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Results 351 - 400 of 1346
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Choudhury B - - 2006
Traditional lactic acid fermentation suffers from low productivity and low product purity. Cell-recycle fermentation has become one of the methods to obtain high cell density, which results in higher productivity. Lactic acid fermentation was investigated in a cell-recycle membrane bioreactor at higher substrate concentrations of 100 and 120 g/dm3. A ...
Matsumoto T - - 2006
In the course of screening for pharmacologically active substances from extracts of crude drugs used traditionally in Sino-Japanese herbal medicines, it was found that the 70 % ethanol extract from the fruits of Arctium lappa L. (Compositae) showed potent antiproliferative activity against B cell hybridoma cell, MH60. By bioassay-guided purification, ...
Qu Yuanyuan - - 2006
One high-effective bromoamine acid (1-amino-4-bromoanthraquinone-2-sulfonic acid, BAA) degrading strain was isolated previously with the ability to use BAA as sole source of carbon and nitrogen. It was identified as Sphingomonas xenophaga QYY by 16S rDNA sequence analysis and physio-biochemical tests. In this study, bioaugmentation of BAA degradation with suspended and ...
Huang, Edwin P.C.
A novel metal-inducible and amplifiable metallothionein (MT) expression system,&#13;pNK, was firstly optimised and characterised for the production of a reporter protein,&#13;human growth hormone (hGH) in a suspension CHO cell line grown in a serum-free&#13;media. The pNK-based hGH production was demonstrated in cadmium-free condition&#13;under various fermentation modes (batch, fed-batch and perfusion) ...
Kuśmierz, D.
Numer specjalny czasopisma "Polish Journal of Environmental Studies" (2006, vol. 15, No. 4A)
L.V.A. Reddy
Suitability of guava pieces for the preparation of immobilized yeast biocatalyst for wine production was investigated by using <I>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</I> in repeated batch fermentation. The fermentation rate and other parameters were compared with free yeast cells at different temperatures. The volatile compounds, methanol, ethyl acetate, 1-propanol, isobutanol and amyl alcohols ...
Oluoch, Kevin
Whole cells of Bacillus halodurans LBK 261 were used as a source of catalase for degradation of hydrogen peroxide. The organism, B. halodurans grown at 55 degrees C and pH 10, yielded a maximum catalase activity of 275U g(-1) (wet wt.) cells. The catalase in the whole cells was active ...
Sato Ken-ichi - - 2006
Xenopus oocytes, eggs, and embryos serve as an ideal model system to study several aspects of animal development (e.g., gametogenesis, fertilization, embryogenesis, and organogenesis). In particular, the Xenopus system has been extensively employed not only as a "living cell" system but also as a "cell-free" or "reconstitutional" system. In this ...
Kujan P - - 2006
The sorption ability of Candida utilis biomass for cadmium ions with accumulating competence of dried cells and cells in alginate was compared. After an optimization of process conditions (pH 5.5, biomass concentration 1 g/L and c0 50 mg/L), the cadmium sorption capacity of dried yeast biomass was perceptibly higher than ...
Kiss A - - 2006
The ability of Epilobium extracts and polyphenols to induce neutral endopeptidase (NEP) activity and to inhibit the proliferation in cell lines with high NEP expression (SK-N-SH) and with low NEP expression (PC-3) was investigated. Epilobium extracts enhanced in a dose-depend manner NEP activity in both cell lines with additional inhibition ...
Auger Sandrine - - 2006
Cell-free supernatants from growing Bacillus cereus strain ATCC 10987 induced luminescence in a Photorhabdus luminescens DeltaluxS mutant, indicating the production of functional autoinducer 2 (AI-2). The exogenous addition of in vitro synthesized AI-2 had an inhibitory effect on biofilm formation by B. cereus and promoted release of the cells from ...
Andersson Gunilla - - 2006
Use of moist snuff is widespread in Sweden. In 2004 approximately 8oo,ooo Swedes were daily users which corresponds to 22% of the male population and 3% of the female population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Swedish moist snuff extract on PDLfibroblast growth and ...
Manojlovic V - - 2006
The process of electrostatic extrusion as a method for cell immobilization was investigated that could be used for potential applications in medicine. An attempt was made to assess the effects of cell addition and polymer concentration on the overall entrapment procedure, ie, on each stage of immobilization: polymer-cell suspension rheological ...
Jung Heung-Chae - - 2006
Whole-cell biocatalysis in organic solvents has been widely applied to industrial bioprocesses. In two-phase water-solvent processes, substrate conversion yields and volumetric productivities can be limited by the toxicity of solvents to host cells and by the low mass transfer rates of the substrates from the solvent phase to the whole-cell ...
Matscheski A A Department of Biological Sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, - - 2006
Phytoestrogens are a diverse group of non-steroidal plant compounds. Because they have chemical structures similar to estrogens they are able to bind on estrogen receptors in humans. In this study, we tested the effects of crude phytoestrogen extracts from rye (Secale cereale), green pea (Pisum sativum) and yellow pea seeds ...
Gonzalez P - - 2006
It has been observed in several tissues that direct isolation of cells in serum-free media and on nonadhesive substrates results in the formation of spherical clusters of cells known as free-floating spheres. Such free-floating spheres have been hypothesized to contain undifferentiated multipotent progenitor cells. Our goal was to isolate and ...
Brányik, Tomáš
The aim of this work was to study the physiological changes of immobilized brewing yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a continuous reactor. Continuous cultivation was carried out at three different temperatures (15, 20 and 25°C) with an industrial brewing yeast strain (UNICER, Bebidas de Portugal, S.A.). During the continuous experiment the ...
Tan A W I - - 2006
Whole-cell reduction of (2,5)-hexanedione to yield highly enantiopure (5R)-hydroxyhexane-2-one (enantiomeric excess >99%) with Lactobacillus kefiri DSM 20587 was investigated. Cell immobilisation with sodium cellulose sulphate was chosen as the most suitable encapsulation matrix, giving an immobilisation yield of 40%. Despite the lowered biocatalytic activity from cell immobilisation, the bioreduction process ...
Baskaran, Vikrama Krishnan
Many industrial activities discharge sulphate- and metal-containing wastewaters, including the manufacture of pulp and paper, mining and mineral processing, and petrochemical industries. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is an example of such sulphate- and metal-containing waste streams. Formation of AMD is generally the result of uncontrolled oxidation of the sulphide minerals ...
Tabuchi Mari - - 2005
The handling of the cells or tissues is essential for proteomics research or drug screening, where labor is not avoidable. The steps of cell wash, protein extraction, protein denaturing are complicated procedures in conventional method using centrifugation and pipetting in the laboratory. This is the bottle-neck for proteome research. To ...
Khademhosseini Ali - - 2005
A novel cell bead system, comprising a magnetic core, a spherical annulus of agarose-immobilized cells, all conformally coated within a synthetic polymer, is proposed as a means of immunoisolating mammalian cells in a system that provides a balance between low total implant volume, retrievability, and diffusion limitations. A successful immunoisolation ...
Arai Fumihito - - 2005
A novel approach appropriate for rapid separation and immobilization of a single cell by concomitantly utilizing laser manipulation and locally thermosensitive hydrogelation is proposed in this paper. We employed a single laser beam as optical tweezers for separating a target cell and locating it adjacent to a fabricated, transparent micro ...
Singh Poonam - - 2006
Studies were carried out on 4-aminobenzenesulfonate (4-ABS) degradation by free and alginate entrapped cells of Agrobacterium sp. PNS-1. Degradation rate in batch reactors with free cells was marginally higher than Ca-encapsulated cells. Comparison of Ca2+ and Ba2+ as gelling agents showed that 4-ABS removal rate was significantly less with Ba-alginate ...
de-Bashan Luz E - - 2005
Growth of and the capacity to take up nitrogen in the freshwater microalgae Chlorella vulgaris were studied while varying the concentrations of ammonium and nitrate, the pH and the source of carbon in a synthetic wastewater growth medium when co-immobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. ...
Cobb Steven L - - 2005
5'-Fluoro-5'-deoxyinosine (5'-FDI) is identified as an adventitious side product that accumulates in cell free incubations of SAM and fluoride ion in Streptomyces cattleya. 5'-FDI was identified by a combination of isotopic labelling studies and co-synthesis studies as well as enzymatic degradation. Although it is an efficiently generated end product of ...
Kenar Halime - - 2006
In this study, the effect of cell alignment on proliferation and phenotype expression of rat bone marrow derived osteoblasts on micropatterned (MP) PHBV and P(L/D,L)LA films with 27 microm wide parallel microgrooves was investigated. Immobilization of fibrinogen (Fb) on film surface by adsorption increased hydrophilicity, while covalent immobilization decreased it. ...
Talabardon Mylene - - 2005
The effect of filamentous fungal morphology on heterologous protein secretion was investigated using the recombinant Aspergillus niger strain AB4.1[pgpdAGLAGFP], which contained the gene coded for the GLA-GFP (glucoamylase-green fluorescence protein) fusion protein. Three culturing systems were studied to develop different morphological forms of the fungus. Free-cell cultures in conventional stirred-tank ...
Peinado Rafael A - - 2005
Penicillium was used to immobilize Saccharomyces cerevisiae, without using physico-chemical external supports, to form yeast biocapsules. The biocapsules, once the Penicillium was killed by the ethanol produced, were used in a grape must fermentation. Must fermentation was carried out for 160 h with the biocapsules and for 300 h with ...
Sostaric Joe Z - - 2005
The mechanism(s) responsible for sudden cytolysis observed when cells are exposed to ultrasound could be mechanical and/or free radical in nature. Free radical reactions are initiated in the core and in the interfacial regions of collapsing acoustic cavitation bubbles. Because cyclic sugars are known to inhibit free radical chain reactions, ...
Domingues, Lucília
The development of any fermentation process requires the integration of life and engineering sciences with the aim of obtaining a high productivity system. The use of immobilized cells is, without any doubt, one of the most interesting ways to achieve this purpose, being several the advantages they present. Moreover, they ...
Khaw Teik Seong - - 2006
Four types of cell-surface-engineered yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae displaying glucoamylase, namely, systems A, B, C, and D, were constructed to evaluate their performance in direct ethanol fermentation from raw corn starch. Systems A and B were glucoamylase-displaying nonflocculent yeast (YF237) types that secrete alpha-amylase into the culture medium and codisplay alpha-amylase ...
Teniola O D - - 2005
Biological degradation of aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) by Rhodococcus erythropolis was examined in liquid cultures and in cell-free extracts. Dramatic reduction of AFB(1) was observed during incubation in the presence of R. erythropolis cells (17% residual AFB(1) after 48 h and only 3-6% residual AFB(1) after 72 h). Cell-free extracts of ...
McMaster L D - - 2005
A microencapsulation delivery system for Bifidobacterium lactis, a possible probiotic suited for use by the rural population of South Africa, was evaluated using two existing traditional fermented foods, amasi and mahewu. Gellan/xanthan microcapsules containing viable B. lactis, were tested under simulated physiological conditions, and added to pasteurized beverages. The capsules ...
Laurent Caroline - - 2005
The effect of daily contact with ethanol on Caco-2 cell differentiation was investigated. Pure ethanol (1%) and a polyphenolic free wine matrix (polyphenol-free wine containing 1% ethanol) associated or not with a procyanidin-rich grape seed extract (GSE) were added to Caco-2 cells from confluency for 2 h a day after ...
Jung Eun-Sook - - 2005
Using immobilized recombinant Escherichia coli cells containing Geobacillus stearothermophilus l-arabinose isomerase mutant (Gali 152), we found that the galactose isomerization reaction was maximal at 70 degrees C and pH 7.0. Manganese ion enhanced galactose isomerization to tagatose. The immobilized cells were most stable at 60 degrees C and pH 7.0. ...
Fallarero A - - 2006
The neuroprotective ability of the aqueous crude extract of Bryothamnion triquetrum (S. G. Gmelin) Howe and its cinnamic acids was studied in GT1-7 cells exposed to the combination of chemical hypoxia (KCN 3 mM) and aglycemia conditions. These ischemia-like conditions provoked acute and delayed cytotoxicity in GT1-7 cells if extended ...
Dodsworth Jeremy A - - 2005
Summary Post-translational regulation of nitrogen fixation, or switch-off, in the methanogenic archaeon Methanococcus maripaludis does not involve detectable covalent modification of the dinitrogenase reductase as in some bacteria, and the genes encoding the PII homologues NifI(1) and NifI(2) are both required, indicating a novel mechanism. To further understand the mechanism ...
Awasthi Mamta - - 2005
We examined the influences of three trace metals on the accumulation of a major nutrient (NO3-) in Scenedesmus quadricauda. A comparative study on metal-nutrient interaction in free and immobilized states of algal cells was conducted. The effect due to interaction between different variables (cell state type, metal type, and metal ...
Zhang Yongshu - - 2005
SspA and SspB (antigen I/II family proteins) can bind Streptococcus gordonii to other oral bacteria and also to salivary agglutinin glycoprotein, a constituent of the salivary film or pellicle that coats the tooth. To learn if SspA and SspB are essential for adhesion and initial biofilm formation on teeth, S. ...
Brányik, Tomáš
A novel carrier obtained from spent grains, a brewing by-product, was used for brewing yeast immobilisation in a continuous bubble-column reactor. The multiple-layer cell adhesion to the carrier particles resulted in a maximum cell load of 430 mg dry cell gˉ¹ dry carrier (d.c.). After 120 h of reactor operation, ...
Brányik, Tomáš
This work demonstrated the technological feasibility of the three-phase airlift bioreactor (ALR) with brewing yeast immobilized on spent grains (a brewing by-product) for continuous beer production. The optimum fermentation performance of the one stage immobilized cell bioreactor was achieved at residence times between 18–25 h (dilution rate 0.04–0.055 hˉ¹) and ...
McDonald Karen A - - 2005
Transgenic plant cell cultures offer a number of advantages over alternative host expression systems, but so far relatively low product concentrations have been achieved. In this study, transgenic rice cells are used in a two-compartment membrane bioreactor (CELLine 350, Integra Biosciences) for the production of recombinant alpha-1-antitrypsin (rAAT). Expression of ...
Cassiola Flávia - - 2005
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was supported on chrysotile, crocidolite and lixiviated chrysotile. Samples of the supported cells and free cells were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. After 30 days, the free cells showed no viability when stored at 30 degrees C, and a viability of 40% when stored at 4 degrees ...
Braschler Thomas - - 2005
Microfluidic devices are increasingly used to perform biological experiments on a single-cell basis. However, long-term stability of cell positions is still an issue. A novel biocompatible method for cell entrapment and release on a microchip is presented. It is based on the controlled formation of an alginate hydrogel by bringing ...
Liu David V - - 2005
Escherichia coli extracts activate cell-free protein synthesis systems by providing the catalysts for translation and other supporting reactions. Recent results suggest that high-density fermentations can be used to provide the source cells, but the subsequent cell extract preparation procedure requires multiple centrifugation and dialysis steps as well as an expensive ...
Banerjee, Meenakshi
The ubiquity of heavy metals in the biosphere results in the introduction of high amounts of toxic metals into the food chain from various sources. In the present study, one of the strongest nitrogen fixing cyanobacterium of the rice fields, Aulosira fertilissima   , was subjected to nickel and chromium ...
Garbayo I - - 2005
Immobilization of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in alginate increases its photorespiration rate. In the immobilized cells, the photorespiratory enzyme, phosphoglycolate phosphatase, was 75% higher than in freely suspended cells. Thus, the immobilized cells produced glycolate at twice the rate than in freely suspended cells when treated with aminooxyacetate (a transaminase inhibitor). With ...
Maruyama Hisataka - - 2005
A novel separation method for random screening of target cells from a large heterogeneous population by using a local photo-polymerization is developed. A photo-crosslinkable resin solution is mixed with the sample liquid and we controlled the state from sol to gel by irradiating the near ultraviolet (UV) light with the ...
Yu Diana - - 2005
An all-aqueous sol-gel method for encapsulation of bacterial cells in porous silicate matrices towards the development of a biosensor is described. The sol-gel encapsulation of cells is achieved at room temperature and neutral pH. Furthermore, use of sodium silicate as precursor avoids generation of alcohol that can be detrimental to ...
Lijun Xiang - - 2005
We studied the LAS degradation of immobilized Pseudomonas aeruginosa with low-intensity ultrasonic and the influence of original LAS concentration, pH, rotary velocity and different conditions of low-intensity ultrasonic irradiation on the degradation of LAS. In our experiment, the degradation rate of LAS was the main index. We found that low-intensity ...
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