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Results 201 - 250 of 1346
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da Silva André Romero - - 2009
In(III)-meso-tetraphenylporphyrin (InTPP) was encapsulated into nanoparticles (smaller than 200 nm) of poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) using the emulsification-evaporation technique. The photodynamic efficacy of InTPP-loaded nanoparticles and its cellular uptake was investigated with LNCaP prostate tumour cells, in comparison with the free InTPP. The effects of incubation time (1-3h), drug concentration (1.8-7.7 micromol/L) ...
Pereira C A J - - 2008
Biomphalaria tenagophila of Taim strain is able to completely destroy Schistosoma mansoni sporocyst few hours after parasite penetration, although the mechanism is still not well known. In this experimental work we show that passive transference of cell-free haemolymph, especially from B. tenagophila Taim, resulted in higher resistance of B. tenagophila ...
Park Young Tae - - 2008
For practical application, the stability of permeabilized Ochrobactrum anthropi SY509 needs to be increased, as its half-life of enzymatic denitrification is only 90 days. As the cells become viable after permeabilization treatment, this can cause decreased activity in a long-term operation and induce breakage of the immobilization matrix. However, the ...
Siripattanakul Sumana - - 2009
Bench-scale sand column breakthrough experiments were conducted to examine atrazine removal in agricultural infiltrate by Agrobacterium radiobacter J14a (J14a) immobilized in phosphorylated-polyvinyl alcohol compared to free J14a cells. The effects of cell loading and infiltration rate on atrazine degradation and the loss of J14a were investigated. Four sets of experiments, ...
Ha Jiyeon - - 2009
Calcium-alginate immobilized cell systems were developed for the detoxification and biodegradation of coumaphos, an organophosphate insecticide, and its hydrolysis products, chlorferon and diethlythiophosphate (DETP). Optimum bead loadings for bioreactor operation were found to be 200 g-beads/L for chlorferon degradation and 300 g-beads/L for DETP degradation. Using waste cattle dip (UCD) ...
Salamat Zahra - - 2008
Amebocyte-producing organs (APOs) of Biomphalaria glabrata were maintained in nonnutritive saline with, or without, extracts of miracidia and adults of Schistosoma mansoni, and examined histologically. The hematopoietic cells remained viable and showed measurable mitotic activity for up to 6 days, with little evidence of tissue death. APOs accumulated fluid and ...
Duan, L.; School of ...
Efficiently making use of granular activated carbon (GAC) to reduce pollution is always a golden goal for water industry. We developed ultrasonication collection method for determination of the biomass and microbial attachment and growth in activated carbon filter. Based on this method, we found that using hydraulic cycle to immobilize ...
Xiao Dongguang - - 2010
Ethanol tolerance is a key trait of microbes in bioethanol production. Previous studies have shown that soya flour contributed to the increase of ethanol tolerance of yeast cells. In this paper, the mechanism of this ethanol tolerance improvement was investigated in cassava ethanol fermentation supplemented with soya flour or defatted ...
Karagöz Pinar - - 2009
Microporous divinyl benzene copolymer (MDBP) was used for the first time as immobilization material for Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 26602 cells in a bed reactor and ethanol production from glucose was studied as a model system. A very homogenous thick layer of yeast cells were seen from the scanning electron micrographs ...
Tallur P N - - 2009
The Bacillus sp. strain PHN 1 capable of degrading p-cresol was immobilized in various matrices namely, polyurethane foam (PUF), polyacrylamide, alginate and agar. The degradation rates of 20 and 40 mM p-cresol by the freely suspended cells and immobilized cells in batches and semi-continuous with shaken cultures were compared. The ...
Ishizuka Aya - - 2008
During the N-glycosylation reaction, it has been shown that 'free' N-glycans are generated either from lipid-linked oligosaccharides or from misfolded glycoproteins. In both cases, occurrence of high mannose-type free glycans is well-documented, and the molecular mechanism for their catabolism in the cytosol has been studied. On the other hand, little, ...
Li Michelle W MW Saint Louis University, Department of Chemistry, 3501 Laclede Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63103, - - 2008
In this paper, we describe the fabrication and evaluation of a multilayer microchip device that can be used to quantitatively measure the amount of catecholamines released from PC 12 cells immobilized within the same device. This approach allows immobilized cells to be stimulated on-chip and, through rapid actuation of integrated ...
Oliveira, Patrícia
Today, marine microalgal biomass and their extracts have been incorporated in several cosmetics for skin-care and sun-protecting purposes as well as in some pharmaceutical applications for the therapy of oxidation associated diseases, like inflammations. Some of the bioactive substances are included in the lipidic fraction of microalgae. In the present ...
Chaudhary Abdul J - - 2008
The effects of the presence of copper on the photooxidation of phenol and 4-chlorophenol and of the presence of the phenols on the recovery of copper by electrodeposition are studied in three systems: a photolytic cell in the presence and absence of TiO2 as a catalyst or H2O2 as an ...
Bai Yu - - 2008
Low-cost excitonic solar cells based on organic optoelectronic materials are receiving an ever-increasing amount of attention as potential alternatives to traditional inorganic photovoltaic devices. In this rapidly developing field, the dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) has achieved so far the highest validated efficiency of 11.1% (ref. 2) and remarkable stability. However, ...
Charinpanitkul Tawatchai - - 2008
A three-phase fluidized bed equipped with a turbine agitator was utilized as a simple device for disrupting bakers' yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The degree of yeast cell disruption was evaluated based on the number of broken cells and its validity was confirmed by the total amount of crude soluble proteins ...
Chun Hyang Sook - - 2008
The neuroprotective effect of six aqueous extracts and one alcoholic extract prepared from seven medicinal plants that have been recorded as having therapeutic effects for stroke in Korean traditional medicine were studied using both in vitro and in vivo cerebral ischemia models. Among the extracts tested, the aqueous extracts of ...
de Oliveria Diêgo Madureira - - 2009
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most important neurodegenerative worldwide disorders. The potential cytoprotective effects of aqueous extract of Valeriana officinalis on rotenone-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were demonstrated. The cytotoxicity, cell viability and analysis of cellular morphology were performed by MTT-tetrazole (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay and phase ...
Yea Cheol-Heon - - 2008
RGD peptide sequence is an effective cell recognition motif and used to enhance the cell adhesion on desired solid material for cell immobilization. We have synthesized CRGD, CRGD-multiple-armed peptide (MAP), RGD-MAP-C and evaluated their comparative efficacy for cell immobilization. Each peptide was assembled on gold surface and investigated by the ...
Dos Santos Vera Lúcia - - 2009
The degradation of phenol (2-30 mM) by free cells and by alginate-immobilized cells of Aureobasidium pullulans FE13 isolated from stainless steel effluents was studied in batch cultures with saline solution not supplemented with nutrients or yeast extract. The rate at which the immobilized cells degrade phenol was similar to the ...
Goerke Aaron R - - 2008
Due to its small size and intense luminescent signal, Gaussia princeps luciferase (GLuc) is attractive as a potential imaging agent in both cell culture and small animal research models. However, recombinant GLuc production using in vivo techniques has only produced small quantities of active luciferase, likely due to five disulfide ...
Tarahomjoo Shirin - - 2008
The C-terminal region of the peptidoglycan hydrolase (CPH) of Lactococcus lactis IL1403 fused to the linker region and the starch-binding domain (SBD) of the *-amylase of Streptococcus bovis 148 was produced intracellularly in Escherichia coli. The fusion protein (CPH-SBD) was able to bind to the cell surface of Lactobacillus casei ...
AKAMATSU, Yasumi
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
Xavier Bruno M - - 2008
Streptococcus bovis HC5 cultures released a broad spectrum lantibiotic, bovicin HC5, into the cell-fee culture supernatant after they reached stationary phase, but most of the antibacterial activity remained cell-associated. Cell-associated bovicin HC5 was more resistant to degradation by Pronase E than the cell-free activity. Acidic NaCl (pH 2.0, 100 mM) ...
Kandylis Panagiotis - - 2008
This investigation announces the use of potato pieces as a suitable support for cell immobilization resulting in extremely low temperature wine making. The results showed an increase of the total esters by immobilized cells and reduction of higher alcohols. Likewise, percentages of total esters on total volatiles were increased by ...
Moehlenbrock Michael J - - 2008
Over the last 40 years, researchers have been studying and improving enzymatic biofuel cells, but until the last five years, the technology was plagued by short active lifetimes (typically 8 hours to 7 days) that prohibited the commercial use of this technology. This tutorial review introduces the topic of enzymatic ...
Lee Yong-Woo - - 2008
The cell-immobilization technique is used for the physical and chemical fixation of cells onto a solid support in order to increase their stability and capacity of substrate uptake. However, there is no apparatus to observe the microbial community's structure inside cell immobilizing polymeric carrier. In order to satisfy the demand ...
Endo Tatsuro - - 2008
For an understanding of the life activities, the analysis of cells, which are the smallest units of life form, has a significant impact on biology and biotechnology. In this study, we propose a novel label-free cell-based assay that is based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensor, which is excited ...
Plieva Fatima M - - 2008
A new design of robust matrices for cell immobilization is described. Macroporous gels (MGs) with immobilized microbial cells were prepared at subzero temperatures and were formed inside a plastic core (so-called, protective housing). Due to the protective housing the macroporous gel particles with immobilized cells can be used in well-stirred ...
Plaza Alberto - - 2008
A new highly unsaturated macrolide lactam, termed mirabilin ( 1), was isolated from the aqueous extract of the marine sponge Siliquariaspongia mirabilis. Mirabilin is characterized by the presence of a 35-membered macrolide lactam ring bearing a pentadiene conjugated system and a tetrasubstituted tetrahydropyran ring. A linear polyketide moiety is attached ...
Poopal Ashwini C - - 2008
Hexavalent chromium, which is a mutagen and carcinogen, was efficiently reduced by Streptomyces griseus. This activity was associated with the cell. Cr(6+) reduction by free as well as immobilized cells was studied: cells in PVA-alginate had the highest (100%) Cr(6+) removal efficiency in 24 h with reduction rates similar to ...
Hwang, Kyung-Mi
The anticancer and apoptotic effect of chloroform extract from 24 month-fermented doenjang were investigated in AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. The chloroform extract of 24 month-fermented doenjang inhibited the AGS gastric cancer cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. It has been confirmed by observing the cell distribution under inverted microscope. ...
Zeenko Vladimir V - - 2008
In vitro translation systems are used to investigate translational mechanisms and to synthesize proteins for characterization. Most available mammalian cell-free systems have reduced efficiency due to decreased translation initiation caused by phosphorylation of the initiation factor eIF2alpha on Ser51. We describe here a novel cell-free protein synthesis system using extracts ...
Villani S - - 2008
A cell encapsulation technology in alginate has been developed with the aim of obtaining cell controlled release or three-dimensional cultures. The aim of this work is to verify the predictability of alginate capsules for large-scale production by Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standardized procedures in a cell factory. A cell-free capsule ...
Laurinavichene Tatyana V - - 2008
Two approaches to prolong the duration of hydrogen production by immobilized, sulfur-limited Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells are examined. The results demonstrate that continuous H2 photoproduction can occur for at least 90 days under constant flow of TAP medium containing micromolar sulfate concentrations. Furthermore, it is also possible to prolong the duration ...
Muyima, Ndjoko Yei Osee
The growth and distribution of A. johnsonii cells, immobilised within alginate beads suspended in an aerated activated sludge mixed liquor medium, were assessed by viable cell counts on nutrient agar and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Both techniques indicated that A. johnsonii cells did survive and grow within alginate beads. A. ...
Ohtake Noriko - - 2008
Herein, we present the efficient cellular uptake of immobilized virus-like particles (VLPs) made of recombinant JC virus capsid proteins. VLPs expressed in Escherichia coli were labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). We compared two approaches for the cellular uptake of the FITC-VLPs. In the first approach, FITC-VLPs were immobilized on a ...
Kar Sanjay - - 2008
In the present study, the optimum conditions for the production of xylanase by immobilized spores of Trichoderma reesei SAF3 in calcium alginate beads were determined. The operational stability of the beads during xylanase production under semi-continuous fermentation was also studied. The influence of alginate concentration (1, 2, 3, and 4%) ...
Mayura Srikanlayanukul
Immobilized<I> Coriolus versicolor</I> RC3, a thermotolerant white rot fungus, was investigated for Orange II decolorized capability both in batch and continuous system. In batch study, immobilized fungal cell was tried on 20 ppm Orange II dissolved in synthetic liquid medium using various carbon and nitrogen sources. One gram per liter ...
Gravel, Marie-Hélène
Whole-cell bioluminescent biosensor Pseudomonas putida F1G4 (PpF1G4) was developed to produce a bioluminescent response to a wide range of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs). The main objective of this study was to characterize the luminescence response of PpF1G4 immobilized in silica gel and in inorganic membrane surfaces, and to compare the ...
Kar Shaktimay - - 2008
Alpha-amylase has a wide range of applications in starch industries, i.e. baking, brewing, distillery, etc. The alpha-amylase production from Streptomyces erumpens MTCC 7317 immobilized cells was compared with that of free cells. The immobilized cells of S. erumpens in calcium alginate beads were more effective for production of alpha-amylase (12.2% ...
Sakai Shinji - - 2008
We developed agarose microcapsules with a single hollow core templated by alginate microparticles using a jet-technique. We extruded an agarose aqueous solution containing suspended alginate microparticles into a coflowing stream of liquid paraffin and controlled the diameter of the agarose microparticles by changing the flow rate of the liquid paraffin. ...
Siripattanakul Sumana - - 2008
Bench-scale sand column breakthrough experiments were conducted to examine atrazine remediation in agricultural infiltrate by Agrobacterium radiobacter J14a (J14a) immobilized in phosphorylated-polyvinyl alcohol compared to free J14a cells. The effects of cell loading and infiltration rate on atrazine degradation and the loss of J14a were investigated. Four sets of experiments, ...
Kaliora Andriana C - - 2008
Currants and Sultanas (Vitis vinifera L.) are dried vine products produced in Greece and used broadly in the Mediterranean diet. We aimed to investigate the gastric cancer preventive activity of methanol extracts obtained from currants from three different origins in Greece (Vostizza, Nemea, and Messinia) as well as methanol extracts ...
Cheng Jing-Sheng - - 2008
The expression of arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs), known as extracellular signal molecules, in immobilized T. cuspidata cells was investigated by immunofluorescence localization and Western blot analysis. It was found that the relative intensity of JIM13-reactive AGPs and Taxol production by T. cuspidata cells was increased 1.43-fold and 2.2-fold by immobilized cultures on ...
Zhong Xiao Yan - - 2008
The discovery of cell-free RNA in plasma and serum samples provides possibilities for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. Quantitative alterations of cell-free placental-derived mRNA in the maternal circulation are associated with many pregnancy-related disorders, such as preeclampsia and preterm labor. Obtaining circulating cell-free RNA is the first and often the most critical ...
Lawson Victoria A - - 2008
A central event in the transmission and pathogenesis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy diseases is the misfolding of the prion protein. Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of this misfolding event through the development of cell-free assays that mimic the molecular features of prion propagation. This chapter reviews the ...
Kataoka Naoyuki - - 2008
Pre-mRNA (messenger RNA) splicing is an essential step for gene expression in higher eukaryotes. Splicing reactions have been well studied in vitro using extracts prepared from cultured cells. We describe protocols for the preparation of splicing-competent extracts from whole cells, nuclei, and cytoplasmic fractions. The nuclear and whole-cell extracts are ...
Jewett Michael C - - 2008
Cell-free systems offer a unique platform for expanding the capabilities of natural biological systems for useful purposes, i.e. synthetic biology. They reduce complexity, remove structural barriers, and do not require the maintenance of cell viability. Cell-free systems, however, have been limited by their inability to co-activate multiple biochemical networks in ...
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