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Sorokin Elena P EP University of - - 2014
In multicellular organisms, genetic programs guide cells to adopt cell fates as tissues are formed during development, maintained in adults and repaired after injury. Here we explore how a small molecule in the environment can switch a genetic program from one fate to another. Wild-type Caenorhabditis elegans XX adult hermaphrodites ...
Uribe Mari Carmen MC Laboratorio de Biología de la Reproducción Animal, Departamento de Biología Comparada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, México, DF 04510, - - 2014
Oogonial proliferation in fishes is an essential reproductive strategy to generate new ovarian follicles and is the basis for unlimited oogenesis. The reproductive cycle in viviparous teleosts, besides oogenesis, involves development of embryos inside the ovary, that is, intraovarian gestation. Oogonia are located in the germinal epithelium of the ovary. ...
Fallon Ann M AM Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, 1980 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, - - 2014
Wolbachia is an obligate intracellular alphaproteobacterium that occurs in arthropod and nematode hosts. Wolbachia presumably provides a fitness benefit to its hosts, but the basis for its retention and spread in host populations remains unclear. Wolbachia genomes retain biosynthetic pathways for some vitamins, and the possibility that these vitamins benefit ...
Musat Niculina N Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department of Isotope Biogeochemistry, Permoserstraße 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of nanoSIMS for the exploration of microbial activities in natural habitats often implies that stable isotope tracer experiments are combined with in situ hybridization techniques (i.e. fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or catalyzed reporter deposition (CARD)-FISH). In this study, Pseudomonas putida grown on (13)C- and (15)N-labeled carbon and ...
Yamamoto Kohei K Department of Cariology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki 852-8588, - - 2014
Marine collagen derived from fish scales, skin, and bone has been widely investigated for application as a scaffold and carrier due to its bioactive properties, including excellent biocompatibility, low antigenicity, and high biodegradability and cell growth potential. Fish type I collagen is an effective material as a biodegradable scaffold or ...
Mughal Farah F Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, University of Manchester, Manchester, M1, 7ND, - - 2013
A simple microfluidic fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) device allowing accurate analysis of interphase nuclei in 1 hr in narrow channels is presented. Photolithography and fluorosilicic acid etching were used to fabricate microfluidic channels (referred to as FISHing lines) that allowed analysis of 10 samples on a glass microscope slide ...
Guzmán-Guillén Remedios - - 2013
The acute toxicity of cylindrospermopsin (CYN) has been established in rodents, based on diverse intraperitoneal an oral exposure studies and more recently in fish. But no data have been reported in fish after subchronic exposure to cyanobacterial cells containing this cyanotoxin, so far. In this work, tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were ...
Ramos Cleverson Agner - - 2013
The gill structure of the Amazonian fish Arapaima gigas, an obligatory air breather, was investigated during its transition from water breathing to the obligatory air breathing modes of respiration. The gill structure of A. gigas larvae is similar to that of most teleost fish; however, the morphology of the gills ...
Casper Brandon M - - 2013
Impulsive pile driving sound can cause injury to fishes, but no studies to date have examined whether such injuries include damage to sensory hair cells in the ear. Possible effects on hair cells were tested using a specially designed wave tube to expose two species, hybrid striped bass (white bass ...
Shimada Atsuko - - 2013
The vertebrate mineralized skeleton is known to have first emerged as an exoskeleton that extensively covered the fossil jawless fish. The evolutionary origin of this exoskeleton has long been attributed to the emergence of the neural crest, but experimental evaluation for this is still poor. Here we determine the embryonic ...
Vollmer Jennifer - - 2013
Obligate Wolbachia endobacteria have a reduced genome and retained genes are hypothesized to be crucial for survival. Although intracellular bacteria do not need a stress-bearing peptidoglycan cell wall, Wolbachia encode proteins necessary to synthesize the peptidoglycan precursor lipid II. The activity of the enzymes catalyzing the last two steps of ...
Manek Aditya K - - 2013
Many prey fishes possess large club cells in their epidermis. The role of these cells has garnered considerable attention from evolutionary ecologists. These cells likely form part of the innate immune system of fishes, however, they also have an alarm function, releasing chemical cues that serve to warn nearby conspecifics ...
Sirri R - - 2013
Doctor fish (Garra rufa) have recently been used for aesthetic purposes and as a medical treatment in patients with psoriasis (ichthyotherapy). For this particular kind of human therapy it is essential to guarantee adequate hygienic conditions for both people and fish. The aim of this study was to test two ...
Mir Pere P IVIOMICS, Paterna, Valencia, Spain. - - 2013
In this work, false positive rate of an arrayCGH platform for its use in day-3 single-blastomere analysis was calculated. For this purpose, 38 embryos diagnosed as abnormal on day-3 by FISH were re-biopsied on day-4. Single-cell day-4 arrayCGH diagnosis was then performed. A successful amplification was obtained in 97.4 % ...
Jayalal Udeni - - 2012
The lichen species Polychidium muscicola was found in South Korea for the first time and this is the first record of the genus Polychidium from the Korean peninsula. This species is characterized by a dichotomously branched minute thallus with clustered cells of Nostoc as the photobiont. A detailed description and ...
Fourquez Marion - - 2012
Heterotrophic bacteria are key players in the biogeochemical cycle of iron (Fe) in the ocean, but the capability of different bacterial groups to access this micronutrient is ignored thus far. The aim of our study was to develop a protocol for the combined application of microautoradiography (MICRO) and Catalyzed Reporter ...
Peter Valsa S - - 2012
We examined the effects of carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate; sevin), a carbamate pesticide, on interrenal and thyroid activities and mitochondrial rich (MR) cell function in climbing perch to understand the physiological basis of toxicity acclimation in this fish to the chemical stressor. Carbaryl exposure (5-20mgL(-1)) for 48h increased cortisol and glucose, ...
Dwivedi Senthamilselvan - - 2012
Fingerlings of estuarine fishes, Tilapia mossambica and Lates calcarifer were exposed to sub-lethal concentration of mercury and chromium (2.8 ppm) for a period of 28 days. When these fish were exposed to metals concentration, severe gills alterations were observed. But the alteration was less in fish T. mossambica when compared ...
Serbus Laura R - - 2012
Wolbachia endosymbionts carried by filarial nematodes give rise to the neglected diseases African river blindness and lymphatic filariasis afflicting millions worldwide. Here we identify new Wolbachia-disrupting compounds by conducting high-throughput cell-based chemical screens using a Wolbachia-infected, fluorescently labeled Drosophila cell line. This screen yielded several Wolbachia-disrupting compounds including three that ...
Chavez Miquella G MG Program in Craniofacial and Mesenchymal Biology and Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2013
Dental epithelial stem cells (DESCs) drive continuous growth in the adult mouse incisors. To date, a robust system for the primary culture of these cells has not been reported, and little is known about the basic molecular architecture of these cells or the minimal extracellular scaffolding that is necessary to ...
Pritz Christian Oliver - - 2012
Background: Due to their biochemical versatility, nanoparticles (NPs) have become one of the most important future carriers for drugs and genes. NP-mediated delivery could enable an effective pharmacotherapy to the inner ear and combat hearing loss. Aims: This study investigates the endocytic trafficking of silica NPs within HEI-OC1 cells, a ...
Lee Chung-Te - - 2012
Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 is a polyphyletic group whose virulence for fish relies on a plasmid. This plasmid contains an rtxA gene duplicated in the small chromosome that encodes a MARTX (Multifunctional, Autoprocessing Repeats-in-Toxin) unique within the species in domain structure (MARTX type III). To discover the role of this ...
Takumida Masaya - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: It is suggested that aquaporins (AQPs) 1, 2, and 3, and vasopressin type 2 receptors (V2Rs) in the fluid transporting cells, such as stria vascularis, vestibular dark and transitional cells, and endolymphatic sac epithelial cells, have an important role in fluid transport in the inner ear, while those ...
Retamoso Luciana Borges - - 2012
In this study, we evaluated the cellular viability of various esthetic, metallic, and nickel-free orthodontic brackets. The sample was divided into 11 groups (n = 8): cellular control, negative control, positive control, metallic, polycarbonate, 2 types of monocrystalline ceramic, 3 types of nickel free, and polycrystalline ceramic brackets. Cell culture (NIH/3T3-mice ...
Wang Piao - - 2012
To compare the structural and cellular differences of the periosteum from different parts of the mandible in minipigs by use of histologic and immunohistochemical methods to confirm the areas in which periosteal osteogenesis in situ can be used to treat mandible defects. Three minipigs were killed, and the left mandible ...
Modrell Melinda S - - 2012
The lateral line system of fishes and amphibians comprises two ancient sensory systems: mechanoreception and electroreception. Electroreception is found in all major vertebrate groups (i.e. jawless fishes, cartilaginous fishes, and bony fishes); however, it was lost in several groups including anuran amphibians (frogs) and amniotes (reptiles, birds, and mammals), as ...
Landmann Frédéric - - 2012
Parasitic filarial nematodes that belong to the Onchocercidae family live in mutualism with Wolbachia endosymbionts. We developed whole-mount techniques to follow the segregation patterns of Wolbachia through the somatic and germline lineages of four filarial species. These studies reveal multiple evolutionarily conserved mechanisms that are required for Wolbachia localization to ...
Kuratani Shigeru - - 2012
The cephalic neural crest produces streams of migrating cells that populate pharyngeal arches and a more rostral, premandibular domain, to give rise to an extensive ectomesenchyme in the embryonic vertebrate head. The crest cells forming the trigeminal stream are the major source of the craniofacial skeleton; however, there is no ...
Männik Jaan J Department of Bionanoscience, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The - - 2012
Cell division in typical rod-shaped bacteria such as Escherichia coli shows a remarkable plasticity in being able to adapt to a variety of irregular cell shapes. Here, we investigate the roles of the Min system and the nucleoid-occlusion factor SlmA in supporting this adaptation. We study "squeezed" E. coli in ...
Ricotti Leonardo - - 2012
This study aims at investigating the behavior in terms of the proliferation and skeletal muscle differentiation capability of two myoblastic cell lines, C2C12 and H9c2, on both isotropic and anisotropic electrospun nanofibrous poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) scaffolds, as well as on PHB films and polystyrene controls. After a careful characterization of the ...
Magara Jin J Division of Oral Anatomy, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, - - 2012
The articular disc in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that serves in load relief and stabilizing in jaw movements is a dense collagenous tissue consisting of extracellular matrices and disc cells. The various morphological configurations of the disc cells have given us diverse names, such as fibroblasts, chondrocyte-like cells and fibrochondrocytes; ...
Miyakawa Isamu - - 2012
The morphology of mitochondrial nucleoids (mt-nucleoids), mitochondria, and nuclei was investigated during meiosis and sporulation of the diploid cells of the ascosporogenic yeast Saccharomycodes ludwigii. The mt-nucleoids appeared as discrete dots uniformly distributed in stationary-phase cells as revealed by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. Throughout first and second meiotic divisions, the mt-nucleoids ...
Maruyama Munetoshi - - 2012
Termitotrox cupidosp. n. is described from Cambodia and represents the first discovery of Termitotrox Reichensperger, 1915 from the Indo-Chinese subregion of the Oriental region. The type series was collected from fungus garden cells of Hypotermes makhamensis Ahmad, 1965 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Macrotermitinae). Hypotermes Holmgren, 1917 was previously an unknown host of ...
Rodrigues Christopher D A - - 2012
Precise temporal and spatial control of cell division is essential for progeny survival. The current general view is that precise positioning of the division site at midcell in rod-shaped bacteria is a result of the combined action of the Min system and nucleoid (chromosome) occlusion. Both systems prevent assembly of ...
DeLaurier April - - 2012
Histone deacetylase-4 (Hdac4) is a class II histone deacetylase that inhibits the activity of transcription factors. In humans, HDAC4 deficiency is associated with non-syndromic oral clefts and brachydactyly mental retardation syndrome (BDMR) with craniofacial abnormalities. We identify hdac4 in zebrafish and characterize its function in craniofacial morphogenesis. The gene is ...
Arruda Elcy Pinto de - - 2011
Aim. This study evaluated the behavior of oral epithelial cells in contact with orthodontic appliances. Methods. Oral epithelial cells of clinically normal buccal mucosa were obtained by liquid-based exfoliative cytology from 22 orthodontic patients. The following regions were evaluated: a) oral mucosa exposed to friction from orthodontic brackets; b) oral ...
Han Sang-Kuy - - 2011
Experimental studies suggest that the magnitude of chondrocyte deformation is much smaller than expected based on the material properties of extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells, and that this result could be explained by a structural unit, the chondron, that is thought to protect chondrocytes from large deformations in situ. We ...
Mizuno Tadahaya - - 2011
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays an essential role in the biogenesis of high-density lipoprotein in liver and in the prevention of foam cell formation in macrophages by mediating the efflux of cellular cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). Our current study investigated the mechanism of degradation of cell ...
Balbi Tiziana - - 2011
We have investigated the morphology of the sinus node of the human cardiac conduction system. Until today the sinus node (SN) is described as a heterogeneous system composed of 2 types of cells, namely, P or pale and T or transitional cells which are immersed in the matrix around the ...
Gutsch Romina - - 2011
Monocytic differentiation is orchestrated by complex networks that are not fully understood. This study further elucidates the involvement of transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ). Initially, we demonstrated a marked increase in nuclear C/EBPβ-liver-enriched activating protein* (LAP*)/liver-enriched activating protein (LAP) levels and LAP/liver-enriched inhibiting protein (LIP) ratios in phorbol 12-myristate ...
Vozzi Giovanni - - 2011
It is well known that many cell functions are activated by chemical signals with a time and space-dependent profile. To mimic these profiles in vitro, it is necessary to develop a system that is able to generate concentration gradients with a resolution similar to that perceived by cells, which is ...
Yeh Ming-Kung - - 2011
We prepared a novel porous gelatin (GEL) sponge which was cross-linked (CL) with a zero-length cross-linker of 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (CMPI), and compared CPMI with 1-ethyl-3,3-dimethylaminoproplycarbodiimide (EDC). The ninhydrin assay indicated that the CMPI-CL-GEL sponge had a higher degree of cross-linking than the EDC-CL-GEL sponge at cross-linking saturation. In contrast, the ...
Maess Marten B - - 2011
The human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 is a widely used model for investigating monocyte and macrophage biology. Successful transfection of THP-1 monocytes with subsequent phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced differentiation into macrophages is not a trivial matter, because according to previous transfection protocols, cell viability is lost almost completely within ...
Langevin Helene M HM Department of Neurology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA. - - 2011
The visco-elastic behavior of connective tissue is generally attributed to the material properties of the extracellular matrix rather than cellular activity. We have previously shown that fibroblasts within areolar connective tissue exhibit dynamic cytoskeletal remodeling within minutes in response to tissue stretch ex vivo and in vivo. Here, we tested ...
Robert Damien - - 2011
Magnetically labelled cells are finding a wealth of applications for in vitro analysis as well as in vivo treatments. Sorting of cells into subpopulations based on their magnetite loading is an important step in such procedures. Here, we study the sorting of monocytes and macrophages which internalise nanoparticles to different ...
Ciofani Gianni - - 2011
The recent advancements in tissue engineering and, more in general, in cell-based applications, has led to an ever increasing interest toward new materials for sustained cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, the preparation and the characterization of scaffolds based on poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid / barium titanate nanoparticle composites are presented. In vitro ...
Kollár Peter - - 2011
Paulownia tomentosa is a rich source of geranylated flavanones, some of which we have previously shown to have cytotoxic activity. To identify members of this class of compounds with cytostatic effects, we assessed the effects of the geranylated flavanone tomentodiplacone B (TOM B) on cell cycle progression and cell cycle ...
Ku Bo Mi - - 2011
Chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) is a secreted glycoprotein that has pleiotropic activity in aggressive cancers. In our study, we examined the expression and function of CHI3L1 in glioma cells. CHI3L1 was highly expressed in human glioma tissue, whereas its expression in normal brain tissue was very low. CHI3L1 suppression by ...
Jin Fulai F Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2011
Unraveling the complexity of transcriptional programs coded by different cell types has been one of the central goals of cell biology. By using genome-wide location analysis, we examined how two different cell types generate different responses to the NF-κB signaling pathway. We showed that, after TNF-α treatment, the NF-κB p65 ...
Zhang Hao-Bin - - 2011
Functional polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/graphene nanocomposite microcellular foams were prepared by blending of PMMA with graphene sheets followed by foaming with subcritical CO(2) as an environmentally benign foaming agent. The addition of graphene sheets endows the insulating PMMA foams with high electrical conductivity and improved electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding efficiency with microwave ...
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