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Nakanishi Misa - - 2009
A fasciocutaneous free graft could prove the ideal free tissue graft to prevent contracture following adhesion of the graft to the recipient bed. However, for graft survival, vascular anastomosis involving complicated surgical techniques is necessary. In the present study, we focused on peripheral blood-derived CD133(+) cells, including the endothelial progenitor ...
Oh In-Seok IS Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2010
Botulinum neurotoxin serotype B (BoNT/B)-specific Fab was expressed in a cell-free protein synthesis system derived from an E. coli extract. The cell-free synthesized antibody fragment was found to be effective in neutralizing the toxicity of BoNT/B in animal studies. Expression of functional Fab required an appropriately controlled and stably maintained ...
Garikipati S V B Janardhan - - 2009
Whole-cell biocatalysis to oxidize naphthalene to 1-naphthol in liquid-liquid biphasic systems was performed. Escherichia coli expressing TOM-Green, a variant of toluene ortho-monooxygenase (TOM), was used for this oxidation. Three different solvents, dodecane, dioctyl phthalate, and lauryl acetate, were screened for biotransformations in biphasic media. Of the solvents tested, lauryl acetate ...
Matsuyama Kyoko - - 2009
The effect of Tunisian Capparis spinosa L. aromatic plant extract on melanogenesis regulation in B16 murine melanoma cells was investigated. B16 cells were treated with 0.0005, 0.005, and 0.05% (w/v) C. spinosa extract after which the melanin content and cell viability were measured. To clarify the mechanism behind melanogenesis regulation, ...
Kuyukina Maria S - - 2009
A method for selective adsorption of Rhodococcus cells in the column with hydrophobized poly(acrylamide) cryogel (cryoPAAG) was developed that allowed rhodococci separation from mixed bacterial populations and their effective concentration within a sponge-like gel matrix. Hydrophobization of cryoPAAG using the n-dodecane graft (C12) was performed to enhance the adhesion of ...
Ibrahim Mohammad H A - - 2009
Industrial production of biodegradable polyesters such as polyhydroxyalkanoates is hampered by high production costs, among which the costs for substrates and for downstream processing represent the main obstacles. Inexpensive fermentable raw materials such as crude glycerol, an abundant by-product of the biodiesel industry, have emerged to be promising carbon sources ...
Krzaczkowski Lucie - - 2009
Antitumor activities of substances from natural sources apart from vascular plants and micro-organisms have been poorly investigated. Here we report on a pharmacological screening of a bryophyte extract library using a phenotypic cell-based assay revealing microtubules, centrosomes and DNA. Among the 219 moss extracts tested, we identified 41 extracts acting ...
Xu Yan-Ning - - 2009
Reprogramming of somatic cells was induced by ES cell-free extract. The system relied on the transient uptake of regulatory components from a nuclear and cytoplasmic extract derived from ES cells by the nucleus of a reversibly permeabilized NIH3T3 cell. NIH3T3 cells were permeabilized by streptolysin O (SLO). Reprogramming cell-free extracts ...
Gen-Sheng Yang - - 2009
An efficient method for asymmetric reduction of (S)-3-chloro-1-phenylpropanol from 3-chloropropiophenone was developed using preheated Candida utilis cells immobilized in calcium alginate gel beads. Heating the immobilized cells (bead diameter 1.5 mm) at 45 degrees C for 50 min allowed the reaction to proceed with 99.5% enantiomeric excess (ee) and an ...
Lou Wen-Yong - - 2009
The biocatalytic enantioselective reduction of 4'-methoxyacetophenone to (S)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanol was successfully conducted in a hydrophilic IL-containing co-solvent system using immobilized Rhodotorula sp. AS2.2241 cells. Of all the tested ILs, the best results were observed with the novel IL 1-(2'-hydroxy)ethyl-3-methylimidazolium nitrate (C(2)OHMIM.NO(3)), which showed a good biocompatibility with the cells and increased ...
Gu Miaomiao - - 2009
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were assembled on the surface of polystyrene (PS) and polyaniline (PANI) core-shell nanocomposite (PS@PANI) for the immobilization of HL-60 leukemia cells to fabricate a cell electrochemical sensor. The immobilized cells exhibited irreversible voltammetric response and increased the electron transfer resistance with a good correlation to the logarithmic ...
Zhao X Q - - 2009
Yeast flocculation has been used in the brewing industry to facilitate biomass recovery for a long time, and thus its mechanism of yeast flocculation has been intensively studied. However, the application of flocculating yeast in ethanol production garnered attention mainly in the 1980s and 1990s. In this article, updated research ...
Li Yu-Guang - - 2009
In situ cell separation and immobilization of bacterial cells for biodesulfurization were developed by using superparamagnetic Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs). The Fe(3)O(4) NPs were synthesized by coprecipitation followed by modification with ammonium oleate. The surface-modified NPs were monodispersed and the particle size was about 13 nm with 50.8 emu/g saturation magnetization. ...
Kilonzo Peter - - 2009
Continuous production of a fungal glucoamylase by immobilized recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain C468 containing plasmid pGAC9. Yeast cells were immobilized on hydrophilic cotton cloth in an inverse internal loop airlift-driven bioreactor. Free-cell culture in the airlift and stirred tank bioreactors confirmed the plasmid instability of the recombinant yeast. Enhanced glucoamylase ...
Baruch Limor - - 2009
In spite of advances in cell microencapsulation technology in the past three decades, this approach still suffers from obstacles associated with its biocompatibility. We hypothesized that encapsulation system, which incorporates polymeric particles releasing anti-inflammatory drug in addition to the encapsulated cells, will result in improved biocompatibility, thus improving therapeutic efficacy. ...
Genschel Jochen - - 2009
A purified system comprised of MutSalpha, MutLalpha, exonuclease 1 (Exo1), and replication protein A (RPA) (in the absence or presence of HMGB1) supports 5'-directed mismatch-provoked excision that terminates after mismatch removal. MutLalpha is not essential for this reaction but enhances excision termination, although the basis of this effect has been ...
Akbari Mansour - - 2009
Base excision repair (BER) of damaged or inappropriate bases in DNA has been reported to take place by single nucleotide insertion or through incorporation of several nucleotides, termed short-patch and long-patch repair, respectively. We found that extracts from proliferating and non-proliferating cells both had capacity for single- and two-nucleotide insertion ...
Jetty Annapurna - - 2009
Oxytetracycline (OT) production using glutaraldehyde cross-linked calcium alginate immobilized cells of Streptomyces varsoviensis in continuous fluidized bed reactor (FBR) was investigated. Initially, batch experiments were carried in stirred tank reactor (STR) and FBR using calcium alginate immobilized cells. Higher OT production of 0.45 gm/L was achieved by FBR when compared ...
Pavlaki Maria - - 2009
Walker 256 (W256) cancer cells, developed as ascites in rats, in response to endogenous unidentified stimuli, secrete a gelatinase of apparent molecular mass of 94 kDa, immunologically homologous to the zymogen of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (proMMP-9). After treatment with the activating agent 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate (APMA), affinity-purified W256 gelatinase is converted to ...
Chen Bor-Yann - - 2009
This study tended to evaluate threshold operation criteria of biostimulation for optimal biodecolorization in immobilized-cell systems (ICSs) using Porites corals as packing matrices. Indigenous Aeromonas hydrophila with high efficiency for decolorization isolated from Northeast Taiwan was used for study. As maximal treatment performance of ICS could only be achieved with ...
Koeberle A - - 2009
The selective inhibition of prostaglandin (PG)E(2) formation via interference with microsomal PGE(2) synthase (mPGES)-1 could have advantages in the treatment of PGE(2)-associated diseases, such as inflammation, fever and pain, compared with a general suppression of all PG biosynthesis, provided by inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and 2. Here, we addressed whether ...
Pewsey Emma - - 2009
The functional reprogramming of a differentiated cell to a pluripotent state presents potential beneficial applications in regenerative medicine. We report here the proteomic profile of 293T epithelial cells reprogrammed to a pluripotent state using undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma (NCCIT) cellular extracts. 293T cells were reversibly permeabilized with streptolysin O, incubated in ...
Zheng Chunli - - 2009
Rhodotorula mucilaginosa Z1 capable of degrading nitrobenzene was immobilized in polyurethane foam. The nitrobenzene-degrading capacity of immobilized cells was compared to free cells in batches in shaken culture. Effects of pH and temperature on the nitrobenzene degradation showed that polyurethane-immobilized Z1 had higher tolerances toward acid, alkali, and heat than ...
Mussatto Solange I - - 2009
The ability of Aspergillus japonicus ATCC 20236 to colonize different synthetic materials (polyurethane foam, stainless steel sponge, vegetal fiber, pumice stones, zeolites, and foam glass) and to produce fructooligosaccharides (FOS) from sucrose (165 g/L) is described. Cells were immobilized in situ by absorption, through direct contact with the carrier particles ...
Liu Yong J - - 2009
Strain XA05 and FG03 with high biodegradation activity of phenol were isolated from the activated sludge and phenol-contaminated soils in Northwest of China, respectively. DNA sequencing and homologous analysis of 16s rRNA gene identified that XA05 belonged to an Acinetobacter sp. and FG03 was closely related to the Sphingomonas sp. ...
Miyamoto Kei - - 2009
Nuclear transfer has been regarded as the only reliable tool for studying nuclear reprogramming of mammalian somatic cells by oocytes. However, nuclear transfer is not well suited for biochemical analyses of the molecular mechanisms of reprogramming. A cell-free system from oocytes is an attractive alternative way to mimic reprogramming in ...
Odaci Dilek - - 2009
A bio-electrochemical system consisting of Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2343 cells as a biological material and carbon nanotube (CNT)-free and CNT-modified chitosan as immobilizing matrices has been developed. The measurement was based on the respiratory activity of the cells estimated by the oxygen consumption at -0.7 V (versus the Ag|AgCl reference ...
Zhang Qin - - 2009
In situ affinity foam fractionation is a potential powerful tool for continuous, selective removal of products from bioprocesses. When evaluating its applicability to cellulase production by Trichoderma reesei fermentation, we encountered the difficulty of significant removal of fungal mycelia along with the cellulase. To solve this problem, cell immobilization using ...
Nikos Katsanakis
In order to investigate the physiological effect of transfected cell immobilization in calcium alginate gels, we immobilized electroporated Vero cells in gels shaped either as spherical beads or as thin membrane layers. In addition, we investigated whether serum addition had a positive effect on cell proliferation and viability in either ...
Harhaji Trajkovi?? Ljubica M - - 2009
Anticancer activities of various extracts of the medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum, have been widely demonstrated and are mainly associated with the presence of different bioactive polysaccharides and triterpenoids. We have evaluated and compared in vitro and in vivo the antitumor effects of two preparations from Ganoderma lucidum: a methanol extract ...
Kosourov Sergey N - - 2009
A new technique for immobilizing H2-photoproducing green algae within a thin (<400 microm) alginate film has been developed. Alginate films with entrapped sulfur/phosphorus-deprived Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, strain cc124, cells demonstrate (a) higher cell density (up to 2,000 microg Chl mL(-1) of matrix), (b) kinetics of H2 photoproduction similar to sulfur-deprived suspension ...
Cho Sang Ho - - 2009
Alginate hydrogels have been widely utilized as cell carriers due to their simplicity for fabricating cell-immobilized gel beads or 3-dimentional porous scaffolds, biocompatibility and non-toxicity to cells. Generally alginate hydrogels have been produced by contacting alginate solution with CaCl(2) as a cross-linking agent. However, the major disadvantages of this system ...
Xu Ping - - 2009
The emission of sulfur oxides can have adverse effects on the environment. Biodesulfurization of fossil fuels is attracting more and more attention because such a bioprocess is environmentally friendly. Some techniques of desulfurization have been used or studied to meet the stricter limitation on sulfur content in China. Recent advances ...
Zhang Zhengge - - 2009
The extraction and biological activities of procyanidins from the bark of Pinus caribaea Morelet (P. caribaea) have been studied for the first time in our research. The main factors influencing the extraction, including solvent, temperature and liquid-to-solid (L/S) ratio, were discussed. The results illustrate that the suitable conditions for the ...
Williamson Adam - - 2009
Ubiquitination and protein degradation regulate cell cycle progression in all eukaryotes. During mitosis, ubiquitination by the Anaphase-Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C) triggers sister chromatid separation and mitotic exit. The APC/C is tightly regulated by phosphorylation, ubiquitination, association of activators or inhibitors, and competitive binding of substrates. Much of our understanding of the ...
Yamada Masahiro - - 2009
There is concern that dental-resin materials directly loaded on a prepared tooth adversely affect dental pulp tissue by releasing the resin chemicals through dentinal tubes. This study determined whether self-curing polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)-based dental resin extract adversely affected the viability and function of odontoblast-like cells and whether the cytotoxicity of ...
Wang Chong-Zhi - - 2009
The chemical constituents and antiproliferative effects on SW480 human colorectal cancer cells of different plant parts of P. notoginseng were evaluated. The contents of saponins in extracts from root, rhizome, flower and berry of P. notoginseng were determined using high performance liquid chromatography. The contents and proportions of saponins were ...
Wu Lan - - 2009
The ability of Yarrowia lipolytica W29 immobilized by calcium alginate to degrade oil and chemical oxygen demand (COD) was examined. The degradation rules of oil and COD by immobilized cells with the cell density of 6.65 x 106 CFU/mL degraded 2000 mg/L oil and 2000 mg/L COD within 50 h ...
Heng Boon C - - 2009
The dissociation of adherent mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) monolayers with trypsin and enzyme-free dissociation buffer was compared. A significantly lower proportion of viable cells were obtained with enzyme-free dissociation buffers compared to trypsin. Subsequently, the dissociated cells were re-seeded on new cell culture dishes and were subjected to the MTT ...
Lou Wen-Yong - - 2009
Whole cells are usually employed for biocatalytic reduction reactions to ensure efficient coenzyme regeneration and to avoid problems with enzyme purification and stability. The efficiency of whole cell-catalyzed bioreduction is frequently restricted by pronounced toxicity of substrate and/or product to the microbial cells and in many instances the use of ...
Hrenovic J - - 2009
The goal of this study was to determine the dynamics and yield of immobilization of the phosphate-accumulating bacterium Acinetobacter junii on mineral carriers. As mineral carriers natural clinoptilolite tuff from Turkey (T) and Serbia (S) and natural bentonite (TER), in original and magnesium (Mg)-exchanged form were used. The key feature ...
Karabika E - - 2009
A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacterial strain Spyr1 was isolated from Greek creosote polluted soil by an enrichment method using pyrene as sole carbon and energy source. Spyr1 was identified as Mycobacterium sp. based on 16S rDNA analysis and it was capable of degrading pyrene, fluoranthene, fluorene, anthracene, and acenaphthene. ...
Ayoub, S.
This item was scanned with a HP 4850 Scanjet at 300 dpi and consists of 10 pages.
Jensen Nickels A - - 2009
High content microscopy as a screening tool to identify bioactive agents has provided researchers with the ability to characterise biological activities at the level of single cells. Here, we describe the development and the application of a high content screening assay for the identification and characterisation of cytostatic bioactivities from ...
Franklin Gregory - - 2009
Xanthone production in Hypericum perforatum (HP) suspension cultures in response to elicitation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens co-cultivation has been studied. RNA blot analyses of HP cells co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens have shown a rapid up-regulation of genes encoding important enzymes of the general phenylpropanoid pathway (PAL, phenylalanine ammonia lyase and 4CL, ...
Xiao Wen-Hai - - 2009
The generation of nitric oxide (NO) in Taxus cuspidata in immobilized support matrices and the potential role of NO as signal molecular in regulation of Taxol production were investigated. It was found that the immobilization induced a spatial and temporal-dependent NO burst in immobilized supported matrices. NO level reached the ...
Sankaran Bharat - - 2008
Transparent indium tin oxide microelectrodes were fabricated and used to immobilize suspended NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells by positive dielectrophoresis. The indium tin oxide electrodes facilitated microscopic observation of immobilized cells compared with opaque metallized electrodes. Dielectrophoresis was used to capture arrays of individual cells and form small cell clusters within ...
Miyamoto Kei - - 2008
Plasma membranes can be reversibly permeabilized by Streptolysin O. The permeabilized cells can be reprogrammed and partially dedifferentiated in the cell-free system from egg extracts. However, the permeabilizing activity of Streptolysin O is not stable, and therefore it is difficult to control its activity. An alternative method for reversible permeabilization ...
Minamino Katsuhiko - - 2008
We investigated the effect of a water-soluble extract from Grifola frondosa, the maitake mushroom, on lipid droplets in brown adipocyte tissue (BAT) cells. This water-soluble extract inhibits the conversion of pre white adipocyte tissue (WAT) cells but does not inhibit that of pre BAT cells. It reduces the amount of ...
Katzberg Michael - - 2009
Biocatalytical approaches have been investigated in order to improve accessibility of the bifunctional chiral building block (5S)-hydroxy-2-hexanone ((S)-2). As a result, a new synthetic route starting from 2,5-hexanedione (1) was developed for (S)-2, which is produced with high enantioselectivity (ee >99%). Since (S)-2 can be reduced further to furnish (2S,5S)-hexanediol ...
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