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Kosalec Ivan - - 2011
Tryptophol is an aromatic alcohol and secondary metabolite of the opportunistic fungus Candida albicans. Although its toxicity profile at cell level has been poorly investigated, recent data point to cytotoxic, cytostatic, and genotoxic effects in lymphocytes and the induction of apoptosis in leukaemic blood monocytes. In this pilot study we ...
Shimabukuro Yoshio - - 2011
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) regulates a variety of functions of the periodontal ligament (PDL) cell, which is a key player during tissue regeneration following periodontal tissue breakdown by periodontal disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of FGF-2 on the cell migration and related signaling pathways of MPDL22, a ...
Griffon Dominique J - - 2011
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer significant potential as a cell source in tissue-engineering applications because of their multipotent ability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the behaviour of MSCs during the seeding phase, using four different seeding techniques (spinner flask, custom vacuum system combined with a perfused bioreactor ...
Majore Ingrida - - 2011
Up to 2.8 × 10(7) fibroblast-like cells displaying an abundant presence of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) markers CD73, CD90, CD105 and a low level of HLA-I expression can be isolated from one whole human umbilical cord (UC) using a simple and highly reproducible explant culture approach. Cells derived from whole UC, similar ...
Lunov Oleg - - 2011
Tumor cell lines are often used as models for the study of nanoparticle-cell interactions. Here we demonstrate that carboxy (PS-COOH) and amino functionalized (PS-NH(2)) polystyrene nanoparticles of ∼100 nm in diameter are internalized by human macrophages, by undifferentiated and by PMA-differentiated monocytic THP-1 cells via diverse mechanisms. The uptake mechanisms ...
Li Qing - - 2011
Inflammatory cell infiltration plays a key role in the pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial damage in chronic renal diseases. In addition to secreting the profibrotic cytokines, monocytes themselves have been demonstrated to be directly associated with renal fibrogenesis. However, how infiltrating monocytes interact with resident cells and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. ...
Shaqireen Kwajah M M - - 2011
CD137L (4-1BBL) is a member of the TNFSF and is expressed on APCs as a transmembrane protein. Reverse signaling by CD137L in monocytes causes cell activation and differentiation to mature inflammatory DCs that can stimulate T cell proliferation. However, CD137L agonists have also been reported to induce apoptosis in PBMCs. ...
Kang Hee Jung - - 2011
Cytokine responses to microbes are triggered by pattern recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Cell wall-associated triacylated lipoproteins in Staphylococcus aureus are known to be native TLR2 ligands that mediate host inflammatory responses against S. aureus. However, the mechanism by which these lipidated lipoproteins, ...
Groebler Ludwig K - - 2011
Accumulating myoglobin (Mb) in the kidney following severe burns promotes oxidative damage and inflammation leading to acute renal failure. The potential for haem-iron to induce oxidative damage has prompted testing of iron chelators (e.g. desferrioxamine B (DFOB)) as renal protective agents. We compared the ability of DFOB and a DFOB-derivative ...
Sun Xiaochun - - 2011
In the present study, MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) were successfully isolated and identified from hUCC (human uterine cervix cancer) tissues. The morphological appearance, immunophenotype, growth curve, cell cycle, cytogenetic features and differentiation potential of these cells were investigated. Results showed that cells isolated from the uterine cervix cancer tissues displayed ...
Jeon Hojeong - - 2011
Contractility of cells in wound site is important to understand pathological wound healing and develop therapeutic strategies. In particular, contractile force generated by cells is a basic element for designing artificial three-dimensional cell culture scaffolds. Direct assessment of deformation of three-dimensional structured materials has been used to calculate contractile forces ...
Corstorphine Lindsay - - 2011
A major obstacle in tissue engineering is overcoming hypoxia in thick, three-dimensional (3D) engineered tissues, which is caused by the diffusional limitations of oxygen and lack of internal vasculature to facilitate mass transfer. Modular tissue engineering is a bio-mimetic strategy that forms scalable, vascularized and uniform 3D constructs by assembling ...
Meloni Maria Antonia MA Department of Physiological, Biochemical and Cellular Science, University of Sassari, Sassari, - - 2011
Certain functions of immune cells in returning astronauts are known to be altered. A dramatic depression of the mitogenic in vitro activation of human lymphocytes was observed in low gravity. T-cell activation requires the interaction of different type of immune cells as T-lymphocytes and monocytes. Cell motility based on a ...
Sheth Chirag C CC The Aberdeen Fungal Group, School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2011
The cell wall of the opportunistic human fungal pathogen, Candida albicans is a complex, layered network of rigid structural polysaccharides composed of β-glucans and chitin that is covered with a fibrillar matrix of highly glycosylated mannoproteins. Polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs, neutrophils) are the most prevalent circulating phagocytic leukocyte in peripheral blood ...
Xiong Sijing - - 2011
Poly-(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles have been widely studied for drug delivery. The aim of this study is to determine how cellular uptake of these nanoparticles is influenced by different surface properties, incubation time, particle concentration and cell types. Spherical coumarin-6 loaded PLGA nanoparticles with a size of about 100 nm were ...
Zwicker Jeffrey I - - 2011
Blood microparticles are vesicular structures with a diameter of 100 to 1000 nm that are present in the blood of normal subjects and in patients with various diseases. These microparticles are derived from cells that circulate in the blood and cells associated with the blood vessel wall. Microparticle membranes retain ...
Rondon Fernanda C M - - 2011
In South America, visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonosis caused by the protozoan species Leishmania infantum (syn. L. chagasi) and is primarily transmitted through the bite of the female Lutzomyia longipalpis. Its main reservoir in urban areas is the dog. The application of control measures recommended by health agencies have not ...
Hori Natsuki - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG1 mediates cholesterol efflux from macrophages, and prevents the progression of macrophage foam-cell formation. Much less is known about the regulatory mechanism of ABCG1, although its physiological importance is becoming clearer. Here, we show the role of calpain in ABCG1 degradation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Purified ...
Liebscher Thomas - - 2011
changes in cell density of endplate (EP), nucleus pulposus (NP), and anulus fibrosus (AF) during ageing were systematically investigated in defined regions of interest in complete human motion segments. to elucidate cell density and total cell number in distinct anatomic regions of the intervertebral disc; to test effects of gender, ...
Meyvantsson Ivar - - 2011
Multi-well assays based on the Boyden chamber have enabled highly parallel studies of chemotaxis-the directional migration of cells in response to molecular gradients-while direct-viewing approaches have allowed more detailed questions to be asked at low throughput. Boyden-based plates provide a count of cells that pass through a membrane, but no ...
Pereira Rui C - - 2011
This chapter is intended to provide a summary of the current materials used in cell encapsulation technology as well as methods for evaluating the performance of cells encapsulated in a polymeric matrix. In particular, it describes the experimental procedure to prepare a hydrogel matrix based on natural polymers for encapsulating ...
Pernagallo Salvatore - - 2011
Polymer microarrays as platforms for cell-based assays are presented, offering a unique approach to high-throughput cellular analysis. These high-throughput (HT) platforms are used for the screening of new materials with the purpose of first finding substrates upon which a specific cell line would adhere and second to gain a rapid ...
Simon Carl G CG - - 2011
We have developed a combinatorial platform for fabricating tissue scaffold arrays that can be used for screening cell-material interactions. Traditional research involves preparing samples one at a time for characterization and testing. Combinatorial and high-throughput (CHT) methods lower the cost of research by reducing the amount of time and material ...
Van Horssen Remco - - 2011
In our body cells move in three dimensions, embedded in an extracellular matrix that varies in composition, density and stiffness, and this movement is fundamental to life. Next to 3D cell migration assays, representing these physiological circumstances, still we need 2D migrations assays to perform detailed studies on the contribution ...
Chang Robert C - - 2011
In their normal in vivo matrix milieu, tissues assume complex well-organized 3D architectures. Therefore, a primary aim in the tissue engineering design process is to fabricate an optimal analog of the in vivo scenario, in which the precise configuration and composition of cells and bioactive matrix components can establish the ...
Unger Ronald E - - 2011
Increasingly, in vitro experiments are being used to evaluate the cell compatibility of novel biomaterials. Single cell cultures have been used to determine how well cells attach, grow, and exhibit characteristic functions on these materials and the outcome of such tests is generally accepted as an indicator of biocompatibility. However, ...
Carnio Silvia - - 2011
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by the lack of dystrophin; affected muscles are characterized by continuous bouts of muscle degeneration, eventually leading to the exhaustion of the endogenous satellite cell pool. At present, only palliative treatments are available, although several gene and cell therapy-based approaches are being studied. In ...
Casteilla Louis - - 2011
For a long time, adipose tissue was only considered for its crucial role in energy balance and associated diseases. The discovery of the presence of immature cells highlights a putative role for these tissues as reservoirs of therapeutic cells. Indeed, since fat pads can be sampled by liposuction under local ...
He Jiankang - - 2011
Combinatorial material synthesis is a powerful approach for creating composite material libraries for the high-throughput screening of cell-material interactions. Although current combinatorial screening platforms have been tremendously successful in identifying target (termed "hit") materials from composite material libraries, new material synthesis approaches are needed to further optimize the concentrations and ...
Haudenschild Dominik R - - 2011
Actin and tubulin cytoskeletal components are studied extensively in chondrocytes, but less is known about vimentin intermediate filaments. In other cell types, vimentin is a determinant of cell stiffness and disruption of vimentin networks weakens the mechanical integrity of cells. Changes in vimentin organization correlate with osteoarthritis progression, but the ...
Wu Dan - - 2011
Directed cell migration mediates physiological and pathological processes. In particular, immune cell trafficking in tissues is crucial for inducing immune responses and is coordinated by multiple environmental cues such as chemoattractant gradients. Although the chemotaxis mechanism has been extensively studied, how cells integrate multiple chemotactic signals for effective trafficking and ...
Tuloup-Minguez Véronique - - 2011
Macroautophagy is a major lysosomal degradation pathway for cellular components in eukaryotic cells. Baseline macroautophagy is important for quality control of the cytoplasm in order to avoid the accumulation of cytotoxic products. Its stimulation by various stressful situations, including nutrient starvation, is important in maintaining cell survival. Here we demonstrate ...
Martin Yella - - 2011
Microcarriers are a versatile tool with applications across a wide range of disciplines within tissue engineering. Large numbers of cells of appropriate phenotypes are required in engineering the many different tissues of the body, and microcarriers facilitate not only the expansion of many cell types but also the investigation of ...
Petrovski Steve - - 2010
Screening pure cultures of 65 mycolic acid producing bacteria (Mycolata) isolated mainly from activated sludge with a laboratory based foaming test revealed that not all foamed under the conditions used. However, for most, the data were generally consistent with the flotation theory as an explanation for foaming. Thus a stable ...
Astudillo Alma M - - 2011
The availability of free arachidonic acid (AA) constitutes a limiting step in the synthesis of biologically active eicosanoids. Free AA levels in cells are regulated by a deacylation/reacylation cycle of membrane phospholipids, the so-called Lands cycle, as well as by further remodeling reactions catalyzed by CoA-independent transacylase. In this work, ...
Hirota Morihiko - - 2010
Changes of cell-surface thiols induced by chemical treatment may affect the conformations of membrane proteins and intracellular signaling mechanisms. In our previous study, we found that a non-toxic dose of diphenylcyclopropene (DPCP), which is a potent skin sensitizer, induced an increase of cell-surface thiols in cells of a human monocytic ...
Hendrickx Benoit - - 2011
Providing a blood-vascular network to promote survival and integration of cells in thick dermal substitutes for application in full-thickness wounds is essential for the successful outcome of skin tissue engineering. Nevertheless, promoting vascularization also represents a critical bottleneck in today's skin tissue engineering practice. Several cell types have been considered ...
Francioli Silvia E - - 2010
Chondrocytes for tissue engineering strategies are typically expanded in monolayer (2D), leading to cell dedifferentiation but allowing to generate large cell numbers for seeding into scaffolds. Direct chondrocyte culture in scaffolds, instead, may support better maintenance of the differentiated phenotype but reduce the extent of proliferation and thus the resulting ...
Lossdörfer S - - 2010
Aging modulates the proliferative activity and organic matrix production of cells in vivo and in vitro. Here, we explore how aging affects the phenotypic characteristics of human periodontal ligament cells and their response to hormonal stimulation. Fifth passage periodontal ligament cells from subjects aged 12-14 (group 1), 41-55 (group 2) ...
Dini Luciana - - 2010
In a previous work we showed that a 6 mT static magnetic field (SMF) interferes with monocyte/macrophage 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced differentiation of promonocytes (U937 cells) and monocytes (THP-1 cells). In this study we investigated whether in the same cells and under the same conditions, phagocytosis of apoptotic cells is influenced by ...
Miller Cheryl - - 2010
Scientists are always looking for new tools to better mimic human anatomy and physiology, especially to study chronic respiratory disease. Airway remodelling is a predominant feature in asthma and occurs in conjunction with chronic airway inflammation. Both the inflammatory and repair processes alter the airway wall which is marked by ...
Devitt Brian M - - 2010
Metal ion toxicity both locally and systemically following MoM hip replacements remains a concern. Cobalt ions have been shown to induce secretion of proinflammatory chemokines locally; however, little is known about their effect systemically. We investigated the in vitro effect of cobalt ions on a variety of cell lines by ...
Kim Jae-Sung - - 2010
We undertook this study to assess the therapeutic benefits of intervertebral disc matrix repair and regeneration by evaluating the potential synergistic effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) on bovine spine discs and by elucidating the relevant molecular/cellular mechanisms. Bovine nucleus pulposus (NP) cells ...
Fischer R - - 2011
Bio-Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (BioMEMS) are a new tool in life sciences, supporting cell biology research by providing reproducible and miniaturized experimental platforms. In order to cultivate cells in such systems, appropriate microenvironmental conditions are required. Due to the multitude and variety of microbioreactors and cultivated cell types available, standardized cell handling ...
Staun-Ram Elsebeth - - 2010
We investigated the modulation of Cathepsin S, Cathepsin B and Cystatin C expression in immune cells by interferon (IFN)-β, and their role in cell migration. Cathepsin levels were increased in monocytic and T line cells upon activation. IFN-β abolished this increase of Cathepsin B in monocytes and of Cathepsin S ...
Petrovski Goran - - 2011
Acta Ophthalmol. 2011: 89: e30-e34 ABSTRACT.: Purpose:  Failure of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and macrophages to engulf different dying cells in the retina may result in accumulation of debris and development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The dynamics and influence of different treatments on this clearance process can be ...
Chou Ching-Shan CS Department of Mathematics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2010
In developing and self-renewing tissues, terminally differentiated (TD) cell types are typically specified through the actions of multistage cell lineages. Such lineages commonly include a stem cell and multiple progenitor (transit-amplifying) cell stages, which ultimately give rise to TD cells. As the tissue reaches a tightly controlled steady-state size, cells ...
Koepsell Laura - - 2011
The annulus fibrosus comprises concentric lamellae that can be damaged due to intervertebral disc degeneration; to provide permanent repair of these acquired structural defects, one solution is to fabricate scaffolds that are designed to support the growth of annulus fibrosus cells. In this study, electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds of polycaprolactone are ...
Lee Wonjae - - 2010
Cell encapsulating poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels represent a promising approach for constructing 3D cultures designed to more closely approximate in vivo tissue environment. Improved strategies are needed, however, to optimally balance hydrogel permeability to support metabolic activities of encapsulated cells, while maintaining patternability to restore key aspects of tissue architecture. Herein, ...
Mishra Ruchi - - 2011
The present work focuses on the physical, mechanical and in vitro properties of porous inorganic/organic biocomposite scaffolds of polyvinyl alcohol-tetraethylorthosilicate-alginate-calcium oxide (PTAC). These scaffolds are prepared by means of cryogelation technology and are intended for bone tissue engineering applications. The biocomposite cryogels have much more favorable physical and biological properties ...
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