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Sandra Niro - - 2012
7β-Hydroxy-epiandrosterone (7β-OH-EpiA), an endogenous androgenic derivative of dehydroepiandrosterone, has previously been shown to exert anti-inflammatory action in vitro and in vivo via a shift from prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) to 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-PGJ2 production. This modulation in prostaglandin production was obtained with low concentrations of 7β-OH-EpiA (1-100nM) and suggested that it might act ...
Bloomekatz Joshua - - 2012
Pten, the potent tumor suppressor, is a lipid phosphatase that is best known as a regulator of cell proliferation and cell survival. Here we show that mouse embryos that lack Pten have a striking set of morphogenetic defects, including the failure to correctly specify the anterior-posterior body axis, that are ...
Karlenius Therese C - - 2012
The thioredoxin system is a key cellular antioxidant system and is highly expressed in cancer cells, especially in more aggressive and therapeutic resistant tumors. We analysed the expression of the thioredoxin system in the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line under conditions mimicking the tumor oxygen microenvironment. We grew breast cancer ...
Jiang Juan - - 2012
Based on the core skeleton of the total synthesized bisbibenzyl marchantin C, riccardin D and plagiochin E, a series of brominated and aminomethylated derivatives of above three bisbibenzyls have been synthesized and their cytotoxic activity against KB, MCF-7 and PC3 cell lines has been preliminary evaluated. The bio-test results revealed ...
McClusky Leon Mendel - - 2012
A common observation in the vertebrate testis is that new germ cell clones enter spermatogenesis proper before previously formed clones have completed their development. The extent to which the developmental advance of any given germ cell clone in any phase of spermatogenesis is dependent on that of neighboring clones and/or ...
Heng Xian-Pei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study the toxicity features of high glucose on the endothelial cell cycle and the: influence of Dan Gua-Fang (), a Chinese herbal compound prescription, on the reproductive cycle of vascular endothelial cells cultivated under a high glucose condition; to reveal the partial mechanisms of Dan Gua-Fang in the ...
García-García Elisa - - 2012
During development, neurons can be generated directly from a multipotent progenitor or indirectly through an intermediate progenitor (IP). This last mode of division amplifies the progeny of neurons. The mechanisms governing the generation and behavior of IPs are not well understood. In this work, we demonstrate that the lengthening of ...
Peco Emilie - - 2012
During embryonic development, changes in cell cycle kinetics have been associated with neurogenesis. This observation suggests that specific cell cycle regulators may be recruited to modify cell cycle dynamics and influence the decision between proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, we investigate the role of core positive cell cycle ...
Mishra Rasmi Rekha - - 2012
The human TPIP (TPTE and PTEN homologous Inositol lipid Phosphatase) belongs to the PTEN (Phosphatase and TENsin homologue deleted on chromosome 10) family of dual-specific phosphatases and is expressed from the human chromosome 13 as multiple splice-variants, e.g., TPIPα, β, γ mRNAs. PTEN is a well characterized tumor suppressor, which ...
Yang Yong Ryoul - - 2012
Dysregulation of O-GlcNAc modification catalyzed by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) contributes to the etiology of chronic diseases of aging, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease. Here we found that natural aging in wild-type mice was marked by a decrease in OGA and OGT protein ...
Zwang Yaara - - 2012
Mammalian cells are constantly exposed to multiple mitogens and, hence, have developed machineries that help them ignore fortuitous signals. In a recent report in Molecular Cell, we highlighted the molecular details of such a noise-reduction filter, including roles for EGR1, AKT, and p53. Brief exposure to a mitogen drives formation ...
Hinde Elizabeth - - 2012
We present a quantitative fluctuation-based assay to measure the degree of local chromatin compaction and investigate how chromatin density regulates the diffusive path adopted by an inert protein in dividing cells. The assay uses CHO-K1 cells coexpressing untagged enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and histone H2B tagged mCherry. We measure ...
Strauss Robert R Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Genome Integrity Unit and Center for Genotoxic Stress Research, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are associated with a high degree of plasticity, which allows them to self-renew and differentiate into every somatic cell. During differentiation, ESCs follow a hierarchically organized pattern towards tissue specificity, which ultimately results in permanent cell cycle arrest and a loss of cellular plasticity. In contrast ...
Businge Edward - - 2012
Progress on industrial-scale propagation of conifers by somatic embryogenesis has been hampered by the differences in developmental capabilities between cell lines, which are limiting the capture of genetic gains from breeding programs. In this study, we investigated the metabolic events occurring during somatic embryo development in Norway spruce to establish ...
Dever Daniel P - - 2012
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-activated member of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH)/PER-ARNT-SIM (PAS) transcription superfamily, is known to regulate the toxicity of polyaromatic halogenated hydrocarbon environmental chemicals, most notably dioxin. However, the AhR has also been implicated in multiple stages of tumorigenesis. Medulloblastoma (MB), a primary cerebellar brain tumor ...
Shafi Gowhar - - 2012
Natural products have become increasingly important in pharmaceutical discoveries, and traditional herbalism has been a pioneering specialty in biomedical science. The search for effective plant-derived anticancer agents has continued to gain momentum in recent years. The present study aimed to investigate the role of crude extracts of the aerial parts ...
Press Joshua Z - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Microparticles are cellular-derived vesicles (0.5-1.0 μm) composed of cell membrane components, which are actively shed from the surface of various cells, including epithelial cells. We compared microparticles in ascites between women with ovarian carcinoma and women with benign ovarian pathology, and isolated tumor-derived (epithelial cell adhesion molecule [EpCAM]-positive) microparticles ...
Lee Hye-Rim - - 2012
Various endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous compounds found in the environment and have the potential to interfere with the endocrine system and hormonal regulation. Among EDCs, bisphenol A (BPA) and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-methoxyphenol)-ethane [methoxychlor (MXC)] have estrogenic activity resulting in a variety of dysfunctions in the E2-mediated response by binding to estrogen ...
Lombardi Lara - - 2012
The nucellus is a maternal tissue that feeds the developing embryo and the secondary endosperm. During seed development the cells of the nucellus suffer a degenerative process early after fertilization as the cellular endosperm expands and accumulates reserves. Nucellar cell degeneration has been characterized as a form of developmentally programmed ...
Wu Xiaomei - - 2012
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for endometrial cancer, due in part to the adipokines generated by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin (also known as Acrp30) and leptin, which are associated with many endocrine-related cancers. Recent reports suggested that Acrp30 inhibits leptin-stimulated cell proliferation in HEC-1A and RL95-2 endometrial cancer ...
Pahl Heike L - - 2012
In this issue of Blood, Gautier and colleagues describe a novel signaling pathway in which deregulated JAK2 activity augments expression of a key regulator of the cell cycle, the CDC25A phosphatase, via a translational mechanism.
Simmons Kovacs Laura A - - 2012
During embryonic cell cycles, B-cyclin-CDKs function as the core component of an autonomous oscillator. Current models for the cell-cycle oscillator in nonembryonic cells are slightly more complex, incorporating multiple G1, S phase, and mitotic cyclin-CDK complexes. However, periodic events persist in yeast cells lacking all S phase and mitotic B-cyclin ...
Ramsay Robert - - 2012
Comment on: Cesi V, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:4149-61.
Scheetz Danielle - - 2012
The reason ovarian function and fertility are diminished in women with a low antral follicle count (AFC), despite significant numbers of follicles remaining in ovaries, is unknown. The bovine model is unique to address this question because cattle and women with a low AFC exhibit similar phenotypic characteristics including a ...
Fekete Mirela - - 2012
Pharmacological inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway prevents G(1) cell cycle progression into S, resulting in G(1) accumulation. The hypothesis that this arrest might negatively impact on chemotherapeutic agents primarily effective in S, G(2) or M-phase was investigated. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway signaling via LY294002 and Akti-1/2 was demonstrated ...
Hong Lilan - - 2012
The switch from mitosis to meiosis is one of the most pivotal events in eukaryotes undergoing sexual reproduction. However, the mechanisms orchestrating meiosis initiation remain elusive, particularly in plants. Flowering plants are heterosporous, with male and female spore genesis adopting different developmental courses. We show here that plant pollen mother ...
Garbiec Arnold - - 2012
Mechanisms that underlie differentiation and diversification of the ovarian follicular epithelium in insects have been best characterized in a fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Recent comparative analyses have shown that dipterans evolved a common, specific system of early patterning of their follicular epithelium, while some of the follicular cells acquired an ...
Sulaiman Ghassan M - - 2012
The study was designed to evaluate anti-tumour properties of Iraqi propolis collected from Mosul region (M) on HL-60 and HCT-116 cell lines and on HCT-116 in vivo. M induced an inhibitory effect against the proliferation of HL-60 and colony potential of HCT-116 cells. The apoptosis in HL-60 cells was associated ...
Zachariades Elena - - 2012
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant epithelial tumour that is most often associated with hydatidiform mole and presents the most common emergency medical problem in the management of trophoblast disease. We hypothesise that the hormones/cytokines present within the tumour microenvironment play key roles in the development of choriocarcinoma. In this study ...
Kim Seo Ju - - 2012
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM), an active metabolite of indole-3-carbinol, is thought to have antitumor effects in experimental animals and induce apoptosis in various cancer cells. However, the biological functions of DIM in human esophageal cancer cells are unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effects of DIM ...
Chimento Adele - - 2012
In mammals, spontaneous apoptosis is observed particularly in differentiating spermatogonia and in spermatocytes. 17β-Estradiol (E2) in primary rat pachytene spermatocytes (PS) binds estrogen receptor α (ESR1) and GPER to activate EGFR/ERK/c-Jun pathway leading to up regulation of proapoptotic factor bax. Aim of this study was to clarify the effector pathway(s) ...
Chung Daesuk - - 2012
Sik-similar protein (Sik-SP), a small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein, has been shown to be primarily involved in ribosome biogenesis. However, its role in the hormone-directed nuclear receptor signaling is largely unknown. Here, we provide novel evidence that Sik-SP is required for appropriate regulation of estrogen receptor (ER)α-mediated estradiol-17β (E2)-dependent uterine physiologic responses ...
Singh Bhupender - - 2012
A number of lipophilic 14-substituted derivatives of doxorubicin were synthesized through conjugation of doxorubicin-14-hemisucinate with different fatty amines or tetradecanol to enhance the lipophilicity, cellular uptake, and cellular retention for sustained anticancer activity. The conjugates inhibited the cell proliferation of human leukemia (CCRF-CEM, 69-76%), colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29, 60-77%), and breast ...
Qiao Qiao - - 2012
Curcumin, a phenolic compound from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa, inhibits the growth of a variety of malignant cell types including lymphoma cells. We investigated the role of curcumin in modulating the response of Burkitt's lymphoma cells to ionizing radiation (IR) in vitro and explored the mechanisms that mediated this ...
Sasaki Kazuki - - 2012
The combination of histone posttranslational modifications occurring in nucleosomal histones determines the epigenetic code. Histone modifications such as acetylation are dynamically controlled in response to a variety of signals during the cell cycle and differentiation, but they are paradoxically maintained through cell division to impart tissue specific gene expression patterns ...
Yang Chen - - 2012
Long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) promotes human bladder cancer cell proliferation, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. After knocking down of UCA1 in BLZ-211 cells, several cell cycle-related genes (CDKN2B, EP300 and TGFβ-2) were screened by microarray assay and validated by real-time PCR. Interestingly, in western blot ...
Kawai Tomoko - - 2012
The biosynthesis of androgens requires multiple steps and during the conversion of pregnenolone to 17α-hydroxypregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by CYP17a1. Acetaldehyde is potentially formed as a by-product in theca cells during antral follicular development. In this study, acetaldehyde level was significantly increased after eCG stimulation and reached a maximum level ...
Guerrero-Estévez S - - 2012
This study describes the structural and ultrastructural characteristics of gonadal sex differentiation and expression of Vasa, a germline marker, in different developmental stages of embryos and newborn fry of the barred splitfin Chapalichthys encaustus, a viviparous freshwater teleost endemic to Mexico. In stage 2 embryos, the gonadal crest was established; ...
Wang Guanghui - - 2012
Among the seven natural resveratrol analogs separated and identified from Pholidota yunnanensis R(OLFE), we found phoyunbene B (PYB, trans-3,4'-dihydroxy-2',3',5-trimethoxystilbene) was more effective in inhibiting the growth of HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells than resveratrol. The inhibitory effect of PYB in HepG2 cells was due to its induction of G2/M cell cycle ...
Mocciaro Annamaria - - 2012
The covalent modification of proteins with ubiquitin is required for accurate cell division in all eukaryotes. Ubiquitylation depends on an enzymatic cascade, in which E3 enzymes recruit specific substrates for modification. Among ~600 human E3s, the SCF (Skp1-cullin1-F-box) and the APC/C (anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome) are known for driving the degradation of ...
Chen Chien-Hong - - 2012
Rabbit is a unique species to study human embryology; however, there are limited reports on the key transcription factors and epigenetic events of rabbit embryos. This study examined the Oct-4 and acetylated H4K5 (H4K5ac) patterns in rabbit embryos using immunochemistry staining. The average intensity of the Oct-4 signal in the ...
Duncan Henry F - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) alter the homeostatic balance between 2 groups of cellular enzymes, histone deacetylases (HDACs) and histone acetyltransferases (HATs), increasing transcription and influencing cell behavior. This study investigated the potential of 2 HDACis, valproic acid (VPA) and trichostatin A (TSA), to promote reparative processes in pulp cells as ...
Li Zhi-Hua - - 2012
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), commonly used in building materials, electronics, plastics, polyurethane foams, and textiles, are health hazards found in the environment. In this study we investigated the effects of PBDE-209, a deca-PBDE, on the regulation of growth and apoptosis of breast, ovarian, and cervical cancer cells as well as ...
Mead Timothy J - - 2012
The function of Notch signaling in murine neural crest-derived cell lineages in vivo was examined. Conditional gain (Wnt1Cre;Rosa(Notch)) or loss (Wnt1Cre;RBP-J(f/f)) of Notch signaling in neural crest cells (NCCs) in vivo results in craniofacial, cardiac, and trunk abnormalities. Severe craniofacial malformations are apparent in Wnt1Cre;Rosa(Notch) embryos, while less severe skull ...
Dai Xiao-Yun - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in worldwide. We previously reported a novel thienopyridine derivative 3-amino-6-(3,4-dichlorophenyl) thieno[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxamide (SKLB70359) which possesses anticancer activity against hepatocellular carcinoma. In present study, we further investigated its anticancer activity and possible mechanism. The SKLB70359 treatment decreased the viability of a panel of ...
PolaƄski Zbigniew - - 2012
Oocyte maturation and early embryo development require precise coordination between cell cycle progression and the developmental programme. Cyclin B plays a major role in this process: its accumulation and degradation is critical for driving the cell cycle through activation and inactivation of the major cell cycle kinase, CDK1. CDK1 activation ...
Shen Kun-Hung - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effect of Eucalyptus citriodora resin (ECR) on human hepatoma HepG2 cells. The results from MTT assay and LDH leakage analysis showed that water extracts of ECR (WEECR) in the dose range of 0-500 μg/ml displayed stronger cytotoxic effects on HepG2 ...
Mollah Mohammad Lalmoddin - - 2012
Cordyceps militaris (CM) is an insect-borne fungus that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine because of its wide range of pharmacological activities. In this paper, we studied CM grown on germinated soybean (GSC) and investigated the possible mechanisms underlying antiproliferative effect of GSC on HT-29 human colon cancer cells. ...
Kwiecinska P - - 2012
Objective. The current study was undertaken to determine the involvement of cAMP/PKA and MAPK-mediated signalling pathways in the regulation of cell proliferation by hydroxylated metabolites of 17β-estradiol (E2).Methods. MCF-7, human breast cancer cells, were cultured in phenol red-free DMEM and treated with 1 nM 2-OH-E2 or 4-OH-E2. E2 was used ...
Palaoro Luis Alberto - - 2012
To establish the cytological criteria to identify the urothelial cells in cervical smears in order to avoid mistakes in the cytological diagnosis. Cervical smears from 34 post menopausal women with vesicovaginal fistulas, advanced bladder prolapse and genital erosive lichen planes (vulvar kraurosis) (Group 1) and transitional cell metaplasia of the ...
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