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Results 251 - 300 of 1872
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Wang Zi Teng - - 2009
When the unicellular green soil alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is deprived of nitrogen after entering stationary phase in liquid culture, the cells produce abundant cytoplasmic lipid bodies (LBs), as well as abundant starch, via a pathway that accompanies a regulated autophagy program. After 48 h of N starvation in the presence ...
Henriques A F - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of manuka honey on Staphylococcus aureus in order to identify the intracellular target site. The mode of inhibition of manuka honey against S. aureus NCTC 10017 was investigated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and ...
Tabak Mina - - 2009
Triclosan is a biocide whose wide use has raised a debate about the potential benefits vs. hazards of the incorporation of antimicrobials in consumer products. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether exposure of biofilms of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to triclosan influences the tolerance of the ...
Purup Stig - - 2009
Quantitative major polyacetylenes of carrots (falcarinol and falcarindiol) and American ginseng roots (falcarinol and panaxydol) were isolated and tested in human intestinal epithelial cells of normal (FHs 74 Int.) and cancer (Caco-2) origin. A hormesis effect was seen for all isolated polyacetylenes when added to Caco-2 cells in concentrations ranging ...
Marquis Bryce J - - 2009
A mast cell/fibroblast co-culture system is used as a model to assess the toxicity of Au nanoparticles over the course of 72 hours of exposure. Cellular uptake of nanoparticles was found to increase over the 72 hr exposure period and the nanoparticles localized within granular bodies of the primary culture ...
Soenen Stefaan J H - - 2009
Magnetoliposomes (MLs), built up of ultrasmall iron oxide cores each individually surrounded by a lipid bilayer, have emerged as highly biocompatible nanoparticles and promising tools in many biomedical applications. To improve cell uptake, cationic amphiphiles are inserted into the ML coat, but this often induces cytotoxic effects. In the present ...
Chiang Kun-Chun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laboratory and epidemiological studies have indicated that 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] and dietary omega 3 (omega3)-polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are capable of inhibiting the proliferation of various cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human hepatoblastoma cells (HepG2) were treated with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and fish oil alone and in combination. Cell proliferation was ...
Lu Y - - 2009
In Traditional Chinese Medicine a number of herbs are used to alleviate age-related diseases including memory impairment and dementia, among them stems of Cynomorium songaricum, Cynomoriaceae. In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of different extracts of aerial parts of C. songaricum on amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) and hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase ...
Mesa-Arango Ana Cecilia - - 2009
Two essential oils of Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown (Verbenacea), the carvone and citral chemotypes and 15 of their compounds were evaluated to determine cytotoxicity and antifungal activity. Cytotoxicity assays for both the citral and carvone chemotypes were carried out with tetrazolium-dye, which showed a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect against HeLa ...
Izykowska Ilona - - 2009
Studies performed in vivo and in vitro have shown that exogenous melatonin (Mel) exerts oncostatic effects on melanoma cells. Although the protective effect of Mel on skin and cells exposed mainly to UVB has been documented, effects of Mel have not yet been examined on melanoma cells exposed to UVA. ...
Kim Jie-Ae - - 2009
Isoflurane pretreatment can induce protection against lipopolysaccharide and interferon gamma (IFNgamma)-induced injury and activation of mouse microglial cells. This study's goal was to determine whether delayed isoflurane treatment is protective. Mouse microglial cells were exposed to various concentrations of isoflurane for 1 h immediately after the initiation of lipopolysaccharide (10 ...
Roomi M W - - 2009
Non-Hodgkin lymphomas incidence has increased more than 70% in last 25 years. Aggressiveness, higher relapse rate, and treatment complications pose significant barriers. Decreased food intake and side effects of treatments make cancer patients vulnerable to deficiency of essential nutrients such as vitamin C, lysine, and proline leading to the formation ...
Pachón-Peña Gisela - - 2009
Several studies have been performed reporting antitumoral activity of different mushroom extracts. The current study reports the antiproliferative activity of flavomannin-6,6'-dimethylether obtained from a very common edible mushroom: Tricholoma equestre(L.)P.Kumm, and the characterization of its effects at molecular level. Concentrations causing 50% and 80% growth inhibition on human adenocarcinoma colorectal ...
Godoy-Silva Ruben - - 2009
A majority of the previous investigations on the hydrodynamic sensitivity of mammalian cells have focused on lethal effects as determined by cell death or lysis. In this study, we investigated the effect of hydrodynamic stress on CHO cells in a fed-batch process using a previously reported system which subjects cells ...
Zhang Jing-Jing - - 2009
Gelatin-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs-gelatin) with hydrophilic and biocompatible were prepared with a simple and "green" route by reducing in situ tetrachloroauric acid in gelatin. The nanoparticles showed the excellent colloidal stability. UV-vis spectra, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy revealed the formation of well-dispersed AuNPs with different sizes. ...
Chen Jian-Nan - - 2009
Mushrooms have become popular sources of natural antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidative, and immunomodulatory agents. Golden oyster mushroom, Pleurotus citrinopileatus , is a common mushroom in oriental countries for human consumption. We isolated a functional protein (PCP-3A) from the fresh fruiting body of this mushroom. The isolation procedure included ammonium sulfate ...
Pimprikar P S - - 2009
Cell-associated gold nanoparticles and nanoplates were produced when varying number of Yarrowia lipolytica cells were incubated with different concentrations of chloroauric acid (HAuCl(4)) at pH 4.5. With 10(9)cells ml(-1) and 0.5 or 1.0 mM of the gold salt, the reaction mixtures developed a purple or golden red colour, respectively, and ...
Kaczmarek Radosław - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The control of retinal pigment epithelial cell proliferation is an essential factor in the clinical management of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Factors inhibiting PVR without toxic potential are of special interest in ophthalmology. The aim of the study was to investigate the antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of a preservative-free triamcinolone ...
Patil A Jayaprakash - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the effects of benzo(e)pyrene (B(e)P), a toxic component of cigarette smoke, on retinal neurosensory (R28) cells and human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: R28 cells and HMVEC were treated for 24 hours with 1000, 400, 200, and 100 micro M of B(e)P. Cell viability was ...
de Lima Adriano Fonseca - - 2009
This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of a carbamide peroxide (CP) bleaching gel at different concentrations on odontoblast-like cells. Immortalized cells of the MDPC-23 cell line (30,000 cells/cm(2)) were incubated for 48 h. The bleaching gel was diluted in DMEM culture medium originating extracts with different CP concentrations. The amount ...
Koeneman Brian A - - 2010
The increasing use of nanomaterials in healthcare and industrial products heightens the possibility of their ingestion by humans, other mammals, and fish. While toxicity of many nanomaterials has recently been studied, reports of non-lethal effects of nanomaterials remain ill-defined. This study investigates possible pathways by which nanoparticles, titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), ...
Schmidt A J - - 2010
The oxidative and antioxidative properties of psychostimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine are discussed controversially. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of psychostimulants and atomoxetine in different concentrations between 31.25 and 5000 ng/ml on the survival of human neuronal (neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y) and immune (monocytic U-937) ...
Hafner Anita - - 2009
In this study, the potential of lecithin/chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) as a mucoadhesive colloidal nanosystem for transmucosal delivery of melatonin was investigated. The size, zeta potential and melatonin loading of the lecithin/chitosan NPs were investigated as a function of lecithin type (Lipoid S45, S75 and S100) and chitosan content in the ...
Ho Ketli - - 2009
Vanillin is responsible for the flavor and smell of vanilla, a widely used flavoring agent. Previous studies showed that vanillin could enhance the repair of mutations and thus function as an anti-mutagen. However, its role in cancer, a disease that is closely related to mutation has not yet been fully ...
Altintas Ahmet Ali - - 2009
Previous studies have assessed the effects of changes in microcirculation on wound healing; however, the influence of microcirculation on tissue histomorphology remains widely unknown. Reflectance-mode-confocal microscopy (RMCM) enables in vivo tissue observation on a cellular level. We present RMCM data evaluating the local microcirculation and assess the influence on histomorphology ...
Jiang Gaofeng - - 2009
Hormesis, a biphasic dose-response phenomenon, is characterized by a low-dose stimulation and a high-dose inhibition. However, the mechanisms underlying hormesis induced by environmental agents are not well elucidated. The present study was to investigate the relationship between the hormesis effect of cadmium (Cd) and activation of ERK1/2, JNK and p38 ...
Péres V F - - 2009
We have investigated the chemical composition of Piper gaudichaudianum essential oil, as well as its cytotoxic, mutagenic and genotoxic effects in V79 cells. The chemical analyses showed that the major compounds are (E)-nerolidol (22.4%), alpha-humulene (16.5%), (E)-caryophyllene (8.9%) and bicyclogermacrene (7.4%). Dose-dependent cytotoxic effects were observed in V79 cells treated ...
Sharma Rajesh K - - 2009
The effects of bevacizumab on cell viability and proliferation in a commonly used retinal ganglion cell line, RGC-5, were examined. RGC-5 cells were exposed to 0.1 mg/ml, 1 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml of commercially available bevacizumab in vitro. To examine the specificity of effects, cells were also cultured with increasing ...
Acerbo Alvin S - - 2009
Boron is found in everyday foods and drinking water in trace quantities. Boron exists as boric acid (BA) within plants and animals, where low levels have been linked to cancer incidence. However, this correlation is not well characterized. In this study, we examined the chemical and morphological effects of BA ...
Zhang Wei - - 2009
Soyasaponins are bioactive oleanane triterpenoids found in soy and other legumes. The effect of two methanolic extractions of soy flour, room temperature (RT) and reflux (RE) extractions on composition and bioactive properties in hepatocarcinoma cells (Hep-G2) were investigated. A greater amount of 2,3-dihydro-2,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one (DDMP) conjugated soyasaponins betag was measured in ...
Andreucci M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin has been shown to have a protective effect in certain models of ischaemia-reperfusion, and in some cases the protection has been correlated with activation of signalling pathways known to play a role in cell survival and proliferation. We have studied whether erythropoietin would overcome direct toxic effects of ...
Yanni Susan E SE Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, - - 2009
PGE(2) binds to PGE(2) receptors (EP(1-4)). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the EP(4) receptor in angiogenic cell behaviors of retinal Müller cells and retinal microvascular endothelial cells (RMECs) and to assess the efficacy of an EP(4) antagonist in rat models of oxygen-induced retinopathy ...
Komori Chiyo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a promising methodology for cancer treatment. Methylene blue (MB) is a phenothiazine dye that is widely used in clinical practice and can be administered intravenously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sonodynamic antitumor effect of 1, 10 and 100 microM MB on sarcoma180 (S180) cells was investigated ...
Lin Chiu-Chun - - 2009
Epidemiological studies have shown a strong association between environmental exposure to betel quid (BQ) and oral cancer. Areca nut (AN), an ingredient of BQ, contains genotoxic and mutagenic compounds. In this study, we found that AN extract (ANE) inhibited the growth of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-K1) in a dose- ...
Roomi M W - - 2009
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are known for their aggressive growth and propensity to metastasize. The authors investigated the effect of a novel nutrient mixture (NM) containing ascorbic acid, lysine, proline, and green tea extract on human HNSCC cell line FaDu in vivo and in vitro. Athymic male ...
Kawahara Hidehisa - - 2009
To establish the effects of type I antifreeze protein (AFP) on E. coli cells, we have focused on the survival rate of the E. coli cells using type I AFP at various concentrations under rapid cooling conditions using liquid N2 at atmospheric or low pressure. The survival rate of E. ...
Almazin Salah M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the active substance of three types of local delivery systems, doxycycline hyclate 10% (DOXY), chlorhexidine gluconate, 2.5 mg (CHX), and minocycline hydrochloride, 1 mg (MINO), on osteoblastic cell proliferation and differentiation. There were four groups: control osteoblastic cells (OB) ...
Ito Michiko - - 2009
A polymeric crosslinker was developed to promote the formation of cellular spheroids. Our approach was based on the crosslinking of cell membrane using a polymeric crosslinker that worked via hydrophobic interaction. The crosslinker, a poly(ethylene glycol) derivative with oleyl groups as a hydrophobic group at both ends, was synthesized and ...
Inoue Maiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) and silicone oil (SO) on human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in vitro. METHODS: Human RPE cells (ARPE-19 cells), seeded on microporous inserts, were exposed to PFCL or SO and incubated for 3 or 7 days. ...
Neshati Vajiheh - - 2009
Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide, with the highest incidence in industrialized countries. There are three major histological subtypes of bladder cancer: transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) (> 90%), squamous cell carcinoma (< 10%) and adenocarcinoma (1-2%). The present study was carried out to assess the effects ...
Choo Soo-Jin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to search for inhibitors of melanogenesis from natural resources. METHODS: The inhibitory effect of silymarin on melanogenesis in a spontaneously immortalized mouse melanocyte cell line, Mel-Ab, was studied. KEY FINDINGS: Silymarin significantly prevented melanin production in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value (concentration producing 50% ...
Eibl Kirsten H - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of alkylphosphocholines (APCs) on human lens epithelial cell (LEC) proliferation, attachment, and migration in a well-established in vitro model. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. METHODS: The immortalized human LEC line HLE-B3 was incubated for 24 hours with APC in different concentrations in the ...
Hakki Sema S - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on survival, mineralization, and expression of mineralization-related genes of cementoblasts. Immortalized cementoblasts (OCCM) were maintained with Dulbecco modified Eagle medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. Methyl-thiazol-diphenyl-tetrazolium experiments were performed at 24 and 72 hours to ...
Yoon Joon-Kee - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether theophylline has the potential to increase radioiodide uptake in nonthyroidal cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MCF-7 cells that express endogenous sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) and SNU-C5 cells adenovirally transduced with the human NIS gene (SNU-C5/NIS) were treated with 10(-7)-2x10(-4) mol/L theophylline for 24 hours before incubation with ...
Paschke Daniel - - 2009
Anti-inflammatory effects of elm tree have been shown in several studies. Besides this, protective effects of components of elm bark on damaged tissue have also been described. This study was carried out to investigate the antitumour potential of an ethanolic extract isolated from Ulmus laevis in the hormone-dependent endometrial carcinoma ...
Choi Dubok - - 2009
In this study, the effects of the FK506-mPEG on immune cell activity, skin grafting rejection, and Freund's complete adjuvant arthritis were investigated. The proliferation of T cells was inhibited with increase with the FK506 and FK506-mPEG concentrations. FK506 and FK506-mPEG at concentrations between 0.01 nM and 1000 nM had very ...
Heinrich M C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cytotoxic effects of the iso-osmolar contrast medium iodixanol on renal tubular cell cultures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LLC-PK1 cells were incubated with iodixanol and isotonic NaCl (18.75 - 75 mg I/ml, 1 - 24 hours). Cell death was assessed by the trypan blue exclusion test. To assess ...
Amos Benjamin K - - 2009
The spatial and temporal distributions of multiple reductively dechlorinating bacteria were simultaneously assessed in a one-dimensional sand column containing a tetrachloroethene (PCE) nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) source and associated plume zones. The column was uniformly inoculated with a PCE-to-ethene dechlorinating microbial consortium that contained Dehalococcoides spp., Dehalobacter spp., and Geobacter ...
Ishikawa Fumiaki N - - 2009
In this paper, the use of carbon nanotube biosensors toward alga cell detection was examined. The biosensor devices were fabricated on complete 4 in. wafers by first growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and then depositing metal electrodes using a shadow mask. In addition, we decorated the biosensors with metal-clusters resulted in ...
Kawanishi Masanobu - - 2009
3,6-Dinitrobenzo[e]pyrene (3,6-DNBeP), newly identified in airborne particles and surface soil, is a potent mutagen in Salmonella typhimurium. The present study investigated the genotoxic potency of 3,6-DNBeP in vitro and in vivo using mammalian cell strains (Chinese hamster CHL/IU and human HepG2) and ICR mice, respectively. In the hprt gene mutation ...
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