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Results 251 - 300 of 2625
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Tse Justin R - - 2010
The modulus of elasticity of the extracellular matrix (ECM), often referred to in a biological context as "stiffness," naturally varies within the body, e.g., hard bones and soft tissue. Moreover, it has been found to have a profound effect on the behavior of anchorage-dependent cells. The fabrication of matrix substrates ...
Zhang Kuihua - - 2010
Electrospinning offers an attractive opportunity for producing silk fibroin (SF) nano/micro fibrous scaffolds with potential for tissue regeneration and repair. Electrospun scaffolds of silk fibroin were fabricated as a biomimetic scaffold for tissue engineering. The morphology of the electrospun scaffolds was investigated with SEM and AFM. The SEM images indicated ...
Yin Bin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of nectin-like molecule 1 (NECL1) inhibiting the migration and invasion of U251 glioma cells. METHODS: We infected U251 glioma cells with adeno-nectin-like molecule 1 (Ad-NECL1) or empty adenovirus (Ad). Transwell and wound healing assays were performed to observe the migration of U251 cells incubated ...
Provenzano Paolo P PP Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, - - 2010
Cell invasion requires that cells navigate complex three-dimensional matrices in vivo. Topological cues are provided and three-dimensional cell migration and invasion facilitated by the alignment of collagen fibers proximal to tumors. In order to better understand the molecular mechanisms by which cells recognize and migrate along aligned matrices, in vitro ...
Steedman Mark R - - 2010
Due to the retina's inability to replace photoreceptors lost during retinal degeneration, significant interest has been placed in methods to implant replacement cells. Polymer scaffolds are increasingly being studied as vehicles for cellular delivery to degenerated retinas. Previously, we fabricated poly(methyl methacrylate) thin film scaffolds that increased survival and integration ...
Tuin Annemarie - - 2010
Microspheres (MSs) can function as multifunctional scaffolds in different approaches of tissue repair (TR), as a filler, a slow-release depot for growth factors, or a delivery vehicle for cells. Natural cell adhesion-supporting extracellular matrix components like gelatin are good materials for these purposes. Recombinant production of gelatin allows for on-demand ...
Oliveira J T - - 2010
Gellan gum is a polysaccharide manufactured by microbial fermentation of the Sphingomonas paucimobilis microorganism, being commonly used in the food and pharmaceutical industry. It can be dissolved in water, and when heated and mixed with mono or divalent cations, forms a gel upon lowering the temperature under mild conditions. In ...
Chieh Hsiao-Feng HF Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2010
A cell-collagen construct is commonly used to investigate the phenomenon of wound healing and to estimate the variables for tissue engineering. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of cell concentration and collagen concentration on the contraction kinetics and mechanical properties of bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) ...
Kubinová Sárka - - 2010
Nanotechnology offers promising perspectives in biomedical research as well as in clinical practice. To cover some of the latest nanotechnology trends in regenerative medicine, this review will focus on the use of nanomaterials for tissue engineering and cell therapy. Nanofibrous materials that mimic the native extracellular matrix and promote the ...
Goody Michelle F - - 2010
Cells and their surrounding extracellular matrix microenvironment interact throughout all stages of life. Understanding the continuously changing scope of cell-matrix interactions in vivo is crucial to garner insights into both congenital birth defects and disease progression. A current challenge in the field of developmental biology is to adapt in vitro ...
Belluoccio Daniele - - 2010
Axial growth of long bones occurs through a coordinated process of growth plate chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. This maturation of chondrocytes is reflected in a zonal change in gene expression and cell morphology from resting to proliferative, prehypertrophic, and hypertrophic chondrocytes of the growth plate followed by ossification. A major ...
Tajiri Reiko - - 2010
Animal body shape is framed by the skeleton, which is composed of extracellular matrix (ECM). Although how the body plan manifests in skeletal morphology has been studied intensively, cellular mechanisms that directly control skeletal ECM morphology remain elusive. In particular, how dynamic behaviors of ECM-secreting cells, such as shape changes ...
Jakab Karoly - - 2010
Biofabrication of living structures with desired topology and functionality requires the interdisciplinary effort of practitioners of the physical, life and engineering sciences. Such efforts are being undertaken in many laboratories around the world. Numerous approaches are pursued, such as those based on the use of natural or artificial scaffolds, decellularized ...
Jiang Tao - - 2010
Scaffolds exhibiting biological recognition and specificity play an important role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The bioactivity of scaffolds in turn influences, directs, or manipulates cellular responses. In this study, chitosan/poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (chitosan/PLAGA) sintered microsphere scaffolds were functionalized via heparin immobilization. Heparin was successfully immobilized on chitosan/PLAGA scaffolds ...
Wegiel Barbara - - 2010
Osteoporosis is a widespread problem afflicting millions of people. Drynol Cibotinis is a newly developed proprietary botanical combination of eight botanicals including Angelica sinensis, Glycine max, Wild yam, Ligustrum lucidum, Astragalus membranaceus, Cuscuta chinensis, Psoraleae corylifoliae, and Drynaria fortune. Each of the botanicals has been used in traditional Chinese medicine ...
Pulkkinen H J - - 2010
Our goal was to test the recombinant human type II collagen (rhCII) material as a gel-like scaffold for chondrocytes in a nude mouse model in vivo. Isolated bovine chondrocytes (6x10(6)) were seeded into rhCII gels (rhCII-cell) and injected subcutaneously into the backs of nude mice. For comparison, chondrocytes (6x10(6)) in ...
Zeyda Maximilian - - 2011
Accumulation of cytotoxic and T-helper (T(h))1 cells together with a loss of regulatory T cells in gonadal adipose tissue was recently shown to contribute to obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in mice. Human data on T-cell populations in obese adipose tissue and their potential functional relevance are very ...
Wang Y C - - 2010
Recently, there has been increasing interest in studying the interaction between mammalian cells and nanometer-sized structures. However, the effect of nanostructures on cell behavior, such as cell morphology and alignment, is still largely unknown. Inverse opal colloid crystal substrates, which can be stretched to produce nano-scale pore structures of different ...
Huang Chieh-Cheng - - 2010
Growing three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds that contain more than a few layers of seeded cells in vitro is crucial for the creation of thick and viable cardiac tissues in vivo. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have been used as an alternative cell source for cardiac repair; however, dissociated ESCs show poor viability ...
Al Kindi Adil H - - 2011
Objective: Previous regenerative studies have demonstrated massive cell losses after intramyocardial cellular delivery. Therefore, efforts at reducing mechanical losses may prove more successful in optimising cellular therapy. In this study, we hypothesized that escalating mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) dose will not produce corresponding improvement in cardiac function due to washout ...
Buxboim Amnon A Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2010
Tissue cells lack the ability to see or hear but have evolved mechanisms to feel into their surroundings and sense a collective stiffness. A cell can even sense the effective stiffness of rigid objects that are not in direct cellular contact - like the proverbial princess who feels a pea ...
Calve Sarah S Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Children's Memorial Research Center, 2300 Children's Plaza, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2010
Urodele amphibians regenerate appendages through the recruitment of progenitor cells into a blastema that rebuilds the lost tissue. Blastemal formation is accompanied by extensive remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Although this remodeling process is important for appendage regeneration, it is not known whether the remodeled matrix directly influences the generation ...
Xing Zhi-Cai - - 2010
Infections with bacteria have become a serious problem in joint arthroplasty. This study reports about in vitro antibacterial activity and in vitro cell compatibility of poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanofibers loaded with metallic silver particles of a size of 5-13 nm. In vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae was ...
Mortisen Derek - - 2010
Thermoreversible hydrogels are promising matrices for tissue-engineered cartilage and spine constructs. They require specific properties during all the stages of a cell therapy (e.g., cell expansion, recovery, injection, delivery). Thermoreversible hyaluronan-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (HA-PNIPAM) hydrogels with well-defined molecular architecture and properties were synthesized through RAFT polymerization and "click" chemistry. The effect of ...
Shepard Jaclyn A JA Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Tech E136, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2010
In regenerative medicine, hydrogels are employed to fill defects and support the infiltration of cells that can ultimately regenerate tissue. Gene delivery within hydrogels targeting infiltrating cells has the potential to promote tissue formation, but the delivery efficiency of non-viral vectors within hydrogels is low, hindering their applicability in tissue ...
Meunier Christophe F - - 2010
The encapsulation of living plant cells into materials could offer the possibility to develop new green biochemical technologies. With the view to designing new functional materials, the physiological activity and cellular response of entrapped cells within different silica-based matrices have been assessed. A fine-tuning of the surface chemistry of the ...
Lee Elaine L - - 2010
Cells implanted after injury may remodel undesirably with improper mechanical stimulation from surrounding tissue. Proper conditioning of tissue engineered constructs before implantation can lead to suitable tissue architectures, along with an extracellular matrix (ECM) environment that more closely mimics native tissue. Additionally, cell implantation without bulky polymeric scaffolding is often ...
Deshpande Pallavi - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the potential of electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide) membranes to provide a biodegradable cell carrier system for limbal epithelial cells. MATERIAL & METHODS: 50:50 poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds were spun, sterilized and seeded with primary rabbit limbal epithelial cells. Cells were cultured on the scaffolds for 2 weeks and then examined by ...
Haberstroh Kathrin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the osteogenic effect of three different cell-seeded 3D-bioplotted scaffolds in a ovine calvarial critical-size defect model. The choice of scaffold-materials was based on their applicability for 3D-bioplotting and respective possibility to produce tailor-made scaffolds for the use in cranio-facial surgery for the ...
Herath H M Thushari U HM Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri - - 2010
Hydroxyapatite (HA) lattices were made by extrusion freeforming, a rapid prototyping process, and sintered to produce hard tissue scaffolds for bone regeneration. These highly reticulated lattice structures can be built directly from a computer design file which decides and controls their macroscopic shape, pore structure and size distribution. They are ...
Wang Junping - - 2010
Polymeric nanofiber matrices have already been widely used in tissue engineering. However, the fabrication of nanofibers into complex three-dimensional (3D) structures is restricted due to current manufacturing techniques. To overcome this limitation, we have incorporated nanofibers onto spiral-structured 3D scaffolds made of poly (epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL). The spiral structure with open ...
Ichinohe Norihisa - - 2010
The objective of this study is to investigate the attachment, osteogenic differentiation, and collagen matrix secretion of rat bone marrow stromal cells (MSC) and MC3T3-E1 cells on the biological apatite (Ap) with different crystalline facets. The Ap samples with a-facet and c-facet surfaces were prepared by cutting the heat-treated cortical ...
Buckley Conor Timothy - - 2010
Tissue-engineering scaffold-based strategies have suffered from limited cell depth viability when cultured in vitro, with viable cells existing within the outer periphery of the fluid-scaffold interface. This is primarily believed to be due to the lack of nutrient delivery into and waste removal from the inner regions of the scaffold ...
Berdiaki Aikaterini - - 2010
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) strongly stimulates hyaluronan (HA) synthesis and secretion of both normal and carcinogenic cells of the osteoblastic lineage and improves skeletal microarchitecture. HA, a glycosaminoglycan component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is capable of transmitting ECM-derived signals to regulate cellular function. In this study, we investigated whether the ...
Watanabe Takuya - - 2010
Activated nucleus pulposus (NP) cells can be reinserted into the disc to inhibit intervertebral disc degeneration. Experimental studies in animals showed that using a coculture system with direct cell-to-cell contact with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) significantly upregulated the biological activity of NP cells. The purpose of this study is to ...
Roth Christopher C - - 2010
The use of tissue engineering to develop new urinary bladder could have direct impact on children suffering from congenital bladder dysfunction. Current bladder tissue engineering protocols rely on scaffolds to support the ingrowth of new cells and the subsequent development of new tissues. The interaction between cells and scaffolds is ...
Kang Lifeng L Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
Cell patterning is useful for a variety of biological applications such as tissue engineering and drug discovery. In particular, the ability to localize cells within distinct fluids is beneficial for a variety of applications ranging from microencapsulation to high-throughput analysis. However, despite much progress, cell immobilization and maintenance within patterned ...
Hughes Chris S - - 2010
Numerous cell types require a surface for attachment to grow and proliferate. Certain cells, particularly primary and stem cells, necessitate the use of specialized growth matrices along with specific culture media conditions to maintain the cells in an undifferentiated state. A gelatinous protein mixture derived from mouse tumor cells and ...
Noh Moon Jong - - 2010
BACKGROUND AIMS: The aim was to evaluate cartilage regeneration in animal models involving induced knee joint damage. Through cell-mediated gene therapy methods, a cell mixture comprising a 3:1 ratio of genetically unmodified human chondrocytes and transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta1)-secreting human chondrocytes (TG-C), generated via retroviral transduction, resulted in successful ...
Park Jae Hong JH Department of Medicine, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 65 Landsdowne Street, Rm 265, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2010
In this article, we describe an approach to generate microporous cell-laden hydrogels for fabricating biomimetic tissue engineered constructs. Micropores at different length scales were fabricated in cell-laden hydrogels by micromolding fluidic channels and leaching sucrose crystals. Microengineered channels were created within cell-laden hydrogel precursors containing agarose solution mixed with sucrose ...
Mastrangelo Ashley N AN Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Enders 1020, 300 Longwood Avenue, Children's Hospital, Boston, Boston, Machusetts 02115, - - 2010
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are an important clinical problem, particularly for adolescent patients. The effect of skeletal maturity on the potential for ACL healing is as yet unknown. In this study, we hypothesized that fibroblastic cells from the ACLs of skeletally immature animals would proliferate and migrate more quickly ...
Xu Wei W Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2010
A novel contact printing method utilizing a sacrificial layer of polyacrylic acid (PAA) was developed to selectively modify the upper surfaces of arrayed microstructures. The method was characterized by printing polystyrene onto SU-8 microstructures to create an improved substrate for a cell-based microarray platform. Experiments measuring cell growth on SU-8 ...
Nichol Jason W JW Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 65 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2010
The cellular microenvironment plays an integral role in improving the function of microengineered tissues. Control of the microarchitecture in engineered tissues can be achieved through photopatterning of cell-laden hydrogels. However, despite high pattern fidelity of photopolymerizable hydrogels, many such materials are not cell-responsive and have limited biodegradability. Here, we demonstrate ...
Zamanian Behnam B Center for Biomedical Engineering Department of Medicine Brigham and Women's Hospital Harvard Medical School 65 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2010
Cell-laden hydrogels show great promise for creating engineered tissues. However, a major shortcoming with these systems has been the inability to fabricate structures with controlled micrometer-scale features on a biologically relevant length scale. In this Full Paper, a rapid method is demonstrated for creating centimeter-scale, cell-laden hydrogels through the assembly ...
Lim Jin Soo - - 2010
In this study, the authors investigated the effects of adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) and of their extract on wound healing. After creating wound healing splint model on the backs of mice, ADSCs and their extract were applied. Wound healing rates were calculated at 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days ...
Lopez-Garcia M D C - - 2010
An effort to understand the development of breast cancer motivates the study of mammary gland cells and their interactions with the extracellular matrix. A mixture of mammary gland epithelial cells (normal murine mammary gland), collagen, and fluorescent beads was loaded into microchannels and observed via four-dimensional imaging. Collagen concentrations of ...
Yang L - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are important in periodontal reconstruction. However, their synergistic effect in periodontal regeneration by gene delivery has not been reported. In this study, gene delivery of these two growth factors to human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) was examined for ...
Bérubé Kelly - - 2010
Scientists routinely work within the three R's principles of 'Reduction, Refinement and Replacement' of animal experiments. Accordingly, viable alternatives are regularly developed, and in the specific case of the human lung, in vitro models for inhalation toxicology that mimic in vivo toxic events that may occur in the human lung, ...
Nöth Ulrich - - 2010
The last decade has witnessed the development of cell-based therapy as a major biomedical research area, including the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. Both differentiated and undifferentiated stem cells have been used as starting cell sources. In particular, the use of multipotent adult mesenchymal stem cells holds great promise for future ...
Liu Chaozong - - 2010
Both physical and chemical crosslinking methods have been shown to be effective in improving the biological stability and mechanical properties of porous collagen scaffolds. However, the wetting of the collagen fibril surface by a culture medium is reduced and it is difficult for the medium to diffuse into the 3D ...
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