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Nkrumah-Elie Yasmeen M YM Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, Tallahassee, FL 32307, USA. - - 2012
Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is a garlic organosulfide that is toxic to cancer cells, however, little is known about its effect in the initiation phase of carcinogenesis. We sought to determine whether DATS could inhibit the carcinogen, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), from inducing precancerous activity, in vitro. MCF-10A cells were either pre-treated (PreTx) ...
Wilsker Deborah - - 2012
Many cancer cells are unable to maintain a numerically stable chromosome complement. It is well established that aberrant cell division can generate progeny with increased ploidy, but the genetic factors required for maintenance of diploidy are not well understood. Using an isogenic model system derived by gene targeting, we examined ...
Iavicoli Ivo - - 2012
Environmental concentration of the platinum group elements is increased in the last years due to their use in automobile catalytic converters. Limited data are available on the effects of such elements at a cellular level and on their toxicity, especially for rhodium and iridium which have been more recently introduced ...
Lee In Hye - - 2012
Withdrawal of nutrients triggers an exit from the cell division cycle, the induction of autophagy, and eventually the activation of cell death pathways. The relation, if any, among these events is not well characterized. We found that starved mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking the essential autophagy gene product Atg7 failed to ...
Jiang Wei - - 2012
Ginkgolide B (GB), the primary active component of Ginkgo biloba extracts, may have antitumor properties. The objective of this study was to determine the effects and possible mechanisms of GB in ovarian cancer cells. In this study, human ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3 and CAOV3) were treated with different concentrations ...
Okayama Hiroto - - 2012
Virtually all the cells constituting solid organs in adult animals require anchorage to the extracellular matrix for their proliferation and survival. When deprived of anchorage, those cells arrest in G(1) phase of the cell cycle and die of apoptosis known as anoikis. However, if malignantly transformed, cells no longer require ...
Ganuza Miguel M Experimental Oncology, Molecular Oncology Programme, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas (CNIO), Madrid, - - 2012
Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)7, the catalytic subunit of the Cdk-activating kinase (CAK) complex has been implicated in the control of cell cycle progression and of RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II)-mediated transcription. Genetic inactivation of the Cdk7 locus revealed that whereas Cdk7 is completely dispensable for global transcription, is essential for ...
Qin Peng - - 2012
The interaction between ultrasound pulses and microbubbles is known to generate acoustic cavitation that may puncture biological cells. This work presents new experimental findings on the bioeffects of ultrasound-microbubble mediated cavitation in plant cells with emphasis on direct observations of morphological impact and analysis of viability trends in tobacco BY-2 ...
Andruska Neal - - 2012
Estrogens, acting through estrogen receptor α (ERα), stimulate breast cancer proliferation, making ERα an attractive drug target. Since 384-well format screens for inhibitors of proliferation can be challenging for some cells, inhibition of luciferase-based reporters is often used as a surrogate end point. To identify novel small-molecule inhibitors of 17β-estradiol ...
Gardel Emily J - - 2012
Improving microbial fuel cell (MFC) performance continues to be the subject of research, yet the role of operating conditions, specifically duty cycling, on MFC performance has been modestly addressed. We present a series of studies in which we use a 15-anode environmental MFC to explore how duty cycling (variations in ...
Diotel Nicolas - - 2012
The brain of the adult teleost fish exhibits intense neurogenic activity and an outstanding capability for brain repair. Remarkably, the brain estrogen-synthesizing enzyme, aromatase, is strongly expressed, particularly in adult fishes, in radial glial cells, which act as progenitors. Using zebrafish, we tested the hypothesis that estrogens affect adult neurogenesis ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2012
A series of chalcone-amidobenzothiazole conjugates (9a-k and 10a,b) have been synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity. All these compounds exhibited potent activity and the IC(50) of two potential compounds (9a and 9f) against different cancer cell lines are in the range of 0.85-3.3μM. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that these ...
Furusawa Yukihiro - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) appears to play a role in inhibiting apoptotic death in response to multiple stresses. To assess the role of TAK1 in X-ray induced apoptosis and cell death, we irradiated parental and siRNA-TAK1-knockdown HeLa cells. Changes in gene expression levels with and without TAK1-knockdown were ...
Rieckmann T - - 2012
Inhibition of homologous recombination (HR) is believed to be a transactivation-independent function of p53 that protects from genetic instability. Misrepair by HR can lead to genetic alterations such as translocations, duplications, insertions and loss of heterozygosity, which all bear the risk of driving oncogenic transformation. Regulation of HR by wild-type ...
Yang Qing - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to study the effects of angiotensin receptor (AT1R) on proliferation, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis of estrogen-induced ishikawa cell by the transfection of AT1R-siRNA. METHODS: Immunofluorescence method was used to detect AT1R in ishikawa cell. Western blot was used to detect the expression of AT1R protein ...
Wei Xiaowei - - 2012
Spina bifida is a complex congenital malformation resulting from failure of fusion in the spinal neural tube during embryogenesis. However, the cellular mechanism underlying spina bifida is not fully understood. Here, we investigated cell apoptosis in whole embryos and proliferation of neural progenitor cells in the spinal neural tube during ...
Ishitsuka Yosuke - - 2012
The epidermis is a self-renewing tissue, the homeostasis of which is dependent upon the tight balance between proliferation and differentiation based on appropriate regulation of the cell cycle. The cell cycle regulation is dependent on the interactions among a number of cell cycle regulatory molecules, including the pituitary tumor-transforming gene ...
Li Xiaodong - - 2012
An autopolyploid that contains more than two sets of the same chromosomes causes apparent alterations in morphology, development, physiology and gene expression compared to diploid. However, the mechanisms for these changes remain largely unknown. In the present study, cytological observations of mature embryos and growing cotyledons demonstrated that enlarged organ ...
Wunderlich Annette - - 2012
Conventional treatment by surgery, radioiodine, and thyroxin-suppressive therapy often fails to cure anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). Therefore several attempts have been made to evaluate new therapy options by use of "small molecule inhibitors". ATC was shown to respond to monotherapeutic proteasome and Aurora kinase inhibition in vitro as well as ...
Garedew Assegid - - 2012
Cell proliferation is associated with a high rate of aerobic glycolysis, which has been widely interpreted as a compensatory mechanism for suppressed mitochondrial function, despite reports of high respiration rates. The molecular mechanisms that link cell proliferation with mitochondrial metabolism, dynamics, and biogenesis remain obscure. Here, we show that proliferation is ...
Liman N - - 2012
Apoptosis has been shown to be an important regulator of endometrium function. To clarify the regulation of apoptosis in the cat endometrium during the normal oestrus cycle, the expressions of the apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2 and Bax) and their correlation to the inhibitor of apoptosis protein Survivin were analysed using immunohistochemistry. ...
Portman Neil - - 2012
SUMMARYTrypanosoma brucei is the etiological agent of devastating parasitic disease in humans and livestock in sub-saharan Africa. The pathogenicity and growth of the parasite are intimately linked to its shape and form. This is in turn derived from a highly ordered microtubule cytoskeleton that forms a tightly arrayed cage directly ...
Wang Mingyi - - 2012
An accumulation of milk fat globule EGF-8 protein (MFG-E8) occurs within the context of arterial wall inflammatory remodeling during aging, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or atherosclerosis. MFG-E8 induces VSMC invasion, but whether it affects VSMC proliferation, a salient feature of arterial inflammation, is unknown. Here, we show that in the rat ...
García-Rodríguez Néstor - - 2012
Manganese is an essential trace element, whose intracellular levels need to be carefully regulated. Mn(2+) acts as a cofactor for many enzymes and excess of Mn(2+) is toxic. Alterations in Mn(2+) homeostasis affect metabolic functions and mutations in the human Mn(2+)/Ca(2+) transporter ATP2C1 have been linked to Hailey-Hailey disease. By ...
Huu Tung Nguyen N Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, 2825-7 Huis Ten Bosch, Sasebo, Nagasaki 859-3298, - - 2013
Our research to seek active compounds against human colorectal cancer from the root of Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch led to the isolation of two naphthoquinones, alkannin (1) and angelylalkannin (2). The antiproliferative effects of the two compounds on human colon cancer cells HCT-116 and SW-480 were determined by the 3,4-(5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium ...
Salmanzadeh Alireza - - 2012
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecological malignancies in women. The primary challenge is the detection of the cancer at an early stage, since this drastically increases the survival rate. In this study we investigated the dielectrophoretic responses of progressive stages of mouse ovarian surface epithelial (MOSE) ...
Berényi Agnes - - 2012
Inhibition of the local formation of estrogens seems to be an attractive strategy for pharmacological intervention in hormone-dependent disorders. The direct antiproliferative properties of ten nonsteroidal 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17β-HSD1) inhibitors were investigated on human cancer cell lines of gynecological origin. The mechanism of the antiproliferative action was approximated ...
Fadiel Ahmed - - 2012
Objectives: We have shown that ezrin expression correlates with ovarian epithelial cancer (OVCA) cell proliferation and metastatic behavior. In this study, we evaluated ezrin expression in transformed ovarian superficial epithelial cells (OSE) in ovarian clefts and in culture. Study Design: Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting for immunoreactive ezrin (ir-ezrin) in normal ...
Zhang Zhuo - - 2012
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a unique disease that arises from allografting of the conceptus, and has a characteristic morphology and biological behavior. It encompasses a spectrum of interrelated diseases, including hydatidiform mole, invasive mole, choriocarcinoma and placental-site trophoblastic tumor, but its pathogenesis remains unrevealed. Particularly, choriocarcinoma is a highly ...
Li Xiaomao - - 2012
In recent years, it has been reported that CHFR may be a useful biomarker for chemotherapeutic response to microtubule inhibitors in some tumor cells. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis and to elucidate the underlying mechanism in endometrial cancer cells. First, we effectively inhibited CHFR ...
Deshmukh Rahul S - - 2012
In vitro production of porcine embryos by means of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is limited by great inefficienciy. The present study investigated chromatin and nucleolar dynamics in porcine embryos developed in vivo (IV) and compared this physiological standard to that of embryos produced by ...
Liu Weicheng - - 2012
This study examined the synergetic effect of class IA Phosphoinositide 3-kinases catalytic subunit p110β knockdown in conjunction with oxaliplatin treatment on colon cancer cells. Down-regulation of p110β by siRNA interference and oxaliplatin treatment were applied in colon cancer cell lines HT29, SW620 and HCT116. MTT assay was used to measure ...
Carmena Mar - - 2012
Comment on: Pinter K, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:917-21.
Miles D C - - 2012
Germ cells are the only cells in the body capable of transferring an individual's genetic and epigenetic information to the next generation. However, the developmental processes that provide the foundation for male and female germ line development and later gamete production are complex and poorly understood. In mice the primordial ...
Blattner Christine - - 2012
Comment on: Dolezelova P, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:953-962.
Yoon Sunghee - - 2012
In Caenorhabditis elegans, cdc-25.1 loss-of-function mutants display a lack of germline proliferation. We found that the proliferation defect of cdc-25.1 mutants was suppressed by wee-1.3 RNAi. Further, among the seven cdk and seven cyclin homologs examined, cdk-1 and cyb-3 RNAi treatment caused the most severe germline proliferation defects in an ...
Dang Chi V - - 2012
Comment on: Quijano C, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11: In this issue.
Hadjihannas Michel V - - 2012
Wnt/β-catenin signalling regulates cell proliferation by modulating the cell cycle and is negatively regulated by conductin/axin2/axil. We show that conductin levels peak at G2/M followed by a rapid decline during return to G1. In line with this, Wnt/β-catenin target genes are low at G2/M and high at G1/S, and β-catenin ...
Lee Beom Jae - - 2012
Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligands can modulate cellular differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis through various pathways. It has been shown that HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and PPARγ agonists separately inhibit pancreatic stellate cell (PaSC) activation. We studied the effects of a combination of both ...
Almeida Rimple D RD Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling (STEM), School of Clinical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2012
5-hydroxymethyl-cytosine (5-hmC) is a cytosine modification that is relatively abundant in mammalian pre-implantation embryos and embryonic stem cells (ESC) derived from mammalian blastocysts. Recent observations imply that both 5-hmC and Tet1/2/3 proteins, catalyzing the conversion of 5-methyl-cytosine to 5-hmC, may play an important role in self renewal and differentiation of ...
Spear Philip C PC Biochemistry, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology Graduate Group, University California Davis, Davis, 95616, California, USA. - - 2012
During interkinetic nuclear migration (INM), the nuclei in many epithelial cells migrate between the apical and basal surfaces, coordinating with the cell cycle, and undergoing cytokinesis at the apical surface. INM is observed in a wide variety of tissues and species. Recent advances in time-lapse microscopy have provided clues about ...
Bayasula - - 2012
The ovary is a complex endocrine organ responsible for steroidogenesis and folliculogenesis. Follicles consist of oocytes and two primary steroidogenic cell types, the granulosa cells, and the theca cells. Immortalized human granulosa cells are essential for researching the mechanism of steroidogenesis and folliculogenesis. We obtained granulosa cells from a 35-yr-old ...
Jin Feng - - 2012
A series of 2'-chloro-4'-nitroflavone and 2'-chloro-4'-aminoflavone derivatives were synthesized by a convenient synthetic process. The in vitro anti-proliferation ability of these compounds was evaluated against hepatocarcinoma cells (HepG2), breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7), and human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells (K562). Most of synthetic compounds possessed notable anti-proliferation activity against HepG2 cells ...
Ikeda Reiko - - 2012
We synthesized 47 kinds of 3-amino- or 3-benzylamino-β-carboline derivatives with a substituent on the 6-, 8-, or 6,8-carbon atoms and evaluated their antitumor activities for Hela S-3 and Sarcoma 180 cell lines using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Consequently, we succeeded to develop 3-benzylamino-8-methylamino-β-carboline (17a) and 8-methylamino-3-(3-phenoxybenzyl)amino-β-carboline (17c) with antitumor activity ...
Zheng Zhong - - 2012
The well known and most important function of nucleoli is ribosome biogenesis. However, the nucleolus showed delayed development and malfunction in somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) embryos. Previous studies indicated that nearly half rRNA genes (rDNA) in somatic cells were inactive and not transcribed. We compared the rDNA methylation level, ...
Lee Han-Hyoung - - 2012
Since T cells express diverse sex steroid hormone receptors, they might be a good model to evaluate the effects of sex steroid hormones on immune modulation. Porcine testicular extract contains several sex steroid hormones and may be useful to study the effects of sex steroid hormones during T cell activation. ...
Zuguchi Masashi - - 2012
A gender difference has been reported in the morbidity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Estrogens have been proposed to play some roles in this difference but its details have not been clarified yet. Therefore, in this study, we first examined the status of estrogen receptor (ER)α and ERβ in 90 ...
Forgacs Agnes L - - 2012
Leydig cells are the primary site of androgen biosynthesis in males. Several environmental toxicants target steroidogenesis resulting in both developmental and reproductive effects including testicular dysgenesis syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of several structurally diverse endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC) on steroidogenesis in a novel ...
Chen Dong - - 2012
Objective:  Capsaicin is a specialized agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 Ca2(+) channel, a member of the vanilloid receptor family of cation channels. We aimed to investigate the effects of capsaicin on the proliferation and cell death of human bladder cancer cells. Methods:  Human bladder cancer cell line 5637 ...
Sikora Matthew J MJ Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2012
Despite the success of the aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in treating estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, 15-20 % of patients receiving adjuvant AIs will relapse within 5-10 years of treatment initiation. Long-term estrogen deprivation (LTED) of breast cancer cells in culture mimics AI-induced estrogen depletion to dissect mechanisms of AI resistance. ...
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