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Results 301 - 350 of 1872
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Arora S - - 2009
Primary cells are ideal for in vitro toxicity studies since they closely resemble tissue environment. Here, we report a detailed study on the in vitro interactions of 7-20 nm spherical silver nanoparticles (SNP) with primary fibroblasts and primary liver cells isolated from Swiss albino mice. The intended use of silver ...
Jun-Ying Yang - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects and mechanism of the selenium heteropoly compound (C(2)H(10)N(2))(5)(NH(4))(4)H(2)[Se(2)W(10)V(8)O(62)].9H(2)O (SeWV) in K562 cells. The results showed that 0.32-10.15 x 10(-3) mmol/l SeWV could significantly inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells in vitro, as determined by the MTT assay, with IC(50) ...
Kernt Marcus - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Fungal endophthalmitis is a rare but sight-threatening disease. Despite an expanding range of fungal pathogens, there are only few therapeutic agents for its treatment available. Voriconazole is a second-generation synthetic triazole with a broad action against yeasts and molds. The current study investigates the safety of Voriconazole for intravitreal ...
Hayashi Shuji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Low-intensity ultrasound showed tumor cell killing by a non-thermal effect in human leukemia cells. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy of low-intensity ultrasound on malignant astrocytic tumor cells with the photosensitizer, Photofrin, which is taken up by the cell surface receptor, low density lipoprotein receptor-related ...
Alley Df D Department of Chemistry, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, - - 2009
Asthma diagnoses are increasing nationally with the highest rates in the New England states. Epidemiological studies have suggested a relationship between airborne particulate matter (PM) and severity of an asthma attack. However, because particulate matter, PM, is such a complex mixture, it is difficult to isolate the exacerbating factors. In ...
Pusateri Christopher R - - 2009
Candida albicans cells form biofilms on polymeric surfaces of dentures and other prostheses introduced into the oral cavity. Many biofilm microorganisms exhibit resistance to antimicrobial agents; C. albicans cells may also develop resistance to naturally occurring antifungal peptides in human saliva including histatins (Hsts) and defensins (hBDs). Therefore, we evaluated ...
Sunderji, Rumina
Controlled release of recombinant proteins from mammalian cells enables protein product harvesting at increased concentrations and purity by separating protein expression from the protein recovery. The chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line investigated was genetically engineered to express glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored human melanoma antigen p97 on the outer surface ...
Gupta A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylcholine formulation has been used to dissolve local fat deposits. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of phosphatidylcholine formulation and its vehicle sodium deoxycholate alone on different cell lines to understand better its mechanism of action. METHODS: Cells and media including 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, normal foreskin fibroblasts, ...
Meng J - - 2009
This work investigated the biological influence of water-soluble multiwalled carbon nanotubes (wsMWCNTs) on fibroblast cell growth as a function of concentration control in an aqueous solution. The wsMWCNTs were prepared by an optimal procedure of ultrasonication/concentrated acids oxidation. The concentration of wsMWCNT in the solution was quantified by an established ...
Lv J - - 2009
AIM: Previous studies have shown that tenuigenin, a crude extract of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. that is commonly used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine for memory loss, can reduce the secretion of Abeta from cultured cells. However, the mechanism underlying this effect and the active compound derived from tenuigenin is unknown. ...
Falkinham Joseph O JO - - 2009
Cells of Mycobacterium immunogenum are significantly more resistant to biocides and antimicrobial compounds used for disinfection of metal removal fluids (MRFs) than cells of the gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes. To ensure accurate measurement of M. immunogenum susceptibility, a biocide inactivation step must be included to prevent an overestimation of killing ...
Rawsthorne Helen - - 2009
In this study, we use ethidium monoazide (EMA) a dye commonly used to differentiate viable and nonviable populations of bacteria in real-time PCR (QPCR) assays to eliminate the nonviable cells from the Z. bailii population. Thus we are able to determine the viable Z. bailii population using QPCR plus EMA. ...
Dynes James J - - 2009
Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) were used to examine the morphological and biochemical changes in Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms grown in the presence of subinhibitory concentrations of 4 antimicrobial agents: triclosan, benzalkonium chloride, chlorhexidine dihydrochloride, and trisodium phosphate. CLSM analyses using the stains SYTO9 and ...
Xia J G - - 2009
Dimercaptosuccinic acid-coated maghemite nanoparticles and their protamine derivatives were prepared. TEM revealed that the average size of nanoparticles is 10 nm and derivatives with larger size consist of several original nanoparticles. The cellular uptake of nanoparticles and derivatives by human hepatoma cells, and their effects on cell viability and cell-cycle ...
Fisher K - - 2009
AIMS: The aim was to explore the mechanisms by which a blend of orange (Citrus sinensis) : bergamot (Citrus bergamia) (1 : 1 v/v) EO (essential oil) (2% v/v) and its vapour (15 mg l(-1) air) brings about its antimicrobial effect against Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Poritz Lisa S - - 2010
The Interleukin-4 signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (IL-4-STAT6) signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in regulation of gene transcription. We have previously identified a defective STAT6 activational phenotype in response to IL-4 in patients from our familial Inflammatory Bowel Disease registry. This has been termed Stat6(null) and Stat6(high) ...
Okoko Tebekeme - - 2009
The potential of quercetin and its metabolite 3-O-methyl quercetin in inhibiting lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated activation of macrophage U937 cells was investigated. Cells were per-incubated for different periods with 100 ng/mL phorbol myristate acetate (PMA, and later with LPS and quercetin or 3-Omethyl quercetin (30 muM). Later, the supernatant of each cell ...
Sadiq Ahad A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Simocyclinone D-8 (SD8), a semi-synthetic compound derived from yeast, has been shown to decrease the proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. It has been shown to be a potent bacterial DNA gyrase inhibitor, a homologue of human topoisomerase II (hTopoII). We tested SD8 activity alone and in combination with ...
Siddique Zakiya-Luna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastrointestinal (GI) system are increasing in incidence with minimal improvement in prognosis. Although the cell of origin has been identified as the enterochromaffin (EC) cell, its secretory and proliferative regulation has not been defined at a mechanistic level. To date, the BON cell line ...
Ozdemir Feyyaz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Melatonin has been suggested to have antiproliferative effects on cancer cells. These effects can be attributed to immunomodulation, growth factor inhibition, induction of apoptosis and prooxidant properties. Melatonin is considered as a safe drug with minimal adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: We planned to investigate the effects of melatonin in hepatoma ...
Schmidlin P R - - 2009
Povidone-iodine [polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine complex (PVP-I)] is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent, frequently used in dentistry. In this study we investigated the short- and longterm effects on osteoblast number, viability, and function after short exposure to PVP-I with and without additional bone-morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). Confluent osteoblast-like cell line (MC3T3-E1, subclone 24) cultures were ...
Nagamine Takeaki - - 2009
The aim of this study is to assess whether fucoidan modulates the expression of chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12)/chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and exerts antitumor activity toward Huh7 hepatoma cells. According to 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays, fucoidan inhibited the growth of Huh7 cells and HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with ...
Janic Branislava - - 2009
Current method to magnetically label cells using ferumoxides (Fe)-protamine (Pro) sulfate (FePro) is based on generating FePro complexes in a serum free media that are then incubated overnight with cells for the efficient labeling. However, this labeling technique requires long (>12-16 hours) incubation time and uses relatively high dose of ...
Soncin Sabrina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Main scope of the EU and FDA regulations is to establish a classification criterion for advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP). Regulations require that ATMPs must be prepared under good manufacturing practice (GMP). We have validated a commercial system for the determination of bacterial endotoxins in compliance with EU Pharmacopoeia ...
Choe Jonathan M - - 2009
Dictyostelium cells secrete the proteins AprA and CfaD. Cells lacking either AprA or CfaD proliferate faster than wild type, while AprA or CfaD overexpressor cells proliferate slowly, indicating that AprA and CfaD are autocrine factors that repress proliferation. CfaD interacts with AprA and requires the presence of AprA to slow ...
Derengowski Lorena S - - 2009
Farnesol is a sesquiterpene alcohol produced by many organisms, and also found in several essential oils. Its role as a quorum sensing molecule and as a virulence factor of Candida albicans has been well described. Studies revealed that farnesol affect the growth of a number of bacteria and fungi, pointing ...
Zhou, Bing
Alternaira alternata   , an important pathogen of many plants, produces tenuazonic acid (TeA) with bioactivity to microbes, plants and animals. TeA is one of the main mycotoxin to humans and other organisms. Using Chlamydomonas reinhardtii   , Vicia faba   root tip and three mammalian normal cell lines as ...
Gon?alves Estela Maria - - 2010
Branched-chain amino acids, especially leucine, exert regulatory influences on protein and carbohydrate metabolism, ribosome biogenesis and gene expression. This study investigated the effects of leucine in fibroblastic cells analysing viability, proliferation, morphology, proteolysis enzymes activities and protein turnover. After exposure to culture medium enriched with 25 or 50 microM leucine ...
Trahan, Caitlin Elizabeth
Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM is a probiotic culture widely added to dairy products and dietary supplements. The bacterium has been linked with immune modulation, cold prevention in humans, and relief of gut pain via a morphine like mechanism in animals. Industrially, the target for delivery of viable cells in a 6 ...
Kim Jeong-Dong - - 2009
In this study, we examined the algal-lytic activities and biological control mechanisms of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis AFMB-08041, which was isolated from surface seawater obtained at Masan Bay in Korea. In addition, we assessed whether AFMB-08041 could be used as a biocontrol agent to regulate harmful dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum. From these experiments, ...
Yoeruek Efdal - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the cytotoxic and apoptotic properties of cefuroxime and vancomycin on cultured human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs) to determine their safety for intracameral use. METHODS: Human corneal endothelial cells were harvested from human donor eyes and exposed to various concentrations of cefuroxime and vancomycin (0.15 to ...
Qi F H - - 2008
Cinobufacini, a water-soluble preparation of Chinese medicine, is extracted from the skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor. The present study sought to investigate the effects of Cinobufacini on apoptosis of the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL-7402. Cell viability was measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. Cell morphology was observed by ...
Zhang Yan - - 2008
Our recent report indicated that the crude extract from stem bark of Erythrina variegata L. (Leguminosae) (EV) exerted beneficial effects against osteoporosis induced by estrogen deficiency in vivo. Follow-up phytochemical study has isolated genistein-derivatives mainly in the form of prenylgenistein from this extract, including 6-prenylgenistein, 8-prenylgenistein, and 6, 8-diprenylgenistein. The ...
Reismann Marc - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of CO(2) atmosphere, mimicking conditions of the pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy, on epigenetic conditions of Rassf1A and DCR2 oncogenes in neuroblastoma cells. METHODS: SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were exposed to 100% CO(2) for 4 h. Cells were lysed 4, 8 and ...
Kampara Makeba - - 2009
Quantification of microbial contaminant biodegradation based on stable isotope fractionation analysis (SIFA) relies on known, invariable isotope fractionation factors. The microbially induced isotope fractionation is caused by the preferential cleavage of bonds containing light rather than heavy isotopes. However, a number of non-isotopically sensitive steps preceding the isotopically sensitive bond ...
Kregiel, Dorota; Institute of ...
A spectrophotometric method for determining succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity assay in azide-sensitive yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been developed. The permeabilization of yeast cells by 0.05 % digitonin permitted to study yeast enzymatic activity in situ. The reduction of blue tetrazolium salt (BT) to blue tetrazolium formazan (BTf) was conducted in ...
Sundalius, Naomi Marie
This research investigated the ability of blueberry anthocyanins to inhibit the uptake of N-retinyl-N-retinylidene ethanolamine (A2E) by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells as quantified by pigment epithelial derived factor (PEDF) levels in RPE cells. The A2E was synthesized and identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Freeze dried blueberry ...
Nobre-Júnior Hélio V - - 2009
In the present work, we showed that a chalcone-enriched fraction (CEF) isolated from the stem bark of a Brazilian medicinal plant, Myracrodruon urundeuva, presents neuroprotective actions on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neuronal cell death, in rat mesencephalic cells. In the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium] assay, which is an index of cell viability, CEF ...
Yao Jeffrey - - 2008
PURPOSE: Pluripotential embryonic cells may be seeded onto sutures intended for tendon repair. These cells may be influenced to adhere to suture material using adhesion substrates, and furthermore, these cells may remain in culture attached to those sutures. These cell-impregnated sutures may be useful for promoting healing of tendon repairs. ...
Molinari G - - 2009
The effects of ivermectin (IVM) and its commercial formulation ivomec (IVM 1.0%) were studied on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO(K1)) cells by several genotoxicity [sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE)] and cytotoxicity [cell-cycle progression (CCP), mitotic index (MI), proliferative replication index (PRI), 3(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), and neutral ...
Hoffman Emely A - - 2009
The goal of the present study was to determine whether the release of exosomes containing MYOC from trabecular meshwork (TM) cells is constitutive or regulated. Conditioned media from TM cells were analyzed for MYOC-associated exosomes after treatment with IFN-gamma, porcine aqueous humor, dexamethasone, or a calcium ionophore in cells pretreated ...
Chi Zhanyou - - 2009
The culture protocol of Schizochytrium limacinum SR 21, a known docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) producing marine algae was modified in this study to better fit fermentation parameters, particularly control of dissolved oxygen (DO) to the known reproductive and growth biology of the microorganism. The cultures controlled at 50% DO saturation produced ...
Kruppa Michael - - 2009
Candida albicans is one of the most commonly identified nosocomially acquired pathogens. This organism has a number of virulence traits including production of degrading enzymes, the ability to undergo phenotypic switching, and can rapidly undergo morphogenic switch from a blastospore (yeast) phase to that of a hyphal state. Interest in ...
Okoko, Tebekeme
The effect of Garcinia kola   heckel seed extract on the promonocytic cell line U937 activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated. 200 μl of U937 cells maintained in culture at 5 x 105 cells per ml was delivered into wells of a culture plate according to groups. Cells were pre-treated ...
Miura Daishiro - - 2008
The product of the phosphatidylinositol glycan complementation group A gene (Pig-A) is involved in the synthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors that link various protein markers to the surface of several types of mammalian cells, including hematopoietic cells. Previous observations indicate that Pig-A mutation results in the lack of GPI synthesis ...
Zhang Xue - - 2008
Algal blooms have become a worldwide issue recently, especially those comprised of toxic cyanobacteria. Grazers' predation of bloom-forming algae plays an important role in water clearing. In this study, a species of golden alga (strain ZX1), capable of feeding on the toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa, was isolated and identified as ...
Wang Yun - - 2009
Polygalacturonate lyase (PGL) production by Pichia pastoris GS115 was used as a model to study the mechanism and strategy for enhancing heterologous protein production. It was found that the ratio of methanol to cell concentration had a significant influence on PGL production. In this study, an advanced glycerol exponential feeding ...
Chen Z - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of Hypocrellins B (HB) photodynamic therapy (PDT) on Acanthamoeba trophozoites and cysts, and its cytotoxic potential on the corneal epithelial cells and stromal cells in vitro. METHODS: Acanthamoeba trophozoites and cysts (5 x 10(4)/ml) were incubated with various concentrations of HB, followed by exposure to ...
Krmek Silvana Jukić - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the time and dose dependent effect of halogen light from dental curing unit on the cell viability, colony-forming ability and proliferation of the V79 cell culture. The investigation included the medium mode (M), exponential (E) and standard (S) illumination mode for 20, ...
Fraga M - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of the oligonucleotide/cationic nanoemulsion complexes on Hep G2 cells through MTT assay. Complexes exhibit droplet size, zeta potential and viscosity of approximately 270 nm, +50mV, and 1.0 cP. Different parameters which may have an influence on toxicity results obtained by ...
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