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Bhattacharya A - - 2012
WEE1 kinase has been described as a major gate keeper at the G2 cell cycle checkpoint and to be involved in tumour progression in different malignant tumours. Here we analysed the expression levels of WEE1 in a series of melanoma patient samples and melanoma cell lines using immunoblotting, quantitative real-time ...
Wittayarat M - - 2012
This study was examined whether the species of felid affects synchronization accuracy at the G0/G1 stage of the cell cycle and the occurrence of apoptosis by different protocols, such as serum starvation, confluent and roscovitine treatment. Skin fibroblast cells were obtained from the Asian golden cat, marbled cat, leopard and ...
Chang Yung-Fu - - 2012
Areca nut (Areca catechu) is chewed regularly as a medical and psychoactive food by about 10% of the world population, in countries including India, Taiwan and parts of Southern Asia. Areca nut chewing during pregnancy has been associated with both lower birth weight and premature birth. Animals of low birth ...
Van der Henst Charles - - 2012
Bacterial differentiation is often associated with the asymmetric localization of regulatory proteins, such as histidine kinases. PdhS is an essential and polarly localized histidine kinase in the pathogenic alphaproteobacterium Brucella abortus. After cell division, PdhS is asymmetrically segregated between the two sibling cells, highlighting a differentiation event. However, the function(s) ...
Karanam Ketki - - 2012
DNA double-strand breaks are repaired by two main pathways: nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). The choice between these pathways depends on cell-cycle phase; however the continuous effect of cell cycle on the balance between them is still unclear. We used live cell imaging and fluorescent reporters for ...
Pacal Marek - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of gene expression kinetics around neuronal cell-birth is required to dissect mechanisms underlying progenitor fate. Here, we timed cell-cycle and neuronal protein silencing/induction during cell-birth in the developing murine retina. RESULTS: The pan-cell cycle markers Pcna and Mcm6 were present in the post-mitotic ganglion cell layer. Although confined ...
Tevosian S G - - 2012
During embryonic development, ovarian somatic cells embark on a course that is separate from male somatic cells and from indifferent precursor cells. While the former aspect of ovarian development is well known, the latter has not received much attention until recently. This review attempts to integrate the most recent work ...
Hofland Maarten - - 2012
Leydig cell hyperplasia and Leydig cell tumours of the ovary are rare. We present two cases in which patients had increased blood levels of testosterone and frank hirsutism. Imaging showed minimal abnormalities. After adrenal disease had been ruled out, they underwent a bilateral oophorectomy. One case showed a Leydig cell ...
Ludwig Sophie - - 2012
1,3-Dinitrobenzene (DNB) causes testicular injury, particularly to Sertoli cells, and induces apoptosis in the surrounding germinal cells in rodents; however, the mechanisms causing this toxicity are poorly understood. Our studies, using standard and molecular tools, were conducted to better understand the pathogenesis of the testicular effects. Four daily oral doses ...
Calder Ashley - - 2012
The cell cycle in pluripotent stem cells is notable for the brevity of the G1 phase, permitting rapid proliferation and reducing the duration of differentiation signal sensitivity associated with G1 phase. Changes in the length of G1 phase are understood to accompany the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), ...
Savitchi Eleonora - - 2012
Malignant transformation of a mature ovarian teratoma is a rare occurrence predominantly in the postmenopausal period. All histologic types can be seen; however, squamous cell carcinoma accounts for over 75% of cases. Sarcomatous transformation is much more uncommon, with cases of angiosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and liposarcoma arising in a mature ...
Kim Ilgook - - 2012
This study explored a new approach to the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass using FeCl(3) combined with a fuel cell system to generate electricity. After pretreatment, ferric iron (Fe(3+)), a strong catalyst in the hydrolysis of carbohydrate, was found to be reduced to ferrous iron (Fe(2+)) by means of the oxidation ...
Takeuchi Reiri - - 2012
Gingival overgrowth is caused in response to the antiepileptic drug phenytoin (PHT). PHT-induced gingival overgrowth is characterized by the proliferation of fibroblasts and increased collagen formation in gingiva. Fibroblast proliferation is regulated through the cell cycle. Thus, in the present study, we examined the effects of PHT on the cell ...
Cao Yan - - 2012
Human augmenter of liver regeneration (hALR) is a sulfhydryl oxidase that is highly expressed in spermatogonia and early spermatocytes. To investigate the physiological effects of hALR in spermatogenesis, we generated a hALR transgenic mouse model driven by the human pTSPY promoter that allows the transgene to be specifically activated in ...
Wang Fang - - 2012
In recent years, applications of stem cells have already involved in all domains of life science and biomedicine. People try to establish human embryonic stem cell lines (hESCs) in order to carry out hESC-related studies. In this study, we explored what embryos are conducive to the establishment of hESCs. The ...
Gónzalez Candela Rocío - - 2012
Androgens and androgen receptor play a critical role in spermatogenesis and fertility in mammals, and estrogens and their receptors contribute to regulation of testicular function through initiation and maintenance of spermatogenesis and germ cell division and survival. However, results from different species are still far from establishing a clear understanding ...
Imsoonthornruksa Sumeth - - 2012
The fate of foreign mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is still controversial. In this study, we examined the transmission of the heteroplasmic mtDNA of gaur donor cells and recipient bovine oocytes to an offspring and aborted and mummified fetuses at various levels during the development of ...
Xiong Xian-Rong - - 2012
The treatment of donor cells with oocyte extracts before inter-species somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) is a novel method for cellular reprogramming. This study aims to evaluate the effect of pre-treatment donor cell with oocyte extracts on the early developmental competence of yak iSCNT embryos. Yak fibroblasts were reversibly permeabilized ...
Cheng Ya-Hsin - - 2012
Baicalein is a flavonoid, known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. As an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligand, baicalein at high concentrations blocks AhR-mediated dioxin toxicity. Because AhR had been reported to play a role in regulating the cell cycle, we suspected that the anti-cancer effect of baicalein is associated ...
Shiozaki Atsushi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adaptor proteins, with multimodular structures, can participate in the regulation of various cellular functions. A novel adaptor protein XB130 has been implicated as a substrate and regulator of tyrosine kinase-mediated signaling and in controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis in thyroid and lung cancer cells. However, its expression and role ...
Hu Qian - - 2012
Endometrial cancer is a major problem for women but only a small number of comprehensively characterized cell models are available for studies. Here, we established a new cell line derived from a Stage IIIc(1) Grade 2 endometrial adenocarcinoma. The cell line, designated LHY-821, was characterized using growth curve, karyotyping, immunohistochemical ...
Zhong Zhiwei - - 2012
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs regulate critical genes associated with lung cancer. Human mutS homolog 2 (hMSH2), one of the core mismatch repair genes, is affected in lung cancer development. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of miR-21 in hMSH2 gene expression and the effect of miR-21 on cell ...
Chen Chien-Hong - - 2012
This study documents the spatial and temporal distribution of Oct-4, Cdx-2 and acetylated H4K5 (H4K5ac) by immunocytochemistry staining using in-vivo-derived rabbit embryos at different stages: day-3 compact morulae, day-4 early blastocysts, day-4 expanded blastocysts, day-5 blastocysts, day-6 blastocysts and day-7 blastocysts. The Oct-4 signal was stronger in the inner cell ...
Li Victor C - - 2012
In somatic cells, the length of the G1 phase of the cell cycle is tightly linked to differentiation, and its elongation can drive differentiation in many cases. Although it has been suggested that the situation is very similar in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), where a rapid cell cycle and a ...
Opalka Marek - - 2012
Phytoestrogens (PE) are plant-derived compounds that have an estrogen-like activity and they can influence male and female reproduction. The possible mechanisms of PE action may be including: the binding to estrogen receptors (ER) and the interaction with the key steroidogenic enzymes. The aim of this study was to investigate if ...
Yamanaka Sumitaka - - 2012
MicroRNA (miRs) have emerged as salient regulators in cancer homeostasis and, recently, as putative therapeutics. Cholangiocarcinomas (CCA) are aggressive cancers with survival usually measured in months. mRNA arrays followed by pathway analysis revealed that miR-494 is a major modulator of the cell cycle progression from gap 2 (G₂) to mitosis ...
Merrick Karl A - - 2012
Progression through the eukaryotic cell division cycle is governed by the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). For a CDK to become active it must (1) bind a positive regulatory subunit (cyclin) and (2) be phosphorylated on its activation (T) loop. In metazoans, multiple CDK catalytic subunits, each with a distinct ...
Luo Min - - 2012
Oct-4 is critical to the pluripotency, self-renewal, and differentiation of stem cells. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of high glucose (HG) on cell cycle progression of bone marrow multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) and Oct-4 expression and the underlying mechanism. Rat MAPCs were cultured in normal ...
Tian Wenxia - - 2012
PR39, a porcine cathelicidin rich in the amino acids proline and arginine can interact with the negatively charged component of the cell surface, and rapidly penetrate cell membranes. Therefore, we hypothesized that PR39, as a membrane penetrating peptide (MPP), could be exploited as a novel carrier to deliver siRNA into ...
Sabol Maja - - 2012
The Hedgehog-Gli (Hh-Gli) signaling pathway was examined in ovarian dermoids, which show characteristics of both tumors and developmental malformations. Dermoids are classified as mature teratomas that present differentiation into various tissues, mostly epidermal elements such as glands, multilayered epithelium, hair follicles and occasionally bone and cartilage. Their development is attributed ...
Wu Jin - - 2012
Butyrate has been recently identified as a natural ligand of the G-protein-coupled receptor 41 (GPR41). In addition, it is an inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC). Butyrate treatment results in the hyperacetylation of histones, with resultant multiple biological effects including inhibition of proliferation, induction of cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis, in ...
Rieck Sebastian - - 2012
The transcription factor HNF4α (hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α) is required for increased β-cell proliferation during metabolic stress in vivo. We hypothesized that HNF4α could induce proliferation of human β-cells. We employed adenoviral-mediated overexpression of an isoform of HNF4α (HNF4α8) alone, or in combination with cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)6 and Cyclin D3, in ...
Schredl Alexander T - - 2012
The master regulator CtrA oscillates during the Caulobacter cell cycle due to temporally regulated proteolysis and transcription. It is proteolysed during the G1-S transition and reaccumulates in predivisional cells as a result of transcription from two sequentially activated promoters, P1 and P2. CtrA reinforces its own synthesis by directly mediating ...
Gabriel Pierre - - 2012
Cells grown in culture act as a model system for analyzing the effects of anticancer compounds, which may affect cell behavior in a cell cycle position-dependent manner. Cell synchronization techniques have been generally employed to minimize the variation in cell cycle position. However, synchronization techniques are cumbersome and imprecise and ...
Pan Junmin J Protein Science Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. - - 2013
The primary cilium protrudes from the cell surface and acts as a sensor for chemical and mechanical growth cues, with receptors for a number of growth factors (PDGFα, Hedgehog, Wnt, Notch) concentrated within the ciliary membrane. In normal tissues, the cilium assembles after cells exit mitosis and is resorbed as ...
Madan E - - 2012
p53 induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells and negatively regulates glycolysis via TIGAR. Glycolysis is crucial for cancer progression although TIGAR provides protection from reactive oxygen species and apoptosis. The relation between TIGAR-mediated inhibition of glycolysis and p53 tumour-suppressor activity is unknown. RT-PCR, western blot, luciferase and chromatin ...
Marcu L G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Tumour re-population during radiotherapy was identified as an important reason for treatment failure in head and neck cancers. The process of re-population is suggested to be caused by various mechanisms, one of the most plausible one being accelerated division of stem-cells (i.e. drastic shortening of cell cycle duration). However, ...
Sorolla Anabel - - 2012
Endometrial carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies in the female genital tract, usually treated by surgery and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is used when endometrial carcinoma is associated with widespread metastasis or when the tumor recurs after radiation therapy. In the present study, we demonstrate that the tyrosine kinase receptor ...
Singh Pardeep - - 2012
1H-1,2,3-triazole tethered isatin conjugates have been synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity on four human cancer cell lines. The results revealed 5a, 5c, 5e and 5n proved to be twice as potent as 5-fluorouracil on THP-1 cell line with 5a and 5c being most active exhibiting IC(50) values of <1 against ...
Zhuo Enqing - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of GnT-V on radiosensitivity in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) both in vitro and in vivo, and the possible mechanism. The GnT-V stably suppressed cell line CNE-2 GnT-V /2224 was constructed from CNE-2 by transfection. The radiosensitivity of the cells was ...
Greenman Yona - - 2012
Currently available treatments for patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) with residual or recurrent disease after primary surgery have low efficacy rates. In view of the possible role of estrogen in the development of thyroid neoplasia, we explored whether proliferation of the human MTC TT cell line, might be curbed ...
Sun Yanyan - - 2012
Tannic acid (TA) has been associated with anticancer functions in multiple tumor types both in vitro and in vivo. However, its effect on ovarian carcinoma cells has not been investigated, and its underlying anticancer mechanism(s) remain unclear. In this study, the effects of TA alone and in combination with cisplatin ...
Lim Yi Chieh YC - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common form of brain tumour with a poor prognosis and resistance to radiotherapy. Recent evidence suggests glioma initiating cells (GICs) play a central role in radioresistance through DNA damage checkpoint activation and enhanced DNA repair. To investigate this in more detail, we compared the ...
Ueki Yumi - - 2012
Müller glia are normally mitotically quiescent cells, but in certain pathological states they can re-enter the mitotic cell cycle. While several cell cycle regulators have been shown to be important in this process, a role for the tumor suppressor, p53, has not been demonstrated. Here, we investigated a role for ...
- - 2012
DNA profiling of dozens of ovarian and endometrial cell lines collected from multiple institutions found significant rates of misidentification, contamination, and redundancy among the samples.
Ying Feng - - 2012
Nonylphenol (NP) has been proven to be one of the most investigated xenohormones interacting with the estrogen receptor. Technical nonylphenol (t-NP) contains at least 20 para-substituted isomers. It has been shown that NP isomers vary in their estrogenic potency. So the use of mixtures or impure substances can lead to ...
Imamoto Naoko - - 2012
A nuclear pore complex (NPC) is a large protein assembly that mediates the nucleocytoplasmic exchange of molecules. During the cell cycle, NPCs assemble, disassemble, and dynamically change their distribution on assembled nuclear envelope (NE), whereas in post-mitosis, NPCs are extremely stable. Extensive studies on its components, structure, and building blocks ...
Macfarlan Todd S - - 2012
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are derived from blastocyst-stage embryos and are thought to be functionally equivalent to the inner cell mass, which lacks the ability to produce all extraembryonic tissues. Here we identify a rare transient cell population within mouse ES and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell cultures that expresses ...
Shimizu T - - 2012
In cows, postpartum uterine infection due to bacteria that produce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or peptidoglycan (PGN) leads to ovarian dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of LPS and/or PGN on estradiol production from granulosa cells from small and large follicles in the bovine ovary. Granulosa cells ...
Camberg Jodi L - - 2012
In this issue of Structure, Rood and colleagues report that substrate architecture is a key factor in promoting the complete and processive degradation of the Caulobacter cell cycle regulator PdeA by the protease ClpXP. This investigation highlights the important role that the adaptor protein CpdR serves in regulating presentation of ...
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