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Mead Timothy J TJ The Heart Institute, Division of Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, - - 2012
The function of Notch signaling in murine neural crest-derived cell lineages in vivo was examined. Conditional gain (Wnt1Cre;Rosa(Notch)) or loss (Wnt1Cre;RBP-J(f/f)) of Notch signaling in neural crest cells (NCCs) in vivo results in craniofacial, cardiac, and trunk abnormalities. Severe craniofacial malformations are apparent in Wnt1Cre;Rosa(Notch) embryos, while less severe skull ...
Liu Da-Zhi - - 2012
Since publishing our earlier report describing a strategy for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases by inhibiting the cell cycle and without disrupting neurogenesis (Liu et al. 2010), we now update and extend this strategy to applications in the treatment of cancers as well. Here, we put forth ...
Mancebo Quintana J M - - 2012
The origin of sex is becoming a vexatious issue for Evolutionary Biology. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed, based on the genetic effects of sex, on trophic effects or on the formation of cysts and syncytia. Our approach addresses the change in cell cycle duration which would cause cell fusion. Several ...
Magnussen Gry Irene - - 2012
Notoriously resistant malignant melanoma is one of the most increasing forms of cancer worldwide; there is thus a precarious need for new treatment options. The Wee1 kinase is a major regulator of the G(2)/M checkpoint, and halts the cell cycle by adding a negative phosphorylation on CDK1 (Tyr15). Additionally, Wee1 ...
Xu Wencai - - 2012
Melanoma is known to be radioresistant and traditional treatments have been intractable. Therefore, novel approaches are required to improve the therapeutic efficacy of melanoma treatment. In our study, gold nanorods conjugated with Arg-Gly-Asp peptides (RGD-GNRs) were used as a sensitizer to enhance the response of melanoma cells to 6 mV ...
Amaral Cristina - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs), which block the conversion of androgens to estrogens, are used for hormone-dependent breast cancer treatment. Exemestane, a steroidal that belongs to the third-generation of AIs, is a mechanism-based inhibitor that binds covalently and irreversibly, inactivating and destabilizing aromatase. Since the biological effects of exemestane in breast cancer ...
Pan M - - 2012
Objectives: Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) reduces the risk of Alzheimer's disease and symptoms in postmenopausal and elderly women. However, ERT is associated with increased risk of uterine and breast cancer. Dietary phytoestrogens have been suggested as a potential alternative to ERT, while little information is available regarding the effects and ...
Ji Yingbiao Y Cancer Biology Program, Epigenetics and Progenitor Cell Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadephia 19111, - - 2012
Within the short span of the cell cycle, poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr) can be rapidly produced by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases and degraded by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases. Here we show that changes in association between pADPr and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) regulate germline stem cell (GSC) maintenance and egg chamber polarity during oogenesis in Drosophila. ...
Mruk Dolores D - - 2012
The movement of preleptotene/leptotene spermatocytes across the blood-testis barrier, also known as the Sertoli cell barrier, during stages VIII to XI of the seminiferous epithelial cycle is one of the most important cellular events taking place in the mammalian testis. Without the passage of spermatocytes, spermatogenesis would be halted, resulting ...
Singh Neetu - - 2012
Polyphenols as "sensitizers" together with cytotoxic drugs as "inducers" cooperate to trigger apoptosis in various cancer cells. Hence, their combination having similar mode of mechanism may be a novel approach to enhance the efficacy of inducers. Additionally, this will also enable to achieve the physiological concentrations facilitating significant increase in ...
Zuryń Agnieszka A Department of Histology and Embryology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of mitotic cyclin B1 in the context of senescence and cell death in A549 non-small cell lung carcinoma cells. This was performed through analysis of the cell cycle, the percentage of SA-β-galactosidase-positive, as well as TUNEL-positive cells. Morphological alterations were ...
Pal-Bhadra Manika - - 2012
Chrysin and its analogues, belongs to flavonoid family and possess potential anti-tumour activity. The aim of this study is to determine the molecular mechanism by which chrysin controls cell growth and induce apoptosis in A375 cells. Effect of chrysin and its analogues on cell viability and cell cycle analysis was ...
Xu Xia - - 2012
Endogenous estrogens and estrogen metabolites play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of human breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers. Increasing evidence also supports their involvement in the development of certain lung, colon and prostate cancers. In this study we systemically surveyed endogenous estrogen and estrogen metabolite levels in ...
Saawarn Swati - - 2012
Cyclin D1 regulates the G1 to S transition of cell cycle. Its deregulation or overexpression may lead to disturbance in the normal cell cycle control and tumour formation. Overexpression of cyclin D1 has been reported in various tumors of diverse histogenesis. This case control retrospective study was carried out to ...
Fleisig Helen H Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British - - 2012
Precise control of the initiation and subsequent progression through the various phases of the cell cycle are of paramount importance in proliferating cells. Cell cycle division is an integral part of growth and reproduction and deregulation of key cell cycle components have been implicated in the precipitating events of carcinogenesis. ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
Xanthatin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone, has significant antitumor activity against a variety of cancer cells, yet little is known about its anticancer mechanism. In this study, we demonstrated that xanthatin had obvious dose-/time-dependent cytotoxicity against the human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line A549. Flow cytometry analysis showed xanthatin induced ...
Ishizuka Satoshi - - 2012
Bile acids (BAs) are considered to be promotive factors in colorectal carcinogenesis. We investigated whether BAs in the cellular environment influence proliferation of intestinal epithelial cell lines. Some BAs induced proliferation in several epithelial cell lines. In the proliferation assay, significant increases in IEC-6 cell proliferation were observed in response ...
Bian Tao - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of viral respiratory infections in children. Our previous study showed that the RSV infection induced lung epithelial cell cycle arrest, which enhanced virus replication. To address the mechanism of RSV-induced cell cycle arrest, we examined the contribution of RSV-matrix (RSV-M) protein. In ...
Smith Lee B LB MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Spermatogenesis is a complex process reliant upon interactions between germ cells (GC) and supporting somatic cells. Testicular Sertoli cells (SC) support GCs during maturation through physical attachment, the provision of nutrients, and protection from immunological attack. This role is facilitated by an active cytoskeleton of parallel microtubule arrays that permit ...
Yim Nam-Hui - - 2012
We have demonstrated the anticancer effect of HRT in HCT116, human colon carcinoma cells. HRT inhibited cancer cell growth by causing cell cycle arrest at G(2)/M and inducing apoptosis as evidenced by DNA fragmentation assay. We found that HRT induces the activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9, whereas it reduces ...
Chong Hueh Zan - - 2012
Strobilanthes crispus has been traditionally used as antidiabetic, anticancer, diuretic, antilytic and laxative agent. However, cytotoxicity and antiproliferative effect of S. crispus is still unclear. Strobilanthes cripus was able to reduce cell viability and proliferation in MTT and BrdU assays. Both cell cycle progression and Tunel assay suggested that IC50 ...
Ito Sayuri - - 2012
Depletion of replication factors often causes cell death in cancer cells. Depletion of Cdc7, a kinase essential for initiation of DNA replication, induces cancer cell death regardless of its p53 status, but the precise pathways of cell death induction have not been characterized. We have used the recently-developed cell cycle ...
Sun Lihua - - 2012
Nelfinavir is a protease inhibitor with potential antitumour activity against certain cancer types. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antitumour effects of nelfinavir in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, HepG2 and WCH-17. Results indicate that nelfinavir inhibited the proliferation of Hep G2 and WCH-17 cell lines, with IC50 ...
Glassford J - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clinically and genetically heterogenous cancer where tumour cells have dysregulated expression of a D-type cyclin, often in association with a recurrent IgH translocation. Patients whose tumour cells express cyclin D2, with the translocation t(4;14) or t(14;16), generally have more proliferative disease and inferior outcomes. The ...
Lee Seung Joon - - 2012
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), the yellow pigment in the Asian spice turmeric, is a hydrophobic polyphenol from the rhizome of Curcuma longa. Because of its chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic potential with no discernable side effects, it has become one of the major natural agents being developed for cancer therapy. Accumulating evidence suggests that ...
Wang Lidan - - 2012
Poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy-p-phenylenevinylene)]/ZnO nanorod hybrid solar cells consisting of PbS quantum dots [QDs] prepared by a chemical bath deposition method were fabricated. An optimum coating of the QDs on the ZnO nanorods could strongly improve the performance of the solar cells. A maximum power conversion efficiency of 0.42% was achieved for the ...
Zhao Ningning N Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Oregon, - - 2012
Organisms, like cells, maintain tight control of iron. In humans as well as other mammals, control is achieved through the regulation of iron uptake into the body rather than through the excretion of iron. The mechanisms by which humans and mice regulate both iron uptake and the distribution of iron ...
Manoli Martha - - 2012
This article describes a procedure for the dissociation of zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos to produce a suspension of single cells that is suitable for fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The method has been applied to embryos at stages from 14 h post fertilization (hpf) to larvae at 5 d post fertilization ...
Cole Eric - - 2012
The ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila can be said to undergo a variety of developmental programs. During vegetative growth, cells coordinate a variety of cell-cycle operations including macronuclear DNA synthesis and a-mitotic fission, micronuclear DNA synthesis and mitosis, cytokinesis and an elaborate program of cortical morphogenesis that replicates the cortical organelles. When ...
Stokke Caroline - - 2012
Many studies are performed on chromosome replication and segregation in Escherichia coli and other bacteria capable of complex replication with C phases spanning several generations. For such investigations an understanding of the replication patterns, including copy numbers of origins and replication forks, is crucial for correct interpretation of the results.Flow ...
Wang Lu - - 2012
During normal development primordial germ cells (PGCs) derived from the epiblast are the precursors of spermatogonia and oogonia. In culture, PGCs can be induced to dedifferentiate to pluripotent embryonic germ (EG) cells in the presence of various growth factors. Several recent studies have now demonstrated that spermatogonial stem cells ...
Gissot Mathieu - - 2012
Apicomplexan parasites are responsible for some of the most deadly parasitic diseases afflicting humans, including malaria and toxoplasmosis. These obligate intracellular parasites exhibit a complex life cycle and a coordinated cell cycle-dependant expression program. Their cell division is a coordinated multistep process. How this complex mechanism is organised remains poorly ...
Ishihara Yasuhiro - - 2012
Two mechanisms have been proposed to explain quinone cytotoxicity: oxidative stress via the redox cycle, and the arylation of intracellular nucleophiles. The redox cycle is catalyzed by intracellular reductases, and therefore the toxicity of redox cycling quinone is considered to be closely associated with the reductase activity. This study examined ...
Lin Ching-Bin - - 2012
6-Gingerol, a natural component of ginger, has been widely reported to possess antiinflammatory and antitumorigenic activities. Despite its potential efficacy against cancer, the anti-tumor mechanisms of 6-gingerol are complicated and remain sketchy. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the anti-tumor effects of 6-gingerol on colon cancer cells. Our ...
Xue D M - - 2012
The signaling molecules NH(3) (unprotonated volatile ammonia), as well as cyclic adenosine monophosphate and differentiation-inducing factor, play important roles in the multicellular development of the slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum. One of the downstream metabolic products catalyzed by allantoicase (allC) is ammonia. We observed the role of allC by RNAi-mediated manipulation ...
Cecchini Matthew J - - 2012
The regulation of cell proliferation is central to tissue morphogenesis during the development of multicellular organisms. Furthermore, loss of control of cell proliferation underlies the pathology of diseases like cancer. As such there is great need to be able to investigate cell proliferation and quantitate the proportion of cells in ...
Dai Xiao-Yun - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in worldwide. We previously reported a novel thienopyridine derivative 3-amino-6-(3,4-dichlorophenyl) thieno[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxamide (SKLB70359) which possesses anticancer activity against hepatocellular carcinoma. In present study, we further investigated its anticancer activity and possible mechanism. The SKLB70359 treatment decreased the viability of a panel of ...
Cui Yan-Hui - - 2012
Objective: To explore the effect on radiosensitivity of arsenic trioxide (As203) in conjunction with hyperthermia on the esophageal carcinoma EC-1 cell line. Method: Inhibition of EC-1 cell proliferation at different concentrations of As203 was assessed using the methyl thiazolyl blue colorimetric method (MTT method), with calculation of IC50 value and ...
McDougall Alex - - 2012
The completely transparent eggs and embryos of the ascidian Phallusia mammillata are well suited for imaging-based studies of how cell cycle control mechanisms have been integrated into the processes of meiosis, fertilization, and embryonic development. Several cell cycle-related issues that pertain to reproduction and development have been addressed using the ...
Wang Xue-Mei - - 2012
The COPS3 gene has stimulating effect on cell proliferation and progression of osteosarcomas and related cells. However, the features of COPS3 and its potential application as a therapeutic target in other cancers has not yet been studied. In this study, therefore, the effect of COPS3 silencing via COPS3 siRNA on ...
Hoose Scott A - - 2012
Upstream events that trigger initiation of cell division, at a point called START in yeast, determine the overall rates of cell proliferation. The identity and complete sequence of those events remain unknown. Previous studies relied mainly on cell size changes to identify systematically genes required for the timely completion of ...
Liu Yueying - - 2012
Ovarian cancer metastasizes via exfoliation of free-floating cells and multicellular aggregates from the primary tumor to the peritoneal cavity. A key event in EOC metastasis is disruption of cell-cell contacts via modulation of intercellular junctional components including cadherins. Ascites is rich in lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a bioactive lipid that may ...
Palaoro Luis Alberto - - 2012
To establish the cytological criteria to identify the urothelial cells in cervical smears in order to avoid mistakes in the cytological diagnosis. Cervical smears from 34 post menopausal women with vesicovaginal fistulas, advanced bladder prolapse and genital erosive lichen planes (vulvar kraurosis) (Group 1) and transitional cell metaplasia of the ...
Takatori Eriko - - 2012
Differences in the incidences and types of DNA damage induced by antitumor agents for clear cell carcinoma (CCC) were determined in 2 ovarian CCC cell lines using γH2AX. The antitumor activity of anticancer agents, CDDP, CBDCA, PTX and SN-38, was examined using ovarian clear cell carcinoma cultured cell lines (OVISE ...
Degrelle Séverine A - - 2012
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is the most efficient cell reprogramming technique available, especially when working with bovine species. Although SCNT blastocysts performed equally well or better than controls in the weeks following embryo transfer at Day 7, elongation and gastrulation defects were observed prior to implantation. To understand the ...
Zhang Y H - - 2012
We investigated the effect of growth phase of suspension culture of insect Sf9 cells on cell cycle phase distribution, cell viability and Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) production. The cell culture showed a maximum cell viability and potential to replicate the virus at the peak of G1 phase cells in the ...
Shen Kun-Hung - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effect of Eucalyptus citriodora resin (ECR) on human hepatoma HepG2 cells. The results from MTT assay and LDH leakage analysis showed that water extracts of ECR (WEECR) in the dose range of 0-500 μg/ml displayed stronger cytotoxic effects on HepG2 ...
Mollah Mohammad Lalmoddin - - 2012
Cordyceps militaris (CM) is an insect-borne fungus that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine because of its wide range of pharmacological activities. In this paper, we studied CM grown on germinated soybean (GSC) and investigated the possible mechanisms underlying antiproliferative effect of GSC on HT-29 human colon cancer cells. ...
McIver Skye C - - 2012
The last 100 years have seen a concerning decline in male reproductive health associated with decreased sperm production, sperm function and male fertility. Concomitantly, the incidence of defects in reproductive development, such as undescended testes, hypospadias and testicular cancer has increased. Indeed testicular cancer is now recognised as the most ...
Yin Yixia - - 2012
The alteration in intracellular Zn2+ homeostasis is attributed to the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, which subsequently results in oxidative damage of organelles and cell apoptosis. In this work, the neurotoxic effects of ZnO hierarchical architectures (nanoparticles and microspheres, the prism-like and flower-like structures) were evaluated through the 3-(4, ...
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