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Manferdini Cristina - - 2010
A biomimetic hyaluronic acid (HA)-based polymer scaffold was analysed in vitro for its characteristics and potential to support mineralization as carrier-vehicle. Biomimetic apatite crystal nucleation on the scaffold surface was obtained by a fine control of the pH level that increased ionic solubility thus controlling apatite formation kinetic. Different concentrations ...
Tsuda Yukiko - - 2010
This paper describes a method to produce monodisperse cell-encapsulating microgel beads composed of a self-assembling peptide gel for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. We used a 3D microfluidic axisymmetric flow-focusing device with an external gelation method. The finely powdered salts were dispersed into a continuous phase, and the salts induced the ...
Nemir Stephanie - - 2010
The ability of cells to migrate in response to mechanical gradients (durotaxis) and differential cell behavior in adhesion, spreading, and proliferation in response to substrate rigidity are key factors both in tissue engineering, in which materials must be selected to provide the appropriate mechanical signals, and in studies of mechanisms ...
Hunt Nicola C - - 2010
There has been a consistent increase in the mean life expectancy of the population of the developed world over the past century. Healthy life expectancy, however, has not increased concurrently. As a result we are living a larger proportion of our lives in poor health and there is a growing ...
Wan Andrew C A - - 2010
Nanomaterials can be defined as materials that possess clearly defined features of less than 100nm, and whose nanostructured features confer characteristics crucial to the material's bulk property. The nanostructured features can be an intermediate or final state of the material in its synthesis process. The field of nanomaterials as applied ...
Marquez J Pablo - - 2010
While much is known about the subcellular structures responsible for the mechanical functioning of a contractile fibroblast, debate exists about how these components combine to endow a cell with its form and mechanical function. We present an analysis of mechanical characterization experiments performed on bio-artificial tissue constructs, which we believe ...
Jiang Ting - - 2010
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are considered as a promising cell source for cartilage regeneration. However, the heterogeneity of this cell source may affect their ability in cartilage formation. It is therefore necessary to establish an efficient method for isolating the cells that have chondrogenic potential. To date, no specific markers ...
Kelm Jens M - - 2010
The development of cell-based therapies for diseased tissues is one of the most promising research directions in regenerative medicine. Cell-delivery methods are an essential part of cell therapy concepts. Therapies with the potential to become clinical routine will only be possible if these methods ensure efficient engraftment and therapeutically-relevant number ...
Sohier J - - 2010
To provide multipotent cells with a three-dimensional environment closer to bone matrix, an engineered construct mimicking bone components has been designed and evaluated. A biocompatible hydrogel (silated hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose) was used as an extra-cellular matrix while biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic particles were used to replace mineralized matrix. Finally, human bone ...
Hung Yao-Ching - - 2010
We have fabricated a nanodevice composed of a matrix of nine nanodot arrays with various dot sizes, ranging from a flat surface to 10 nm, 50 nm, 100 nm, and 200 nm arrays. HELA, C33A, ES2, PA-1, TOV-112D, TOV-21G, MG63, and NIH-3T3 cells were seeded onto the device and cultured ...
Becker Stephan T ST Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the biocompatibility of computer-assisted designed (CAD) synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) and tricalciumphosphate (TCP) blocks and natural bovine hydroxyapatite blocks for augmentations and endocultivation by supporting and promoting the proliferation of human periosteal cells. Human periosteum cells were cultured using an osteogenic ...
Wang Chunling - - 2010
The frequency of extramedullary infiltration (EMI) in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) is reported up to 40% and most prevalent in myelo-monoblastic and monoblastic subtypes of AML (M4 and M5 according to FAB classification). The majority of patients with EMI suffered poor prognosis. To explore mechanism underlying EMI, we analyzed SHI-1 ...
Wang Chunming - - 2010
Hydrogels are synthetic or natural polymer networks that closely mimic native extracellular matrices. As hydrogel-based vehicles are being increasingly employed in therapeutic cell delivery, two inherent traits of most common hydrogels, namely low cell affinity and high cell constraint, have significantly drawn the attention of biomedical community. These two properties ...
Engelhardt E-M - - 2010
Collagen is highly conserved across species and has been used extensively for tissue regeneration; however, its mechanical properties are limited. A recent advance using plastic compression of collagen gels to achieve much higher concentrations significantly increases its mechanical properties at the neo-tissue level. This controlled, cell-independent process allows the engineering ...
Araujo Jose V - - 2010
In our previous work, biomimetic calcium phosphate-coated poly(caprolactone) nanofibre meshes (BCP-NMs) were demonstrated to be more effective for supporting cell attachment and proliferation under static conditions, when compared with poly(caprolactone) nanofibre meshes (PCL-NMs). In many applications, in vitro cultivation of constructs using bioreactors that support efficient nutrition of cells has ...
Ilagan Roger - - 2010
Three-dimensional collagen gel contraction is the standard assay utilized for functionally quantifying a variety of cell types, in particular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and myofibroblasts. Here, we have developed a method to effectively reduce the three-dimensional parameters of the standard collagen gel into a single, linear measurement. Cell/collagen suspensions that ...
Schussler Olivier - - 2010
Experimental studies in animals and recent human clinical trials have revealed the current limitations of cellular transplantation, which include poor cell survival, lack of cell engraftment, and poor differentiation. Evidence in animals suggests that use of a 3-dimensional scaffold may enhance cell therapy and engineer myocardial tissue by improving initial ...
Ishibashi Osamu - - 2010
The periodontal ligament (PDL), a connective tissue located between the cementum of teeth and the alveolar bone of mandibula, plays a crucial role in the maintenance and regeneration of periodontal tissues. The PDL contains fibroblastic cells of a heterogeneous cell population, from which we have established several cell lines previously. ...
Kurose Rie - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the possibility of chondrogenic differentiation and cartilage repair of synovial fluid cells of osteoarthritis (OA) knee. METHODS: Synovial fluids from 26 patients with OA knee were aspirated from each knee joint and cultured in vitro. The morphology of cultured synovial fluid cells, cell proliferation rate, the phenotype, ...
Au-Yeung Kwan Lok - - 2010
Mechanical signal is important for regulating cellular activities, including proliferation, metabolism, matrix production, and orientation. Bioreactors with loading functions can be used to precondition cells in three-dimensional (3D) constructs so as to study the cellular responses to mechanical stimulation. However, full-scale bioreactor is not always an affordable option considering the ...
Schop D - - 2010
Adult stem cells, or mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), are of great potential for cell therapy and tissue-engineering applications. However, for therapeutic use, these cells need to be isolated from tissue or a biopsy and efficiently expanded, as they cannot be harvested in sufficient quantities from the body. In our opinion, ...
Giovannini Samoa - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the interconnection between the processes of proliferation, dedifferentiation, and intrinsic redifferentiation (chondrogenic) capacities of human articular chondrocyte (HAC), and to identify markers linking HAC dedifferentiation status with their chondrogenic potential. Cumulative population doublings (PD) of HAC expanded in monolayer culture were determined, ...
Nakamura Hiroaki - - 2010
We elucidated the localization of Thy-1-positive cells in the perichondrium of fetal rat limb bones to clarify the distribution of osteogenic cells in the process of endochondral ossification. We also examined the formation of calcified bone-like matrices by isolated perichondrial cells in vitro. At embryonic day (E) 15.5, when the ...
Jukes Jojanneke M - - 2010
Cartilage tissue engineering, in which chondrogenic cells are combined with a scaffold, is a cell-based approach to regenerate damaged cartilage. Various scaffold materials have been investigated, among which are hydrogels. Previously, we have developed dextran-based hydrogels that form under physiological conditions via a Michael-type addition reaction. Hydrogels can be formed ...
Hu Bin - - 2010
Direct intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been proposed as a potential cell therapy for cartilage defects. This cell therapy relies on the survival of the implanted MSCs. However, the arduous local environment may limit cell viability after implantation, which would restrict the cells' regenerative capacity. Thus, it ...
Buxboim Amnon - - 2010
Cellular organization within a multicellular organism requires that a cell assess its relative location, taking in multiple cues from its microenvironment. Given that the extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of the most abundant proteins in animals and contributes both structure and elasticity to tissues, ECM probably provides key physical cues to ...
Messenger Michael P - - 2010
The following in vitro translational study investigated whether enamel matrix derivative (EMD), an approved biomimetic treatment for periodontal disease (Emdogain) and hard-to-heal wounds (Xelma), enhanced synovial cell colonization and protein synthesis around a scaffold used clinically for in situ tissue engineering of the torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Synovial cells ...
Landini Gabriel G Oral Pathology Unit, School of Dentistry, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, St. Chad's Queensway, Birmingham B4 6NN, UK. - - 2010
To explore tissue organization based on the geometry of cell neighborhoods in histologic preparations. Local complexity of solid tissues was measured in images of discrete tissue compartments. Exclusive areas associated with cell nuclei (v-cells) were computed using a watershed transform of the nuclear staining intensity. Mathematical morphology was used to ...
Du Jian J Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, - - 2010
Carbohydrates are integral components of the stem cell niche on several levels; proteoglycans are a major constituent of the extracellular matrix (ECM) surrounding a cell, glycosoaminoglycans (GAGs) help link cells to the ECM and the neighboring cells, and small but informationally-rich oligosaccharides provide a "sugar code" that identifies each cell ...
Kurpinski Kyle T KT Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley and University of California, San Francisco, USA; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, - - 2010
Biodegradable nanofibers simulate the fibril structure of natural extracellular matrix, and provide a cell-friendly microenvironment for tissue regeneration. However, the effects of nanofiber organization and immobilized biochemical factors on cell infiltration into three-dimensional scaffolds are not well understood. For example, cell infiltration into an electrospun nanofibrous matrix is often limited ...
Moon SangJun S Center for Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Cambridge, MA, - - 2010
The ability to bioengineer three-dimensional (3D) tissues is a potentially powerful approach to treat diverse diseases such as cancer, loss of tissue function, or organ failure. Traditional tissue engineering methods, however, face challenges in fabricating 3D tissue constructs that resemble the native tissue microvasculature and microarchitectures. We have developed a ...
Zakharova Liudmila - - 2010
Cell-based therapy for myocardial infarction (MI) holds great promise; however, the ideal cell type and delivery system have not been established. Obstacles in the field are the massive cell death after direct injection and the small percentage of surviving cells differentiating into cardiomyocytes. To overcome these challenges we designed a ...
Mariman Edwin C M - - 2010
The central role of the adipose tissue in lipid metabolism places specific demands on the cell structure of adipocytes. The protein composition and dynamics of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is of crucial importance for the functioning of those cells. Adipogenesis is a bi-phasic process in which the ECM develops from ...
Mishima Toshiaki - - 2010
Tumor cells can migrate in 3D matrices in either a mesenchymal-like or amoeboid mode. HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells cultured in 3D collagen gels change their morphology from mesenchymal-like (elongated) to amoeboid (round) following protease inhibitor (PI) treatment or active Rho or ROCK expression. In this study, we examined the role of ...
Palmiero Carmela - - 2010
Tissue-engineered constructs can be fabricated by the assembly of smaller building blocks in order to mimic much of the native biology that is often made from repeating functional units. Our aim was to realize a three-dimensional (3-D) tissue-like construct in vitro by inducing the assembly of functional micrometric tissue precursors ...
Yan Karen Chang - - 2010
One of the major challenges in scaffold guided regenerative therapies is identifying the essential cues such as mechanical forces that induce cellular responses to form functional tissue. Developing multi-scale modelling methods would facilitate in predicting responses of encapsulated cells for controlling and maintaining the cell phenotype in an engineered tissue ...
Shachaf Yonatan - - 2010
Our research is focused on the design of hydrogel biomaterials that can be used for 3-D cell encapsulation and tissue engineering. In this study, our goal was to engineer a temperature-responsive biomaterial to possess bioactive properties using polymer and protein chemistry, and at the same time provide the biomaterial with ...
Tonomura Akiko - - 2010
The effect of scaffold shape on dentin regeneration is not well understood. In this study, porous hydroxyapatite/beta-tricalcium phosphate (HAp/beta-TCP), powdered HAp/beta-TCP, and polyglycolic acid (PGA) fiber mesh were used as scaffolds and transplanted with cultured porcine dental pulp-derived cells into the backs of nude mice. Samples were harvested after 6 ...
Tan Mei Lin - - 2010
We demonstrate that Dz13, a DNA enzyme that cleaves c-Jun mRNA, and is capable of inhibiting cancer cell growth in vitro, can be encapsulated into chitosan nanoparticles. For optimisation of this chitosan-based formulation, pH 6, 0.02% chitosan concentration, and 55 degrees C were found to be best among the variables ...
Khan Ferdous - - 2010
A combination of high-throughput material formulation and microarray techniques were synergistically applied for the efficient analysis of the biological functionality of 135 binary polymer blends. This allowed the identification of cell-compatible biopolymers permissive for human skeletal stem cell growth in both in vitro and in vivo applications. The blended polymeric ...
Stops A J F - - 2010
Artificial tissue growth requires cells to proliferate and differentiate within the host scaffold. As cell function is governed by mechano-sensitive selection, tissue type is influenced by the microscopic forces exposed to the cells, which is a product of macroscopically straining the scaffold. Accordingly, the microscopic strain environment within a CG ...
Gallego-Perez Daniel - - 2010
Guided assembly of microscale tissue subunits (i.e. 3D cell clusters/aggregates) has found applications in cell therapy/tissue engineering, cell and developmental biology, and drug discovery. As cluster size and geometry are known to influence cellular responses, the ability to spatially control cluster formation in a high throughput manner could be advantageous ...
Kroon Martin - - 2010
The biomechanical behaviour of biological cells is of great importance in many physiological processes. One such process is the maintenance of fibrous networks, such as collagenous tissues. The activity of the fibre-producing cells in this type of tissue is very important, and a comprehensive material description needs to incorporate the ...
Guarnieri D - - 2010
Understanding the influence of a controlled spatial distribution of biological cues on cell activities can be useful to design "cell instructive" materials, able to control and guide the formation of engineered tissues in vivo and in vitro. To this purpose, biochemical and mechanical properties of the resulting biomaterial must be ...
Jung Youngmee - - 2010
For repairing cartilage defects by cartilage tissue engineering, it is important that engineered cartilage that is fabricated with scaffolds and cells can maintain the biological and physiological functions of cartilage, and also can induce three-dimensional spatial organization of chondrocytes. In this sense, hydrogels such as fibrin gels (FG) and hyaluronan ...
Watsky Mitchell A - - 2010
Myofibroblasts are a differentiated cell type essential for wound healing, participating in tissue remodeling following insult. Myofibroblasts are typically activated fibroblasts, although they can also be derived from other cell types, including epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and mononuclear cells. In most organ systems, cell signals initiated following tissue-specific insult or ...
Johnson Taylor - - 2010
Tissue engineering holds great promise as an alternative strategy to current treatment modalities of diseased or otherwise failed tissues. Most strategies of tissue engineering rely on three-dimensional porous scaffolds to mimic the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) as templates onto which cells attach, multiply, migrate and function. When cells are harvested ...
Cheema U - - 2010
A major question in biomimetic tissue engineering is how much of the structure/function of native vasculature needs to be reproduced for effective tissue perfusion. O2 supplied to cells in 3D scaffolds in vitro is initially dependent upon diffusion through the scaffold and cell consumption. Low O2 (3%) enhances specific cell ...
Shen Yixin - - 2010
Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) is a potential treatment for spinal cord injury (SCI). However, this process lacks extracellular matrix guiding cell growth, tissue morphogenesis, and remodeling. In order to solve this problem, we fabricated silk fibroin scaffolds (SFS) with different fiber diameters by electrospinning. The behaviors of OECs ...
van Gaalen Steven M - - 2010
Most current methods for cell monitoring on 3D porous scaffolds involve end-stage investigation of scaffolds. Repeated measurements on scaffolds, without disturbing cell vitality and proliferation, are needed to relate in vitro to in vivo data. Alamar Blue was used for this purpose. Two different Ca/P scaffolds were studied, using rat ...
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