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Izevbigie Ernest B - - 2004
Water-soluble extracts of edible Vernonia amygdalina leaves were recently reported as potent inhibitors of cultured MCF-7 cells. The mechanism by which V. amygdalina inhibits MCF-7 cell growth has not been previously studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of V. amygdalina on the activities, DNA synthesis, ...
Zelvyte Inga - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tumor microenvironment, which is largely affected by inflammatory cells, is a crucial participant in the neoplastic process through promotion of cell proliferation, survival and migration. We measured the effects of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) conditioned medium alone, and supplemented with serine proteinase inhibitor alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) or its C-terminal fragment ...
Ha Min-Wen - - 2004
AIM: To study the effect of staurosporine (ST) on the cell cycle of human gastric cancer cell lines MGC803 and SGC7901. METHODS: Cell proliferation was evaluated by trypan blue dye exclusion method. Apoptotic morphology was observed under a transmission electron microscope. Changes of cell cycle and apoptotic peaks of cells ...
Ghadouani, Anas
We investigated the mechanisms behind the negative effects of cyanobacteria on zooplankton by comparing the effects of Microcystis aeruginosa single cells, colonies, and toxins on the feeding behaviour of Daphnia pulicaria in three independent experiments. The animals were fed a mixture of Scenedesmus supplemented by increasing proportions (0, 20, 50, ...
Muhammet Turkoglu
During the investigation period of August-1995 and July-1996, 22 algal species reached numerical densities exceeding 1.0x10<SUP>5</SUP> cells L<SUP>-1</SUP> and it has been produced 17 mono-specific blooms by 11 of them reached values of the order of 1.0x10<SUP>6</SUP> cells L<SUP>-1</SUP> (one of them exceeding 1.0x10<SUP>7</SUP> cells L<SUP>-1</SUP>) in surface waters of ...
Franklin, Evan
One of the fundamental principles of concentrator PV systems is that expensive solar cells can be replaced by less expensive optics. However, the proliferation of concentrator systems has been somewhat held up by the fact that cells remain a significant component of total concentrator system cost. Current research in concentrator ...
Ikonomou Laertis - - 2004
The potential of spent medium to support the growth and recombinant protein production of High-Fivetrade mark cells was investigated. Growth in medium consisting of three parts fresh and one part spent medium was comparable to that in fresh medium (maximal specific growth rates of 0.028 and 0.029 h(-1), and maximal ...
Pan Jing - - 2004
The effects of synthesized 7-OH-4-CH(3)-coumarin on proliferation and differentiation of human hepatoma carcinoma cell line, SMMC-7721, were examined. Results showed that 7-OH-4-CH(3)-coumarin suppressed the proliferation of the SMMC-7721 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC(50) value of 356 +/- 1.8 .M, while concentrations< or =200 mM could trigger differentiation. ...
Riggs James E - - 2004
DBA/2J spleen and peritoneal cells were compared for their ability to present the minor lymphocyte stimulatory superantigen Mls-1a. Although capable of Mls presentation in vivo, peritoneal cells were less effective than spleen cells in vitro. This difference was not due to cell concentration or culture duration. Flow cytometric comparison of ...
Macauley Shannon L - - 2004
Dopaminergic cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, the potential of which is limited due to poor survival and low dopamine content within engrafted tissue. In this study, the ability of transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2) to influence transplant survival was evaluated. Cell suspensions containing ...
Szabo S E - - 2004
Two important parameters for determination of deleterious effects of cellular processing on hematopoietic progenitor cells are cell viability and concentration. The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital evaluated the Beckman Coulter Vi-Cell automated instrument for the measurement of these two parameters. Using 33 thawed hematopoietic progenitor cell ...
Ishido Masami - - 2004
There are many subclones of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells that respond to different levels of estrogen and that have been used for evaluating the estrogenic potential of environmental chemicals such as bisphenol A. In this study, I examined the effects of melatonin, an endogenous growth-inhibitory hormone, on the bisphenol ...
Mohamad Suriyati - - 2004
In this study, the susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to isoniazid (INH) was compared with its derivative, 1-isonicotinyl-2-nonanoyl hydrazine (INH-C9), prepared synthetically. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the drugs was determined using the 1% proportion method. INH-C9 was found to lower the MIC of INH from 0.05 to 0.025 microg/ml. ...
Udabage Lishanthi - - 2004
The concentration and molecular weight of hyaluronan often dictates its physiological function. Consequently full characterisation of the anabolic products and turnover rates of HA could facilitate understanding of the role that HA metabolism plays in disease processes. In order to achieve this it is necessary to interrupt the dynamic balance ...
Bornhäuser M - - 2004
STI-571 (Imatinib/Glivec) has been shown to have synergism with various chemotherapeutic agents including cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) in BCR/ABL positive leukemia cells. The antiproliferative and proapopotic effects of STI-571 in these experiments are mainly explained by its ability to specifically block the fusion-protein BCR/ABL which has a constitutively active tyrosine kinase ...
Tchounwou Paul B - - 2004
Lead is a non-essential element that exhibits a high degree of toxicity, especially in children. Most research on lead has focused on its effects on organ systems such as the nervous system, the red blood cells, and the kidneys which are considered to be the primary targets of lead toxicity. ...
Chang Jung-San - - 2004
The water extracts of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zuce against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was studied for its chemopreventive potential. Three HCC cell lines (HepG2, SK-Hep1 and PLC/PRF/5) and three leukemic cell lines (U937, K562 and Raji) were tested with XTT assay. Extracts of C. officinalis inhibited all these HCC cells ...
Xu Qingxiang - - 2004
A bioartificial liver (BAL) based on viable porcine hepatocytes can serve as a bridge to liver transplantation in patients with acute liver failure (ALF). To support liver functions, an adequate mass of hepatocytes is needed, which depends upon the cell density in the BAL device. This study evaluated the optimal ...
Lin Chun-Ching - - 2004
1. The present study was conducted to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of Coptis chinensis and Epimedium sagittatum extracts and their major constituents on hepatoma and leukaemia cells in vitro. 2. Four human liver cancer cell lines, namely HepG2, Hep3B, SK-Hep1 and PLC/PRF/5, and four leukaemia cell lines, namely K562, U937, ...
Thaweboon Sroisiri - - 2003
Human dental pulp cells were cultured in fluoride containing medium of various concentrations (0, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 80 ppm) in order to study the biological effect on the cells' proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities. It was found that fluoride at 5 ...
Yeung Chi Kong - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the cytotoxic effect of TA on human retinal pigment epithelium (ARPE19) and human glial (SVG) cells over a range of concentrations and durations of exposure. METHODS: TA (0.01-1 mg/mL) or vehicle (benzyl alcohol, 0.025%) was added to the ARPE19 and SVG cultures on day 0 and then ...
Troger J - - 2003
To define the effect of the neuropeptides substance P, calcitonin gene related peptide, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, neuropeptide Y, and secretoneurin on the proliferation of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. ARPE-19 cells were used. The cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. 1000 and 2000 cells were incubated with ...
Oertel Michael - - 2003
Photodynamic therapy of bile duct cancer using hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) and laser light of 630 nm wavelength is confined to a tumouricidal tissue penetration of 4 mm, which might be doubled with laser light between 700 and 800 nm. Therefore, we investigated the photosensitising properties of a novel bacteriochlorine, tetrakis-pyridyl-tetrahydroporphyrin ...
Sun Nina N - - 2003
The increased morbidity of childhood leukemia in Fallon, Nevada and Sierra Vista, Arizona has prompted great health concern. The main characteristic that these two towns share is the environmental pollution attributed to metal ore from abandoned mining operations. Consequently, we have investigated the transcriptome effects of metal ores from these ...
Na Ho-Jeong - - 2003
Mast cell hyperplasia can be causally related with chronic inflammation. Stem cell factor (SCF), the ligand of the c-kit protooncogene product, is a major regulator and chemoattractant of mast cells. Poncirus fructus (PF) has been used against allergic diseases for generations in South Korea. PF (1 mg ml(-1)) significantly inhibited ...
Klein Benjamin Y - - 2003
Osteoporosis (OP) and atherosclerotic-cardiovascular diseases (and possibly dementia) constitute emerging age-related co-morbidity states that might share risk factors. Blood-born lipids, like LDL involved in atherosclerosis and apolipoprotein-E4 (ApoE4) involved in dementia, may also be implicated in development of OP. We examined osteoblast cell lines as a culture model for OP ...
Müller G - - 2003
The modulations of complement-regulating surface proteins on a human embryonic and a renal carcinoma cell line are described regarding the effects of ochratoxin A and some of its metabolites on the surface markers CD46, CD55 and CD59. Membrane integrity, cell proliferation and metabolic activity were reduced to different extents, depending ...
Yamazaki Tsutomu - - 2003
In vitro inhibitory effects of tea polyphenols on Chlamydia trachomatis and C. pneumoniae were investigated. A product of tea polyphenols, Polyphenon 70S was used. Chlamydial strains used were C. trachomatis D/UW-3/Cx and L(2)/434/Bu, and C. pneumoniae AR-39 and AC-43 strains. HeLa229 cells and HL cells were used for cultivation of ...
Jantová Sona - - 2003
Previous studies on the anticancer activity of protoberberine alkaloids against a variety of cancer cell lines were extended to human tumour HeLa and murine leukemia L1210 cell lines. An attempt was also made to investigate the relationship between the cytotoxic activity of berberine and its molecular mechanism of action. Cytotoxicity ...
Chatterton Robert T RT - - 2003
The study was designed to determine the process and limitations by which estrone sulfate may be a precursor of estradiol in the parenchymal cells of the normal breast. The concentration of estrone sulfate in breast nipple aspirate fluid was 1000-fold greater than that of estradiol. Concentrations of 3H-estrone sulfate in ...
Guzmán Héctor R - - 2003
Acoustic cavitation has been shown to load drugs, proteins and DNA into viable cells as a complex function of acoustic and nonacoustic parameters. To better understand and quantify this functionality, DU145 prostate cancer cell suspensions at different cell concentrations (2.5 x 10(5) to 4.0 x 10(7) cells/mL) were exposed to ...
Naarala J - - 2003
Wood dusts are classified as carcinogenic to humans and also produce other toxic, allergic, and acute effects in woodworkers. However, little is known about causative agents in wood dusts and their mechanisms of action. The effects of different tree species and particle size for biological activity were studied. The differences ...
Scuderi Anna Claudia - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic effect of the aminoglycoside antibiotic netilmicin on rabbit corneal epithelial cells (SIRC) compared with ofloxacin, a commonly used fluoroquinolone ocular antibiotic. METHODS: SIRC cell cultures were incubated for 8 to 72 h in the presence and absence of netilmicin (1.5, 3, and 6 ...
Gurpinar Aylin - - 2003
There is increasing evidence that the cells of the epithelial root sheath synthesize enamel matrix proteins and that these proteins play a fundamental role in cementogenesis and periodontal tissue formation. Emdogain, enamel matrix derivative (EMD), is a porcine enamel matrix derived product used to enhance regeneration of the peridontium after ...
Sheehan Kyle M - - 2003
The intra-articular injection of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) has been reported to be an effective treatment for pain of osteoarthritis of the knee. However, the mechanism by which HA exerts its effect is unknown. To explore HA's influence on the growth of U937 human macrophages, cells were incubated ...
Amonette J E - - 2003
The toxicity of Al to Desulfovibrio desulfuricans G20 was assessed over a period of 8 weeks in a modified lactate C medium buffered at four initial pHs (5.0, 6.5, 7.2, and 8.3) and treated with five levels of added Al (0, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, and 10 mM). At pH 5, ...
Salehzadeh A - - 2003
When cultured insect cells (Sf9) were grown in the presence of 5 x 10(-6) M azadirachtin, there was a rapid increase in the mitotic index, with the appearance of many aberrant mitotic figures. Flow cytometry established that cells accumulated in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and that the ...
Siddiqui Farooq A - - 2003
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays a crucial role in both angiogenesis and tumor invasion. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown to up-regulate the expression of MMP-9 in vascular smooth muscle cells. We recently reported that hemoglobin (Hb) enhances the expression of tissue factor (TF) and VEGF on TF-positive human ...
This paper concerns with the protection of sensitive cells in a tabular data. The aim is to guarantee a certain "protection level" and to minimize the "loss of information". We define in a precise way these two fundamental concepts, and present four di#erent methodologies. To illustrate the idea, suppose that ...
Peeler E J - - 2003
The association between quarter somatic-cell counts (QSCCs) of milk and the risk of clinical mastitis (CM) was investigated in a 1-year study on three dairy herds in Somerset, UK. The three herds had 95-130 milking cows and an annual mean bulk milk somatic-cell count (BMSCC) of <150 x 10(3)cells/ml. The ...
Clemmitt R H - - 2003
The use of fluidizable affinity adsorbents for the adsorption of cells in expanded mode is investigated. Affinity adsorbents have been synthesized by immobilizing the lectin Concanavalin A onto the surface of triazine-activated perfluorocarbon-solids. The adsorbents were found to adsorb Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells from solution with adsorption capacities of up to ...
Sasse Florenz - - 2003
Novel cytotoxic compounds, archazolid A and B, were isolated from the culture broth of strains of the myxobacteria Archangium gephyra and Cystobacter sp. Archazolids consist of a macrocyclic lactone ring with a thiazole side chain and showed high activity against mammalian cells. The IC50 values with different cell lines ranged ...
Mei Y - - 2003
Tea polyphenols, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate in particular, were examined for their modulating effects on the drug resistance KB-A-1 cells and drug sensitive KB-3-1 cells. Both KB-3-1 and KB-A-1 cells were equally sensitive to tea polyphenol and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. When 10 microgram/ml (-)-epigallocatechin gallate or 40 microgram/ml tea polyphenol were present simultaneously ...
Maeda Y - - 2003
We report that a novel substance named dictyopyrone C (DPC) has remarkable effects on growth and differentiation of Dictyostelium discoideum Ax-2 cells, in a dose-dependent manner. In the presence of 3-15 microM DPC, differentiation of starving Ax-2 (clone MS) cells was greatly enhanced in submerged culture, when vegetative MS cells ...
Im Sook-Jung - - 2003
Melanogenesis is a well known physiological response of human skin exposed to ultraviolet light, genetic reasons and other sources. In this study, we conducted to evaluate the effects of Radix Ginseng (RG) and Radix Trichosanthis (RT) on the melanogenesis in the B16 melanoma cells. The cells were treated for 48 ...
Drobni Peter - - 2003
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infect epithelial cells and are associated with genital carcinoma. Most epithelial cell lines express cell-surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) usually found attached to the protein core of proteoglycans. Our aim was to study how GAGs influenced HPV entry. Using a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT), preincubation of HPV virus-like ...
Watts Patricia - - 2003
Extracts from entomopathogenic fungi of the genus Hypocrella (7 species) and its anamorph Aschersonia (11 species) were screened for cytotoxicity to Sf9 and C6/36 insect cells and L929, BHK(21)C13 and HepG2 mammalian cells. Cytotoxic extracts to insect cells (ID50's < or = 10 microg ml(-1)) but not to mammalian cells ...
Lash G E - - 2003
A role for angiogenic growth factors in trophoblast invasion has been postulated. Directional motility (chemotaxis) is an important function of trophoblast cells. We have previously shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) increases the random movement of trophoblast cells although placental growth factor (PlGF) has no effect. Heparin inhibited this ...
Saravanan B C - - 2003
A study was undertaken to compare the proliferative index of macroschizont-infected lymphoblastoid cells of two Indian strains [Izatnagar (IZT) and Parbhani (PBN)] of Theileria annulata by an in vitro MTT [3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide], colorimetric assay. Culture conditions were standardized to define the optimal cell concentration in 96-well microculture plates ...
Miederer Matthias - - 2003
We investigated the effects of the alpha-particle emitters (149)Tb and (213)Bi coupled to a tumor-specific antibody targeting the mutated delta 9 E-cadherin (d9 E-Cad) on single cells and cell pellets. The d9 mutation of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin is found in 10% of diffuse-type gastric cancers and is not expressed ...
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