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Results 451 - 500 of 2623
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Furumatsu Takayuki - - 2010
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-derived cells have a character different from medial collateral ligament (MCL)-derived cells. However, the critical difference between ACL and MCL is still unclear in their healing potential and cellular response. The objective of this study was to investigate the mesenchymal differentiation property of each ligament-derived cell. Both ...
Jin R - - 2010
Injectable hydrogels based on hyaluronic acid (HA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) were designed as biodegradable matrices for cartilage tissue engineering. Solutions of HA conjugates containing thiol functional groups (HA-SH) and PEG vinylsulfone (PEG-VS) macromers were cross-linked via Michael addition to form a three-dimensional network under physiological conditions. Gelation times varied ...
Tsai Shiao-Wen - - 2009
Our objectives were to fabricate three-dimensional collagen/chondroitin sulfate beads using mild conditions and no chemical reagents, and subsequently to investigate the influence of the nanotopography of these beads on primary osteoblast and MG63 cell responses, including cell morphology, proliferation rate, and gene expression. The major principle used to prepare beads ...
Maskarinec Stacey A - - 2009
Cells engage in mechanical force exchange with their extracellular environment through tension generated by the cytoskeleton. A method combining laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and digital volume correlation (DVC) enables tracking and quantification of cell-mediated deformation of the extracellular matrix in all three spatial dimensions. Time-lapse confocal imaging of migrating ...
De Castro Maria - - 2009
The present article investigates the substitution of poly-L-lysine by two different oligochitosans as membrane-coating capsule, and its effect on different functionality parameters of cell microencapsulation. To address this issue, initially the biocompatibility of the two types of oligochitosan solutions was evaluated using erythropoietin secreting C2C12 myoblast cell line as model. ...
Zhang Y - - 2009
The selective laser sintering (SLS) technique was used to manufacture hydroxyapatite-reinforced polyethylene and polyamide composites as potential customized maxillofacial implants. In vitro tests were carried out to assess cellular responses, in terms of cell attachment, morphology, proliferation, differentiation, and mineralized nodule formation, using primary human osteoblast cells. This study showed ...
Briggs Tonye T Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey - - 2009
This study evaluated the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), on tyrosine-derived polycarbonates copolymerized with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) to determine their potential as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering applications. The addition of PEG in the backbone of polycarbonates has been shown to alter mechanical properties, degradation rates, ...
Delcroix Ga?tan J-R - - 2010
No long term effective treatments are currently available for brain neurological disorders such as stroke/cerebral ischemia, traumatic brain injury and neurodegenerative disorders. Cell therapy is a promising strategy, although alternatives to embryonic/foetal cells are required to overcome ethical, tissue availability and graft rejection concerns. Adult cells may be easily isolated ...
Pedersen John A - - 2010
Interstitial flow is an important regulator of various cell behaviors both in vitro and in vivo, yet the forces that fluid flow imposes on cells embedded in a 3D extracellular matrix (ECM), and the effects of matrix architecture on those forces, are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate how fiber ...
Wong Po Foo Cheryl T S - - 2009
Current protocols to encapsulate cells within physical hydrogels require substantial changes in environmental conditions (pH, temperature, or ionic strength) to initiate gelation. These conditions can be detrimental to cells and are often difficult to reproduce, therefore complicating their use in clinical settings. We report the development of a two-component, molecular-recognition ...
Liao Sophia W - - 2009
A new class of functional saccharide-peptide copolymer-based hydrogels was synthesized and investigated as synthetic extracellular matrices for regenerative medicine applications. The polymer was composed entirely of natural building blocks, namely, galactaric acid and lysine on the backbone, with tyrosine grafted onto the side chain as a handle for enzyme-catalyzed hydrogelation. ...
Blecha L D - - 2010
An analytical model of the fluid/cell mechanical interaction was developed. The interfacial shear stress, due to the coupling between the fluid and the cell deformation, was characterized by a new dimensionless number N(fs). For N(fs) above a critical value, the fluid/cell interaction had a damping effect on the interfacial shear ...
Sandino Clara - - 2010
Mechanical stimuli are one of the factors that influence tissue differentiation. In the development of biomaterials for bone tissue engineering, mechanical stimuli and formation of a vascular network that transport oxygen to cells within the pores of the scaffolds are essential. Angiogenesis and cell differentiation have been simulated in scaffolds ...
Tulipano Giovanni - - 2010
Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis in vitro of caseins, have been shown to enhance calcium solubility and to increase the calcification of embryonic rat bones in their diaphyseal area. Little is known about the direct effects of CPPs on cultured osteoblastic cells. Calcium in the microenvironment surrounding bone ...
Zhu Huiyong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a method for the determination of the three-dimensional (3D) distribution of cells in mineralized scaffolds and to compare the effect of two different methods of cell seeding of human bone marrow stroma cells (hBMSCs) in long-term cultures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: hBMSCs ...
Thomson Heather A J - - 2011
Aim To evaluate a variety of copolymers as suitable scaffolds to facilitate retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) transplantation. Methods Five blends of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) with poly(d,l-lactic-glycolic acid) (PLGA) were manufactured by a solid-liquid phase separation technique. The blends were 10:90, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 90:10 (PLLA:PLGA). All blend ratios were ...
Tan Sik-Loo - - 2011
This study investigates the feasibility of processed human amnion (HAM) as a substrate for chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). HAM preparations processed by air drying (AD) and freeze drying (FD) underwent histological examination and MSC seeding in chondrogenic medium for 15 days. Monolayer cultures were used as control for ...
Thorfinn Johan - - 2009
Tissue-engineered tendon material may address tendon shortages in mutilating hand injuries. Tenocytes from rabbit flexor tendon can be successfully seeded onto acellularized tendons that are used as tendon constructs. These constructs in vivo exhibit a population of tenocyte-like cells; however, it is not known to what extent these cells are ...
Yim Eugene S - - 2009
Hydrogel polymers comprise a novel category of synthetic materials being investigated for use in cartilage replacement. One candidate compound, a poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(acrylic acid) (PEG/PAA) interpenetrating polymer network (IPN), was developed for use in corneal prostheses and was recently engineered for potential orthopedic use. The current study examined the effects of ...
Spitalieri Paola - - 2009
In this article we used immunohistochemistry and FACS analyses to show that cells expressing markers typical of human stem cells such as SSEA4, OCT-4, ALP, and CD117 are present within the cytotrophoblastic tissue of human fetal chorionic villus samples (CVSs). After immunoselection of CV cells for SSEA4, FACS analyses showed ...
Hoffmann Paul - - 2009
Spontaneous and experimentally induced pseudotumor formation in Carausius morosus impairs the midgut tissue homeostasis. Spontaneous pseudotumor formation begins by the break down of a single or a small group of columnar cells (CCs) and is followed by the degeneration of neighboring CCs. There are not only marked similarities but also ...
Coquerel B??r??nice - - 2009
In the most common primary brain tumors, malignant glioma cells invade the extracellular matrix (ECM) and proliferate rapidly in the cerebral tissue, which is mainly composed of hyaluronan (HA) along with the elastin present in the basement membrane of blood vessels. To determine the role of ECM components in the ...
Yang Zhenhua - - 2009
Limitations of conventional regeneration modalities underscore the necessity of recapitulating development for periodontal tissue engineering. In this study, we proposed a novel three-dimensional pellet cultivation system for periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) to recreate the biological microenvironment similar to those of a regenerative milieu. Monodispersed human PDLSCs were cultured in ...
Gupta Ashish - - 2009
Tissue engineering of the small intestine remains experimental despite worldwide attempts to develop a functional substitute for short bowel syndrome. Most published studies have reported predominant use of PLLA (poly-L-lactide acid)/PGA (polyglycolic acid) copolymer as the scaffold material, and studies have been limited by in vivo experiments. This lack of ...
Becker Eric - - 2010
Genetic engineering of producer cell lines for production of therapeutic antibodies in order to increase the yield of production processes remains a continuing challenge. Recently it was shown that heterologous expression of the active, spliced form of human X-box binding protein 1 (XBP-1(s)) can increase the amount of secreted protein ...
Wang Xiuqing - - 2009
Primary fibroblast-like cells isolated from the peripheral blood of a healthy pig were immortalized by transduction of cells with a replication-defective retrovirus vector expressing the E6/E7 proteins of human papillomavirus type 16 (pLXSN-16E6E7). The immortalized cells grow rapidly in cell culture and exhibit a distinct cell surface phenotype that was ...
Haroun Ahmed A - - 2009
This work focused on studying the effect of blending gelatin (Gel) with Cellulose (Cel), in the presence of montmorillonite (MMT), on the swelling behavior, in vitro degradation and surface morphology. Additionally, the effect of the prepared biocomposites on the characteristics of the human osteosarcoma cells (Saos-2), including proliferation, scaffold/cells interactions, ...
Dai Wenda - - 2009
Tissue engineering has been one of the most promising strategies for the regeneration of impaired tissue. Application of three-dimensional porous scaffolds has greatly improved the outcome of tissue engineering in many categories. Cell seeding is one of the key issues in tissue regeneration. It depends not only on the biocompatibility ...
Miyazaki Tsuyoshi - - 2009
The nucleus pulposus (NP) of the intervertebral disc in cattle and humans shows the most dramatic changes with aging of any cartilaginous tissue. In humans, notochordal cells disappear from the NP and are replaced with chondrocytic cells by adolescence. However, notochordal cells of the NP persist into adult life in ...
Omlor Georg W - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo animal study. OBJECTIVES: To describe a new porcine disc degeneration model, and to analyze disc remodeling and degeneration after nucleotomy with special view to the different nucleus pulposus (NP) cell types. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Thus far, predominantly smaller animals were used for disc degeneration models; ...
Bernstein Peter - - 2009
Recent research in tissue engineering for the treatment of cartilage defects have demonstrated that matrix-biomaterial, cell culture conditions, and cytokine-related factors influence the chondrogenic differentiation pattern, especially for the expression of matrix genes. However, little is known about the impact of cell seeding density in a three-dimensional environment on the ...
Wang Qi Guang - - 2010
A chondrocyte and its surrounding pericellular matrix (PCM) are defined as a chondron. The PCM plays a critical role in enhancing matrix production, protecting the chondrocyte during loading and transducing mechanical signals. Tissue engineering involves the design of artificial matrices which aim to mimic PCM function for mechanical strength and ...
Paletta Jürgen Rudolf Josef - - 2010
The aim of this study was to functionalize the surface of synthetic poly-(l-lactic) (PLLA) nanofibers with RGD peptide, in order to promote growth and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) in vitro. The cRGD was coupled onto PLLA nanofibers using oxygen plasma combined with EDC/sulfo-NHS activation. Matrices were ...
Kunze Reiner - - 2010
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and proteoglycans, which are components of the extracellular bone matrix, are also localized in and at the membrane of osteoblasts and in the pericellular matrix. Due to their interaction with several growth factors, water and cations these molecules play an important role in regulating proliferation and differentiation of ...
Zippel Nina - - 2009
The reconstruction of hard and soft tissues is a major challenge in regenerative medicine, since diseases or traumas are causing increasing numbers of tissue defects due to the aging of the population. Modern tissue engineering is increasingly using three-dimensional structured biomaterials in combination with stem cells as cell source, since ...
Akiyama Hirokazu - - 2010
A major limitation in tissue engineering is the insufficient formation of blood vessels in implanted tissues, resulting in reduced cell density and graft size. We report here the fabrication of angiogenic cell sheets using a combination of two magnetic force-based techniques which use magnetite cationic liposomes (MCLs), magnetofection and magnetic ...
Stops A J F - - 2010
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation can be influenced by biophysical stimuli imparted by the host scaffold. Yet, causal relationships linking scaffold strain magnitudes and inlet fluid velocities to specific cell responses are thus far underdeveloped. This investigation attempted to simulate cell responses in a collagen-glycosaminoglycan (CG) scaffold within a bioreactor. ...
Satoh Akira - - 2010
The ability of animals to repair tissue damage is widespread and impressive. Among tissues, the repair and remodeling of bone occurs during growth and in response to injury; however, loss of bone above a threshold amount is not regenerated, resulting in a "critical-size defect" (CSD). The development of therapies to ...
Robert L - - 2010
Hyaluronan, as most macromolecules of the extracellular matrix, are produced by the differentiated mesenchymal cells. These cells produce also enzymes degrading hyaluronan. This results in the presence of several hyaluronan pools of different molecular weights, all capable of interacting with surrounding cells, mediated by hyaluronan binding proteins and receptors. These ...
Guehring Thorsten - - 2010
The immature disc nucleus pulposus (NP) consists of notochordal cells (NCs). With maturation NCs disappear in humans, to be replaced by chondrocyte-like mature NP cells (MNPCs); this change in cell phenotype coincidences with early signs of disc degeneration. The reasons for NC disappearance are important to understand disc degeneration, but ...
Gan Jinbo - - 2010
Cell patterning on substrates has played a significant role in the study of basic biology, cell-based biosensor and tissue engineering. In this report, a cell pattern was prepared on poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) substrate by vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) lithography. After immobilizing allyl-polyethylene glycol (APEG) onto PDMS, a chemical heterogeneous patterned surface was ...
Yoshida Teruaki - - 2010
The hydroxyapatite/collagen (HAp/Col) sponge with 95% (v/v) porosity was prepared by freeze-drying of a HAp/Col fiber suspension. MG63 cells were seeded onto the HAp/Col sponge and cultured under a pressure/perfusion condition with osteogenic supplements. A collagen (Col) sponge was used as a control. The cells with sponge were examined by ...
Linder P - - 2010
The CellDrum technology (The term 'CellDrum technology' includes a couple of slightly different technological setups for measuring lateral mechanical tension in various types of cell monolayers or 3D-tissue constructs) was designed to quantify the contraction rate and mechanical tension of self-exciting cardiac myocytes. Cells were grown either within flexible, circular ...
Han Sang-Kuy - - 2010
The aims of this study were (i) to quantify chondrocyte mechanics in fully intact articular cartilage attached to its native bone and (ii) to compare the chondrocyte mechanics for cells in healthy and early osteoarthritis (OA) tissue. We hypothesized that cells in the healthy tissue would deform less for given ...
Kean Michelle J - - 2009
Cellular remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM), an essential component of many physiological and pathological processes, is dependent on the trafficking and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Soluble NSF attachment protein receptor (SNARE)-mediated membrane traffic has documented roles in cell-ECM interactions and the present study specifically examines SNARE function in ...
Kang Richard W RW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2010
Osteochondral autografts and allografts require mechanical force for proper graft placement into the defect site; however, impaction compromises the tissue. This study aimed to determine the effect of impaction force and number of hits to seat the graft on cartilage integrity. Under constant impulse conditions, higher impaction load magnitudes are ...
Verjee Liaquat Suleman - - 2009
Dupuytren's tissue has typically been described as being composed of myofibroblast-rich palmar nodules and relatively acellular tendon-like cords. We aimed to determine myofibroblast distribution (alpha-smooth muscle actin [alpha-SMA] positive cells) within Dupuytren's tissue and to correlate histologically defined alpha-SMA-positive nodules with digital contracture and recurrent disease. One hundred and three ...
Julkunen Petro - - 2009
The aim was to assess the role of the composition changes in the pericellular matrix (PCM) for the chondrocyte deformation. For that, a three-dimensional finite element model with depth-dependent collagen density, fluid fraction, fixed charge density and collagen architecture, including parallel planes representing the split-lines, was created to model the ...
Korhonen Rami K - - 2010
Osmotic loading is known to modulate chondrocyte (cell) height, width and volume in articular cartilage. It is not known how cartilage architecture, especially the collagen fibril orientation, affects cell shape changes as a result of an osmotic challenge. Intact patellae of New Zealand white rabbits (n=6) were prepared for fluorescence ...
Perron Josee K - - 2009
This study investigates the effect of PLGA 85/15 scaffold on the cell growth and viability of a cell line, and the degradation of the scaffold in different media. The cell line used was human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60). Three different media were considered: distilled water, a phosphate buffered saline (PBS) ...
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