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Results 451 - 500 of 1346
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Muryoi Naomi - - 2003
Some ice-nucleating bacterial strains, including Pantoea ananatis (Erwinia uredovora), Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Pseudomonas syringae isolates, were examined for the ability to shed ice nuclei into the growth medium. A novel ice-nucleating bacterium, Pseudomonas antarctica IN-74, was isolated from Ross Island, Antarctica. Cell-free ice nuclei from P. antarctica IN-74 were different ...
Dulekgurgen Ebru - - 2003
To help confirm and interpret the Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) performance of the microbial populations in a laboratory-scale activated sludge (AS) system, conventional microscopic examinations were carried out. A lab-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR), named ARC, was fed with acetate, as the sole carbon source, and operated for EBPR. ...
el-Naggar Mousatfa Y - - 2003
The production of an antibiotic by free and immobilized cells of Streptomyces violatus through entrapment or adsorption on different materials was investigated. S. violatus entrapped in Ca-alginate beads gave low antibiotic activity compared to the free cell or adsorbed cell, while the adsorption of S. violatus on sponge cubes yielded ...
Kundu Subir - - 2003
Cephalosporins are usually produced semisynthetically from Cephalosporin-C, which is exclusively produced by Cephalosporium acremonium. Free cell studies for the production of Cephalosporin-C had some limitation such as pulpy growth of fungus causing an appreciable rise in the broth viscosity affecting the transfer of oxygen and other nutrients into the cells. ...
Lamboley Laurence - - 2003
The aim of this research was to produce concentrated biomasses of thermophilic lactic starters using immobilized cell technology (ICT). Fermentations were carried out in milk using pH control with cells microentrapped in alginate beads. In the ICT fermentations, beads represented 17% of the weight. Some assays were carried out with ...
Konan Y N - - 2003
The cellular uptake, localization and efflux of meso-tetra-(4-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (p-THPP)-loaded nanoparticles have been studied in EMT-6 tumor cells. The effect of blood serum on photocytotoxicity has also been evaluated. Sub-130 nm nanoparticles based on poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) (50:50 PLGA and 75:25 PLGA) and poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) have been examined in comparison with free ...
Lens P N L - - 2003
This paper describes a novel bioscrubber concept for biological flue gas desulfurization, based on the recycling of a cell suspension of sulfite/sulfate reducing bacteria between a scrubber and a sulfite/sulfate reducing hydrogen fed bioreactor. Hydrogen metabolism in sulfite/sulfate reducing cell suspensions was investigated using batch activity tests and by operating ...
Wang Jian Long - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biodegradation of di-n-methyl pathalate by free and immobilized microbial cells. METHODS: The enrichment and isolation technique was used to isolate the microorganism. The PAV-entrapment method was utilized to immobilize the microorganisms. The scanning electron microscophy (SEM) was used to observe the growth and distribution of microbial ...
Mallouchos Athanasios - - 2003
A biocatalyst was prepared by immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells on grape skins. Repeated batch fermentations were conducted using the immobilized biocatalyst as well as the free yeast cells at 25, 20, 15, and 10 degrees C. The major volatile byproducts were determined by GC, whereas the minor volatile constituents ...
Dong Xin-Jiao - - 2003
Aspergillus ficuum was immobilized with sodium alginate, and decolourization of Reactive Brilliant Blue KN-R was studied on immobilized and free Aspergillus ficuum. The optimal preparation condition of the strain immobilization was obtained by the orthogonal test, it is sodium alginate 3%, CaCl2 5%, wet mycelia 30 g/L, calcific time 8 ...
Lee Sun-Ok - - 2003
Lactobacillus reuteri was immobilized on silica gel to evaluate the bioconversion of linoleic acid (LA) into conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), consisting of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 isomers. The amount of cell to carrier, the reaction time, and the substrate concentration, pH, and temperature for CLA production were optimized at 10 mg ...
Dürrschmid Markus P - - 2003
Economically viable biopharmaceutical production is to a high degree dependent on high product yields and stable fermentation systems that are easy to handle. In the current study we have compared two different fermentation systems for the production of recombinant protein from CHO cells. Both systems are fully scaleable and can ...
Adamitsch Bernhard F - - 2003
Brevibacterium linens forms hydrolytic enzymes which can be used to accelerate the ripening of cheese without causing bitterness. B. linens ATCC 9172 was grown to a high cell density (50 g dry wt l-1 after 60 h) in a mineral medium containing lactic acid, soy-peptone and ammonium sulphate by applying ...
Quan C S - - 2003
Cells of Candida krusei capable of producing phytase were immobilized in Ca-alginate gel beads and used for the preparation of myo-inositol phosphates. The immobilization yield was increased about 5-fold after the beads were treated for 96 h at pH 4.0, 4 degrees C. The increased yield was retained, even after ...
Mallouchos Athanasios - - 2003
A biocatalyst was prepared by immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells on grape skins. Repeated batch fermentations were conducted using this biocatalyst as well as free cells, at 25, 20, 15, and 10 degrees C. Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used in monitoring the evolution of volatile byproducts. The effect of ...
Liu Yu - - 2003
Cell hydrophobicity is an important affinity force in cell self-immobilization and attachment processes. The role of cell hydrophobicity in the formation of aerobic granules has not been clear. Therefore, two series of experiments were conducted to investigate the role of cell hydrophobicity in the formation of aerobic heterotrophic and nitrifying ...
Chen Kuo-Cheng - - 2003
A microbial consortium having a high capacity for rapid decolorization of azo dye (RED RBN) was immobilized by a phosphorylated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel. The immobilized-cell beads exhibited a color removal capability of 75%, even at a high concentration of RED RBN (500 mg l(-1)) within 12 h using flask ...
Komaraiah P - - 2003
Cell cultures of Plumbago rosea were immobilized in calcium alginate and cultured in Murashige and Skoog's basal medium containing 10 mM CaCl(2) for the production of plumbagin, an important medicinal compound. Studies were carried to find out the impact of immobilization on the increased accumulation of this secondary metabolite. Immobilization ...
Usama Beshay
The conditions for immobilizing the new alkaline protease-producing bacteria strain Teredinobacter turnirae   by entrapment in calcium alginate gel were investigated. The influence of alginate concentration (20, 25 and 30 g/l) and initial cell loading (ICL) on enzyme production were studied. The production of alkaline protease improved significantly with increasing ...
Long Zhong-er - - 2003
PVA-cryogels entrapping about 10(9) cells of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans per ml of gel were prepared by freezing-thawing procedure, and the biooxidation of Fe2+ by immobilized cells was investigated in a 0.365 l packed-bed bioreactor. Fe2+ oxidation fits a plug-flow reaction model well. A maximum oxidation rate of 3.1 g Fe2+ l(-1) ...
Abukhdeir Abde M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Previous findings have demonstrated Li+/Mg2+ competition at therapeutic intracellular Li+ levels after acute Li+ treatment in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. In the current study, we examined whether Li+/Mg2+ competition exists at therapeutically relevant extra- and intracellular [Li+] after chronic Li+ loading times. METHODS: In human neuroblastoma cells, intracellular free ...
Desouky Abd-El-Haleem, Usama Beshay, ...
Using Ca-alginate immobilized cells of Acinetobacter   sp. strain W-17, the effects of ammonium-N and nitrate-N on the biodegradation of phenol were investigated. Degradation experiments in three different culture media; minimal salts medium (MSM), simulated (SW) and modified simulated wastewater (MSW) were performed. With the freely suspended cells (cell dry ...
Lo W - - 2003
Investigations were carried out to study the removal and recovery of Cu(II) ions from wastewater by Micrococcus sp. The Langmuir isotherm model described very well the equilibrium behavior of copper biosorption, with maximum biosorption capacity (q(max)) reaching 52.1 mg Cu2+/g dry cell at pH 6. Biomass prewashed with sulfuric acid ...
Ohyama Kunio - - 2003
A crude extract was prepared with ethanol from dried ripened Vitex agnus-castus fruits growing in Israel (Vitex extract). Cytotoxicity of the extract against human uterine cervical canal fibroblast (HCF), human embryo fibroblast (HE-21), ovarian cancer (MCF-7), cervical carcinoma (SKG-3a), breast carcinoma (SKOV-3), gastric signet ring carcinoma (KATO-III), colon carcinoma (COLO ...
Katsube Naomi - - 2003
Among ethanol extracts of 10 edible berries, bilberry extract was found to be the most effective at inhibiting the growth of HL60 human leukemia cells and HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells in vitro. Bilberry extract induced apoptotic cell bodies and nucleosomal DNA fragmentation in HL60 cells. The proportion of apoptotic ...
Hara Mariko - - 2003
Cell growth and the production of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were investigated in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tumor (CW-2) cells cultured on extracellular matrix (ECM) protein membranes, heat-treated poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylamine) (PVA-EA) membranes, and PVA-EA membranes containing immobilized ECM proteins. The highest concentration of CEA was found in the cell culture media of ...
Heo Jinseok - - 2003
Viable E. coli cells were entrapped in hydrogel micropatches photopolymerized within microfluidic systems. The microfluidic channels and the micropatches have sizes on the order of 100-500 microm. Small molecules, such as dyes and surfactants, present in the solution surrounding the hydrogel, are able to diffuse into the gel and encounter ...
Li Chia-Ni - - 2003
To determine the source of cell-free DNA detected in the serum of cancer patients, we monitored the release of cell-free DNA and tumor markers from tumor cell lines using the cell culture technique. During the first 6 days of cell culture, we found very low concentrations of DNA and a ...
Orive G - - 2003
Cell microencapsulation has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy to treat a wide range of diseases. The optimisation of this technology depends on several critical issues such as the careful selection of the cell line, the controlled manufacture of microcapsules and the suitable adaptation of the construct design to the ...
Farías M E - - 2003
AIMS: To characterize and analyze the flocculation phenomenon of Kloeckera apiculata mc1 from Argentinian wine to understand the cell-cell interaction pattern. METHODS AND RESULTS: Kloeckera apiculata mc1 possess intense cell-cell interactions in MYPG medium (0.5% malt extract, 1% yeast extract, 2% glucose, 2% peptone), pH 5.5 by shaking at 25 ...
Jim Plusquellic,Joseph Thomas
Introduction The process of searching for a cell and achieving synchronization between the mobile station and the base station is called cell search. Cell search is performed when a mobile station is switched on (initial cell search) and also during a call or idle mode (target cell search). L2 Cell ...
Bai Yun - - 2002
Aqueous extraction kinetics of recombinant beta-glucuronidase (rGUS) from transgenic canola (Brassica napus) was investigated in terms of the particle size and microstructural characteristics resulting from canola seed processing. The canola had been transformed to express recombinant GUS intracellulary in the seed, and electron microscopy showed that the cells are distributed ...
Nazzi Francesco - - 2002
The parasitic mite Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, the most serious threat to apiculture in many countries of the world, reproduces inside honeybee brood cells. Previous research, using artificial cells for rearing the mite on an Apis mellifera larva, indicated that semiochemicals affecting the reproduction of Varroa destructor are released ...
Boon Nico - - 2002
The survival and activity of microbial degradative inoculants in bioreactors is critical to obtain successful biodegradation of non- or slowly degradable pollutants. Achieving this in industrial wastewater reactors is technically challenging. We evaluated a strategy to obtain complete and stable bioaugmentation of activated sludge, which is used to treat a ...
Shepard Scot R SR Diosynth RTP, Inc, 3000 Weston Parkway, Cary, NC 27513, USA. - - 2002
A cell permeabilization method for the release of intracellular proteins from microbial cells was developed. The method was applied to the recovery of recombinant botulinum neurotoxin fragments, expressed intracellularly in the yeast Pichia pastoris, by suspending the cells in an aqueous solution containing N,N-dimethyltetradecylamine. For the botulinum neurotoxin serotype B ...
Moslemy Peyman - - 2002
Encapsulated cell bioaugmentation is a novel alternative solution to in situ bioremediation of contaminated aquifers. This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of such a remediation strategy based on the performance of encapsulated cells in the biodegradation of gasoline, a major groundwater contaminant. An enriched bacterial consortium, isolated from ...
Padmanabhan Prabhu Arcot - - 2002
Water-insoluble, cell-free dextran biosynthesis from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-523 has been examined. Cell-bound dextransucrase is used to produce cell-free dextran in a sucrose-rich acetate buffer medium. A comparison between the soluble and insoluble dextrans is made for various sucrose concentrations, and 15% sucrose gave the highest amount of cell-free dextran ...
Gutenwik Jan - - 2002
Here we examine the efficiency of different immobilized cell gradients applied to immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermenting glucose to ethanol. We developed a simulation model to fully study the competing effects of mass transfer hindrance and kinetics. It is based on a diffusion-reaction model and can be used to analyze the ...
Tachibana Akira - - 2002
A double-strand break was introduced in plasmid pZErO-2 at a specific site within the ccdB gene that is lethal to Escherichia coli cells and treated with nuclear extracts from human cells. The efficiency of rejoining was monitored by Southern blot analysis and the fidelity of rejoining was measured by expressing ...
Wu Shu-Yii - - 2002
Municipal sewage sludge was immobilized to produce hydrogen gas under anaerobic conditions. Cell immobilization was essentially achieved by gel entrapment approaches, which were physically or chemically modified by addition of activated carbon (AC), polyurethane (PU), and acrylic latex plus silicone (ALSC). The performance of hydrogen fermentation with a variety of ...
Talorete Terence P N - - 2002
The edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill is considered a health food in many countries after it was reported to be a source of antitumor and immunoactive compounds. An aqueous extract (AE) from this basidiomycete significantly enhanced the expression of the c-Jun/activator protein-1 (AP1) in the human breast cancer cell line ...
Díaz María Piedad - - 2002
The bacterial consortium MPD-M, isolated from sediment associated with Colombian mangrove roots, was effective in the treatment of hydrocarbons in water with salinities varying from 0 to 180 g L(-1). Where the salinity of the culture medium surpassed 20 g L(-1), its effectiveness increased when the cells were immobilized on ...
Carvalho Walter - - 2002
Candida guilliermondii cells, immobilized in Ca-alginate beads, were used for batch xylitol production from concentrated sugarcane bagasse hydrolyzate. Maximum xylitol concentration (20.6 g/L), volumetric productivity (0.43 g/L. h), and yield (0.47 g/g) obtained after 48 h of fermentation were higher than similar immobilized-cell systems but lower than free-cell cultivation systems. ...
Begoña Prieto M - - 2002
A strain of Rhodococcus erythropolis has been isolated and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Cells acclimated to phenol can be adsorbed on the external surface of beads of the ceramic support Biolite where they grow forming a network of large filaments. Exponentially-growing cells were adsorbed faster than their stationary-phase counterparts. ...
Oven Matjaz - - 2002
Cobalt complexation was investigated in a suspension cell culture of the cobalt hyperaccumulator Crotalaria cobalticola. C. cobalticola cells were more tolerant towards cobalt ions than the suspension cells of the non-accumulators Rauvolfia serpentina and Silene cucubalus. While the concentration of various compounds increased in cells of C. cobalticola challenged with ...
Mei L-H - - 2002
The cultivation of encapsulated S. cerevisiae in NaCS-PDMDAAC polyelectrolyte complexes was studied. The results showed that the encapsulated microorganisms had the same growth trends as in its free cell culture and, thus, NaCS-PDMDAAC microcapsules were suitable for the encapsulation of these biological substances. The encapsulated S. cerevisiae cells were fermented ...
Filmon R - - 2002
Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) has potentially wide biomedical applications: it is biocompatible, allows immobilization of cells or bioactive molecules and has a hardness comparable to bone. We previously reported that immobilization of alkaline phosphatase (AlkP) in pHEMA can initiate mineralization in a manner that mimics the calcification of cartilage and woven ...
Mallouchos Athanasios - - 2002
A biocatalyst was prepared by immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain AXAZ-1 on delignified cellulosic material (DCM). Repeated batch fermentations were conducted using these biocatalysts and free cells, separately, at temperatures of 20, 15, and 10 degrees C. Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used in monitoring the formation of volatile alcohols, ...
Philipp Bodo - - 2002
The denitrifying bacterium Thauera aromatica strain AR-1 grows anaerobically with protocatechuate (3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (DHB)) as sole energy and carbon source. This bacterium harbors two distinct pathways for degradation of aromatic compounds, the benzoyl-coenzyme A (CoA) pathway for benzoate degradation and the hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ) pathway for degradation of 3,5-DHB. In order to ...
Sakai Tatuji - - 2002
Effects of fifteen particulate objects, fourteen metals and one non-metal on cell viability of osteoblast-like cells were studied in vitro, to determine whether an adverse effect on cells could be induced by the particulate form or soluble ions. The Al, Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, and Fe particulates depressed ...
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