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Kocbek Petra - - 2010
Sunscreens containing ZnO and TiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) are increasingly applied to skin over long time periods to reduce the risk of skin cancer. However, long-term toxicological studies of NPs are very sparse. The in vitro toxicity of ZnO and TiO(2) NPs on keratinocytes over short- and long-term applications is reported. ...
Hamshou Mohamad - - 2010
This project studied in detail the insecticidal activity of a fungal lectin from the sclerotes of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, referred to as S. sclerotiorum agglutinin or SSA. Feeding assays with the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) on an artificial diet containing different concentrations of SSA demonstrated a high mortality caused by this ...
Deng Yan-Hong - - 2010
CD133-positive colon cancer stem like cells (CSLCs) are resistant to the conventional cytotoxic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Wnt signaling pathway plays important roles in colon cancer carcinogenesis and metastasis, and regulates the self-renewal capacity of CSLCs. In the present study, we explored the impact of 5-FU on Wnt signaling pathway of ...
Mohamed S M - - 2010
Bioassay guided fractionation of the methanol extract of Magnolia grandiflora L. (Magnoliaceae) leaves led to the isolation and characterisation of four aporphine alkaloids, magnoflorine, lanuginosine, liriodenine and anonaine. The cytotoxicities of the pure compounds magnoflorine and lanuginosine were determined in a cell viability assay with the tumour cell lines Hela ...
Freudlsperger Christian - - 2010
As malignant melanoma cells are highly resistant to conventional chemotherapy, survival rates after tumor spread remain poor and hence there is an urgent need for new therapeutic options. For both mistletoe lectin-I (ML-I) and the thiazolidinediones as synthetic ligands of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) an antiproliferative effect on ...
Chen Weikai - - 2010
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is the second most common skin cancer with a substantial risk of metastasis which causes clinical treatment failure. This study investigated the anti-CSCC effects of a triterpenoid compound, Cucurbitacin B (CuB). Dose-response studies showed that CuB inhibited 50% growth (ED50) of the CSCC cell lines ...
Raj J - - 2010
The nitrile hydratase (NHase) of Rhodococcus rhodochrous PA-34 catalyzed the conversion of acrylonitrile to acrylamide. The resting cells (having NHase activity) (8 %; 1 mL corresponds to 22 mg dry cell mass, DCM) were immobilized in polyacrylamide gel containing 12.5 % acrylamide, 0.6 % bisacrylamide, 0.2 % diammonium persulfate and ...
Fedder C - - 2010
Lidocaine, bupivacaine or ropivacaine are used routinely to manage perioperative pain. Sparse data exist evaluating the effects of local anaesthetics (LA) on fibroblasts, which are involved actively in wound healing. Therefore, we investigated the effects of the three LA to assess the survival, viability and proliferation rate of fibroblasts. Human ...
Yu Ming-Xi - - 2010
The aim of this preliminary study is to explore the feasibility of incorporating superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) with poly-L-lysine (PLL) for labeling and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Endorem (5-200 microg/mL) was incubated with ASTC-a-1 cells in the presence of PLL (1.5 microg/mL) for 0.5-24 h. ...
Cao Liang-Qi - - 2010
Rosiglitazone is a peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligand, which inhibits tumor growth by activating PPARgamma signaling pathways. Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs. However, patients develop drug resistance of 5-FU over time. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rosiglitazone can enhance 5-FU-induced ...
Voisard Rainer - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The branched-chain fatty acid, valproic acid (VPA), is the most commonly used anti-epileptic drug for treating generalized epilepsy. Recently antiproliferative effects of VPA have been described in human cancer cells, and phase I trials for the treatment of solid tumors have been initiated. In cardiologic patients, increased cell proliferation ...
Zhong Shaoping - - 2010
The underlying effect of different concentrations of neogenin on proliferation, apoptosis and the related proliferative factors in human trophoblasts was explored in order to understand the function of neogenin during placentation. TEV-1 cell line was cultured and the expression of netrin-1 was detected by using indirect cellular immunofluorescence. Exponentially growing ...
Sun Shi - - 2010
O. horridus is used as a folk medicine by natives in the Northern Pacific coast of North America. This experiment studied the antiproliferative effects of the extract of O. horridus root bark and its fractions chromatographed from Dianion HP20 resin column with water, 30, 50, 70 and 100% ethanol on ...
Garren Melissa - - 2010
The ability to count bacteria associated with reef-building corals in a rapid, reliable, and cost-effective manner has been hindered by the viscous and highly autofluorescent nature of the coral mucus layer (CML) in which they live. We present a new method that disperses bacterial cells by trypsinization prior to 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole ...
Tsuchikane Yuki - - 2010
Conjugation-regulating pheromones were analyzed in homothallic Closterium for the first time. Members of the Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale complex are unicellular charophycean algae in which there are two modes of zygospore formation: heterothallism and homothallism. A homothallic strain of Closterium (designation, kodama20) forms selfing zygospores via the conjugation of two sister gametangial ...
Lohr V - - 2010
An adherently growing MDCK cell line was adapted in a two-step process in a fully defined medium and in suspension. The resulting MDCK.SUS2 cells were subsequently evaluated for their potential as host cells for influenza vaccine production in two lab-scale bioreactors (wave and stirred-tank). Cell concentrations up to 2.3 x ...
Maruyama Takuo - - 2011
This study was designed to determine the ideal manner (schedule and duration) of intravesical chemotherapy using pirarubicin (THP). At first, T-24 cancer cells were treated with 50, 100, 150, and 200 μg/ml THP for 10, 30 and 60 min. Following the first exposure, at various intervals (3, 6, 12, and 24 h), a ...
Asif Siddiqui Farhan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to probe the apoptotic effect of green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on cervical carcinoma cells. This study was conducted in Departments of Pathology and Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India over a span of one and half years from January ...
Zhang D F - - 2010
In some cancer cell lines, the gene encoding activin A (inhibin βA [INHBA]) is over-expressed and enhances cancer proliferation. Protein levels of activin A and follistatin were assessed in glioblastoma and normal brain tissues in this study, and the effect of activin A and follistatin treatment on the proliferation of ...
Kloskowski Tomasz - - 2010
Abstract: Ciprofloxacin is a chinolone antibiotic, which is used mainly in the treatment of urinary tract infections but also in pulmonary tract, prostate gland, bone and bone marrow infection. Ciprofloxacin is also known for its anticancer in vitro properties. In this study hamster ovarian cancer line CHO AA8 was used ...
Niu Guoqin - - 2010
Cationic paclitaxel nanoparticles were developed and the possible delivery mechanism was explored by cellular uptake studies. In vitro cytotoxicity of paclitaxel-loaded nanoparticles was evaluated with NIH-3T3 cells and multidrug resistant MDR-3T3 cells (with active P-glycoprotein). The IC(50)s of paclitaxel nanoparticles, liposomal paclitaxel, and Taxol((R)) on NIH-3T3 cells were 0.7 microg/mL, ...
Marques Marco P C - - 2010
The use of whole cells is becoming a more common approach in pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries in order to obtain pure compounds with fewer production steps, higher yields, and cleaner processes, as compared to those achieved with traditional strategies. Whole cells are often used as enzymes pools, in particular when ...
Chang Chi-Chen - - 2011
Endometrial proliferation or regeneration during menstrual cycle is regulated by sexual hormones. However, the effect of gonadotrophins on the endometrial cell growth remains obscure. Herein, we aimed to investigate the effects of r-FSH (Gonal-F, Puregon) and progesterone on the proliferation of human endometrial cells in-vitro. According as gonadotrophin concentrations, the ...
Mochizuki Mariko - - 2011
A high concentration of vanadium (V) has toxic effects on human and animals and is one of environmental pollutants. In the present study, we have conducted a fundamental study using cultured Vero cells from monkey kidney for the future environmental monitoring. Orthovanadate (VAN), one of V compounds, of 10(-10) and ...
Mehta Sanjay R - - 2010
High-throughput drug screening methods against the intracellular stage of Leishmania have been facilitated by the development of in vitro models of infection. The use of cell lines rather than primary cells facilitates these methods. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) derived macrophages and THP-1 cells were infected with stationary phase egfp ...
Wisessombat Sueptrakool - - 2010
The effects of chemotactic stimuli on motility ability of viable Campylobacter to pass through a 0.45 microm pore size filter in viscous condition were investigated. Reference strains including C. jejuni ATCC 33291, C. coli MUMT 18407, C. lari ATCC 43675, and C. upsaliensis DMST 19055 were used. The initial numbers ...
Tsuji Masayoshi - - 2010
Neurotoxicities of dibutyltin (DBT), tin(II) octylate (OT), poly-L-lactides (PLLA, molecular weight [MW]=5000, PLLA 5000), PLLA without tin (MW=3000, PLLA 3000), PLLA with a large amount (590 ppm) of tin (S3), poly(glycolic acid-co-epsilon-caprolactone) oligomer (MW=6200, PGC oligomer), and poly(L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid-co-epsilon-caprolactone) oligomer (MW=6400, PLGC oligomer) related to artificial dura mater were ...
Qu Zhe - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Although Emdogain is widely used as a gel in periodontal therapy, the exact mechanisms underlying its regenerative ability still need to be further investigated. Therefore, we tested in vitro the effect of the product Emdogain on proliferation, viability, and migration of various human cell types of periodontium. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Robb Tiffany M - - 2010
This study was designed to characterize and compare the effects of jet propellant-8 (JP-8) fuel and synthetic-8 (S-8) on cell viability and nitric oxide synthesis in cultured alveolar type II epithelial cells of rats. Exposure times varied from 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 6 hours at the following concentrations of jet ...
Rao Dhana - - 2010
We investigated the effectiveness of surface colonization by the epiphytic marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas tunicata firstly on a complex biofilm community on glass slides, and secondly, on the epiphytic community of Ulva australis. The effectiveness of P. tunicata was compared with the performance of Phaeobacter sp. 2.10, also a marine epiphytic ...
Lee Seung Yong - - 2010
Nylon 6 fibers are used, for the first time, in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The overall energy conversion efficiency obtained with 0.18 M nylon 6 reaches 6.2%, which is comparable to that (6.7%) obtained without adding nylon 6 on the day of cell fabrication. However, it is found that the ...
Yoon Ji-Hye - - 2010
BACKGROUND: 5'-Nitro-indirubinoxime (5'-NIO) is a derivative of the bis-indole indirubin that exhibits anticancer activities. The present study investigated the anti-invasive action of 5'-NIO in salivary gland ductal adenocarcinoma, SGT cells. METHODS: The wound-scratch, migration, and invasion assays were applied to determine the effect of 5'-NIO on the migration capacity and ...
Izutani N - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the antibacterial effects of 12-methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinium bromide (MDPB), an antibacterial monomer synthesized by combining quaternary ammonium with a methacryloyl group, against three anaerobes associated with endodontic infections using planktonic and biofilm cells. METHODOLOGY: The antibacterial activity of unpolymerized MDPB against Enterococcus faecalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella nigrescens was ...
Heng Boon Chin - - 2010
Although several studies reported that cytotoxic effects of various nanoparticles are partially due to induction of oxidative stress, it is unclear how oxidative state of the cell per se could influence its sensitivity to cytotoxic nanoparticles. This is of clinical significance because certain pathological conditions such as inflammation is associated ...
El Khoury R - - 2010
Several studies suggest that various types of cellular therapies enhance recovery after stroke in animal models. IA-based delivery of cells to the brain is under investigation for stroke, but it is unknown whether cells are injured as a result of being injected through a catheter or exposed to iodinated contrast ...
Gorshkov Vladimir - - 2010
Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica SCRI1043 is a plant pathogenic bacterium. Many species of enterobacteria including Erwinia sp. can induce the onset or the progression of opportunistic or persistent infections in humans. The existence of these bacteria within different ecological niches is related to their significant adaptive potential. The triggering of ...
Liu X - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate antifungal effects of two antagonistic yeasts on postharvest sour rot caused by Geotrichum citri-aurantii in citrus and evaluate possible mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cell suspension of Cryptococcus laurentii at 10(8) to 10(9) cells per ml effectively reduced sour rot incidence from 55.6% among untreated control fruit to ...
Moon Sung-Woo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertonic saline (HS) restores prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-induced T-cell suppression in the presence of 1100 microM arginine. However, under arginine-free culture conditions, HS dose not restore T-cell proliferation. Therefore, we wanted to determine if HS can restore PGE(2)-induced T-cell suppression in the presence of 80 microM of arginine, the physiologically ...
Quintero MariaRosa - - 2010
NMR-visible mobile lipid (ML) signals have been detected in (1)H-NMR spectra of tissues in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro, and have been shown to change in apparent intensity in association with pathology (necrosis in brain tumours) and normal processes (cell differentiation, cell growth arrest and apoptosis). Although it is ...
Zha Lin - - 2010
CpG-oligodeoxyribonucleotides (CpG-ODNs), which induce signaling through the toll-like receptor 9, are currently under investigation as immunity stimulators against cancer. It has recently been suggested that CpG-ODNs may also enhance sensitivity to traditional therapies including chemotherapy in certain cancer-cell lines. The purpose of this study was to define the activity of ...
Domingo Pere - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The link between human immunodeficiency virus/highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) and the use of thymidine analogues has been well established. However, to our knowledge, no relationship has been proven between intracellular levels of stavudine (d4T) and HALS. METHODS: We measured peripheral blood mononuclear cell intracellular levels ...
Kaszuba-Zwoinska J - - 2010
Aim of study was to verify whether pulsating electromagnetic field (PEMF) can affect cancer cells proliferation and death. U937 human lymphoid cell line at densities starting from 1 x 10(6) cells/ml to 0.0625 x 10(6) cells/ml, were exposed to a pulsating magnetic field 50 Hz, 45+/-5 mT three times for ...
Liu Jia - - 2010
Bog bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum L.) is a blue-pigmented edible berry related to bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and the common blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a bog bilberry anthocyanin extract (BBAE) on cell growth, membrane permeability, and cell cycle of 2 malignant ...
Panchalingam Krishna M - - 2010
Solid cancer tumors are thought to arise from aberrant stem cell populations, called cancer stem cells (CSCs). Hence, the development of effective cancer therapies may rely on developing methods that specifically target these cells. However, the scarcity of CSCs in vivo represents a major impediment to such research, as there ...
Koziel R - - 2010
Ciprofloxacin is widely used in antimicrobial therapy. However it also inhibits mitochondrial topoisomerase II and therefore affects cellular energy metabolism. At a concentration exceeding 80 microg/ml ciprofloxacin induces apoptosis, while at 25 microg/ml it inhibits proliferation of Jurkat cells without any symptoms of cell death. The aim of this study ...
Fang Xianfeng - - 2010
This study investigated the growth-regulating effects of progesterone (Prog) on nPR-negative malignant melanoma cells and the possible mechanisms. A375 and A875 cells were cultured and treated with Prog of different concentrations. For signal transduction pathway studies, the cells were pretreated with Prog receptor antagonist (RU486, 1 x 10(-7) mol/L) or ...
Popovich David G - - 2010
Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) contains a variety of potentially bioactive compounds which includes two classes of saponins known as cucurbitane and oleanane-type triterpenoids. A bitter melon (BM) extract was investigated for the potential to reduce cell viability, reduce lipid accumulation in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells and affect subsequent adiponectin expression. BM ...
Ikari Akira - - 2010
AIMS: Loss of magnesium (Mg(2+)) inhibits cell proliferation and augments nephrotoxicant-induced renal injury, but the role of Mg(2+) has not been clarified in detail. We examined the effect of extracellular Mg(2+) deprivation on a MEK-ERK cascade and cell proliferation using a renal epithelial cell line, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. ...
Lin Yafu - - 2010
Matrix-assisted pulsed-laser evaporation direct-write has emerged as a promising technique for biological construct fabrication. The posttransfer cell viability in matrix-assisted pulsed-laser evaporation direct-write depends on various operating conditions such as the applied laser fluence. To date, the effects of operating conditions such as laser fluence, direct-writing height, and cell density ...
Van-Thuoc Doan - - 2010
A process comprising two-step fed-batch cultivation has been investigated for the production of ectoines using the halophilic bacterium Halomonas boliviensis DSM 15516(T). The first cultivation was performed under optimal conditions for cell growth and resulted in cell mass concentration of about 41 g l(-1) after 24 h of cultivation. During ...
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