiple ...
Ping Szu-Yuan - - 2012
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-refractory generated a high risk to patients with bladder cancer during treatment. Tyrosine kinase receptor (TKR) and TKR-mediated signal transduction pathways play an important role in tumor initiation, maintenance, angiogenesis, and vascular proliferation. Theoretically, it is helpful in adjuvant treatment for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Hence, we proposed ...
Chiarini Francesca - - 2010
Recent findings have highlighted that constitutively active phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), where it upregulates cell proliferation, survival, and drug resistance. These observations lend compelling weight to the application of PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitors in the therapy of T-ALL. ...
Stitt-Fischer Molly S MS Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219-3138, - - 2010
Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) are extremely sensitive to oxygen, mediated by superoxide production. Ionizing radiation is known to generate superoxide in oxygenated aqueous media; however, at systemic oxygen levels (3%), no oxygen enhancement is observed after irradiation. A number of markers (cell growth, alamarBlue, mitochondrial membrane polarization) for ...
Zhang Chao - - 2010
Failure to cure many cancers once they are disseminated has been attributed to the presence of resistant cancer stem cells. Cantharidin, a natural compound isolated from the beetles and other insects has been traditionally used as anticancer agent, but limited by its significant toxicity. It has shown that cantharidin can ...
Chou Tsung-Hsien - - 2010
Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of six new tetrahydroflavanones, cryptochinones A-F (1-6), from the neutral CHCl(3) fraction of Cryptocarya chinensis leaves, together with 14 known compounds (7-20). The structures of these new compounds were determined through spectroscopic analyses, including 2D-NMR, MS, CD, and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Among the isolates, ...
Ramanadham Madduri - - 2010
Levamisole has been employed as an immunomodulatory agent in conjunction with 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of colon cancer relapse. At high doses, levamisole has been shown to have both anti-cancer and immunosuppressive activities. In vitro, levamisole has been shown to potentiate the anti-proliferative effect of 5-fluorouracil in several types of ...
Ogata-Ikeda Ikuko - - 2011
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) is a popular ingredient in herbal teas. In previous study, micromolar bisabololoxide A, one of main constituents in German chamomile, exerted cytotoxic action on rat thymocyte, a normal non-proliferative cell. This result prompted us to study the effect of bisabololoxide A on proliferative cancer cells ...
Quadros Edward V - - 2010
Cellular uptake of cobalamin (Cbl) occurs by endocytosis of transcobalamin saturated with Cbl by the transcobalamin receptor (TCblR/CD320). The cell cycle-associated overexpression of this receptor in many cancer cells provides a suitable target for delivering chemotherapeutic drugs and cytotoxic molecules to these cells while minimizing the effect on the normal ...
Movia Dania - - 2010
The in vitro toxic response of spiropyrans in cellular models has not been previously addressed, despite the fact that such photoswitchable molecules have shown great potential as versatile and tunable components for bionanodevices and imaging agents. In this study, we examine the cytotoxic effects of a spiropyran, namely, 8-methoxy-6-nitro-BIPS (1',3'-dihydro-1'-ethanol-3',3'-dimethyl-8-methoxy-6-nitro-spiro(2H-1-benzopyran-2,2'-(2H)-indole) ...
Bourthoumieu S - - 2010
It is important to determine the possible effects of exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation on the genetic material of cells since damage to the DNA of somatic cells may be linked to cancer development or cell death and damage to germ cells may lead to genetic damage in next and ...
Fiori Jessica - - 2011
Guaiazulene (GA) is widely used as a natural ingredient in many health care products and solutions. Although it has been reported to have interesting biological effects, GA and azulene derivatives have been proven to be cytotoxic against normal human cells and human tumor cells; moreover, guaiazulene has shown photomutagenic properties ...
Pilloni Martina - - 2010
High energy ball milling (HEBM) has been used for the first time to prepare PEGylated magnetite-silica (Fe(3)O(4)-SiO(2)) nanocomposites intended to be used for biological purposes. Surface amine groups were introduced by a silanization reaction involving 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTS) followed by PEGylation to yield long-term stable and stealth nanocomposites of 200nm ...
Backorová M - - 2011
One of the ways for searching for potentially new anti-cancer drugs is the testing of various naturally synthesized compounds. Lichens are a source of unique chemical agents of which some have already been proved to be effective against various cancer in vitro models. Our study reports on the sensitivity of ...
Lessa Josane A - - 2010
2-acetylpyridine N(4)-phenyl thiosemicarbazone (H2Ac4Ph), and its N(4)-ortho-tolyl (H2Ac4oT), N(4)-meta-tolyl (H2Ac4mT), N(4)-para-tolyl (H2Ac4pT), N(4)-ortho-chlorophenyl (H2Ac4oClPh), N(4)-meta-chlorophenyl (H2Ac4mClPh) and N(4)-para-chlorophenyl (H2Ac4pClPh) derivatives were assayed for their cytotoxicity against RT2 (expressing p53 protein) and against T98 (expressing mutant p53 protein) glioma cells. The compounds were highly cytotoxic against RT2 (IC50=24-1.4 nM) and T98 ...
Queiroz Maria-João R P - - 2010
A wide variety of new bi(hetero)aryl derivatives of the thieno[3,2-b]pyridine skeleton was obtained in high to excellent yields (65-91%) by Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of the methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate, recently reported by us, with aryl or heteroaryl pinacolboranes or potassium trifluoroborates. The coupling products obtained were evaluated for their growth inhibitory effect on ...
Clark Cheryl A - - 2010
Curcumin appears to be a safe, bioactive food compound that is a potential chemopreventive for patients at a high risk for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Identification and validation of intermediate endpoints is an important step in evaluating chemopreventive agents. AKT/MTOR pathway biomarkers are intrinsic to the carcinogenic ...
Lai Yisheng - - 2010
A series of novel furoxan-based nitric oxide (NO)-releasing derivatives of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-tumor liver cells. Five furoxan/GA hybrids, 7b-d, 7f, and 7g, displayed potent cytotoxicity against HCC cells (IC(50): 0.25-1.10 μM against BEL-7402 ...
Das Swagatika - - 2010
The concept of sequential cytotoxicity, which states that successive chemical attacks on cellular constituents can be more deleterious to neoplasms than normal cells, was evaluated using a series of 3,5-bis(benzylidene)-1-diethylphosphono-4-oxopiperidines 1 and related phosphonic acids 2, which were screened against a panel of malignant and normal cell lines. The compounds ...
Rakotonandrasana Olga L OL Laboratoire de Biothérapeutique, Institut Malgache des Recherches Appliquées, BP 3833, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar, and Centre de Recherche de Gif, Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, - - 2010
In a screening program directed to the discovery of new anticancer agents from Madagascan plants, ethyl acetate extracts of Croton barorum and C. goudotii showed strong cytotoxic activity, with 100% inhibition at 10 μg/mL in a primary screen using the murine lymphocytic leukemia P388 cell line. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to ...
Kalam Yasmean - - 2011
Acanthophis genus (i.e. death adders) and the Naja genus (i.e. cobras) belong to the family elapidae. The current study compared the in vitro cytotoxicity of venoms from four Acanthophis spp. and three Naja spp. on rat aortic smooth muscle cells, A7r5, and rat skeletal muscle cells, L6. The ability of ...
Siddiqui Akhtar A Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA 71209-0497, United - - 2010
In this study, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) loaded with MBO-asGCS oligonucleotide were prepared, characterized and evaluated for cytotoxicity against NCI/ADR-RES human ovary cancer cells. Two types of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) stabilized SLN, with or without ceramide VI, were prepared by mixed homogenization/ultrasonication technique. Complexes were characterized for size, zeta-potential, ...
Sun Haiying H Comprehensive Cancer Center and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2010
A series of compounds were designed and synthesized as antagonists of cIAP-1/2 and XIAP based upon our previously identified lead compound SM-122 (1). The most potent of these (7) binds to XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2 proteins with K(i) values of 36, <1, and <1.9 nM, respectively. Consistent with its potent ...
Zheng Yunquan - - 2010
Six pigments were separated from Monascus product, and some derivatives were chemically synthesized. The cytotoxicity of different Monascus pigments to various human cancer cells (SH-SY5Y, HepG2, HT-29, BGC-823, AGS, and MKN45) was evaluated. Rubropunctatin showed the greatest anticancer effect within the tested compounds. The inhibition effect of rubropunctatin was higher ...
Cappella Paolo - - 2010
Analysis of cell cycle progression by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation is commonly used for evaluating the mode of action of anticancer drugs, but usually requires a high number of cells and large amounts of monoclonal antibodies. In addition, manual sample handling is not suitable for high throughput. To circumvent these limitations, ...
Ostacolo Luisanna - - 2010
In this paper we have investigated the behavior of core-shell poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-PCL) micelles derived from copolymers with linear triblock (TR) and 4-arm star-diblock (ST) architectures for the delivery of docetaxel (DTX). DTX was loaded inside micelles (DTX-TR(m) and DTX-ST(m)) with high efficiency and released slowly for more than two ...
Unlu Mehmet - - 2010
The essential oil from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume was analyzed by GC-MS and bioassays were carried out. Nine constituents representing 99.24% of the oil were identified by GC-MS. The major compounds in the oil were (E)-cinnamaldehyde (68.95%), benzaldehyde (9.94%) and (E)-cinnamyl acetate (7.44%). The antimicrobial activity of the ...
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