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Filmon R - - 2002
Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) has potentially wide biomedical applications: it is biocompatible, allows immobilization of cells or bioactive molecules and has a hardness comparable to bone. We previously reported that immobilization of alkaline phosphatase (AlkP) in pHEMA can initiate mineralization in a manner that mimics the calcification of cartilage and woven ...
Mei L-H - - 2002
The cultivation of encapsulated S. cerevisiae in NaCS-PDMDAAC polyelectrolyte complexes was studied. The results showed that the encapsulated microorganisms had the same growth trends as in its free cell culture and, thus, NaCS-PDMDAAC microcapsules were suitable for the encapsulation of these biological substances. The encapsulated S. cerevisiae cells were fermented ...
Oven Matjaz - - 2002
Cobalt complexation was investigated in a suspension cell culture of the cobalt hyperaccumulator Crotalaria cobalticola. C. cobalticola cells were more tolerant towards cobalt ions than the suspension cells of the non-accumulators Rauvolfia serpentina and Silene cucubalus. While the concentration of various compounds increased in cells of C. cobalticola challenged with ...
Mallouchos Athanasios - - 2002
A biocatalyst was prepared by immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain AXAZ-1 on delignified cellulosic material (DCM). Repeated batch fermentations were conducted using these biocatalysts and free cells, separately, at temperatures of 20, 15, and 10 degrees C. Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used in monitoring the formation of volatile alcohols, ...
Philipp Bodo - - 2002
The denitrifying bacterium Thauera aromatica strain AR-1 grows anaerobically with protocatechuate (3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (DHB)) as sole energy and carbon source. This bacterium harbors two distinct pathways for degradation of aromatic compounds, the benzoyl-coenzyme A (CoA) pathway for benzoate degradation and the hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ) pathway for degradation of 3,5-DHB. In order to ...
de-Bashan Luz E - - 2002
Three strains of the freshwater microalgae used for wastewater treatment, Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella sorokiniana co-immobilized separately in alginate beads with the microalgae-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Cd, resulted in significant changes in microalgal-population size, cell size, cell cytology, pigment, lipid content, and the variety of fatty acids produced in comparison ...
Sakai Tatuji - - 2002
Effects of fifteen particulate objects, fourteen metals and one non-metal on cell viability of osteoblast-like cells were studied in vitro, to determine whether an adverse effect on cells could be induced by the particulate form or soluble ions. The Al, Ti, Zr, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, and Fe particulates depressed ...
Zhaoxin Lu - - 2002
Various compositions of 2-hydroxyethacrylate (HEA) and methoxy polyethylene glycol methacrylate (M23G) monomers were irradiated by gamma-rays at low temperature (-78 degrees C) to synthesize polymer carriers for effectively immobilizing yeast cells. The yeast cells were immobilized by cell adhesion onto/in these polymers. The ethanol productivity of immobilized yeast cells with ...
Kim Jin-Woo - - 2002
Pesticide wastes generated from livestock dipping operations containing the organophosphate (OP) insecticide coumaphos (CP) are well suited for disposal by biodegradation since they are highly concentrated (approximately 1 g/L), generally contained, and lack additional toxic components. In this study, a significantly enhanced efficiency of degrading CP in cattle dip waste ...
Lebeau T - - 2002
In oyster ponds, the marine diatom Haslea ostrearia synthesises and excretes a hydrosoluble pigment of commercial interest called marennin. During the benthic stage, when algal cells are naturally immobilised in their own polysaccharides, marennin production is higher. To optimise this production, axenic cultures of H. ostrearia were immobilised in a ...
Wang H-W HW Institute of Toxicology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 1 Jen Ai Road, Section 1, Taipei, - - 2002
The effect of airborne frying-meat emission particulate (FMEP) on cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent monooxygenase was determined using human lung adenocarcinoma cell line CL5 treated with organic extract of FMEP prepared from beef, fish or pork. Treatment with fish FMEP extract caused greater increases of intracellular peroxide production and glutathione content than ...
Di Lernia Isabella - - 2002
The enzymatic production of trehalose from dextrins was studied as a series reaction in a packed bed reactor containing immobilized recombinant Escherichia coli cells, expressing either the Sulfolobus solfataricus (strain MT4) trehalosyl-dextrin forming enzyme (TDFE) or the trehalose-forming enzyme (TFE). The cells, subjected to thermal treatments to increase cell permeability ...
Lendeckel Uwe - - 2002
Short-boiled aqueous extract from leaves of Cistus incanus L. ssp. incanus (CIT) dose-dependently inhibit the enzymatic activities of both alanyl aminopeptidase (APN, CD13, EC 3.4.11.2) and dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DP IV, CD26, EC 3.4.14.5). This inhibition is not reversible and very likely results from a covalent binding of reactive compounds to ...
Garbayo Inés - - 2002
Whereas in freely suspended cell cultures growing photoautotrophically under non-limiting carbon conditions nitrite and nitrate were simultaneously consumed after ammonium consumption was complete, in alginate-entrapped cell cultures a sequential consumption of nitrite (first) and nitrate was observed after ammonium had almost been fully removed. In this paper results are reported ...
Ternan Nigel G - - 2002
The thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 was capable of utilising either iminodiacetate or nitrilotriacetate as a sole source of nitrogen for growth. Cell extracts contained iminodiacetate dehydrogenase and nitrilotriacetate monooxygenase activities, suggesting the presence in the yeast of orthologues of these bacterial enzymes. The activities were not detectable in complete ...
Kondo A - - 2002
A Strain of host yeast YF207, which is a tryptophan auxotroph and shows strong flocculation ability, was obtained from SaccharomYces diastaticus ATCC60712 and S. cerevisiae W303-1B by tetrad analysis. The plasmid pGA11, which is a multicopy plasmid for cell-surface expression of the Rhyzopus oryzae glucoamylase/alpha-agglutinin fusion protein, was then introduced ...
Zhu Qianlong - - 2002
Soybean consumption may be beneficial to prevention of certain human cancers. Low incidence of colon cancer in Asian countries is associated with consumption of soybean products. A limited number of human and animal studies suggested that soybean consumption might prevent colon cancer; other studies did not support this conclusion. Therefore, ...
Kitamura Yoshie - - 2002
The responses of anthocyanin-producing (violet) and non-producing (white) cells of Glehnia littoralis to radical generators were compared. Cell growth, anthocyanin content, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity and furanocoumarin production were determined after treatment with H(2)O(2), 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), X-ray and yeast extract, independently. AAPH and H(2)O(2) repressed the growth of both ...
El-Batal Ahmed I - - 2002
Studies have been conducted on L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) production and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) stabilization in the presence of several optimum effectors and reducing agents under bioconversion of transcinnamic acid (t-CA) conditions during repeated batch operations. L-Phe production was maximized and reuseability of PAL catalyst was extended to eight consecutive cycles ...
Lienhardt Jason - - 2002
Acetone butanol ethanol was produced in a continuous immobilized cell (biofilm) plug-flow reactor inoculated with Clostridium beijerinckii BA101. To achieve high reactor productivity, C. beijerinckii BA101 cells were immobilized by adsorption onto clay brick. The continuous plug-flow reactor offers high productivities owing to reduced butanol inhibition and increased cell concentration. ...
Yoshikawa Osamu - - 2002
We developed a fed-batch culture system fed with ethanol and restricted amounts of sulfur compounds to enhance and stabilize the desulfurizing activity in bacterial cells. In this system using dibenzothiophene (DBT) as the sole sulfur source, a desulfurizing bacterium Rhodococcus erythropolis KA2-5-1 cultivated with small amounts of sulfur showed stable ...
Carvalho Walter - - 2002
Candida guilliermondii cells were immobilized in Ca-alginate beads and used for xylitol production from concentrated sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate during five successive fermentation batches, each lasting 48 hours. The bioconversion efficiency of 53.2%, the productivity of 0.50 g/l x h and the final xylitol concentration of 23.8 g/l obtained in the ...
Li Z - - 2001
Hydroxylation of N-benzylpyrrolidine 8 with resting cells of Sphingomonas sp. HXN-200 gave N-benzyl-3-hydroxypyrrolidine 15 in 53% ee (S) with an activity of 5.8 U/g CDW. By changing the "docking/protecting group" in pyrrolidines, hydroxylation activity and enantioselectivity were further improved and the enantiocomplementary formation of 3-hydroxypyrrolidines was achieved: hydroxylation of N-benzoyl-, ...
Yang S S - - 2001
This study examined whether the production of oxytetracycline by Streptomyces rimosus TM-55 (CCRC 960061) would be improved with calcium alginate immobilization in submerged fermentation compared with free cells. Results showed that in 1-mL culture broth, free cells produced 121 to 124 microg of oxytetracycline, whereas immobilized cells produced 153 to ...
Jamai L - - 2001
Calcium alginate-immobilized Candida tropicalis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae are compared for glucose fermentation. Immobilized C. tropicalis cells showed a slight morphological alteration during ethanol production at 40 degrees C, but their fermentation capacity was reduced by 25%. Under immobilization conditions, the two species demonstrated two different mathematical patterns when the relationship ...
Rosche B - - 2001
Extracts of 14 filamentous fungi were examined regarding their potential for production of (R)-phenylacetylcarbinol [(R)-PAC], which is the chiral precursor in the manufacture of the pharmaceuticals ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. Benzaldehyde and pyruvate were transformed at a scale of 1.2 ml into PAC by cell-free extracts of all selected strains, covering ...
Klinkenberg G - - 2001
AIMS: To investigate the growth and release of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis in gel beads and to affect rates of cell release by changing the growth conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The rate of release and the distribution of immobilized L. lactis subsp. lactis in alginate beads were studied in continuous ...
Mota M - - 2001
Diffusion in pure gels and gels with immobilized cells was analyzed. A model of diffusion assuming a homogeneous cell distribution in gel was improved by introducing a tortuosity value. By theoretical analysis and numerical modeling it was shown that the tortuosity of a gel with immobilized cells is the product ...
Dias J C - - 2001
Nitrile degradation by Candida guilliermondii CCT 7207 using free and immobilized cell systems was compared. Different specific growth rates were observed for immobilized (mumax=0.021 h(-1)) and the free cells (mumax=0.029 h(-1)). The maximum specific rate of acetic acid formation was 0.387 h(-1) and 0.266 h(-1) for free and immobilized cells, ...
von Bernhardi R - - 2001
Astrocytes and microglia are closely associated with amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Microglia constitute the first barrier surrounding plaques, although they seem to be unable to remove them efficiently. We evaluated the reaction of microglial cells from neonatal rats and mice to plaque mimetics. The C-terminal part of the ...
Jianlong W - - 2001
Burkholderia sp, a gram-negative, rod-shaped, aerobe, capable of degrading quinoline was immobilized in calcium alginate gel beads and used for degradation of quinoline in aqueous solution in the reactor. The optimal conditions for immobilization of the microorganism, such as alginate concentration, calcium ion concentration, initial cell loading, hardening time and ...
Oravecz K - - 2001
These experiments tested the differentiation properties of the PC-12 cell line under conditions of in vitro generation of OH&z.rad; free radicals by Fenton reaction. This involves the simultaneous addition of the following reactants: ADP-Fe(2+)-complex (0.1 mM for iron) and H(2)O(2) (0.025 mM), final concentrations. Superoxide dismutase activity, the increase of ...
Alexander G - - 2001
The effects of thyroid hormone on the production of vitamin A(2) retinoids from vitamin A(1) precursor were investigated in retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells obtained from juvenile coho salmon. Specifically, changes in the production of both the storage and the free forms of radiolabeled 3,4-didehydroretinoids were measured after 24 and ...
Repetto G - - 2001
Experimental bioassays are currently used in ecotoxicology and environmental toxicology to provide information for risk assessment evaluation of new chemicals and to investigate their effects and mechanisms of action; in addition, ecotoxicological models are used for the detection, control and monitoring of the presence of pollutants in the environment. As ...
Boden S E - - 2001
Commercially available extracts from Boswellia serrata resin used as anti-inflammatory drugs or phytonutrients show paradoxical concentration-dependent potentiating and inhibitory actions on 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) product synthesis in stimulated PMNs. In our attempt to characterize the stimulating constituents, we identified the tetracyclic triterpene 3-oxo-tirucallic acid (3-oxo-TA), which, in the range from 2.5 ...
Lohmeier-Vogel E M - - 2001
Free and agarose-encapsulated pentachlorophenol (PCP)-degrading Sphingomonas sp. isolates UG25 and UG30 were compared to Sphingomonas chlorophenolica ATCC 39723 with respect to the ability to degrade PCP. Pretreatment of the UG25 and UG30 strains with 50 microg of PCP per ml enabled the cells to subsequently degrade higher levels of this ...
Ban K - - 2001
As part of a research program aimed at producing biodiesel fuel from plant oils enzymatically cells of Rhizopus oryzae (R. oryzae) IFO4697 (with a 1,3-positional specificity lipase) immobilized within biomass support particles (BSPs) were investigated for the methanolysis of soybean oil. The R. oryzae cells easily became immobilized within the ...
Saratani Y - - 2001
The enantioselectivity of ECAA to ECHB by eight fungi of four genus was evaluated. All strains showed (S)-selectivity, and Cylindrocarpon sclerotigenum IFO 31855 gave the highest yield and good optical purity (e.e.; >99%). Cell-free extract and acetone-dried cells of C. sclerotigenum IFO 31855 reduced ECAA to (S)-ECHB in the presence ...
Mattana A - - 2001
The role played by soluble molecules that may participate in acanthamoebal cytopathogenicity has yet to be fully characterized. We demonstrate here that Acanthamoeba castellanii trophozoites constitutively release ADP in the medium. Cell-free supernatants prepared from A. castellanii, by interaction with specific P(2y2) purinoceptors expressed on the Wish cell membrane, caused ...
Bildirici L - - 2001
This study has investigated possible alternative types of beads for fractionating cells on the basis of density perturbation. It is well known that uniform magnetic beads can be extremely important tools for separating cells by both magnetic separation techniques and density perturbation. However, because of the inherent expense associated with ...
Klinkenberg G - - 2001
The effects of chitosan and alginate coatings of alginate beads with entrapped Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis were studied in batch and continuous fermentations. Chitosan coating reduced the final concentrations of free cells, the initial release of free cells and the rate of lactate production in milk fermented batch-wise to a ...
Dunn B - - 2001
Three protocols are presented for preparing protein extracts; they differ primarily in the way the cells are broken. In the basic protocol, cells are enzymatically converted to spheroplasts, which are then lysed by a combination of osmotic shock and Dounce homogenization. A support protocol for isolating intact nuclei by differential ...
Voss I - - 2001
The triacylglycerol (TAG)-accumulating bacterium Rhodococcus opacus strain PD630 was investigated with respect to the fermentative production of TAGs consisting of an unusually high fraction of fatty acids with an odd-number of carbon atoms and unsaturated monoenic fatty acids from sugar beet molasses and sucrose. Fed-batch fermentations were optimized at the ...
Manohar S - - 2001
A Pseudomonas sp. strain NGKI (NCIM 5120) capable of degrading naphthalene was immobilized in polyurethane foam. The naphthalene-degrading activity of the freely suspended cells was compared with that of immobilized cells in batches in shaken culture and in a continuous culture system in a packed-bed reactor. Increasing concentrations of naphthalene ...
de Nys R - - 2001
The new metabolite [1-(2'-methylpropoxy)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy]butane was isolated from the cell-free culture supernatant of the marine bacterium Vibrio angustum S14 as part of studies investigating the role of chemical signals in prokaryote--prokaryote and prokaryote--eukaryote interactions. The structure was elucidated by interpretation of its high-field NMR and mass spectrometric data. [1-(2'-Methylpropoxy)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy]butane induced the ...
Naito M - - 2001
In this study, biodesulfurization (BDS) was carried out using immobilized Rhodococcus erythropolis KA2-5-1 in n-tetradecane containing dibenzothiophene (DBT) as a model oil (n-tetradecane/immobilized cell biphasic system). The cells were immobilized by entrapping them with calcium alginate, agar, photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers (ENT-4000 and ENTP-4000), and urethane prepolymers (PU-3 and PU-6); and ...
Lee S I - - 2001
The mechanisms of Marek's disease virus (MDV) entry to host cells have not yet been analyzed. Heparan sulfate (HS) on the cell surface serves as a receptor for several herpesviruses in mammalian species. In this study, we demonstrated that plaque formation by cell-free MDV is inhibited by the addition of ...
Bang S S. - - 2001
Polyurethane (PU) foam was used to immobilize the whole cell of Bacillus pasteurii. The immobilized cells exhibited the rates of calcite precipitation and ammonia production as high as those of the free cells. Scanning electron micrographs identified the cells embedded in calcite crystals throughout PU matrices. Calcite in PU showed ...
Griffin D R - - 2001
There is a need to develop methods for producing enantiomerically pure pharmaceuticals because the racemic mixtures made today will probably not be allowed in the future. Synthetic chiral catalysts are being developed for this purpose, as well as new product separation techniques. Another possible option is to use biocatalysts, such ...
Frazier B L - - 2001
Encapsulated cell systems provide some advantages over typical suspension cell cultivations as higher cell densities may be obtained; however, the supply of nutrients to the cells often is a limiting factor in productivity. In this study, we describe the development of a new approach to characterize the effective diffusivity of ...
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