Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1346
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Meng Guoliang - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells hold great promise for application of human cell and tissue replacement therapy. However, the overwhelming majority of currently available hES cell lines have been directly or indirectly exposed to materials containing animal-derived components during their derivation, propagation, and cryopreservation. Unlike feeder-based cultures, which require the ...
Ikegami Yukinori - - 2010
Media with high concentrations of serum are commonly used to induce cardiomyogenic transdifferentiation in mesenchymal stem cells; however, serum contains numerous unknown growth factors and interferes with definition of specific cardiomyogenic transdifferentiation factors secreted from feeder cells. In the present study, we determined whether the transdifferentiation of human mesenchymal cells ...
Ezure Toru - - 2010
Cell-free protein synthesis systems offer production of native proteins with high speed, even for the proteins that are toxic to cells. Among cell-free systems, the system derived from insect cells has the potential to carry out post-translational modifications that are specific to eukaryotic organisms, as occurs in the rabbit reticulocyte ...
Lin Yun-Wei - - 2010
Polygonum cuspidatum is widely used as a medicinal herb in Asia. In this study, ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of P. cuspidatum root were assayed for their 1,1-diphenyl-2-hydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl free radical scavenging activities, total phenolics content, protective effect against DNA damage, and antiproliferative activity on human lung cancer ...
Cetojević-Simin Dragana D - - 2010
In this study we investigated antioxidative and antiproliferative activity of different horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) extracts. The antioxidative activity was measured by the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy-spin trapping method. The influence of different horsetail extracts during lipid peroxidation of (1) sunflower oil induced by the lipophilic azo-initiator 4,4'-azobis(4-cyanovaleric acid) ...
Takai Kazuyuki - - 2010
We have made a dramatic improvement of the wheat cell-free protein synthesis system. The first key improvement is the method for preparation of the cell-free extract that is free of inhibitory factors of translation reaction. Additional improvements include a method for preparation of transcription-ready templates by PCR, an expression vector ...
Jin Borae - - 2010
Abstract This study examined how cell-phone use is related to interpersonal motives for using cell phones, face-to-face communication, and loneliness. A survey of 232 college students who owned a cell phone revealed that affection and inclusion were relatively strong motivations for using voice calls and text messaging, and that interpersonal ...
Choedon Tenzin - - 2010
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Butea monosperma (Lam.) (Fabaceae) popularly known as 'flame of the forest' has been widely used in the traditional Indian medical system of 'Ayurveda' for the treatment of a variety of ailments including liver disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and anti-cancer activities of ...
Lin Qiao - - 2010
The performance of pyridine degradation by Paracoccus sp. strain KT-5 immobilized on bamboo-based activated carbon was investigated and compared with that of free cells. The results showed that Paracoccus sp. was able to attach well on the surface and pores of bamboo-carbon. Compared with freely suspended cells, the pyridine-degrading rate ...
Lakhkar Nilay - - 2011
This study investigated the use of a Ti-containing quaternary phosphate glass system P(2)O(5)-Na(2)O-CaO-TiO( 2) as a vehicle for strontium ion delivery to cells. Four glass compositions were manufactured: 0.5P(2)O(5)- 0.15Na(2)O-0.05TiO( 2)-(0.3 - x)CaO-xSrO (x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, and 0.05). Structural characterization revealed that sodium calcium phosphate is the dominant ...
Ben-Tchavtchavadze M - - 2010
A perfusion small-scale bioreactor allowing on-line monitoring of the cell energetic state was developed for free-suspension mammalian cells. The bioreactor was designed to perform in vivo nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which is a noninvasive and nondestructive method that permits the monitoring of intracellular nutrient concentrations, metabolic precursors and intermediates, ...
Wang Yuan-Shan - - 2010
Immobilized cells of Delftia tsuruhatensis CCTCC M 205114 harboring R-amidase were applied in asymmetric hydrolysis of (R)-2, 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxamide (R - 1) from racemic (R, S)-2, 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxamide to accumulate (S)-2, 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxamide (S - 1). Maximum R-amidase activity of 13.1 U/g wet cells (0.982 U/g beads) was obtained under ...
Kawaguti Haroldo Yukio - - 2010
Isomaltulose was obtained from sucrose solution by immobilized cells of Erwinia sp. D12 using a batch and a continuous process. Parameters for sucrose conversion into isomaltulose were evaluated using both experimental design and response surface methodology. Erwinia sp. D12 cells were immobilized in different alginates, and the influence of substrate ...
Zhou Song - - 2010
The cancer stem cells (CSCs) from human osteosarcoma by serum-free three-dimensional culture combined with anticancer drugs were isolated and identified. The primary cells derived from human osteosarcoma were digested by trypsin to prepare a single-cell suspension, and mixed homogeneously into 1.2% alginate gel. Single-cell alginate gel was cultured with serum-free ...
Huc?k Martin - - 2010
Recombinant Escherichia coli cells, over-expressing cyclopentanone monooxygenase activity, were immobilized in polyelectrolyte complex capsules, made of sodium alginate, cellulose sulfate, poly(methylene-co-guanidine), CaCl(2) and NaCl. More than 90% of the cell viability was preserved during the encapsulation process. Moreover, the initial enzyme activity was fully maintained within encapsulated cells while it ...
Kurbanoglu Esabi B - - 2010
The asymmetric reductions of acetophenone and its analogues using once immobilized Rhodotorula glutinis cells were studied. The performance and reaction parameters of the immobilized cells were also investigated and it was determined that the cells could be used 15 times in batch processes. All chiral alcohols obtained using purification procedures ...
Chen C Y - - 2010
A microbial process for the degradation of propionitrile by Klebsiella oxytoca was studied. The microorganism, K. oxytoca, was isolated from the discharged wastewater of metal plating factory in southern Taiwan and adapted for propionitrile biodegradation. The free and immobilized cells of K. oxytoca were then examined for their capabilities on ...
Leal-Egaña Aldo - - 2010
Primary mouse hepatocytes (between 10-250 cells per capsule) were immobilized within 1.0% w/v alginate microbeads. The textural properties of the alginate matrix were characterized and a full protocol based upon the measurement of the initial rate of Resazurin reduction was studied and standardized. Using this method, the decay rate constant ...
Mikami Satoshi - - 2010
Cell-free protein synthesis systems have been established with extracts from cultured human cells, HeLa, and hybridoma cells. The former cell line is used to prepare extracts for robust translation, whereas the extract from the latter is primarily employed for expression of glycoproteins. Productivity of both systems can be enhanced by ...
Ezure Toru - - 2010
The Transdirect insect cell is a newly developed in vitro translation system for mRNA templates, which utilizes an extract from cultured Spodoptera frugiperda 21 (Sf21) insect cells. An expression vector, pTD1, which includes a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) sequence from a baculovirus polyhedrin gene as a translational enhancer, was also developed ...
Chantawongvuti Ratchat - - 2010
Lactic acid (LA) fermentation by Lactobacillus salivarius ATCC 11741 immobilized on loofa sponge (LS) was evaluated. To increase the surface area of LS for cell immobilization, H2O2 and chitosan were introduced as surface modifying reagents. Four chitosan of different molecular weight were separately coated on LS. All experiments were conducted ...
Reyes Mariana Ramírez - - 2010
Coriander has been used as a spice and medicinal plant for centuries. Several studies have described its biological properties and some reports have indicated its pharmacological actions in some human pathology. However, data on its toxicity and metabolism are limited or null, and no research has been conducted with mammalian ...
Siegner Ralf - - 2010
The cellular and molecular mechanisms of adipose tissue biology have been studied extensively over the last two decades. Adipose tissue growth involves both an increase in fat cell size and the formation of mature adipocytes from precursor cells. To investigate how natural substances influence these two processes, we examined the ...
Comitini F - - 2010
AIMS: The yeast strain Tetrapisispora phaffii DBVPG 6706 (formerly Kluyveromyces phaffii) secretes a killer toxin (Kpkt) that has antimicrobial activity against apiculate yeasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the killer activity of Kpkt towards Hanseniaspora uvarum under winemaking conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The zymocidial activity of Kpkt ...
Yildirim Selcuk - - 2010
Silk fibroin was evaluated as a new matrix for immobilized cell fermentation. Silk fibroin was extracted from Bombyx mori cocoon, purified, concentrated in polyethylene glycol solution and diluted to 3 wt% with distilled water. This fibroin solution was used to encapsulate sensitive cells of the probiotic strain, Bifidobacterium longum ATCC ...
Rabensteiner Dieter Franz - - 2010
During pollen seasons, allergy-like symptoms can be observed in proven non-allergy sufferers. Pollen enzymes are thought to be responsible for conjunctival irritation. We investigated the influence of the well-known aggressive pollen species hazelnut (Corylus avellana) and birch pollen (Betula pendula) on both human tear fluid and conjunctival cell cultures. This ...
Kigawa Takanori - - 2010
We have been developing and using an Escherichia coli cell extract-based coupled transcription-translation cell-free system. The development includes many different issues such as cell extract preparation, template construction, reaction condition, reaction format, and automation. These developments improved the efficiency, productivity, and throughput of our prokaryotic cell-free system, enabling us to ...
Chu Wan-Loy - - 2010
Spirulina is a commercial alga well known to contain various antioxidants, especially phycocyanin. Apart from being sold as a nutraceutical, Spirulina is incorporated as a functional ingredient in food products and beverages. Most of the previous reports on antioxidant activity of Spirulina were based on chemical rather than cell-based assays. ...
Aramwit Pornanong - - 2010
Silk sericin (SS) can accelerate cell proliferation and attachment; however, SS can be extracted by various methods, which result in SS exhibiting different physical and biological properties. We found that SS produced from various extraction methods has different molecular weights, zeta potential, particle size and amino acid content. The MTT ...
Borgatti Monica - - 2010
We have developed a microencapsulation procedure for the entrapment and manipulation of IB3-1 cystic fibrosis cells. The applied method is based on generation of monodisperse droplets by a vibrational nozzle. Different experimental parameters were analyzed, including frequency and amplitude of vibration, polymer pumping rate and distance between the nozzle and ...
Liu Chang - - 2010
The possibility of employing graphene sheets as a potential candidate for the construction of biofuel cells is reported in this paper. Initially, graphene sheets were chemically synthesized and characterized by surface characterization techniques. Following this, graphene was employed to fabricate the anode and cathode in the biofuel cell. The anode ...
Chi Zhe - - 2010
In this study, corn starch was used as the substrate for cell growth and trehalose accumulation by Saccharomycopsis fibuligera A11. Effect of different aeration rates, agitation speeds, and concentrations of corn starch on direct conversion of corn starch to trehalose by S. fibuligera A11 were examined using a Biostat B2 ...
Phelan Martha - - 2009
Not all felled wood is converted to timber or pulp, with the remaining material being a rich source of relatively unexplored and unexploited potentially novel bioactive compounds. Therefore the potential bioactive effects of two softwood knot (the part of the branch encased in the tree stem) extracts--namely, Pinus banksiana Lamb. ...
Liu Xinyu - - 2009
This paper presents the design and microfabrication of a vacuum-based cell holding device for single-cell immobilization and the use of the device in mouse zygote microinjection. The device contains many through-holes, constructed via two-sided glass wet etching and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-glass bonding. Experimental results of mouse zygote immobilization and microinjection demonstrate ...
Shytle R Douglas - - 2009
Inhibition of beta-amyloid (A beta) accumulation and A beta fibril (fA beta) formation from A beta are attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). While previous studies have shown anti-amyloidogenic effects of curcumin in vitro and in vivo, no studies have examined optimized turmeric extracts enriched in ...
Zhang Ye-Wang - - 2010
Recombinant Escherichia coli whole cells harboring Bacillus licheniformis L-arabinose isomerase (BLAI) were immobilized with alginate. The operational conditions for immobilization were optimized with response surface methodology. Optimal alginate concentration, Ca(2+) concentration, and cell mass loading were 1.8% (w/v), 0.1 M, and 44.5 g L(-1), respectively. The interactions between Ca(2+) concentration, ...
Yu Cigang - - 2010
The main product of the conversion of puerarin by unpermeabilized cells of bacterium Microbacterium oxydans CGMCC 1788 was puerarin-7-O-glucoside (241 +/- 31.9 microM). Permeabilization with 40% ethanol could not increase conversion yield, whereas it resulted in change of main product; a previous trace product became a main product (213 +/- ...
Barreto R V G - - 2010
Spores of Bacillus subtilis LAMI008 were entrapped in 3-mm chitosan beads and cross-linked with 0.3% glutaraldehyde for n-hexadecane biodegradation and biosurfactant recovery. When exposed to nutrients, the spores generated vegetative cells without morphological alterations as revealed by atomic force microscopy. The entrapped cells degraded almost 100% of 1% of n-hexadecane ...
Flampouri Kelly - - 2010
Two of the most important categories of pesticides used in agricultural practice are organophosphates and dithiocarbamates. Their extensive and inappropriate use has rendered their reliable monitoring at trace levels more and more necessary. This study presents the construction of a rapid and sensitive cellular biosensor test based on the measurement ...
Binupriya Arthur Raj - - 2010
Bacillus subtilis a gram positive bacteria and its extracellular polysaccharide were used in free form as well as immobilized form as biosorbent for sequestration of an anionic dye, Reactive Blue 4 (RB) in aqueous phase. The dye uptake enhanced with decrease in pH. Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and free cells ...
Yamanishi Yoko Y Department of Bioengineering and Robotics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan. - - 2009
In this paper, we describe the fabrication of a temperature-controlled microfluidic chip for cell immobilization using a thermosensitive hydrogel of poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm). A mixture of PNIPAAm solution, yeast cells, and Calcein-AM fluorescent dye is flowed in the microchannel, and the indium-tin-oxide (ITO) microheaters that were fabricated by micromachining technology ...
Kaur P - - 2010
Whole cell permeabilization of Pichia anomala to ameliorate the cell-bound phytase activity and usability of permeabilized cells in dephytinization of soymilk. The cells of P. anomala were subjected to permeabilization using the surfactant Triton X-100 to overcome the permeability barrier and prepare whole cell biocatalysts with high phytase activity. The ...
Pan Haifeng - - 2010
Immobilization of cis-epoxysuccinate hydrolase-containing E. coli for D(-)-tartaric acid production was screened by various methods. The highest recovery of activity was obtained by entrapment in kappa-carrageenan gel. 23.6 g biomass/l and 43.4 g kappa-carrageenan/l were the best immobilization conditions optimized by response surface methodology with 83% yield (114 U/g). Cell ...
Makihira Seicho - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of osteoprotegerin (OPG)-Fc fusion protein immobilized on a titanium surface on the initial differentiation of osteoclast precursor RAW264.7 cells. These cells were cultured on titanium specimens over which OPG-Fc was immobilized. The enhancement of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and ...
Mollaei Monir - - 2010
In this work, Pseudomonas sp. SA01 cells were immobilized in a series of singular and hybrid immobilization techniques to achieve enhanced phenol removal. The singular immobilization strategies consisted of various concentrations of alginate (2-4%) and pectin (3-5%), while the hybrid strategies incorporated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-alginate and glycerol-alginate beads and alginate-chitosan-alginate ...
Leardkamolkarn Vijittra - - 2009
A crude ethanol extract of Kaemperia parviflora Wall. Ex Baker and a purified compound, 5,7,4-trimethoxyflavone (KP.8.10), were evaluated for pharmacological effects on human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (HuCCA-1 and RMCCA-1). The cells were incubated with various concentrations of extract for various time periods and metabolic activity (MTT assay) was assessed for ...
Hwang Sz-Chwun John - - 2009
Acetone is the most common chemical used in the Hsin-chu Science Park in Taiwan. The three-phase airlift bioreactor was designed to absorb acetone into the 39 L of medium solution and then degraded by 2-L polyacrylamide (PAA)-entrapped Thiosphaera pantotropha cell beads. The airlift medium was successfully regenerated and circulated for ...
Mueller Robert - - 2009
Recombinant protein pharmaceuticals may bear some risks and undesirable side effects, such as the appearance of immunogenic reactions. The increased incidence of antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) outside the United States after administration of a human serum albumin (HSA)-free EPREX (recombinant human erythropoietin alpha) formulation was explained with the ...
Chen Jyh-Ping - - 2010
A circulating packed-bed bioreactor system using fibrous nonwoven fabric as the immobilization matrix was suitable for simultaneous cell growth and immobilization of Rhizopus oryzae fungus cells, which could be used for lipase-mediated production of biodiesel by methanolysis of soybean oil. Response surface methodology and 5-level-5-factor central composite rotatable design was ...
Jaisankar S - - 2009
Ferrous iron bio-oxidation by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans immobilized on polyurethane foam was investigated. Cells were immobilized on foams by placing them in a growth environment and fully bacterially activated polyurethane foams (BAPUFs) were prepared by serial subculturing in batches with partially bacterially activated foam (pBAPUFs). The dependence of foam density on ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >