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Meisgen Florian - - 2012
MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Previously, in a genome-wide screen, we found deregulation of microRNA expression in psoriasis skin. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is one of the microRNAs significantly up-regulated in psoriasis skin lesions. To identify the cell type responsible for the increased miR-21 level, we compared expression ...
Tandon Padam Narayan - - 2012
Peripheral giant cell granuloma or the so-called "giant cell epulis" is the most common oral giant cell lesion. It normally presents as a soft tissue purplish-red nodule consisting of multinucleated giant cells in a background of mononuclear stromal cells and extravasated red blood cells. This lesion probably does not represent ...
Jang Tae Jung - - 2012
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an intricate process by which epithelial cells loose epithelial characteristics and acquire a mesenchymal-like phenotype. EMT and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression are related to tumor invasion and metastasis. The tumor microenvironment plays a major role in tumor progression and the induction of EMT. Here, ...
Amalaseelan Julan V - - 2012
We report a rare case of simultaneous multiple basal cell carcinomata occurring on the back of a patient who had received dry ice treatment to this area almost 6 decades previously. This is also one of the longest recorded disease-free intervals between skin trauma and basal cell carcinoma development. We ...
Tondeleir Davina - - 2012
Vertebrate nonmuscle cells express two actin isoforms: cytoplasmic β- and γ-actin. Because of the presence and localized translation of β-actin at the leading edge, this isoform is generally accepted to specifically generate protrusive forces for cell migration. Recent evidence also implicates β-actin in gene regulation. Cell migration without β-actin has ...
Prigkos Andreas-Christoforos - - 2012
A case of an epulis in an 8-month-old boy is reported. The tumor was localized on the mandibular alveolar ridge and, according to the parents, was a recurrence of a congenital tumor excised when the boy was 2 months old. Microscopically, it was composed of many spindled or ovoid cells with ...
Falconieri Giovanni - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Clear cell sarcoma is a unique soft tissue tumor with distinct microscopic features that include a nested or fascicular pattern of spindle cells accompanied by larger wreath-like giant cells scattered throughout. It harbors a unique EWSR1-ATF1 gene fusion secondary to a t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocation. Recently, it was reported that clear ...
Goldstein Jill - - 2012
The epidermis and its appendages, such as the hair follicle (HF), continually regenerate throughout postnatal mammalian life due to the activity of resident epithelial stem cells (SCs). The follicular SC niche, or the bulge, is composed of a heterogeneous population of self-renewing multipotent cells. Multiple intrinsic molecular mechanisms promote the ...
Hayashi Mariko - - 2012
The aims of the study were to characterize a nano-structured photoactive titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) coating, and to compare the cellular response of human osteoblasts before and after ultra-violet (UV) irradiation of the coating.A specific nano-structured TiO(2) powder (Degussa P-25), which consists of approximately 80% anatase and 20% rutile, was spin-coated ...
Umahara Takahiko - - 2012
14-3-3 proteins are now recognized to have a wide range of potential functions and pathological relevance, such as regulating the intercellular signal processes of differentiation, the development and growth of cells, or preventing or mediating cell apoptosis and survival by controlling the localization of potential signaling molecules. We investigated the ...
Choi Young Joo - - 2012
Quantum dots (QDs) are luminescent nanoparticles (NPs) with promising potential in numerous medical applications, but there remain persistent human health and safety concerns. Although the cytotoxic effects of QDs have been extensively investigated, their genotoxic effects remain under-explored. This study scrutinized the cyto- and genotoxic effects of QDs with a ...
Xia Lingling - - 2012
Introduction: Human hair follicle outer root sheath (hORS) cells are known to contain hair follicle stem cells and play an important role in healing large size wounds, and thus can serve as the cell source for skin engineering. This study investigated the effect of low oxygen tension culture on hORS ...
Castilla Carmen - - 2012
The degree of cell proliferation in a tumor is often associated with metastatic risk and mortality. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 are proliferation markers that can be used to assess malignant potential in cutaneous lesions and pathological cell proliferation in psoriasis. These markers are elevated during periods of ...
Peixoto Raniel Fernandes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the number of FoxP3(+) cells between periapical granulomas (PGs) and radicular cysts (RCs), and to correlate this number with the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate in these lesions and with epithelial thickness of RCs. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty PGs and 30 RCs were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis using ...
D'Agostino Eleanor Margaret - - 2012
The luminal surface of the gastrointestinal tract is covered by a mucus gel layer that acts to protect gut epithelial cells from the harsh luminal environment. In this study we investigated the use of two human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines, HT29-MTX-E12 and HT29, as a model to mimic gut epithelium ...
Deghoyan Anush - - 2012
Non thermal (NT) effect of direct radiation 4 Hz-modulated 90-160 GHz of Millimeter Waves (MMW) and preliminary MMW-treated physiological solution (PS) influence were studied on snail isolated neuron, rat's brain tissue hydration and skin penetration. It was shown that the 4 Hz-modulated low intensity 90-160 GHz MMW direct radiation and MMW-treated PS leads to ...
Menichini Giulio - - 2012
Melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers are among the most prevalent cancers in the human population. In the present work latex of Ficus carica cultivar Dottato from Italy collected from fruits and leaves was examined to assess its free radical-scavenging activity with 1,1-diphenyl-2 picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and its phototoxicity on A375 human ...
Gregorio Gian Luca De - - 2012
Four different species of ionically conductive polymers were synthesized and successfully implemented to formulate novel quasi-solid electrolytes for dye solar cells. A power conversion efficiency superior to 85% of the correspondent liquid electrolyte as well as an excellent cell's stability was demonstrated after 500 days of storage.
Inaba Masafumi - - 2012
Although recent experimental studies have suggested that the interactions among the pigment cells play a key role in the skin pattern formation, details of the mechanism remain largely unknown. By using an in vitro cell culture system, we have detected interactions between the two pigment cell types, melanophores and xanthophores, ...
Grogan Shawn P - - 2012
Manipulation of cell patterns in three dimensions in a manner that mimics natural tissue organization and function is critical for cell biological studies and likely essential for successfully regenerating tissues--especially cells with high physiological demands, such as those of the heart, liver, lungs, and articular cartilage.(1, 2) In the present ...
Kovacs Daniela - - 2012
Interest in colorless intermediates of melanocyte metabolism has traditionally been related to their role as melanin precursors, though several lines of evidence scattered in the literature suggested that these compounds may exert an antioxidant and protective function per se unrelated to pigment synthesis. Herein, we disclose the remarkable protective and ...
Kanai Yasumasa - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease mediated by Th17 and/or Th1 cells. Tim-3 is a cell surface molecule preferentially expressed on Th17 and Th1 cells. The interaction of Tim-3 with Tim-3 ligand inhibits cytokine production. To assess whether T cells in psoriasis have functional abnormalities, expression of cell surface Tim-3 ...
Park Hyun Chul - - 2012
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous malignancy of the elderly and immunocompromised patients. It is occasionally found coexisting with other diseases, such as squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, miscellaneous adnexal tumors, and rarely Bowen disease. A 75-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of ...
Misago Noriyuki - - 2012
There have been only a few reported comparative immunohistochemical studies of normal hair follicles and tricholemmomas. Clear cell squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), which are derived from Bowen's disease, histopathologically mimic or are difficult to distinguish from tricholemmal carcinoma. The purpose of and methods used in the present study are as ...
Schmidt Sebastian - - 2012
Five acylphloroglucinols substituted with monoterpenoids (empetrifelixin A-D and empetrikajaforin), three known monocyclic acylphloroglucinols and one monocyclic acylphloroglucinol were isolated from a petrol ether extract of Hypericum empetrifolium after fractionation by flash chromatography on silica gel, RP-18 and subsequent purification by preparative HPLC (RP-18). Their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D ...
van Vlimmeren Marijke A A - - 2012
In tissue engineered heart valves, cell-mediated stress development during culture results in leaflet retraction at time of implantation. This tissue retraction is partly active due to traction forces exerted by the cells and partly passive due to release of residual stress in the extracellular matrix and the cells. Within this ...
- - 2012
In mice, Langerhans cells may absorb a toxic chemical and metabolize it into a substance even more toxic to surrounding cells.
Zou Bin - - 2012
Challenges remain in the generation of heterogeneous tissues and the repairing of interfacial tissue between soft and hard tissues. The development of tissue engineering scaffolds with gradients in composition, structure, mechanical and chemical properties is essential to modulate cellular behaviors in a graded way and potentially support the growth of ...
Parada C - - 2012
The tongue exerts crucial functions in our daily life. However, we know very little about the regulatory mechanisms of mammalian tongue development. In this review, we summarize recent findings of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control tissue-tissue interactions during tongue morphogenesis. Specifically, cranial neural crest cells (CNCC) lead the ...
Pusiol Teresa - - 2012
The first case of cutaneous clear cell perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) with negative HMB-45 marker is presented. The tumor was a nodule 3x2 cm in size, located on the right foot in a 60-year-old man. The lesion consisted of large irregularly shaped cells with clear cytoplasm, negative for S-100 ...
Piva Terrence J - - 2012
We have previously shown that in HeLa cells treated with a variety of agents there is an increase in cell surface peptidase (CSP) activity in those cells undergoing apoptosis. The increase in CSP activity observed in UVB-irradiated cells undergoing apoptosis was unaffected when the cultures were treated with the aminopeptidase ...
Luo Yumei - - 2012
Generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from somatic cells of patients represents a powerful tool for disease modeling, and they may have a wide range of applications in cell therapies. Olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is a rare and debilitating neurologic disease of insidious onset, characterized by atrophy of the cerebellum ...
Sakamoto Asuka - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) on ultraviolet B (UV-B)-induced damage in cultured human corneal epithelial (HCE-T) cells. The cultured HCE-T cells were treated with 0.003125-0.05% FAD before exposure to 80 mJ/cm<sup>2</sup> UV-B. Cell viability was measured 24 h after UV-B irradiation using the MTS assay. ...
Telang Sucheta - - 2012
T cell activation is associated with a rapid increase in intracellular fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP), an allosteric activator of the glycolytic enzyme, 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase. The steady state concentration of F2,6BP in T cells is dependent on the expression of the bifunctional 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatases (PFKFB1-4) and the fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase, TIGAR. Of the PFKFB family of enzymes, ...
John Susan - - 2012
Transglutaminases (TGase), a family of cross-linking enzymes present in most cell types, are important in events as diverse as cell-signaling and matrix stabilization. Transglutaminase 1 is crucial in developing the epidermal barrier, however the skin also contains other family members, in particular TGase 3. This isoform is highly expressed in ...
Jubair Mohamma - - 2012
In response to antibiotic and/or environmental stress, some species of bacteria shift to a "persister" phenotype. Although toxigenic Vibrio cholerae, responsible for the disease cholera, can be found in nutrient-poor aquatic environments in endemic areas, the underlying mechanism(s) by which culturable cells persist in these environmental reservoirs is largely unknown. ...
Wu Allan Y - - 2012
Microelectrode dieletrophoresis capture of live cells has been explored in animal and cellular models ex-vivo. Currently, there is no clinical data available regarding the safety and efficacy of dielectrophoresis (DEP) buffers and microcurrent manipulation in humans, despite copious pre-clinical studies suggesting its safety. The purpose of this study was to ...
Szymanski Pawel T - - 2012
Sarcodiol (SD) is a semi-synthetic derivative of sarcophine, a marine natural product. In our previous work, we reported the significant chemopreventive effects of SD against non-melanoma skin cancer both in vitro and in vivo mouse models. In this investigation, we extended this work to study the effect of sarcodiol on ...
Poels J - - 2011
This study demonstrates preservation of tissue integrity, maintenance of proliferating spermatogonia and Leydig cell functionality after vitrification and transplantation of non-human primate immature testicular tissue. The objective was to assess the potential of vitrification of non-human primate immature testicular tissue (ITT) in an in vivo xenotransplantation model. Testicular tissue was ...
Demirbag Birsen - - 2011
Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine aim to produce tissue substitutes to restore lost functions of tissues and organs. This includes cell therapies, induction of tissue/organ regeneration by biologically active molecules, or transplantation of in vitro grown tissues. This review article discusses advanced cell therapies that make use of scaffolds and ...
Miyashima Shunsuke - - 2011
The root endodermis is the cylindrical boundary that separates the inner vascular tissue from the outer cortex and functions as an apoplasmic barrier for selective nutrient uptake. Recent developmental and cell biological studies have started to reveal the mechanisms by which this single cell layer serves as a key regulatory ...
Brown Nicholas H NH The Gurdon Institute and Department of Physiology, Development, and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2011
The extracellular matrix (ECM) and its receptors make diverse contributions to development. The ECM comes in a variety of forms, including the more "standard" ECM that is internal to the animal and on the basal side of epithelial sheets, as well as the apical ECM, which is especially elaborated in ...
Zhang Boyang - - 2011
While in nature the formation of complex tissues is gradually shaped by the long journey of development, in tissue engineering constructing complex tissues relies heavily on our ability to directly manipulate and control the micro-cellular environment in vitro. Not surprisingly, advancements in both microfabrication and nanofabrication have powered the field of ...
Chung Bong Geun - - 2011
Microfluidic technologies are emerging as an enabling tool for various applications in tissue engineering and cell biology. One emerging use of microfluidic systems is the generation of shape-controlled hydrogels (i.e., microfibers, microparticles, and hydrogel building blocks) for various biological applications. Furthermore, the microfluidic fabrication of cell-laden hydrogels is of great ...
Sekine Hidekazu - - 2011
Regenerative therapies, including cell injection and bioengineered tissue transplantation, have the potential to treat severe heart failure. Direct implantation of isolated skeletal myoblasts and bone-marrow-derived cells has already been clinically performed and research on fabricating three-dimensional (3-D) cardiac grafts using tissue engineering technologies has also now been initiated. In contrast ...
Huang Shi-Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Imiquimod had been shown to induce apoptosis and autophagy in several skin cancer cells, especially basal cell carcinoma (BCC) cells. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the molecular mechanisms of imiquimod-induced apoptosis and autophagy in skin cancer cell lines. METHODS: The Mcl-1, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL proteins were determined by immunoblotting. The Mcl-1 ...
Huang Guorui G Department of Cell and Regenerative Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, - - 2012
All metazoan cells produce and/or interact with tissue-specific extracellular matrices (ECMs). Such ECMs play important structural roles not only in connective tissues, but in all tissues in which they provide support and anchorage for cells. However, in addition to such structural roles it has become increasingly clear that the tissue-specific ...
Del Galdo Francesco - - 2011
Comment  on: Castello-Cros R, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:2140-50.
Maharlooei Mohsen Khosravi - - 2011
Burn surgeons use autologous skin graft technique for patients, but a challenge remains for large surface wounds. Recently, a method was described which used a small piece of skin to cover a 70 times greater surface by spraying epidermal cells on injured skin. We designed a comparative study to find ...
Kim Kyobum - - 2011
Articular cartilage that is damaged or diseased often requires surgical intervention to repair the tissue; therefore, tissue engineering strategies have been developed to aid in cartilage regeneration. Tissue engineering approaches often require the integration of cells, biomaterials, and growth factors to direct and support tissue formation. A variety of cell ...
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