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Results 501 - 550 of 2861
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Mao Qi-Qi - - 2010
Resveratrol, which is highly concentrated in the skin of grapes and is abundant in red wine, has been demonstrated to account for several beneficial properties, including antioxidant, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. Taxol is a microtubule-stabilizing drug that has been extensively used as effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of ...
Geletneky Karsten - - 2010
The prognosis of malignant brain tumors remains extremely bad in spite of moderate improvements of conventional treatments. A promising alternative approach is the use of oncolytic viruses. Strategies to improve viral toxicity include the combination of oncolytic viruses with standard therapies. Parvovirus H-1 (H-1PV) is an oncolytic virus with proven ...
Varela-Ramirez Armando - - 2011
In this report, we have tested the cytotoxicity of two organotin (OT) compounds by flow cytometry on a panel of immortalized cancer cell lines of human and murine origin. Although the OT compounds exhibited varying levels of cytotoxicity, diphenylmethyltin chloride was more toxic than 1,4-bis (diphenylchlorostannyl)p-xylene on all cell lines ...
Belguesmia Yanath - - 2011
Very few studies have been reported on the cytotoxicity and impact of bacteriocins, and especially enterocins, upon eukaryotic cells. In order to gain more information on the safety of bacteriocins, we focused this study on enterocin S37, a bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecalis S37. We observed dose-dependent cytotoxicity toward undifferentiated ...
Lee Kwan-Yong - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether single or combined radio frequency (RF) radiation exposure has effects on the cell cycle and its regulatory proteins. Exposure of MCF7 cells to either single (837 MHz) or combined (837 and 1950 MHz) RF radiation was conducted at specific absorption rate values of ...
Zhao Guoping - - 2011
The literature on the impact of strong static magnetic fields (SMF) on human health is vast and contradictory. The present study focused on the cellular effects of strong homogeneous SMF in human-hamster hybrid (A(L) ) cells, mitochondria-deficient (ρ(0) A(L) ) cells, and double-strand break (DSB) repair-deficient (XRS-5) cells. Adenosine triphosphate ...
Garg Madhu B - - 2011
Oxaliplatin (OHP) in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (FOLFOX) is clinically used as frontline therapy in patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma (CRC), with response rates ranging from 46 to 71%. This combination is now considered a standard treatment for metastatic CRC and also in the post-operative adjuvant setting. Reversible, cumulative, peripheral sensory ...
Vela Gurovic M Soledad - - 2011
Natural occurring compounds are considered an important source of antitumoral agents. In the present study, the cytotoxic potential of three pentacyclic triterpenes isolated from Chuquiraga erinacea (Asteraceae), against the human leukemic cell lines NB4 and K562 was assessed. Heliantriol B2 (HB2) showed the highest cytotoxic activity after 24 h treatment ...
Minorics Renáta - - 2011
There is increasing evidence of the direct antiproliferative effects of various steroidal structures, including cardenolides, steroidal alkaloids and sexual hormones. The aim of the present study was to characterize the antiproliferative effects of three synthetic solanidine analogs (1-3) on HL-60 human leukemia cells. The three compounds exerted similar cytostatic effects ...
Cek Sehriban - - 2011
The gonadal structure and cycle of the Leguminaia whaetleyi is described for the first time indicating that 5% of this species is simultaneous hermaphrodite. A total of 420 individuals were collected in monthly samples from October 2008 to September 2009 in Gölbaşı Lake, Turkey. Calculation of the condition index and ...
Benitez Lisianne Brittes - - 2011
The effectiveness of a bacteriocin-like substance (BLS) produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens was tested against Acanthamoeba polyphaga strains, and its cytotoxic potential on Vero cells was investigated. Amebicidal activity of the purified BLS was tested by plate bioassays with concentrations ranging from 12.5 to 6,400 AU mL(-1). Damage to A. pholyphaga cells was ...
Fang Zhanxiong - - 2010
A class of polyenylpyrroles and their analogues were designed from a hit compound identified in a fungus. The compounds synthesized were evaluated for their cell cytotoxicity against human non-small-cell lung carcinoma cell lines A549. Two compounds were found to exhibit high cytotoxicity against A549 cells with IC(50) of 0.6 and ...
Vijayalakshmi Nirmalkumar - - 2010
In this work, carboxyl-terminated PAMAM G-3.5 was covalently attached to SN38 via glycine and β-alanine spacers. The conjugates were stable at pH 7.4 and moderately hydrolyzed in cell culture media and rat plasma. Similarly to SN38 but to a lesser extent, both conjugates inhibited proliferation of human colorectal cancer HCT-116 ...
Wu Jinhui - - 2011
The emergence of combinatorial chemistries and the increased discovery of natural compounds have led to the production of expansive libraries of drug candidates and vast numbers of compounds with potentially interesting biological activities. Despite broad interest in high throughput screening (HTS) across varied fields of biological research, there has not ...
Bouallagui Zouhaier - - 2011
Throughout the history, olive (Olea europea L.) leaves have been heavily exploited for the prevention or the treatment of hypertension, carcinogenesis, diabetes, atherosclerosis and so many other traditional therapeutic uses. These activities are thought to be the output of olive micronutrients especially polyphenols. Hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein are considered as major ...
Baker Joseph F - - 2011
We aimed to assess the effect on chondrocyte viability of adding magnesium to a variety of commonly available local anesthetic agents. Human chondrocytes were grown under standard culture conditions. Cells were exposed to a local anesthetic agent with the addition of magnesium (10%, 20%, or 50%). Cells were also exposed ...
Migita Satoshi - - 2010
Live cell-based sensors potentially provide functional information about the cytotoxic effect of reagents on various signaling cascades. Cells transfected with a reporter vector derived from a cytotoxic response promoter can be used as intelligent cytotoxicity sensors (i.e., sensor cells). We have combined sensor cells and a microfluidic cell culture system ...
Boal Frédéric F Cell Biology Laboratories, School of Biochemistry, Medical Sciences Building, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, - - 2010
Brefeldin A-mediated inhibition of ADP ribosylation factor (Arf) GTPases and their guanine nucleotide exchange factors, Arf-GEFs, has been a cornerstone of membrane trafficking research for many years. Brefeldin A (BFA) is relatively non-selective inhibiting at least three targets in human cells, Golgi brefeldin A resistance factor 1 (GBF1), brefeldin A ...
Benites Julio - - 2010
Several members of the phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinone series were prepared in order to investigate structure-activity relationships (SAR) and to explore the antitumor effects associated with this scaffold. The cytotoxic effects of the aminoquinones (EC50) against a panel of cancer cell lines (MCF7, DU145 and T24 cells) and healthy fibroblasts (BALB/3T3) were assessed ...
Ma Yingxin - - 2011
Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) plays key roles in energy metabolism and mitochondrial functions. However, there has been little information regarding the effect of NADH on cell survival. In this study we determined the effect of NADH treatment on the survival of glioma cells. We found that treatment of C6 ...
Jedrych Elzbieta - - 2011
A hybrid PDMS/glass microfluidic system for evaluation of the efficiency of photodynamic therapy is presented. 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was used as a precursor of photosensitizer. The geometry of the microdevice presented in this paper enables to test different concentrations of the photosensitizer in a single assay. The viability of the ...
Kouidhi Bochra - - 2010
Propolis is a multifunctional substance used by bees to maintain the safety of their hives. It is worldwide used for its potential therapeutic effects. In this study, Tunisian propolis ethanol extract (EEP) was tested for their anti-cariogenic, anti-biofilms and antiproliferative effects of many cell lines. The Tunisian EEP was evaluated ...
Song Wenhua - - 2010
With large-scale production and wide application of nanoscale ZnO, its health hazard has attracted extensive worldwide attention. In this study, cytotoxicity of different sized and shaped ZnO nanoparticles in mouse macrophage Ana-1 was investigated. And contribution of dissolved Zn(2+) and ROS in toxicity of ZnO particles was analyzed. The results ...
Nawaz Haq - - 2010
The study of the interaction of anticancer drugs with mammalian cells in vitro is important to elucidate the mechanisms of action of the drug on its biological targets. In this context, Raman spectroscopy is a potential candidate for high throughput, non-invasive analysis. To explore this potential, the interaction of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) ...
Mei Xin - - 2011
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been detected in some commercial teas around the world and pose a threat to tea consumers. However, green tea polyphenols (GTP) possess remarkable antioxidant and anticancer effects. In this study, the potential of GTP to block the toxicity of the model PAH phenanthrene was examined ...
Posser Thaís - - 2011
Diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)(2) is a synthetic organoselenium compound displaying glutathione peroxidase-like activity. Protective and antioxidant potential of (PhSe)(2) have been extensively investigated in in vivo and in vitro studies. In spite of this, there is a lack of studies addressed to the investigation of potential cytotoxic effect and signaling pathways ...
Cai W - - 2010
The combination of temozolomide (TMZ) and irinotecan is a regimen used in neuroblastoma patients with recurrent disease. O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) may have a function in resistance to TMZ. Using neuroblastoma pre-clinical models, we determined whether the inhibition of MGMT by O(6)-benzylguanine (O6-BG) could enhance the anti-tumour activity of TMZ and ...
You Jianlan - - 2010
Indinavir, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitor, inhibits the growth of tumor cells in vivo but does not show any cytotoxicity against cancer cells in vitro. To optimize the anticancer activity of indinavir, two novel analogs, CH05-0 and CH05-10, were synthesized. CH05-10 was much more cytotoxic than indinavir and ...
Streitbuerger Arne - - 2011
The wide surgical tumour resection is the only effective treatment in chondrosarcoma. However, a major problem remains the high rate of local recurrences and metastases due to the lack of adjuvant therapies. In this study the cytotoxic effect of the bisphosphonate clodronate (0.1-1000 μM) and zoledronate (0.1-1000 μM) in different ...
Cheung F W K - - 2010
Our previous studies have demonstrated the oxidative stress properties of sodium ascorbate (SAA) and its benzaldehyde derivative (SBA) on cancer cell lines, but the molecular mechanisms mediating their cytotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we treated human colon cancer HT-29 cells with SAA and SBA, and found a significant exposure ...
Mahmoud Khaled A - - 2010
Probing of cellular uptake and cytotoxicity was conducted for two fluorescent cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs): CNC-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and newly synthesized CNC-rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RBITC). The positively charged CNC-RBITC was uptaken by human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) and Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells without affecting the cell membrane integrity. The cell ...
Xu Wen - - 2010
Two new lignans (1 and 2) were isolated from the EtOH extracts of the stem of Schima superba, and elucidated as (7R,8S)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-O-(2-methoxy-4-omegahydroxypropylphenyl)propane-1,3-diol (1) and threo-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-methoxy-2-{4-[1-formyl-(E)-vinyl]-2-methoxyphenoxy}-3-propanol (2) by spectral analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed cell growth inhibitory activity against HeLa, CNE, HepG-2, and HEp-2 cell lines. Compound 1 exhibited significant ...
Dai Zhaoli - - 2010
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is known to possess anticancer activities. The effects of a standardized extract of pomegranate (PE) on a mouse mammary cancer cell line (designated WA4) derived from mouse MMTV-Wnt-1 mammary tumors were examined in this study. The WA4 cell line has been previously characterized as containing a ...
Uzunoglu Selim - - 2010
This study compared the two different commercially available in vitro viability assays: XTT and Alamar blue (AB), to detect anti-proliferative effects of AT-101, a cotton plant extract, on six different human carcinoma cell lines including: prostate (PC-3 and DU-145), breast (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231), and ovary (OVCAR-3 and MDAH 2774) in ...
Wang Kung-Liahng - - 2010
The purity and the therapeutic effectiveness of the generic paclitaxel have not yet been examined and compared to the original brand form. This study aimed to compare the in vitro purity and biological effects of original brand form (Taxol) and a generic drug of paclitaxel. Purity was determined by high-performance ...
Pichichero Elena - - 2010
Honey has long been used in medicine for different purposes. Only recently, however, its antioxidant property and preventive effects against different diseases, such as cancer, have been highlighted. Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a natural flavone commonly found in acacia honey. It has previously been shown to be an anti-tumor agent. In ...
Lin Jun - - 2010
Glioblastoma is a deadly primary brain tumor with great resistance to radiotherapy. To reverse its radioresistance is important for improving prognosis. Gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSI) have been proven to have anti-tumor effects, yet the knowledge of their influences on glioblastomas is still limited. The cytotoxic effects of GSI-I (a tripeptide GSI) ...
Kim JinPyo - - 2010
To investigate the adipogenesis inhibitory effect on lipid accumulation, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with fractions and isolated flavonoids of Spirodela polyrhiza. An ethanol extract of S. polyrhiza was fractionated into three fractions. The butanol soluble fraction (SPB) exhibited potent antiadipogenesis activity and decreased C/EBPα and PPARγ protein expression level in ...
Ho Shu-Te - - 2010
This study reports the use of single-crystalline and well-aligned ZnO nanowires as photoanode material for dye-sensitized solar cells. The ZnO nanowires are grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide coated glass substrates without catalysts by thermal evaporation. In spite of low roughness factors of around 25 for the nanowire photoanodes, the fabricated ...
Angelieri F - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate DNA damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells from individuals following radiography. Lateral and frontal cephalometric X-ray and panoramic dental X-rays were taken of a total of 18 healthy patients (6 male and 12 ...
Pavelić Sandra Kraljević - - 2010
Several published studies suggest that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are promising anticancer agents. This study examined the in vitro effect of O-alkylated NSAID hydroxamic acid derivatives 3a-i on cell survival for a panel of human tumour cell lines, their cytotoxicity on normal human fibroblasts and their antiviral activity. Established methods ...
Jaszewska E - - 2010
The purpose of the study was a comparison of Oenothera paradoxa Hudziok defatted seeds extract (EPE) effect with the activity of individual constituents of the extract: pentagalloylglucose (PGG), gallic acid, (+)-catechin and the procyanidin fraction, as well as an assessment of the combined effect of EPE and vincristine (VCR) in ...
Tibodeau Jennifer D - - 2010
In pursuit of the anticancer effects of seeds of the rain forest plant Bixa orellana (annatto), we found that its constituent cis-bixin induced cytotoxicity in a wide variety of tumor cell lines (IC(50) values from 10 to 50 microM, 24-h exposures) and, importantly, also selectively killed freshly collected patient multiple ...
Ping Szu-Yuan - - 2012
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-refractory generated a high risk to patients with bladder cancer during treatment. Tyrosine kinase receptor (TKR) and TKR-mediated signal transduction pathways play an important role in tumor initiation, maintenance, angiogenesis, and vascular proliferation. Theoretically, it is helpful in adjuvant treatment for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Hence, we proposed ...
Chiarini Francesca - - 2010
Recent findings have highlighted that constitutively active phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), where it upregulates cell proliferation, survival, and drug resistance. These observations lend compelling weight to the application of PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitors in the therapy of T-ALL. ...
Stitt-Fischer Molly S - - 2010
Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) are extremely sensitive to oxygen, mediated by superoxide production. Ionizing radiation is known to generate superoxide in oxygenated aqueous media; however, at systemic oxygen levels (3%), no oxygen enhancement is observed after irradiation. A number of markers (cell growth, alamarBlue, mitochondrial membrane polarization) for ...
Zhang Chao - - 2010
Failure to cure many cancers once they are disseminated has been attributed to the presence of resistant cancer stem cells. Cantharidin, a natural compound isolated from the beetles and other insects has been traditionally used as anticancer agent, but limited by its significant toxicity. It has shown that cantharidin can ...
Chou Tsung-Hsien - - 2010
Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of six new tetrahydroflavanones, cryptochinones A-F (1-6), from the neutral CHCl(3) fraction of Cryptocarya chinensis leaves, together with 14 known compounds (7-20). The structures of these new compounds were determined through spectroscopic analyses, including 2D-NMR, MS, CD, and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Among the isolates, ...
Ramanadham Madduri - - 2010
Levamisole has been employed as an immunomodulatory agent in conjunction with 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of colon cancer relapse. At high doses, levamisole has been shown to have both anti-cancer and immunosuppressive activities. In vitro, levamisole has been shown to potentiate the anti-proliferative effect of 5-fluorouracil in several types of ...
Ogata-Ikeda Ikuko - - 2011
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) is a popular ingredient in herbal teas. In previous study, micromolar bisabololoxide A, one of main constituents in German chamomile, exerted cytotoxic action on rat thymocyte, a normal non-proliferative cell. This result prompted us to study the effect of bisabololoxide A on proliferative cancer cells ...
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