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Shokrgozar M A - - 2010
Biocompatibility of β-TCP/HDPE-UHMWPE nanocomposite as a new bone substitute material was evaluated by using highly purified human osteoblast cells. Human osteoblast cells were isolated from bone tissue and characterized by immunofluorescence Staining before and after purification using magnetic bead system. Moreover, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase production, cell attachment, calcium deposition, gene ...
Garvin Kelley A KA Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14527, - - 2010
Tissue engineering holds great potential for saving the lives of thousands of organ transplant patients who die each year while waiting for donor organs. However, to successfully fabricate tissues and organs in vitro, methodologies that recreate appropriate extracellular microenvironments to promote tissue regeneration are needed. In this study, we have ...
Koch M A - - 2010
A promising approach to bone tissue engineering lies in the use of perfusion bioreactors where cells are seeded and cultured on scaffolds under conditions of enhanced nutrient supply and removal of metabolic products. Fluid flow alterations can stimulate cell activity, making the engineering of tissue more efficient. Most bioreactor systems ...
Rifkin Daniel B - - 2010
The demonstration that fibrillin-1 mutations perturb transforming growth factor (TGF)-β bioavailability/signaling in Marfan syndrome (MFS) changed the view of the extracellular matrix as a passive structural support to a dynamic modulator of cell behavior. In this issue, Nistala et al. (2010. J. Cell Biol. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201003089) advance this concept by ...
Amini Samira - - 2010
The mechanisms by which mechanical loading may alter bone development within growth plates are still poorly understood. However, several growth plate cell or tissue morphological parameters are associated with both normal and mechanically modulated bone growth rates. The aim of this study was to quantify in situ the three-dimensional morphology ...
Saha Sushmita - - 2010
Cartilage tissue engineering is still a major clinical challenge with optimisation of a suitable source of cells for cartilage repair/regeneration not yet fully addressed. The aims of this study were to compare and contrast the differences in chondrogenic behaviour between human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSCs), human neonatal and adult ...
Owen Shawn C - - 2010
A detailed understanding of the biophysical features that affect cell growth and development is important in guiding the design of biomimetic scaffolds. The cellular microenvironment is a network of structural and functional components that provide mechanical and chemical stimuli, which influence cell function and fate. Important developmental signals are conveyed ...
Singh Deepti - - 2011
Tissue-engineering constructs should be designed to mimic the native tissue environment for cells, the scaffold matching to stiffness and strength of the tissues while maintaining an interconnected porous network and a reasonable porosity. This study presents a new single-step protocol for synthesis of a poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate-gelatin (HPG) macroporous ...
Gizdavic-Nikolaidis Marija - - 2010
Nanofibrous blends of HCl-doped poly(aniline-co-3-aminobenzoic acid) (3ABAPANI) copolymer and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were fabricated by electrospinning solutions of the polymers, in varying relative proportions, in dimethyl sulfoxide/tetrahydrofuran mixture. The morphology, mechanical and electrical properties of the nanofibers were characterized and an assessment of their bioactivity performed. To assess cell morphology ...
Guillame-Gentil Orane - - 2010
Cell fate is regulated by extracellular environmental signals. Receptor specific interaction of the cell with proteins, glycans, soluble factors as well as neighboring cells can steer cells towards proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis or migration. In this review, approaches to build cellular structures by engineering aspects of the extracellular environment are described. ...
Montzka Katrin - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The gold standard in the reconstruction of the defect urinary system is still the transplantation of autologous gastrointestinal segments although numerous different types of biomaterials (natural/synthetic) have been investigated as possible replacements. However, the ideal biomaterial is still not ...
Fitzpatrick Scott D SD School of Biomedical Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton ON, L8S - - 2010
We synthesized two thermoresponsive, bioactive cell scaffolds by decorating the backbone of type I bovine collagen with linear chains of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), with the ultimate aim of providing facile delivery via injection and support of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells into the back of the eye for the treatment of ...
Faustini Massimo - - 2010
The adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) represents a rich source of mesenchymal cells, potentially able to differentiate into adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteoblasts, myocytes, cardiomyocytes, hepatocytes, and neuronal, epithelial, and endothelial cells. These cells are ideal candidates for use in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, including gene therapy, and cell replacement cancer therapies. ...
Honda Michiyo - - 2010
A variety of calcium phosphates have been used for bone tissue-engineering applications. We developed porous hydroxyapatite (HAp) ceramics by firing green compacts consisting of spherical carbon beads and HAp fiber. The apatite-fiber scaffold (AFS) forms a three-dimensional network of fibers with two different pore sizes (micro- and macropores). In this ...
Vickers Scott M - - 2010
The formation of cartilaginous tissue by chondroprogenitor cells, whether in vivo or in vitro, appears to require a critical initial stage of "condensation" in which intercellular space is reduced through an aggregation of cells, leading to development of cell-to-cell junctions followed by chondrocytic differentiation. The objective of this study was ...
Yeh Yi-Chun - - 2010
Direct intramyocardial injection of the desired cell types in a dissociated form is a common route of cell transplantation for repair of damaged myocardium. However, following injection of dissociated cells, a massive loss of transplanted cells has been reported. In this study, human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) were used ...
Chan Wailen D - - 2010
Biomaterials used for tissue engineering scaffolds act as temporary substrates, on which cells deposit newly synthesized extracellular matrix. In cartilage tissue engineering, polycaprolactone/poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PCL/pHEMA) polymer blends have been used as scaffold materials, but their use in osseous tissue engineering has been more limited. The objective of this study was ...
Sarig-Nadir Offra - - 2010
Injured peripheral nerve tissue could benefit from biomaterial nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) that are designed to promote neuronal regeneration. Nerve regeneration is a complex multi-step process that involves the remodeling of the ECM surrounding the regenerating neural tissue. Hydrogel biomaterials have been used as provisional matrices to regulate this regeneration ...
Aubin Hug - - 2010
Organized cellular alignment is critical to controlling tissue microarchitecture and biological function. Although a multitude of techniques have been described to control cellular alignment in 2D, recapitulating the cellular alignment of highly organized native tissues in 3D engineered tissues remains a challenge. While cellular alignment in engineered tissues can be ...
Anglin Emily - - 2010
Cell microarrays can serve as high-throughput platforms for the screening of a diverse range of biologically active factors and biomaterials that can induce desired cellular responses such as attachment, proliferation, or differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that surface-engineered microarrays can be used for the screening and identification of factors that allow ...
Oliveira João T - - 2010
In this work, the ability of gellan gum hydrogels coupled with autologous cells to regenerate rabbit full-thickness articular cartilage defects was tested. Five study groups were defined: (a) gellan gum with encapsulated chondrogenic predifferentiated rabbit adipose stem cells (ASC + GF); (b) gellan gum with encapsulated nonchondrogenic predifferentiated rabbit adipose ...
Miron-Mendoza Miguel M Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd Dallas, TX 75390-9039, - - 2010
In three dimensional collagen matrices, cell motile activity results in collagen translocation, cell spreading and cell migration. Cells can penetrate into the matrix as well as spread and migrate along its surface. In the current studies, we quantitatively characterize collagen translocation, cell spreading and cell migration in relationship to collagen ...
Hwang Chang Mo CM Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 65 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2010
For tissue engineering applications, scaffolds should be porous to enable rapid nutrient and oxygen transfer while providing a three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment for the encapsulated cells. This dual characteristic can be achieved by fabrication of porous hydrogels that contain encapsulated cells. In this work, we developed a simple method that allows ...
Treharne Andrew J AJ School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, - - 2011
Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of blindness in the UK. Cellular replacement of retinal pigment epithelium cells is a potential therapeutic option to treat the cellular loss and dysfunction which is characteristic of age-related macular degeneration and other progressive retinopathies. A supportive scaffold, natural or artificial, may ...
Rincón Charlene - - 2010
The effect of doping P3OT with ferric chloride on the attachment and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts is reported. Cell density and area correlated strongly with doping concentration: cells were larger and exhibited better spreading as doping increased. Cells cultured on undoped P3OT showed a decrease in proliferation between 24 and ...
Walter C C Department of Oral- and Maxillofacial Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany. - - 2011
Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BP-ONJ) is a side effect in patients being treated with bisphosphonates. The bisphosphonates most often associated with BP-ONJ are the highly potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, e.g. pamidronate or zoledronate. In terms of BP-ONJ aetiology, several theories are being discussed: inhibition of bone remodelling, effect on soft ...
Brubaker Scott A - - 2010
Cell and tissue banking professionals in North America have long understood the value of labeling their allografts with descriptive names that make them easily recognized. They have also understood that advantages exist in possessing the capability to track them internally and externally to better understand tissue handling from donation through ...
Bodin Aase - - 2010
The objective of this study was to generate bacterial cellulose (BC) scaffolds seeded with human urine-derived stem cells (USC) to form a tissue-engineered conduit for use in urinary diversion. Microporous BC scaffolds were synthesized and USC were induced to differentiate into urothelial and smooth muscle cells (SMC). Induced USC (10(6) ...
Vorotnikova Ekaterina - - 2010
Most adult mammals heal without restorative replacement of lost tissue and instead form scar tissue at an injury site. One exception is the adult MRL/MpJ mouse that can regenerate ear and cardiac tissue after wounding with little evidence of scar tissue formation. Following production of a MRL mouse ear hole, ...
Xu Yan - - 2010
The biological performances of a cell-containing phospholipid polymer hydrogel in bulk and miniaturized formats without an additional culture medium support were investigated and compared. The cell-containing hydrogel was formed spontaneously when solutions of commercial polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and the phospholipid polymer poly[2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate (BMA)-co-p-vinylphenylboronic acid (VPBA)] (PMBV) suspended ...
Hsieh Chin-Hsiung - - 2011
In this work we have developed a strategy for cultivating dermal papilla (DP) cells to form multiple arrayed spheroidal microtissues for transplantation on a micropatterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) plate system. We also describe the behavior of dermal papilla cells on this platform and the spontaneous formation of ...
Wiens Matthias - - 2010
Biosilica is a natural polymer, synthesized by the poriferan enzyme silicatein from monomeric silicate substrates. Biosilica stimulates mineralizing activity and gene expression of SaOS-2 cells. To study its effect on the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA), SaOS-2 cells were grown on different silicatein/biosilica-modified substrates (bone slices, Ca-P-coated coverslips, glass coverslips). Growth ...
Zhang Yu Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130, - - 2010
Visualizing cells in three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds has been one of the major challenges in tissue engineering. Most current imaging modalities either suffer from poor penetration depth or require exogenous contrast agents. Here, we demonstrate photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) of the spatial distribution and temporal proliferation of cells inside three-dimensional porous scaffolds ...
Stojkovska Jasmina - - 2010
Alginate hydrogels in forms of discs and packed beds of microbeads (~800 μm) were tested in a novel bioreactor at 10% strain using two regimes: at a loading rate of 337.5 μm/s and at sequential increments of 50 μm displacement every 30 min. Compressive strength increased with the increase in ...
Sando Lillian - - 2011
Here we report the use of a facile photochemical crosslinking method to fabricate stable polymer matrices from unmodified gelatin and fibrinogen. Gels were produced by covalent crosslinking of the proteins in a rapid photo-oxidative process, catalysed by a ruthenium metal complex and irradiation with visible light. For generation of macroporous, ...
Castro-Sanchez Luis - - 2010
CD9 is a member of the tetraspanin family and is widely expressed in the plasma membrane of several cell types as well as malignant cells. CD9 associates with a number of transmembrane proteins, which facilitates biological processes, including cell signaling, adhesion, migration and proliferation. DDR1 is activated by native type ...
Impens Saartje - - 2010
The repair of large and complex bone defects could be helped by a cell-based bone tissue engineering strategy. A reliable and consistent cell-seeding methodology is a mandatory step in bringing bone tissue engineering into the clinic. However, optimization of the cell-seeding step is only relevant when it can be reliably ...
Lossdörfer Stefan - - 2011
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is widely accepted as an anabolic agent when administered intermittently. Here, we explored the influence of intermittent PTH(1-34) on the expression of local factors by human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells that modify osteoclast biology. This approach aimed at a further elucidation of the role of the hormone ...
Lee Chang H CH Columbia University Medical Center, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, New York, NY 10032, - - 2010
A common approach for tissue regeneration is cell delivery, for example by direct transplantation of stem or progenitor cells. An alternative, by recruitment of endogenous cells, needs experimental evidence. We tested the hypothesis that the articular surface of the synovial joint can regenerate with a biological cue spatially embedded in ...
Borden Bradley A BA Department of Bioengineering and Center for Controlled Chemical Delivery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84116, - - 2010
The concept of stem cells as a therapeutic agent has been gaining momentum. A common mode of administration of these cells is by direct injection into the target tissue. This can result in many of the cells being lost due to reflux from the injection site leading to a local ...
Yang Jing Jing - - 2010
Chondrocytes rapidly dedifferentiate into a more fibroblastic phenotype on a two-dimensional polystyrene substratum. This impedes fundamental research on these cells as well as their clinical application. This study investigated the redifferentiation behavior of dedifferentiated chondrocytes on a hydrogel substratum. Dedifferentiated normal human articular chondrocyte-knee (NHAC-kn) cells were released from the ...
Mutsuzaki Hirotaka - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate cellular responses and histological changes of cartilaginous layers in human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tibial insertions after rupture compared with those in normal insertions. Fully 16 tibial insertions of ruptured ACLs were obtained during primary ACL reconstructions. We also obtained 16 normal ...
Weber Christian - - 2010
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are a promising cell source for several applications of regenerative medicine. The cells employed are either autologous or allogenic; by using stem cell lines in particular, allogenic cells enable the production of therapeutic cell implants or tissue engineered implants in stock. For these purposes, the ...
Eitan Yuval - - 2010
We have developed an efficient decellularization process for the isolation of extracellular matrix (ECM) from native cardiac tissue. The isolated ECM exhibited desirable mechanical properties in terms of elasticity, strength and durability-properties required from scaffolds used for cardiac tissue repair. This study further investigates the potential use of this scaffold ...
Buyukhatipoglu Kivilcim - - 2010
Tissue engineering may require precise patterning and monitoring of cells and bioactive factors within the scaffold. We investigated a new hybrid nanobioprinting technique that facilitates manipulation and tracking of cells and bioactive factors within a three-dimensional tissue construct. This technique combines the initial patterning capabilities of syringe-based cell deposition with ...
Nakamura Shinya - - 2010
Apatite biomaterials have potential not only as cell vehicles for engineering bone tissue but also as regulators of calcium (Ca) concentration in situ for controlling osteoblast functions, for example, osteogenic differentiation and fate management of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). To design apatite materials having optimal chemical properties for the latter ...
Sasaki Jun-Ichi - - 2010
A morphologically controlled three-dimensional (3D) cell construct composed of only cells and having no scaffold material might be a valuable biologic material for tissue engineering applications, as the scaffold materials can cause delay of tissue regeneration in some conditions. To obtain such a 3D cell construct, a 3D thermoresponsive hydrogel ...
Kuwahara Kenrick - - 2010
In this study, we developed an injectable gelatin-transglutaminase (TGase) gel for cell delivery. The procedure provides a minimally invasive approach to deliver cells into tissue in a manner that improves localization. The results indicate gelatin-TGase to be noncytotoxic and to have adhesive properties that help localize and prevent the scattering ...
Skardal Aleksander A Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, 419 Wakara Way, Suite 205, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, - - 2010
Bioprinting enables deposition of cells and biomaterials into spatial orientations and complexities that mirror physiologically relevant geometries. To facilitate the development of bioartificial vessel-like grafts, two four-armed polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives with different PEG chain lengths, TetraPEG8 and TetraPEG13, were synthesized from tetrahedral pentaerythritol derivatives. The TetraPEGs are unique multi-armed ...
Skardal Aleksander A Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, - - 2010
Bioprinting by the codeposition of cells and biomaterials is constrained by the availability of printable materials. Herein we describe a novel macromonomer, a new two-step photocrosslinking strategy, and the use of a simple rapid prototyping system to print a proof-of-concept tubular construct. First, we synthesized the methacrylated ethanolamide derivative of ...
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