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Results 201 - 250 of 2623
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Chen Feng - - 2010
The scaffold protein IQGAP1 shows elevated levels in several cancer types, but its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma is unknown. We found that 58% of human hepatocellular carcinoma tissue samples had increased IQGAP1 expression compared to adjacent normal tissue. Overexpressing IQGAP1 raised the in vivo tumorigenicity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and ...
Sasaki Jun - - 2011
Here, we report the behavior of three kinds of human cancer cell lines (Caco-2, MCF-7, HT-1080) on type I collagen substrates, which are in two-dimensional coated collagen or three-dimensional fibrils form. All tested cells on coated collagen adhered and proliferated. However, in the case of collagen fibrils, the proliferation of ...
Ingram Gwyneth Christina - - 2010
The formation of viable angiosperm seeds involves the co-ordinated growth and development of three genetically distinct organisms, the maternally derived seed coat and the zygotic embryo and endosperm. The physical relationships of these tissues are initially established during the specification and differentiation of the female gametophyte within the tissues of ...
Führmann Tobias - - 2010
In the present in vitro study, the axon growth promoting effects of human neural progenitor-derived astrocytes (hNP-AC) were investigated in simple 2D- as well as in more complex 3D-culture systems. The interactions of the hNP-AC with migrating Schwann cells and fibroblasts were also studied. hNP-AC were found to promote extensive ...
Soucy Patricia A - - 2011
The mechanical properties of the extracellular microenvironment regulate cell behavior, including migration, proliferation and morphogenesis. Although the elastic moduli of synthetic materials have been studied, little is known about the properties of naturally produced extracellular matrix. Here we have utilized atomic force microscopy to characterize the microelastic properties of decellularized ...
Kaji Hirokazu - - 2011
Inside the body, cells lie in direct contact or in close proximity to other cell types in a tightly controlled architecture that often regulates the resulting tissue function. Therefore, tissue engineering constructs that aim to reproduce the architecture and the geometry of tissues will benefit from methods of controlling cell-cell ...
Alhag Mohamed - - 2011
Tissue engineering using cell-seeded biodegradable scaffolds offers a new bone regenerative approach that might circumvent many of the limitations of current therapeutic modalities. The aim of this experiment was to study the early healing events around mesenchymal stem cell-seeded collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffolds. The 5-mm critical size defects were created in the ...
Washio Kaoru - - 2010
Periodontal-ligament-derived cells (PDL cells) have stem-cell-like properties and, when implanted into periodontal defects in vivo, can induce periodontal regeneration including the formation of new bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament. We have previously demonstrated that PDL cell sheets, harvested from temperature-responsive cell culture dishes, have a great potential for periodontal regeneration. ...
DeKosky Brandon J - - 2010
A new method for encapsulating cells in interpenetrating network (IPN) hydrogels of superior mechanical integrity was developed. In this study, two biocompatible materials-agarose and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) diacrylate-were combined to create a new IPN hydrogel with greatly enhanced mechanical performance. Unconfined compression of hydrogel samples revealed that the IPN displayed ...
Huang Jyun-Yuan - - 2010
Dense accumulations of T cells are often found in peritumoral areas, which reduce the efficiency of contact-dependent lysis of tumor cells. We demonstrate in this study that the extracellular matrix (ECM) produced by tumors can directly regulate T cell migration. The transmigration rate of several T cells including peripheral blood ...
Stevenson Mark D - - 2010
Cell-mediated compaction of the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a critical role in tissue engineering, wound healing, embryonic development, and many disease states. The ECM is compacted as a result of cellular traction forces. We hypothesize that a cell mechanically remodels the nearby ECM until some target conditions are obtained, and ...
Lee Sun-Kyung - - 2010
Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are an interesting class of bone substitute materials. However, the biological effects of CPCs have not been well studied in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of CPCs on the mechanical properties, growth, and odontoblastic differentiation in ...
Chan Vincent - - 2010
Cell-encapsulated hydrogels with complex three-dimensional (3D) structures were fabricated from photopolymerizable poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) using modified 'top-down' and 'bottoms-up' versions of a commercially available stereolithography apparatus (SLA). Swelling and mechanical properties were measured for PEGDA hydrogels with molecular weights (M(w)) ranging from 700 to 10 000 Daltons (Da). Long-term ...
Hee Hwan Tak - - 2010
Intervertebral disc (IVD) cells exhibit diverse biologic responses to compressive stress depending on the compressive stress type, magnitude, duration, and anatomic zone of IVD cell origin. The previous studies mainly focused on the effects of compressive stress on animal IVD tissue. Few studies have investigated the response of human IVD ...
Guillotin Bertrand - - 2010
Over this decade, cell printing strategy has emerged as one of the promising approaches to organize cells in two and three dimensional engineered tissues. High resolution and high speed organization of cells are some of the key requirements for the successful fabrication of cell-containing two or three dimensional constructs. So ...
Beachley Vince - - 2010
Extracellular matrix fibers (ECM) such as collagen, elastin, and keratin provide biological and physical support for cell attachment, proliferation, migration, differentiation and ultimately cell fate. Therefore, ECM fibers are an important component in tissue and organ development and regeneration. Meanwhile, polymer nanofibers could play the same critical role in tissue ...
Poon Yin Fun - - 2010
Ultraviolet (UV) photo-cross-linkable hydrogels have been commonly used for three-dimensional (3D) encapsulation of cells. Previous UV cross-linkable hydrogels have employed one-shot hardening of mixtures of hydrogels and cells. Here we propose an alternative method of making hydrogel-encapsulated cell constructs through layer by layer (LBL) buildup of alternating layers of cells ...
Park Jin-Kyu - - 2010
The present report describes a case of fibroma with osseous metaplasia of the external auditory canal in a 7-year-old male Pomeranian dog. Upon otoscopic examination, the right external auditory canal was almost completely obstructed by a well-circumscribed mass adjacent to the eardrum. The mass was surgically excised. Grossly, it was ...
Feng Chao - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of biomaterials, including bladder submucosa (BAMG), small intestinal submucosa (SIS), acellular corpus spongiosum matrix (ACSM), and polyglycolic acid (PGA), to identify the optimal scaffold for urethral tissue engineering. Tensile mechanical testing was conducted to evaluate mechanical properties ...
Aimetti M - - 2010
Connective tissue grafts are routinely procedures in the treatment of gingival defects. The clinical success of the gingival tissue graft procedures anyway should ensure not only the aesthetic integration between the tissues but also the physiological activity of the graft in terms of sensitivity and immunity because the skin and ...
Zhou Jin - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have the potential to develop into any type of tissue and are considered as a promising source of seeding cells for tissue engineering and transplantation therapy. The main catalyst for ES cells differentiation is the growth into embryoid bodies (EBs), which are utilized widely as the ...
Moon Hong Joo - - 2010
Notochordal cells in the intervertebral disc interact with nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and support the maintenance of disc homeostasis by regulation of matrix production. However, the influence of notochordal cells has not been evaluated in the annulus fibrosus (AF), which is the primary pain generator in the disc. We hypothesized ...
Murphy Ciara M - - 2010
Mean pore size is an essential aspect of scaffolds for tissue-engineering. If pores are too small cells cannot migrate in towards the center of the construct limiting the diffusion of nutrients and removal of waste products. Conversely, if pores are too large there is a decrease in specific surface area ...
Duan Bin - - 2010
Bionanocomposites formed by combining biodegradable polymers and nanosized osteoconductive inorganic solids have been regarded as promising biomimetic systems which possess much improved structural and functional properties for bone tissue regeneration. In this study three-dimensional nanocomposite scaffolds based on calcium phosphate (Ca-P)/poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHAp)/poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanocomposite microspheres ...
Ma Junyu - - 2011
The fibrillar structure and sub-micron diameter of electrospun nanofibers can be used to reproduce the morphology and structure of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of fiber alignment on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal (BMS) cells. Random and aligned poly(L-lactide) ...
Kwok Jessica C F - - 2010
We have previously shown that all perineuronal nets (PNNs) bearing neurons express a hyaluronan synthase (HAS), a link protein (usually cartilage link protein-1; Crtl1) and a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (usually aggrecan). Animal lacking Crtl1 in the CNS lacks normal PNNs. PNNs are implicated in the control of neuronal plasticity, and ...
Song Yulin - - 2011
We designed nanofibrous hydrogels as 2-D and 3-D scaffolds for anchorage-dependent cells. The IKVAV-containing peptide amphiphile molecules spontaneously self-assembled into higher-order nanofiber hydrogels under cell-containing media. Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) were incubated in peptide-based hydrogels. Effects of self-assembling hydrogels on survival and neural differentiation of NPCs were observed. Peptide was ...
Sodha Sonal - - 2011
Retinal degenerations are the leading cause of irreversible visual disability among the adult population. Stem-cell-based therapy has the potential to preserve and restore vision in these conditions. In addition to replacing lost or diseased cells, transplanted cells may be able to rescue dying photoreceptors of the host retina. To fully ...
Wong J K F JK Plastic Surgery Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Trauma by suturing tendon form areas devoid of cells termed "acellular zones" in the matrix. This study aimed to characterise the cellular insult of suturing and acellular zone formation in mouse tendon. Acellular zone formation was evaluated using single grasping sutures placed using flexor tendons with time lapse cell viability ...
Sharifpoor Soroor - - 2010
High porosity and pore interconnectivity are important features of a successful tissue engineering scaffold. The objective of this work was to optimize the pore interconnectivity and to increase the porosity of an elastomeric degradable/polar/hydrophobic/ionic (D-PHI) polyurethane porous scaffold while maintaining its mechanical integrity in order to allow for the transfer ...
Yu Jiashing - - 2010
The combination of scaffold material and cell transplantation therapy has been extensively investigated in cardiac tissue engineering. However, many polymers are difficult to administer or lack the structural integrity to restore LV function. Additionally, polymers need to be biological friendly, favorably influence the microenvironment and increase stem cell retention and ...
Medina Abelardo - - 2010
Fibroblasts play a pivotal role in wound healing process participating in both tissue fibrosis and remodeling. However, it remains unclear which factors activate such diversity of fibroblast responses and how this decision-making process is made. Previous reports have demonstrated that wound milieu stimulates the transformation of circulating precursor cells into ...
Fukuhara Gaku - - 2010
A series of anthracenecarboxylate(AC)-appended 2,3-di-O-methylcelluloses (AC-Cells) of varying degrees of substitution (DS) were synthesized to examine their photochirogenic behavior under a variety of conditions. The product distribution and enantiomeric excess of the cyclodimers obtained upon photoirradiation and the subsequent saponification were critical functions of the DS and conversion, for which ...
Majani Ruby - - 2010
The use of cell sheets for tissue engineering applications has considerable advantages over single cell seeding techniques. So far, only thermoresponsive surfaces have been used to manufacture cell sheets without chemically disrupting the cell-surface interactions. Here, we present a new and facile technique to prepare sheets of epithelial cells using ...
Dutta Ranjna C - - 2010
Tissue regeneration and cell therapy have an enormous potential in healthcare through the creation of artificial human tissues and organs. The possibility of producing functional replica of tissues and organs can offer a common, solitary solution for various kinds of inflictions. It can also provide an ultimate test model for ...
Chung Woo-Jae - - 2010
Designing biomimetic matrices with precisely controlled structural organization that provides biochemical and physical cues to regulate cell behavior is critical for the development of tissue-regenerating materials. We have developed novel liquid-crystalline film matrices made from genetically engineered M13 bacteriophages (viruses) that exhibit the ability to control and guide cell behavior ...
Neumann Elena - - 2010
Cell migration is a central part of physiological and pathophysiological processes including wound healing, immune defense, matrix remodeling and organ homeostasis. Different cell types have migratory potential including cells of the immune system and cells required in wound healing and tissue repair. These cells migrate locally through the tissue to ...
Shao Hung-Jen - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the phenotypic responses of human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) cells on two biodegradable materials: poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and chitosan. ACL cells cultured on PCL displayed phenotypes that were well spread with a developed cytoskeleton. In comparison, chitosan was not an appropriate substrate to ...
Quesenberry Peter J - - 2010
Cell phenotype alteration by cell-derived vesicles presents a new aspect for consideration of cell fate. Accumulating data indicates that vesicles from many cells interact with or enter different target cells from other tissues, altering their phenotype toward that of the cell releasing the vesicles. Cells may be changed by direct ...
Ma David Hui-Kang - - 2010
In ophthalmic tissue engineering, amniotic membrane (AM) is one of the most prevalent natural matrices used for limbal epithelial cell (LEC) cultivation and transplantation. However, the application of AM as a scaffold is limited by its low biomechanical strength and rapid biodegradation. The present study reports the development of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl ...
Keogh Michael B - - 2010
Anchorage-dependent cells respond to the mechanical and physical properties of biomaterials. One such cue is the mechanical stiffness of a material. We compared the osteogenic potential of collagen-glycosaminoglycan (CG) scaffolds with varying stiffness for up to 6 weeks in culture. The mechanical stiffness of CG scaffolds were varied by cross-linking ...
Tuin Annemarie - - 2010
Microspheres (MSs) can function as multifunctional scaffolds in different approaches of tissue repair (TR), as a filler, a slow-release depot for growth factors, or a delivery vehicle for cells. Natural cell adhesion-supporting extracellular matrix components like gelatin are good materials for these purposes. Recombinant production of gelatin allows for on-demand ...
Zhang Kuihua - - 2010
Electrospinning offers an attractive opportunity for producing silk fibroin (SF) nano/micro fibrous scaffolds with potential for tissue regeneration and repair. Electrospun scaffolds of silk fibroin were fabricated as a biomimetic scaffold for tissue engineering. The morphology of the electrospun scaffolds was investigated with SEM and AFM. The SEM images indicated ...
Oliveira J T - - 2010
Gellan gum is a polysaccharide manufactured by microbial fermentation of the Sphingomonas paucimobilis microorganism, being commonly used in the food and pharmaceutical industry. It can be dissolved in water, and when heated and mixed with mono or divalent cations, forms a gel upon lowering the temperature under mild conditions. In ...
Tajiri Reiko - - 2010
Animal body shape is framed by the skeleton, which is composed of extracellular matrix (ECM). Although how the body plan manifests in skeletal morphology has been studied intensively, cellular mechanisms that directly control skeletal ECM morphology remain elusive. In particular, how dynamic behaviors of ECM-secreting cells, such as shape changes ...
Guimarães Ana - - 2010
AIM: Utilize the dual composition strategy to increase the pore size and solve the low cell infiltration capacity on random nanofiber meshes, an intrinsic limitation of electrospun scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. MATERIALS & METHODS: Polycaprolactone and poly(ethylene oxide) solutions were electrospun simultaneously to obtain a dual composition nanofiber mesh. ...
Goubko Catherine A - - 2010
As we aim towards enhancing our knowledge of complex cell behaviors and developing intricate cell-based devices and improved therapeutics, it becomes imperative that we be able to control and manipulate the spatial localization of cells. Here we have developed a novel strategy to pattern cells using a hyaluronic acid hydrogel ...
Tse Justin R - - 2010
The modulus of elasticity of the extracellular matrix (ECM), often referred to in a biological context as "stiffness," naturally varies within the body, e.g., hard bones and soft tissue. Moreover, it has been found to have a profound effect on the behavior of anchorage-dependent cells. The fabrication of matrix substrates ...
Kommareddy Krishna P - - 2010
Bone regeneration is controlled by a variety of biochemical, biomechanical, cellular, and hormonal mechanisms. In particular, physical properties of the substrate such as stiffness and architecture highly influence the proliferation and differentiation of cells. The aim of this work is to understand the influence of scaffold stiffness and cell seeding ...
Jiang Tao - - 2010
Scaffolds exhibiting biological recognition and specificity play an important role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The bioactivity of scaffolds in turn influences, directs, or manipulates cellular responses. In this study, chitosan/poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (chitosan/PLAGA) sintered microsphere scaffolds were functionalized via heparin immobilization. Heparin was successfully immobilized on chitosan/PLAGA scaffolds ...
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