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Konopka Michael C - - 2011
Respiration is widely used for evaluation of the metabolic capabilities or physiological state of the microbial culture. This chapter describes novel approaches for characterization of respiration at a single cell level: (1) flow cytometry-based redox sensing (FCRS) of actively metabolizing microbes; (2) respiration response imaging (RRI) for real-time detection of ...
Polakovicova S - - 2011
The objective of this review is to introduce Merkel cells, to provide a basic overview on the theoretical background of function, development and clinical importance of Merkel cells. Merkel cells (MCs) are post-mitotic neuroendocrine cutaneous cells primarily localized in the epidermal basal layer of vertebrates and concentrated in touch-sensitive areas ...
Mou Xiaozhou - - 2011
The interaction between mammalian host cells and bacteria is a dynamic process, and the underlying pathologic mechanisms are poorly characterized. Limited information describing the host-bacterial interaction is based mainly on studies using label-based endpoint assays that detect changes in cell behavior at a given time point, yielding incomplete information. In ...
Harrison Theresa A - - 2011
Mammalian taste buds contain several specialized cell types that coordinately respond to tastants and communicate with sensory nerves. While it has long been appreciated that these cells undergo continual turnover, little is known concerning how adequate numbers of cells are generated and maintained. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27Kip1 has been ...
Puccia Rosana - - 2011
The cell wall of pathogenic fungi plays import roles in the interaction with the host, so that its composition and structure may determine the course of infection. Here we present an overview of the current and past knowledge on the cell wall constituents of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and P. lutzii. These ...
Srikanta Deepa D Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of - - 2011
Cryptococcus neoformans causes serious disease in immunocompromised individuals, leading to over 600,000 deaths per year worldwide. Part of this impact is due to the organism's ability to thwart what should be the mammalian hosts' first line of defense against cryptococcal infection: internalization by macrophages. Even when C. neoformans is engulfed ...
Hallett Charlene - - 2011
This study investigated (i) the prevalence of conversing on a cell phone while driving in New Zealand, (ii) respondents' perception of risk regarding this behaviour and (iii) attitudes towards legislation banning cell phone use while driving. In addition, the study examined the association between the prevalence of conversing on a ...
Nitti Mariapaola - - 2011
The generation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE), the interaction with their receptors, the generation of reactive oxygen species, and the modulation of intracellular redox equilibrium are believed to be the main factors causing alterations of mesangial cell physiology leading to diabetic nephropathy. Normal human primary mesangial cells were exposed to ...
Kumaravel Vijayalakshmi - - 2010
Cell immobilization is one of the common techniques for increasing the overall cell concentration and productivity. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MBL27 cells were immobilized in calcium alginate beads and it is a promising method for repeated AMP (antimicrobial protein) production. The present study aimed at determining the optimal conditions for immobilization of ...
Vickers Claudia E - - 2010
Hyper-performing whole-cell catalysts are required for the renewable and sustainable production of petrochemical replacements. Chassis cells—self-replicating minimal machines that can be tailored for the production of specific chemicals—will provide the starting point for designing these hyper-performing 'turbo cells'.
Souza Ludmilla R - - 2010
To determine the contributions of mast cells (MC), eosinophil leucocytes (EL) and microvessel density (MVD) in lip carcinogenesis, and to establish the relationships between these biomarkers and their possible prognostic value in lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Archived specimens of lip mucosa (n=13), actinic cheilitis (n=29) and LSCC (n=29) were ...
Faria Ana - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticancer properties of an anthocyanin-pyruvic acid adduct extract, which is being developed aiming to be further applied in the food industry. An anthocyanin extract from blueberry (extract I) and an anthocyanin-pyruvic acid adduct extract (extract II) were tested on two breast ...
O'Brien Natalie P - - 2010
Cell phone use and text messaging in particular are associated with an increased risk of motor vehicle crashes. However, the frequency with which teenagers use cell phones while driving is still largely unknown. The current study obtained self-reported cell phone use behaviors while driving, including text messaging, along with beliefs ...
Andreazza Robson - - 2011
Environmental copper contamination is a serious human health problem. Copper reductase is produced by microorganisms to facilitate copper uptake by ATPases into the cells increasing copper biosorption. This study assessed the reduction of Cu(II) by cell-free extracts of a highly copper-resistant bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. strain NA, isolated from vineyard soil ...
Chang Rui B RB Department of Biological Sciences, Section of Neurobiology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, - - 2010
Five tastes have been identified, each of which is transduced by a separate set of taste cells. Of these sour, which is associated with acid stimuli, is the least understood. Genetic ablation experiments have established that sour is detected by a subset of taste cells that express the TRP channel ...
Steinhilber Dirk - - 2011
We report the preparation of polyglycerol particles on different length scales by extending the size of hyperbranched polyglycerols (3 nm) to nanogels (32 nm) and microgels (140 and 220 μm). We use miniemulsion templating for the preparation of nanogels and microfluidic templating for the preparation of microgels, which we obtain ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2010
INTRODUCTION Cell disruption by nitrogen decompression from a pressurized vessel is a rapid and effective way to homogenize cells and tissues, to release intact organelles, and to prepare cell membranes. Cells are placed in a pressure vessel and large quantities of oxygen-free nitrogen are dissolved in the cells under high ...
Jin Hye-Jin - - 2011
This paper presents a multicellular spheroid chip capable of forming and extracting three-dimensional (3D) spheroids using removable cell trapping barriers. Compared to the conventional macro-scale spheroid formation methods, including spinning, hanging-drop, and liquid-overlay methods, the recent micro-scale spheroid chips have the advantage of forming smaller spheroids with better uniformity. The ...
Antony Runa - - 2011
Co immobilization by two manganese oxidizing isolates from Carlsberg Ridge waters (CR35 and CR48) was compared with that of Mn at same molar concentrations. At a lower concentration of 10 μM, CR35 and CR48 immobilized 22 and 23 fM Co cell(-1) respectively, which was 1.4 to 2 times higher than that ...
Howard Ian A - - 2010
Despite significant study, the precise mechanisms that dictate the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells, such as charge separation and recombination, are still debated. Here, we directly observe efficient ultrafast free charge generation in the absence of field in annealed poly(3-hexylthiophene):methanofullerene (P3HT:PCBM). However, we find this process is much less efficient ...
Prakash Gyan - - 2011
A thermotolerant yeast capable of fermenting xylose to xylitol at 40°C was isolated and identified as a strain of Debaryomyces hansenii by ITS sequencing. This paper reports the production of xylitol from D-xylose and sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose by free and Ca-alginate immobilized cells of D. hansenii. The efficiency of free ...
Benkendorff Kirsten - - 2011
Marine molluscs from the family Muricidae are the source of a homeopathic remedy Murex, which is used to treat a range of conditions, including cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro bioactivity of egg mass extracts of the Australian muricid Dicathais orbita, in comparison to ...
Bolyó Juraj - - 2010
The immobilization of cells or enzymes is a promising tool for the development of biosensors, yet the interactions between the fixative materials and the cells are not fully understood, especially with respect to their impact on both cell metabolism and cell-to-cell signaling. We show that the spatiotemporal dynamics of waves ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2010
In cell affinity chromatography, type-specific cell separation is based on the interaction between cell-surface receptors and an immobilized ligand on a stationary matrix. This protocol describes the preparation of monolithic polyacrylamide and polydimethylacrylamide cryogel affinity matrices that can be used as a generic type-specific cell separation approach. The supermacroporous monolithic ...
Liu Bo B Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, - - 2010
To mimic the dynamic regulation of signaling ligands immobilized on extracellular matrices or on the surfaces of neighboring cells for guidance of cell behavior and fate selection, we have harnessed biomolecular recognition in combination with polymer engineering to create dynamic surfaces on which the accessibility of immobilized ligands to cell ...
Naowaratwattana Wanlaya - - 2010
The entire plant of Morus alba L. (Family Moraceae), or mulberry, possesses medical benefits, including anticancer properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of mulberry leaf extracts on the human hepatoma HepG2 cell line, which is related to hepatocellular carcinoma. Mulberry leaf extracts were prepared using four solvents, each ...
Ning Yawei - - 2010
The effects of production parameters on the biotransformation of sucrose were investigated to enhance the yield of neo-FOS by Xanthophyllomyce dendrorhous cells. Cells showed optimal beta-fructofuranosidase activity at neutral pH condition and the yield of neo-FOS showed no significant differences between buffer and buffer-free systems. Cell concentration negatively affected the ...
Tian Yuting - - 2010
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a potent antioxidative dietary supplement, was produced using a photosynthetic bacteria Rhodospirillum rubrum ATCC 25852 by submerged fermentation supplemented with tobacco biomass hydrolysate (TBH) in comparison with media supplemented with hydrolysates prepared with alfalfa (ABH) or spinach (SBH). Growth medium supplemented with 20% (v/v) TBH was found ...
Genji Takahisa - - 2010
Cell-free translation is one potential approach to the production of functional transmembrane proteins. We have now examined various detergents as supplements to a wheat-germ cell-free system in order to optimize the production and subsequent purification of a functional model transmembrane protein, bacteriorhodopsin. We found that Fos-choline and CHAPS detergents counteracted ...
Staljanssens Dorien - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the in vitro ACE inhibitory and in vivo antihypertensive effect of insect cell extracts. The IC(50) of three insect cell lines from different type and insect species origin: S2 (embryo, Drosophila melanogaster), Sf21 (ovary, Spodoptera frugiperda) and Bm5 (ovary, Bombyx mori), were evaluated. Most interesting ...
Wu Libin - - 2010
Pt-free cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells have been prepared by multi-step pyrolysis of FePc and PhRs, in the best of which show extensively high initial cell performance and good durability compared to other present precious-metal-free cathode catalysts to date.
Abdine Alaa - - 2011
Although solid-state NMR and cell-free expression have recently become standard methods in biology, the combination of the two is still at a very early stage of development. In this article, we will explore several approaches by which cell-free expression could help solid-state NMR in its quest for biomolecular structure and ...
Wu Jian - - 2010
This study used the Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology to optimize immobilization of Gluconobacter oxydans in Ca-alginate gel for the production of benzaldehyde in a biphasic system. Immobilization parameters, such as Na-alginate concentration, cell load, and bead diameter, were optimized. The mathematical model developed was validated and proven to ...
Chen Peihua - - 2011
Taste receptor cells are the taste sensation elements for sour, salty, sweet, bitter and umami sensations. It was demonstrated that there are cell-to-cell communications between type II (sour) and type III (sweet, bitter and umami) taste cells. Serotonin (5-HT) is released from type III cells, which is the only type ...
Siripattanakul Sumana - - 2010
A bench-scale sand column experiment was conducted to investigate nitrate removal from synthetic agricultural infiltrate by denitrifying bacterial cells entrapped in calcium alginate compared to free cells. The effects of methanol as a carbon source and cell loading were examined. Low (0 to 50%) nitrate removal was observed in both ...
Knabben Ingo - - 2010
Up to now biomass has been measured online by impedance analysis only at low cell densities in yeast fermentations. As industrial fermentation processes focus, for example, on producing high target concentrations of biocatalysts or pharmaceutical proteins, it is important to investigate cell growth under high cell-density conditions. Therefore, for the ...
Qin Xiaoxi - - 2010
Using immobilized cells of a novel strain of Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans L29-9 in polymers of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-alginate-boric acid, enantioselective resolution of racemic γ-lactam to produce (-)γ-lactam was successfully carried out. A 6:1 ratio of PVA:sodium alginate not only prevented agglomeration of the matrix but also produced beads with high gel ...
Schaffer Sebastian - - 2010
Evidence from epidemiological studies indicates that adherence to diets rich in secondary plant metabolites, such as polyphenols and phenolic acids, possibly reduces the risk of age-dependent neurodegeneration and subsequent cognitive decline. Olive mill wastewater is particularly rich in the ortho-diphenol hydroxytyrosol (HT) that can be recovered with ad hoc techniques. ...
Menon Vishnu - - 2010
The hydrolysis and ethanol production from tamarind kernel powder (TKP), a rich source of galactoxyloglucan (GXG) was investigated for the first time using xyloglucanase and thermotolerant Debaromyces hansenii. The acid hydrolysis of TKP with 2N H(2)SO(4) at 120 degrees C for 30 min yielded an overall saccharification of 94% based ...
Selimoglu S Mert - - 2010
Alginate has been widely used in various applications since its first extraction. What makes this biopolymer useful is its high biocompatibility and humid gelation conditions. Both of these features bring it into prominence as an ideal immobilization material. However, there are some complicated aspects of cell immobilization using alginate biopolymers. ...
Rodin Sergey - - 2010
We describe a system for culturing human embryonic stem (hES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells on a recombinant form of human laminin-511, a component of the natural hES cell niche. The system is devoid of animal products and feeder cells and contains only one undefined component, human albumin. ...
Winkelhausen Eleonora - - 2010
A new lyophilization technique was used for immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells in hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) gels. The suitability of the lyophilized HEC gels to serve as immobilization matrices for the yeast cells was assessed by calculating the immobilization efficiency and the cell retention in three consecutive batches, each in duration ...
Tourney Janette - - 2010
The production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) by bacteria significantly alters the physical structure of the cell wall-solution interface, potentially affecting cell surface reactivity and colloidal (transport) properties of the cells. This study investigated the effect of the EPS layer on the electrostatic properties of the cell surface by conducting ...
Deng Liu - - 2010
In this study, we reported on the construction of a stable single-chamber ethanol/O(2) biofuel cell harvesting energy from the ethanol and alcoholic beverage. We prepared a composite film which consisted of partially sulfonated (3-mercaptopropyl)-trimethoxysilane sol-gel (PSSG) and chitosan (CHI). The combination of ion-exchange capacity sol-gel and biopolymer chitosan not only ...
Cheng Kuan-Chen - - 2010
Biofilms are defined as microbial cell layers, which are irreversibly or reversibly attached on solid surfaces. These attached cells are embedded in a self-produced exopolysaccharide matrix, and exhibit different growth and bioactivity compared with suspended cells. With their high biomass density, stability, and potential for long-term fermentation, biofilm reactors are ...
Jun Sun-Ae - - 2010
The production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) was investigated with Klebsiella pneumoniae DSM 4799 using raw glycerol without purification obtained from a biodiesel production process. Fed-batch cultures with suspended cells revealed that 1,3-PD production was more effective when utilizing raw glycerol than pure glycerol (productivity after 47 h of fermentation, 0.84 g ...
He Yu-Cai - - 2010
The nitrilase from Alcaligenes faecalis ECU0401 belongs to the category of arylacetonitrilase, which could hydrolyze 2-chloromandelonitrile, 3,4-dimethoxyphenylacetonitrile, mandelonitrile, and phenylacetonitrile into the corresponding arylacetic acids. To overcome the permeability barrier and prepare whole cell biocatalysts with high activities, permeabilization of Alcaligenes faecalis ECU0401 in relation to nitrilase activity was optimized ...
Tshukudu Gloria M - - 2010
Since the early 1980s a plethora of dressings has been developed to promote wound healing. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of silver based dressings and honey based dressings on cell viability. In this blinded study, keratinocyte cultures were exposed to prepared extracts of each of ...
Stanojković Tatjana P - - 2010
In recent times interest has increased in the complementary medicine of cancer patients. Two herbal mixtures were prepared from 17 and 12 plants, respectively. The goal of this study was to examine the in vitro cytotoxic and cell cycle effects of the aqueous-ethanol extracts (Extract 1 and Extract 2) obtained ...
Teh Sue-Siang - - 2010
Cell immobilization is an alternative to microencapsulation for the maintenance of cells in a liquid medium. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of agrowastes from durian (Durio zibethinus), cempedak (Artocarpus champeden), and mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) as immobilizers for lactobacilli grown in soymilk. Rinds from the agrowastes ...
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