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Results 201 - 250 of 3254
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Kamal Ahmed - - 2012
A library of new anthranilamide-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine conjugates were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their anticancer activity in cervical cancer cells such as HeLa and SiHa that possess low levels of p53. All 24 conjugates showed antiproliferative activity, while some of them exhibit significant cytotoxicity. In assays related to cell-cycle distribution, these ...
Cheng Hairong - - 2012
Pectin is an important dietary component of all fruits and vegetables. Some pectins have been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth, but the effective structures and mechanisms have remained unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of four structurally distinct pectins on human colon cancer HT-29 cells and the ...
Wei Dongfeng - - 2012
Sulfated modification of a polysaccharide obtained from Radix Hedysari (RHP) was studied. Four sulfated derivatives (RHPS) with variable degrees of substitution (DS) were obtained by the chlorosulfonic acid method with ionic liquids (ILs) as solvent and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as catalyst. The structures of RHPS were characterized by FT-IR spectra and (13)C NMR ...
Cai Kefu - - 2012
Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) reduces astrogliosis, decreases scar thickness and improves neurological functional recovery after brain damage. It is believed that transplanted BMSCs have a profound influence on astrocytes. To obtain the possible mechanism in their interaction, a co-culture system between BMSCs and astrocytes were set to ...
Zhu Cai-Ping - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), isolated with boiling water from the famous Chinese medicinal herb Lycium barbarum fruits, is one of the most important functional constituents in Lycium barbarum. In this study the effects of LBP on cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa cells) ...
Yang Q - - 2012
Recent studies have indicated a role of epigenetic phenomena in pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension, but in foetal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation this is still largely unknown. G9a is a key enzyme for histone H3 dimethylation at position lysine-9. In this study, we have investigated the function of ...
Wang Ruoxing R Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive # 5018, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have unlimited capacity for self-renewal and can differentiate into various cell types when induced. They also have an unusual cell cycle control mechanism driven by constitutively active cyclin dependent kinases (Cdks). In mouse ESCs (mESCs). It is proposed that the rapid cell proliferation could be a ...
Tan Hexin - - 2012
In flowering plants, formation of the haploid male gametophytes in anthers requires the interaction between reproductive cells and the neighboring somatic cells, yet the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we reveal the crucial role of a fasciclin glycoprotein, MICROSPORE AND TAPETUM REGULATOR1 (MTR1), in controlling the development of sporophytic and ...
Cruz Pamela - - 2012
The principal aim of this study was to analyze in estrogen receptor-positive MCF7 cells the response of three estrogen-dependent proteins to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC), a major circulating cholesterol metabolite. Immunofluorescence, immunoblotting and immunogold labelling analyses of MCF7 cells exposed for up to 72 h to 2 nM estradiol (E2) or to ...
Liu Tiande - - 2012
Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 2 (Rock2) belongs to a family of serine/threonine kinases which are actived via interaction with Rho GTPases. Recently, overexpression of Rock2 has been demonstrated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the potential role of Rock2 in tumorigenesis remains unclear. Cdc25A acts as a key checkpoint ...
Font-Burgada Joan J Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, Departments of Pharmacology and Pathology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the outcome of ongoing cycles of cell death and regeneration in chronic liver disease. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Nikolaou et al. show that the deubiquitinating enzyme CYLD is critical for controlling the balance between hepatocyte loss, regeneration, and malignant progression.
Behbehani Gregory K GK Baxter Laboratory for Stem Cell Biology, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2012
Mass cytometry is a recently introduced technology that utilizes transition element isotope-tagged antibodies for protein detection on a single-cell basis. By circumventing the limitations of emission spectral overlap associated with fluorochromes utilized in traditional flow cytometry, mass cytometry currently allows measurement of up to 40 parameters per cell. Recently, a ...
Qu Jian - - 2012
Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar GTP-binding protein that was first identified in neural stem cells, the functions of which remain poorly understood. Here, we report that NS is required for mouse embryogenesis to reach blastulation, maintenance of embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal, and mammary epithelial cell (MEC) reprogramming to induced ...
Piotrowska Hanna - - 2012
In the screening studies, cytotoxicity of 12 methylated resveratrol analogues on 11 human cancer cell lines was examined. The most active compound 3,4,4'5-tetramethoxystilbene (DMU-212) and two ovarian cancer cell lines A-2780 (IC(50)=0.71μM) and SKOV-3 (IC(50)=11.51μM) were selected for further investigation. To determine the mechanism of DMU-212 cytotoxicity, its ability to ...
Yasuhira Shinji - - 2012
Although the G2/M DNA damage checkpoint is currently viewed as a set of coordinated cellular responses affecting both cell cycle progression and non-cell cycle targets, the relative contributions of the two target categories to DNA repair and cell survival after exposure to ionizing radiation have not been clearly addressed. We ...
Teng Chih-Chuan - - 2012
CIL-102 (1-[4-(furo[2,3-b]quinolin-4-ylamino)phenyl]ethanone) is the major active agent of the alkaloid derivative of Camptotheca acuminata, with multiple pharmacological activities, including anticancer effects and promotion of apoptosis. The mechanism by which CIL-102 inhibits growth remains poorly understood in human astrocytoma cells. Herein, we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which CIL-102 affects the ...
Li Xinping - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are capable of self-renew and multipotent differatiation which allows them to be sensitive to microenvironment is altered. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) can affect cellular physiology of some types of cells. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of PEMF on the growth and cell cycle ...
Salinas Laura S - - 2012
The Vasa family of proteins comprises several conserved DEAD box RNA helicases important for mRNA regulation whose exact function in the germline is still unknown. In Caenorhabditis elegans there are six known members of the Vasa family, and all of them are associated with P granules. One of these proteins, ...
Kawashima Ikko - - 2012
Cumulus cell-oocyte complex (COC) expansion is obligatory for LH-induced ovulation and is initiated by LH induction of the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like factors that mediate the synthesis of the hyaluronan-rich matrix and hyaluronan-stabilizing factors. COC expansion also involves the movement of cumulus cells within the matrix by mechanisms that have ...
Muthukumaran Padmalosini - - 2012
Estrogen is known to have a direct effect on bone forming osteoblasts and bone resorbing osteoclasts. The cellular and molecular effects of estrogen on osteoblasts and osteoblasts-like cells have been extensively studied. However, the effect of estrogen on the mechanical property of osteoblasts has not been studied yet. It is ...
Fauzee N J S - - 2012
Objectives of this investigation were not merely to perform a comparative study with original docetaxel, but to define anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of novel hydrophilic docetaxel (CQMU-0519) analogue on A549 lung, SKVO3 ovary and MCF7 breast carcinoma cell lines. The materials for the study consist of a completely new docetaxel ...
Rezvani Nooshin N Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2012
The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is a fundamental cellular pathway, degrading most unwanted intracellular soluble proteins. Dysfunction of the UPS has been associated with normal aging as well as various age-related pathological conditions, including chronic human neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, leading to a significant interest in ...
Kyrkou A - - 2013
We have previously identified a Rho protein, RhoD, which localizes to the plasma membrane and the early endocytic compartment. Here, we show that a GTPase-deficient mutant of RhoD, RhoDG26V, causes hyperplasia and perturbed differentiation of the epidermis, when targeted to the skin of transgenic mice. In vitro, gain-of-function and loss-of-function ...
Sullivan Kelly D KD Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, - - 2012
The p53 tumor suppressor orchestrates alternative stress responses including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, but the mechanisms defining cell fate upon p53 activation are poorly understood. Several small-molecule activators of p53 have been developed, including Nutlin-3, but their therapeutic potential is limited by the fact that they induce reversible cell ...
Brevini Tiziana A L - - 2012
Parthenotes have been proposed as a source of embryonic stem cells but they lack the centriole which is inherited through the sperm in all mammalian species, except for rodents. We investigated the centrosome of parthenotes and parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells using parthenogenetic and biparental pig pre-implantation embryos, human and pig ...
Rajabi Mehdi - - 2012
Cytokinins and cytokinin nucleosides are purine derivatives with potential anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. N(6)-furfuryladenosine (kinetin riboside, KR) displays antiproliferative and apoptogenic activity against various human cancer cell lines and has recently been shown to suppress tumor growth in murine xenograft models of human leukemia and melanoma. ...
Wang Hongyan - - 2012
Wnt2B overexpression is thought to be involved in tumor progression through the activation of the canonical Wingless and INT-1 signaling pathway. However, the mechanism of Wnt2B signaling in oncogenesis is unknown. In this study, we investigated whether silencing Wnt2B expression could inhibit the invasiveness of ovarian cancer cells and reduce ...
Frydman Rene - - 2012
New germ cells and new organs open new areas in the approach to treating infertility.
Wu Pei-Yun Jenny - - 2012
Comment on: Guerra-Moreno A, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 1621-5.
Le Thanh-Do - - 2012
Cellular effects of ethanol in YD-15 tongue carcinoma cells were assessed by MTT assay, caspase activity assay, Western blotting and flow cytometry. Ethanol inhibited the growth and proliferation of YD-15 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner in an MTT assay. The effects of ethanol on cell cycle control at ...
Morimoto Yoshihito - - 2012
In a previous study, we showed that a combination of an oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer agent (S-1) and gemcitabine (GEM) had synergistic effects on cell growth and cell cycle arrest in the pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa-2. Therefore, we conducted further mechanistic studies using the pancreatic cancer cell lines MIA ...
Cho Hyun-Soo - - 2012
It is well known that RB functions are regulated by posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation and acetylation, but the significance of lysine methylation on RB has not been fully elucidated. Our expression analysis of SMYD2 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that expression levels of SMYD2 are significantly elevated ...
Schech Amanda J AJ Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, 655 W. Baltimore Street, BRB 4-009, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States. - - 2012
Zoledronic acid (ZA), a bisphosphonate originally indicated for use in osteoporosis, has been reported to exert a direct effect on breast cancer cells, although the mechanism of this effect is currently unknown. Data from the ABCSG-12 and ZO-FAST clinical trials suggest that treatment with the combination of ZA and aromatase ...
Miyaoka Yuichiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The size of organs and tissues is basically determined by the number and size of their cells. However, little attention has been paid to this fundamental concept. The liver has a remarkable ability to regenerate after surgical resection (partial hepatectomy [PHx]), and hepatocytes account for about 80% of liver ...
Zhang Jie - - 2012
When cell cycle re-activation occurs in post-mitotic neurons it places them at increased risk for death. The cell cycle/cell death association has been reported in many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer disease (AD), yet the mechanisms by which a normal neuron suppresses the cycle remain largely unknown. Recently, our laboratory has ...
Yin Yan Y Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
Developmental exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) causes reproductive tract malformations, affects fertility and increases the risk of clear cell carcinoma of the vagina and cervix in humans. Previous studies on a well-established mouse DES model demonstrated that it recapitulates many features of the human syndrome, yet the underlying molecular mechanism is ...
Chauvigné François - - 2012
The endocrine pathways controlling vertebrate spermatogenesis are well established in mammals where pituitary gonadotropins, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), respectively, but exclusively activate the FSH receptor (FSHR) in Sertoli cells and the LH/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) in Leydig cells. In some teleosts, however, it has been shown that Lh ...
Santiquet Nicolas W - - 2012
Intercellular gap junctional communication (GJC) plays an important role in ovarian cell physiology. Closure of GJC has been proposed to be involved in oocyte maturation, particularly in the resumption of meiosis, both in vivo and in vitro, by controlling the flow of meiosis inhibitors such as cAMP and cGMP. Understanding ...
Liu Fang - - 2012
Cyclin G1 protein is expressed in normal endometrial epithelial cells in a progesterone-dependent manner. It is an important mediator of the inhibiting effect of progesterone on cell proliferation. Moreover, the expression of cyclin G1 is also found to be decreased in human endometrial carcinoma cells (ECCs). To study the mechanism ...
Kajihara Hirotaka - - 2012
The histogenesis of endometriosis and endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer is one of the most mysterious aspects of pathology. To better understand the histogenesis of endometriosis and endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer, we analyzed the possibility of a link of endometrium, ovarian surface epithelium, and a cortical inclusion cyst to ovarian endometriosis and endometriosis-associated ...
Lian Gewei - - 2012
Cytoskeleton-associated proteins play key roles not only in regulating cell morphology and migration but also in proliferation. Mutations in the cytoskeleton-associated gene filamin A (FlnA) cause the human disorder periventricular heterotopia (PH). PH is a disorder of neural stem cell development that is characterized by disruption of progenitors along the ...
Hutchinson Sarah A SA Huntsman Cancer Institute, Department of Oncological Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, - - 2012
The regulation of cell cycle rate is essential for the correct timing of proliferation and differentiation during development. Changes to cell cycle rate can have profound effects on the size, shape and cell types of a developing organ. We previously identified a zebrafish mutant ceylon (cey) that has a severe ...
Powathil Gibin G - - 2012
The therapeutic control of a solid tumour depends critically on the responses of the individual cells that constitute the entire tumour mass. A particular cell's spatial location within the tumour and intracellular interactions, including the evolution of the cell-cycle within each cell, has an impact on their decision to grow ...
Kampfer C - - 2012
Fibrosis, increased amounts of immune cells and expression of COX-2 in the testes of infertility patients provide circumstantial evidence for a specific testicular milieu, in which reactive oxygen species (ROS) could be increased. If ROS level increase and/or ROS scavengers decrease, the resulting testicular oxidative stress may contribute to human ...
Tsuchiya Takuma - - 2012
Cell cycle aberration was immunohistochemically examined in relation to preneoplastic liver cell foci expressing glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) at early stages of tumor-promotion in rats with thioacetamide (TAA), a hepatocarcinogen facilitating liver cell regeneration. Immunoexpression of p16(Ink4a) following exposure to other hepatocarcinogens/promoters and its DNA methylation status were also ...
O'Reilly Nicola N Peptide Synthesis Laboratory, Cancer Research UK London Research Institute, - - 2012
The ease with which populations of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be synchronized using the mating pheromone α-factor has been invaluable for studies of the cell cycle. The α-factor response pathway has also remained an important model to study the molecular mechanism of G-protein coupled receptor signalling. α-Factor is ...
Shi H - - 2012
We investigated spatio-temporal variations in cell division and the occurrence of endoreduplication in cells of tuber mustard stems during development. Cells in the stem had 8C nuclei (C represents DNA content of a two haploid genome), since it is an allotetraploid species derived from diploid Brassica rapa (AA) and B. nigra ...
Go Rieka - - 2012
Genetic changes in T-ALL are classified into type A abnormalities leading to arrest at a specific stage of T-cell differentiation and type B abnormalities that target cellular processes including cell cycle regulation. Mutations and deletion of a BCL11B haploinsuffiecient tumor suppressor allele have been found in 10-16% of T-ALL subgroups. ...
Richards JoAnne S JS Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2012
To study the expression and function of adiponectin and its receptors in mouse and human follicle cells and in early embryo development. Whole ovaries, granulosa cells, and cumulus-oocyte complexes isolated from immature mice before and during hormone-induced ovulation were used to analyze the expression of adiponectin, its receptors, and ovulation-related ...
Shen Tao - - 2012
Two new stigmastane-type steroids, stigmasta-5,22E-diene-3β,11α-diol (1) and stigmasta-5,22E-diene-3β,7α,11α-triol (2), together with eight known compounds, were isolated from the resinous exudates of Commiphora mukul. Their structures were established by extensive analysis of their HR-MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR (COSY, HMQC, HMBC and NOESY) spectra. The isolates were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities ...
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