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Results 201 - 250 of 1877
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Koziel R - - 2010
Ciprofloxacin is widely used in antimicrobial therapy. However it also inhibits mitochondrial topoisomerase II and therefore affects cellular energy metabolism. At a concentration exceeding 80 microg/ml ciprofloxacin induces apoptosis, while at 25 microg/ml it inhibits proliferation of Jurkat cells without any symptoms of cell death. The aim of this study ...
Fang Xianfeng - - 2010
This study investigated the growth-regulating effects of progesterone (Prog) on nPR-negative malignant melanoma cells and the possible mechanisms. A375 and A875 cells were cultured and treated with Prog of different concentrations. For signal transduction pathway studies, the cells were pretreated with Prog receptor antagonist (RU486, 1 x 10(-7) mol/L) or ...
Popovich David G - - 2010
Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) contains a variety of potentially bioactive compounds which includes two classes of saponins known as cucurbitane and oleanane-type triterpenoids. A bitter melon (BM) extract was investigated for the potential to reduce cell viability, reduce lipid accumulation in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells and affect subsequent adiponectin expression. BM ...
Ikari Akira - - 2010
AIMS: Loss of magnesium (Mg(2+)) inhibits cell proliferation and augments nephrotoxicant-induced renal injury, but the role of Mg(2+) has not been clarified in detail. We examined the effect of extracellular Mg(2+) deprivation on a MEK-ERK cascade and cell proliferation using a renal epithelial cell line, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. ...
Lin Yafu - - 2010
Matrix-assisted pulsed-laser evaporation direct-write has emerged as a promising technique for biological construct fabrication. The posttransfer cell viability in matrix-assisted pulsed-laser evaporation direct-write depends on various operating conditions such as the applied laser fluence. To date, the effects of operating conditions such as laser fluence, direct-writing height, and cell density ...
Van-Thuoc Doan - - 2010
A process comprising two-step fed-batch cultivation has been investigated for the production of ectoines using the halophilic bacterium Halomonas boliviensis DSM 15516(T). The first cultivation was performed under optimal conditions for cell growth and resulted in cell mass concentration of about 41 g l(-1) after 24 h of cultivation. During ...
Huang Qingchun - - 2010
The hope is that photoactive compounds acting as potential insecticides will have reduced environmental risk, but that is not necessarily the case. In an attempt to elucidate the risk by which photoactivated alpha-terthienyl (alpha-T) affects human health, the effects of exposure of human 293 cells and insect Tn-5B1-4 cells to ...
Moshkov D A - - 2010
We studied the effects of dopamine added to culture medium on survival of floating or adherent BHK-21 cells differing by organization of actin cytoskeleton. The viability of floating cells more drastically decreased with increasing dopamine concentration and duration of exposure than that of adherent cells. The cells worse adhered to ...
Okunishi Junji - - 2010
The bactericidal effect of HM-242, a novel antimicrobial agent, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated by using Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) values and the time-kill study. Furthermore, we also morphologically investigated its effect against P. aeruginosa by use of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in comparison with ...
Chang Jung Hyun - - 2010
Dietary polyphenols have been widely consumed in food, and their anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities have been recently studied. Although the effects of dietary polyphenols on mucin hypersecretion have been studied to some extent, the effects of mucociliary movement have not been elucidated thus far. Therefore, we investigated whether dietary polyphenols ...
Said Ataa - - 2010
The present study aimed to investigate the chemical composition, and the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Ailanthus excelsa, a plant used in Egyptian traditional medicine. Chromatographic separation of a methanol extract of A. excelsa leaves yielded four flavones, namely apigenin (1), apigenin 7-O-beta-glucoside (2), luteolin (3), and luteolin 7-O-beta-glucoside (4), ...
Dosnon-Olette Rachel - - 2010
Remediation capacities of two freshwater microalgae, Scenedesmus obliquus and Scenedesmus quadricauda, were assessed for the removal of two fungicides (dimethomorph and pyrimethanil) and one herbicide (isoproturon) from their medium. To ensure these studies were performed with healthy algae, pesticide effects where first apprehended on chlorophyll a fluorescence emission and growth ...
Kernt M - - 2011
Endogenous Candida endophthalmitis is sight-threatening, difficult to treat and sometimes leads to loss of the eye. Only a few therapeutic agents are available for its treatment. Caspofungin is the first of a new class of antifungal drugs (echinocandins) with a high activity against Candida species, the most common pathogens found ...
Sabuncu Ahmet C - - 2010
In this study, size distribution, zeta potential, shape, and toxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (mwCNTs), and effect of non-ionic detergent Tween 80 (T80) concentrations (0%, 0.2%, and 1%) on the dispersion quality and cell viability are investigated. Nanotubes are suspended in biological solutions (DMEM, RPMI) with three different concentrations (10, ...
Okello William - - 2010
It is generally agreed that the hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) are the most abundant toxins produced by cyanobacteria in freshwater. In various freshwater lakes in East Africa MC-producing Microcystis has been reported to dominate the phytoplankton, however the regulation of MC production is poorly understood. From May 2007 to April 2008 ...
Einarsdóttir Eydis - - 2010
The lichen compound usnic acid is used for its antimicrobial activities in cosmetic products and is also a component of slimming agents. Its effect against cancer cells was first noted over 30 years ago. In this study possible mechanisms of this effect were investigated using two human cell lines, the ...
Mazzetti Marcelo Paulo Vaccari - - 2010
PURPOSE: To present an experimental model of qualitative and quantitative analysis of mesenchymal stem cells from fat of rabbits obtained by lipectomy. The fat could be a great source for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells and to create conditions for repairing injured tissues by bioengineering. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits (n = ...
Li Xiao-Li XL Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research, and Department of Anesthesia & Critical Care, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the inhibitive effects of Oplopanax horridus extract (OhE) and its fractions (OhF1, OhF2, OhF3, OhF4 and OhF5) on the growth of human colorectal cancer cells and the possible mechanisms involved were investigated. The antiproliferative effects were evaluated by MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) cell proliferation assay. Apoptotic effects ...
Alavidjeh Mohammad Shafiee - - 2010
The use of dendrimers as nano-sized excipients/vectors in biological and pharmaceutical systems is dependent on the investigation of their toxicological profiles in biological media. In this study, a series of mechanistic in vitro structure-associated cell toxicity evaluations was performed on the two generations of an anionic linear-globular dendrimer G1 and ...
Silva T C R - - 2010
The leukaemia cell line HL60 is widely used in studies of the cell cycle, apoptosis and adhesion mechanisms in cancer cells. One marked characteristic of HL60 cells is the c-MYC proto-oncogene amplification, resulting in the formation of homogeneously staining regions (HSRs) at 8p24. We conducted a fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Chang Wen-Tsan - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The use of chemotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combined use of epirubicin and progesterone has a synergistic effect on cell proliferation and apoptosis in HepG2 cells. METHODOLOGY: Different concentrations of epirubicin (0.1 microg/ml, 0.25 microg/ml and 0.5microg/ml) ...
Miki Kenji - - 2010
We examined the effects of transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGFbeta(1)) on cellular functions in human lung cancer cell line A549. Treatment of A549 cells with 1 ng/ml TGFbeta(1) for more than 3 days altered their morphology from an epithelial cobblestone-like appearance to a fibroblast-like one, reduced the expression of E-cadherin ...
Zhang Shulin - - 2010
The effects of 40 Chinese herbs on Microcystis aeruginosa growth were monitored spectrophotometrically. Golden thread (Coptis chinensis) exhibited the best inhibitory effects. Cell density of M. aeruginosa decreased with the increasing concentrations of golden thread and the prolongation of exposure time. Decreases in protein content, carbohydrate content, and chlorophyll a ...
Yen Ching-Yu - - 2010
The crude extract of the fruit bearing plant, Physalis peruviana (golden berry), demonstrated anti-hepatoma and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the cellular mechanism involved in this process is still unknown. Herein, we isolated the main pure compound, 4beta-Hydroxywithanolide (4betaHWE) derived from golden berries, and investigated its antiproliferative effect on a human lung ...
Borza Antonela D - - 2010
To improve survival during exposure to adverse conditions, probiotic Bifidobacterium adolescentis 15703T cells were encapsulated in novel mono-core and multi-core phase-separated gelatine-maltodextrin (GMD) microspheres where the gelatine (G) phase was cross-linked with genipin (GP). Microscopy showed that encapsulated cells were exclusively associated with maltodextrin (MD) core(s). Small (average diameter 37 ...
Su Miaoxian - - 2010
Volatile oils from Centipeda minima extracted by steam distillation (SD) and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) were investigated for their antiproliferative effects on the human nasopharyngeal cancer CNE cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay results showed that CNE cells were more susceptible to the SFE oil than to the SD oil. ...
Langenhan Tobias - - 2010
Understanding the mechanisms that coordinate the polarity of cells and tissues during embryogenesis and morphogenesis is a fundamental problem in developmental biology. We have recently demonstrated that the putative neurotoxin receptor lat-1 defines a mechanism required for the alignment of cell division planes in the early embryo of the nematode ...
Friboulet Luc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that the toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is an interesting target for anti-cancer therapy. Unfortunately, most laboratory investigations about the impact of TLR3 stimulation on human malignant cells have been performed with very high concentrations--5 to 100 microg/ml--of the prototype TLR3 ligand, poly(I:C). In a previous ...
Morita Tomotake - - 2010
Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs), the extracellular glycolipids produced from feedstock by yeasts belonging to the genus Pseudozyma, are the most promising biosurfactants known due to its versatile interfacial and biochemical actions. In order to broaden the application in cosmetics, the cell activating property of MELs was investigated using cultured fibroblast and ...
Madhusoodhanan Rakhesh - - 2010
Black raspberry extracts (RSE) have been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth and stimulate apoptosis. Also, studies have demonstrated that RSE inhibits transcriptional regulators including NFkappa B. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of RSE in inhibiting radiation (IR) induced NFkappa B mediated radioprotection in breast adenocarcinoma cells. MCF-7 cells were ...
Aşkin Celik Tülay - - 2010
I. viscosa has been used for years in folk medicine for its anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiseptic, and paper antiphlogistic activities. In this study, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of I. viscosa leaf extracts on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa have been examined. Onion bulbs were exposed to 2.5 mg/ml, 5 ...
Chew Michelle M S - - 2010
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a type of neoplasm that is highly prevalent in East Asia and Africa with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), genetic, and dietary factors implicated as possible aetiologic factors. Previous studies suggested the association of certain cytokines with the invasion and metastatic properties of NPC. The present study examined ...
Afkhami Fatemeh - - 2010
To investigate the antiangiogenic potential of encapsulated VEGF₁₆₅b producing HEK293 cells, Human Embryonic Kidney 293 (HEK293) cells were stably transfected to produce VEGF₁₆₅b. Then they were encapsulated in alginate-polylysine-alginate (APA) microcapsules. VEGF₁₆₅b productivity and viability of encapsulated cells were analyzed and compared with the non-encapsulated cells. Results showed that encapsulated ...
Mahavorasirikul Wiratchanee - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma is a serious public health in Thailand with increasing incidence and mortality rates. The present study aimed to investigate cytotoxic activities of crude ethanol extracts of a total of 28 plants and 5 recipes used in Thai folklore medicine against human cholangiocarcinoma (CL-6), human laryngeal (Hep-2), and human hepatocarcinoma ...
Cooper Trevor G - - 2010
The aim of this study was to increase the precision of assessment of the number of round cells observed in the peroxidase test for detection of seminal leukocytes (granulocytes). The dilution of semen was reduced and the volume of suspension examined was increased for semen samples containing between 0.6 and ...
Lee Sung Gu - - 2010
Type I collagen is the major structural protein in dermis and its presence is used to monitor skin cell proliferation and aging. Recently, novel usimine compounds have been found in the Antarctic lichen Ramalina terebrata. In the present study, usimine-C induced cell proliferation of human dermal fibroblast, CCD-986SK, up to ...
Lou Jianlin - - 2010
In the present study, the cyto-genotoxic effects of 12 CSCs prepared from a diverse set of cigarettes on human B lymphoblastoid cells were compared using five in vitro assays. The cells were exposed to CSCs at doses of 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, and 12.5 x 10(-3)cigarette/ml for 24h in neutral ...
Taniguchi Masayuki - - 2010
The bacteriocins produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis C101910 (C101910) and NBRC 12007 (NBRC 12007) were used to prevent the growth of sake spoiling hiochi bacteria (Lactobacillus hilgardii, Lactobacillus fructivorans, and Lactobacillus paracasei) in namazake, which is raw (unpasteurized) sake. The bacteriocin concentrations required for decreasing the viable cell concentrations ...
Barcelos Gustavo Rafael Mazzaron - - 2009
Annatto (AN), a natural food colorant rich in carotenoids, has been reported as being an effective antioxidant, but little is known about its potential chemopreventive properties. In this study, we evaluated the ability of AN to protect human hepatoma cells (HepG2) from micronucleus (MN) induction against three different mutagens: benzo(a)pyrene ...
Osada T - - 2010
Novel technologies to redirect T-cell killing against cancer cells are emerging. We hypothesised that metastatic human colorectal cancer (CRC) previously treated with conventional chemotherapy would be sensitive to T-cell killing mediated by carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)/CD3-bispecific T-cell-engaging BiTE antibody (MEDI-565). We analysed proliferation and lysis of CEA-positive (CEA+) CRC specimens that ...
Boniolo Fabr?zio Siqueira - - 2009
In this study, the effect of glycine betaine as osmoprotectant compound for Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus PAL5 was evaluated by kinetic growth parameters. Batch fermentation assays were performed employing media supplemented with different sodium chloride concentrations to simulate saline stress conditions. Salt concentrations of 50-300 mM led to decreased cell concentrations, while ...
Galoian Karina - - 2009
Proline rich polypeptide (PRP-1) produced by neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus is one of the fragments of neurophysin-vasopressin-associated glycoprotein. The primary structure of the neuropeptide PRP-1 isolated from neurosecretory granules of bovine neurohypophysis. We investigated PRP-1 action on chondrosarcoma, the second most common malignancy in bone, which primarily affects the ...
Gheorghiu C - - 2009
This study assessed the histological changes in the epidermis of guppies Poecilia reticulata induced by waterborne zinc (Zn). Laboratory-reared P. reticulata fry were maintained individually in separate vessels containing artificial water (8 microg l(-1) Zn) to which 0, 15, 30, 60 or 120 microg l(-1) Zn was added. Their epidermal ...
Popolo Ada - - 2009
Brown Cuban propolis (BCP) is the major type of propolis in Cuba; its chemical composition is exclusive and the principal component is nemorosone. In this study we investigated the antiproliferative activity of the ethanol extract of BCP on human breast cancer cell lines. The MTT assay showed a significant antiproliferative ...
Ma Li-Na - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that emulsification of silicone oil might stimulate preretinal membrane formation and proliferative vitreoretinopathy. This study aimed to test the effects of vesicles of silicone oil (VSO), which were prepared by a novel membrane emulsification technique, on the migration and proliferation of human retinal pigment epithelial ...
Matthes E - - 2010
Beta-l-2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy-N(4)-hydroxycytidine (l-Hyd4C) was demonstrated to be an effective and highly selective inhibitor of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication in HepG2.2.15 cells (50% effective dose [ED(50)] = 0.03 microM; 50% cytotoxic dose [CD(50)] = 2,500 microM). In the present study, we investigated the intracellular pharmacology of tritiated l-Hyd4C in HepG2 cells. ...
Zbasnik Richard - - 2009
Antiproliferative properties of lipids extracted from grain sorghum (GS) dry distiller's grain (DDG) were analyzed to determine the feasibility of developing GS coproducts as a source for human health dietary ingredients. The lipid extract of GS-DDG was delivered to human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cells by solubilizing 0-1000 microg/mL of GS-DDG ...
Tsukue Naomi - - 2010
To evaluate the health effects of diesel emissions (DE) using an in vitro experiment, A549 cells were exposed to emission from a diesel engine on an engine dynamo, using a culture-cell-exposure device. Three groups were set according to cell exposure to high concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and/or nitrogen dioxide ...
O'Bryan Corliss A - - 2009
This study determined the effectiveness of nisin and diacetyl to inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) under normal cell cultivation and starvation conditions in sodium phosphate buffered saline (SPBS). Inhibitory effects of nisin at 320 or 1000 AU/mL or diacetyl at 0.25%, 0.50%, or 1.0% and combinations on Lm ...
Stiegler P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have been carried out investigating different preservation methods and preservation solutions for the pancreata of various species. Attention has to be drawn to the extreme vulnerability of porcine pancreata (PP) to oxidative stress due to the lack of endogenous antioxidants. This study sought to evaluate the influence ...
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