Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 3251
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Daukste Liene - - 2012
Cell cycle times are vital parameters in cancer research, and short cell cycle times are often related to poor survival of cancer patients. A method for experimental estimation of cell cycle times, or doubling times of cultured cancer cell populations, based on addition of paclitaxel (an inhibitor of cell division) ...
Mayo Lindsey D - - 2012
Comment on: Naidu SR, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:2717-28.
Chang Mei-Chi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are 600 million betel quid chewers around the world. betel quid chewing is a major risk factor of oral cancer. Why betel quid components induce oral cancer is not clear. METHODS: Cytotoxicity of areca nut extract and arecoline (an areca nut alkaloid) to SAS oral epithelial cell line ...
Baumgart Tonja - - 2012
In recent studies, epothilone B was shown to have a cytotoxic and radiosensitizing effect on cells. The aim of our investigation was to explain this impact by examining the mode of action of epothilone B on FaDu and A549 tumor cells. Flow cytometry was used for cell cycle distribution and ...
Verga Falzacappa Cecilia - - 2012
Infertility is a dramatic and frequent side effect in women who are undergoing chemotherapy. Actual strategies are mainly focused on oocytes cryopreservation, but this is not always a suitable option. Considering the key role that granulosa cells play in follicles life, we study if thyroid hormone T3 protects rat ovarian ...
Kosaka Mika - - 2012
RNA activation (RNAa) is a mechanism of gene activation triggered by promoter-targeted small double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), also known as small activating RNA (saRNA). p21(WAF1/CIP1) (p21) is a putative tumor suppressor gene due to its role as a key negative regulator of the cell cycle and cell proliferation. It is frequently ...
Mariee Najat - - 2012
The aim of the study was to investigate the various potential sources of variability of counting endometrial uNK cells by immunohistochemistry. Precisely timed endometrial biopsy samples were obtained from women suffering from recurrent miscarriage or recurrent implantation failure (RIF) after IVF on days LH+7-LH+9 of the cycle. uNK cells in ...
Dermastia Marina - - 2012
Endoreduplication is a cell cycle variant in which multiple rounds of DNA replication occur without subsequent mitosis, resulting in polyploid cells. Although cells with endoreduplicated nuclei were ubiquitously distributed throughout the abscission zone (AZ) of tomato leaf before abscission induction by ethylene, endoreduplication was detected mostly on the proximal side ...
Bagavandoss P - - 2012
In the mammalian ovary both gonadotropins and local cytokines, acting through G-protein coupled receptors, govern the physiology of the ovary in part by regulating the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate via adenylyl cyclases. The nine transmembrane adenylyl cyclases and a soluble adenylyl cyclase are regulated by a diversity of ligands. In this ...
Saleh Ekram M - - 2012
The use of combinations of chemotherapy and natural products has recently emerged as a new method of cancer therapy, relying on the capacity of certain natural compounds to trigger cell death with low doses of chemotherapeutic agents and few side effects. The current study aims to evaluate the modulatory effects ...
Matsuo Taira - - 2012
The mammalian LIN complex (LINC) plays important roles in regulation of cell cycle genes. LIN54 is an essential core subunit of the LINC and has a DNA binding region (CHC domain), which consists of two cysteine-rich (CXC) domains separated by a short spacer. We generated various LIN54 mutants, such as ...
Bogliotti Yanina S - - 2012
During fertilization, two of the most differentiated cells in the mammalian organism, a sperm and oocyte, are combined to form a pluripotent embryo. Dynamic changes in chromatin structure allow the transition of the chromatin on these specialized cells into an embryonic configuration capable of generating every cell type. Initially, this ...
Moncada Salvador - - 2012
The activity of key metabolic enzymes is regulated by the ubiquitin ligases that control the function of the cyclins; therefore the activity of these ubiquitin ligases explains the coordination of cell-cycle progression with the supply of substrates necessary for cell duplication. APC/C (anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome)-Cdh1, the ubiquitin ligase that controls G1- ...
Podratz Priscila Lang - - 2012
Triorganotins are environmental contaminants, commonly used in antifouling agents for boats, that bioaccumulate and thus are found in mammals and humans due to ingestion of contaminated seafood diets. The importance of triorganotins as environmental endocrine disruptors and consequent reproductive toxicity in different animal models is well known; however, the adverse ...
Britten Joy Lynne - - 2012
To determine the direct effect that GnRH analogues leuprolide acetate and cetrorelix acetate have on extracellular matrix in human leiomyoma and patient-matched myometrial cells. Laboratory study. University hospital. None. Cell culture, proliferation studies, and messenger RNA and protein analysis. Expression of GnRHR1, COL1A1, fibronectin, and versican variant V0 in treated ...
Riparbelli Maria Giovanna - - 2012
Basal bodies are freed from cilia and transition into centrioles to organize centrosomes in dividing cells. A mutually exclusive centriole/basal body existence during cell-cycle progression has become a widely accepted principle. Contrary to this view, we show here that cilia assemble and persist through two meiotic divisions in Drosophila spermatocytes. Remarkably, all four ...
An Li-You - - 2012
The objective was to use dual markers to accurately select genetically modified donor cells and ensure that the resulting somatic cell nuclear transfer kids born were transgenic. Fetal fibroblast cells were transfected with dual marking gene vector (pCNLF-ng) that contained the red-shifted variant of the jellyfish green fluorescent protein (LGFP) ...
Foraker Amy B - - 2012
Clathrin depletion by ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi) impairs mitotic spindle stability and cytokinesis. Depletion of several clathrin-associated proteins affects centrosome integrity, suggesting a further cell cycle function for clathrin. In this paper, we report that RNAi depletion of CHC17 (clathrin heavy chain 17) clathrin, but not the CHC22 clathrin isoform, ...
Men H - - 2012
Advances in porcine assisted reproductive technology (ART) make it possible to use cryopreserved sperm, embryos and somatic cells in the maintenance, relocation and regeneration of swine genetics. In this review, development of key application-limiting technology is discussed in each cell type, focusing on the efficiencies, ease of storage and transportation, ...
Yi Kexi K Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 E 50th St, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. - - 2012
Mammalian oocyte maturation involves two successive rounds of extremely asymmetric cell divisions (known as polar body extrusion) to generate a functional haploid egg. Successful polar body extrusion relies on establishment of an asymmetric spindle position and cortical polarity. Decades of studies using mouse oocytes as a model have revealed critical ...
Xiao Fang - - 2012
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] has become a non-negligible pollutant in the world. Cr(VI) exposure leads to severe damage to the liver, but the mechanisms involved in Cr(VI)-mediated toxicity in the liver are unclear. The present study aimed to explore whether Cr(VI) induces energy metabolism disturbance and cell cycle arrest in human ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Berberine, an isoquinoline derivative alkaloid, has recently been shown to have antitumor activity. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the concomitant administration of berberine and radiation on breast cancer. The effects of berberine on the radiosensitivity of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells were evaluated by using cell clonogenic ...
Domínguez Fernando - - 2012
Programmed cell death (PCD) is a crucial phenomenon in the life cycle of cereal grains. In germinating grains, the scutellum allows the transport of nutrients from the starchy endosperm to the growing embryo, and therefore it may be the last grain tissue to undergo PCD. Thus, the aim of this ...
Bai Lu L Department of Cell Biology and Medical Genetics, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2012
UHRF2, ubiquitin-like with PHD and ring finger domains 2, is a nuclear E3 ubiquitin ligase, which is involved in cell cycle and epigenetic regulation. UHRF2 interacts with multiple cell cycle proteins, including cyclins (A2, B1, D1, and E1), CDK2, and pRb; moreover, UHRF2 could ubiquitinate cyclin D1 and cyclin E1. ...
Hlinka D - - 2012
Chronology of three consecutive mitotic events in human pre-implantation embryos was examined by time-lapse imaging. In zygotes producing well-formed and pregnancy-yielding expanded blastocysts, uniform time-patterning of cleavage clusters (c) and interphases (i) was revealed: i2=11+/-1, i3=15+/-1, i4=23+/-1 hr / c2=15+/-5, c3=40+/-10, c4=55+/-15 min. Oppositely, shortened or prolonged durations of one ...
Moindrot Benoit - - 2012
Although chromatin folding is known to be of functional importance to control the gene expression program, less is known regarding its interplay with DNA replication. Here, using Circular Chromatin Conformation Capture combined with high-throughput sequencing, we identified megabase-sized self-interacting domains in the nucleus of a human lymphoblastoid cell line, as ...
Mohan Vishwa - - 2012
Neuronal progenitor cell proliferation and their optimum number are indispensable for neurogenesis, which is determined by cell cycle length and cell cycle quitting rate of the dividing progenitors. These processes are tightly orchestrated by transcription factors like Tbr2, Pax6, and E2f-1. Radial glia and intermediate progenitor cells (IPC) through direct ...
Lee Jee H - - 2012
While induced FoxP3(+) T cells (iTreg cells) are promising cellular therapeutics to treat inflammatory diseases, a limitation in utilizing iTreg cells prepared in vitro is their low stability in inflammatory conditions. Progesterone (P4) is an immune regulatory nuclear hormone with a potent Treg induction activity. We reasoned that this function ...
Cipak L - - 2012
This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of novel nonclassical antifolate, 2-[N-(2´-Hydroxyethyl)ami-no]methyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one (HEAMQ), toward human promonocytic U937 and murine lymphoblastic L1210 cell lines. The antiproliferative activity of HEAMQ was determined by MTT assay and its effects on cell cycle progression and apoptosis were studied by flow cytometry, and ...
Sutovsky Peter - - 2012
Reproduction and fertility have been objects of keen inquiry since the dawn of humanity. Medieval anatomists provided the first accurate depictions of the female reproductive system, and early microscopists were fascinated by the magnified sight of sperm cells. Initial successes were achieved in the in vitro fertilization of frogs and ...
Tafuku Senji - - 2012
Fucoxanthin (FX) is a natural carotenoid with reported antitumorigenic activity. This study explored the effects of FX and its deacetylated product, fucoxanthinol (FXOH), on B-cell malignancies, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized B cells. Both FX and FXOH reduced the viability of these malignant B cells in a ...
Wongsirisin Pattama - - 2012
In this study, we focused the effects of crebanine, an alkaloid isolated from the tuber of Stephania venosa, on various human cancer cells. Crebanine treatment was found to significantly inhibit the proliferation of human leukemic cells (HL-60, U937 and K562), human fibrosarcoma cells (HT1080) and cervix cancer cell lines (KB-3-1 ...
Li Ziyin - - 2012
The cell division cycle is tightly regulated by the activation and inactivation of a series of proteins that control the replication and segregation of organelles to the daughter cells. During the past decade, we have witnessed significant advances in our understanding of the cell cycle in Trypanosoma brucei and how ...
Tsume Mami - - 2012
To understand genetic programs controlling mammalian central nervous system (CNS) development, we have identified one transgene-inserted mutation, which showed embryonic lethality during neurulation. Determination of the transgene integration site and rescue experiments revealed that the Brd2 gene, whose products specifically bind acetylated histone H4 and can mediate transcription, was the ...
Pun Jochebed Jolie - - 2012
Granulosa cells are components of the sex cord-stromal cells in the ovary responsible for steroidogenesis. Uncommonly, extraovarian granulosa cells have been reported to be associated with malignant processes of the ovary. We report a unique case of benign granulosa cells, found during routine laparoscopic evaluation, in the uterosacral ligaments in ...
Wang Chi-Yun - - 2012
Annexin A2 (ANXA2) overexpression is required for cancer cell proliferation; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying ANXA2-mediated regulation of the cell cycle are still unknown. ANXA2 is highly expressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is positively correlated with a poor prognosis. NSCLC A549 cells lacking ANXA2 exhibited defects in ...
Jiang Xiu Xiu - - 2012
Aquaporin (AQP)-dependent cell migration has broad implications in angiogenesis, tumor metastasis, wound healing, glial scarring and other events requiring cell movement. There are 13 isoforms of AQP (0-12) that have been identified in mammals. It is unclear whether AQP5 plays a role in the development of endometrial cancer. We recently ...
Genot Elisabeth - - 2012
Disabling mutations in the FGD1 gene cause faciogenital dysplasia (also known as Aarskog-Scott syndrome), a human X-linked developmental disorder that results in disproportionately short stature, facial, skeletal and urogenital anomalies, and in a number of cases, mild mental retardation. FGD1 encodes the guanine nucleotide exchange factor FGD1, which is specific ...
Stückemann Tom - - 2012
The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway plays dual roles in proliferation and patterning during embryonic development, but the mechanism(s) that distinguish the mitogenic and patterning activities of Hh signalling are not fully understood. An additional level of complexity is provided by the observation that Hh signalling can both promote and inhibit cell ...
Baker Mark A - - 2012
Spermatozoa represent the epitome of terminally differentiated, highly specialized cells. They are transcriptionally and translationally silent and yet manage to undergo a complete functional transformation after they leave the testes, entirely fuelled by post-translational modifications occurring during epididymal maturation and capacitation. The latter have been recognized as biological processes for ...
Gendreau Emmanuel - - 2012
The aim of the present work was to investigate the occurrence of the cell cycle during germination as related to thermodormancy in barley (Hordeum vulgare L., cv. Pewter) grains in relation with abscisic acid (ABA) by: (i) flow cytometry to determine the progression of the cell cycle; and (ii) reverse ...
Pate Jl - - 2012
The corpus luteum (CL) is an ephemeral endocrine organ. During its lifespan, it undergoes a period of extremely rapid growth that involves hypertrophy, proliferation and differentiation of the steroidogenic cells, as well as extensive angiogenesis. The growth phase is followed by a period in which remodelling of the tissue ceases, ...
Rahman Mohammed Tanjimur - - 2012
Recently we reported that amplification of the Zinc Finger Protein 217 (ZNF217) gene adversely affects survival of patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma. This study sought to determine the mechanism by which ZNF217 amplification affects patient survival. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect ZNF217 gene amplification status ...
Park Sung-Won - - 2012
HoxB4, a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, is involved in the expansion of hematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells in vivo and in vitro, and plays a key role in regulating the balance between hematopoietic stem cell renewal and cell differentiation. However, the biological activity of HoxB4 in other cells has not ...
de Brito Galvao Joao Felipe - - 2012
To evaluate in vitro effects of gemcitabine alone and in combination with carboplatin on canine transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell lines. In vitro cultures of 5 canine TCC cell lines. Cells were treated with gemcitabine, carboplatin, or a combination of both at various concentrations. Cell proliferation was assessed via a ...
Lv Lei - - 2012
Most ovarian cancers originate from the ovarian surface epithelium and are characterized by aneuploid karyotypes. Aneuploidy, a consequence of chromosome instability, is an early event during the development of ovarian cancers. However, how aneuploid cells are evolved from normal diploid cells in ovarian cancers remains unknown. In the present study, ...
Yenugonda Venkata Mahidhar - - 2012
Resveratrol (RSV), a natural compound present in the skin and seeds of red grapes, is considered a phytoestrogen and has structural similarity to the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol. RSV inhibits tumor cell growth in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and negative (ER-) breast cancer cell lines resulting in cell specific regulation of the ...
Nedel Fernanda - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate the effects and study the underlying cell death mechanisms of diaryl diselenides, including: diphenyl diselenide (C(6)H(5)Se)(2); 4-chlorodiphenyl diselenide (4-ClC(6)H(4)Se)(2); 3-(trifluoromethyl)-diphenyl diselenide (3-CF(3)C(6)H(4)Se)(2) and 4-methoxydiphenyl diselenide (4-MeOC(6)H(4)Se)(2), on the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. MAIN METHODS: The viability of HT-29 cells after exposure to the diaryl diselenides ...
Go Eun Jeong - - 2012
Cellular uptake of a protein microsphere was investigated in vitro. Fibroin microspheres with an average diameter of approximately 1 µm were prepared with Fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran for the fluorescent core. Tomography, performed using confocal laser scanning microscopy, confirmed microsphere uptake into the cytoplasmic area of 3T3 cells. Flow cytometry showed that cellular uptake ...
Chang R Jeffrey RJ Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0633, United States. - - 2013
Alterations of ovarian follicle morphology and function have been well documented in women with PCOS. These include increased numbers of growing preantral follicles, failure of follicle growth beyond the mid-antral stage, evidence of granulosa call degeneration, and theca cell hyperplasia. Functional abnormalities include paradoxical granulosa cell hyperresponsiveness to FSH which ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >