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Oh Hyuncheol - - 2002
(3R,6R)-4-methyl-6-(1-methylethyl)-3-phenylmethylperhydro-1,4-oxazine-2,5-dione (1) was isolated from the fruiting bodies of Isaria japonica as an apoptosis-inducing agent. The complete structural assignment of the compound was accomplished on the basis of spectroscopic methods and chemical transformations. Compound 1 induced apoptotic cell death of the human leukemia cells (HL-60) in a dose-dependent manner, ranging ...
Dzhambazov Balik - - 2002
Aqueous extract of Clinopodium vulgare L. showed strong antitumour activity when tested in vitro on A2058 (human metastatic melanoma), HEp-2 (epidermoid carcinoma, larynx, human) and L5178Y (mouse lymphoma) cell lines-6 h after treatment disintegration of the nuclei and cell lysis started. Applied at a concentration of 80 microg/ml it reduced ...
Zhang Zili - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the role of plating densities and alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) on the proliferation of IEC-6 cells in vitro. METHODS: IEC-6 cells were seeded in 96-well microplates at various densities in the presence or absence of DFMO. Cells were counted and their proliferative capability was monitored Days 1 to 7 ...
Hetz Claudio - - 2002
The cytotoxic effect of microcin E492, a low-molecular-mass channel-forming bacteriocin (7,887 Da) produced by a strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae, was characterized in HeLa cells. At low (5 microg/ml) and intermediate (10 microg/ml) concentrations, microcin E492 induced biochemical and morphological changes typical of apoptosis, such as cell shrinkage, DNA fragmentation, extracellular ...
Smoyer William E - - 2002
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is characterized by structural changes in the actin-rich foot processes of glomerular podocytes. We previously identified high concentrations of the small heat shock protein hsp27 within podocytes as well as increased glomerular accumulation and phosphorylation of hsp27 in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) -induced experimental NS. Here we analyzed ...
Nakagawa Yoshio - - 2002
The metabolism and cytotoxicity of 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (HMB) in isolated rat hepatocytes and the xenoestrogenic activity of HMB and its metabolites in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and an estrogen receptor competitive binding assay have been studied, respectively. The incubation of hepatocytes with HMB caused a concentration- and time-dependent decrease in ...
Soloneski Sonia - - 2002
The in vitro genotoxicity exerted by the dithiocarbamate fungicide zineb, and its commercial formulation azzurro, were studied in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by the analysis of the sister chromatid exchange (SCE), cell-cycle progression and single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays. Both zineb and azzurro activities were tested within the ...
Ducommun P - - 2002
Dielectric spectroscopy was applied to two industrial high cell density culture processes and used to determine on-line the concentration of CHO cells immobilized on macroporous microcarriers in a stirred bioreactor and in a packed-bed of disk carriers. The cell concentration predicted from the spectroscopic data was in excellent agreement with ...
Besselink Geert - - 2002
Sephadex was derivatized consecutively with Staphylococcus Protein A (SpA) and cell-specific antibodies, and the binding of cells to the resulting material was examined. For comparison, cell binding to commercially obtained SpA-Sepharose was determined. Sephadex G-10, carboxylated by reaction with glycine and activated subsequently with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodi-imide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), was allowed to react ...
Vorbach H - - 2002
Phlebitis is a severe local adverse event related to the use of parenteral macrolides. In order to evaluate the effect of azithromycin and erythromycin on human venous endothelial cells, we set up an in vitro model. The intracellular levels of purine nucleotides, as adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) and ...
El Messaoudi K - - 2002
In vitro incubation of human cytomegalovirus (Towne strain) with 8 U/ml human recombinant myeloperoxidase plus sodium chloride and glucose nearly abolished viral infectivity. To assay the effect on intracellular infection, cell toxicity of the enzymes was first studied. Even the high dose of 16 U/ml of recombinant myeloperoxidase plus 10 ...
Lee Woon Kyu - - 2002
We established six renal tubular cell lines from definite tubular areas of the kidney of transgenic mice harboring tsSV40 large T-antigen gene. Three are proximal tubular cell lines prepared from the S(1), S(2) and S(3) segments of the proximal tubule and the others are collecting duct cell lines obtained from ...
Babich H - - 2002
Minocycline, a broad-spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of acne and periodontal disease and to control inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, has recently been shown to induce a spectrum of adverse health effects. In the light of these contradictory data, this research was directed to provide basic information on ...
Spector Jason A JA Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, NY, - - 2002
The dura mater, the outermost layer of the meninges, is thought to be essential for calvarial morphogenesis, postnatal suture fusion, and osseous repair of calvarial defects. Despite numerous studies illustrating the fundamental role of the dura mater, there is little information about the autocrine and paracrine mechanisms regulating dural cell ...
Stearns Diane M - - 2002
Chromium trispicolinate (CrPic) is a popular dietary supplement that is not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. We are using this compound as a bio-available model to explore the role of Cr(III) in Cr(VI)-induced cancers. The ability of CrPic to cause mutations at the hypoxanthine (guanine) phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) locus ...
Huheihel Mahmoud - - 2002
The cell wall sulfated polysaccharide of the red microalga Porphyridium sp. exhibited impressive antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and -2) both in vitro (cell culture) and in vivo (rats and rabbits). Depending on the concentration, this polysaccharide completely inhibited or slowed down the development ...
Heidemann Rüdiger - - 2002
A new approach has been developed and used to minimize the timeand more carefully monitor and control the seed-train expansionprocess of recombinant mammalian cell lines. The process uses 50or 100 ml cryo-bags that contain frozen cells at high cell densities of 20 x 10(6) ml(-1) (100 ml bags) or 40 ...
Waldron M R - - 2002
Cells were harvested from four rumen locations in four 2- to 3-yr-old ewes fed fescue hay to determine whether cell origin has an effect on cellular VFA metabolism. Tissue (approximately 150 cm2) was excised from the anterior cranial pillar, ventral sac floor, caudal pillar surface, and dorsal sac ceiling. Cells ...
Werner Andreas - - 2002
On inflamed endothelium the cell surface protein E-selectin isexpressed which supports the initial process of attachment -capturing and rolling of leukocytes. A recombinant CHO cell linesecreting a soluble E-selectin-IgG chimera was cultivated competitively under serum free conditions in three different bioreactor systems: a 1 l Super-Spinner, a 2 l stirred ...
Pal Tamal K - - 2002
Cultured rabbit periodontal ligament cells were subjected to short term cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen, for a period of 84 hours and 168 hours, to study the effect of cryopreservation on coll viability and culturing ability. The vital cell count performed by Trypan Blue exclusion was 14.93 x 10(0) cells/ml in ...
Jørgensen A - - 2001
Human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are capable of presenting bacterial superantigens (SAg) to T cells in vitro by ligation of MHC class II molecules on RPE cells with the T cell receptor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the involvement of adhesion molecules in presentation of SAg. ...
Griffiths C - - 2001
1. The functioning of nitric oxide (NO) as a biological messenger necessitates that there be an inactivation mechanism. Cell suspensions from a rat brain region rich in the NO signalling pathway (cerebellum) were used to investigate the existence of such a mechanism and to determine its properties. 2. The cells ...
Lee D Y - - 2001
The effect of 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TcBP) on cell death was investigated in the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae (Lyngb.) Bréb grown in a P-limited, semicontinuous culture under N2-fixing conditions during a 17-d period. The TcBP was supplied daily to yield final concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 ppb (or ng/ml). At 1 and ...
Benga G - - 2001
Six cell lines of human malignant melanoma: A375, A375.2, G361, HMV-1, MM8.1 and WM115 were seeded at densities of 1x10(4) cells/ml, 2 x 10(4) cells/ml or 3 x 10(4) cells/ml of RPMI medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and antibiotics in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 at 37 ...
Yamada K - - 2001
A bacterial cell mixture ot Cellulomonas cartae KYM-7 and Agrobacterium tumefaciens KYM-8 was analyzed by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE). Both pherograms showed two discrete peaks. The cells in the peaks were collected, Gram stained, and examined with a microscope. The cells of the two strains ...
Stevan F R - - 2001
Polysaccharides extracted from several red and brown seaweeds growing along the South American coasts were evaluated regarding their cytotoxic effects against HeLa cells. Sulfated galactans were isolated and purified from the red algae Bostrychia montagnei (BHW and B4 fractions, 17 and 22% SO3Na, respectively) and Porphyra columbina (PC75 fraction, 15.6% ...
Chang M C - - 2001
There are 600 million betel quid (BQ) chewers in the world. BQ chewing is a major etiologic factor of oral cancer. Areca nut (AN) and arecoline may inhibit the growth of oral mucosal fibroblasts (OMF) and keratinocytes. In this study, AN extract (100-800 microg/ml) and arecoline (20-120 microM) inhibited the ...
Lao G - - 2001
A humanized clone containing the trehalose-6-phosphate synthase and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (otsA/B) has been constructed. Using the Gateway Cloning System (Invitrogen, Inc.), the otsA/B genes have been placed under the control of the CMV promoter (pEXPcmv-otsA/B) or the CMV promoter and the tet operator (pEXP cmv TetO-otsA/B). The pEXPcmv-otsA/B clone has ...
Tung Y H - - 2001
Epidemiological studies have shown an association between exposure to indoor air pollution from Chinese-style cooking and risk of lung cancer among Chinese females. Several toxic substances have been identified in cooking oil fumes (COF) collected from heated rapeseed oil. In this study, we examined the biological effects of COF on ...
Foresti M - - 2001
Mouse erythroleukemia (Mel) cells have a cell cycle-dependent high sensitivity to chemical and physical mutagens. This report shows that a 5 h exposure to 0.1 or 0.01 microg/ml metavanadate during the initial period of erythroid differentiation induction was sufficient to permanently damage the ability of treated Mel cells and their ...
Mersch-Sundermann V - - 2001
Musk ketone is a widely used artificial fragrance which has been identified in human fatty tissue and milk. The mutagenic and comutagenic effects of this compound were studied in micronucleus tests with a human derived hepatoma cell line (Hep G2). Exposure of the cells to MK alone in the range ...
Das M - - 2001
Effect of post harvest washing as well as cell concentration on de-emulsification characteristics of an isolated Micrococcus species has been tested with Tween 60 Span 60 stabilised oil in water (o/w) and L-92 pluronic surfactant stabilised water in oil (w/o) model emulsions (kerosene water). The cells used were 140 h ...
Ueta E - - 2001
The influence of anticancer drugs and irradiation on Candida cell proliferation, adherence to HeLa cells and susceptibility to antifungal drugs (amphotericin B and miconazole) and neutrophils were examined using two Candida albicans strains. After treatment with 5-fluorouracil (25 microg/ml to 250 microg/ml), cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (10 microg/ml to 100 microg/ml), peplomycin (0.5 ...
Yan T - - 2001
We report an apparently novel toxic effect of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense, manifested by inhibition of the egg hatching success of the scallop, Chlamys farreri. The hatching rate of C. farreri approached only 30% of controls when its fertilised eggs were exposed for 36h to A. tamarense cells or cellular ...
Hong S J - - 2001
Mitomycin-C has recently become an adjunct medication for inhibition of fibroblast proliferation in glaucoma filtering procedures. Prolonged postoperative ocular hypotony has been a frequent complication of trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C. In order to characterize the hypotony mechanism, we compared the toxic effects of mitomycin-C on cultured rabbit ciliary process cells and ...
Yamate J - - 2001
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) produced by infiltrating macrophages plays a role in fibrotic disorders through the induction of myofibroblasts. To explore possible mechanisms by which TGF-beta1 may act in this context, we investigated effects of TGF-beta1 on macrophage-like (HS-P) and myofibroblastic (MT-9) cells, two novel cell lines developed by us. ...
Mbanya D N - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To establish a reproducible in vitro model for evaluating endothelial cell function in clinical disease states. DESIGN: A prospective study of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) isolated and cultured. SETTING: Department of Haematology, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon and Department of Medicine University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. RESULTS: The ...
Mozdarani H - - 2001
The interactive clastogenic effects of Nd-YAG laser induced hyperthermia (laserthermia) in combination with antineoplastic agents on normally oxygenated and chronically hypoxic HeLa cells were investigated. Exponentially growing HeLa cells were treated with bleomycin sulfate (BLM) (2-4 microg/ml), adriamycin (ADM) (2-4 microg/ml) and actinomycin D (ACT) (0.2-0.4 microg/ml) alone or in ...
De Groot C J - - 2001
The cytotoxicity of dextran T40, methacrylated dextran (dex-MA) and hydroxyethyl-methacrylated dextran (dex-HEMA), dextran-based hydrogel discs and microspheres, and their degradation products, was studied by measuring the cell proliferation inhibition index (CPII) on human fibroblasts in vitro. In addition, during the 72 h incubation period light-microscopic observations were performed daily. After ...
Zeller R - - 2001
This unit describes selected methods for fixing and sectioning various forms of biological materials ranging from tissues to single cells. Sections prepared according to these protocols can then be used to examine cell and tissue morphology and in studies involving in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme histochemistry. The basic protocol ...
Bennett F - - 2001
This unit describes an ELISA and a cell proliferation assay that can be used, respectively, to measure the protein level or biologic activity of human and murine interleukin 11 (IL-11). The bioassay is based on the ability of IL-11 to support growth of the B9-11 cell line, a subline of ...
Traoré A - - 2001
Okadaic acid (OA) is a shellfish toxin produced by dinoflagellates, in mussels. It is a potent tumour promoter and represents a potential threat to human health even at low concentrations. OA targets mainly the gastrointestinal tract in acute poisoning, causing diarrhoea. Therefore the present investigations were designed to study the ...
Ledbetter T K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine cytotoxic effects of activated polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and peroxynitrite on bovine mammary secretory epithelial cells before and after addition of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, myeloperoxidase (MPO) inhibitors, and free-radical scavengers. SAMPLE POPULATION: Polymorphonuclear neutrophils from 3 lactating cows. PROCEDURE: Cells from the bovine mammary epithelial cell line ...
Furlanetto T W - - 2001
Estradiol has well-known indirect effects on the thyroid. A direct effect of estradiol on thyroid follicular cells, increasing cell growth and reducing the expression of the sodium-iodide symporter gene, has been recently reported. The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of estradiol on iodide uptake by ...
Laudes M - - 2001
Preparation of cells from solid organs often induces a functional impairment due to the proteolytic cell damage by the applied digestive enzyme like collagenase, trypsin or dispase. To preserve the tissue and to enhance the yield of cells, Laue et al. reported an islet cell isolation with pre-incubation at 4 ...
Wiegers G J - - 2001
Glucocorticoids inhibit stimulus-induced T-cell proliferation, an early and essential parameter of cellular immunity. It was recently found however that physiological concentrations of glucocorticoids can also accelerate, not only inhibit, rat T-cell mitogenesis. We investigated mechanism(s) underlying mitogenic actions of glucocorticoids on anti-T-cell receptor (TCR)- and concanavalin A (Con A)-induced T-cell ...
Barba I - - 2001
NMR-visible mobile lipid (ML) has been observed in aggressive tumors and also in in vitro tumor cell models subjected to growth-inhibiting conditions, such as confluence or low-pH stress. The aim of the present study was to determine if ML production after confluence or low pH stress in a cultured cell ...
Motose H - - 2001
Local intercellular communication is involved in tracheary element (TE) differentiation of zinnia (Zinnia elegans L.) mesophyll cells and mediated by a proteinous macromolecule, which was designated xylogen. To characterize and isolate xylogen, a bioassay system to monitor the activity of xylogen was developed, in which mesophyll cells were embedded in ...
Di Vito M - - 2001
The presence of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-visible mobile lipid (ML) domains in apoptotic lymphoblasts suggests alterations in neutral lipid metabolism and compartmentation during programmed cell death. The detection of similar ML signals in activated lymphocytes raises questions about common mechanisms of ML formation during apoptosis and upon lymphoblast stimulation. Structure ...
Chen K - - 2001
Lactate and ammonia are the two major waste products formed during mammalian cell growth. Accumulation of these side products can have a negative effect on cell growth, and has drawn recent attention because of their inhibitory effects on the specific product synthesis rate. Our aim is to reduce lactate formation ...
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